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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

North and Central America


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 2006
Report
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BELIZE CITY

Procedures

Post keeps accurate records of commodities donated by the USG to the GOB. All donations to the host government are approved or disapproved by Post's Narcotics Coordinator or Chief of Mission. The Counter-Narcotics and Law Enforcement Committee meets once per month or as needed to discuss counternarcotics issues. The Committee consists of the Ambassador, the Deputy Chief of Mission (DCM), the Regional Security Officer (RSO), the Military Liaison Office (MLO), the Drug Enforcement Attache (DEA), and the Narcotics Affairs Section (NAS) Program Analyst. Monitoring of donated goods is done informally throughout the year. The NAS makes periodic visits to each of the locations where goods have been donated throughout the year. Items that are found missing or being used improperly are recorded. Disposable items such as fuel and oil are closely monitored.

On-site inspections are regularly conducted for all large items donated. Vehicles that are still in use are regularly monitored to insure that they are maintained properly and used for their intended purposes. The narcotic detention canines are closely monitored.

The provision of large items is documented in a Memorandum of Understanding format. Smaller items are documented through a single receipt that clearly states the intended use of the items.

Status

Vessels

The Belize Defense Force (BDF) has a vessel, which is maintained by the Anti-Drug Unit. The Anti-Drug Unit maintains a total of three boats, all of which have received upgrades and general maintenance work to keep them operational. The vessels have been provided with four T-tops. These vessels were previously often bowed, which caused technical problems during extreme weather. The T-tops provide protection for radio and radar equipment installed in 2004.

Four new 250HP Yamaha motors were purchased in synchronization with the refurbishment of 35-foot and 40-foot go-fast vessels in 2004. Those vessels were transferred to the newly formed Belize Coast Guard in 2005. All new items were found to be in place and in working condition.

Post has problems this year with boat motors and parts disappearing and units not adequately maintaining them. The counternarcotics committee came to a unanimous decision that post would no longer provide maintenance for Police Department vessels.

The BDFMW received four new motors in 2004. They have been transferred to the Belize Coast Guard.

Vehicles

One Ford Cutaway van was donated to the ADU in January 2003. ADU has done preventive maintenance. There is a small oil leak and it needs a transmission seal replaced. The steering wheel tie rod ends need to be fixed. The van also has a small crack in the front windshield. The vehicle was used to transport the 2,376 kilos of cocaine seized in September 2005 and 702 kilos seized in July 2004 to the location where it was burned.

One 2003 Ford F-250 was donated to the ADU of Belize and one 2003 Prado was donated to the canine unit in Belmopan. The 2003 F-250 has a fuel injector problem. It has been down since February 2005. The SDU does not have the resources to repair the truck or purchase the parts. The 2003 Prado is well maintained. The Anti-Drug Unit and the Canine Unit depend on USG donated vehicles as their main source of transportation.

In 2005, a 2004 F-250 pickup truck was transferred from the BFMW to the newly established BNCG.

Canine Units

Of those six canines, four were placed with the ADU K-9 unit and one explosive detection canine and two narcotics detection canines were placed with the Belize Airport Authority. One narcotics canine was removed from the Belize Airport Authority due to lack of usage and temperament issues and relocated with the Belize Police Department. The explosive detention canine has been cross-trained to detect narcotics.

In May 2005, one handler attended a canine handler instructor certification course through CSI International in Miami and Panama. There are two certified K-9 instructors who are able to train narcotics and explosive detection canines.

All office equipment donated to the canine unit was found to be in place. This includes one desk, two file cabinets, a safe, a table and six chairs, a computer, a printer, and a fax machine. All items were found to be in good condition and used for their intended purposes.

The INL-funded kennels have been properly maintained. GOB continues to fund this unit and all dogs are properly cared for.

Communications Equipment

Radio tower, repair work, and radio installation were completed in 2002. Communication equipment in Belize has not been fully functional in the past.

The Belize Port Authority received boat radios, an HF radio, a base station radio and a Navtex receiver through the Maritime Communication Project in 2004. All items were located at the National Maritime Communication Center and were in working order with the exception of two radios and one headset.

The BDF Airwing received aircraft radios and base station radios in conjunction with the Maritime Communication Project. The BDF aircraft currently conducts all air surveillance pertaining to narcotics interdiction. All radios were in place and functioning correctly.

The ADU received two marine radios and a base radio in conjunction with the Maritime Communication Project in 2004. All radios were found to be in place, but the batteries are not keeping the charge. The radios operate with direct charges from the vessels.

A counternarcotics electronic intelligence surveillance system was deployed to Belize in July 2004. This system's ability to track suspicious plane traffic has reduced the number of planes landing in Belize.

Two radios installed in the vessels, Lady Gina and Lady Milagros, are beyond repair. The radios were serviced by technicians other than the contractor. Therefore, the warranty is void.

The headsets are rusted due to the weather/moist condition in Belize. The equipment is not water-resistant. One headset is not working. BCSL found when inspecting vessels that headsets have been hung from the dry box in the weather and salt air. BCSL has included training on preventive measure to care for the equipment to remove any salt-laden moisture that may accumulate when not in use.

JICC Equipment

The JICC received equipment to upgrade antiquated computer systems in 2003. Seven computers and monitors, back-up power supplies and three printers were donated. The JICC also received a laptop computer, digital camera and two file cabinets that previously belonged to the Money-Laundering Unit. All items were found to be in good working condition and used for their intended purposes.

The Police Information Technology Unit received five licenses for Memex software through the NAS office in October of 2004. They developed a Wide Area Network for the entire police department so they can record all case files electronically. The GOB purchased two servers to run the system. The system has been in operation since February 2005.

Computer Equipment

The Magistrate's court received eight complete computer systems, a server, 2 printers, eight back-up power supplies, a scanner and nine monitors in 2004. They were used to replace computers lost to fire in the Paslow building in 2002.

Four computers, two printers, and a server were donated to the Maritime Wing of the Belize Defence Force in 2003. Six additional computers were purchased for the Public Prosecutions Office in 2005. Its staff complement has grown considerably since the last computers were donated in 2003. The Supreme Court received ten complete computers, seven printers, ten back-up power supplies, one desktop photocopier and one fax in 2003. The Security Sector of the Commercial Free Zone (CFZ) received a computer in 2003.

The National Drug Abuse Control Council (NDACC) received two computers, printers, backups, a server and accessories for the transnational digital government project in 2004. The equipment was found in the new NDCAA office awaiting reinstallation due to office relocation. NDACC continues to work with the Police Department to record drug abuse cases.

Belize Immigration received a variety of technical equipment in 2004 to enforce their documentation of suspicious travelers arriving and departing from all border points and the airport in Belize. They were recipients of 10 computers, printers, scanners, and back-ups. The equipment at the airport has been installed. However, the other equipment was found to be in storage in Belmopan. Immigration plans to install the equipment as soon as the machine-readable passport program is in place. Intentions are to network these systems with the transnational digital government project.

The ADU received four computers and a server in 2003. Two computers are based at the Belmopan ADU and the ADU house in Belize City. All computers are in good condition and being used as stand-alone workstations. The server was reported to have problems and has been shipped to New Hampshire by the BPD IT unit for repair. The NAS has requested the shipping information from the ADU commander.

The following equipment was transferred from the Belize Defence Maritme Wing (BDMW) to the newly established Belize Coast Guard in 2005: four (4) Compaq computers, four (4) monitors, two (2) LaserJet printers, four (4) UPS.

The Belize National Forensic Science Service (BNFSS) received a dot matrix printer and Syntronics cable, ventilation fan and advanced starter kit & supplies for the Crime Scene Unit. All equipment is being used for its intended purpose. The used Infrared Spectro Photometer donated by the Department of Justice (ICITAP) to analyze cocaine and other drug substances was found in good condition. This piece of equipment cannot be used at the current facility due to infrastructure electrical problems.

In May 2005, the Crime Scene Unit of the BPD received three digital cameras. All cameras were located, but two of them have problems.

The Belize Immigration and Nationality Services (BINS) received eight computers, monitors, digital cameras, multifunction devices (printer, scanner, copier) and software and 10 ultra violet lights. All equipment was found in its proper location and in working condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Office supplies donated to the Security Unit of the Commercial Free Zone (CFZ) in 2001 are in use as intended. Sophisticated items such as the contraband detection kit and night vision goggles are stored in locked rooms and brought out when the need arises. A digital camera, and office furniture were donated to the CFZ in 2003. These items were used to furnish a new office for the Chief Security Officer and his staff. The camera was found to be in possession of the management office of the CFZ. The Chief Security Officer was urged to locate the camera and to reclaim possession. The management office relinquished possession of the camera and placed it back with its intended unit.

One "buster" kit was provided to the ADU in July 2002. The" buster kit" was found to be in good condition except for one accessory missing which makes operations difficult. Two ADU members were trained in Guatemala in the use of the "buster" kit. It is operational, with difficulty. The NAS is researching a buster kit source through NAS Guatemala.

One member of the Anti-Drug Unit is responsible for assigning the use of tools or equipment and for ensuring that the items are returned. This has been an effective method for the unit to keep track of their commodities. Secure storage for sample narcotics at the Police Canine Unit was provided through donation of a safe and refrigerator.

Four pairs of night vision goggles were purchased in June of 2002. The batteries for the goggles are not working and are not available in Belize.

In 2005, two digital cameras were provided to the ADU Task Force for counternarcotics investigative operations. The cameras were not located. Two old cameras were found to be non-operational.

The BNCG received uniforms, ODU-Coast Guard blue trousers, jackets, boots, T-shirts, buckles and belts in 2005. The USG continues to focus on Port Security and safety for the cruise ship passengers. The USG fully support the development of a Coast Guard.

Two of the digital cameras purchased for the BPD Crime Scene Unit have problems with the lens protection mechanism. NAS has requested the cameras with original boxes and warranty documentation.

Problems

Most equipment has been used for its intended purpose. Post has had problems in the past year with boat motor and parts disappearing and units not adequately maintaining them. The Countenarcotics Committee determined that post could no longer provide maintenance for Police Department vessels. The Belize Defence Force Maritime Wing received four new motors this past year. They have an adequate security system in place and have been responsible for maintenance.

Impact

Belize continues to be a transit country for narcotics being transported to the U.S. Maritime interdiction has increased during the last few years; the active National Coast Guard continues to improve its maritime capability to conduct counternarcotics and other international crime operations at sea. Law enforcement authorities confiscated and destroyed 2,376 kilograms of cocaine in 2005. Post continues to focus on improving the National Forensic Science Service in an effort to increase successful criminal prosecutions. The initial maritime communications infrastructure provided by the NAS has significantly improved coordination between air and maritime assets in both search and rescue and narcotics interdiction.

GUATEMALA CITY

Procedures

Throughout 2005, End Use Monitoring responsibilities were divided between the NAS Logistics Coordinator, the Police Adviser, the U.S. Customs Advisor, Communications Technician, the Computer Systems Manager, the Canine School Maintenance Supervisor and the inventory clerk. When items are received, warehouse personnel inspect the item and complete a receiving report. The Logistics Coordinator certifies receipt to initiate payment. The inventory clerk enters the item into the NAS inventory management program after which it is distributed to the final user. The recipient will sign an appropriate NAS-issued form detailing items received and final destination. Non-expendable supplies are entered into the inventory management system by type and quantity. Post also uses the serial number (if available) and NAS identification tags to identify the item. Nomenclature organization and location are recorded when an item is issued for follow-on instructions. The inventory clerk can provide computer reports of items by asset identification tag, by type, or by location. These reports are used to conduct annual inventories.

All NAS personnel noted above help to supervise and monitor distribution of property to host nation organizations and to conduct inventories and property reconciliation. In addition, the NAS fleet manager provides day-to-day End Use Monitoring of the NAS-provided vehicle fleet, maintenance and spare parts. Consumption rates are entered into a software and monitored by the Logistics Coordinator and the respective program managers. When items are transferred to host government agencies, the receiving agency signs a receiving report accepting the item. The receiving agency will also maintain inventory control.

The NAS Program Managers, Canine School Maintenance supervisor, Computer Systems Manager, and Communications Technician assist in End Use Monitoring with periodic inspections of NAS-provided material. The NAS Police and U.S. Customs Advisors conduct routine inventories at field sites. The Canine School Maintenance Supervisor assists with periodic inventories of commodities and provisions for both the Regional Anti-Narcotics School and the SAIA Canine Narcotics Detention Units. The computer systems manager assists with periodic inventories of computer equipment located throughout Guatemala. The Communications Technician conducts detailed inventory of all communications equipment located around the country and at the radio repeater sites.

Spot checks are regularly conducted when a program manager visits a field site. The inventory management system is used to generate a detailed list of NAS equipment at the various field locations. These lists are provided to the program manager visiting the field sites. The Logistics Coordinator conducts a comprehensive inventory of all sites at least once a year.

The warehouse data entry technician issues all items using standard receiving reports to verify receipt by the receiving agency. These records are verified by the NAS Logistics Coordinator and monitored by Program Managers during field inspections. Periodic on-site visits, generally performed at least quarterly, are the primary means of assessing resource status and helps to minimize loss or misuse. NAS personnel inspect all sites with NAS equipment, including remote field sites with radio repeater equipment, at least semiannually. Post inspects even the remote sites with only unattended radio equipment three to four times a year as part of routine assistance or preventive maintenance visits. Routine trips by the NAS Program Managers and technicians provide an opportunity for End Use Monitoring, assessment of impact on existing program resources, and identification of additional requirements/deletions to increase project effectiveness.

The host nation counterpart agency, SAIA, assists NAS personnel with on-site inventories upon request. All receiving agencies have been cooperative in implementing End Use Monitoring procedures.

Status

Vehicles

The NAS procured 17 new vehicles in 2005. The majority of the vehicles are dedicated to the SAIA program. The SAIA, PNC and MP vehicles are being used nationwide by the respective agencies in support of counternarcotics operations. All SAIA vehicles provided by the NAS and the GOG receive routine preventive and corrective maintenance by the NAS/SAIA automotive shop. When the shop is not capable of performing the maintenance, the work is evaluated by the NAS maintenance personnel, reviewed by the Logistics Coordinator, approved by the program manager and contracted out. The MP vehicles are evaluated by the NAS mechanic, reviewed by the Logistics Coordinator and provided routine preventive and corrective maintenance by a local contractor. Proper use of the vehicles is verified during the continuous maintenance performed by the NAS maintenance personnel. Any incidents of improper use are reported to the respective program manager and dealt with on a case-by-case basis.

SAIA occasionally acquires seized vehicles for counternarcotics operations. The NAS continues to work with the GOG to incorporate seized vehicles into the SAIA to maximize the use of limited resources. The NAS also provides limited preventive and corrective maintenance for these vehicles. There are three seized vehicles used by SAIA throughout Guatemala.

Communications Equipment

The NAS supports the SAIA's nationwide UHF/FM secure/non-secure radio network. The network consists of handheld radios, vehicle radios, base stations and a nationwide system of 14 remote site repeaters. This system provides nationwide command and control of counternarcotics operations. Remote repeater sites are inventoried on scheduled visits.

Due to the change from VHF to UHF frequencies of the SAIA radio communications, the NAS completed upgrades and modifications for the entire SAIA radio communications system throughout the country with the radios purchased in 2004. DEA donated five repeater stations to NAS in support of the SAIA network. The NAS and SAIA Communications Technicians conduct regular maintenance and End Use Monitoring inspections of all communications equipment throughout the host nation.

The NAS maintains cellular phones with their respective accessories to assist in providing essential telephone communications. NAS officers and advisors, the SAIA, the Public Ministry, and Minister of Government personnel are assigned this equipment. Most units are maintained by the NAS radio laboratory.

Computer Equipment

The NAS purchased 98 computers with their respective monitors, 5 servers, 5 laptops, 44 printers, 1 scanner, 23 UPS', and miscellaneous hardware and software items. The equipment is installed in SAIA and Public Ministry facilities located in Guatemala City. NAS computer personnel provide End Use Monitoring of the equipment. Verification of its proper use by the host nation is confirmed during these periodic visits.

Vessels

The two 25' Boston Whaler fiberglass boats remain in the SAIA fleet located on the Caribbean coast. They are used only for limited brown water counter-narcotics operations. In 2005, the NAS provided fuel in support of the maritime Mayan Jaguar operations conducted in August and September.

JICC

The Guatemalan Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC) is located in SAIA central headquarters. The JICC consists of 10 desktop computers with respective monitors; 1 server; 1 scanner, and 3 printers. The JICC stores and collates information to help develop intelligence for support to SAIA investigations and operations. The computers are linked to a server through a Local Area Network cable connection, which is also linked to the National Police Information Management System via a fiber optic switch.

The NAS maintains and upgrades the computers, servers, and associated equipment to meet the current and future needs of the JICC. The older equipment that is being replaced will be removed, cleaned up, evaluated for usefulness, reprogrammed and used to support different off sites throughout the country. The development of an adequate database is continuously ongoing. The primary obstacle to move efficient operation continues to be accessed to relevant databases from private and government sources, which are sometimes reluctant to share information with the police.

With the reorganization of SAIA next year, the NAS will be placing a strong emphasis through training, selection of more qualified personnel, and more involvement by other USG agencies that work in Guatemala into developing the JICC into an operational intelligence and analysis center.

Construction

SAIA Regional Training Facility-This project consists of a gym facility to provide a means to exercise for the SAIA student personnel and other counternarcotics student visitors and guests during their training at the Regional Counternarcotics Training Center. The project was begun in November 2004 and completed in March of 2005.

Electrical/Automated Data Upgrades to MP Office-The Public Ministry provided partitions for electrical, telephone and automated data cabling upgrades for the antinarcotics office facility in Zone 1. The project was begun in May and completed in September of 2005.

Counternarcotics aircraft upgrades-The NAS provided engine and windshield maintenance upgrades for two of the A-37 aircraft used during counternarcotics interdiction operations. The project was begun in September and completed in October 2005.

Canine Training Facility

During 2005, the NAS retired 5 drug detection canines. The NAS procured ten new drug detection and one explosive detective canine. The canine teams are used to examine containers, luggage, vehicles, fixed and mobile checkpoints. The 42-drug detection and 5 explosive detection canines provide the SAIA program support in counternarcotics operations in the airport, highway, sea and land border ports of entry and passage. Canines are trained at the facility, along with new handlers from SAIA and other Central American posts, for the purpose of drug and explosives detection.

The NAS has developed BPA's with a veterinarian for the animals to receive regularly scheduled vaccinations and to provide dry food and fuel for transportation of SAIA personnel and canines throughout the country. Routine refresher training and an annual recertification have been the cornerstones to keeping the program successful and energetic.

Miscellaneous Items

The NAS purchased a wide variety of consumables/expendables in CY-2005, including tools for container inspections, office supplies, uniform items, meals ready to eat (MRE's), and canine supplies. All items were entered into the NAS inventory management system, and consumption rates monitored by the Data Technician and Logistics Coordinator.

The incinerator is located at the new SAIA headquarters and is used for destruction of drugs. Post has used the incinerator to destroy several metric tons of cocaine.

The NAS provided fuel support for the Guatemalan Air Force assets that were used in Mayan Jaguar and Central skies operations conducted in February, April, and September 2005 and fuel and hanger support for the RARE deployment conducted in November 2005.

Problems

Acute lack of resources, weak leadership at the middle management level, widespread corruption and frequent personnel turnover continue to affect GOG's ability to deal with narcotics trafficking and organized crime.

Impact

The GOG renewed for an additional three years the legislative authority for joint US/Guatemalan military and law enforcement operations to take place in Guatemala. During 2005, five successful Mayan Jaguar operations took place under the Central Skies operational framework, including two specifically designed to support DEA's region wide operation.

The GOG, in a joint operation with DEA, cooperated in the investigation and arrest of three corrupt Guatemalan police officials, including the chief and deputy of Guatemala's Drug Police (SAIA). Guatemala pursued numerous public corruption cases during 2005 (143 individuals and four civil or commercial entities). Additionally, an extradition request is pending in Mexico against the former president; the former Vice President is awaiting trial; and the former Finance Minister was convicted and sentenced. Similarly, Guatemala's Police continue to follow a zero tolerance policy on corruption. During 2005, 1,428 cases were opened against police officers accused of a variety of crimes. One hundred officers of the Criminal Investigation Division were fired.

In 2005, 67 drug traffickers arrested by the USCG in international waters were transferred to the U.S. for prosecution, allowing USCG assets to pursue drug interdiction, homeland security missions.

The SAIA seized 5,058 kilos of cocaine in 2005. The GOG was more successful in domestic eradication in 2005, eradicating over 14.6 million poppy plants or 48 hectares. These eradications were accomplished in the remote and mountainous west of the country without helicopter support, and with support costs paid entirely by the GOG.

MANAGUA

Procedures

DEA Special Agents and INL personnel continually verify the proper use and maintenance of equipment acquired with INL funds while participating in operations and through regular program monitoring. The Embassy also receives written feedback from recipients regarding the use of provided equipment. Early in 2003, the Nicaraguan National Police (NNP), on its own initiative, started its own inventory system. The inventory now tracks the location and condition of all vehicles it has received.

Status

In general, equipment delivered to our counterparts is adequately used and maintained for its intended purpose.

Communications Equipment

Prior to 2003, INL Managua donated two repeaters, 36 radios, and 3 satellites phones to the NNP Narcotics Unit. The NNP Narcotics Unit uses the satellite phones to communicate with the MIU when it operates in remote areas of Nicaragua. During 2002, INL Managua received cellular phones from AID. Post donated seven to the Internal Affairs Unit and five to the NNP Drug Unit.

Computer Equipment

Prior to 2003, the NNP Narcotics Unit received 19 computers, 2 scanners, 9 printers, and 11 Uninterrupted Power Supplies (UPS') for that unit's Joint Information Center (JICC). DEA also donated one computer to the unit. These items are all in use in the JICC. The NNP Narcotics Unit received ten digital cameras in 2003 and 9 more in 2004. In 2003, INL provided 3 digital cameras to the NNP Internal Affairs Unit. Post retains one new scanner in its storeroom. In 2005, INL provided 8 laptop computers and 8 portable printers to the NNP for use in the field. INL procured 40 computers, forty UPS, two laptops, a variety of printers for the NNP Anti-Corruption Unit. Eight of the computers are in need of repair or replacement. Post is considering upgrading a computer network for this unit and purchasing hard drives and other supplies.

In 2003, INL began the deployment of a new immigration computer system called PISCES. The contractor made the original equipment installations, but was unable to follow through with making the system operational due to the greater demand to bring the system on line in the Middle East. In January 2005, the contactor was finally able to send a team to Managua to conduct an inventory of all donated equipment, do the final installation, and provide training to Nicaraguan Immigration personnel. PISCES is installed, with 10 stations, at the Managua's International Airport. Unfortunately, due to continuing technical difficulties, PISCES is still not fully operational. Post is working to arrange another visit by technical experts in 2006.

Vehicles

The majority of vehicles donated to the NNP are attached to the NNP Drug Unit. On site inspections have determined that all vehicles are in working order. Nine vehicles and 36 motorcycles were given to the unit prior to 2003. In 2003, INL provided the NNP Drug Unit with four trucks and 18 motorcycles. In 2004, INL provided four Toyota Hi-Lux pick-up trucks and 18 175 cc Yamaha motorcycles. The motorcycles and vehicles are distributed throughout the country at various regional police offices. In addition to these vehicles, INL Managua equipped two special units for the NNP Drug Unit, a Mobile Inspection Unit (MIU) and a Mobile Surveillance Unit (MSU). The MIU has two vans, a vehicle for carrying canines, two motorcycles, and a full set of entry and inspection tools.

During 2004, INL purchased a second vehicle for the MIU and turned this over with the necessary equipment in 2005. The MSU has seven vehicles that are employed in the surveillance of drug suspects and in interviewing informants. Newly added to the MIU is a Mobile Canine Unit that received a Land Cruiser in 2003. In 2004, a DEA surplus Toyota 4-Runner was also transferred to the MSU. In 2005, post INL added 15 Honda motorcycles and 5 Toyota Hi-Lux trucks to the NNP's Drug Unit.

During 2000, INL donated two pick-up trucks to the Civil Inspection Unit (UIC) as part of Hurricane Mitch Program. Additionally, INL donated one Mazda pick-up and ten motorcycles to the NNP Internal Affairs Unit (UAI). During 2002, the UAI reported that one motorcycle had been stolen in Managua. INL also purchased one Toyota Yaris and one Toyota pick-up for the Anti- Corruption Unit (UAC) and ten motorcycles. All of these vehicles remain in official use with the exception of one stolen motorcycle. In 2004, INL purchased a Toyota Yaris for the NNP Woman's Commissariat for use in its prevention in trafficking in person outreach program.

Vessels

In 1998, INL purchased a Boston Whaler for the NNP. It is in storage in Bluefields. The boat has had persistent engine an electronic problems and the cost of repairs has become prohibitive. INL is looking into making a trade for the vessel.

During 2002, INL Managua made a variety of purchases for the Nicaraguan Navy, including life jackets, whistles, lights flares, compasses, radar, radios and various other tracking and communication devices. This equipment has been used in joint counter-narcotic operations with the USCG, the Nicaraguan Navy and U.S. law enforcement vessels. All but the life jackets (due to normal wear and tear) are in good condition. INL refurbished a Dabur Patrol Boat for the Nicaraguan Navy that became operational in 2003. The second Dabur was refurbished in 2005 and is now operational. Work is set to begin on the third Dabur in 2006. Also in 2003, the U.S. Coast Guard delivered one fast boat to the Nicaraguan Navy Bluefields and two other to Managua. One, however, suffered damage to the hull in transit. In 2003, the British Government provided funds for the USG to refurbish an additional fast boat as well. The fast boats in Corinto, San Jaundel Sur, Puerto Cabezaz, Miskito Cay, and in Bluefields all seem to be in working order and being used properly.

In December 2003, the USG donated a 110 ft. utility boat, named the MV Kastor, to the Nicaraguan Navy. The Kastor was seized while smuggling drugs. Post's original intent was to refurbish the Kastor to give the Navy a deep water capability in the Pacific. Unfortunately, during the two years that the Kastor was tied up in litigation, prior to its turnover, it deteriorated to the point that it was no longer cost effective to recondition. It remains docked at the Navy base in Corinto.

In 2005, post INL donated 225 lifejackets and 2 life rafts to the Navy. Post will be turning over $50,000 worth of Yamaha engine parts for maintaining the fast boat fleet in 2006.

Canine Unit

During 2002, CSI delivered twelve counter-drug dogs and implemented a comprehensive program that included extensive training for the dog handlers. Six counter-drug dogs were added in 2003 and five more (three of which were dedicated to detecting drugs and illegal currency at the post office) were donated in 2004. This unit continues to function and participate in productive drug busts. The dogs are based in various areas of the country, including the Vehicle Inspection Station in Penas Blancas, the Managua International Airport and the Atlantic Coast Port of Bluefields. The NNP has graduated its first full certified dog trainer and autonomous K-9 program. Therefore, post INL's contract with a US-based dog training contractor has been allowed to expire. Some of the dogs have health problems, so post will secure better veterinary care for the dogs in 2006.

Inspection Equipment

Two contraband detector buster kits, tools, and inspection equipment are used by the Government of Nicaragua (GON) police forces to detect narcotic trafficking via containers and vehicles. The Special Drug Police has been using this equipment successfully.

During 2000, post installed ten closed circuit television cameras for use by the Narcotics Unit at the Managua International Airport. Six more cameras were installed during 2002. The NNP uses these cameras to conduct surveillance of the airport area and to monitor suspicious persons. Currently, the system is only partly functional due to remodeling and expansion of the airport. INL has contracted with the vendor to relocate cables and make the system fully operational again.

Construction

In 2000, post signed an LOA with the GON that committed the USG to build a Vehicle Inspection Station at Pena's Blanca's on the southern border with Costa Rica. The station was inaugurated in August 2002 and outfitted with computers, two forklifts, an Ion scanner, a pallet mover and a wide range of tools used in vehicle inspection. It is now operational and in use. INL and the DEA personnel visit Penas Blancas on a regular basis and have verified the status of the equipment.

Office Equipment

In 1998, INL provided four fax machines and a copy machine for the NNP Drug Unit. One fax is located at the airport, two at the Narcotics Police Headquarters, and one at the Regional Police Office in the Department of Rivas. The photocopy machine is at Managua International Airport where it serves as part of the NNP Narcotics Unit.

Laboratory Equipment

The NNP Drug Laboratory was set up in 2002 in Managua for the purpose of evidence processing. It is one of three labs in Nicaragua whose reports the judiciary allows as evidence in trials. INL has provided the laboratory with equipment and supplies, including four computers. However, upon delivery, the computers were found to be faulty and returned to the local supplier. That supplier has since gone out of business and fled to the U.S.; and the computers have disappeared. INL is considering funding at least one ancillary drug laboratory on the Atlantic Coast as well as upgrading the Managua lab. A DEA lab training team visited the lab in 2005 to perform a thorough assessment of the NNP's lab situation in terms of what should be purchased and what should be repaired. Post INL is ordering the equipment needed for the lab.

Miscellaneous Equipment

During 2000, INL installed ten closed circuit television cameras with recorders and five more in 2004. The NNP Drug Unit uses these cameras for surveillance of the airport area and to monitor suspicious persons. Currently, the system is only partly functional due to ongoing remodeling and expansion of the airport. Post INL has contracted with the vendor to re-locate cables and move cameras to make the system fully operational during the remodeling. Post is considering an expansion of the current system once the construction is complete.

Problems

Maintenance

As the INL Managua program has grown, maintenance has become an increasingly important issue. NNP Dug Police official have asked INL Managua to provide major maintenance and overhauls for expensive donated items, leaving more routine care and upkeep to the NNP. INL Managua will need to dedicate an increasing share of its budget to maintenance (such as the purchase of $50,000 in Yamaha parts for the Navy) to ensure the viability of ongoing programs. Continuing repair and maintenance issues at the Penas Blancas Vehicle Inspection Station will be addressed in 2006 as well as problems with the airport closed circuit TV system due to the ongoing construction at the airport.

Drug Laboratory

The NNP Drug Laboratory needs to upgrade its lab equipment and establish auxiliary drug laboratories on the Atlantic coast, which will be addressed in 2006.

Administrative Shortage

Post INL's program assistant position remains unfilled, thus making regular EUM checks difficult. The End Use Monitoring report would normally be part of the program assistant's responsibilities. A program assistant will be hired in 2006.

Impact

During 2005, the Narcotics Unit of the NNP continued to seize drugs transiting Nicaragua by land. The NNP increased cocaine and heroin seizures over the previous year. The Mobile Inspection Units showed particular successes as did both the mobile and stationary K-9 units. The Nicaraguan Navy has achieved some successes on the high seas, seizing a dozen fast boats, most of which had been abandoned, and some quantities of drugs. The Nicaraguan authorities were instrumental in seizing over eight metric tons of cocaine in 2005.

The Vehicle Inspection Station in Penas Blancas has made major drug seizures. The Navy fast boats and Daburs are also making seizures, but are hindered by lack of fuel supply. The closed circuit system at the airport used to monitor suspected drug traffickers as they enter Nicaragua has contributed to a number of investigations.

MEXICO CITY

Procedures

The Embassy's NAS, law enforcement agencies, and consulates conducted End Use Monitoring through on-site visits and on-the-spot checks. The Mexican Office of the Attorney General (PGR) continued to provide reports on the state of USG helicopters and fixed wing aircraft leased from the USG. Other recipient agencies, including non-governmental organization (NGO's), supplied financial accounting reports directly to NAS officials. Financial accounting reports were submitted by other recipient institutions.

The PGR Chief of Staff signed all Notes of Agreement (NOA's) documenting receipt of donated non-expendable commodities. These NOA's specify the items donated, their quantities, descriptions, serial numbers, intended use and locations and the legal authority for donation and receipt of such goods. Use of these documents has helped PGR officials to develop and maintain a centralized inventory of donated equipment.

Status

Aircraft

The PGR furnished monthly reports to the NAS on the location, availability, and use of the UH-1H helicopters leased to the PGR Air Services Section by INL. NAS personnel routinely incorporated site visits and End Use Monitoring requirements during official trips. They confirmed the stationing of INL helicopters at locations specified by the PGR in their monthly reports. Visitors also noted that PGR personnel maintained the proper operation and cleanliness of aircraft facilities. Lack of funding by the GOM represented the principal obstacle for timely procurement of spare parts for non-operational aircraft. NAS officials also continued to support an Air Services Section initiative to train mechanics, corrosion technicians, and other PGR Air Services personnel.

A U.S. company under NAS contract, ARINC, continued to help PGR counterparts in warehouse management, ordering spare parts, scheduling maintenance, and tracking aircraft availability. NAS personnel arranged for the delivery, under Project OLR, of six refurbished UH-1H aircraft to the PGR Air Service Section. Post anticipates refurbishing 29 aircraft during the next several years. Authorities will remove, destroy, or demilitarize older airframes as these replacement aircraft enter the PGR Air Services Section. Refurbished UH-1H helicopters should eventually increase aircraft availability rates for the PGR Air Services Section. Currently, such rates remain lower than desired because of lack of funds to procure spare parts. The helicopters are distributed as follows: Hermosillo (4); Mexicalli (2); Culiacan (2); Guadalajara (2); Chetumal (2); Tapachula (3); Mexico City (5); Acapulco (4); Nuevo Laredo (1).

The following PGR UH-1H helicopters remain operable and located at the following areas: XC-BBA-Mexicali; XC-LIX-Santana; KC-BBG-Caborca; XC-BBJ-Chetumal; XC-JAO-Tapachula; XC-LJJ-Chetumal; XC-LJK-Tapachula; XC-BBG-Caborca; XC-HGR-Culiacan; XC-BBH-Culican; XC-JAX-Tuxtla Gutierrrez.

The following UH-1H helicopters remain inoperable, as of the end of 2005: XC-LIV-Hermosillo; XC-JAN-Hermosillo; XC-JAV-Chihuahua; XC-JAO-Culiacan; XC-JAM-Culiacan; XC-BBL-Guadalajara; XC-BBK-Guadalajara; XC-JAB-Guadalajara; XC-JAG-Guadalajara; XC-JAE-Guadalajara; XC-JAA-Acapulco; XC-JAR-Tapachula; XC-JAS-Chetumal. The following are undergoing repair: XC-JAU; XC-BBF; XC-BBE; XC-BBD; XC-LIW; XC-LIZ.

The overall average availability rate for aircraft in the PGR Air Services in CY-2005 was 38.8 percent. The low rates of availability resulted from several factors, including age of most helicopters and normal wear and tear. Lack of funding to procure spare parts also contributed to the low rates of availability.

In addition to the UH-1H's, the PGR operated 31 USG donated aircraft in 2005. They included: seventeen (17) Bell 206 B-III's; four (4) Bell 212 UH-1N; nine (9) Cessna 206 airplanes; and one (1) Dehavilland DNC-6 aircraft.

In 2005, the NAS arranged for the delivery of eight Schweizer SCA-333 surveillance helicopters to the PGR Air Services Section for use by the Federal Investigative Agency (AFI) for aerial surveillance, border security, and eradication reconnaissance missions. Twenty-eight (28) Schweizer helicopters are scheduled for delivery over the next several years. Six of the helicopters remain operational and deployed to Cuidad Juarez (Chihuahu), Reynosa (Tamaulipas), Culiacan (Sinaloa), Acapulco (Guerrero) and Mexico City (Federal District).

Maintenance-During 2005, the PGR Air Services Section relocated to new, smaller facilities at Mexico City's International Airport; transferred all major, rotary-wing maintenance to Guadlaljara (Jikisco); and moved major, fixed-wing maintenance to Cuernavaca (Morelos) and Toluca (Mexico State). PGR continues to conduct intermediate and field maintenance at Acapulco (Guerrero), Chetumal (Quintana Roo), Chihuahua (Chihuahua State), Chilpancingo (Guerrero), Chetmural (Quintana Roo), Chihuahua (Chihuahua State), Chilpancingo (Guerrero), Culiacan (Sinaloa), Hermosillo (Sonora), Oaxaca (Oaxaca State), Tapachula (Chiapas), and Urapan (Michoacan). Embassy personnel visited facilities in Mexico City, Guadalajara, Acapulco, Chilpancingo, and Chetmumal, noting them to be efficiently maintained and operated.

C-26 Aerial Interdiction-NAS officials supported four C-26 surveillance aircraft belonging to the Secretariat of National Defense (SEDENA). SEDENA personnel complied with all phase inspections, service bulletins, and airworthiness directives, and completed repairs to transform the aircraft to fully operational status. NAS officials sponsored training for aircraft and sensor maintenance personnel, image analysts, and pilots. Post arranged for full equipping of a sensor maintenance facility. Consequently, SEDENA personnel have started participating in combined GOM interdiction operations coordinated with the Embassy's Information Analysis Center (IAC).

Computer Equipment

The NAS turned over thirty-three computers and printers to the SIU in 2001. All equipment is in working condition and being used at SIU facilities in Mexico City to further narcotics-related investigations. NAS personnel and DEA monitor the equipment during routine visits.

The NAS arranged for the delivery and installation of computers, software, and communications equipment for the Advanced Passenger Information System (APIS) at facilities near Monterrey. To date, the Mexican Government has delayed full entry into operation of the system pending resolution of an unrelated issue involving sharing of U.S. export declaration data with GOM officials. U.S. and Mexican officials continue to work to resolve this issue.

The Mexican Office of the Attorney General established the Special Unit of the Prosecutor for Money Laundering in 2001. In 2002, NAS provided computer hardware, including workstations and servers, and software to support the unit's analytical efforts.

The institution-building project of the PGR's Center for Planning, Analysis, and Intelligence Against Organized Crime (CENAPI) (formerly known as the National Drug Control Planning Center (CENDRO)) involved installation of a significantly upgraded center, design and installation of state-of-the-art voice and data communications lines, and a new system architecture. The activity resulted in the purchase and installation of over 350 individual computer workstations, nine servers, enhanced systems management software, refurbishment of alarm systems, and more powerful analytical software. The system will become a nation-wide data network with access to drug-related criminal information for the PGR.

A business intelligence analytical package has been installed that allows CENAPI analysts to report automatically to other elements of the PGR on significant developments and strategic trends. All major systems remain operational and are properly used and maintained. Post anticipates that future support will include revamping of other analytical offices as well as providing extensive support for software for temporal and spatial analysis of criminal activities in Mexico to posture limited resources and multiply their impact in combating federal crimes.

In 2003, the NAS donated five computers to Casa Amiga, a Ciudad Juarez organization which helps victims of domestic violence and trafficking. Casa Amiga has relocated all donated computers to their new building. The equipment remains in use.

From 1996 to 2005, NAS personnel purchased and installed computer equipment at the Financial Investigative Unit (FIU). The NAS visited the FIU and verified the proper use and maintenance of the equipment. The equipment is operational but is becoming obsolete.

In April 2005, 37 personal computers, monitors, printers and modems were donated to 19 offices of the Secretariat of Health's National Commission for Protection Against Health Ricks (COFEPRIS) throughout Mexico to track imports of precursor chemicals and controlled medicines. COFEPRIS personnel implemented stricter standards for issuance of import permits, reducing by forty percent the level of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine imported legally into Mexico by pharmaceutical companies.

The NAS and the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation developed "Sim Fronteras" (border simulation) software for use at 21 Mexican ports of entry. Mexico will use "Sim Fronteras" to analyze and model changes in infrastructure and staffing at land-border crossings. The first "Sim Fronteras" Technology Transfer Agreement and Technology Transfer Center became operational in Monterrey (Nuevo Leon).

The Special Investigative Unit (SIU) at the Merida Resident office possesses the following equipment: two laptops (under repair), two monitors (one under repair), one CPU, one scanner, two printers. The Mazatlan vetted unit has 4 laptops, 2 GPS, on scanner, two printers. The SIU in Ciudad Juarez has two printers, one scanner, two monitor, two CPU's.

The computer hardware and software, work stations and servers provided to the Office of the Special Prosecutor for Money Laundering to support analytical efforts is in good condition and used for its intended purposes.

The hardware and software equipment provided to the Federal Investigative Agency (AFI) supports analysis, investigations, and prosecution of major federal crimes. NAS personnel routinely visit the AFI compound and confirm the proper use of the equipment.

Vehicles

The 55 vehicles donated to the PGR are subject to relocation. DEA, NAS, and other Embassy personnel monitor such vehicles randomly during visits to different cities in Mexico. To enhance investigative operations, PGR manages frequent transfer of such vehicles from one city to another in Mexico. The fleet consists of Jettas, VW sedans, Nissan pickups, Kawasaki and Yamaha motorcycles. NAS personnel verify the locations of the vehicles once the transfers are completed. A number of these vehicles are unserviceable. Mexico officials will identify these vehicles for replacement. A vehicle replacement schedule is currently under study by DEA, NAS, and the GOM.

The NAS donated 12 Ford Lobo pick-up trucks to the AFI headquarters. The PGR, with DEA and NAS concurrence, exchanged them for other less visible vehicles.

One Volkswagon Pointer, one Dodge Ram, one Ford F-250 pickup, and one Kawasaki motorcycle were turned over to the SIU at the Mazatlan location. One Kawasaki motorcycle, and one Chevrolet Silverado pick-up are at the vetted unit in Merida.

Three NAS-funded X-ray vehicles operated in the passenger luggage-handling areas at airports in Mexico City, Tijuana (Baja California), and Cancun (Quintana Roo), detecting bulk shipments of drug-related proceeds. The Secretariat of Finqance and Public Credit relocated the Tijuana X-ray van at mid-year to the Mexico City airport to back up the overworked unit there. The vans detected $4.4 million in contraband currency during the reporting year.

The Federal Investigative Agency inaugurated three USG-provided Mobile VACIS trucks in November with a demonstration for President Fox of the vehicles' ability to detect contraband cargo in containerized trucks. All three vehicles began operating at unannounced locations throughout Mexico.

In April 2005, NAS personnel, working with Embassy DEA arranged for the delivery to the Federal Investigative Agency (AFI) of a specially designed and built Clandestine Laboratory Vehicle. The vehicle is used by a newly-established AFI Chemical Response Team to conduct raids on laboratories, especially those used for the production of methamphetamines.

In 2005, post delivered special gamma-ray inspection vehicles to the Mexican Government to establish Mobile Interdiction Teams to check vehicles for explosives, drugs, and other contraband at strategic locations in Mexico.

The following vehicles were donated to the SIU's in 2005: one Ford F-250 truck; 4 Lobo Crew Cabs; 4 Exployer Limited; 4 Freestar LX base; 11 Mondeo; 3 Ford F-25 XL; 8 Yamaha Motorcycles.

Defense Articles

Vehicles-506 (A) (2)-A fleet of 45 vehicles provided to the PGR under 1991 506 (A) (2) includes 12 pickup trucks (including cisterns), 10 transport vehicles, 8 maintenance trailers, 4 support vehicles, 4 military transport vehicles and 10 transport trucks. Normal usage combined with wear and tear of operating in remote and rugged locations has left two of these vehicles inoperable. Vehicles in this category perform services at permanent locations and are not rotated as frequently as pickup trucks.

The NAS will remove the inoperable military vehicles, two support trucks, and five pickups from the inventory and dispose of them per LOA and USG regulations. The NAS program coordinator is working with the PGR in assessing all of the support equipment. Some of the equipment on the NAS inventory is old and should be replaced. The NAS will conduct an assessment of current equipment, i.e., pick-up trucks, trailers, tanker trucks that was provided under security assistance programs to determine proper disposition.

Communications Equipment

A Secure Electronic Network for Traveler's Rapid Inspection (SENTRI)access lanes was opened at border crossings at Tijuana (Baja California) and Mexicali (Baja California), Nogales (Sonora), Nuevo Laredo (Tamauoipas), and Matamoros (Tamaulipas) and Iudad Juarez's Zaragoza Bridge.

In 2005, a Voice over Internet Protocol (VOIP) telecommunications was installed at the Federal Investigative Agency (AFI) of the Office of the Attorney General (PGR). It has reduced AFI's long distance telephone bills by 60 percent and constitutes a highlight of NAS support to AFI. The NAS Program Coordinator and other NAS officials conducted frequent visits to AFI and observed the proper functioning and use of the equipment.

The NAS Program Coordinator verified the transfer of equipment provided earlier to the now-disbanded Specialized Unit Against Drug Crimes (FEADS) to the National Center for Analysis, Planning, and Intelligence (CENAPI). The equipment remains in use.

Miscellaneous

In 2002, the NAS donated two used ION Scanners to the Federal Preventive Police (PFP) and four CT-30 inspection kits to the Mexican Navy.

In 2003, the NAS procured Non-Intrusive Inspection Equipment (NIIE) for use by the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit in inspecting container trucks, railroad cars, and other cargo for illicit contraband. The NIIE includes one railroad VACIS machine, five portal VACIS machines, three mobile X-ray vans, and one pallet VACIS machine. The three mobile X-ray vans and one pallet VACIS machine were delivered in late 2003. The use of the VACIS units resulted in almost 16 million dollars of confiscated currency in 2005.

In 2005, post continued efforts with the PGR Forensics Laboratory to explore analytical techniques to identify different types of opium poppy plants cultivated in Mexico. The NAS project coordinator monitored laboratory equipment during visits to Culiacan (Sinaloa) and "El Caracol," conforming intended use of such equipment to support the opium yield survey.

Videocassette recorder, binoculars, digital cameras, paper shredder, scanners are used by the SIU vetted units. One recorder and two cameras were found missing during routine inspections.

Impact

Program support provided in 2005 contributed to the Mexican Government's impressive efforts against drug trafficking, terrorism, and other organized crimes affecting the citizens of both countries. The United States and Mexico achieved unprecedented levels of cooperation in fighting such crimes. Mexican authorities attained impressive results in capturing leaders of major drug trafficking organizations, disrupting the ability of these groups to smuggle and distribute illicit drugs on both sides of the border. They seized impressive amounts of illicit drugs, bulk shipments of cash, and weapons. The Office of the Attorney General and the Secretariat of National Defense carried out robost eradication campaigns against opium poppy and marijuana crops, with the PGR conducting aerial spraying of drug fields with paraquat and SEDENA deploying up to 35,000 troops at any one time to destroy crops manually.

The GOM conducted robust eradication of marijuana and opium poppy crops; the PGR performed aerial spraying of drug fields; and SEDENA deployed up to 30,000 to destroy the illicit crop manually.

Control of diversion of precursor chemicals improved considerably during the past two years with COFEPRIS establishing new offices around the country and reducing the legal imports of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine by 40 percent. Officials at AFI and the Center for Analysis, Planning, and Intelligence (CENAPI) of the PGR continued to develop first-rate cadres of investigators to collect and analyze information on drug trafficking, kidnapping, and other organized crimes. These entities now possess state-of-the-art analytical and investigative tools as part of major institution building efforts supported the U.S. Government. U.S. and Mexican law enforcement personnel routinely share sensitive information to capture and prosecute leaders of major drug trafficking organizations and to seize important shipments of illicit drugs. President Fox and attorney General Daniel Cabeza de Vaca have striven to identify and root out corruption among federal police officials.

PANAMA CITY

Procedures

End Use Monitoring is performed throughout the year by all NAS personnel under the coordination of the NAS Program Assistant. Announced on-site visits to primary recipients of NAS assistance were performed by the Program Assistants. Random visits and meetings with GOP agency directors were performed by PSC counternarcotics Maritime Technical, Law Enforcement Advisors, NAS Program Manager, and NAS Director to discuss the status and priorities of donated assets. The GOP and NAS share responsibilities for maintenance for INL donate assets. The NAS continues to dispose of items that have been returned non-functioning/non-repairable at the GSO embassy auctions.

Status

Computer and Office Equipment

Judicial Technical Police (PTJ)-Most of the computer equipment is located at the main office in Panama City and the Tocumen International Airport, Gelabert Domestic Airport Counternarcotics office, and PTJ's Anti-Narcotics Division in Colon and PTJ's office Anti-narcotics Division. Computer equipment is used by anti-narcotics personnel to compile investigative information, gather statistics on drug-related crimes and seizures, and update records on detained individuals. All equipment is in good condition. Items from the UIF have been transferred to the PTJ Narcotics Unit. Some outdated equipment is still in good working condition. Other equipment will requires replacement.

Judicial Identification Center-NAS Panama has donated one computer, enabling the NAS to obtain police records for compliance with the 487 certification program.

Ministry of Economy and Finance-The NAS donated a scanner, a digital camera, computers, printer and a combination lock safe.

Banking Superintendency (previously the National Banking Commission)- INL has provided modems, software, hard disks, Simms memory chips (for the server), 32 UPS', and additional equipment required to make the existing USAID-donated computer system operational. Other NAS-funded computer equipment includes a Pentium server, Pentium workstations with UPS, and data base software. INL recently donated 20 desktop computers, 10 laptops, 30 printers and 1 projector. Superintendent personnel use equipment to conduct banking regulatory activities and to share information with the Financial Analysis Unit. All INL-donated equipment is in good working condition.

Ministry of Education Drug Prevention-INL items donated to the Ministry of Education Drug Prevention include office furniture and equipment such as desks, chairs, tables, filing cabinets, fax machine, copier, computer, typewriters, etc. Equipment is located at the Drug Prevention Office in the Ministry of Education Building located in downtown Panama City or at the Drug Education and Information Center (CENAID) at Albrook. The majority of donated items is in fair condition. Some require replacement since they are outdated. In CY-2004, INL donated manuals, books, school supplies, computer accessories and a scanner. The equipment is used to support the Ministry of Education's demand reduction programs and to assist students and teachers. The project focuses on assisting the ministry in training youth leaders, supporting the highly successful trainers workshops. CENAID's donated items are in good condition.

Immigration and Naturalization (DNMN)-In 2003, INL donated 51 passport readers to improve processing at ports of entry. Immigration has been confronting problems trying to get the passport readers to interface with the current program installed. The NAS is working to resolve this problem. INL purchased 28 computers for the Directorate of Immigration and Naturalization (DMN) Department in December 1996. This equipment constitutes only a small part of an automated lookout system. The computers are being used as stand-alone word processing units throughout Immigration headquarters. The computers enable Immigration to maintain records and correspondence. Forty passport printers were donated in 2004. They are in the process of being installed. Once the passport printers are installed, they will enable the detection of fraudulent documents entering or transiting into the United States.

Financial Analysis Unit (FAU)-INL donated computer hardware, software, and all office equipment to implement a Panama City Office and upgrade an existing computer LAN in the Colon Free Zone administrative office. The equipment includes 28 computers, software, and Pentium servers. In 1998, the NAS provided additional computer equipment: 16 computer workstations, five printers, a fax machine, a typewriter Pentium server, Oracle software, Simms memory chips. The equipment is used by the FAU personnel to input suspicious transaction reports and to analyze such reports to detect money laundering patterns. Maintenance is the responsibility of the FAU and appears to be adequate. The NAS donated new computer equipment in 2000, 2001, and 2004 to upgrade the FAU's server and computer network. This upgrade includes a sophisticated analytic program to detect money-laundering patterns better. Maintenance of all items is excellent.

The National Commission for the Prevention Rehabilitation and Study of Drug Addiction (CONAPRED)-INL-funded equipment consists of computer hardware and printers, office furniture and equipment such as telephones and fax machines. Equipment is located at the CONAPRED office in downtown, Panama City. Equipment is used by CONAPRED officials and volunteers in conducting demand reduction seminars and for the dissemination of anti-drug information. The NAS also helped establish CONAPRED's Chemical Control Commission by donating furniture, a copier, fax, and telephone. The vast majority of the items is outdated and will require replacement. The NAS is in the process of purchasing modular furniture for their offices.

CAIP-The Interagency Narcotics Unit (CAIP) (formerly JICC) is fully operational and capable of exchanging information with law enforcement officials throughout Panama. All equipment is located in the former Howard Air Force Base. The computers are used by JICC personnel for information collection, analysis and dissemination and to exchange information with law enforcement officials throughout Panama and with DEA's El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC). Maintenance of all equipment has been excellent. Newer equipment is in good working condition. The unit is preparing to return computer equipment which is in fair condition.

The Guardian Intel system has been installed and configured. It has contributed to successful seizures during the past year. The unit requires six additional local computer terminals since they intend to extend dissemination to Albrook, Paso Canoas, Panamanian National Police in Darien, National Maritime Service in Rodman, and the PTJ Narcotics Unit. No items were donated during CY-2004. The acting JICC director has requested anti-virus programs and software licenses for updating data.

National Air Service (SAN)-INL-funded equipment consists of computers, printers, and a UPS. All equipment is based out of the SAN's headquarters at Tocumen Airport, with the exception of one fuel pump that is with San Operatives in Darien Province. The equipment is used to support surveillance activity and to maintain the SAN's counterdrug database. INL-funded equipment is in generally good working condition. The SAN maintains excellent records and accountability of INL donated equipment. Computer equipment has been maintained and serviced. Most of the computers need to be upgraded.

National Maritime Service (SMN)-INL funded a desktop and a laptop computer. The computers remain in working condition. In 2004, post donated printers, cartridges, faxes, and copiers. Lack of maintenance and upkeep of equipment has been noticed during the visits. The discrepancies can be attributed, in part, to the lack of budget and low morale on the behalf of the troops. With the creation of the Narcotics Adviser and leadership of the SMN, post looks forward to improvements.

Drug Prosecutor's Office-The NAS provided a computer, printer, scanner, and fax machines, a photocopier, other office furniture, three digital cameras, and UPS for the use of the Deputy Drug Prosecutor. The equipment is located in the Avesa building in downtown Panama and in their Colon office. The equipment is used for maintaining files and building databases in support of prosecution of drug related/money laundering cases. The equipment is well kept and maintained and is being used for its intended purpose.

Colon Free Zone Administration (CFZ)-Computer equipment was donated to the CFZ administration office in 1996. All computer equipment is being used and in good working condition at the administration office. CFZ officials were very helpful in enabling the inspection of the donated equipment.

National Commission for Criminal Statistics Analysis (CONADEC)-The NAS provided CONADEC a server and several computers. It also provided Oracle software so that CONADEC would be compliant with the Oracle software used by other GOP entities. The agency is charged with collecting criminal statistics. The equipment remains in fair condition. CONADEC has changed location. The expansion of this office will require more computer equipment. National statistics are being obtained more expeditiously, thus enabling the public forces to operate more effectively.

Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) Office-The NAS has provided computers, printers, UPS and other word processing equipment. Most of the equipment donated was available and in good working condition.

National Air Service (SAN)-The GPS, computer equipment, printer and fax are maintained at the SAN headquarters at Tocumen Airport. The equipment has been kept in good condition.

Department of Civil Aeronautics-INL donated a computer, cell phones monitor and CPU. The equipment is maintained at the Director's Airport Security Section. A cell phone was reported missing. A termination letter was provided to the employee who neglected this item.

Panama National Police-Computer equipment, cell phones, printers, digital cameras, video cameras, binoculars were donated to the Panama National Police located at the various counternarcotics offices located in Panama City and in the interior of the city. All equipment is well-maintained.

10th Fiscalia (Intellectual Property Rights)-NAS donated equipment consists of a film projector, a copier, a cable modem and internet. All equipment is in excellent condition.

Communications Equipment

During CY-2005, the NAS completed a project to improve communications inter-operability within Panama's Public Forces. This equipment will facilitate inter-agency coordination efforts. The NAS also provided radios to the National Police, Maritime Service, and Civil Aviation Authority. The later will be used to enhance security at the Albrook airport.

Communications equipment was provided to the Judicial Technical Police in 2004 for use by the Vetted Unit.

Vehicles

Two 30-passenger buses were donated to the National Maritime Service for support of prisoner transfer programs.

Pickups provided to the Riverine Operations Unit (UMOF) are in excellent condition. The Jeep Cherokee provided to Cruz Blanca has been sold. The proceeds will go back into the INL program. The passenger vans donated to the DNMN in 2005 are in good working condition. The canine unit received a pickup truck and trailer. They are in good condition.

Vessels

Two Donzi patrol boats were donated to the National Maritime Service (SMN) in 2005. These will provide the SMN with an enhanced capability to respond to go-fast events. NAS-funded rehabilitation of the SMN patrol boat Panquiaco has been completed. The NAS is rehabilitating the SMN's fleet of 82- foot patrol boats. This project will see each boat go through a major maintenance overhaul that extends the life of each boat by about 10 years. The NAS purchased a new air conditioner system for the 180' "Independencia" and for the 82' Point Class Cutters.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Video equipment, two gasoline pumps, and binoculars were donated to the SAN; office furniture/equipment, bulletproof vests, fax machine, video equipment, tape recorders, raid jackets, bulletproof vests, and a shredder were donated to the PTJ; telephones, fax machine, and a photocopier were donated to CONAPRED and the Drug Prosecutor's Office; desks, fax machines and typewriters were donated to the Ministry of Education Drug Prevention Office and to the FAU; a refrigerator and fax machine were donated to the Colon Free Zone (CFZ); a PowerPoint projector and fax machines were donated to the SMN. The equipment is well maintained. However, the photocopier continues to require repair frequently. It appears to be approaching the end of its useful life.

Construction

The National Drug Abuse Prevention Commission (CONAPRED) and Chemical Control Commission (CCQ) offices were refurbished and moved to a new location. The Guabala checkpoint construction project was inaugurated in January 2006. The National Police Motorpool project Meteti is under construction and scheduled for completion in FY-06.

Canine Unit

The NAS donated 42 trained detection dogs (narcotics and bomb dogs) in 2005 to the National Panamanian Police (PNP). These dogs are housed at the PNP K-9 headquarters near Tocumen International Airport. The NAS has expanded the kennel facilities to accommodate all the canines in the program. The NAS is providing medical care to include day-to-day medical care; develop a pharmacy; train the local veterinarian in the proper usage of medication; and maintain a canine medical program. Three dogs were transferred to the new checkpoint facility to assist members of the PNP, PTJ, and Customs in the daily vehicle search.

Post donated a mobile kennel and housing unit. This unit has the capability to house up to 8 dogs and handlers, kennels for up to 8 dogs, sleeping quarters for up to 8 handlers, lavatory and shower facility, and kitchen preparation area. This unit allows the K-9 teams to operate in rural areas for extended periods of time. The dogs are included in interdiction operations. Post has received great cooperation from the members of the PNP.

Problems

Overall, NAS provide commodities have been properly used and maintained by Panamanian government counterparts. On the whole, these agencies provide better care to USG-funded items than they do to similar items purchased with GOP funds. However, there is a lack of capability within GOP entities to provide long-term maintenance for most items. This requires support from manufacturers for items under warranty, or from NAS for other items. The source/origin requirements often limit post's ability to obtain proper warranty support for NAS-funded commodities, particularly vehicles and high-tech equipment. Post is seeking to improve the lifespan of NAS-funded commodities through investments in training and maintenance of equipment for counterparts.

Impact

Over the past three years, the NAS has dramatically expanded the scope of its programs. Overall, post's assistance has been used effectively to improve Panamanian capabilities to interdict illegal narcotics and other illicit activities and improve security of ports of entry and borders.

By improving the communications ability of all services and providing interconnect ability, post has strengthened the public forces ability to carry out joint operations at borders and key ports of entry to Panama. NAS has also amplified involvement with profile identification training and detection of psychological behavioral patterns, drug interdiction courses and tactical LE training that are aimed at proving individual skills of Panama's forces.

The purchase of vehicles and boats for various agencies has improved their ability to conduct patrols and respond to incidents both in a maritime and terrestrial setting.

Projects such as the implementation of a Risk Analysis Unit (RAU) under the Panamanian Customs Service and the Guabala checkpoint are aimed at controlling the movement of illegal and high risk goods through Panama's maritime and land borders. The RAU provides the GOP with the ability to profile high risk cargo in its seaports and to inspect it. The Guabala checkpoint gives Panama public forces a key checkpoint from which they can control the movement of persons and cargo through their land border with Costa Rica and the rest of Central America.

The infrastructure improvements to the police base in the Darien increase the PNP's ability to be self sufficient in the region and provide better logistical support to its Forward Operating Locations throughout the Darien.

NAS panama has expanded its workload and resources since the addition of Personal Services Contractors. Projects included are the Police Modernization Project, the Communications Project, Checkpoint Project, Risk Analysis Unit Project, the Maritime Project, and the INCREDIFA project. These resources have increased post's ability to effectively monitor programs. Post enjoys an excellent relationship with host country counterparts. Post has exceeded in expanding its contacts at the working level.

SAN JOSE

Procedures

The Embassy's Narcotics Affairs Officer, DEA special agents, and the Office of the Defense Representative periodically visit Costa Rican counterdrug installations and verify the proper use and continued maintenance of equipment acquired with International Narcotics Control funds. The Drug Control Police (PCD), Narcotics Section, Financial Crimes Unit, and Cybercrimes Unit of the Organization for Judicial Investigations (OIJ), Costa Rican Coast Guard (SNGC), Air Surveillance Section (SVA), Costa Rican Institute Against Drugs (ICD), formerly CICAD, used such equipment in their operations according to the terms of the Letter of Agreement (LOA's) signed with the GOCR counternarcotics operations. Regular monitoring of INL-supported projects provides an on-going opportunity for specific End Use Monitoring, program evaluation, and identification of additional ways to increase program effectiveness.

Embassy San Jose INL Section maintains an inventory of donated property using an Excel spreadsheet. The Embassy's Information Systems Center continues to work on creating a program to transfer the inventory system from the Excel spreadsheet to a new database to facilitate the issuance of reports. Post's INL section has been using its own numbering and label system to keep track of items donated since April 2003 as NEPA (Non-expendable property application) labels can no longer be used for INL purchased items. All donated equipment is also documented with a specific donation document signed by an Embassy representative and the senior official from the recipient GOCR agency. The document specifies the equipment being donated and notes the inventory and manufacturer's serial number.

Status

Patrol Boats

Six 24-ft Rigid Hull Inflatable (RHI) fast patrol craft were transferred to the Coast Guard in 2002. Each RHI is equipped with two Honda 130 HP outboard engines and complete rigging, electronics, and safety equipment. None are operational. The RHI is a multi-mission vessel that allows the Costa Rican Coast Guard to conduct coastal maritime law enforcement operations. None of these vessels are operational. These vessels have experienced numerous problems with the inflatable section of the hull. They will be auctioned with proceeds going to the INL program.

Three 82-foot decommissioned USCG cutters were transferred to the GOCR Coast Guard in 1999 and 2001. The Costa Rican Coast Guard ships are named Juan Rafael Mora, Juan Santamaria, and Pancha Carrasco. Juan Santamaria is stationed in the Atlantic port town of Limon; Juan Rafael Mora is stationed in the Pacific town of Puntarenas; and the Pancha Carrasco is stationed in the southern Pacific coast town of Golfito. All ships are operational and being used for their intended purpose.

Two 26-foor fiberglass fast boats were donated to the Ministry of Public Security in 2002. Each fast boat is equipped with two 120 horsepower Mercruiser diesel engines, complete rigging, electronics, and safety equipment. They are both operational.

Vehicles

In 2003, post purchased two Toyota RAV-4s for donation to the Organization for Judicial Investigations (OIJ) to conduct undercover operations. The vehicles are being used for their intended purposes.

INL funded 50 percent of a Ford F-250 in 2003 to allow the SNGC to transport patrol craft to the different Coast Guard stations within the country. It was funded with the understanding from the SNGC that this vehicle would be subject to the same End Use Monitoring requirements as any other vehicle purchased with INL funds. It is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2002 and 2003, INL provided vehicles and equipment for the Ministry of the Presidency's Mobile Enforcement Team (MET). INL funded the purchase of a customized utility truck, utility van, two motorcycles, trailer, a Honda generator, tools, and equipment for the vehicles. The MET conducts counternarcotics operations as well as a number of cross-border training exercises with counterparts in Nicaragua and Panama. Mechanical problems have plagued the truck, particularly its transmission. During 2005, the MET deployed less frequently than 2004.

Post donated a Ford E-150 8-passenger van to the PCD in 2003 to support operations throughout the country. The van is being used for its intended purpose. A Ford E 350 15-passenger van was also procured for the MPS K-9 facility located at the Juan Santamaria International Airport in San Jose. Tools were provided for the van. They are kept in a locked box inside the van and a single officer is in charge of the inventory. This equipment has provided a significant morale boost to the K-9 unit and has allowed it to be deployed anywhere in the country.

Computers

Between 2001-2004, INL donated the following equipment to the OIJ Narcotics Section: 7 Dell computers, Canon Digital copier, 4 Jaguar computers with viewsonic monitors, 2 Jaguar high performance Pentium IV computers, 2 PC 800 monitor TFT LCD, 3 HP deskjet printers, 59 recorders, 1 laserjet printer, 2 Sony digital photo printers, 2 Epson digital cameras, 2 Sony digital photoprinters, 2 Epson digital cameras, 2 Sony digital camcorders, 2 cassette duplicating equipment, 6 double cassette decks, 2 micro recorder eyeglass case, 3 Sony micro cassette transcribing machines, 4 DTMF recorder kits, 1 Honda generator, 2 Sony parabolic microphone handheld, 8 Siemens telephones, 6 AM/FM stereo radio cassette recorders, 2 Black & Decker cordless rechargeable drills, 1 apple computer with CD Rom and DVD recorder, and monitor. The equipment is located at the OIJ Narcotics Section offices.

The equipment is being used to support on-going counternarcotics operatives/initiatives. One of the Sony digital camcorders was stolen in May 2003. The 6 double cassette decks were not suitable for their intended purpose. OIJ Narcotics Section returned them to their procurement office. They were distributed as follows: 1 to the Limon court; 1 to the Guapiles court and 4 remain in their procurement office in San Jose.

Post donated 7 Dell computers, a Cannon digital copier, 4 Jaguar computers, 2 Jaguar high performance Pentium IV computers, an Apple computer with monitor and DVD recorder, 3 HP desktop printers, 1 laserjet printer, and 2 Sony digital photo printers. The equipment is located at OIJ Narcotics Section offices around the country and is being used to support ongoing counternarcotics operations/initiatives.

In 2002, post donated a Compaq computer, Toshiba laptop computer, HP office jet printer, Sony digital camera, and a Sony camcorder to the Costa Rican Coast Guard (SNGC). The equipment is located at the Coast Guard station in Golfito. It is being used for its intended purpose. In 2002, post funded the installation of a computer network for the Ministry of the Presidency (CICAD). This network allows computers previously donated in 2001 to be linked, thereby dramatically increasing their effectiveness and ability to share and disseminate information.

The network, computers, and printers at Costa Rica's JICC are being properly maintained and used for their intended purposes. In 2002, post donated computers and peripherals consisting of a Jaguar computer with viewsonic monitor, Microsoft software, HD DeskJet printer to the Ministry of Health. The equipment is in the office in San Jose. It is being used for its intended purpose. In 2001-2003, post donated computers and peripherals to the various Departments within the Ministry of Public security. All computers are being used for their intended purposes. The computer equipment located at the OIJ Narcotics Section offices in San Jose is being used daily in support of ongoing counterdrug operations/initiatives.

In 2001 and 2003, INL donated 3 Jaguar Pentium III computers, HP deskjet printer, HP scanjet scanner, 3 UPS, two 24-switch port, 2 optical fiber converters, Sony digital camcorder, Sony video tape, Sony flash/video light, and memory stick to the OIJ's K-9 unit in Heredia. They are properly maintained and used for their intended purposes.

In CY-02, post funded the purchase of computers and peripherals consisting of a Jaquar computer with monitor, Micxrosoft XP and antivirus software, HP desk jet printer, Epson printer, and a Powerlite LCD projector. The computer is supplementing a Dell computer and monitor donated in CY-00. This equipment was originally donated to the Ministry of Health which at the time had responsibility for precurser chemical control. In 2004, the Precursors Chemicals Office was moved from the Health Ministry to the new ICD's headquarters. The computers and peripherals are now located in this building and continue to be used for their intended purposes.

Post furnished financial administrative software to enhance CICAD's operational capabilities. The software was recently delivered and will be installed in ICD's computer.

Post funded the purchase of computer software in 2003 that will enable ICD to electronically communicate with the DEA El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC) using the DEA. The software has had numerous problems and is currently fulfilling 65% of its intended function. ICD officials believe the developer will be able to complete the installation of this software in 2006.

The Jaguar and Apple computers are installed in the PCD's Counternarcotics Information Center (CIPA) in San Jose. The 4-port analog module is installed at the Ministry of Public Security. The Optiplex computer is used to support the growing number of electronic wire intercept investigations being worked with the prosecutor's office. All equipment is being used for its intended purpose.

In CY-02, post donated 1 Jaguar computer, 3 HP foldable keyboards for HP IPAQ pocket PC, and 1 piece of specialist transmission/reception equipment to the Child Sexual Exploitation Unit of the Prosecutor's Office. A voltage spike burned out the Jaguar computer in 2004; the rest is being used for its intended purposes.

In CY-05, post donated a Toshiba laptop Epson Printer, and video projector to the Instructor Development Section of the Police Academy.

Communications Equipment

In 2002, post funded the purchase of a new communications network for the SNGC and SVA bases, vessels, and aircraft. The system is still operational. ICE (the state-owned telecommunications monopoly) has provided the frequencies to the vendor on two separate occasions. However, upon testing, it was determined the frequencies were being used by other parties. The vendor has been slow to provide equipment. Post and the Ministry of Public Security officials are reviewing legal options against the vendor. Previously, post had reported that over 50 percent of the funds for this purchase had not been released. Upon closer review of the records, it appears that over 70 percent of the funds for this project had been released as of 2003.

Canine Units

In CY-2003, post contracted with CSI International for five narcotics detection dogs with a one-year training and certification package. The contract called for the delivery of five narcotics detection dogs and an initial two-week training course, followed by monthly follow-up training leading to certification. One of the dogs died of chronic ehrlichiosis (transmitted by infected ticks) in June 2004. Another dog needed surgery for coxofemoral dysplasia in 2005. MPS K9 handlers were certified in September 2004. CSI has not followed through on promises to address concerns about the quality of the dogs it provided. Post will not consider CSI for further procurements.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Five complete contraband detector kits or "busters" were donated to the PCD. The "busters" are being used on a daily basis. Two of the kits are currently deployed with PCD units located at the Penas Blancas and Paso Cancas border checkpoints. One is in possession of the DEA for re-calibration and the remaining two are at the PCD headquarters in San Jose. This equipment has proven effective in detecting cocaine secreted in hidden compartments, the fuel tanks and tires of tractor trailers crossing into Costa Rica. An additional kit used for training by Post's Customs Adviser position was vacated due to lack of funds. All of these detectors are heavily used and getting old. Costly re-calibration of the density meters is required with increasing frequency. One of the density meters (belonging to the kit donated in 2004) was lost during an inspection.

In 2002, post donated 60 optical passport readers, 5 mobile inspection terminals and funded the development of software for the immigration department. The optical passport readers are located at the Juan Santamaria and Daniel Oduber, and Tobias Bolanos International Airports, Ports of Putarenas, Limon and Quepos. Three mobile inspection terminals are located in the Ports of Limon, and Puntarenas and are rotated between ports. Two are maintained at the San Juan Office to be deployed randomly throughout the country. The software is performing as expected. One of the mobile passport readers was damaged by a water leak in a water pipe in the ceiling above the reader. Post is looking into options for repairing the reader.

In 2003, post donated 215 immigration seals with enhanced security features and 25 liters of security ink to the Ministry of Public Security's Migration Director. Migration is running a pilot program with the seals at the Juan Santa Mario International airport. The seals have never been used. There is insufficient ink to use the seals. There are restrictions on using international vendors when the product has law enforcement uses and no Costa Rica companies produce this kind of ink. Post has decided to fund the ink to get the program up and running.

In 2000, INL donated tactical rappelling harnesses helmets, gloves, and goggles to the Drug Control Police (PCD). This equipment has been used in marijuana eradication efforts (Operation Central skies). It allows agents access to areas that otherwise would be inaccessible. This equipment has been maintained by the PCD. The harnesses have exceeded their useful life and will no longer be monitored.

In 2003, INL donated duty holsters, duty belts, double magazine pouches, universal handcuffs, and flashlights to support PCD officials. The equipment is located at PCD headquarters and at PCD field offices. The equipment is inspected every three months and its use is recorded in the logbook.

In 2002-2003, INL donated eight GPS navigation systems for SVA aircraft, two 6-man aviation life rafts with canopies, and parts. The donated GSP navigation systems have been installed in the aircraft and are functioning properly. The life rafts and maintenance parts are being properly maintained, logged, and used for their intended purposes.

In 2003, INL procured two Epson digital cameras, two Sony digital camcorders, three Sony digital cameras, two Panasonic digital camcorders, 10 Night Vision goggles, five binoculars, 6 double cassette decks, two micro recorders, disguised as cigarette packs, two micro recorders disguised as eyeglass cases, three Sony standard cassette transcribing machines, three Sony microcasette transcribing machines, and two Sony minidvd camcorders to the OIJ Narcotics Section. One of the Sony digital camcorders was stolen and the six double cassette decks proved unsuitable for their original purpose.

In 2003, post funded the purchase of a 3-minute broadcast advertisement. In 2005, post funded a new master video and related material to continue with this program.

Impact

Embassy San Jose engaged in a $2.15 million, three-year SNGS Development Plan with Colombia Supplemental funding ($1.9 million) and post's INL funds ($250,000) since implementation of the maritime agreement and the accompanying MOU. As a result, the SNGC experienced significant growth, increased its operational capability, and has become a more professional organization. In 2005, increased trafficking of narcotics by maritime routes has apparently continued, with 11 incidents and a total of 3,620 kilos of cocaine seized at sea. Another 2,548 were seized in the vicinity of a grounded go-fast boat. Traffickers used Costa Rican flagged fishing boats to smuggle drugs and to provide fuel for other go-fast boats.

Approximately $600,000 in post's INL funds were used in the construction of the Penas Blancas Border checkpoint. Located at a natural checkpoint on the Pan-American Highway, this investment has paid off handsomely, with over 1,000 kilos of cocaine seized since it was formally donated in 2004. Penas Blancas represents a permanent deterrent to overland narcotics traffickers.

The numerous computer systems donated to the various GOCR agencies (over $20,000 in 2005) have increased interagency cooperation by allowing easier communication and information-sharing between agencies. This has led to a more integrated approach to counternarcotics operations and helped address a critical resource shortage.

Undercover surveillance equipment donated by post INL has led to the corroboration of intelligence obtained by the OIJ and the DEA officer safety and resulted in higher conviction rates.

SAN SALVADOR

Procedures

The San Salvador INL program manager notifies Salvadoran law enforcement agencies of all INL donations through official letters. Salvadorian law enforcement agencies assign a control number to each piece of donated equipment and maintain an internal inventory. Post personnel regularly visit the Anti-Narcotics Division (DAN) headquarters of the National Civilian Police (PNC), the Intelligence Counternarcotics Center (JICC), and the Canine Training School (K-9) and monitor closely the status of donated items. Salvadorian cooperation on the monitoring of goods donated by the USG is excellent.

Status

Communications Equipment

The three (3) ICOM VHF Air Band Transceivers donated to the Salvadorian Navy for counternarcotics operations are in good working order and being used as intended. Motorola radios and communications equipment donated to the Police and to the Attorney General's Office are in good working order and used as intended to enhance operations at the new airport office and other ports of entry.

Vehicles

The 76 motorcycles and 20 cars donated to the PNC and the six cars donated to the Attorney General's Office in 2002 remain in excellent condition. These vehicles have been assigned throughout the country and are being used for their intended purposes.

Canine Unit

The Canine Training School constructed by INL is well maintained and properly employed. The thirteen dogs donated to the Police are healthy, well cared for, and being used for their intended purposes.

Computer Equipment

INL purchased twenty (20) desktop computers, eight (8) desktop printers, twenty (20) laptops, two (2) electronic projectors, and miscellaneous software and hardware items. The equipment is installed in the Joint Intelligence Counternarcotics Center and in the Educative Foundation for the Prevention of the Drug Consumption (PREVEE). The equipment is in good working order and has been used for its intended purpose.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Post procured a mobile ion-scan machine in November 2003. The laser-tattoo-removal machine procured in April 2003 and donated to the Salvadoran Government Anti-Gang Prevention Commission (CNSP) was initially functioning poorly, but is currently operating at optimal levels. It provided tattoo removal services for 251 former gang members in 2004. The video and digital cameras and fax machines donated to the Police and to the Attorney General's office are in excellent condition and are being used for their intended purposes.

The field operations equipment (including ballistic vests, battering rams, electronic listening devices, head gear, cameras, and video equipment) is being used for their intended purposes and is in good condition.

Impact

The equipment purchased with INL funds for the use of the Government of San Salvador has increased its ability to carry out its anti-narcotics vision. For example, in 2004, the police seized 2.7 metric tons of cocaine--a twenty percent increase over 2003 seizures. The Government of San Salvador seized $554,113 in drug-linked assets-- an exponential increase over the $33,749 seized in 2003. Cars and motorcycles donated to the police continue to be used to seize narcotics and make arrests.

TEGUCIGALPA

Procedures

End Use Monitoring inspections are conducted on an annual basis with the JICC, the Ministry of Security (MOS), and the Directorate of Special Investigative Services (DGSEI). Constant interaction and communication with these organizations provided post with satisfactory feedback for determining that INL-provided resources are being used appropriately.

Status

Vehicles

Eight motorcycles, one sedan, and two pickups were donated to the Frontier police in 2004. They are all in good condition.

The Elite Unit project, established during the second quarter of 2002, has three Ford pickup Rangers and one Chevrolet pickup located in Tegucigalpa. The vehicles were recently painted. They are in good working condition. They are used throughout the country in support of interdiction operations. Post purchased and received three SUV's (Jeep Cherokees) for canine transportation in 2000. They are in good condition.

Computer Equipment

CEINCO has 12 desktop computers; one laptop, six printers, one server, and three scanners. The server and three desktop computers are outdated and will be discarded. INTERPOL has two desktop computers; the Direccion Gen De Investigacion Criminal has eight desktops computers; PDG has one desktop, and one laptop; FESCO has two desktop computers.

Vessels

The two 36-foot boats and two 25-foot boats in the maritime projects are currently docked. Upon final repairs, the boats will be assigned to the Ministry of Public Security.

Canine Unit

The canine program was transferred to the Frontier Police in July 2003. Canines have been used in several border areas by the Frontier Police with positive results. Training for the handlers and canines along with veterinary services, food, and supplies continue to be maintained by the NAS.

Miscellaneous Items

The Ministry de Seguridad has 100 helmets, 50 bulletproof vests, and an Ion scanner. The DGIC has100 USP's; the PDF has 12 camcorders and 100 cassette recorders.

Problems

Post encountered certain inconsistencies with the canine project. To correct this problem, there were site visits to all the canine units last February. As a result of the trip, positive response and correction of problems were obtained. A re-certification program of the canine unit will be in effect in May 2006.

Impact

Post's projects continue to have a positive impact on host country's overall anti-narcotics efforts. With the actual infrastructure in place and capable of providing effective operational support, results have been positive. During the last three years, Honduras law enforcement has seized more cocaine than in the previous ten years. Through constant monitoring and interaction, a sense of professionalism and accountability has been established with host country counternarcotics organizations.

VANCOUVER

Procedures

Post is monitoring the use of the excess U.S. Customs Service vessel provided to Government of Canada (GOC).

Status

INL transferred an excess U.S. Customs Services vessel to the Government of Canada in October 2002. The vessel, a 1985 Ocean Alexander MKII pilothouse, is fifty feet in length with a twin diesel engine. The vessel is being used by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Integrated Proceeds of Crime (IPOC) section in Vancouver. It is moored in the lower mainland area of Vancouver.

Impact

The vessel has had a positive impact on the antinarcotics mission and the relationship between the United States and Canada law enforcement officials.



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