Post is responsible for the INL-funded program in seven countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Post is also responsible for monitoring equipment provided to the French Department of Martinique. The Narcotics Agent met with Police, the Coast Guard Defense Force, the Financial Intelligence Unit and other officials to review the use of the equipment, training and services provided through NAS funding. Host government officials cooperated fully with End Use Monitoring inspections.
Vehicles-The Barbados Airport Security uses one 2001 Mitsubishi L2000 double cab purchased in support of the C-26 program. The Drug Squad's 1998 Mitsubishi Sedan has transmission problems and has been taken off the road. One 1999 Suzuki Grand Vitari wagon has transmission problems and the other has problems with the brakes. The Nissan X-Trail at the Barbados Information Centre remains in excellent condition.
Communications Equipment-The Sectel telephone and base station at the Coast Guard are working well.
Computer Equipment-Thirty laptops purchased for the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions in 2002 are distributed throughout the court system and used daily. Three laptops, four computers, i2 Analyst's Notebook, four printers, one digital camera and one projector are in use at the Financial Crime Investigations Unit (FCIU). Their plotter has not been set up because of a lack of office space. Barbados Community College Court Reporting Program used 12 computers and three printers. Four computers, two printers, a server, scanner and a fax machine are in use at the Barbados Information Centre (JICC Program). Three monitors have reached the end of their useful lives. The Drug Squad uses one computer and one printer.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The BCC's 22 stenography machines are in need of servicing. However, there are no qualified technicians on the island. The BCC has no funding to send the machines overseas to be serviced. The television, chairs, TV cart, A/C units, keyboard charts are all used extensively. The Barbados Information Center used its security access system, photocopier and shredder, and digital camera. The Drug Squad uses one digital camera.
Uniform and Field Gear-The Coast Guard's night vision goggles, body armor and zoom camera have reached the end of their useful lives. One pair of night vision goggles is in use at the Airport Security.
Vessels-The Coast Guard has replaced the EMMs on H920 RHIB engines and the engines are working well. The 733 RHIB is in good condition. The Boston Whaler has been refurbished and fitted with new engines and is working well.
Vehicles-One 2001 Nissan double cab purchased for the Domica Customs is working well. The1999 Mitsubishi Pajero used in the DARE program was involved in an accident and is awaiting repairs. One 1996 Jeep Cherokee is used by the Marine Unit. The Drug Squad uses one 2002 Nissan double cab and one 1998 Nissan Double Cab. Two Nissan double cabs purchased in 2000 are assigned to the Grand Bay and Portsmouth police stations. One 2000 Mitsubishi Pajero Wagon at the Special Branch is in good condition.
Computer Equipment-The FIU uses four computers, an all-in-one fax machine, i2 Analyst's Notebook, two printers, one laptop and one server. One computer has reached the end of its useful life. One computer and printer in the commissioner's office are working well. Three computers, two printers, and one projector are in use at the Financial Services Unit (FSU). One laser printer at the Drug Squad has reached the end of its useful life.
Comunications Equipment-Two secure Sectel phones located at the Drug Squad and Marine Unit have reached the end of their useful lives. The police have one solar repeater in use. Their hand held-radios and laptop have reached the end of their useful lives.
Maritime Equipment-The 733 RHIB has been fitted with new engines acquired by TAFT and is working well, but the shafts are the incorrect length. TAFT is working to rectify the problem. The 22' Nautica RHIB purchased in 2001 continues to experience engine and fuel tank problems. Two 225 HP engines purchased in 2001 are operational. The Marine Unit requested permission to dispose of two Boston Whalers, which are no longer serviceable.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The Director of Public Prosecutions is using law books and photocopier. The Drug Squad uses two filing cabinets and a shredder. Their photocopier is no longer serviceable. The FIU uses a photocopier, safe, shredder, and five office chairs. One conference table and 12 chairs remain in storage. One photocopier, fax machine, shredder, heavy duty stapler, binding machine and paper cutter are in use at the FSU.
Uniforms and Field Gear-The Customs and Excise Department uses BDUs, boots, flashlights and handcuffs, five binoculars, two spotlights, ten body armor and one digital camera. The Drug Squad uses night vision goggles, binoculars, a digital camera, traffic vests, BDU uniforms, holsters, body armor, flashlights, GPS receivers, rain gear, handcuffs, weapons belts, ponchos, jungle boots, water bottles, two vehicle camouflage nets, six dome tents, inspection mirrors and field compasses. The Marine Unit has 45 life vests, one handheld spotlight, rain gear, night vision goggles, binoculars, body armor, a boarding kit, digital camera and fiber optic viewer.
Vehicles-One 2001 Isuzu double cab at the Marine Police Unit is in good condition. The Police Drug Squad's 2001 Nissan Patrol wagon has a broken headlamp. The Turbo on their 1998 Mitsubishi double cab has not been replaced due to lack of funds. One 2000 Mitsubishi mini bus is used for the DARE program.
Computer Equipment-In 2005, the NAS purchased one projector and one i2 Analyst's Notebook for the Financial Intelligence Authority (FIA), one computer and printer for the Police Community Relations Office (CRO), and two computer, two printers, one laptop and one fax machine for the Police Special Branch. The FIU is using six computers, a fax machine, digital camera, scanner, two printers, and two laptops. Two computers, two printers, one fax machine, printer and scanner are used daily at the Marine Unit. The Drug Squad is making use of one computer and printer at their Vieux Fort location. Two computers and two printers are in use at the Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat (SAACS). The Customs Central Intelligence Unit uses three computers, two scanners, one printer, and one laptop.
Communications Equipment-VHF radios, and one base station are in use at the Marine Unit.
Vessels-The Marine Unit uses one Zodiac H920 "Go Fast" RHIB. The 733 RHIB has a problem with one of the engines, but is operational. One Boston Whaler, which is used mainly for training, is working well.
Uniforms and Field Gear-In 2005, the NAS purchased one comcorder, one digital camera, and ten sets of body armor for the Special Branch, one digital camera for the Drug Squad and six sets of dive gear and ten sets of body armor for the Marine Unit. The Criminal Investigations Department (CID) uses camera equipment, fingerprinting equipment, intoxilyzers and body bags. The Customs Department uses two Night Vision Goggles. The Drug Squad uses 25 sets of uniforms and boots, two Night Vision Goggles and two digital cameras. The Marine Unit uses a camcorder, inspection mirror, fiber optic viewer, flashlight, batons, handcuffs and binoculars. The FIA uses one NVG, one pair of binoculars, three bulletproof vests and a digital camera. The Special Branch is using one NVG.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2005, the NAS purchased a photocopier for the CRO. The FIA uses one conference room table with chairs, four 2-drawer filing cabinets, one safe, six office desks, six chairs, four office chairs, one shredder and two fireproof filing cabinets. Five air conditioning units, one photocopier, shredder, four filing cabinets, lockers, and folding chairs are used daily at the Marine Unit's sub-base in Vieux Fort. The Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat uses armchairs, side chairs, desk, a credenza, and a conference table. One shredder is in use at the Police Special Branch. Law books are in use at the Office of the D.P.P.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Vehicles-The Drug Squad's 1988 Toyota double cab continues to work well. Its 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero wagon recently received a new clutch, but has an oil leak. The 1996 Jeep Cherokee has reached the end of its useful life. One 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero for the Marion House "Right Step Program" remains in good condition. The 1999 Mitsubishi Pajero purchased for the DARE Program is in good condition.
Computer Equipment-In 2005, the NAS purchased one computer and a scanner for the CRO, two laptops, one projector, one scanner, one printer, and one USB flash drive for the FIU. Six computers, one laptop, i2 Analyst's Notebook, one projector, two printers and one scanner are in use at the FIU. The fax machine is unserviceable. The A/G's office uses three computers, one server, two printers, one scanner, one projector, and one photocopier. The Police Narcotics Intelligence Unit has two computers, one fax machine and one printer.
Vessels-Both Zodiac H920 RHIBs at the Coast Guard are in need of new engines. They are not operational. The 733 RHIB is operational, but receiving repairs to its collar.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2005, the NAS purchased one laminator and one binding machine and installed a digital surveillance system for the FIU. One TV/VCR and one slide projector are in use at the Marian House. A security access system, shredder, television, VCR, digital camera, safe and photocopier are in use at the FIU. The Drug Squad uses 24 pairs of bunk beds. The Police Narcotics Intelligence Unit uses one photocopier.
Uniforms and Field Gear-In 2005, the NAS purchased three bulletproof vests, one digital SLR camera, one camcorder, one pair of binoculars and three micro-cassette recorders for the FIU. The Coast Guard uses one NVG, a boarding kit, and flashlights. The body armor, zoom camera, and camcorder have reached the end of their useful lives. Body armor, GPS's, SLB camera, night vision goggles, binoculars, one digital camcorder and flashlights are used daily at the Drug Squad. The FIU uses one digital camera.
Antigua and Barbuda
Vehicles-The Police Drug Squad's Canine Unit is using two 2001 Suzuki vans with dog cages that are in good condition. The Police Drug Squad's 1998 Mitsubishi Pajero needs an alternator. Their 1996 Jeep Cherokee has reached the end of its useful life. The 1999 Nissan Patrol is still in good condition and in use by the police-administered DARE program. The ONDCP's 2003 Toyota Corolla and 2003 Suzuki Vitara wagon are in good condition.
Marine Equipmne-The Coast Guard's H920 RHIB and 733 RHIB are working well. One Boston Whaler is working well and the other is undergoing repairs.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The ONDCP uses four stationery storage cabinets, two portable scanners, nineteen desks and chairs, two fireproof filing cabinets, a fax machine and a typewriter. One 2-drawer safe is in a use at the IFSRA. The Coast Guard uses a digital camera. In 2005, the NAS purchased one portable scale for the Drug Squad.
Uniforms and Field Gear-One pair of night vision goggles is in use at the Defense Force. The Drug Squad uses night vision goggles, portable scanners, cameras binoculars, micro cassette recorders and handcuffs. The ONDCP uses body armor, portable scanners, camera equipment, a camcorder, flashlights, binoculars, night vision goggles and rechargeable spotlights.
Computer Equipment-In 2005, the NAS purchased six laptops for the Financial Services Regulatory Commission. The International Financial Sector Regulatory Authority (IFSRA) uses 14 computers, two servers, one network printer and one scanner. The Office of National Drug and Money Laundering Control Police (ONDCP) equipment includes 19 computers, three i2 Analyst's Notebooks, two servers, a plotter, four scanners and four printers. They are in good condition. The Defense Force uses one laptop. The Drug Squad uses one projector. The laptop has been sent out for repair.
St. Kitts and Nevis
Vehicles-The Nevis Task Force uses one 2001 Toyota double cab. The St. Kitts Drug Squad's 1996 Jeep Cherokee and 1998 Mitsubishi mini van are operational. The 1999 Mitsubishi mini bus provided to the DARE program remains in good condition.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2005, the NAS purchased one air conditioning unit for the National Joint Headquarters (NJHQ). The Nevis Financial Services Department uses one photocopier. The Drug Squad uses six air conditioning units, desks, filing cabinets, stacking chairs and office chairs. The FIU uses one office desk and chair, one secretarial workstation, one conference table and twelve chairs, three fireproof filing cabinets, a binding machine, trimmer, television, VCR, photocopier, shredder and digital camera. The NACDAP uses one television, VCR, photocopier, five desks, five office chairs, ten guest chairs, a conference table with sixteen chairs, two stationery cabinets and two filing cabinets.
Vessels-The Coast Guard's Zodiac H920 RHIB experiences engine problems but is operational. Their 733 RHIB is working well. The 22' RHIB purchased for the Nevis Customs is operational.
Computer Equipment-Four computers, one server and one laptop are in use at the Financial Services Department (FSD). The Nevis Regulation and Supervisory Division (RSD) uses four computers, three printers, and one laptop. The FIU uses one 12 Analyst Notebook, four computers, a network hub, laptop, projector, scanner and two printers. One computer and one printer are in use at their Nevis office. Five computers, a projector and fax machine are in use at the National Council for Drug Abuse Prevention (NACDAP). One scanner is in use at the Drug Squad.
Uniforms and Field Gear-In 2005, the NAS purchased one portable scale for the Drug Squad. A boarding kit, weapons belts, zoom camera and a camcorder are in use at the Coat Guard. The Drug Squad uses body armor, binoculars and BCU's, jungle boots, a camcorder, handcuffs, night vision goggle, micro cassette recorder and a digital camera. The Nevis Police use BDUs, jungle boots, ponchos, handcuffs, fingerprint cameras, fingerprinting equipment, SLR cameras, film developing equipment, night vision goggles, handcuffs, flashlights, binoculars, rain gear, body armor, traffic vests and a digital camera.
Vehicles-The Special Services Unit's (SSU) 2001 3-ton Toyota truck has received a new camshaft and is working well. The FIU's 2001 Mitsubishi L3000 van works well but is still in need of body repairs. The Drug Squad's 2003 Suzuki Grand Vitara wagon is in good condition. Their 2001 Toyota Prado has been repaired and is working well. The 1998 Mazda 4x4 double cab and 1996 Jeep Cherokee have reached the end of their useful lives. The 1999 Mitsubishi Prajero purchased for the DARE program remains with the Governor General's detail due to a shortage of vehicles as a result of damage during the hurricane of 2004.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The Drug Squad uses one television and VCR, a shredder, photocopier, three filing cabinets, five office chairs and two fireproof filing cabinets. Their fax machine is not working. The FIU uses a photocopier, two fireproof filing cabinets, one shredder, four desks, six chairs, coffee table, six waiting room chairs, television, VCR, fax machine, digital camera, a filing cabinet, and a portable projector screen. All are in good condition. Four cellular phones have reached the end of their useful lives. Six air conditioning units are in use at Police Headquarters.
Vessels-The Coast Guard's five engines purchased in 2003 remain in good condition. The H920 RHIB and the 733 RHIB are working well. Both Boston Whalers are being refurbished. The radar and sirens remain in good condition.
Computer Equipment-The Drug Squad uses one server, two computers, one palm pilot, two laptops and two printers. One laptop and one computer are no longer serviceable and the projector is still in need of a new bulb. The FIU uses two laptops, i2 Analyst's Notebook, fax machine, four computers, two printers and scanner. The Police Headquarters' four computers and two printers are in good condition.
Uniforms and Field Gear-In 2005, the NAS purchased 250 police caps and belts to replace stock lost during the hurricane in 2004. Four hundred thirty sets of uniforms, 150 reflective vests and 150 flashlights are distributed throughout the police force. The Drug Squad uses binoculars, polo shirts, caps, pagers, a rescue phone, body armor, two digital cameras, a digital camcorder, batons, windbreakers, micro cassette recorders, flashlights, and night vision goggles. The Coast Guard uses body armor, night vision goggles, and a boarding kit. The camcorder and zoom camera have reached the end of their useful lives. The Police Special Branch uses body armor and a GPS.
The Director of the French Coast Guard has reported that the 82-foot patrol boat, the Lafayette, is in good condition and is used in operations.
Regional Security System
Vehicles-One 2002 Isuzu double cabin pickup purchased for the C-26 project remains in good condition.
Aircraft-The RSS Airwing has two C-26 maritime surveillance aircraft. One aircraft recently received engine repairs and is fully operational; the other is in need of replacement engines and propellers. They are in the process of seeking funding from Barbados for the engines and propellers.
Vessels-One Zodiac H20 "go fast" RHIB located at the RSS Training Unit in Antigua is working well.
Computer Equipment-One scanner and one fax machine located at the Training Unit in Antigua are used daily. Their laptop and projector are not working. Ten computers, two laptops and ten printers purchased for the Administration Section in 2000 have reached the end of their useful lives. Their two projectors are working well. The C-26 project uses two laptops, one computer three printers, and two fax machines.
Communications Equipment-The pilot headsets are in good condition. Cellular phones used by the C-26 support staff are no longer operational. Their hand-held radios need new batteries.
Uniforms and Field Gear-Sixteen aircrew survival vests have recently been re-certified but are slightly worn. Life preservers, flight suits, boots, gloves, rescue lights, rescue mirrors, a digital camera and camcorder are used daily in the C-26 program. Chain saws, two 20' x 40' tents, night vision goggles, rope, binoculars, machetes, gloves, jerry cans, MRE's GPS receivers are used for marijuana eradication operations. Riot helmets, batons and shim guards are used for training.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The RSS Training Unit in Antigua uses lockers, a shredder, ten filing cabinets, 12 utility tables, 32 classroom chairs, one lectern, one coffee table, one living room suite, mattresses, folding chairs, folding tables, two washing machines, two dryers and a 25-ton air conditioner condensing unit. Two refrigerators, two televisions, two VCRs, a TV stand, microwave oven, radio cassette, refrigerator, lawn mower, weed-wacker, and 11 air conditioners are used by the C-26 support staff.
Skill and experience levels among the various agencies and units vary widely, as well as the ability to use sophisticated equipment. Post targets procurements to meet the needs of a unit at a given time; however, subsequent turnovers sometimes result in non-use of sophisticated equipment by new personnel unfamiliar with the equipment. Most countries lack spare parts and repair facilities for electronics, leading to collections of items in need of repair. Incidents of theft and misuse are rare.
INL assistance to the Eastern Caribbean ensures that law enforcement agencies are capable partners in the fight against narco-trafficking and money laundering in the region. The equipment provided by the NAS has improved their mobility, communications, record keeping, safety, intelligence collection and drug detection capabilities. INL-funded training provides personnel with the necessary skills to carry out their missions and demonstrates the USG's counter-narcotics commitment in the region.
The Police Service of the Government of Bermuda (GOB) provides annual reports on the use of the USG-provided vessel, "Blue Heron, seized by DEA and transferred to the Bermuda Police Service in 1996. Relations with the local police service in the area of law enforcement cooperation are excellent.
During 2005, the vessel was used as a platform during anti-narcotics missions. The vessel continues to conduct inshore and offshore patrols and has been involved in a number of search and rescue missions and a number of narcotic-related operations. The vessel is in good condition. It remains at sea for up to five days. One member of the Police Marine Section is permanently attached to the vessel. As circumstances dictate, additional crew is added. Emphasis was placed on the surveillance of cruise ships and cargo vessels both inbound and outbound from Bermuda.
The Bermuda Police reiterates its appreciation of this asset, which allows them to function in ways that would not otherwise be possible. The Bermuda Police Service expects a new, purpose-built vessel, currently being built in Australia, to come on line in mid-2006.
The Narcotics Affairs Section's Program Assistant has primary responsibility for day-to-day monitoring of equipment and project activities. Other NAS staff, including Personal Service Contract (PSC) personnel, also participate in on-site inspections and share monitoring responsibilities. In addition, the Military Liaison Office (MLO), DEA, country office staff, Defense Attache Office, and the U.S. Marshall Service assist in monitoring of commodities and equipment donated to organizations and agencies that they are supporting.
Both Mitsubishi 5-ton trucks (2004) are used in the Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) to transport cutters to marijuana fields, drug samples to court, and other related administrative duties. The trucks are in good working condition.
The 1996 Mitsubishi and 1995 Isuzu trucks are unserviceable. The former will be repaired but an additional assessment is being done on the latter to determine whether it is economically viable to repair.
Seven 1999 vehicles were used by the JCF Narcotics Division Special Vetted Unit for surveillance purposes. The vehicles are in good working order. The unit was involved in 52 narcotics operations.
Two 2005 motorcars, one 2005 Nissan pickup, and one Toyota 2005 van were used by the Jamaica Defence Force (JDF) intelligence unit as surveillance vehicles.
The Director of Public Prosecution (DPP) reported that the 1996 Suzuki Swift was in good working condition. Despite the NAS' best efforts, no information has been forthcoming from this agency regarding vehicle use and impact. The NAS has discontinued assistance to the DPP until it receives an appropriate response on the status of the vehicle.
Two Nissan SUV's were used by the Contraband Enforcement Team (CET) to transport officers to the airports and seaports. They are in good working condition.
RISE Life Management Services (formerly Addiction Alert Organization (AAO)) sold its 2000 Mitsubishi minibus because it became too uneconomical to operate. The vehicle was used to transport youth facilitators to inner city communities in rural and urban Jamaica. This vehicle paid enormous dividends in reaching inner city youths who would not otherwise participate in demand reduction and drug awareness programs. The proceeds of the sale are used for insurance and maintenance of a replacement vehicle.
Two Nissan SUV's were donated to the Contraband Enforcement Team (CET). One is deployed to Montego Bay while the other is in Kingston. During routine operations the vehicles were used to transport several pieces of luggage. Approximately 30 small shipments of contraband and nine persons who were detained or arrested after they were caught attempting to smuggle contraband.
The NAS has one Ford Expedition that is in good working order.
The JCF has six desktop computers, two laptops and three printers. The National Intelligence Bureau (NIB) has six Sony computers, five laptops, two laser printers, and 2 scanners. The JCF has one desktop computer. Jamaica customs has eight computes and six monitors. The NAS has 2 laptops and five laser printers.
All computer and photocopy equipment is in good working order and being used for its intended purpose. The NAS frequently makes unannounced visits to ensure proper use and maintenance as well as to counsel the organizations on the expected results by appropriate use of the equipment.
The ten portable radios and 16 cellular, and two commercial radios have assisted the JCF Narcotics Division Special Vetted Unit in fullfilling its mandate by giving them more communication capacity and allowing them to remain in surveillance position longer.
Two phone jammers have provided the JDF the capability to disable telephone communication in designated locations, giving them the advantage to achieve operational surprise.
Eight ballistic vests and field gear are being used in the interdiction, eradication, fugitive apprehension and intelligence projects undertaken by JCF Vetted Unit. The JCF Training Division operates the Firearms Training Simulators (FATS). They are located at the JCF Twickenham Park Training Division and are used for initial and refresher training. To date, 1,900 police personnel have been trained on the stationary simulator. The portable simulator is being used on firing ranges throughout Jamaica.
The two mobile trailers were donated to the Narcotics Police as surveillance points, to monitor any illicit movement of drugs and contraband at aerodromes situated at Boscobel, St. Mary and Ken Jones in Portland. The trailer at Ken Jones was totally destroyed by termites. The other is in use but lacks electricity and water.
The JFAT has two megaphones, one camera, one photocopier, four flashlights, one binoculars, one camcorder, four tactical hoods, and one microcassette recorder.
The National Intelligence Bureau (NIB) has 4 cameras, one copier, one projector and one camcorder. The equipment is in good condition.
The Jamaican Immigration and Passport Office has one copier that is in good condition and used in support of investigations into passport/visa fraud and malfeasance. Jamaica Immigration and Passport Office personnel use the copier for general office duties as well as to provide copies of documents that are shared with consular anti-fraud officers. The Jamaica Customs used a copier to copy education materials on drug and HIV/AIDS prevention, and life skills for about 350 inner city youth and 150 adults.
Two digital cameras are used by the Contraband Enforcement Team (CET) to photograph seized items for use in court and by other investigative units. The cameras are in excellent condition and are in daily use for the purpose intended. The ten tool kits have suffered from normal wear and tear and should be replaced. A photocopy machine is used to capture images of travel documents, seizures reports, training materials and general administrative duties.
The furniture purchased for residential use by the NAS is fully accounted for and in acceptable condition.
Safety equipment, such as life jackets, and headsets provided to the JDF Air Wing are used on all routine flights. Approximately 200 persons were air lifted to safety in post hurricane operations in July and October 2005 using two rescue baskets. Ten brush cutters were used by the JDF to destroy 119 hectares of marijuana in 2005. The JDF also used six binoculars, one projector, one shredder, 15 rappelling ropes, two cameras, one generator.
Three 44' Coastal Interceptors, one 82' Coast Guard cutter, four 40' Sea Arks, three 30'Avances, and two Boston Whalers were donated to the JDF. All vessels are in good working order except for the Coast Guard vessels. The JDF CG expects the return of one refurbished dauntless patrol vessel by the end of February 2006.
Six color Global Positioning Systems (GPS'), with their electronic chart, provided real time navigational positions. The GPS' are used on routine narcotics patrols.
The JDF is a combined force that uses the donated equipment in an integrated approach to apprehend drug traffickers and to conducts joint anti-narcotics operations search and rescue, casual evacuation, border and fisheries protection. It also assists the Jamaica Constabulary Force and provides transportation of troops and general duties. The JDF uses and maintains all equipment donated by NAS.
Two hundred and sixty M-16 rifles were transferred under the provisions of the FY-1998 counter-narcotics drawdown in 2002 under section 506 (A)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended. The M-16 rifles are all accounted for. Forty-three are in the armory and the balance have been distributed to various units throughout Jamaica.
The GPS has allowed the operators of the vessels to navigate safely and confidently operate the boats at the same time. GPS' are now used as the primary navigation aid. The equipment used to rescue hurricane victims make it safer and easier for all concerned. The increased motor vehicle mobility and surveillance equipment has given the JDF more scope to improve their intelligence gathering which has enabled them to use more of their skill sets and to assist the Jamaica Constabulary Force. This has led to the arrest of major criminal gang leaders, of which some have been incarcerated or are still being sought. These actions have benefited the people of Jamaica.
The JCF Unit was involved in 52 narcotics operations, which led to the arrests of 22 drug couriers in Jamaica, Holland, and the UK. Operations led to the seizure of 4.2 kilograms of cocaine and 2,107 lbs. of compressed marijuana. In addition, the unit seized 2 British passports, 12 drums of aviation fuel, and 205 rounds of ammunition. Their involvement in other operations resulted in the seizure of 1 boat, 2 motor vehicles, 1 aircraft and 3 firearms.
The use of the JFAT vehicles has led to the arrests of eleven fugitives. Two of them were connected with a renowned drug Kingpin.
The JDF phone jammers led the police to arrest 29 people who were charged with crimes ranging from narcotics trafficking to extortion, seizures of over 600 rounds of ammunition, 28 weapons ranging from handguns to high-powered rifles, and the seizures of 1,262 kilograms of marijuana.
The NAS performs the End Use Monitoring of commodities year-round, conducting periodic inspections of vehicles, computers in Nassau and Freeport. DEA, Army, and Coast Guard personnel, assigned to Operation Bahamas and Turks and Caicos (OPBAT), provide on-going reports on the status of equipment infrastructure at the helicopter bases in Andros, Exuma, and Great Inagua Islands. NAS personnel visit these remote facilities periodically to inspect facilities and equipment. The officials of the Bahamian Government fully cooperated with NAS on the End Use Monitoring process.
The NAS purchased a SUV for the Turks and Caicos police in 2005. In 2004, the NAS procured two pickup trucks to facilitate the use of fast response boats in remote landlocked OPBAT bases. The vehicles were transferred to the bases in Inagua and Exuma for use in OPBAT missions. A Landrover was provided to the Royal Turks and Caicos Police in 2004. Previously, vehicles were provided to the Royal Bahamas Police Force (RBDF) Drug Enforcement Unit (11), the RBDF Strike Force (4), the RBDF Canine Unit (1), and the NAS (1). The NAS has continued the monitoring of these vehicles.
As drug traffickers seek new ways for moving their contraband, obtaining intelligence concerning their plans and methods becomes even more critical. These criminals constantly upgrade their communications equipment, taking advantage of the latest technological breakthroughs to avoid detection. The NAS continues to support the maintenance and upgrade of intelligence-gathering capabilities of the RBDF Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU) by providing electronic surveillance equipment and tools. This equipment is in the custody of the DEU and is kept in excellent condition.
In 2002, the NAS procured an Advanced Digital Audio Collection System (ACADS) for the DEU office in Nassau. In 2004, the NAS purchased an Ion scanner to assist law enforcement units in conducting searches in concealed compartments. Bahamian officers continue to receive training in its use and maintenance. High technology intelligence-gathering equipment donated to the RBDF in the past is maintained in excellent condition at the Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU) offices in Nassau and Freeport. The NAS also provided training on the use and proper maintenance of this equipment to DEU officials.
NAS-donated computers, although aging, are being used by the DEU, the RBDF Forensic Laboratory, the Police College, Customs Department, and National Drug Council. The agencies do an outstanding job of maintaining their NAS-donated computers and office equipment. The NAS continues to maintain the highly technical Office Network System donated in 2003. It communicates with Nassau and Freeport.
The Joint Information Collection Center (JICC) makes use of a small number of computers and other office equipment provided by the NAS. The JICC has a full-time computer technician who does an excellent job of maintaining the equipment. The JICC continues to make a very small contribution to the Bahamian counternarcotics effort. The value of the data collected is very limited.
The three NAS-donated interceptor boats, two high performance, triple engine, diesel-powered Nor-tech and a 12-meter outboard motored Avenger continue to be used effectively in drug interdiction missions. The boats provide vital "end game" capabilities for OPBAT helicopter pursuits. NAS-funded maintenance contracts provide a cost effective means for keeping these boats operational.
OPBAT structures are jointly used by USG personnel, Bahamain and Turks and Caicos law enforcement officers. The NAS is responsible for funding some of the maintenance and repairs at these sites, primarily those used by host nation personnel and those shared by all three nations, such as water supply, sewage treatment and pest control. In 2005, the NAS funded part of the replacement of existing housing units in Georgetown. These units are scheduled to come on line in February 2006.
The major problem facing the Bahamas is a lack of funding for law enforcement agencies. Lack of funding results in poorly equipped officers and hampers post's joint interdiction efforts. Lack of funding also affects Bahamian authorities' ability to provide upgrades and maintenance for USG-donated equipment. The NAS has provided maintenance contracts and implemented use of logs to ensure that high-priced commodities receive adequate maintenance and are in working order. The NAS has also provided technical assistance in the form of training-the-trainer sessions to ensure that personnel know how to handle donated equipment. Post also continues to encourage the GOB to invest assets seized in its interdiction efforts back into the law enforcement agencies.
NAS donations continue to have a significant impact on host nation efforts to stem the flow of drugs through the Bahamas into the United States. NAS donations, along with the excellent work of U.S. and Bahamian law enforcement personnel, have reduced the flow of cocaine through the Bahamas to the U.S. from upwards of 70 percent in the 1980's to less than 10 percent today. Without an adequate tax base, and many competing demands for limited resources, the Bahamas depends upon NAS donations. Bahamian law enforcement officials and USG counterparts enjoy a very close working relationship. Careful review and detailed planning occur prior to the approval of any requests for supplies and equipment. NAS intelligence gathering and surveillance equipment made it possible for law enforcement to dismantle two Bahamian based drug trafficking organizations in 2005. The NAS will continue to work with the GCOB to review the effectiveness and cost-efficiency of all USG-funded programs.
PORT AU PRINCE
The Police Advisor, Contract Pacific Architects and Engineers (PAE), Deputy Project Manager, and FSN Program Assistant monitor use and condition of donated items on a regular basis and provide input to the Regional Narcotics Affairs Section as needed. The DEA, DAO, Military Liaison Office, Coast Guard Liaison Officer, Political Officers and other Embassy staff also perform essential on-site monitoring while conducting operations or working with government counterparts. Post requests official notice of any donated items slated for withdrawal from service or malfunctioning. Equipment is inspected prior to its removal. Haitian cooperation has been generally good.
Procedures implemented by the Police Adviser for issuing and monitoring donated weapons are rigorous, ensuring the highest standards of control. Weapons are only issued for use by vetted officers trained and certified in the use of these weapons. In addition, prior to issuance, weapons are tested in a ballistics tank and the unique ballistics identification is recorded for each weapon issued. As of January 1, 2006, all donated weapons were accounted for by the Embassy Police Advisor. In addition, spot inspections and field audits were completed in December 2005 by the United Nations Civilian Police (UNPOL) Mission in Haiti.
UNPOL has be come a full partner in monitoring and issuing weapons, performing a critical function which augments the USG monitoring efforts. UNPOL devotes a full-time staff of experienced officers to perform ballistics tests, serialize and track by database donated weapons by name of officer, assignment and date of training. The database is administered by UNPOL officers with computer databases, weapons inventory control, and registration background. The Police Advisor meets regularly and coordinates closely with the UNPOL weapons registration staff.
Seventy-five motorcycles, 4 vans and trucks, one wrecker, and two armored SWAT trucks were deployed to increase the Haitian National Police's (HNP) operational effectiveness and visibility. One of the pickups was assigned to the Haitian Coast Guard facility in Cap Haitian to replace the vehicle damaged in a rollover accident. That vehicle is not repairable and will be disposed of.
Eleven computers were donated to the Haitian Coast Guard (HCG) base in Killick. An additional computer and printer were assigned to the HCG station in Cap Haitian. The items donated to Cap Haitian have not yet been installed due to the absence of a generator to provide electricity during the frequent power outages. A total of 62 computers were donated to various HNP units. Twenty-five computers were donated to the Central Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) and four laptops were provided to the Financial Crimes Task Force, along with various office furniture. The Joint Intelligence Command Center (JICC) equipment remains non-functional. It has not been repaired or replaced.
The USG has donated 12 vessels to the HCG. Two 40-foot MonArk patrol craft were overhauled in 2005 and are deployed in Killick and in Cap Haitian. One 40-foot MonArk is undergoing repairs in Miami. Two refurbished 32-foot Eduardono fast boats were delivered in 2005. One is deployed in Cap Haitian. Two other 32-foot Eduardonos in working order are stationed at Killick. A 65-foot patrol craft is not operational at this time and would require a complete overhaul. Of the four 25-foot Boston Whalers provided, one is in minimal working condition at Killick. Two others at Killick have been scrapped, one of which has been put on display to increase the visibility ofthe facility. The fourth was allegedly lost when the HCG station in Cap Haitian was destroyed during the uprising in February 2004.
Rough use and little preventive maintenance of these vessels contributed to the continuous problems. Though HCG mechanics are inventive, repairs to the aging fleet are often beyond their capacity. The HCG in Killick features a decaying pier and an un-dredged harbor. A floating pier installed by the USG in Cap Haitian suffered hurricane damage, weathering and neglect during the period when the HCG station was stripped of removable fixtures and abandoned. Thought still usable, this floating wharf requires an overhaul.
A language laboratory at the HCG in Killick was remodeled in 2005. Audio-visual equipment, furniture and air conditioners were supplied to make this facility conducive for learning English. A generator was provided to assure electricity to this facility, as well as to other essential base functions during frequent power outages. The water survival training pool was repaired in 2005.
The HCG station in Cap Haitian was renovated. The newly-reopened station complex includes office space for the HCG and UNPOL, a refurbished barracks building, and other facilities. A generator was supplied to accommodate the barracks and the model police station located on the complex. The complex fence was repaired and extended to enlarge the secure the perimeter of this facility.
Five model police stations were rehabilitated and supplied with office furniture, computers, and other equipment adequate for the UNPOL and HNP officers assigned to each station. Three model stations were inaugurated in the Port-au-Prince neighborhoods of Bicentenaire, Fort National, and the Delmas 33 and two in the key provincial cities of Cap Haitian and Gonaives.
A secure warehouse and outside storage space with secure perimeter were constructed on the grounds of the Police Academy. A secure sub-supply room was built for safeguarding and storing weapons. Fourteen student barracks were repainted and outfitted with screens, upgraded lighting, electrical wiring, and fans to provide adequate facilities for police recruits at the Police Academy. A double-wide trailer was converted in to eight recruiting offices for the Police Academy. A ballistic tank was built and is being used to establish a unique ballistic identification for each weapon.
A decrepit juvenile facility was rehabilitated, creating four detention cells with toilets, sinks and showers, a processing area, and outdoor recreation area, and septic and water systems.
All refurbished or constructed facilities are being used as intended for operational requirements.
Permanent, solar-powered base radio stations and portable radios at various Commissariats throughout Haiti were installed to augment the communications capacity of the HNP.
Uniforms and Field Gear
A wide array of essential police equipment was donated to various units within the HNP. Items include web gear, helmets, batons, holsters, flashlights, duty belts, bulletproof vests, boots, riot gear, tear gas, launchers, and smoke grenades.
The USG donated 2,657 weapons as part of the project to reform the Haitian National Policed in August 2005. Weapons are issued only for use by vetted officers trained and certified in the use of these weapons. Only one of the weapons issued to date remains unaccounted for. An active investigation is being undertaken in this case by the UNPOL Internal Investigations Division. Weapons which have not yet been issued are kept in a secure storage facility at the HNP under the direct control and monitoring of UNPOL and the USG.
Donated items and facilities are being appropriately used, in spite of complicating factors. Social disorder, the ongoing political crisis, the limited mandate of the Interim Government of Haiti (IGOH), endemic corruption, changes in leadership, low government salaries, lack of training, weak institutional policies and procedures and poor records keeping posed unique challenges for End Use Monitoring. Lack of funding made maintenance an ongoing problem and sometimes made it impossible for the beneficiary institutions to use the donated property. It was therefore necessary to supplement the program with fuel, supplies, and in some cases food or dietary supplements, to ensure that the donated property was used as intended. Though UNPOL contributed greatly to providing on-the-ground technical expertise, the task of reforming the Haitian security forces is daunting. Much work remains to be done. The gains realized to date must be consolidated. Transportation within Haiti is difficult. The absence of a full-time NAS Director, inadequate NAS staffing and Embassy security mandates restricting movement within the key areas of the city further complicate End-Use Monitoring.
INL assistance to the HNP is beginning to transform this instititution. The vehicles and essential gear, weapons and radio equipment increased the HNP's operational effectiveness and visibility. The five high-profile model police stations provided professional facilities and essential equipment to enable UNPOL and HNP offices to operate jointly. The Police Academy projects have contributed to recruiting, vetting and hiring good qualified police officers with no criminal records. There rehabilitation of the juvenile detention facility brought the living conditions for juvenile detainees to acceptable international norms of human rights.
The assistance to the HCG provided the IGOH with a maritime interdiction capability both in Port-au-Prince and in Cap Haitian. The HCG participated in counterdrug operations and assisted in repatriations of illegal migrants. With the equipment provided to the FIU and the Financial Crimes Task Force, the IGOH made progress in investigating and preparing for prosecution several money laundering cases involving official corruption.
PORT OF SPAIN
Each recipient of INL-funded equipment is given the "Guidelines for INL Provided Equipment Receipt" and provides quarterly reports to the Embassy that detail the location, status and use of the equipment, as required by USG-GOTT Letters of Agreement. A central office in the Ministry of National Security also receives a copy of these reports. The Embassy's Political/INL officer, Military Liaison Officer, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Agents, U.S. Customs Officers, IRS Agents, other Embassy officers and the INL Program Assistant monitor the resources when visiting sites where equipment is located. The GOTT recipient agencies are generally cooperative in allowing site visits as requested, but are frequently late in submitting written reports.
The Cessna 172 aircraft has been out-of-service since 1994 because of severe mechanical problems and lack of funding for replacement parts. It is presently in storage. However, the long-term plan for the Cessna 172 is to return it to service for use as a training platform. The Cessna 310 is undergoing engine repairs and is expected to return to service in early 2006.
Both of the Navajos were in service for all of 2005. They flew 166 missions amounting to 409 flying hours.
One of the C-26 aircraft was in serviceable condition throughout 2005; the other has been grounded since January 2005 and is presently undergoing repairs in Newfoundland. The C-26 aircraft conducted over 206 missions, logging 406 hours, including training and counternarcotics missions. However, a lack of reporting by the TTCG made it difficult to determine if the C-26 intelligence gathered has been acted upon. The sensor maintenance package has greatly enhanced the Air Wing's ability to patrol the area surrounding Trinidad and Tobago.
One of the Bowen "go-fast" boats incurred damage to its hull and has been out of service since 2002. This vessel does not appear salvageable. The second vessel was operational during 2005.
The four 82-ft Class Patrol Craft were inspected in 2005 and parts were replaced as needed. All of the vessels are operational and frequently conduct patrols of the coast of Trinidad and Tobago. Three vessels are headquartered in Trinidad, and the fourth vessel is headquartered in Tobago. One of the vessels is outfitted with complete radar; an electronic package, reducers and converters. The 30-foot U.S. Customs vessel and two 29-foot Phantom interceptors are operational and used in counternarcotics/law enforcement interdiction operations initiated by the Trinidad and Tobago Customs and Excise Division and in interagency operations. The two Phantom boats and other Customs vessels have played a key role in monitoring the nation's coast and surrounding waters.
Three of the four Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC) were fully operational during 2005. The engines on these craft have been overhauled. These craft were used extensively in maritime interdiction operational around Trinidad.
The newly acquired 40 ft interceptors conducted routine patrols of the river system from Hartscut to Point Lisas and the bay area.
The four right-hand drive vehicles that replaced the SUV's donated to the Organized Crime and Narcotics Unit were fully functional during the year. The vehicles allow the task force to conduct surveillance and interdict narcotics trafficking throughout the country.
U.S. Customs-Provided Radar
The six U.S. Customs-donated radars provide the GOTT with information vital to detecting, tracking, and intercepting vessels and aircraft suspected of narcotics trafficking. At any given time during the year, between two and three installations are fully functional. The multimeter and scopemeter are used in maintaining the six radar installations.
The two computer workstations, donated in 1994 are not able to access the LAN due to their incompatibility with Windows NT. One of them is used to transmit information to and from EPIC while the other serves as a backup.
The laptop computer donated to TT Customs and Excise Division in December 1999 became unserviceable and had to be replaced. The computer equipment provided to the Counter Narcotics and Crime Task Force (CNCTF) allows information and intelligence to be analyzed in a more comprehensive and timely manner than would not otherwise be possible. The computers, electronic equipment, and safe were in use throughout the year with the exception of ten monitors, one printer, and a micro recorder.
Computers are installed at the Customs and Excise Prevention Branch and at key stations of the Customs and Excise Division. They give the branch an automated database system, providing continuous connectivity of the branch as well as key stations of the Customs and Excise Division in Trinidad and Tobago, and other related law enforcement agencies.
The 25 laptop computers and three desktop computers donated to the Board of Inland Review are fully functional. The attorneys and new criminal tax investigators use the equipment daily.
The two Compaq computers, printers, and monitors are fully operational at the Ministry of Health.
In 2001, post donated 4 Jaguar computers with viewsonic monitors, 1 HP LaserJet printer, 2 Sony digital photo printers to the OIJ Narcotics section.
Computers and other equipment were donated to the Intellectual Property Rights Office (IPR) in July 2004. All of the computers and other equipment are fully functional and are used by the staff of the IPO in their Parent and Trademark Databases to assist in scanning, recording, monitoring and investigating intellectual property rights.
Computers and associated peripherals were installed at the Board of Inland Revenue. Criminal Investigation Unit members were trained on the equipment and in investigative techniques in early 2003. Legal and Enforcement training started in January 2004.
The Organized Crime and Narcotics Unit's (OCNU) thirty (30) hand-held radios are out in the field, at Piarco Airport and at OCNU's headquarters. The Interpol radios were in use throughout the year. All ten radios are in good condition.
The ten radios provided to the Interpol Liaison Office were in use throughout the quarter. They were used to conduct communications between Interpol, other TTPS units and the TT Customs and Excise Division. All are in good condition.
The six installed radars provide the Customs and Excise Division with information vital to detecting, tracking, and intercepting vessels and aircraft suspected of narcotics trafficking. The radar systems, via realtime feeds, allows the JOCC to coordinate the interdiction of vessels suspect of narcotics trafficking, as well as vessels suspected of fisheries violations. However, the limited operational status of the radar installations has hampered the efforts of the JOCC personnel. There are only two operational radars. The U.S. donated radars have not markedly improved this situation because the components are not necessarily compatible with the GOTT radars. The GOTT has contracted to replace the six radars.
The kool kube, battering ram, handcuffs, tape recorders, binoculars, bullet proof vests (35), camera kit, chainsaws, electronic surveillance equipment, night vision goggles and brush cutters are all operational and in use by the OCNU. None of the equipment is checked out to individual officers. All are kept at headquarters and checked out for specific missions. The boots, bulletproof vests, chainsaws, and brush cutters, were particularly valuable defenses against booby traps planted by marijuana growers. The brush cutters have been serviced and are operating at an acceptable level.
The two TT Defense Force (TTDF) hand-held Global Positioning System receivers were fully functional and in use throughout the year. The unit is regularly used during marijuana eradication operations to help locate marijuana fields and to position troops.
The six night-scopes were in use and fully operational during 2004. They assisted in locating go-fast contacts that would have normally been missed during nocturnal operations. The Coast Guard and its special Naval Unit share the night scopes. The hand-held Global Positioning System receiver was fully functional and used throughout the year. The Data scopes, Infrared cameras, and aural enhancement units, were fully functional and in use throughout 2005. None of the units required repairs last year.
The Redman gear and gym mats have greatly enhanced the ability of TT Customs and Excise to train its officers in both hand-to-hand combat and personal defense.
The handcuffs provided to the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS) are used to transport prisoners to and from court as well as in general police work. The digital camera and micro-cassette recorders were in use throughout the year to record interviews/interrogations of suspects and have led to a higher success rate with regard to prosecutions based on such interviews. The three digital cameras are functioning well; the fourth is not powering up. These cameras are used at crime scenes to document evidence and for mug shots. The editing VCR was fully functional and in use throughout the year. The bulletproof vests protect the officers during law enforcement operations.
The Ion Scanner used by the Airport Authority was only minimally operational in 2005. The terminal was rewired in 2004; however, there still have been instances of power surges that damage sensitive equipment.
The six Bushnell night scopes were in use and fully operational during 2004. The TTCG and its Special Naval Unit share the scopes. They assisted in locating go-fast contacts that would have normally been missed during night operations.
The 30 iron beds and the woodworking equipment are at the Piparo empowerment center. All items are in good condition and in use by the Piparo residents.
The Brushcutters have been serviced and are fully functional. All equipment is kept at OCNU headquarters and checked out for specific missions. The cutters were used extensively in 2005.
The TV and the VCR have significantly increased the number of children exposed to the counterdrug videos of the Police Youth club. Having the equipment on site has allowed greater flexibility in terms of when and how frequently club members are exposed to counterdrug videotapes.
The steel soled boots, bulletproof vests, gloves, jerseys, leggings, chair saws and brush cutters were used in marijuana eradication efforts. Boots, bulletproof vest, and leggings were valuable defenses against booby traps planted by the marijuana growers.
The explosive detection canines arrived in country in June 2005 along with two which were donated to the TTPS. They continue to be used extensively as the country experienced four explosions late year resulting in several persons being injured. These canines are used in the newly formed explosive detention unit.
The INL program employs a full time INL Assistant to staff the office and to monitor equipment use. In spite of meetings with officials responsible for compiling data for the end use report, post continues to experience delays in receiving the necessary reports from post's GOTT counterparts. Post is otherwise unaware of any significant problems in the course of the year's equipment use.
Adequate staffing remains the biggest obstacle in narcotics and law enforcement. The GOTT continues to take the necessary steps to ease their manpower shortage, but some government entities still do not have the required manpower to fully use the INL-funded services and commodities provided.
The Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC) conducted 50 patrols covering over 2,000 nautical miles resulting in 35 seizures/intercepts. The one operational Bowen G-Fast boat conducted more than 40 patrols, made 42 narcotics seizures and/or intercepts, and covered 400 nautical miles. The four 82-ft patrol boats conducted a total of 184 counternarcotics/law enforcement patrols and 82 seizures and/or intercepts covering over 7,561 nautical miles.
The two C-26 aircraft conducted over 578 missions in 2004, amounting to 1412 flying hours, including training and counter-narcotics missions. However, a lack of reporting by the TTCG makes it difficult to determine if the C-26 intelligence has been acted upon. The sensor/maintenance package has greatly enhanced the Air Wing's ability to patrol the area surrounding Trinidad and Tobago. The C-26's maritime sensor capability enhanced the ability of surface assets to locate suspect craft.
The CRRC's conducted about 50 patrols covering over 2,000 nautical miles resulting in about 35 seizures. The one operational Bowen go-fast boat conducted more than 40 patrols, made 42 narcotics seizures and/or intercepts, and covered 400 nautical miles. The four 82-foot patrol boats conducted a total of 184 counter-narcotics/law enforcement patrols and 82 seizures and/or intercepts covering 7,561nautical miles.
The two 29 ft. Phantoms played a key role in monitoring the nation's coast and surrounding waters. During 2005, Customs officials conducted more than 200 counter drug/law enforcement patrols and frequently operated in conjunction with TTCG and other GOTT law enforcement agencies when performing those operations. In 2005, the Customs Marine Interdiction Unit (MIU) participated in forty land and one hundred and fifty sea joint TTCG/Customs counternarcotics /law enforcement operations. However, the operations of the MIU suffered some restrictions due to staff shortages.
The steel soled boots, bullet-proof vests, gloves, jerseys, leggings, chain saw and brush cutes were used in the destruction of more than 3 million fully grown marijuana, trees, and seedlings. The gloves were used to protect hands during fast roping descents into marijuana-growing areas. Boots, bulletproof vests, and leggings were particularly valuable defenses against booby traps planted by marijuana growers.
The SNGC has participated in nine maritime counterdrug operations, which increased the deterrence factor along the pacific and Caribbean coast of Costa Rica. Results include hundreds of at-sea boardings, the detention of dozens of vessels for illegal fishing, the detention of suspect go-fast refuelers, and the rescue of a sinking ferry with 48 passengers. The SNGC has also provided port security for visiting U.S. law enforcement vessels.
The previously developed tracking system of the laptop computer has greatly enhanced the GOTT's ability to monitor pleasure craft/cargo vessels in coastal waters thus making it easier to intercept suspect vessels. The Redman gear and gym mats have greatly enhanced the ability of GOTT Customs and Excise to train its officers in both hand-to-hand combat and personal defense.
The National Directorate of Drug Control (DNCD), the Director of Migration, and the Superintendent of Banks maintain inventories and USG-donated equipment. The NAS officer frequently visits offices for formal on-site inspections spot checks on the status, condition, and use of equipment. Assets that have reached the end of their useful life are reported to the NAS, formally inspected by a NAS representative, and retired from inventory based on a letter of release from the NAS.
DEA and U.S. military representative from DAO and MAAG carry out informal on-site monitoring during operations or when interacting with local counterparts. All embassy law enforcement personnel stress to counterparts their accountability for proper use and care of INL-donated equipment. In 2005, the NAS received excellent monitoring cooperation from the receiving GODR agencies and counterparts without exception.
All USG-donated vehicles and motorcycles are in operational condition and being used for the intended purposes. A vehicle donated to the Bani shelter for victims of domestic violence in FY-2004 continues to see limited use due to lack of funds for fuel.
The NAS bought nine vehicles for use by the SIU vetted unit. Three Blazers purchased in 1993 are assigned to the DNCD headquarters in Santo Domingo to support Special Investigations Team operations outside the capital. Three additional Blazers are detailed outside of the city. Four Toyota pickups, three Chevrolet SD-10 pickups, two Toyota 4-runner Jeeps, two 1994 Ford Metro minibuses, and seven Yamaha motorcycles are detailed outside of the city. Three Ford Metro minibuses, one Chevrolet minibus, three Chevrolet Blazers, and two Yamaha motorcycles are detailed for use in the city. The NAS provided a pickup truck for the shelter of battered women in Bani.
The NAS bought two used vehicles for use by a special National Police Unit operating in coordination with the FBI office at post. Two surveillance vehicles were provided to the National Police for handling FBI generated criminal investigations.
Radio communications equipment including a third repeater tower, 28 hand-held radios, scramblers, and related components were supplied to the police/military Border Intelligence Units (DOIFs). The repeaters give radio communications coverage along the border with Haiti for use by the DOIF's and DNCD. Repeaters have been installed in Santiago and Santo Domingo and at the airports in Punta Cana, La Romana, and Santiago. Six NAS-donated repeaters were operating normally at year's end. Two mountaintop repeaters along the Haitian border were inoperative due to theft of their solar panels by persons unknown. The repeater at the Punta Cana airport was awaiting relocation due to new construction. Operational support to the DOIF's was terminated in late 2003 when the NAS determined that the primary purpose of those units, intelligence collection and reporting, was not being achieved in any useful manner. The following equipment was previously donated to the DNCD: Motorola MX-350 radios (8); ICOM radio receivers (6); Motorola syntor x9000 mobile radios (3); Motorola "Micro" radio repeaters (9); Motorola "Saber" radios (12); Motorola "Spectra" radio bases (25); Motorola "Spectra" mobile radios (12). The current radio communications system is adequate to accomplish the goals of the counternarcotics agencies.
The JICC operates with 17 workstations. Embassy officers routinely work with the JICC and ensure that all computer equipment purchased by INL is fully used and maintained. The JICC received software to implement the Guardian system.
All computer equipment donated to the DNCD, CND, National Police, and Immigration is in operational condition and being used for the intended purposes. In a few cases, e.g., in the CND financial investigations unit, the equipment is not being used to its full potential due to GODR program deficiencies. Computers donated to the DOIF's remain mostly in nonoperational condition. The border units have showed little interest in maintaining donated equipment. Computers recently donated to the J-2 are in excellent condition and being used for the intended purpose of improving communication between field units and headquarters.
Computer equipment includes 68 Dell computers, 31 LaserJet printers, and 14 modems. The following equipment was donated to Immigration: 31 Compaq Desk Pro computers; 35 High resolution monitors; 3 Compaq PL 1600 servers; 4 HP LaserJet 4050N printers; 33 UPS backups. The following equipment was donated to the Financial Investigative Unit (FIU): 1 Dell Poweredge 4400 server; 4 Dell Optiplex GX110 computers; 2 Dell laptops; 1 HP LaserJet printer. The NAS purchased computer equipment for the newly established National Police Trafficking in Persons Investigation Unit and supplied racks for equipment previously provided.
Search and Rescue personal computer software was previously acquired through a Foreign Military Financing (FMF) case. The Dominican Navy is using the software for search and rescue operations.
The Dominican Navy is in possession of 11 former U.S government-owned vessels. Two are in the process of being sunk (yard oiler and an ocean tugboat). The NAS-funded Fast Super RHIB boat, named Tinglar (45ft), is operational and in good condition. Two of the five former Coast Guard cutters that were transferred to the Dominican Navy under Section 516 Excess Defense Article programs are operational. The other six are in poor condition due to lack of preventive maintenance and lack of funds for repairs. They are due to be sunk and used as reef barriers in FY-2006.
Of the six Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIB's) acquired in 1994 to patrol the rivers and coasts near the ports, two remain in operational condition. One is operated by the Navy Commando Unit and the other is being used in the northwest part of the country to patrol the Seven Brothers keys on the Dominitian/Haitain border. In 2003, three outboard Zodiac RHIBs were provided to the Dominican Navy with NAS funds. All three boats are operational.
Three 17-foot fiberglass harbor patrol craft were acquired through a Foreign Military Financing (FMF) case in November 2003. All three are operational and performing harbor security functions in the ports of La Romana, Santo Domingo, and Rio Haina. The boats were inspected by the Coast Guard liaison officer in October 2003. One boat was attached to a 180-foot Navy vessel, and two were used for port security escort duty in Santo Domingo's harbor.
Six UH-1H helicopters were donated in 1994. Two are operational and are being used for their intended purpose of Anti-Narcotics, Search and Rescue, and as an alternative for Support and Transportation. The four grounded UH-1H's that were scheduled for repairs in 2005 have not been refurbished due to lack of funds.
The DNCD drug-sniffing dog program has 29 dog-and-handler teams, including four dogs in Punta Cana, five in La Romana, and four in Santo Domingo. Thirteen dogs in Punta Cana at DNCD headquarters in Santo Domingo need to be replaced due to age or poor quality of work. The majority of DNCD dogs and all five CESA bomb-sniffing dogs are in good health.
The Dominican government expanded it counternarcotics explosive detection canine units with U.S. Dutch and international assistance, extending coverage to all international airports and major sea ports.
The following are in use by the DNCD: 17 Craig recorders, 17 Sony recorders, 7 Panasonic recorders, 20 headphones, 25 Radio Shack tele-recording controls, 4 fax machines, 4 Pentax cameras, 1 CD-Rom reader, two digital cameras, 4 fax machines, helmets, handcuffs, bullet-proof vests, and electronic typewriters, concealed recording devices and transcription equipment. Each DOIF received a stock of flashlights, handcuffs, and nylon wrist/ankle ties. The NAS bought surveillance equipment, office furniture, and appliances for the DEA vetted unit in 2002.
The NAS purchased and installed a new 35kv generator to help protect the increasingly complex Information Systems Unit from frequent power outages. The recently installed lightning rod system continued to control dangerous power surges during summer storms. Non-functional vehicles were formally inspected and removed from DNCD inventory.
The NAS continued to fund regular maintenance of generators and UPS equipment for the DNCD and for the Bani Center for victims of domestic violence.
Budget cuts have forced the NAS to focus on core programs, including DNCD support, National Police training facilities, and port security. In an effort to reinvigorate the DOIF's, the NAS will fund a Mobile Training Team (MTT) in intelligence collection and reporting during 2005. The NAS will also invest in drug use prevention and rehabilitation efforts of several NGO's and in public service campaigns to discourage illegal migration and trafficking of Dominicans.
Vehicles, vessels, and other complex equipment subject to rough treatment tend to suffer from systemic inattention to preventive maintenance and lack of funds for repairs. The Dominican Navy, having received delivery of six refurbished patrol craft and two newly constructed vessels, is unable to employ them due to lack of fuel filters and other routine maintenance supplies. The problem originated when, responding to rising costs during extended contract negotiations, the Navy chose to save money by giving up the contractor's maintenance package, rather than reducing their procurement by one ship. The Navy's Maintenance Command has been re-established but the base at Las Calderas, intended site of the reconstituted maintenance school, lacks necessary equipment, parts, and training. INL budget projections offer little hope of near-term relief, but part of the requirement may be supplied from U.S. military sources.
The biggest problem to overcome in the battle against Dominican Republic-based drug trafficking, international crime, and potential terrorist support is endemic corruption. Establishment of a new norm of public service without bribery and favoritism is a prerequisite for any real progress in strengthening the judicial law enforcement systems. However, due to an excellent working relationship between the USG agencies and their local counterparts, NAS-provided resources are not at great risk for misuse. This excellent working relationship will continue to rank high on the Embassy's priority list for many years to come.
DNCD effectiveness in counternarcotics affairs is almost completely attributable to equipment, training, and close support provided by DEA and the NAS over several years. The NAS is attempting to cement the same relationship with the National Police, Cuero Especializado de Seguridad Aeroportuaria (CESA), Cuerpo Especializado de Seguridad Portuaria (CESEP), and the National Drug Council. Other agencies in the Embassy's law enforcement community are working with National Police, Customs, Immigration, the National Investigation Department (FBI equivalent), DNCD and military agencies with law enforcement powers including CESA and CESEP. Continued law enforcement cooperation with the GODR is vital to avoid losing the battle to smart, well-organized delinquent gangs and their corrupted hencemen in official positions.