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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Europe and the Middle East


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 2006
Report
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ANKARA

Procedures

Equipment has been assigned to numerous locations throughout the country. Therefore, physical inspection of any but a very small portion is a practical impossibility. Post relies on periodic meetings with supervisory personnel in each recipient agency to monitor use.

All agencies maintain up-to-date physical inventories. Where feasible, post, in connection with such meetings, physically inspects some equipment. Physical inspections were carried out at the Turkish National Police (TNP) Istanbul and at Amatem in 2005.

Status

Post verified that equipment in use in provincial police stations matched both post's records and those of the TNP. Due to sustained USG efforts, almost all of the INL-funded equipment has been distributed to field offices where it most directly benefits interdiction efforts. The TNP and Customs Guards place sufficient emphasis on proper storage, maintenance and use of equipment. All equipment inspected appears to be in good condition.

INL has not provided any assistance to Turkey since 1999, because the Government of Turkey (GOT) did not accept language regarding human rights in the 2000 Letter of Agreement.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Customs officials in Mersin use INL-funded actuators, a fiberscope, cameras, Night Vision Goggles and tape recorders frequently. Customs guards in Samsun use the USG-funded fiberscope extensively. The fiberscope enables the guards to search inner compartments and fuel tanks of large TIR trucks, which increases their effectiveness dramatically. It was particularly helpful in making the recent acetic anhydrite seizures.

In 2003, four videoscopes were delivered to the TNP. The GPS tracking system provided in 2000 has been very useful. The TNP constantly uses night vision equipment in investigations. The analog voice recording systems is nearing the end of its useful life, but is still in use. About 200 voice-recording systems will be retired by year's end since the TNP has upgraded to digital systems. INL-funded equipment accounted for the bulk of specialized equipment in both Customs and TNP's inventories in Mersin. The INL-funded equipment was well maintained and property used.

The TNP is effectively using the briefcase kit and night vision binoculars. Other items used extensively by the Alcohol and Addictive Treatment Center (AMATEM) include data projector, screen, slide projector, video recorder and player. They are used for the drug awareness program in schools.

The Turkish Customs was efficiently using the INL-funded Ion scanners and fiberscopes along the most important smuggling routes. Of the equipment previously provided to Customs, Ion scanners used to detect narcotics and explosives are the most useful. The GOT bought additional Ion scanners to be used in their most highly trafficked areas. The fiberscopes need to be updated. Customs updated these to videoscopes and sent the fiberscopes to less active border crossings. Customs also uses the digital cameras and night vision pocketscopes delivered in 2000-2002.

Post procured covert cameras and communications radios for the TNP; covert transmitters and micro surveillance recorders for the Jandarma; a pilot facility and a seed processing facility for the Turkish Grain Board; and test kits and night vision pocket scopes for Turkish Customs.

In 2003, post provided ATAMEM (a state-sponsored drug rehabilitation facility) computer equipment and software, communications equipment, and telephone switchboard. The equipment is being used for patient management and rehabilitation. It has proven very useful.

In 2004, INL donated two video receiving/recoding systems and one nite-mate 3G night vision camera.

In December 2004, a humidity meter device was donated to the TMO for poppy processing operations.

Vehicles

The Turkish Grain Board (TMO) continues to use all 20 vehicles INL funded in 1992 and 1993 to conduct monitoring and liaison with Turkey's licensed opium farmers. Twenty-five vehicles provided in 1992-1993 and 1997 have been retired. 

Communications Equipment

Five Motorola radio sets and chargers provided in 1999 are currently being used in the training of narcotics sniffer dogs and train-the-trainer programs being held in Golbasi National Dog Training Center of the TNP.

The DX-2B telephone switchboard and related technical equipment together with 50 phone machines provided in 2003 are operational and used for the communication of the staff and patients within the AMATEM section of Bakirkoy hospital.

Jandarma reports that two transmitter cigarette packets, two transmitter calendar books, one hidden transmitter, 10 Yaesu hand-radios, two AID-Unitel-3000 voice/image transmitter systems, one Panasonic digital closed circuit camera are all operational. The Department of Smuggling and Organized Crime of Jandarma uses these items during operations on narcotics issues. A voice transmitter via GSM is malfunctioning.

TNP reports that 3% of communications equipment is repaired annually and that all remain operational.

Three X-ray machines located at the three main border gates were installed as part of a harmonization project. They have helped Customs detect and seize greater amounts of narcotics than in previous years.

Problems

Maintenance of equipment procured from vendors in the United Stats that do not have distributors in the United States is very costly and time-consuming since products have to be shipped back to the United States for repair. 

Because of the Government of Turkey's refusal to accept the Leahy amendment language contained in the 2000 Letter of Agreement, the INL program is winding down.

Impact

INL-funded resources materially aided Turkish narcotics interdiction efforts. TMO, in particular, noted that it was able to double the amount of morphine in its poppy seeds, this making it more marketable thanks to the equipment provided. TNP, Customs, and Jandarma all noted the equipments' assistance that the equipment provided in their narcotics interdiction efforts.

ATHENS

Procedures

Embassy law enforcement officials are in regular contact with the Alexandroupolis Unit.

Status

The riverboat was used by the National Police Counternarcotics Unit in Alexandroupolis for use in patrolling the Evros River and the border between Greece and Turkey, a major crossing point for traffickers in narcotics and illegal immigrants. Embassy DEA agents report that the boat is well maintained by the National Police.

Impact

Greece is part of the traditional "Balkan route" for drugs flowing from drug-producing countries in the East to drug-consuming countries in Western Europe. Investigations initiated by the DEA and its Hellenic counterparts suggest that a dramatic rise has occurred in the number and size of drug trafficking organizations operating in Greece. Having a police boat on patrol in the Evros deters illegal smuggling and trafficking activities. The Greek National Police reported that through November 2005, 10,204 kilograms of hashish, 278 kilograms of heroin, and 39 kilograms of cocaine were seized by authorities throughout Greece. A total of 11,411 individuals were arrested by the Hellenic Authorities in connection with the above seizures. Cooperation between U.S. and Greek law enforcement officials is exceptionally close and professional.

CHISINAU

Procedures

Post conducted quarterly spot checks on the equipment in conjunction with separate programs such as training events, site visits, etc. Equipment was provided to the Moldovan Customs Service, the Police Academy of the Moldovan Ministry of Interior (MOI), and the Ministry of Justice (MOJ). The GOM cooperated fully in all requests for examination/verification.

Status

Vehicles

In December 2003, post donated seven vehicles to the MOI for use in patrol and response by police personnel.

X-ray Van

Post provided an X-ray van to the Moldovan Customs Service in 1999. It is based in Chisinau but regularly deploys to Moldovan Ports of Entry. Maintenance was performed earlier this year. The van is fully operational.

Computer equipment

Only 50% of the computers at the Police Academy are fully functional. It appears that they are substandard desktop PC's. Chips on the hard drives overheat. Attempts to cannibalize them to support the remaining ten computers are underway. The multimedia classroom is well-maintained.

Miscellaneous Equipment

During 2003, post continued its efforts to advance Moldovan law enforcement capabilities by donating three pieces of INL-funded forensic equipment. Two were donated to the MOI and one to the MOJ. All three are in excellent condition and being used for their intended purposes.

The Customs stamps, although used since 2001, only became effective in 2003. It took two years for Ukrainian Customs to recognize their legitimacy.

Impact

The X-ray van has provided a strong deterrent to smugglers, forcing criminals to look for alternate means of transportation. The Customs stamps are already proving beneficial by stifling illicit trade through the Transnistria region of Moldova and adding economic pressure to the Transnistrians to engage in reunification talks.

The MOI lab has made extensive use of the two pieces of forensic equipment since their donation in late September. Document and/or chemical analysis that used to take fifteen days now takes only one. The lab performs tests for other Moldovan ministries and departments as well.

The MOJ, since enactment of the new criminal code in June 2003, performs similar document analysis and has conducted about 100 analyses for use in court since mid-October. The forensic equipment at both the MOI and MOJ labs has had a significant impact on the quality and quantity of forensic work performed by and for Moldovan law enforcement.

MOSCOW

Procedures

Post conducted periodic spot checks and reviewed government reports for Customs and Federal Drug Control Service (FSKN) procurements. Treasury has a U.S. representative at the Federal Service for Financial Monitoring (FSFM) who is present forty percent of the time and a locally hired representative who is present full time.

Status

All commodities were recently delivered to the FSKN and Russian Customs. They are being stored at the agency's storage facilities in Moscow pending delivery of the vehicles for which the equipment is intended. All equipment is in brand new condition.

Computer Equipment

Two PC units, two monitors, two printers and one laptop computer were provided to the Russian Federation on Law Enforcement Cooperation and Narcotics Control.

Computer software

Analyst Notebook and Ibridge software is used by the Anti-Money Laundering assistance program to the Federal Service of Financial Monitoring. The Treasury Department has a U.S. representative at the Federal Service for Financial Monitoring. He is present 40% of the time. In addition, a locally hired representative is present full time.

Miscellaneous Equipment

One LCD projector, one scanner, one fax machine, one television, two VCR's, two cell phones, and one first aid medical were provided to the Russian Federation on Law Enforcement Cooperation and Narcotics Control.

Canines

In 2005, Twenty-five participants and their dogs from Tadjikistan, Kirgystan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan participated in the canine training program to detect narcotics trafficking.

Problems

The LES Program Aanalyst resigned in August 2005; the new hire is not yet on board. The staff shortage affected post's ability to procure vehicles for the counternarcotics projects.

Impact

The computer software and training has been a key element of the Anti-Money Laundry assistance program and has allowed the GOR to enhance its investigations of money laundering cases. The equipment provided to Russian Customs will enable Russia to increase its capacity to fight narcotics trafficking at is borders. The canine program participants returned to their home countries with trained canines to assist in combating narcotics trafficking.

RIGA

Procedures

The RSO conducts spot checks on the equipment and meets regularly with police officials. The RSO and the Political/Economics Section are working with police officials formulating and implementing a formal equipment tracking system.

Status

Classroom equipment

Post uses a renovated classroom at the Latvian Police Academy to conduct training aimed at promoting U.S. objectives in Latvia and the Baltic region.

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment has been used to upgrade the headquarters Information Bureau and other headquarters offices. One computer was sent to the Organized Crime Section in Valka, Daugavpils Region.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The Latvian police are using the following equipment for its intended purpose: night vision equipment; fiber scopes; contraband detectors; pinhole cameras; video cameras; analytical software; gas chromatograph; and genetic analyzer.

Impact

All equipment has been coordinated into operational activities and is considered effective by the Latvian Police. Equipment provided supports the mission goal of creating more professional and capable Latvian law enforcement agencies through equipment and training.

SOFIA

Procedures

The equipment donated to the Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of Justice (MOJ), National Service for Combating Organized Crime (NSBOP), and the National Forensics Laboratory was checked through on-site inspections. Post verified the use of additional equipment distributed to the General Customs Directorate.

Status

Communications Equipment

The thirty (30) Motorola radios provided to the General Customs Directorate have been distributed to the local offices (e.g., 5 to Svilengrad, 3 to Ruse, etc.). The fiberscope is being used by Customs "Counter-Narcotics Intelligence and Investigations Unit" in Svilengrad.

Computer Equipment

Two PC model Pentium II workstations at the MOJ are used to handle the bulk of the Probation Service's workload, including all email and internet connectively and the compilation of statistics from affiliates across the country.

The six PC's and five printers at the Institute for Forensic Science are in use. Five of the six computers provided to the Minister of Interior are being used by the International Cooperation Directorate; the other has been retired.

The laptop, the seven IBM PC's, the IBM workstations, the three printers (3), and the scanner donated to the NSBOB are in good working order and in use. Six of the eight UPS' are in use. The other two are in need of battery replacement.

None of the MOI's UPS' are in use. The batteries have outlived their useful lives.

Video Equipment

All equipment (video camera, video cassette player and monitor, 16 telephones, 4 answering machines) donated in 1993 is located in the offices of the Counternarcotics Division of the Central Service. The video camera plays but can no longer record. The Ministry of Interior has requested a digital camera.

Miscellaneous equipment

The projector and 3M-tripod projection screen donated to the NSBOB are in use. The polygraph machine at the MOI Psychology Institute is in use. Its portability allows it to be used in criminal investigations across the country. The gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer, video spectral comparator, electronic laboratory balances donated to the National Forensics Institute are in good working order and in use. The gas chromatograph donated by DEA is in need of a memory card and transformer for 220V current before it can be used. DOJ ICIITAP representatives are aware of this issue and are attempting to acquire the needed parts.

Impact

Bulgarian officials appreciate the equipment provided; make use of it; and appear to want more, newer and better items. The Government of Bulgaria has formed mobile teams to stop and search vehicles for drugs around the country and seek cooperation with the United States and its neighbors. Continued support will be needed before the Bulgarian criminal justice system is able to undertake successful prosecutions of organized crime, including major drug traffickers.

TBILISI

Procedures

INL-funded programs in Georgia provide both technical and commodity support. INL-funded Department of Justice resident Legal Adviser, Senior Police Adviser, Police Academy Adviser, and Forensic Adviser provide both technical and commodity support to the Minister of the Interior Ministry of Justice, and Office of the Procurator General.

Post relies on periodic meetings and visits with decision-making level personnel of the respective agencies to monitor use and to physically inspect equipment, which has been assigned to numerous locations through Georgia. All equipment that is located in Tbilisi has been physically inspected within the last twelve months. Frequent physical inspection of each item, however, is practically impossible. INL Section Chief, together with Police, Forensic Advisers, and LES, will continue and regularize these monitoring efforts.

Status

Computer Equipment

The Ministry of Interior Affairs received four desktop computers, one laptop and a server for use in the ministry itself to expedite information processing. The Office of the Prosecuro General (Procuracy) was given 47 desktop computers as well as one laptop and 27 printers and a flat bed scanner to expedite the processing of information. The Ministry of Justice has twelve desktop computers and twelve printers all located in the Forensic Bureau Laboratory. All of these listed items located in Tbilisi have been physically accounted for. The items located in the 13 regional law libraries have been accounted for by either an actual visit or by telephonic contact with the local prosecutors. A computer in the Racch-Lechkumi/Kvemo Svaneti office was stolen. A police investigation was undertaken with no positive results. All other computers are operational.

Communications Equipment

TheMinister of Interior Affairs received one facsimile machine, which is located within the ministry headquarters. The Prosecutor General's Office has 18 fax machines: 16 are located in the various law libraries, one is with the National Money Laundering Bureau and one is in the Civil Rights Office. There are 12 hand-held, two-way Motorola radios located in the Criminal Investigations Office. They are used for crime scene control purposes. All of the equipment is operational with no problems reported.

Vehicles

Ten small four-wheel drive vehicles (Llada Nivas) were donated to the Department of Justice Bureau of Probation for the purpose of allowing caseworkers to check on probationers. The vehicles have been distributed throughout the country and all are accounted for. They are located in the following areas: Tbilisi; Kutaisi; Telavi; Ambrollauri; Gori; Rustavi; Zugdidi; Akhaltsikhe; Batumi. There have been no reported maintenance issues with any of the vehicles.

Laboratory Equipment

The Forensic Bureau Laboratory has been equipped with new office furnishings. These consist of eight conference tables, 120 conference sizes, 210 office chairs, 30 laboratory chairs (stools), 70 filing cabinets and four executed style desk chairs. In addition, to these furnishings, 90 laboratory dividers and 20 laboratory benches have also been donated. Also, a generator valued at about $100,000 and capable of powering the entire laboratory has been installed.

The following scientific equipment is on hand: HP (Hewlett Packard) Mass Spectrometer, HP Gas chromotograph, HP Gauge Controller, HP Chem.Station, HP Monitor, HP Gas chromotograph Control, Agilent (Hewlett Packard) Mass Spectrometer W/3 controllers, auto sampler, Vacuum pump, gas chromatograph, (2) Agilent gas chromotograph W/additional related items, (3) agilent gaschrometer w/additional related items, HP HPLC W/Related Items, assorted ink analysis equipment (glassware) and chemicals, stereo microscopes (4 each), ultraviolet observation box (for examination of questionable documents) 1 each, Hydrogen Generator (2 each) and assorted small parts and tools, assorted safety and First Aid equipment, petrolab petroleum testing system model ADU-4 w/supporting ancillary equipment and parts, petroleum laboratory fume hoods (4 each) w/installation materials, toxi-lab narcotics testing system w/parts and accessories (1 each), Toxi-lab fume hood (1 each).

All of the listed equipment is located in the Forensic Bureau and has been physically inspected by the Senior Forensic Adviser. Due to the poor electrical system within the Bureau, few of the more robust equipment has actually been installed.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The Public Affairs Office (PAO) has received assorted cameras, recorders, lightning equipment and a mixer to better communicate with the local media and the citizenry of Georgia. The Ministry of Internal Affairs (MOIA) has 55 Level III ballistic vests, as well as hand-held spotlights for patrol vehicles (100 ea), hand-held megaphones (20 each), car entry devices (Slim Jims) (40 sets), Police Barrier tape (2500 rolls), reflective road triangles (1,000 sets), plastic flex-cuffs (5000 packages), and Night Vision Binoculars (2 each). With the exception of the PAO equipment, all other items have been distributed within Tbilisi and the regions. The Prosecutor General's Criminal Investigative Unit was furnished with two refurbished interview rooms complete with two-way mirrors.

To support the facilities, the following electrical sound and video items were provided: video cameras (2), video recorders (2), audio recorders (2), video monitor (1). Furthermore, this same unit has a Crime Scene Search responsibility. To support this mission, they were provided with a LCD projector (1), digital camera (1), video recorder (1), micro recorder (1), tape recorder (1), digital recorder (audio)(1), television (1), metal detector (1), video work station (1). The Prosecutor's General's Office received 16 copiers, 16 small generators, 32 sets of shelves, 16 sets of law books, 16 computer work stations w/chairs, 16 conference tables, and 128 conference chairs. All of these items were given in support of the sixteen Tbilisi and regional law libraries. Furthermore, the Civil Rights Office was donated one copier, six computer work stations, w/chairs, six file cabinets, twelve sets of shelves, one conference table w/eight chairs, and six small office safes.

The Money Laundering Bureau was given one copy machine, 20 conference chairs, ten small desks, seven sets of bookshelves, two office tables, ten "L" shaped desks, four file cabinets, one conference table, one internal office telephone network, ten telephones, one sound recording system, five security cameras, and one security system w/monitor. The Supreme Court of Georgia was donated one copier. All of the miscellaneous items have been accounted for during the past twelve months either by physical inspection or telephonic verification.

Problems

With the exception of the theft of the computer in the Svaneti Region, there have been no major equipment problems in the past twelve months.

Impact

The Forensic Bureau has made extensive use of the equipment that has been installed. These items have greatly assisted in support of the law enforcement community of Georgia. The Ministry of the Interior has put the PAO equipment to good use and established closer and more amicable relationships with the various media outlets. The addition of the ballistic vests and other police items will provide both the Criminal Police and the Patrol Police with vital tools to continue the improvement of both forces.

The Prosecutor General's Office has also made extensive use of the law libraries. The Criminal Investigative /Crime Scene Unit now has tools to better and more efficiently carry out the responsibilities assigned to it. The Civil Rights Office can now investigate civil rights violations and safeguard their findings. This organization has also made extensive use of the donated items.

Program Changes

Post anticipates substantial changes within the programs with special emphasis placed on the Police School and the Forensic Bureau when both facilities are refurbished by the Corps of Engineers and better facilities become available. Post expects construction to begin in mid-2006 and end in late 2007/early 2008. Classroom space will be available to teach the new curriculum designed by the Senior Police Academy Adviser. There will be sleeping quarters that will allow regional officers to attend the school and derive benefit from the new educational process.

Additional purchases of basic police equipment and training items will occur in the near future which will greatly benefit the posture of the Patrol Police. Presently, the program of building a computerized vehicle database is on-going. The addition of a criminal database will allow the Patrol Police to deal with violators. The addition of vehicle mounted computer terminals will allow the Patrol Police infield access to vital information.

TIRANA

Procedures

ICITAP advisors who are assigned to the Ministry of Interior (MOI) and Durres seaport confirm proper use of the donations through on-site inspections and daily interactions. The Albanian State Police (ASP) agencies have been cooperative in this effort.

Status

Computer Equipment

In 2005, computer and office equipment were donated to ICITAP for exclusive use of the Port Security Force of the Durres Port Authority. Desktop computers, monitors, laptops, and photocopy machines were donated to the Deputy Minister of Interior/National Coordinator for use in Anti-trafficking.

Laptops and desktop computers were donated to the Albanian Minister of State Coordination's Office for use by the Anti-trafficking section in 2004. INL provided the MOPO with computers previously.

In 2004 and 2005, TIMS computer and communications equipment was donated to MOPO and the Albanian State Police (ASP). The equipment includes workstations, monitors, firewall devices, power supply equipment, thin clients, and printers. TIMS will enable 100 percent passenger and vehicle checks at all border crossings; guarantee efficient case management, facilitate the analysis of criminal intelligence; and enhance police accountability and transparency. The equipment is used by various units at the Ministry of Interior (MOI), such as the Criminal Analysis Unit, IT Directorate, etc. The equipment deployed at Kakavija, Kapshtica, Morine, Qafe Thane, Tushemisht, Hani Hotit, and Murigan Border Crossing Points (BCP's) is in good working order and well maintained; it is used mainly by the border police.

All-in-one machines, HP office jet 5110 (copiers, faxes, printers) were donated to the Port Security Force, Port of Durres Authority and to the Durres Police commissariat, Regional Police Directorate of Durres. They are in good working order.

Communications Equipment

In 2005, voice recorders, memory sticks, digital cameras, camcorders, and batteries were donated to the Organized Crime Directorate of the Albanian State Police for the exclusive use of the Organized Crime offices in twelve police directorates of Albania.

In 2004, ICITAP donated three hand-held radios, ICOM model IC-F15 Transceiver VHF to the Port Security Force, Port of Durres Authority. Two of the radios are in good working condition and are used by the Port Security Force (PSF) in Durres. The other radio is in use by the Port Security Office in Viora Port.

Vehicles

The FBI donated five Mitsubishi Pajeros to the Anti-Trafficking Sector of the Organized Crime Vice Directorate in 2004. ICITAP donated two motorcycles to the Special Operation Sector of the Organized Crime Vice- Directorate in 2004. Three vehicles are in good working order and assigned to regional field duty. A fourth vehicle is at the ASP motorpool undergoing mechanical repair, while a fifth vehicle was totally destroyed in a traffic accident. The two motorcycles are used in undercover operations by the Special Operations Sector. They are in good working order and well-maintained.

Canine Equipment

New constructed kennels were donated for the use of the Police Commissioner's Office in 2004. The kennel in Rinas airport is used by the police commissariat, but it has some problems with ventilation. The kennels in Durres and Durres ports are in use.

Miscellaneous Equipment

In 2005, eavesdropping devices, digitized maps, spy phones, digital cameras, voice recorders, memory cards, hand radios, car radios were donated to the Special Operation Sector in the Organized Crime Directorate, Ministry of Interior.

Night Vision Goggles, portable digital dictation machines, camera adapter kits, and memory stick were donated to the Internal Control Directorate (OIC) at MOPO in 2004. The are in good condition and in regular use during operations conducted by the OIC.

Fax machines, copies, and printers were donated to the Port Security Force and Police Commissioner, Port of Durres Authority in 2004.

In 2004, ICITAP donated a rummage kit to the Regional Police Directorate of Durres. This equipment is in good working condition and is located at the Port of Durres ferry terminal. ICITAP has recently discovered that the equipment has been under-utilized and will take steps to ensure more effective usage.

ICITAP donated a portable CO2 detector, AMC CD2 Model to the Police commissariat of the Port of Durres. It was donated for the use of the anti- trafficking sector to detect people in concealed compartments in boats and vehicles. This equipment requires repair work

Problems

ICITAP advisors have not encountered any problems during the course of monitoring activities in 2005. However, many police units still lack sufficient training to use the donated equipment. In-service and end-user training is scheduled for 2006.

Impact

INL program donated resources have significantly increased the capacity of the ASP to control Albania's borders; interdict trafficking; and conduct criminal investigations. ICITAP qualitative analysis indicates an increase in drug seizures and related arrests in Albania since the ASP received the donated equipment. Donations to the ASP's anti-narcotics Canine Breeding and Training Institute impact the success of the Three Port Strategy, the goal of which is to tighten security at Mother Teresa Airport and the Adriatic Sea ports of Durres and Viora.

Thanks to the U.S. trained dogs and their handlers, traffickers are finding it more difficult to smuggle narcotics into or out of Albania.

The donated computers have connected police with ICITAP's TIMS. Overall, the ASP remains sorely under-equipped and in need of continued international assistance in the form of equipment donations.

The Ministry approved the creation of a fully restructured Information Technology organization with the ASP in 2004. The Border Control and Criminal Records Information Systems have proven their efficiency by dramatically increasing the number of arrests at all TIMS enabled border crossings.

VALLETTA

Procedures

Post works closely with the Government of Malta (GOM) Police and the Armed Forces (AFM) to ensure proper cooperation and coordination on narcotics control issues. The RSO monitors the narcotics trafficking in the region and facilitates initiatives to expand law enforcement cooperation. Post is satisfied with GOM's efforts to control illegal drug activity and share information with Embassy officials.

The RSO works closely with the DEA Country Attache and the FBI Legal Attache based in Rome to foster cooperative efforts to strengthen law enforcement. In May 2005, DEA conducted a four-day training seminar for Maltese law enforcement agencies. Topics included surveillance techniques, raid techniques, information sharing, and interdiction tactics.

Status

An eighty-seven foot "protector" class patrol boat was provided to the Armed Forces of Malta through Foreign Military Sales in November of 2002. Post's Defense Attach´┐Ż (DAO) works very closely with the Armed Forces on issues related to crew training and the boat's operational effectiveness. DAO monitors the patrolling activity for quantitative results. To date, the patrol boat has not been involved in a drug interdiction mission. However, the rigid hull inflatable boat participated in a June 2005 police operation that was successful in interdicting seven kilos of heroine in Maltese territorial waters.

Impact

U.S. law enforcement and security agencies and their Maltese counterparts continue to cooperate closely on drug-related crime. The joint effort to provide training, support, and assistance to GOM law enforcement agencies has clearly improved the Maltese enforcement ability to profile individuals possible involved with trafficking and /or in possession of dangerous drugs. The number of arrests and seizures for drug-related offenses has steadily increased, indicating that Maltese authorities are committed to battling the drug problem in their country. Although the drug problem in Malta will probably not reach a level with a concentrated INL initiative is warranted, GOM can clearly benefit from close USG cooperation.

YEREVAN

Procedures

Donations were documented through side letters and inventory spreadsheets. Post's INL officer inventoried all of the classroom equipment at the training facilities. The INL officer inspected the X-ray van at the postal warehouse where it is used to X-ray incoming and outgoing mail. EXBS office personnel regularly observe and receive usage reports on the X-ray van. It is inspected and serviced twice a year.

Status

X-ray Van

In August 1999, INL installed an X-ray van for the Customs Department and provided relevant operation, maintenance and service training. Post regularly observes and received usage reports on the vehicle. It is inspected and serviced twice a year. It is based at the post office and used to inspect suspicious parcels and other materials. It also travels to various border crossings as needed.

Metal Detectors

The sixteen big metal detectors and fourteen hand-held and six walk-through metal detectors provided to the Office of the President of the Republic of Armenia in October 1999 were not properly inventoried by post upon receipt. Post's efforts to identify the equipment with serial numbers in order to make a thorough inventory and monitor equipment has not been successful. GOAM offices have the metal detectors in use. They have been observed by Embassy staff during routine visits.

Classroom Equipment

Equipment was installed in two classrooms in the National Police Academy. One classroom is in the Police NCO Training Center, and two classrooms are at the Procuracy Training Center under the auspices of a Law Enforcement Academy Development Project. The equipment includes: TV's, LCD projectors, laser jet printers, desktop computers, simultaneous interpretation equipment, scanners, projection screen, etc. All of the equipment is in excellent working condition.

Computer Equipment

The following equipment was donated to the Kanaker NCO Training Center: 15 desktop computers, 15 color monitors, two network servers, two laser jet printers, 15 computer desks, and 15 computer desk chairs.

The following equipment was donated to the National Police Academy: 25 desktop computers, 20 computer desks, 20 computer desk chairs, two network servers, 2 laser jet printers, and one scanner.

The following equipment was donated to the Procuracy Training Center: 10 desktop computers, 10 color monitors, 2 network servers, 2 laser jet printers, two scanners.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Photocopiers, television, flipcharts, video cameras, overhead projectors, simultaneous interpretation equipment slide projectors, etc. were provided to each training center.

Impact

The classroom and computer equipment at the training centers has enhanced the training programs at all three facilities. The Kanaker Police NCO Training Center has been relocated while the facility is being renovated. The classroom and computer equipment at the Procuracy Training Center has been used for training in support of the independent forensic lab being developed in Armenia. The X-ray van has been used on a regular basis to inspect suspicious parcels and other material.

Problems

The picture on the screen of the X-ray machine is not clear. It is time to upgrade the X-ray van if it is to continue to be used. The van has only 5,000 miles on the odometer. However, 61,990 inspections have been made.



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