The INL program assistant conducted periodic visits throughout the year to verify the status of commodities located in the outlying areas of the country. In addition, new color-coded and numbered stickers were placed on all items that were donated to the Government of Paraguay (GOP) to include vehicles and office furniture. INL provides computer equipment, software, training courses, vehicles, and tactical equipment to a variety of GOP agencies. These agencies include the Anti-Drug Secretariat (SENAD), the Ministry of Women for Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Program, the Specialized Investigation Unit (UTE), the Statistics Center Unit of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MIC), and the Public Ministry IPR Prosecutor’s Unit.
All items provided to SENAD, SEPRELAD, UTE, MIC, and the Ministry of Woman’s Affairs are in good working condition, except for a few equipment items that were identified as deteriorated by normal wear and tear. The deteriorated equipment was separated out in order to proceed with the proper disposal. The GOP maintains INL-provided commodities in several field locations including Ciudad Del Este (CDE), Mariscal Estigarriba, Asuncion, and Pedro Juan Caballero. All equipment is used for its intended purpose.
Five new vehicles were donated to the IPR unit of the Public Ministry for operational and interdiction purposes. Two of these vehicles are in CDE and are kept in mint condition.
The SENAD has 21 INL-provided vehicles ranging in model years from 1996 to 2005. These vehicles are in good condition and are currently in use by SENAD for operational and interdiction purposes. INL provides maintenance services to 14 of these vehicles through a contract with a local dealer. The accident rate is very low; this year only one serious accident occurred during a SENAD operation. Fortunately, no casualties were reported and the insurance company is in the process of covering all the vehicles damages. Additionally, SENAD has four motorcycles.
Three vehicles were donated to UTE for operational and interdiction purposes. These vehicles are in excellent condition and are also being used for their intended purpose.
SENAD has two boats with outboard motors and trailers. They are in working condition but need to be replaced soon.
Last year, INL provided computer equipment to UTE, SENAD, the Women’s Secretariat, and the Public Ministry. All of the equipment is in good working condition and is being used for its intended purpose.
In 2007, INL provided three new desktop computers, one laptop and three printers to SENAD; two computer servers, and one desk computer, four laptops, and nine printers to the Public Ministry; and one desktop computer to the Women’s Secretariat. All are in good condition and being used for their intended purpose.
INL funds support the detector dog program, which employs 13 dogs. INL funding provides veterinary care, food, new dogs, uniforms, and maintenance of the kennels and a vehicle for transporting the canines and guides to the various checkpoints throughout the country. This year one of the detector dogs died and three new dogs were locally purchased and incorporated into the program. The canine units are housed in kennels located at Asuncion Silvio Petirrossi International Airport, the SENAD regional bases at Mariscal Estigaribia, and Pedro Juan Caballero.
In 2007, the canines detected 51 kilogams of cocaine and 279 kilograms of marihuana, primarily through interdiction operations in Asuncion’s International Airport and in Mariscal Estigarribia, which is in the northern part of Paraguay near its border with Bolivia.
The communications equipment donated in prior years was inventoried by the INL program assistant and accounted for. In general, most of the equipment that had been donated in prior years is in fair condition; however, it is recommended that this equipment be replaced promptly.
The SENAD laboratory is equipped with one auto-injector module for eight sampler turrets, an auto-sampler tray module, and a Chem-Station PC bundle system. This equipment, donated in 2005, is in excellent condition. The drug laboratory played a key role in identifying the drugs, contributing to the conviction of drug traffickers.
The SENAD Central Counter Drug Laboratory has an Agilent Gas Chromatograph, a Mass Spectrometer System (GCMS), and a Gas Chromatograph Flame Ionization Device (GCFID) to support evidence processing in criminal drug cases. This lab equipment will support future investigative procedures and help bring investigative standards closer to international standards.
All laboratory equipment is located at SENAD’s base in Asuncion.
INL concluded the construction of a regional office facility for SENAD in Pedro Juan Caballero on April 11 at the approximate cost of $500K. This project was designed to enhance the GOP’s narcotics enforcement activities and cooperation with other Southern cone countries. The new facility includes one dorm for 30 special agents, one administrative building, a hanger and a K-9 kennel facility. At the end of the year, INL inspected this regional facility, which is being used and maintained properly. Post’s INL assistant also conducted periodic visits to the facility during the year.
INL donated furniture to the new regional TIP Shelter in Asuncion, including six bunk beds, 12 lockers, two desks, kitchen appliances, two tables, 10 chairs, a living room set and office equipment.
The USG continues to support GOP efforts to enhance its institutional capabilities to combat and prosecute transnational and organized crime. For SENAD, all office equipment, communications equipment, vehicles, the canine program and the new facility in PJC are aimed at bolstering interdiction efforts and operational capabilities. SENAD has continued to make advances in its drug enforcement activities, including the seizure of cocaine and marijuana and the disruption of important drug networks that operate in the country.
Post’s assistance to the MIC is dedicated to helping the IPR unit of UTE increase its ability to conduct operations in the tri-border area. Support to the Women’s Secretariat is primarily to combat TIP and to establish a shelter that can accommodate up to 20 women and girls who have been illegally trafficked outside Paraguay. Staff members will provide victims with medical, legal, and psychological assistance.
Consultations with counterparts
The NAS held regular working meetings with Government of Colombia (GOC) counterparts to discuss operations and the status of USG provided assets. The three entities which receive the bulk of INL-provided resources are the CNP Antinarcotics Directorate (DIRAN), its aviation wing (ARAVI), and the Colombian Army (COLAR). Among those counterparts were the Colombian National Police (CNP) Anti-Narcotics Division (DIRAN), its aviation component (ARAVI), and the Colombian Army Aviation Unit (COLAR). The NAS obtained selected GOC inventories of USG-provided equipment to compare with NAS records, ensuring donated materials were accounted for properly. During 2007, the EUM coordinator along with the CNP Cooperation International performed joint site visits to 36 EMCAR squadrons around Colombia to check commodities against inventory and purchase documents from NAS and the CNP.
NAS Program Manager Responsibilities
Each NAS Program Manager, in coordination with the NAS EUM, is responsible for the reviews of support provided to the program he/she oversees. The NAS tailors the technology and methods for tracking support to the size and scope of each program, ranging from simple hand receipts to spreadsheets to bar-coding and electronic databases. American Direct Hire (USDH) and American contract (USPSC) personnel are responsible for contributing to the annual report, using the results of site visits and inventory checks. USG-provided equipment managed by contractors is also covered by the EUM process.
NAS Bogota EUM Resources
The NAS Management Section has an EUM Coordinator and EQ Reporting Officers who assists program staff with the EUM program, supported by the NAS Audit Unit. The EUM Coordinator implemented updated monitoring procedures, carried out inventory checks and audits, and oversaw the disposal of surplus and hazardous materials. The EUM coordinator also confirmed and evaluated the methods used to check the inventory at different locations throughout Colombia.
Non-expendable assets provided to CNP ARAVI which require monitoring includes aircraft, vehicles, weapons, computers, construction intrusion detection equipment, and communications equipment. Expendable resources provided to ARAVI, includes fuels, oils, lubricants, and ammunition. The Lockheed-Martin Company (LM) supported aircraft maintenance under a contract with INL.
NAS Aviation Unit
The NAS Aviation Unit (NAU) met its annual EUM requirements, verifying the location and condition of 2,056,274 accountable property items valued at $40,929,923.94. The EUM task included reviewing NAU property book items, DynCorp International (DI) property book, and field visits. Both DynCorp and the NAU have completed their 100% annual inventory. The Department of State INL Property Book Officer visited Colombia in November to verify DynCorp’s property management procedures. He did not identify any major discrepancies with the DynCorp or NAU management procedures.
Institutional Contractor Support
NAS has a total of 1,347 personnel including USDH and USPSC staff; American, Colombian, and third country national contract personnel employed under contracts with LM; Contracting, Consulting, Engineering (CCE); Dyncorp (DI); Aeronautical Radio, Inc. (ARINC); and Olgoonik Logistics LLC. These institutional contractors are an integral part of the NAS programs and actively participate in monitoring the use of USG-provided equipment, conducting inventories and preparing status reports on program assets.
NAS Assistance to Other USG Agencies
NAS assistance to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) for counternarcotics (CN) programs covers support to such GOC agencies such as the Colombian Department of Administrative Security (DAS), Judicial Police Directorate (DIJIN), Antinarcotics Intelligence Unit (ANTIN), Special Investigation, the Colombian Navy (COLNAV) Intelligence Unit, and the Colombian Air Force (COLAF) Intelligence Unit.
Along with the NAS, DEA, Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF); Immigration Customs Enforcement (ICE)Units (SIU), Presidential Security Program (PSP); and the Justice Sector Reform Program (JSRP); all maintain databases of equipment donated to their counterpart agencies. Those databases identify items by brand, model, serial number, location, and condition. All agencies conducted random unscheduled visits to ensure that all USG-funded assets were accounted for and being used for their intended purposes.
The Colombian National Police (CNP) Eradication Program and Colombian Army (COLAR) Aviation Program, both managed by the NAS Aviation Unit (NAU) and supported by a contract with DynCorp, were major recipients of INL-funded support. NAS Bogota and the INL Air Wing (INL/A) conducted regular program reviews to ensure that aircraft were being used for their designated purposes and that the contractor was complying with all contract support requirements. There are currently 188 aircraft for all programs.
While the GOC has operational control of USG-provided aircraft, the USG retains title. The Letter of Agreement (LOA) specifies the authorized use for all aircraft. Any other use, such as disaster relief or humanitarian operations, must be approved by the Embassy. The CNP and COLAR provide regular status reports to the NAS. The NAS conducts random reviews of flight logs for all USG-supported aircraft.
Twenty-one UH-1N II
On October 2, a NAS-supported UH-1H II titled to the USG and operated by the CNP crashed during a training mission and was a complete loss. There were no fatalities.
In April, four (4) UH-1H-II helicopters were added to the fleet.
Thirty-three Huey II’s
AIR BRIDGE DENIAL
Five Citation 560’s
One Cessna 182
NAS program funds provided jet fuel, aviation gasoline, and methanol (fuel additive for C-26 aircraft) for all NAS-supported aircraft. During 2007, the CNP fuel office delivered fuel to over 30 eradication and interdiction missions totaling approximately 6,304 flight hours throughout Colombia. The NAS supplied 2,997,041 gallons of A1 jet fuel, aviation gasoline, and methanol to the aircraft programs valued at $9,039,166. as of October 31, 2007.
The NAS also supplied 44,319 gallons of regular gasoline and 10,017 gallons of diesel fuel to CNP vehicles with a total value of $147,155.00.
The NAS installed fuel recuperation tanks at three semi-fixed sites. Four additional portable fuel recuperation tanks have been locally fabricated for deployed sites for recycling drained fuel. Recycling drained fuel should result in annual savings of $34,000. Waste fuel and oil is very difficult to dispose of locally. Local fuel companies do not always adhere to environmental laws for disposal. Environmentally safe fuel burners have been installed at five fixed sites to burn accumulated waste fuel and oils.
The NAS provided equipment to the CNP to establish an in-house capacity for a fuel equipment calibration program. The testing laboratory and staff training should was completed in August 2007.
The NAS construction unit was staffed in 2007 by three architects and one civil engineer. The unit manages all phases of NAS-funded construction projects including contract administration and advice to GOC on projects requirements and maintenance issues. Under the EUM program, NAS construction unit staff conducted site visits to ensure that U.S. funded facilities were being used for their intended purposes.
The CY-2007 construction program is vastly reduced in scope compared to the Plan Colombia peak between CY-2002 and CY-2005. The NAS nonetheless conducted an active program of 22 small projects throughout Colombia valued at $3,660.065.
In 2007, the NAS supported construction of the Plan Colombian Helicopter Program (PCHP) at the COLAR base in Tolemaida including heliports, containers, soil studies, repair shops for UH-60 helicopters, waiting room for C-27 passengers, and fuel tanks, as well as classrooms, offices and sanitary rooms at the Air Force Base at Melgar.
For the CNP/Interdiction and Eradication program at the CNP bases in Apartado, Santa Marta, Tres Esquinas, Tumaco, Tulua, and Bogota including communication rooms and towers, there were security improvements, contention areas, furniture, runway improvements and repairs, maintenance and repair of communication towers, and an emergency generator.
The Carabineros program provided support at the Carabineros base at Pijaos and at Bogota, including soil samples and construction for an underground water well, upgrades of the NVG laboratory, bathrooms, and for the Carabineros bases at Guateque, La Uribe, and Piamonte police base construction (barracks, office, diner, and guarding post).
At the Forward Operating Base (FOB) in Larandia, security improvements included an upgraded weaponry bunker and repairs of the runway.
In the remote Vichada department in Cumaribo, the NAS completed runway repairs and barracks/quarters upgrades to ensure safe and sanitary conditions for eradication missions during CY-2007.
In Bogota, the Presidential Security Program installed a closed circuit camera system at El Palacio de Nario.
INL provides funds for vehicles which the NAS in turn distributes to a variety of NAS and Department of Justice (DOJ) programs which manage counternarcotics support to host country agencies. In CY-2007, the vehicles went to host country agencies as follows: four (4) to NAU COLAR and Eradication, fifteen (15) to Overseas Prosecutorial Development Assistance and Training (OPDAT), ten (10) to NAS CNP OPS, and one hundred twenty (120) to NAS CNP Interdiction. All 154 vehicles added in CY-2007 are in good condition.
Armored SUVs Level 3
Armored SUV’s Level 5
The strict controls over USG-provided Defense Articles extend to night vision goggles (NVG). Any unit that receives weapons or NVG support must prepare monthly inventories and status reports, which are reconciled by NAS program managers.
All NAS host nation, counterpart agencies that received communications equipment provided inventories and status reports upon request. Equipment includes two-way radios, portable satellite phones, digital hybrid IP PBX, radio C-5000, and VHS transmitter receivers. Comparison of NAS records with analysis of Colombian inventories showed no major discrepancies. The NAS employs a US PSC Communications Advisor who aides the CNP and other GOC entities in identifying requirements, conducting training, and monitoring program implementation. The advisor also works with host nation counterparts to develop a nation-wide strategy for regional and tactical communications support.
In CY-07, ARAVI operations received secure aircraft radios, cellular phones, and a new computerized aircraft tracking system. There are now secure communications between aircraft and ground units. All aircraft in flight are automatically monitored by a secure internet-based system that tracks location, speed, altitude, and alternate communications options in case of emergency.
The Andean Counterdrug Initiative and Special Investigative Unit program funding supports a wide variety of communications equipment such as interceptors, radios, and recorders in locations throughout Colombia. DEA agents work closely with the GOC units that receive this equipment to ensure proper use.
DI, the NAU Eradication and the PCHP program contractor have a section that manages all communications equipment used by DI in the two programs. All equipment is in satisfactory condition. The contractor issues equipment to personnel using hand receipts and conducts an annual one hundred percent inventory as stipulated in the contract.
The NAU Logistics and Facilities Section monitors the use of communications equipment assigned to the NAU Program Advisors. Equipment is tracked in the NAU property book, and accountability is enforced through an annual one hundred percent property inventory review and inspection process.
USG-provided computer equipment forms the backbone of systems for detecting, tracking, identifying, removing and/or detaining narco-terrorists in Colombia. NAS PSC advisors monitored USG-provided computer equipment used to maintain CNP ARAVI logistics, maintenance, training, and aircrew flight records. GOC recipients have provided inventories and status reports upon request. The NAS Management Section employs a computer programmer and two computer specialists who assist program staff and GOC counterparts with maintenance and technical support and aid in identifying requirements for new and upgraded systems and databases.
NAS computer equipment was inventoried as part of the annual inventory inspection. Lost, damaged, or destroyed items (LDD) were reported in accordance with State Department regulations and procedures. The NAS Audit unit oversaw the disposal of LDD items. DI has a separate IT section that manages all IT equipment DI uses in support of both the Eradication and PCHP programs. All IT equipment is in satisfactory condition. The contractor controls IT equipment issued to contract personnel using hand receipts and conducts an annual one hundred percent inventory as stipulated in the contract. The NAU Logistics and Facilities Section monitors the use of IT equipment assigned to NAU program advisers. NAU IT property is tracked in the NAU property book, and accountability is enforced through the annual one hundred percent property inventory and inspection.
NAS program managers supported Colombian counterparts with a variety of IT equipment including tactical rugged laptops, desktops, digital cameras, network switches, printers, and servers. The GOC units receiving computer support have provided the requested inventories and status reports.
ARAVI installed Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) at five fixed bases, completing full installation plans. Extensive repairs were made to systems damaged by operator error and lightning strikes. The Santa Maria Intrusion Detection Equipment (IDE) system control room and barracks fire detection system were damaged due to an authorized CNP connection. They are awaiting CNP National Funding to repair the systems.
NAU miscellaneous equipment was reconciled as part of the annual inventory inspection. LDD items were reported in accordance with State Department regulations and procedures. The NAS audit unit oversaw the disposal of LDD items.
INL funding channeled through DOJ provided digital cameras and video cameras to the Office of the Attorney General (Fiscalia) and law enforcement agencies throughout Colombia to enhance the effectiveness of investigations. The equipment is being properly maintained and in good condition.
Aerial Eradication Program
The Colombia Army Counterdrug Brigade (CD) provides three important services that support U.S. objectives in Colombia: protection of aerial eradication missions; drug interdiction missions; and occasional missions against high-value targets (HVTs).
For CY-07, the aerial eradication program set a goal of 160,000 hectares. As of December 11, 2007, they had sprayed nearly 151,000 hectares. The CD Brigade ground support secured 96,691 hectares during spray operations through mid December. In addition, as of December 11, the CD Brigade seized over 1.5 metric tons of coca paste, destroyed 35 HCL labs and 323 coca base labs, in addition to destroying 191,175 gallons of liquid precursors and 178,303 of solid precursors. Without NAS funding and support, the CD Brigade would not be able to maintain the level of readiness and professionalism needed for these critical missions, and the Brigade would not have seen such impressive results.
The ABD program has reduced considerably the number of illegal tracks from 50 a month to two per month. The location of the tracks has also changed significantly. At the beginning of the program, illegal tracks were seen throughout Colombia but now they are seen mostly at the border of Venezuela and near the Caribbean coast. The use of ABD aircraft in a maritime patrol role has been successful. Several illegal boats have been confiscated with a few tons of cocaine and supplies.
U.S. vehicle support to Colombia is a proven force multiplier, increasing the mobility of counternarcotics units. Most counternarcotics units operate in remote rural areas without paved roads. The trucks give the Colombians the means to mobilize rapidly against terrorist elements. They can now locate, close in on, fire on, and outmaneuver the enemy. Continued U.S. support is crucial to increasing the units’ success against the narcoterrorist organizations. Just one significant example is the donation of NAS-purchased sedans and motorcycles for Intel purposes.
CY-2007 was another record year for eradication of illicit crops in Colombia. ARAVI aircraft and crews continued to play a significant role in providing support for spray operations. T-65 operations are wholly supported by ARAVI gun ships and Search and Rescue (SAR) helicopters. All other spray operations, using AT-802 and OV-10 aircraft, have CNP copilots and gunners. CNP “Halcon” gunships provide additional cover. They were instrumental in rescuing the crew of a downed eradication helicopter. AVARI participated in security support operations for Colombian congressional and presidential elections and continued to play a role in numerous interdiction operations. ARAVI provides aerial intelligence platforms and, with Embassy approval, supports other police units when assets are available.
The benefit of U.S. funded air support in Colombia cannot be overstated. Given the size and geographic diversity of Colombia, air support is essential to CNP efforts. In CY-2007, the aerial eradication program sprayed 160,000 hectares (gross, unadjusted)
Under the aerial monitoring provided by the ABD program, the number of illegal tracks was reduced to nearly half the number compared to the outset of the ABD program. The location of tracks has also changed significantly. At the beginning of the program, illegal tracks were found throughout Colombia, but are now confined primarily to northern areas on the Venezuelan border and near the Caribbean coast.
INL funding for DOJ programs is key component of the total support to the Fiscalia and GOC law enforcement agencies of Colombia. Equipment donations, training efforts, unit development, and on-site technical assistance all increase GOC abilities to investigate and prosecute crime.
The NAS Environmental Program’s support to the CNP ranges all the way from air resources, equipment, and smoke grenades to such basic items as lodging and meals for verification teams or Colombian environmental compliance personnel in the field, thus ensuring that missions comply with the Environmental Management Plan. Environmental compliance is crucial to continued government and public support of the aerial eradication program.
In 2007, the NAS and the CNP completed two verification trips, five monitoring and 14 damage claims trips.
The CNP Pijaos experimental plot received NAS-funded equipment and infrastructure support in CY-06 and now has a functioning 2,000 plant coca plot. Under the oversight of the NAS eradication policy adviser, the experimental plot is used to conduct tests on glyphosate mixtures, to measure the timing and effectiveness of aerial spraying, and to evaluate the efficacy of pruning and replanting efforts by local growers. All the data obtained from these experiments will serve as important indicators in evaluating the overall success of the eradication program.
By establishing new standards, training, and protocols, the ATF Explosives Program directly supported the creation of 74 explosives units around the country, 62 bomb squads, and 12 explosive investigative units, all of which have proven very effective in combating terrorism. Since the start of the ATF Explosives Program in CY-02, the fatalities among bomb technicians during “render safe” procedures dropped substantially. From six fatalities in 2002, the rate dropped to zero facilities in CY-03 and CY-04. There was only one fatality in CY-05 and CY-06. There were no fatalities in 2007.
The NAS USPSC Communications Adviser supports the CNP and other GOC entities in identifying requirements, conducting training, and monitoring program implementation. Communications support enabled Colombian counterparts to improve command and control performance both at the tactical level and at the national level. Satellite iridium phones and ICOM, Inc. air-to-ground radios enabled the man on the ground to communicate with aircraft and gave ground commanders nationwide communications, which is especially important in the jungle.
Computers and network devices donated to Colombian units allowed the establishment of limited expanded data networks, facilitating the timely movement of critical information.
Reentry into Society Program
NAS assistance to GOC ministries under the Reentry Into Society Program (RIS) for demobilized combatants had a noticeable impact. Valuable intelligence for deserters prevented terrorist actions, aided criminal prosecutions in Colombia and the United States and led to the discovery and seizure of weapons, explosives, drugs, and other illegal material.
All GOC counterpart agencies have responded favorably to the entire range of Presidential Security Program (PSP) support, advice, training, and equipment. This includes on-the-spot advice on protection operations and security assessments, formal training for all protection personnel, and provision of security-related equipment. The Vice President of Colombia stated in December of 2007 that without the PSP, neither he nor President Uribe would likely be alive today. Funding for this PSP program expires in September 2008. The program will be phased out by the end of the fiscal year.
All aircraft except for the Bell-212 fleet have secure communication capability. The Bell-212 aircraft wiring and cockpit reengineering is underway. The project has completed five aircraft with secure communications capability and at the conclusion of the rewiring project, the remaining six aircraft will have the secure communications capability. Repair of extensive corrosion and previously unreported operator damages will be completed in 2009.
Funding constraints make it increasingly difficult to procure new and replacement vehicles for counterpart agencies. A significant number of donated vehicles date as far back as 1998 and are at the end of their useful life, especially considering that operations are mostly in remote areas with harsh terrain. Maintenance costs for aging vehicles are increasing rapidly, and many vehicles are no longer cost effective to keep in the inventory. The NAS needs to assist counternarcotics units annually to replace a percentage of decaying fleet. Funding limits have prevented the NAS and DEA from donating more than a token number of vehicles to recently established counternarcotics units.
Vehicle control procedures have been set to prevent any abuse or misuse by doing more inspections and requesting the status of the vehicles periodically.
The ATF program encountered only a few problems with transfer or inventory provided to the CNP, DAS, CTI bomb squads and explosive investigative units.
The NAS and other agencies note that some CNP, DAS, and CTI units fail to buy their own supplies, such as copier, toner, or neglect to maintain equipment. However, overall cooperation is very good and institutional support for our agencies is high.
Reviews of illegal traffic showed the need for forward deployment of ABD trackers and Colombian Air Force interceptors. Budget cuts prevent funding of additional ABD facilities. COLAF is proceeding with short-term deployment of interceptors and trackers. Post has refurbished three trailers to serve as temporary lodging and maintenance facilities for forward deployments. The transition of the two COLAF C-26 aircraft to a tracker role failed because DOD installed F-16 first generation radar in the aircraft, for which no parts are available. Interception radars were replaced by weather radars and the two aircraft will be used mostly in reconnaissance or maritime patrol roles.
The NAS detected abuse/misuse of maintenance and fuel at CNP/DIRAN unit which was addressed directly to the CNP Director who took immediate action with the commander of the unit to fix the problem. The NAS withdrew the fuel and maintenance support to that unit.
Under the ATF support program, the first four phases of the Explosives Program are complete: Phase I-creation of bomb squads; Phase II-equipment purchases; Phase III-training on equipment; and Phase IV-establish operational protocols. In CY-07, ATF met the Phase V goal of continued training. NAS and ATF will review the timeline for the final ATF goal of enabling each GOC agency to become self-sufficient in explosives programs.
Since July 2006, NAS has not provided assistance to the Brazilian Federal Police (DPF) and has reduced assistance to other partners. However, post has maintained regular and frequent contact with the DPF, particularly their Drug Enforcement Division. Due to the reduction in funding support, many NAS-donated commodities are older and past their useful lives, although they are still being used by GOB counterparts. EUM procedures used in 2007 are not as effective as they could be. As the NAS finalizes its restructuring and resumes operations, more effective EUM procedures will be implemented along with stronger cooperation by GOB counterpart agencies.
The USG donated 14 Boston Whaler vessels to the DPF mostly dating from 1991. They are assigned to different areas in the northern region of Brazil. The DPF informed the NAS that four assigned to Manaus are all functioning on a daily basis and are in good condition; the one assigned to Foz do Iguacu was loaned to the Drug Enforcement Division in Curitiba, but it will be returned to Foz do Iguacu within the next three months; the two assigned to Proto Velho and Guajara-Mirim are not working due to electrical, motor, and instrument problems; the two assigned to Macapa need maintenance but are waiting for funds to be authorized. There are also three in Belem, one in Santarem and one in Tabatinga, but the DPF Drug Enforcement Division has been unable to provide their status. The NAS will include all Boston Whalers in the EUM visits in 2008.
The 36-foot patrol boat provided under the 506(A) drawdown was fully renovated by the Brazilian Police and inaugurated in May of 2001. The DPF installed GPS/VHS equipment, as well as a depth finder and a police siren. The vessel is used exclusively in harbor patrol crime prevention activities. It is currently in the water at Praca 15 de Novembro (Rio de Janeiro’s city port). However, the vessel is not functioning due to a cracked hull and motor problems. The Federal Police have estimated a cost of $90,000 to repair the vessel.
During 2006, the NAS provided the DPF with five bomb detective dogs. The dogs were distributed to Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizons, Fortaleza and Porto Alegre. The DPF informed NAS that the dogs are alive and participated in operations during the Pan-American games held in Rio de Janeiro in July 2007 and during the Pope’s visit in Sao Paulo and in Aparecida and Guarantingueta in May 2007. The dog located in Rio de Janeiro was transferred to Brasilia. The dog in the Brasilia kennel has produced 7 puppies; they are 1 year old now.
Desktop computers, monitors, printers and scanners donated in 2004 are being used as intended and are repaired when necessary.
In 2002, basic computer equipment, including monitors, CPU's, printers, webcams, keyboards, speakers, and UPS, were provided by the NAS through SENAD for use by the 26 Brazilian State Drug Councils (CONENS) as well as a connecting unit for SENAD and the CONEN of the Federal District. All of the equipment was observed in use and functioning, creating an “Antidrug Informational Network” connecting the State Drug Councils with SENAD in Brasilia.
Communication gear, including fax machines, Nextel cellular phones, pen drivers, webcams camcorders, digital cameras and accessories provided to the DPF’s Drug Enforcement Division are being used as intended as are repaired when necessary.
On-site inspections and DPF/DRE reports indicate that most USG-donated communications gear, including two-way radios and fax machines, are operational, in good condition, and being used regularly in police counternarcotics operations.
In 2002, the NAS provided basic law enforcement equipment to the Civil Police Forces of nine Brazilian States in the Amazon Section through the Brazilian National Public Safety Secretariat (SENASP). The equipment includes computer equipment, narcotics kits, flashlights, bulletproof vests, first aid kits, CPR masks, life vests stearns, night vision goggles, handcuffs, gun cabinets, bolt cutters and bullet proof vests. The equipment was determined by post to have exceeded its useful life and was not monitored in 2007.
The NAS staff visited Sensitive Investigative Unit (SIU) bases in Rio de Janeiro and San Paulo, which produced notable results. Their successes have resulted in a dramatic increase in the number of new operations, which has also created a number of problems. The SIU bases are seriously understaffed and have outgrown their physical space. While they are using donated equipment effectively in their operations, the SIU’s need new equipment including a server dedicated to handling the internet interception system. The SIU’s would also benefit from upgrades to and maintenance of NAS-donated software.
Although the SIU’s are successful in their operations and contribute to the NAS counter-narcotics missions, they are hindered by poor working conditions in their present facilities, understaffing, and a lack of updated and/or necessary equipment. The NAS has budgeted for counternarcotics cooperation between the GOB and USG.
Additionally, both bases requested NAS support to develop an “Internal Training Cadre” that would be available for in-country training on Brazil and Brazilian City-specific issues. The potential impact of such a training cadre would be a more highly skilled and more effective staff, thereby resulting in improvements to an already successful program.
The amount of funding and assistance given to the Federal Police accounts for a considerable percentage of their entire national anti-narcotics interdiction budget. This assistance, in the form of equipment, is vital to the anti-narcotics interdiction efforts in Brazil.
Post’s Narcotics Coordinator does not have PD&S funding and is unable to fund on-site inspections or periodic spot checks to perform End Use Monitoring. The Coordinator relies on DEA officers to assess appropriate usages of INL-funded equipment. Argentine law enforcement officials provide post with periodic updates on equipment. While this system of overlapping verification methods was deemed in the past the best possible end use appraisal system available given Post’s resources, post is reviewing its procedures to ensure they are fully consistent with INL guidelines.
The majority of equipment is located in the northern provinces of Salta and Jujuy. All indications are that all provided equipment is being used for its intended purposes. No single case of inappropriate or unauthorized use was reported in 2007. In general, the equipment provided through INL funding continues to be used but with problems coming from advancing age and hard use. Many computers, vehicles, and radio equipment are near or well past their useful lives.
The two dogs provided to the Northern Border Task Forces (NBTF) in 1988 are healthy, but old and have reached, or are nearing, the end of their useful lives. The Government of Argentina bred six additional dogs for the program. The total force of six dogs allows the handlers to maintain a rotation schedule that ensures the safe and efficient use of the animals.
One gas tank fiberscope and 20 digital cameras were purchased in 2006; the fiberscope was provided to the NBTF; out of the 20 cameras, sixteen were provided to the Argentine counterparts and four are still to be distributed to DEA. Post continues to personally observe that both National and Provincial Police Forces make good use of the miscellaneous equipment (handcuffs, vests, flashlights, cameras, etc.) provided to them in previous years.
Communications equipment has not been donated in the last few years. Radio transmitters provided to the Northern Border Task Force (NBTF) require routine maintenance and repair. Many hand-held radios provided to Federal and Provincial Police throughout Argentina need to be repaired or replaced because of wear and tear resulting from routine use under harsh operational conditions.
Two laptops with networking system and 18 desktops were provided in 2006 to the Northern Border Task Force (NBTF) and other GOA counterpart agencies. Delays in receiving the computers and mislabeling at the Embassy warehouse delayed distribution. Post is in the process of distributing the computers to the target agencies.
One Chevrolet double cabin pickup was provided to the NBTF in 2006; it is currently in use by the NBTF. One Ford Cargo Van and one sedan was purchased in May 2006. They are being used by the Mendoza Provincial Police Counternarcotics unit. Vehicles provided in previous years (1993-1997) have over 200,000 miles on them and require fairly extensive routine maintenance on suspension and brakes. A few vehicles purchased in 1989 have reached the end of their useful lives.
In 2007, post initiated the purchase of six sedans that are to be distributed among the NBTF, EBTF, and the Federal Police. Post expects to receive delivery of the vehicles from the dealer shortly.
Post lost its Narcotics Coordinator position in June 2006. These additional duties were assumed by the Political Military Officer. A lack of PD&S resources limits the Narcotics Coordinator’s effectiveness in managing post’s INL account. The ongoing political instability in neighboring Bolivia coincides with growing cocaine transit through and in Argentina. GOA Law Enforcement Agencies provide exceptional cooperation to post agencies on counternarcotics issues, providing an opportunity to greatly improve the GOA’s ability to combat drug trafficking.
Lack of resources and dedicated personnel hampers post’s efforts in this area. The Narcotics Coordinator has requested PD&S funding to conduct a comprehensive review of donated equipment, establish an effective end-use monitoring system, and fund an eligible family member or locally employed position to help manage this important program.
While the INL-funded program in Argentina has been a small one, it continues to have a positive impact especially on the perennially under-funded Provincial Police Anti-Drug Units operating in the northern provinces. In 2007, DEA established a NBTF-like operation in the Misiones Province, near the Tri-Border Area with Brazil and Paraguay. Argentina law enforcement agencies have reported large increases in cocaine seizures over the past several years. Post, lead by DEA, has actively assisted local law enforcement in their counternarcotics efforts. Drug seizures by GOA law enforcement agencies are up, including those resulting from complex investigations, indicating increased capacity on the part of these agencies.
Post’s INL program is a valuable tool in implementing and advancing post’s counternarcotics/transnational crime agenda with the GOA. GOA law enforcement agencies remain very focused on this agenda and look to post agencies for advice and assistance in implementing their national drug plan. In the coming years, the INL program will be increasing important in meeting USG counternarcotics objectives in Argentina and the region.
Counternarcotics cooperation with the BRV collapsed in the second quarter of 2005. President Chavez threatened to expel DEA from Venezuela and broke off all bilateral counternarcotics cooperation. DEA is still at post, but its staff is much reduced and is limited to informal contacts with BRV law enforcement. The National Anti-Drug Office (ONA), the last BRV office to maintain contact with the NAS, broke off contact in February and, hence, no longer facilitates post’s monitoring of Government of Venezuela counternarcotics efforts.
There is little hope that cooperation will improve in the near to medium term. As a result, post is unable to effectively monitor resources donated to the BRV. To monitor the use of equipment donated to official entities, the NAS personnel must make periodic project visits and request reports from Venezuelan project managers. Such visits are increasingly difficult and most often occur unofficially. The NAS contacts provide EUM data without the knowledge of their superiors. For projects with the Venezuelan military services (Army, National Guard, Navy and Air Force), the U.S. Military Group provided the majority of the EUM information, particularly with regard to 506 (a) (2) and EDA equipment; however, since 2004 it has not been granted access to key Venezuelan military facilities. Without this access, the NAS is unable to carry out EUM of equipment controlled by the Venezuelan military.
NAS personnel conduct EUM through on-site inspections, written and oral reports from host country project administrators, and discussions with other sources to determine use and effectiveness of resources. Additionally, the NAS will draw upon DEA site visits to obtain EUM equipment status.
Upon delivery of new project equipment to host nation counterparts, the NAS executes a Note of Agreement (NOA). This statement, signed by a NAS official and an official of the recipient organization, includes item description, quantities, and serial numbers. The NOA also contains information listing what expectations the NAS has for the use of the donated equipment, e.g. where the equipment is to be used and for what purpose.
Post uses these mechanisms to inspect the commodities and resources and to determine the extent of utilization, level of maintenance, overall condition and need for replacement. During site visits, embassy personnel discuss project requirements, strategies, goals, and End Use Monitoring. With regard to projects located far from the capital, NAS officials make at least two visits during the year and enlist the assistance of other mission elements that may travel to these areas.
In 1998, the NAS provided six (6) dogs in conjunction with a training visit for Venezuelan canine program personnel to the U.S. Air Force, Lackland AFB canine program personnel. In 1999, the dogs began to produce litters of puppies to provide a source for drug detection dogs. The breeding dogs are kept at the canine training center in Barquisimeto. The NAS and the USCG sponsored the TDY assignment of a dog handler to assess and support the canine unit. During 2002, the USCS Canine Center donated two new dogs to the unit. At the same time, the NAS entered into a contract with a local veterinarian to improve the health and nutrition of the neglected animals. The state of health of the dogs improved greatly, although the National Guard has not effectively used the dogs in counternarcotics activities. Without an LOA, post has had to cancel the services of a local vet. A contract to provide high-quality food to the canine unit will expire in March 2007 and will likely not be renewed.
The former Prosecutors Drug Task Force (PDTF) works with two separate groups: the Judicial Police (CICPC) and the National Guard Anti-Drug Command (GNAD). The PDTF functions under direct DEA supervision. Since 2001, the NAS has donated 19 cars and two motorcycles. One car was totaled in 2003. Since the freeze in USG-BRV counternarcotics cooperation, the PDTF has essentially ceased to function. Meanwhile, PDTF vehicles are being used by the GNAD and National Anti-Drug Office (ONA). Post has no way of ensuring that they are being used to support counternarcotics activities.
A Ford Festiva sedan and a Toyota pickup Hilux were donated to the National Commission Against the Illicit Use of Drugs (CONACUID) in 1998. The Ford Festiva was wrecked and has been out-of-service since 2004. The pickup is being used by the ONA interdiction office.
Two of the three Toyota FJ80 Land Cruisers assigned to the Port Security Project were stolen at gunpoint from one of the U.S. DHS/CBP advisors. The remaining Land Cruiser is in good condition. A Jeep Cherokee replaced one of the stolen FJ80’s.
In June 2007, the NAS donated a 20 passenger bus to the NGO Projumi located in Barquisimeto for its drug demand reduction program.
At the request of LEGATT, a motorcycle was provided to the Homicide Division of the judicial police in April 2007.
Six Boston Whalers donated by the NAS to the Venezuelan Navy in 1993 were not monitored in 2007. The USMILGP access to the Venezuelan military bases is an essential tool in conducting 506 (a)(2) EUM. Such access is restricted under the current administration. The last information received was in 2004, indicating that the vessels were based in Puerto Ayacucho, and that they were engaged in a Riverine Patrol Program.
In 2003, the NAS provided seven computers to National Financial Intelligence Unit (UNIF) in the Superintendency of Banks (SUDEBAN) to support its expansion of personnel from 20 to 60. This was part of a tri-lateral cooperation in which the British Embassy, UNIF, and the NAS each provided seven computers. In 2002, the NAS provided five computer workstations, five printers, a video projector, two laptops, two Iomega ZIP drives, and software to upgrade the UNIF. The equipment upgraded the previously existing LAN, which is used to compile and analyze financial information through a comprehensive system of currency transaction reporting similar to that required in the United States.
Two computers with printers donated to the National Guard Command in Tachira in 1999 continue to be used for data base operations.
The computer network the NAS provided to the Training and Coordination Division of the Public Prosecutor's Office (Fiscalia General) in 1998 continues to be used with NAS-sponsored training programs for implementation of the new judicial reform program which took effect in July of 1999. This reform has changed Venezuela's judicial system from a paper intensive system to an oral, adversarial system of justice similar to that used in the United States.
The eight computers and four laptops provided to the PDTF in 2001 continue to be operational and await reactivation of the unit.
A computer provided to the Export Processing Office in 2002 permitted the automation of records for the first time. It remains operational.
In July 2005, two training centers for X-ray machine operators were established in the airports of Maiquetia and Maracaibo. The centers are equipped with 39 computers and the Safe Passage software to train X-ray machine operators. Maiquetia Airport received six additional computers for a total of 21.
In 2007, the NAS donated 27 laptop computers, 6 printers, to NGO’s and BRV public schools focusing on demand reduction. In many cases, donation of this equipment was coordinated with NAS and the Ambassador’s Office as part of the mission’s public outreach program.
In 2005, the NAS donated 12 computers to Demand Reduction NGO’s, two to Alianza, and 10 to PROJUMI. All are operational and being used appropriately.
The National Guard continues to make effective use of laboratory equipment donated by the NAS, including mass spectrometers/gas chromatographs, infrared spectrophotometers, microscopes, electronic balances and other items. The equipment is located in the Central National Guard laboratory in Caracas and in the regional forensic laboratories established in 1996 in San Cristobal and Puerto La Cruz. The equipment is overdue for maintenance and repair.
In 1999, the USG completed delivery of the following items to the Government of Venezuela (GOV) under Presidential drawdown authority under Section 502 (A) (2): 82-foot Point Class Coast Guard cutters (2); LCM 8 utility Landing Craft (1); PBR Riverine patrol boats (6); C-26 aircraft (2); PRC 77 radio sets and related equipment (77). The MILGRP plays an active role in checking on the status of these items but has not had access to monitor their use since 2001.
Cutters-The two 82-foot Point Class cutters named the Albatross and Pelican were last observed in the Punta Fijo naval base on Venezuela's Caribbean coast. The starboard engine on the Pelican was replaced in 2002. Both are used in detection and monitoring patrols off the east coast of Venezuela and along the maritime boundary with Trinidad and Tobago. The MILGP played an active role in checking on the status of these items but has not had access to monitor their use since 2002.
Landing Craft-The LCM Landing Craft named Margarita is being used by the Venezuelan Coast Guard to support Riverine patrol operations. It is located at Ciudad Bolivar on the Orinco River. It was last inspected by MILGP in 2002.
Riverine Patrol Boats-Six Riverine patrol boats are alleged to be in use by the Venezuelan Marines. They are located on the Orinoco River at the Colombian border and support efforts to control Riverine contraband of drugs and chemical precursors. The boats' outboard Yamaha 75-hp engines vary in condition from good to fair. These boats were last inspected by a USMILGP officer in March 2002.
Thirteen intercept sets (Triggerfish, Angelfish, and Swordfish) are under the direct control of the President of the ONA. This equipment is in good condition but somewhat antiquated. The sets are no longer being used, but ONA intended to employ them along the Colombian Border in support of counternarcotics operations.
In July 2007, the NAS donated to the municipal police of San Cristobal, state of Tachira one contraband inspection kit and one buster contraband detector.
Eight radiation detectors were turned over to the Anti-Drug Command in Puerto Cabello. The two others are under NAS staff control.
Four X-ray machines for luggage inspection and two Ion scan machines were donated to the airport in Maiquetia in 2003. An X-ray machine for luggage inspection was donated to the airport of Valencia in 2003. The NAS has contact with the operators and confirms that the equipment is operational. Two forklifts of 5-ton capacity each were purchased in 2005 for the unloading and loading of the containers in the Cargo inspection facility in Puerto Cabello.
Eight radiation detectors were turned over to the Anti-Drug Command in Puerto Cabello. The two others are under NAS staff control.
Construction of the Container Inspection Facility in Puerto Cabello is nearing completion. Installation of dock doors and load levelers is done. The installation of a ventilation and CO monitoring system remains.
Venezuela is now the preferred transmit point for drugs leaving Colombia. Two key factors have contributed to the increased trafficking: rampant corruption at the highest levels of law enforcement and a weak judicial system. As a result, organized crime flourishes, with seizures and arrests of underlings more an annoyance than a threat. After vilifying DAO and MILGROUP, the BRV turned its attention to DEA, at one point threatening to expel all DEA personnel. This resulted in the collapse of most of our counternarcotics projects with no hope of renewing cooperation in the near to medium term. Moreover, bilateral relations could get much worse before getting better. As a result of Venezuela’s refusal to cooperate and obstructionist behavior since March 2005, the U.S. Government was unable to certify the Venezuela Government as an ally in the war on drugs in 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Nevertheless, DEA continues working with its law enforcement contacts in developing information and leads that contribute to record seizures, typically outside of Venezuela’s jurisdiction.
In 2007, the greatest impact of NAS assistance was in the field of public diplomacy and demand reduction. NAS programs throughout 2007 educated thousands of VZ youth about the dangers of drug abuse while simultaneously providing a forum and media coverage to advance USG views and defend USG values. NAS assistance did little to disrupt the transit of narcotics through VZ since the DEA vetted unit was disbanded and DEA itself was short-staffed for much of the year.
Post monitors equipment supplied through conversations with and information requests to the relevant Government of Guyana (GOG) agencies. The Military Liaison Office (MLO), Regional Security Officer (RSO) and Political Section coordinated in this effort.
All USG-provided equipment has been accounted for. Most equipment is in use. Equipment not in use requires repairs, which are not cost-effective to complete at this time.
The Customs Anti-Narcotics Unit (CANU) continues to use the mobile communications system provided in 1988 on patrols at Cheddi Jagan International Airport. Four of the original twelve L-2000 hand-held mobile radios are partially serviceable and in use; five are unserviceable; and three are lost. The two base station radios are both unserviceable. The two multi-radio charges are serviceable and in use. One single radio charger is serviceable and in use; eleven are unserviceable.
The MLO donated a fast interceptor boat to the Guyana Defense Force Guard (GDFCG) in May 2005. The GDFCC conducts patrols with the interceptor boat, but has not yet interdicted any narcotics shipments. The GDFCG continues to use one of the ex-U.S. motorized lifeboats to conduct patrols in Guyana’s maritime territory. The three other donated boats are out-of-service awaiting the delivery of necessary parts. The MLO supports the maintenance and purchase of replacement parts for these boats, a process often complicated by communication issues with GOG.
Most of the computer equipment purchased in CY-2003 for the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) is located at the FIU office, is serviceable, and in use. This equipment consists of two rack-mounted UPS’, one rack-mounted network switch, one rack-mounted router, four HP-XW4100 workstations with surge protectors, two network racks, two patch panes, ten network cables, two HP Laserjet 2300N printers, one Proliant DL380 server, one HP D330 slim tower workstation, one HP Scanjet 8250C scanner, one VS80E Surestore tape drive, and one photocopier. One HP 5550 printer, one HP 550 printer, and one fax machine are not in use.
The computer equipment provided to the Guyana Defense Force (GDF) and Guyana Police Force (GPF) is no longer serviceable. One laptop computer, one fax machine, and one photocopier provided to the GDF are no longer serviceable. Information concerning the equipment given to the JICC is unavailable, as the JICC is a defunct body.
Twenty-four bulletproof vests are serviceable and in use. Twelve Narcotics Test Kits are no longer capable of testing marijuana and cocaine. Three of the six night vision binoculars are lost; the remaining three are unserviceable. Twelve sets of handcuffs are serviceable.
Most agencies of the GOG cooperated with post on monitoring efforts, although staff turnover at GOG law enforcement bodies interferes with the continuity of monitoring efforts. Law enforcement/defense agencies in Guyana do not practice any meaningful system of accountability for equipment received or procured.
The program impact of support provided has been mixed. The donated vessels are integral to Guyana’s efforts to patrol its maritime territory; the GDFCG has used these vessels to interdict illegal fishing trawlers and fuel smuggling boats that operate in Guyanese waters. However, lacking sources of actionable intelligence, the GDFCG has been unable to use the donated vessels to interdict any significant narcotics shipments since receiving the boats in 2005. Equipment donated to the FIU has also been used regularly, although the shortcomings of Guyana’s current laws against money laundering effectively block any money laundering prosecutions. Field gear donations have been used, but relatively minimal interdictions by CANU indicate modest benefit to post’s counternarcotics priorities. Similarly, computer equipment donations appear to have provided no substantial benefit to post counternarcotics priorities.
During 2007, the U.S. Mission provided uniforms, field equipment, computers, office furniture and equipment, vehicles, fuel, economic incentives, travel funds and per diem, leases, utilities payments, food, medical supplies, and services to support 26 counternarcotics related projects in Bolivia.
The Narcotics Affairs Section (NAS) La Paz staff consists of four U.S. Direct Hires and two U.S. Personal Services Contractors (PSCs). NAS La Paz has one empty PSC position to be filled in FY 2008. There are four U.S. PSC positions in Santa Cruz and Cochabamba with one position to be filled for the Red Devils Task Force (RDTF) in Santa Cruz. The staff supervises and monitors all procurement, warehousing, personnel, communications, transportation and other administrative and budgetary requirements related to NAS-funded projects.
US Direct Hire Project Officers require adequate justification and strict accountability prior to initiating new procurement actions. NAS staff members and officials of other agencies and offices (principally DEA, USMILGP, USAID and INL Airwing) conduct regular reviews to account for and verify the condition and use of equipment and property provided by the USG to the Government of Bolivia (GOB) counternarcotics program. NAS Project Officers, Regional Director, and the Management Officer conduct regular, announced and unannounced field visits to all projects and maintain frequent contact with project personnel. NAS Budget and Audit staffs conduct spot inspections of property records, impress funds record keeping, and vehicle/fuel usage reports. Fuel consumption reports countrywide are consolidated and reviewed by the NAS/Bolivia Audit Section on a monthly basis.
The NAS Management Officer has primary responsibility for End Use Monitoring under the general supervision of the NAS Director. NAS Project Officers, NAS Regional Directors in Santa Cruz and Cochabamba, NAS Audit Staff, and officials of other agencies (including DEA, USMILGP and USAID) assist the NAS Management officer in its preparation. The Logistics Section of the Bolivian Counternarcotics Police (FELCN) is the most developed entity within GOB and assists in End-Use Monitoring of interdiction programs.
An inventory of property under the direct control of all NAS personnel was conducted during September through February 2007 and the reconciliation was submitted to the Department in March 2007.
Under the Black Devils Task Force (BlkDTF), three C-130B transport planes ferry cargo to and from the United States, as well as personnel and cargo within Bolivia. NAS/Bolivia projects also include two light fixed-wing aircraft and ten helicopters, maintained under the Red Devils Task Force (RDTF) program.
The NAS-supported BlkDTF, under the supervision of a U.S. PSC Aviation Advisor, flies three C-130B’s that were transferred to the GOB through the DOD Excess Defense Articles (EDA) program. The U.S. PSC Aviation Advisor regularly reports the operational status of all NAS-supported aviation assets to the NAS Director and Deputy Director. The BlkDTF consists of 34 FAB pilots, copilots, flight engineers and navigators, in addition to 55 enlisted maintenance personnel. The C-130Bs fly in-country missions to support Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and UMOPAR (Bolivian Rural Patrol Units) counternarcotics operations, as well as in-country logistics and overseas cargo missions in support of all NAS-funded projects.
The BlkDTF is supported by four Third Country National (TCN) contract mechanics in La Paz that provide quality assurance and supervision for Bolivian Air Force mechanics. One NAS FSN provides logistics support and manages the C-130B warehouse operation, thus guaranteeing accountability for C-130B parts and equipment. The US PSC Aviation Adviser, the NAS Deputy Director and the Director approve all routine and operational missions and expenditures for the BlkDTF project.
The U.S. PSC Aviation Advisor regularly reports the operational status of all NAS-supported aviation assets to the NAS Director and Deputy Director. NAS contract personnel, RDTF, and BLKDTF personnel participate in inventory management and property oversight.
Bolivian Air Force (FAB) personnel assigned to the Red Devil Task Force (RDTF) operate the INL/NAS supported aviation assets controlled by this project. One U.S. PSC Senior Adviser supervises the FAB personnel.
The RDTF aircraft inventory includes ten UH-1H helicopters, and two Cessna 206’s. The helicopters are the property of the USG; the airplanes belong to the GOB. These assets are based in Santa Cruz, with permanent Forward Operating Locations (FOL) in Trinidad and Chimore. DynCorp provides the project its maintenance oversight and training, with additional training support provided through USMILGP. The fixed-wing aircraft maintenance program is now mostly Bolivianized. The Senior Aviation Advisor monitors the use of NAS-provided commodities to ensure they are used exclusively for NAS-funded authorized activities, in addition to serving as an adviser. Only the Ambassador, NAS Director or Deputy Director can authorize non-routine missions.
During 2007, post supported eradication efforts in the Chapare, interdiction throughout the lowlands of Bolivia, and sent four helicopters to Cobija (Pando department) for a month-long deployment to assist DEA-supported FELCN operations. Additionally, post deployed a site survey team to the Yungas. The team determined that a heliport at Caranavi was not suitable for operations, but that operations in the Yungas could be supported with the UH-1H’s from the FOL at the FAB base in Santa Ana de Huachi. Planning for construction of the FOL is underway.
A total of 14 NAS Foreign Service National/Personal Services Agreement (FSN)/PSA personnel (supervised by the U.S. PSC SAA) are responsible for ensuring operational continuity of the RDTF facilities in Santa Cruz, Chimore, and Trinidad.
The NAS-supported Green Devils Task Force (GDTF) shares a military post with a Logistics Battalion in Santa Cruz. The GDTF’s primary mission is to support NAS-funded activities by transporting fuel, cargo and personnel anywhere in Bolivia via ground. Its secondary mission is to train Bolivian/Army personnel in conducting all levels of specialized vehicle maintenance and repair warehousing operations, as well as in operating heavy specialized U.S. military vehicles.
The FELCN currently has a total of 1,069 M-16s, 624 Berettas, 280 M-4s, 11 M-60s, 187 Mossberg shotguns, 88 M-79s, and 42 M-203s in its inventory, donated in prior years by USMILGP. FELCN maintains a computerized inventory of these weapons. Due to tensions between the police and military, it is no longer feasible to store FELCN weapons at the Ingavi army base. The majority of FELCN weapons have been transferred to alternate locations until a proper arms warehouse can be constructed on FELCN property. The NAS does not provide any lethal assistance to Bolivian police or military units.
Bolivian Army Transportation Battalion-The NAS-supported Green Devils Task Force (GDTF) operates and shares a military post with a logistics battalion in Santa Cruz. The GDTF's primary mission is to support NAS-funded activities by transporting fuel, cargo and personnel anywhere in Bolivia via ground. Its secondary mission is to train Bolivian Army personnel in conducting all levels of specialized vehicle maintenance, warehousing operations, and operation of heavy US military vehicles.
Currently, there are 124 vehicles in the GDTF of which 119 are military vehicles acquired through Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program managed by the USMILGP. The GDTF manages all of these military vehicles. The GDTF vehicle fleet consists of 58 two and a half ton trucks, two M49 two and a half ton fuel trucks, 23 HMMWV'S, four HMMWV ambulances, eight five-ton dump trucks, three five-ton tractors, two 5-ton wreckers, two forty-ton tractors, two contact trucks, three International Harvester fuel trucks, two fuel tankers (5,000 gallons), two 12-ton semi-trailers, one (40-ton) semi-trailer low-bed, four water trailers, one Hyster fork lift (with a capacity of 6,000 pounds), two petty bone fork lists, and seven NAS project vehicles.
The NAS-supported Blue Devil Task Force (BDTF) is a 140-person Riverine unit of the Bolivian Navy organized into six task groups, with a headquarters and Riverine Training School in Trinidad. The BDTF groups are located at Trinidad, Riberalta, Guayaramerin, La Horquilla, Cobija, and Puerto Villaroel. The NAS Regional Office in Trinidad supports the BDTF headquarters, the Riverine School, and all task groups (except for the group in Puerto Villaroel, which is supported by NAS/Chimore). The BDTF has three mother ships, 33 Boston Whaler-type patrol boats, and 52 Zodiacs (of which only 31 are currently operable, largely due to age). These boats were transferred to the Bolivian Navy via FMF funding or constructed (in the case of mother ships) with INL funding. The NAS will purchase additional craft in 2008 to maintain operational readiness of the task force.
The NAS maintains more than 1,588 vehicles, including GDTF vehicles, of which 305 are over 10 years old. During 2007, the NAS distributed 40 new Toyota pickup trucks. The NAS motor pool personnel in the regional offices conduct unannounced checks of vehicles two or three months after a change of pilferage items (e.g. batteries, voltage regulators, etc) to ensure that they were not removed from the vehicle by project personnel and replaced with older ones. The practice has proven to be effective in discouraging pilferage.
All vehicles are identified and evaluated when they arrive for fuel service, maintenance, or repair. If a vehicle arrives in poor condition or has obviously been involved in an accident, the motor pool requires official reports from the responsible employee describing the vehicle’s condition and/or the incident. The office has a complete list of all vehicles assigned to its area of responsibility, and uses, fuel distribution and service records to identify use and evaluate the condition of each vehicle.
For those vehicles that do not receive fuel or service over an extended period of time (approximately two months), a mechanic or warehouse specialist is dispatched to locate and evaluate the vehicle. The motor pool can verify if a vehicle is being used through service and maintenance records, but cannot verify if and when a vehicle is used for official or unofficial purposes. Motor pool personnel are being trained to monitor the condition of each vehicle arriving for fuel and maintenance; those vehicles arriving in less than acceptable condition are immediately reported to management via phone or e-mail.
Post has just recently begun installing speed regulators on certain vehicles. Post should have a better idea of how well they work by the 2008 report.
The NAS has provided 2,750 sets of communications equipment, including repeaters, base stations, mobile radios and hand-held radios in the UHF system from Motorola, in addition to over 160 HF units, all of which are distributed throughout the country. This equipment was provided to the FELCN, UMOPAR, FOE, AIROPS, Riverine and all NAS regional offices as follows:
There are 126 working K-9’s in Bolivia, of which 10 are for the detection of explosives. The program has 36 K-9’s (puppies 3-9 months old) that are in different stages of training. Due to irregularities in the breeding program, NAS expects to purchase puppies in FY-08. The program currently supports 97 guide dog teams assigned to various FELCN posts, which is half the ideal number but near the maximum that can be sustained with current program support and DEA/FELCN operational priorities. NAS supports FELCN’s canine training center (NAS and DEA-funded) in El Paso, near the city of Cochabamba, as well as a recently completed training center in La Paz. The NAS provides 100% of all support to the K-9 program.
NAS construction engineers/architects advise, design and provide oversight during all phases of construction projects related to NAS-funded activities. The engineers are responsible for executing projects by direct administration.
During 2007, the NAS completed 26 building projects that provided the physical infrastructure necessary to support NAS-funded activities. The building projects included the following: Chimore Base sewage system; FELCN Villazon repairs, C-130 taxiway repairs; electrical expansion at Guayaramerin and Riberalta; TIPS Santa Cruz remodeling; Canine Senda Tres exterior areas; water provision for Locotal; Kennels at Bulo Bulo and El Castillo renovation; new fuel tanks for El Alto compound; NAS Santa Cruz office repairs; Gas tanks for Coroico, Irupana and km 52; Ivirgarzama PTJ and prosecutor offices; FELCN Bermejo; Chimore electrical diagnosis; UMOPAR Bulo Bulo checkpoint expansion; UMOPAR Irupana exterior areas construction; La Paz motor pool additional mezzanine; Tahuichi barracks; communication post and repairs at Guayaramerin & Riberalta; RDTF crew chief and fuel tanks installation; Trinidad technical assistance for kennels enlargement; UMOPAR Bulo Bulo concrete pavement installed for checkpoint area supervision; additional renovation at Chimore motor pool and Villa Tunari; electrical system diagnosis for UMOPAR Trinidad.
The NAS Construction Section also completed 341 infrastructure maintenance requirements nationally, using FSN maintenance technicians and outside contractors.
Misuse of Vehicles
Personal use of vehicles by GOB officials and careless operation continue to be a problem, but serious accidents and misuse have declined significantly. This is largely due to increased investigations and disciplinary sanctions by the police internal affairs investigators of the NAS-supported FELCN Office of Professional Responsibility. In 2007, OPR/FELCN investigated a total of 81 cases of vehicle misuse that included 32 cases of the FELCN driver being found responsible for an accident; one case of high speed driving considered to be reckless; and eight other cases such as broken glass, mirror broken, etc.
The NAS continues to assist FELCN by supporting continued training on proper operation of vehicles, as well as by holding program participants accountable. The NAS Regional Director and other NAS staff also continue unannounced checks of recently maintained vehicles to look for auto parts theft. With regard to fuel accountability and safety, and in line with NAS efforts to achieve certification in ISO 9000 procedures, checks and balances have been implemented at all NAS sites.
Chimore Field Office Illegal Activities
Following a field inspection by NAS La Paz, an investigation involving the Embassy RSO and Bolivian Police officials at the Chimore field office uncovered strong evidence of misappropriation of NAS materials and property as well as fraudulent payments. This led to the dismissal in December of five local employees and the office’s reorganization, with greater oversight by the Cochabamba regional office and more stringent controls put in place.
Accountability and safeguarding of weapons is a continuing concern, but FELCN and Bolivian Army commanders have shown increased commitment and progress in this area. The USMILGP continues to work with the Bolivian Army to achieve 100% serial number inventory as well as working with the Bolivian Army Ninth Division to safeguard sensitive items. For police counternarcotics interdiction-programs, increased viligence by NAS-supported police internal affairs investigators has helped markedly reduce the number of losses and /or thefts of weapons reported.
The USMILGP has an on-going inspection program that cross-levels FELCN weapons and ammunition based on changing roles and missions.
It remains difficult to track equipment and defense articles issued to projects. For NAS and DEA-issued property, the FELCN’s record-keeping system and procedures are not sophisticated enough to consistently track property from unit to unit and through special operations. Troops only check, fix, and account for those items that they know their commander is interested in. The NAS Supply Section, in conjunction with FELCN Logistics Section (S-4), completed development of an End Use Monitoring module. This will help tracking of NAS as well as other agency-provided expendable and non- expendable supplies for the project’s supply units to the end user. Currently, there are over 10,000 items with an acquisition value of over $12 million of NAS-provided property distributed nationwide to support projects.
The NAS continues to support FELCN Logistics by keeping parallel records using NEPA property accountability system and extensive warehouse facilities.
NAS/Bolivia operates nine warehouses located as follows: two in La Paz, one in Cochabamba, three in Chimore/Villa Tunari area, two in Santa Cruz, and one in Trinidad. Additionally, there are three GOB warehouses supervised by U.S. PSCs and FSNs, one at the Red Devils Task Force in Santa Cruz, and one at the Black Devils Task Force (BLKDTF) in La Paz. There is an additional GOB warehouse in Trinidad (Blue Devils Task Force) which is not supervised by USG hired personnel. This management shortfall will be resolved by moving stock items to the soon-to-be-completed NAS controlled warehouse in/Trinidad.
The NAS continues to adequately equip and support 1,721 police agents working in counternarcotics. The NAS will increase the capacity of FELCN and other police to work cooperatively in border regions to combat drug trafficking and other crime such as trafficking in persons.
The NAS is providing needed assistance to the GOB to eradicate all coca in the National Parks; implement social control in the Chapare; and move an increasing number of resources to the Yungas, where the GOB has set a goal of eradicating 50% of all coca during 2008. Work in the Yungas will require greater support in vehicles, smaller eradication camps, food service provision, boots, tents, all under very difficult an extenuating physical conditions and terrible road infrastructure.
The NAS is expanding its demand reduction project by assisting the GOB CONALTID Coordination Secretariat to develop and implement a national program; expanding DARE to more school grade levels; supporting public awareness campaigns that stress that threat of domestic drug consumption; working with NGO’s to develop a drug prevention network nationwide; and working with NGO’s and universities to train Bolivian prevention and rehabilitation experts. The NAS is also funding periodic independent studies to determine drug consumption and public attitudes in Bolivia in order to develop the appropriate context for Embassy strategies.
NAS Bolivia has developed and introduced an automated administrative management system called National Integrated System (NIS) which integrated most of the NAS administrative functions throughout Bolivia through a Wide Area Network. It has evolved into a key tool in post’s internal control and accountability system. A planned major update for the system would enable the NIS accounting information to match figures in the Department’s RFMS. The new feature would bypass the manual data entry now required to coordinate information from the two systems and provide accurate, current figures to senior management.
A number of offices have trained in the concept of ISO 9000, but post has been forced to postpone seeking certification while implementing recommendations for the 2007 INL MAV report and preparing for the 2008 OIG Embassy inspection. Most of post’s FSN/PSA employees have already received some training. Post will resume the effort to fully implement ISO 9000 processes in the second half of 2008.
As a means of enhancing its quality management practices, post has undertaken to achieve ISO 9000 certification. Most of its FSN/PSA employees have been trained on the concept of ISO 9000. Post is in the process of implementing the ISO 9000 administrative framework into its operations for eventual certification in the near future.
Eradication in the Tropico de Cochabamba region for the cultivation of illegal coca is the sine qua non of any realistic Bolivian counternarcotics strategy. Previous Bolivian Governments have been unable to move beyond the planning stages for controlling coca cultivation in the Yungas. The GOB reported that 6,269 hectare-equivalents of coca cultivation were eradicated in the entire country in 2007, a 23% increase over 2006. Five percent of that was eradicated in the Yungas, a historic first for Bolivia. Overall, coca cultivation increased; however, the potential cocaine production from Bolivian cultivation is estimated by DEA at 115 MT.
In 2007, the FELCN seized 3,760 MT of coca leaf, 17.8 MT of cocaine/base and 423 MT of cannabis, as well as 1,435,419 liters of liquid precursor chemicals (acetone, diesel, ether, etc) and 653 MT of solid precursor chemicals (sulfuric acid, bicarbonate of soda, etc). FELCN also destroyed 4,076 cocaine labs and made 4,268 arrests.
Law Enforcement Development
During 2007, the NAS Law Enforcement Training and Development Program (LETDP) continued the support and development of the Bolivian National Police Forces, providing assistance and support to several different programs. The LETDP provided both training and guidance to the Offices for Professional Responsibility (OPR/DNRP) and the related Disciplinary Tribunals of the Bolivian National Police (BNP) throughout the country on procedures and requirements of the BNP Disciplinary Code.
The LETDP is continuing its program to upgrade the knowledge and skills of the BNP and the Public Ministry Prosecutors by the development and implementation of an extensive training program throughout the country. All training provided includes modules on human rights and human dignity. During this reporting period, 56 different courses of instruction were provided to 2,351 BNP officers and Public Ministry prosecutors.
The LETDP also continued its work with local GOB, Bolivian NGO’s and the International Agencies, including the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to sustain the achievements and efforts made in previous years in the area of Trafficking In Persons (TIP); and to significantly expand the TIPS/Human rights program to all frontier areas of the country.
NAS Logistics is an eleven person logistics section headed by an American U.S. hired Personal Services Contract (PSC) employee as Logistics Management Advisor, who manages warehouse facilities in Pucallpa and the Embassy facilities on the Peruvian Air Force Base located at the Lima International. The latter houses 25 to 30 NAS, DEA and contractor personnel. NAS Logistics has extensive security controls in place at both locations. The NAS Logistics Section is charged with Customs clearances; shipping/receiving of all NAS commodities; preparing donation letters; maintaining inventories; and coordinating EUM spot-checks and drafting the annual End Use Monitoring report.
The Logistics database contains detailed information on commodities and End Use Monitoring inspection visits and can be sorted by location to facilitate End Use Monitoring spot-checks.
In 2007, NAS Logistics cleared and processed through Customs about 400 shipments valued at over $15.3 million of which 93 percent of these shipments cleared Customs within 24 hours of arrival in country. Additionally, NAS Logistics received and processed approximately 300 local purchase shipments and shipped from Lima some 400 tons of materials to Forward Operating Bases (FOBs) and Forward Operating Locations (FOLs). From the Pucallpa site, NAS Logistics shipped 278 tons to FOL’s and Lima via truck and air transport, which doubles the 139 tons shipped last year.
The NAS staff performs regular and unannounced End Use Monitoring inspections throughout the year. Participants include Project Advisors and supervisors of all NAS programs. Aviation assets are inspected by NAS Logistics and 9 U.S. hired American Personal Services Contractors (Field Advisor Security Specialists). One US PSC Ports and Maritime Advisor and one Locally Engaged Staff (LES) share responsibility for EUM of Maritime assets with the NAS Logistics Section. Two Eradication Advisors and a Program Analyst monitor commodities and assets donated to CORAH (Coca Reduction Project), its subdivision, CADA (Coca Measurement Corps), and the Institute of Tropical Crops (Instituto de Cultivos Tropicales- ICT). ICT is a Non-Government Organization (NGO) dedicated to improving crops that may be substituted for coca. MAAG personnel visit military installations to perform spot checks on Defense Articles provided to the Peruvian Armed Forces and Drug Police under security assistance programs for counternarcotics purposes. DEA special agents assist in monitoring equipment, materials and consumables provided to the Peruvian National Police (PNP).
During 2007, NAS Logistics visited 68 counterpart organizations at a total of 132 sites in 26 different cities and conducted inspections of 3,985 donated items out of a total of 5,028 items subject to inspection, resulting in about 80 percent of donated items being verified. Of the remaining 20 percent (1043 items), about 500 had been inspected in 2006. The NAS visited all sites containing large concentrations of equipment and targeted any site where discrepancies had been noted in the past. Inspection results were compared to existing NAS inventories to produce a computerized list of discrepancies. These discrepancies were reported to the appropriate NAS program advisor and counterparts for appropriate action. NAS Logistics also assists the MAAG and DEA with donations to counternarcotics units and the tracking of the same.
After each EUM inspection, NAS Logistics submits a final report to the program advisors for follow-up action to locate any shortages and/or to correct errors. Throughout the year, NAS Logistics also tasked Peruvian counterparts with submitting up-to-date inventories, including the location and condition of all donated commodities. Some counterparts maintain vehicles and equipment in their inventories that have outlived their useful life span. The NAS routinely encourages counterparts of established guidelines for replacement of equipment. CORAH is attempting to hold an auction to dispose of unserviceable equipment. However, this auction is being delayed by bureaucracy within the Minister of Interior. Most Peruvian governmental and other counterparts submitted detailed inventories. The submissions are compared to existing records. The results of physical inspections are used to update the NAS database.
The Embassy’s Management Section is responsible for the physical inventory of non-project (NAS) property maintained on the Embassy’s NEPA system. A NAS Administrative Assistant oversees non-project, non-expendable property at the Embassy location. NAS Logistics is responsible for the inventory of NAS personal property at FOLs and FOBs. In 2007, NAS Logistics reconciled property book inventories of 5,676 NAS program items out of a total of 7,696 items located nationwide.
All commodities are used full-time in the conduct of counternarcotics activities, including construction and logistical support. While conducting End Use Monitoring inspections of counterpart sites, NAS Logistics found no evidence of improper use of donated materials. In addition, the cooperation of counterparts as a whole was satisfactory.
NAS Logistics maintains an inventory and tracks a total of over of 800 vehicles in 33 cities nationwide. Seven hundred and seventeen vehicles have been donated over the years to 23 counterpart organizations and include sedans, pickups, SUV’s and motorcycles. Included in the total figure of 800, 86 are NAS program vehicles, i.e., fuel trucks, forklifts, cargo trucks, sedans, pickups, SUV’s etc. The vast majority of donated vehicles are provided to various elements of the central and regional Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDRO), the Aviation Police (DIRAVPOL), the Coca Reduction Project of the Upper Huallaga (CORAH), its sub-division, the Coca Measurement and Eradication Verification Corps (CADA). CORAH/CADA has 64 vehicles and 29 motorcycles in their inventory. Six (6) vehicles are totally inoperable. The Instituto de Cultivos Tropicales (ICT) was funded previously under CADA but is now funded with its own budget. Besides NAS-provided vehicles, ICT has acquired a vehicle and several motorcycles through a coca yield study (BREAKTHROUGH) funded by DEA. ICT has a total of four vehicles and 20 motorcycles. Eleven motorcycles are beyond their useful lifespan; however, eight are still operational and three are not. The latter will be disposed of by auction. The Ministry of Education, the Judicial Prosecutors, the PNP/DIRANDRO Chemical Control Group, and the Peruvian Customs Service also possess NAS-donated vehicles.
The NAS employs a FSN motor vehicle maintenance supervisor within the Logistics Section, who is responsible for tracking NAS project vehicles, maintaining stocks of essential spare parts, and providing preventive maintenance oversight at repair shops which are handled with Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPA’s) whenever possible. Aviation personnel have overall responsibility for all aircraft, tugs, fuel trucks, fire trucks, and forklifts, including preventive maintenance.
The NAS requires counterparts to provide proof of preventive maintenance whenever they request NAS financial assistance for major repairs to vehicles purchased with project funds. Funding is not provided if the preventive maintenance has not been performed.
In 2007, NAS Logistics disposed of one excess/obsolete program vehicle in the Embassy auction and funds are to be returned to the NAS. In addition, two used program vehicles were donated to counterparts, one of them being a fork lift to the Peruvian Air Police (DIRAVPOL) and the other a laboratory van to Peruvian Customs (SUNAT). The NAS also donated a total of five new vehicles to counterparts during 2007. Presently, there are about 20 inoperative/obsolete counterpart vehicles being prepared for auction and/or disposal. Auctions are coordinated with counterparts and supervised by NAS Logistics personnel with all funds received being returned to the appropriate program in accordance with regulations.
In 2007, the NAS continued to monitor the use and maintenance of radio equipment to support interdiction and eradication missions, including eight satellite phones provided to CORAH for use inn Lima, Pucallpa, and Santa Lucia.
The NAS continues to upgrade computer systems for counterparts, including surge suppressers and UPS as necessary in areas where the electrical current is unstable. In addition, the NAS is assisting counterparts in improving internal communications through LANs and web connections. Post encourages counterparts to automate inventory, case management and filing systems. These help to improve internal controls, produce a smoother flow of paperwork, and provide more accurate documents. Computer equipment provided to DIRANDRO. and CORAH is maintained at the assigned sites and upgraded as needed and as funds permit.
Additional project equipment was provided to DEA's Sensitive Investigative Units (SIU's) in 2006. DEA agents performed End Use Monitoring activities throughout the year. They did not find any instances of equipment being misused, poorly maintained or used for purposes other than those intended by the USG.
Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDROS)-Weapons procured with FMF funds for use of DINANDRO and DIVANDROS participating in the counter-narcotics program are surveyed periodically by the NAS and MAAG representatives. There is no evidence that the equipment is being used for any purpose other than police counternarcotics operations. All monitored equipment was in serviceable condition. The NAS monitored 200 M-60D machine-guns and 131 M16A rifles received from DLA; 12 Smith & Wesson 357 Cal M-19, 14 M4 carbines, received from the RSO. The NAS, with INL approval, provides non-lethal weapons to the PNP (DIRANDRO). The weapons include twelve complete Pepperball systems.
Riverine-The Chief of Mission and the NAS Director cancelled the NAS Riverine program due to inefficiency and lack of commitment by GOP counterparts. Personnel and resources previously dedicated to the NAS Riverine Program have been reprogrammed to the Maritime and Ports Program that is focused on interdicting drugs leaving Peru by sea and airports.
Working jointly with the Air Wing of the Police (DIRAVPOL), the Aviation Program, the program provides airlift support for interdiction and eradication missions. The process funds travel and incentive pay for aircrew and provided specialized training during 2007 totaled $3,880,000. With the lack of DOD 9201 funds for Initial Entry Rotary Wing (IERW), the NAS has had to fund this expensive training. In 2007, Aviation Program helicopters (UH-IIs) logged 7,209 hours. The total for aircraft flown was 9,694 flight hours. The NAS funded fuel and support to DIRAVPOL MI-17 helicopters and fixed wing aircraft during CN operations in 2007.
The NAS supports a total of 23 USG-owned INL Airwing UH-II helicopters that are operated by the National Police Aviation Directorate (DIVAVPOL) for counternarcotics interdiction and eradication missions. NAS Lima received ten of the 23 in 2006. INL rotary wing assets are based at the Main Operating Base (MOB) in Pucallpa where all major helicopter maintenance is performed. In Lima, there is one fixed wing aircraft B 1900 D twin-engine passenger aircraft capable of carrying 19 passengers or cargo. This aircraft supports CN operations in Peru. The B 1900 is pressurized. Stationed east of the Andes at the Main Operating Base at Pucallpa is a fixed wing C-208 single engine passenger aircraft capable of carrying eight passengers or light cargo. The C-208 is not pressurized. GOP police MI-17 helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft are also used for counternarcotics operations. The NAS provides funding for maintenance and fuel for GOP aviation assets in support of CN operations. As needed, the NAS rents small aircraft to move personnel and cargo to locations east of the Andes. The NAS supports two FAP V-26s (four were donated by the USG) with maintenance support, fuel, and crew training. One of the FAP C-26 has a FLIR installed. The FLIR is interchangeable with the C-26s. The C-26s are used to identify illegal runways, reconnaissance, and transport for CN personnel in support of NAS and GOP CN efforts in Peru.
NAS Aviation Program personnel and the INL Air Wing contractor DynCorp performed support and End Use Monitoring activities for the NAS Aviation Program in 2007. DynCorp and NAS aviation personnel maintain flight and maintenance records for all INL aircraft. A task order incorporated into DynCorp’s contract authorizes procurement of spare parts, lubricants, chemical additives, and aviation life support equipment (ALSE) for CN aircraft. No diversion of NAS-purchased parts and equipment was detected.
No additional aircraft were received during 2007. Two C-26s are owned by Peruvian Air Force (FAP). The NAS spent $2,975,142 in 2007, which included a maintenance, training, and operation package.
MAAG continues to conduct EUM of 24 DragonflyA-37 aircraft. Two other aircraft have been lost to attrition and three are being used as static displays.
The aviation program continues to be the cornerstone of the counternarcotics program. Without the airlift and emergency evacuation capabilities of the 23 INL helicopters, NAS-supported PNP helicopters and fixed aircraft, the eradicators would not have been able to operate in most coca-growing locations. The ability to move operations quickly from one location to another added to the element of unpredictability needed to safety operate in areas of grower resistance to eradication missions.
The NAS provides all fuel required for the UH-1 and UH-II helicopters and the fixed-wing aircraft. In addition, the NAS also pays for fuel for police fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters on selected counternarcotics missions. The NAS closely monitors all fuel ordering, receiving, and dispensing procedures of fuel stocks for aviation. The NAS has Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPA's) with fuel suppliers and transporters and has ordering, receiving and payment procedures in place. In 2007, $2,594,465 was spent on the purchase of aviation fuel. An additional $238,000 was paid to transport the fuel from Lima to forward locations. The NAS in-house quality control of aviation fuel is strictly monitored through daily, weekly and monthly testing, weekly spot-checks and monthly audits. Additionally, the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) conducts quarterly inspections of DOD quality assurance of all in-plane contracts, which includes both NAS BPA's. All meet or exceed standards established by DLA.
The NAS stores and dispenses fuel from 11 locations in Peru, nine of which are east of the Andes. The main facility is in Pucallpa and has a maximum Jet-A capacity of 42,500 gallons. Tingo Maria has a capacity of 35,000 gallons of Jet-A1. Aguaytia has 13,500; Santa Lucia has 40,000; Mazamari has 23,000; Palma Pampa has 18,000; Puerto Maldonado has 10,000; Las Palmas 10,000; Lima Grupo Ocho 9,500; and Pichari 14,500 gallons. All locations have CORAH-contracted refuelers who report daily to the NAS embassy Field Coordinator in Pucallpa. The NAS Petroleum Logistics Advisor visits all locations at least quarterly.
During 2007, the NAS purchased fuel and space parts for the Maritime Program for use by Coast Guard Maritime Units for selective operations.
Ion Scan Machines
The three Ion scan machines purchased by Ports program, which detect atomic- sized particles of cocaine (or other drugs/explosives if so programmed) have been used daily on cases ranging from airport passengers to cargo and fishing vessels.
The NAS provides construction support to advance counternarcotics operations through CORAH personnel. During 2007, CORAH prepared 77 projects and executed 49 of these projects at a cost of $4,589,009. This included 20 projects for aviation, 19 for the Police Program, 5 for the Maritime and Ports Program, 4 for CORAH facilities, and 1 for the Drug Executive Office (OFECOD). In all cases, renovated facilities were used for their intended purpose.
Weapons provided for the use of DIRANDO and DINANDRO (National and Provincial Drug Police) units that participate in the counternarcotics program are surveyed periodically by NAS and MAAG representatives. There are no indications that the weapons are being used for other than intended purposes. All monitorable equipment is in serviceable condition. The NAS monitors 200 M-60 machine guns and 131 M16A rifles received from DKA. The NAS with INL approval provided non-lethal weapons to the PNP (DIRANDRO). The non-lethal weapons include 102 complete Pepperball systems.
In 2007, the NAS Demand Reduction program provided funding for several drug prevention programs with a strong focus on community mobilization to increase protective factors that reduced the likelihood of drug abuse such as educating children and parents in school, training teachers, providing counseling and early intervention services. The Demand Reduction programs also provides funds for media campaign, printed material like manuals and workbooks, office equipment, office space, and consultant services, which provide reports evaluating the efforts and impact of the community anti-drugs coalition programs, and to develop a needs assessment and base-line study for six community anti-drug coalitions.
The NAS provides funding to a number of NGOs to promote efforts designed to sensitize the Peruvian public about the harmful personal and societal effects of illegal drug consumption, production, and coca cultivation. The Demand Reduction office supports organizations in strengthening their institutional capacity, developing community-based activities for building social skills, and conducting surveys and research on drug abuse to identify groups requiring collaboration and assistance. Funding for this office also supports workshops for Peruvian professionals on drug abuse and prevention nationwide. Additionally, this funding supports a drug hotline counseling service and information center to reach the youth in the zones of intervention of the CACs.
Importation of Goods
Over the years, NAS Logistics has been concerned with the fact that the Ministry of Interior has basically had control over the importation of goods under the bilateral agreement by originally creating tax libration codes in the name of the Ministry/USEmbassy. In 2007, NAS Logistics discovered that other GOP organizations and possibly independent customs agencies were importing and/or attempting to import goods duty free under the bilateral agreement using these codes. This was immediately reported to the NAS Director and Deputy Director. With their approval and support, NAS Logistics held several meetings with SUNAT and managed to reverse the situation and officially regain exclusive control and use of these codes for NAS. In doing so, NAS Logistics eliminated the requirement for four (4) Ministry of Interior/Peruvian Police customs dispatchers and replaced them with two (2) contracted personnel without affecting overall service to the mission.
Registration of Vehicles
In July 2007, NAS Logistics solved a long-standing problem for counternarcotics regarding registration of vehicles processed under the bilateral agreement and donated by the NAS. Counterparts can now legally register these vehicles in less than 15 days whereas in the past, some counterparts have been unsuccessful in obtaining standard licensing and registration for these vehicles.
Reassignment of Vehicles
During an inspection of DIVANDRO in late November, NAS Logistics discovered that two vehicles donated to a counternarcotics unit in Iquitos had been reassigned to other police sections (Vehicular traffic) by the Regional General of the Peruvian National Police (PNP). This was immediately reported to the NAS Police Program Adviser and Ports Program Adviser for their action.
The Government of Peru has had continued success throughout the year in conducting law enforcement operations. The statistics in seizures and arrests follow:
Coca leaf seized
1823.90 metric tons
Cocaine HCL seized
7.9.00 metric tons
Essential chemicals seized
858.25 metric tons
Cocaine HCL labs
Post conducted periodic checks of resources provided though INL funding to the following GOU agencies: the Directorate General for the Repression of Illicit Drug Trafficking (DGRTID), the Coast Guard (Prefectura), the National Drug Secretariat (NDS), the Central Bank of Uruguay (BCU), and the Ministry of Interior (MOI). These agencies provided annual inventory reports that specified the use, status and location of all equipment supplied by INL. The embassy maintained regular contact with GOU officials throughout the year with regard to training opportunities, drug seizures statistics, and equipment status to determine how assets are being employed.
Computer and Communications Equipment
Most of the computers are in good condition. Embassy-provided computers are used by accountants to monitor financial drug-related activities, and by analysts looking for drug-related activities. Computers are also used to network with the Ministry of Public Health in an information-sharing program concerning sale and distribution of potential drug precursors.
Older computers have been restored and sent to some police stations throughout the country to improve communications and data sharing within the police force.
Post purchased 10 computers in 2002 for use in Prefectura’s main headquarters and to replace the computers from 2000 that are being distributed to the border areas. The vehicles are still in use within the Prefectura’s headquarters in Montevideo. They were distributed to Prefectura stations along Uruguay’s main maritime ports of entry. These computers are used primarily to cultivate the information backbone for their central database. A Prefecta employee developed this database after attending embassy sponsored computer training. The embassy provided scanners, digital cameras, external hard drives, modems, and other computer hardware thereby strengthening the quantity and quality of information in its database including more timely and thorough analysis of data and border crossing patterns of potential drug traffickers.
Thirteen vehicles have been donated to DGRTID, including three motorcycles. Through an innovative exchange program with major car dealerships in Uruguay, the vehicles are traded in for new models every two years at virtually no charge. Through this program, seven vehicles have been exchanged, thus maintaining a young, low-maintenance fleet of vehicles.
The Uruguayan Coast Guard (Prefectura) maintains two trucks, one sedan, and two motorcycles provided by INL in 1999. The two motorcycles are in poor shape. There is no funding to exchange them for new ones. Prefectura mechanics are using cannibalized space parts from motorcycles to maintain the other.
In general, DGRTID’s other equipment is in good condition. Out-of-date electronic equipment has been replaced with newer models. Inventory reports showed that handcuffs and other police equipment were in need of being repaired.
The Embassy has donated other equipment to assist with investigations, including multi-channel digital logger, drug test kits, cadaver kits, fingerprint kits, six fiber optic borescopes and a metal detector. Most of this equipment is stored in Montevideo, although some equipment is used in Prefectura stations outside the capital area.
In 2005, post funded the National Drug Secretariat Drug Rehabilitation Clinic, including a telephone clinic, in a northern Montevideo suburb specifically for “pasta base” addicts. The program, known locally as the “portal Amarillo,” opened in April 2006. It is staffed by recent graduates of Uruguay’s largest nursing school. It services about 200 patients a week.
The DGRTID and Prefectura’s canine programs are operational with dogs in Montevideo and in border offices. Both agencies conducted dog performance controls and training activities on a yearly basis. They breed their own puppies and donate to good homes ones that are no longer useful.
Accountability of equipment purchased between 10 and 30 years ago is problematic. GOU officials has accommodated Embassy requests for information over the years and Embassy has documented any accountability issues in previous reports. The Embassy encountered no new problems in the course of its monitoring activities during the past year.
Previous INL funding has made significant impact in the GOU counternarcotics effort, particularly through improved border control and tracking of individuals. Computer equipment provided to the DGRTID and the Prefectura has formed comprehensive information networks that are improving data sharing between Uruguay’s ports of entry and Montevideo. Without INL funding and assistance, many anti-narcotics projects would not be possible or would lack depth.
DGRTID records show that 1,923 individuals were arrested in 2007 for drug trafficking activities; 486 were prosecuted. Yearly seizures in the internal markets reached 950.5 kg of marijuana, 658.6 kg of cocaine, and 83.6 kg of cocaine paste.
Receiving law enforcement agencies sign documentation confirming receipt of all materials and committing to the use of the INL-funded resources for their stated purposes. Receipt includes serial numbers, quantities, and expected end-use. Post, including the Narcotics Coordinator’s Office, and RSO office, conduct on-site inspections, where practical. The Suriname Police Force (KPS) and other law enforcement agencies accommodate visits from Embassy personnel. The Embassy maintains contact with law enforcement officials throughout the year with regard to training opportunities, drug seizures statistics, and equipment status. For items that the Embassy could not inspect on-site, due to a lack of human resources at post, Embassy Officers requested information for the Government of Suriname (GOS) on the location and condition of the items.
The majority of INL equipment donated in 2007 and previous years is used by various units within the KPS, including the police ombudsman unit, vehicle inspection unit, and judicial police (including the Arrest Team). Police bureaus located in geographically disparate police stations throughout the country are using donated computers, vehicles, radios, and other gear. Equipment was also provided to the KPS Police Academy, Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU), and Trafficking in Persons Unit (TIP). The Criminal Records Database is located in a secure environment within the KPS Forensics Unit which has responsibility for maintaining criminal data. The Court Database is located in the Attorney General’s Office.
The following computer equipment provided to the KPS was not inspected personally because it was distributed to KPS offices outside of the capital city: 29 PC Intel Pentiums 4, 37 internal fax modems, 37 color monitors, 37 UPS’, 37 CD drivers, 1 laser printer,1 Dell Notebook, 1 projector. The KPS assured Embassy Officers that these items are in use according to their stated purpose and in good working condition. Eight PC Intel Pentium 4 provided to the KPS were monitored by the RSO.
The following computer equipment was provided to the Police Forensics Department and monitored by the RSO: 1 Link System 14 port, 1 server Dell Power Edge, 4 Dell Dimension 4700 workstations, 6 biometrics fingerprint scanners, 1 Link system 24 port switch, 1 fingerprint matching software. The scanner used to bulk scan fingerprint cards into the system does not work properly because the fingerprint cards are not a standard size. Approximately 7% of fingerprint records were scanned in one-by one. The biometric fingerprint scanners do work; however, the suspect must be transported to the location that has the scanners. The software does not accept fingerprints from various sources, and needs to be modified. In addition, the software is not correctly matching fingerprints from the database, often pulling the fingerprints of the wrong person by mistake. According to the police, the original contractor quoted $10,000 to fix the database software. Post’s Law Enforcement Group (LEWG) will retrieve post records on the software contract to explore possible solutions.
The following items were donated to the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU): 1 laser printer, 1 color monitor, 4 CPU’s with monitors and keyboards, 1 scanner, 2 printers. They were inspected by the RSO and found to be in use for their stated purposes and in good working condition.
The following items were provided to the Police Ombudsman Unit: 4 PC Intel Pentium 4, 4 internal fax modems, 4 AOC 17” color monitors, 4 UPS’, 4 CDRW drives The items were observed by the RSO and found to be in use for their stated purposes and in excellent, working condition. The equipment was used by the Police Ombudsman Office in a murder trial. The defendants of the trial were former military strongman Desi Bouterse and 24 other people on charges of killing 15 democratic opponents.
The following items were donated to the Vehicle Inspection Unit: 8 CPU’s with monitors and keyboards, 1 computer scanner, computer software and supplies, 2 Laser network printers, one 16 port network switch, 1 UPS 500 VA switch, 1 Microsoft windows 2003 server STD 5 user UC, 1 Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional, 4 Belkin Home Office UPS Systems USZB. They were observed by the RSO and found to be in use for their stated purpose and in good working condition.
The following items were donated to the Cantonal Court: 9 Dell CPU’s with monitors and keyboards, 1 central server, 2 scanners, 1 Ethernet switch, 1 APC battery, backup for server. They were monitored by the Economics Officer.
Ten Dell computers were provided to the Attorney General’s Office and monitored by the Economics Officer. They were found to be in use for their stated purposes and in good working condition.
The following communications equipment was provided to the GOS law enforcement agencies: 60 Motorola Pro 5550 portable units, 3 multi rapid charger units, 10 single MTS rapid charges, 20 portable antennas, 20 single GTX radio chargers, 7 power supply mobile spectra radios, 100 MTS portable batteries, 100 GTX batteries, 40 dispatch centers batteries, 12 repeater site batteries, 8 repeater batteries, 2 Micro wave links, 1 fax phone. Not all of the following equipment was personally monitored by the Embassy Officer because the items had been dispersed throughout Suriname.
The following equipment was provided to the Police Academy and monitored by the RSO: translation equipment (including 1 tabletop transmitter), 1 headset microphone, 50 one channel wireless receivers, 1 carrying case, 4 extra-talk radios, 6 fax machines, 1 Motorola portable unit, charger and battery, and 2 Motorola Links with receiver, repeater housing, interface, etc.
The following items were provided to the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU): 2 copy machine image runners, 4 four drawer file cabinets, 1 copy machine, 1 shredder, 1 fax machine, 1 conference table, 7 chairs, 5 office desks, 5 office chairs, 2 drawer file king safes. The RSO found the items to be in use for their stated purposes and in good, working condition.
The following equipment was provided to the Special Surveillance Unit: 1 Sony Mavica digital camera, 2 micro-cassette recorders, 2 Sony mavicas, 2 digital handycam camcorders, 3 binoculars. The RSO found the items to be in use for their stated purposes, and in good working condition.
The following office equipment was provided to the Trafficking in Persons Office in the fall of 2007 and was not monitored for this report: 1 ADSL package bronz, 2 refrigerators, 1 DVD player, 3 vertical blinds, 5 paper shredders, 6 office chairs, 6 cabinets, 1 shite board, 1 flip chart, 1 metal file cabinet, 2 chairs, 6 Toshiba flat screens, 7 water dispensers, 1 color copier, 6 eight Pentium CPU’s, 6 LCD flat panels, 6 UPS’, 6 DVDRWs, 6 HP jet printers, 6 internal PCI faxes, 6 modems, 9 scanners, 1 telephone fax.
The following items were not located during monitoring: black lights for documents checks provided to KPS, Military Police, and Customs.
The following vehicles were provided to the KPS: 1 used Toyota Corolla vehicle (located at the U.S. Embassy), 1 used Toyota Corolla vehicle (located at the City Police Office), 1 used Toyota Corolla vehicle (located at Police Liaison Bureau), 1 used 1996 Toyota Land Cruiser (located with the Arrest Team), and 1 Nissan Urvan 3.0 diesel bus for use by the Arrest Team. All vehicles were in good working order.
The 1997 Toyota Land Cruiser provided to the Anti-Narcotics Unit was found to be out-of-service. The transmission went out and the Anti-Narcotics Unit did not the sufficient funds to repair the vehicle. It is now sitting outside the Police Station in Paramaribo North.
The following was not located by the RSO during monitoring: 1 reconditioned 1993 Toyota Corona. The RSO is following up with the KPS on the location of the vehicles.
An Aluma craft, 1 motor and 1 trailer were provided to the Arrest Team. It is used as needed and stored on the Arrest Team compound. The RSO found it to be in use for its stated purpose and in good working condition.
An Aluma craft, 1 motor, and 1 trailer is used daily by the Maritime Police. The vessel fell off the trailer and was damaged in 2007. However, at the time of monitoring it has already been repaired. The RSO found it to be in use for its stated purpose and in good working condition.
Drug Test Kits were provided to the Military Police, Customs, and KPS. The RSO found that the drug kits we already used.
The following field gear provided to the KPS could not be located: 10 traffic vests, 1 flex-cuf restraints, 20 second chance body armor, 12 electroless batons, 12 universal handcuffs, 12 expandable baton holders, 12 closed top cuff cases, maglites. The equipment could not be located. Post could not determine the exact recipients of the U.S. provided gear.
The following uniforms and field gear were donated to the Arrest Team in 2007:15 pairs of zipper boots, 15 tactical squad suits, 15 special missions vests, 15 ballistic helmets, 15 face shields direct mount, 15 tactical elbow pads, 15 tactical knee pads, 15 pairs of tactical black gloves, 30 maglites, 30 Phoneix flashlight rings, 16 ceramic rifle plates, 2 backpack kits, 2 entry shield with light/viewport/case. The gear is in good condition and used on a regular basis for their stated purpose.
Suriname’s Police law enforcement agencies, and courts receiving assistance use all resources provided in an effective manner and are extremely appreciated of any and all assistance. Post’s INL program has strengthened GOS’ institutional capacity to make real progress in its fight against narcotics trafficking and related crimes within its borders. The success of the program has also deepened and strengthened the bilateral relationship and cooperation. A DEA Basic Narcotics course was held in 2007 using INL funding. This course added to the resources listed above in the fight against drug trafficking in Suriname.
While it is difficult to ascribe specific law enforcement victories to specific INL-donated items, overall in 2007 law enforcement seized 206 kilograms (kg) of cocaine, 131 kg of cannabis, 3,154 MDMA (ecstasy) tablets and 81 grams of ecstasy powder. A total of 667 people were arrested for drug-related offenses and 462 cases were sent to the Office of the Attorney General for Prosecution.
Post had problems in conducting End Use Monitoring due to many items having been distributed outside of the capital, Paramaribo. Post lacked the human resources to personally observe each and every item or to travel outside of the capital in search of all items.
Law enforcement programming with INL funding continues to be coordinated during regularly scheduled meetings of post’s Law Enforcement Working Group (LEWG) which is chaired by the Deputy Chief of Mission and includes representatives for the Political-Economic Section, Consular Section, Regional Security Office, and Drug Enforcement Agency. Post maintains paper records and electronic files on donations.
Post will review post’s ability to establish an automated inventory system to record and track the distribution of all resources provided to host government agencies.
The NAS Director has overall responsibility for End Use Monitoring. The NAS FSN program specialist coordinates the activities of the FSN inventory assistant and FSN project assistant who conducts the physical inventory verification. The NAS Deputy Director resolves problems that might arise during the inventory and reviews the final product prior to submission for the Director’s approval.
NAS personnel labeled newly-purchased commodities and those from previous years which had not been labeled. Inventories of sites with only small volumes of donated commodities are verified in the course of project site visits by any NAS personnel.
The NAS also sends inventory lists to each receiving authority (DNA, Military, DEA, DHS) who is asked to compare post’s provided lists with their inventory and comment on the status of each item in writing within two weeks of the delivery of the lists. The NAS then determines if a visit to each individual location is required based on the number of items in the inventory for that particular location and/or the number of items whose status cannot be determined per the requested written verification from each entity.
During 2007, the NAS continued to support the Ecuadorian National Police (ENP) Anti-Narcotics Division (DNA) with vehicles, communications equipment, computer equipment, field gear and construction projects.
Post maintains regular and frequent contact with the National Anti-Drug (DNA) and Intelligence Division to allow close monitoring of donated material. NAS staff performs random, sample inventories when visiting outlying DNA offices and checkpoints.
The Ecuadorian Army's 19th Brigade includes a Boston Whaler located in Puerto El Carmen. In addition, there are 100 HP Johnson O/B motors (19); trailers (4); Zodiac boats (4); and 40 HP Motors (4) donated by USMILGP.
Weapons/Ammunition-The Ecuadorian National Police (ENP) Anti-Drug Division (DNA) received 743 Pistols Sigeauer and Beretta 9MM from the USMILGP in 2000. Those weapons are in use and in good condition. They are located as follows: Pichincha (144); Orellana (10); Manabi (53); Azuay (15); Los Rios (24); Tungurahua (10); Carchi (33); Imbabura (50); Esmeraldes (21); Morona Santiago (10); Sucumbios (16); Galapagos (4); Guayas (136); GEMA (138); El Oro (20); Napo (5); Cotopaxi (5); Chimborazo (6); Loja (30); Puyo (10); and Bolivar (3).
The USMILGP also donated 500 Colt-AR15 M-16 guns as part of the 506 (a) drawdown. They were distributed to ENP units as follows: Pichincha (66); Guayas (71); GEMA (149); Imbabura (29); Carchi (20); Esmeraldas (35); Manabi (21); Tungurahua (5); Los Rios (10); El Oro (10); Azuay (5); Napo (8); Cotopaxi (5); Chimbozo (5); Sucumbios (15); Loja (20); Orellana (40); Puyo (3); Galpagos (2). The DNA received 597 flak vests from the 506 (a) Drawdown in 1999. They were distributed as follows: Pichincha (154); Guayas (73); GEMA (127); Imbabura (9); Carchi (19); Esmeraldas (29); Manabi (34); Los Rios (5); Guayas (5); Manabi (20); Imbabura (6); El Oro (49); Azuay (10); Napo (3); Cotopaxi (9); Chimborazo (4); Sucumbios (16); Loja (20); Morona Santiago (3); Orellana (6), Puyo (10); Orellana 6, Puyo 10. One was lost and 16 were auctioned. All but 30 are due for replacement.
The DNA received 371 helmets from the 506 (a) Drawdown. They were distributed to the various ENP offices as follows: GEMA (100); Carchi (19); Esmeraldas (26); Tunguragua (4); El Oro (44); Azuay (10); Napa (5); Chimborazo (4); Caar (10); Sucumbios (12); Morona Santiago (5); Puyo (7).
The NAS donated 118 HMMWV’s and 76 five-ton trucks to the Ecuadorian Army in 2003 for northern border use. These vehicles are assigned to Ecuadorian military units at the following locations and are in working condition:
HMMWV’s-Tulcan (12); Santa Cecilia (12); Esmeraldes (30); Lago Agrio (12); Putumayo (6); Ibarro (12); Coca (4); Shushufindi (12); San Lorenzo (7); Machachi (5); Manta (3); Military Maintenance shop (3).
Five-ton Trucks-Tulcan (5); Santa Cecelia (5); Esmeraldas (23); Lago Agrio (5); Ibarro (4); Putumayo (2); Quevedo (4); Latacunga (3); Shushufindi (6); San Lorenzo (13); and Military Maintenance shop (6).
In support of its peace-keeping troops working under the United Nations in Haiti, the Ecuadorian Army (ECA) sent, without NAS permission, five USG-donated 5-ton trucks to Haiti. With host country funds, the ECA purchased sixty 5-ton trucks from the same excess U.S. military lot as the trucks donated by NAS. Five of the 60 trucks replaced those sent to Haiti; the replacement was competed in 2006. Spare parts for Military tactical vehicle were purchased during 2007 for $1.6 M for Northern Border Military Operations.
The NAS provides support for all USG-donated vehicles totaling 190 cars/trucks/vans buses and 92 motorcycles. In 2007, the NAS purchased 36 vehicles and 17 motorcycles and auctioned 20 vehicles and 10 motorcycles in poor mechanical condition. In addition, three vehicles are out-of-service and will be sold at auction. Proceeds from auctions are being recycled into replacement vehicles and motorcycles. All of the vehicles donated through 506 drawdown are out of service and will be sold as scrap. One hundred eighty-seven (187) vehicles and 93 motorcycles are in operable condition. The vehicles are assigned to the following counternarcotics units throughout Ecuador: Pichincha (56); Guayas (26); Carchi (9); Esmeraldas (5); El Ora (2); Loja (3); Manab (3); Azuay (2); Tugurahua (1); Imbabura (3); Cotopaxi (1); Sucumios (5); Napo (1); GEMA (17); SIU (36); COAC (5); Pastaza (1); Judicial Plice (1); and Military (19).
The motorcycles are assigned to the following locations: Pichincha (15); Guayas (6); Carchi (3); Sucumbos (5); Esmeraldas (2); Loja (3); Imbabura (4); Azuay (2); Manab (4); El Oro (2); Cotopaxi (1); Tungurhua (1); Bolvar (1), Napo (1); Orellana (2); Chimborazo (1); Zamora (1), GEMA (16) COAC (5); Judicial Police (4); SIU (35); Military (15), Aeropolitical (3).
In 2007, the NAS started the process of purchasing 58 pickup trucks, 17 automobiles, 9 taxis, 7 vans, 4 cargo trucks, 3 mid-size buss, and 69 motorcycles through RPSO in Florida. The majority of this purchase will be a fleet expansion for the Ecuadorian Anti-Narcotics Police. Approximately 20% of this purchase will replace vehicles and motorcycles to be sold at auction.
The NAS has established Blanket Purchase Orders (BPA’s) with several repair shops. Repair and maintenance needs are evaluated by NAS personnel and the vehicles are sent to appropriate shops for the necessary work. The NAS keeps records of vehicle maintenance; maintains a tire stock; and furnishes a fixed amount of fuel for operations by the donated vehicles throughout Ecuador.
The Eurocopter helicopter donated to the Ecuadorian Marines is housed in Santo Domingo e los Colorados, in Pichincha province. NAS does not provide fuel, maintenance or spare parts. However, the NAS monitors flight hours and general use of helicopter.
The NAS currently supports the Ecuadorian National Police Communications with 22 repeater stations, 38 base stations, 75 mobile units, 475 portable hand-held radios (walkie-talkies), 2 manpack HF radios, and 1 HF base radio. All equipment is provided with full accessories. The equipment is distributed throughout the country. The NAS donated 262 Motorola Portable hand-held radios to the ENP in 2006.
The DNA has 16 HT-1000 and 71 Motorola Saber radios. Twenty of the 71 Saber radios were previously used by the NAS-supported, DHS-guided Anti-alien Smuggling Police Intelligence Unit (COAC) but were returned to the DNA in 2005. Currently, those 20 radios are inoperable and stored at the ENP warehouse.
The Ecuadorian Army (the 19th Jungle brigade, Coca) has 87 Manpack VHF radios, chargers and accessories that were donated in FY-2002. The equipment was upgraded and repaired by the manufacturer in 2006 and is still in working condition. In 2007, the NAS started the process of purchasing new communications equipment through INL.
The NAS completed the upgrade of the computer equipment provided to the DNA. Two hundred ninety-three computers (293), 91 printers, 117 digital cameras, 35 scanners, 14 servers, 51 laptops were distributed throughout Ecuador at the following antinarcotics facilities:
Computers-Pichincha (158); Guayas (67); Imbabura (6); Carchi (10);Esmeraldas (4); Tungurahua (4); Los Rios (2); El Oro (4); Canar (1); Azuay (3); Napo (1); Zamora (2); Cotopaxi (3); Chimborazo (2); Orellana (2); Sucumbios (4); Pastaza (2) Manabi (9); Loja (1); Galapagos (3); Bolivar (1); Morona (1); San Lorenzo (3).
Printers-Pichincha (27); Guayas (28); Imbabura (3); Carchi (5); Esmeraldas (21); Tungurahua (1); Los Rios (2); El Oro (2); Canar (1); Azuay (1); Napo (1); Zamora (1); Cotopaxi (2); Orellana (1); Sucumbios (1); Pastaza (1); Manabi (8); Loja (1); Galapagos (1); Puyo (1).
Digital Cameras-Pichincha (51); Guayas (18); Imbabura (6); Carchi (4); Esmeraldas (5); Los Rios (1); Canar (1); Azuay (1); Napo (2); Zamora (1); Cotopaxi (2); Chimborazo (1); Orellana (1); Sucumbios (4); Pastaza (1); Manabi (6); Loja (3); Galapagos (2); Bolivar (1); Morona (1); Puyo (1).
Laptops-Pinchincha (23); Guayas (4); Carchi (1); Esmeraldas (1); Tungurahua (1); Los Rios (1); El Oro (1); Azuay (1); Zamora (1); Chimborzao 1; Sucumbios (1); Pastaza (1); Manabi (3); Loja (2); Galapagos (1); Napo (1). The NAS donated 7 laptops to the Ecuadorian Military in Sucumbios.
Scanners-Pichinchi (14); Guayas (15); Imbabura (2); Carchi (2); Esmeraldas (1); El Oro (1); Sucumbios (1); Manabi (3).
Servers-Pichincha (7); Guayas (6); Carchi (1).
The NAS delivered the following computer equipment to DNA’s warehouse that will be distributed to the various units: 120 CPU’s, 120 monitors, 46 Notebooks, 33 printers, 140 UPS’, 30 multifunctional. 34 faxes, 50 camcorders, 40 digital cameras, 1 mixer, 20 hard drives, 10 external hard drives, 20 memories for printers, 20 hard drives for printers, 20 fusor for printers, 5 adopters for flat panel monitors, 200 toners, 4 cable UPS.’
DEA donated 16 CPU’s to the SIU group.
NAS/Ecuador has been providing technical assistance, food and supplies to the Ecuadorian National Police's Canine Training Center (CAC) located in Quito since its inception, as well as to the canine units deployed at Ecuador's major airports. The canine program has been the pride of the ENP and accounts for nearly all of the drug interdictions in Ecuador. There are 79 dogs in the canine unit donated by the NAS. They are located as follows: Pichincha (20); Guayas (21); Manta (8); Machala (5); Mascarillas (7); Carchi (6); Cotopaxi (3) San Lorenzo (3); San Jeronimo (3); Esmeraldas (3).
Three 27-foot launches were donated to the Ecuadorian Marines to provide them better capability to patrol the extensive water systems on the border with Mario province in Colombia. All of the boats are located in San Lorenzo and are in good working condition.
Eleven (11) Zodiacs for the Ecuadorian Military are at the warehouse for distribution.
The following construction projects were completed in 2007: dining room and kitchen for CICC DNI, Quito; adaptation of kennels for the Canine Center at Quito airport; remodeling offices and troop barracks for canine unit at Port Guayaquil; enlargement of troop barracks for the Canine Training Center, Quito; construction of fence and cover for kennels at Manta Port; remodeling facilities of Pinchincha headquarters Anti-Drug Police JPAP, Quito; remodeling of office for the Judicial Police, Quito; adaptation of barracks & construction of kennels for the Anti-narcotics Police, Lago Agtio; training rooms for dogs at the Canine Training Center, Quito; diesel tank for generator at San Jeronimo Police checkpoint; remodeling of kennels for the Canine Training Center, Quito; construction of the warehouse for CONSEP Guayaquil; enlargement of GEMA Police Check Point in Baeza; construction of kennels for the Police Canine Unit, Santo Domingo; remodeling of offices dormitories at the Canine Training Center, Quito; construction of temporary kennels for the Canine Unit at the Airport, Guayaquil; remodeling of office & dormitories at the Canine Unit, Santo Domingo; remodeling of maintenance workshop for BAL 72, Quito; remodeling of workshop for tactical vehicles for Ecuadorian Navy, Esmeraldas; adaptation of a maintenance workshop for adaptation of tactical vehicles at Esmeraldas; adaptation of a maintenance workshop for tactical vehicles for BI 39 Galo Molina, Tulcn; design and construction of the C-130 workshop enlargement for FAE, Quito; enlargement of workshop and construction of parking area for tactical vehicles for Ecuadorian Navy, San Lorenzo; maintenance workshop for tactical vehicles in Santa Cecilia; design and construction of a tactical tower for Ecuadorian Army Maldonado, Carchi; construction of shelters for ECU Army, Esmeraldas; construction of shelters for the ECU Army, Esmeraldas; integrated police Check Point in San Jersnimo, Imbabura; maintenance workshop for tactical vehicles for GCM-36 Yahuachi, Ibarra; police port inspection facilities in Puerto Bolivar, El Oro; aero Police Control Base in Santo Doming de los Colorados; Carchi Antinarcotics police headquarters in Tulen; police inspection facilities in Esmeraldas; construction of barracks and offices for canine training center CAC, Quito; construction of barracks and offices for canine airport unit, Guayaquil; construction Sansahuari military base, Sucumbios; construction and remodeling of Villamar Cooper Military Base, Sucumbios; Perimeter fence and additional works, Lago Agrio; GYE port inspection remodeling, Guayaquil; helipad construction, San Lorenzo; Ecuadorian Navy helipad, Esmeraldas; construction of a pier for the Ecuadorian Navy, San Lorenzo.
In 2006, the NAS purchased significant amounts of field gear for the Ecuadorian military under military programs budget: 32 binoculars; 70 expandable batons; 255 trauma kits; 145 compasses; 590 canteens; 262 backpacks, 375 hats; 75 belts; 1076 tactical gloves; 166 flashlights; 1115 sleeping pads; 23 tactical life preservers; 50 tactical lights; 100 boots; 85 overalls; 480 hammocks; 100 pepper spray; 11 head mounts; 32 GPS; 150 tactical harnesses; 360 ponchos; 150 florescent jackets; 8 overalls; 360 ponchos; 140 boots; 240 flashlights, 175 handcuffs, 818 fast rope system, 20 ascending snap links. Not all gear has arrived in country. Field gear donated by NAS is in proper use subject to normal attrition.
New tactical gear equipment recently provided to the Ecuadorian Military include the following: ultra duty belts (60), handcuff pouches (60), radio pouches (60); glove pouches (60), logo handcuff keys (60), compact light holder (6), expandable baton holders (60); tactical application gloves (60); surefire 6P flashlights (60); millennium level II body armor (60); military handcuffs peerless (60); industrial light sticks (60); sleeping bags (60); narco tests squad kits (3) classic hydration kits (3).
The following field gear was recently purchased for the National Police: florescent jackets (150), handcuffs (4), overalls (8), tactical harnesses (415), boots (140), flashlights (240).
The following equipment has been procured for distribution to DNA/GEMA: Life body armor (280), trauma plates (280), life level AII body armor (60); flex cuff restraints (4,000), traffic cones (60), CP cordless rechargeable spot (55), ponchos (255), Mag-lites 2 D cell (100), flashlights (250), goggles (20). M-3 medic bags (30), smoke grenades (150), tents (280), portable stretcher black (20).
The NAS provided the DNA with 18 emergency generators in previous years. They are in service at the operational units as follows: Pinchincha (1); Guayas (3); Manta (2); Sucumbios (2); Baeza (2); Carchi (2); San Lorenzo (1); San Jeronimo (2); Machala (2); Napo (1).
The NAS provided three portable Ion scanners in 2003. They are located in Tulcan (1); LaAgo Agrio (1) and Guayas (2), Machala. (1), Manta (1), Baeza (1).
Two digital X-ray machines are located at the Quito and Guayaquil airports and at the Ecuadorian post office. The X-ray machine at the Guayaquil airport is out-of-service after a passenger struck the machine in anger in refusing to submit to an X-ray examination by police.
Field gear donated by the NAS is in proper use subject to normal attrition, war and tear.
Emergency generators (18) donated by NAS to DNA in previous years are in service at the following operational units: Pichincha (1), Guayas (3), Manabi (2), Sucumbios (2), Baeza (2), Carchi (2), San Lorenzo (1), San Jeronimo (2), Machala (2), Napo (1).
No particular problems were encountered. There are no indications of systemic abuses of human rights involving USG assistance or the recipients of USG assistance.
U.S. Government assistance is crucial to the counternarcotics program of the ENP. The central funding received from the National Police by the Anti-Drug Division covers only salaries and basic administrative expenses, aside from about 30 vehicles procured for DNA by the ENP in 2002 and 2003. The NAS and DEA provide almost all logistical and operational support to the Ecuadorian National Police Anti-Drug Division.
Drug seizures and arrest statistics for calendar year 2007 were (metric tons):
Chilean police have made a request for pole cameras to monitor suspected areas of urban drug activity, and for mobile radar that would enable them to detect go-fast boats or desert movement as they guard their northern border from the trafficking of drugs and people.