The International Narcotics Crime and Control (INCC) program in Turkey has been winding down since 2000 because of the GOT’s refusal to accept the Leahy Amendment language contained in the Letter of Agreement (LOA). No new equipment was provided in 2007. Almost all remaining INL funds were exhausted with the conclusion of the Afghan-Turkish counternarcotics training course in February 2007.
Equipment has been assigned to numerous locations throughout the country, and with post’s limited INL budget, physical inspection of any but a very small portion is a practical impossibility. Thus post relies on periodic meetings with supervisory personnel in recipients agencies to monitor use. The equipment has been assigned to numerous locations throughout the country. Post expects virtually all remaining INL funds to be exhausted with the conclusion of the Afghan-Turkish counternarcotics training course.
Five Turkish agencies have responsibility for Turkey’s anti-narcotics programs: the Turkish Grain Board (TNO), Turkish National Police (TNP), Jandarma, Customs, and the Amatem drug addiction treatment facility. Generally, the equipment provided since 1986 can be assigned to the following categories: communications, surveillance and poppy processing.
Post verified that equipment in use in provincial police stations matched both post's records and those of the TNP. Due to sustained USG efforts, almost all of the INL-funded equipment has been distributed to field offices where it most directly benefits interdiction efforts. The TNP and Customs Guards place sufficient emphasis on proper storage, maintenance, and use of equipment. All equipment inspected appears to be in good condition.
INL has not provided any assistance to Turkey since 1999, because the Government of Turkey (GOT) did not accept language regarding human rights in the 2000 Letter of Agreement.
Customs Officials in Mersin use INL-funded actuators, a fiberscope, cameras, night vision goggles and tape recorders frequently. Customs Guards in Samsun use the USG-funded fiberscope extensively. The fiberscope enables the guards to search inner compartments and fuel tanks of large TIR trucks, which increases their effectiveness dramatically. It was particularly helpful in making the recent acetic anhydrite seizures.
In 2003, four videoscopes were delivered to the TNP. The GPS tracking system provided in 2000 has been very useful. The TNP constantly uses night vision equipment in investigations. The analog voice recording systems is nearing the end of its useful life, but is still in use. About 200 voice-recording systems will be retired by year’s end since the TNP has upgraded to digital systems. INL-funded equipment accounted for the bulk of specialized equipment in both Customs and TNP's inventories in Mersin. The INL-funded equipment was well maintained and property used.
The TNP is effectively using the briefcase kit and night vision binoculars. Other items used extensively by the Alcohol and Addictive Treatment Center (AMATEM) include data projector, screen, slide projector, video recorder and player. They are used for the drug awareness program in schools.
The Turkish Customs was efficiently using the INL-funded Ion scanners and fiberscopes along the most important smuggling routes. Of the equipment previously provided to Customs, Ion scanners used to detect narcotics and explosives are the most useful. The GOT bought additional Ion scanners to be used in their most highly trafficked areas. The fiberscopes need to be updated. Customs updated these to videoscopes and sent the fiberscopes to less active border crossings. Customs also uses the digital cameras and night vision pocketscopes delivered in 2000-2002.
Post procured covert cameras and communications radios for the TNP; covert transmitters and micro surveillance recorders for the Jandarma; a pilot facility and a seed processing facility for the Turkish Grain Board; and test kits and night vision pocket scopes for Turkish Customs. They are in good condition and used for the purpose intended.
In 2003, post provided ATAMEM (a state-sponsored drug rehabilitation facility) computer equipment and software, communications equipment, and telephone switchboard. The equipment is being used for patient management and rehabilitation. It has proven very useful.
In 2004, INL donated two video receiving/recoding systems and one nite-mate 3G night vision camera. In December 2004, a humidity meter device was donated to the TMO for poppy processing operations. They are in good condition.
Post provided 20 vehicles to the Turkish Grain Board (TMO) in 1992 and 1993. The vehicles are in use in TMO’s monitoring operations in poppy fields in Afyon, Turkey. The vehicles are aging and in need of continuous maintenance.
TNP uses surveillance headphones in the following locations: Adana (6), Ankara (5), Diyarbakir (22), Duzce (1), Edirne (1), Gaziantep (1), Isanbul (1), Izmir (10), Kamarae (1), Kirikkale (1), Kirsehir (1), Konya (1), TNP headquarters (51), Mersin (6), Mugla (3), Osmaniye (1), Sakarya (1), Usak (1), Van (4), Yalova (1).
TNP continues to use the radio sets in the following locations: Anaya (1); Baliksehir (3); Bursa (1); Diyarbakir (1); Gaziantep (1); Istanbul (2); Izmir (9); Kars (1); Kocaeli (4); Konya (5); TNP headquarters (36); Mersin (4); Mugla (4); Sanliurfa (5); Van (5); Yalova (2).
Transmitted packets are used in Ankara (10); Baliksehir (1); Diyarbakir (5); Isanbul (30); Izmir (10); Konya (5); TNP Headquarters (33); Mesin (1);Van (2).
Microphones are used in Diyarbakir (1); Istanbul (2); TNP headquarters (15); Mugla (1).
The DX-2B telephone switchboard and related technical equipment together with 50 phone machines provided in 2003 are operational and used for the communication of the staff and patients within the AMATEM section of Bakirkoy hospital.
TNP uses GSP tracking system equipment in the following locations: Diyarbakir (1); Istanbul (2); TNP Headquarters (5).
Videoscopes are used in Istanbul (1) and at TNP headquarters (1).
TNP continues to use cameras in the following locations throughout Turkey: Adana (1); Ankara (3); Diyarbakir (1); Malatya (31); TNP headquarters (55); Mugla (1).
All resources are being properly maintained and have been useful but some quickly have became obsolete.
Maintenance of equipment procured from vendors in the United States that do not have distributors in the United States is very costly and time-consuming since products have to be shipped back to the United States for repair.
Because of the Government of Turkey’s refusal to accept the Leahy amendment language contained in the 2000 Letter of Agreement, the INL program is winding down.
All agencies expressed appreciation for the items INL provided. Consistent advances in technology pushed agencies to switch or upgrade equipment ultimately rendering obsolete many of the previously supplied INC equipment.
Overall, the INL-funded equipment and training provided to Turkey has been useful, but without continued funding post’s reporting trips to outlying areas to monitor resources in the field will become increasingly more difficult due to budgetary restraints. If Congress approves future requests for resumed funding for INCLE programs in Turkey, post will need to structure programs that allow for effective End Use Monitoring.
Embassy law enforcement officials are in regular contact with the Alexandroupolis Unit. The riverboat continues to be used for patrol and drug interdiction efforts.
The riverboat is no longer used by the National Police Counternarcotics Unit in Alexandroupolis for patrolling the Evros River and the border between Greece and Turkey, a crossing point for traffickers in narcotics and illegal immigrant smugglers. During 2007, the boat’s motor failed and could not be repaired. The vessel was junked.
Greece is part of the traditional “Balkan route” for drugs flowing from drug-producing countries in the East to drug-consuming countries in Western Europe. Investigations initiated by the DEA and its Hellenic counterparts suggest that a dramatic rise has occurred in the number and size of drug trafficking organizations operating in Greece. Having a police boat on patrol in the Evros deters illegal smuggling and trafficking activities although even without the vessel, interdiction efforts are continuing. Cooperation between U.S. and Greek law enforcement officials is exceptionally close and professional.
Issuance of equipment and supplies to members of the Major Crimes Task Force were completed through personal distribution and documented in the internal ledgers of the Task Force.
Uniforms and Field Gear
The following uniforms and field gear were provided to each of the 15 Iraqi members of the Major Crimes Task Force: tactical pants, tactical shirt, Danner boots, handcuffs, tactical holster, pistol magazine pouch, and flashlight.
Evidence recovery supplies including fingerprint kits, collection receptacles, excavation tools were purchased in support of the task force.
The equipment and clothing acquired for the task force are used on a daily basis by members of the task force. The clothing has allowed uniformity among the members of the task force.
Baku conducted inspections of all forensic equipment provided to host government agencies. These agencies include the Forensic Centers under the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The agencies were cooperative and provided all necessary information and access to the sites.
Computer and Camera Equipment
The following equipment was donated to the Ministry of Internal Affairs in August 2006 for use in the regions of Azerbaijan: 21 Fuji Pro S20 digital cameras, 1 Dell Precision 670 computer, 1 Epson scanner, 1 Xerox printer, 21 Spectroline 8 watt UV lights. Verification of all of this equipment is not possible, as INL staff is based in Baku and unable to travel to each specific area. However, a dip note has been sent to the Ministry of Internal Affairs requesting verification.
The Ministry of Justice also received 2 Fuji Pro S20 digital cameras, 1 Dell precision 670 computer, 1 Epson scanner, 1 Xerox printer. All are in use.
The Ministry of Health received 2 Fuji Pro S20 digital cameras, 1 Dell precision 670 computer, 1 Epson scanner, 1 Xerox printer. All are in use.
In 2007, the Forensic Department of the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Internal Affairs all received laboratory equipment including GAS Chromatography Systems with mass selective detector, liquid Chromatography System with diode-array detector. All laboratory equipment was on site and being used properly. Over 90% of all requests for examination are done in the Forensic Department.
In February 2007, the INL office was staffed with relatively new people. Since that time the current INL staff has retrieved most but not all information about equipment transferred to the host government. The absence of good record- keeping procedures by previous personnel of donated equipment caused some confusion and has made End Use Monitoring difficult. It appears that former staff distributed equipment without a thorough accountability for the donated equipment. A more thorough in-depth analysis of donated equipment will be conducted by people in the INL section.
The impact of the donations of all forensic equipment can be observed when INL staff visit the various ministries. The Ministry of Health Forensic Department personnel have advised that since the donation of the GC/MS, their output of chemical forensic analysis has doubled. In addition, all ministries personnel have repeatedly asked for advanced training on GC/MS to use the machine to maximize potential.
Post donated anti-crime equipment to the Serbian Police War Crimes Unit in 2007. Post used personal on-site inspections to provide End Use Monitoring of this equipment. All equipment was personally observed /accounted for by DOJ/ICITAP staff during the period November 1-21, 2007.
Twenty (20) Sony Ericsson mobile phones were donated to the Serbian Police War Crimes Unit in calendar year 2007. The phones are being used by authorized personnel of the War Crimes Investigative Services.
Two (2) Skoda Fabia sedans were donated to the Serbian Police War Crimes Unit in 2007. The sedans are being used by authorized personnel of the War Crimes Investigative Services.
The Serbian Police War Crimes Investigative Service, like many police functions, is under-resourced. These donations enhanced the unit’s capacity to effectively communicate and to contact and interview witnesses. In a complimentary move, the Ministry of Interior has recently addressed personnel shortages by increasing unit staffing significantly.
Post monitored INL-financed commodities by on-site inspections, periodic spot checks, meetings with the Romanian law enforcement officials, and comparison of records at post with reports generated by the Government of Romania. Every time equipment is provided to the local institutions, the RSO and the representative of the beneficiary agency sign a note containing a brief description of the items donated, technical specifications, serial numbers and prices. Each piece of equipment is marked with the Embassy logo via permanent stickers for easy tracking. In addition, representatives of the U.S. law enforcement agencies at post observe and made use of equipment provided by the USG during joint operations or training initiatives with the Romanian Police.
Post purchased office furniture (16 desks, 3 shelves, 1 table and 10 chairs) for the newly created lab/training room of the Cyber Crime Unit Headquarters within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime. The items are in good condition and properly used for training sessions and meetings with local trainers and law enforcement officers, as well as for USG sponsored seminars.
Specialized IT equipment was donated to the Cyber /Crime Unit within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime. The list includes: computers (44), UPS (44), ultra block IDE kit (35), ultra block SATA (35) ultra block USB write blocker (20), forensic card reader and writer (2), SIM card readers (2), triple tracks reader (16), smart card reader/writer (4), cell phones (3), cameras (2). They are located around the country. They are properly maintained and used by the offices and the joint FBI Romanian Police cyber crime force for training and investigative purposes.
The laptops and projector donated to the Cluj-Napoca Brigade within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime are being properly maintained and used for case presentations, training sessions or joint operations with US law enforcement agencies.
Fifteen new licenses for EnCase Forensic Software Version 6 were purchased for the Cyber Crime Unit within the General Directorate for Combating Crime and 19 previously acquired licenses were upgraded. The software is a powerful analysis tool for complex investigations. Post also provided 2 licenses to the Forensic Institute in Bucharest to support their operations and official examination reports. The Police Academy received one EnCase license for its computer lab to be used during cyber crime investigation seminars.
The following equipment was purchased and donated to the Counternarcotics Unit within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime to be used for investigative purposes: video cameras (5), cameras (4), wireless receiver (1l, fax machine (1), monitor (1), handcuffs (35), video projector (1), and screen (1). They are located at the unit’s central offices.
Training equipment provided to the Special Protection and Intervention Group ACVILA (Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform) for tactical training are in good condition, located at ACVILA’s headquaters and frequently used for tactical demonstrations and training purposes. Both RSO and the INL coordinator have seen this equipment in use while touring this facility with a U.S. law enforcement delegation.
Training equipment provided to the Postgraduate Training Center of the Ministry of the Administration and Interior is properly used and maintained at the center. It is used to support the agency’s in-service practical and tactical training program and officers.
The following equipment was donated to the Police Academy in Bucharest to be used by the students during tactical training sessions: Redman training suits (10), training gun glocks (10), training guns (5), training radios (10), red training flashlights (10), red training knives (5), straight training batons (20), chain handcuffs (30), Galls standard cuff keys (100), Galls molded nylon duty belts (10), Galls molded nylon hand cuff cases (100), Galls molded nylon universal radios (10), Galls molded nylon duty belt keepers (10), Galls molded nylon flashlight holders (10), Redman full training suits (4), baton training bags (15), training shotguns (2), Red training guns (1), Galls Pro 1 duty holsters (10). The equipment is located at the Police Academy; it is properly maintained and used to provide practical and realistic training to the students.
The following equipment was donated to the Postgraduate Training Course of the Ministry of Administration and Interior: Redman training suits (10), training gun glocks (10), frame Training guns (5), training guns (2), traveling radios (10), red training flashlights (10), red training knives (5), straight training batons (20), chain handcuffs (30), Galls standard cuff keys (100), Galls molded nylon duty belts (10), Galls molded nylon hand cuff cases (10), Galls molded nylon universal radios (10), Galls molded nylon duty belt keepers (10), Galls molded nylon flashlight holders (10), Redman full training suits (4), baton training bags (15), training shotguns (2), Red training gun (1), Galls Pro 1 duty holsters (10). This equipment is properly used and maintained.
The following equipment was donated to the Special Protection and Intervention Group ACVILA (Ministry of Administration and Interior) to be used for their technical training: Redman training suits (5), training guns clocks (5), frame training guns (5), training guns, training radios (5), red training knives (5), Galls molded nylon duty belts (5), Galls molded nylon hand cuff cases (5), Galls molded nylon universal radios (5), Galls molded nylon duty belt keepers (5), baton training bags (5), training shotguns (5), training guns (5), Galls Pro 1 duty holsters (5). All equipment is located at ACVILA’s headquarters and is constantly used for training purposes and for demonstrations at special events or visits.
Laptops and Projectors
Two laptops and one video projector were purchased for the benefit of the Cyber Crime Unit within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime. They are located at the Unit’s headquarters and are properly maintained and used by the officers. The equipment is also used by the FBI Romanian Police Cyber task force.
One laptop and one video projector were donated to the Police Academy’s Law School (Department of Investigations). They are property maintained and used for seminars and lectures for presentations.
One laptop and one video projector were donated to the local brigade of the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime in the city of Cluj-Napoca. They are properly maintained and used by officers for daily operations and for special investigations in cooperation with U.S. agencies (ICE).
Forensic software was donated to the Cyber Crime Unit within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime. Nineteen licenses for Forensic software Version 5 were purchased for the Cyber Crime Unit within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime. The software allows all the units to analyze electronic data contained on computer drives for forensic evidentiary purposes. It is used on computers located at the Cyber Crime headquarters and the local brigades.
The following technical equipment was provided to the Cyber Crime Unit within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime: computers (16), UPS (10), switches (5), scanner (1), printers (3), flash drives (4), copier (1). All equipment is properly maintained and used for investigative purposes.
The newly created computer lab at the Cyber Crime Unit’s HQ has been used during USC sponsored seminar and workshops (EnCase Forensic Software Training, Advanced Cyber Crime Investigations, etc); it is also frequently used for case presentations, briefings and meetings by the agency’s specialists and by members of FBI task force operating from Romanian Police HQ.
The Cyber Crime Unit within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime coordinates a large number of investigations. USG support has been instrumental, in the creation of a modern and dynamic specialized unit, properly equipped and trained to respond to cyber related challenges both locally and abroad. The unit’s offices work closely with FBI colleagues assigned to the joint task force in Bucharest, but they also assist other US law enforcement agencies (ICE, USSS) in their investigations. Statistics for the General Inspectorate of Romanian Police reveal that 166 cyber crime cases were investigated jointly by Romanian and USG authorities in 2006. In 2007, the total number increased to 297.
The cooperation with the "Alesxandru Ioan Cuza” Police Academy in Bucharest plays an important part in the relationship between USG and local law enforcement agencies. The donation of manuals, reference books and practical guides allows the institution to provide higher educational standards to its young recruits and a better access to recent publications and researches for its academics.
Post conducted on-site inspections of the equipment in conjunction with separate programs such as training events, site visits, etc. The Government of Moldova was fully cooperative in this effort and made all commodities available upon request. The INL assistant maintains an updated comprehensive spreadsheet to track inspections and the location of donated commodities.
In December 2007, post donated five Chevrolet Lacetti sedans to the Department of Operative Services of the Ministry of Interior. The vehicles are used by the Combating Organized Crime Unit. They are in excellent condition and in use.
In 2006, five Lada Sedans VAZ-2107 were donated to the Ministry of Interior. They are distributed as follows: Combating Organized Crime Unit (2); Anti-Fraud Department (1); General Police Commissariat (1), Internal Security Department (1). They are in excellent condition and in use.
In 2005, two Lada sedans VAZ-2107 were donated to the Carabineers Department (1) and to the SCUT Regiment-Patrol Police (1). They are in excellent condition and in use.
In 2004, four Lada Sedans VAZ-2107 were donated to the Municipal Police. They are in good condition and used by the city police. In addition, the Carabineers received one Lada Sedan and two cargo vans. They are well maintained and widely used.
In December 2003, post donated seven vehicles to the Ministry of Interior (MOI) for use in patrol and response by police personnel. The vehicles are being used in accordance with the LOA and are well-maintained.
Post provided an X-ray van to the Moldovan Customs Service in 1999. It is based in Chisinau but regularly deploys to Moldovan Ports of Entry. Maintenance was performed earlier this year. The van is fully operational.
The USG donated 20 PC’s to the Police Academy in 2001-2002 for use by the computer lab. The Police Academy did not use the computer equipment until the warranty expired. It appears that they are substandard PC’s. The chips on the hard drive overheated. There are only 5 PC’s that function, However, they are still outdated and in very poor condition.
The forensic lab is used by the Criminal Investigations Department of the Customs Service. It is in excellent condition and widely used at crime scenes for documenting and collecting evidence.
During 2003, post continued its efforts to advance Moldovan law enforcement capabilities by donating three pieces of INL-funded forensic equipment. Two were donated to the MOI and one to the MOJ. All three are in excellent condition and being used for their intended purposes.
The Customs stamps, although used since 2001, only became effective in 2003. It took two years for Ukrainian Customs to recognize their legitimacy.
The X-ray van has provided a strong deterrent to smugglers, forcing criminals to look for alternate means of transportation. The Customs stamps are already proving beneficial by stifling illicit trade through the Transnistria region of Moldova and adding economic pressure to the Transnistrians to engage in reunification talks.
The MOI lab has made extensive use of the two pieces of forensic equipment since their donation in late September. Document and/or chemical analysis that used to take fifteen days now takes only one. The lab performs tests for other Moldovan ministries and departments as well.
The Ministry of Justice (MOJ), since enactment of the new criminal code in June 2003, performs similar document analysis and has conducted about 100 analyses for use in court since mid-October. The forensic equipment at both the MOI and MOJ labs has had a significant impact on the quality and quantity of forensic work performed by and for Moldovan law enforcement.
The equipment conveyed to the Ukrainian recipients was based on donation letters and reference to the existing MOU between the Government to the United States and the Government of Ukraine on law enforcement assistance. Donation letters provide for periodic on-site inspection of transferred equipment by the donor.
In 2007, post provided a 2000 Jeep Cherokee to the State Border Guard Service for use by the Training Center in Cherkassy and to facilitate future INL projects with the Cherkassy TC.
Vehicle inspection tools were provided to the SBGS in 2006. They are used to train students in vehicle inspection. All items are properly maintained.
In 2006, the following equipment was provided to the State Border Guard Services (SBGS) of Ukraine through the FLECT-implemented project: Notebooks (12), MS office pro (12), printers (15), flash memory sticks (24), flip charts (6), desk phone (1), floppy drives FDD (4), multimedia projector (2), headphones (4), mouse pads (4), CT-30 Inspection Kit (3), vehicle search kits (2), inspection mirrors (6), stethoscopes (12), flashlights (8), power converters (3), Mag-Lite flashlights (6), air compressor (1), laser length measuring device (1).
The equipment was distributed among the training centers and the personnel training division. The equipment was used to introduce law enforcement courses into SBGS training curriculum.
Computer Network and Communications Equipment
In 2006, INL provided the following equipment to the Ministry of Interior (MOI) of Ukraine through the ICITAP implemented project: network tools (4), cable analyzer kit (1), digital laser distance meter (1), cable tester Repotec (4), laptops (12), Telindus 1421 SHDSL routers (2).
The equipment was used to facilitate IT network administrative training for the MOI IT department. The equipment has remained with the IT department so it can be used by its staff to manage and service the MOI computer network that will be installed under the next stage of the INL project.
Equipment provided to the State Forensic Research Center of the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine under the ICITAP project included two (2) computers, two (2) 19’ LCD monitors, eight (8) laser HP printers, twenty (25) cable belden, twenty- one (21) Ethernet ports, and one (1) UPS.
Equipment provided to the State Department of Intellectual Property of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine under the ICITAP project included: two (2) computer PC’s, two (2) 19” monitors, seven (7) scanners, twenty-five (25) Cable Belden Cat5e UTP, twenty-one (21) Ethernet ports, and one (1) UPS.
The donated equipment was provided to support and sustain the new practices, skills, and know-how delivered to the recipients through a series of trainings. The focus of assistance is on sustainability, development and mulitiplication effect. In most cases, the equipment is provided to facilitate further training of enforcement activity approximated to European standards.
Post conducted on-site inspections in October in two Russian sea ports: Ssochi and Novorrosiysk and in December in the Orenburg region (Russian-Kazakhstan border) where three FSKN posts were visited (Orenburg, Sol-Hetsk and Orsk).
All commodities were recently delivered to the FSKN and Russian Customs. They are being stored at the agency’s storage facilities in Moscow pending delivery of the vehicles for which the equipment is intended. All equipment is in brand new condition.
Twenty-five notebook computers and 42 desktop computers are used by FSKN; seventeen notebook computers and nine desktop computers are used by Customs.
Analyst Notebook and Ibridge software is used by the Anti-Money Laundering assistance program to the Federal Service of Financial Monitoring.
In 2006, 72 hand-held radio stations were provided to FSKN and 32 to Customs. Eighteen Motorola-vehicle mounted radio stations were provided to FSKN and 8 to Customs.
In 2006, the following equipment was provided to FSKN: concealed cavities detection device (6), portable X-ray and TV system (6); GPS (6); digital camera Canon (13); digital dictaphones (28); metal detector (6), long distance lights (36).
The following equipment was provided to Customs: concealed cavities detection device (10); portable X-ray and TV system (10); technical videoscope (4); Canon cameras (17) digital camera (17); digital dictaphones (14); metal detector (6) and long distance lights (20) and GPS (3).
In 2006, eight Chevrolet Nivas and five minivan Gazels were provided to Customs. Twenty-one SUV’s were provided to FSKN in March. In 2006, eight Chevrolet Niva’s and five Gazel minivans were provided to Customs. All are in good condition.
In FY-2007 the USG provided funding to the Center for Communications Program (CCP) of John Hopkins’ Bloomberg School of Public Health to conduct a program focusing on drug Demand Reduction and HIV prevention among youth in the Russian Far East (Sakhalin Island and Irkutsk Region) and in Ivanovo Region. Drug addiction rates in these high-risk areas are nearly twice the national average and efforts were directed to the most vulnerable districts and towns in each region.
The program consists of peer education and in-school education for young people 15 to 18 years of age. The peer education program reaches youth in vocational schools, youth clubs, NGO activities, summer camps and other special programs conducted by regional governments to reach teenagers at greatest risk.
These youth drug and alcohol abuse programs have reach thousands of young people through three high-risk regions. The Ministry of Education has approved the in-school curriculum for use throughout Russia.
Post did not inspect equipment or vehicles in Saratov, Omsk, Chelyabinsk regions, or Astrakham, Baltic, North-West, Pulkova and St. Petersburg Customs because the resources were transferred to them in late 2007. Inspections are planned in 2008.
Trafficking in opiates from Afghanistan (primarily opium and processed heroin) and their abuse were major problems facing Russian law enforcement and public health agencies. The USG has provided vehicles, inspection equipment, radios and computers in the Border Security/Anti-narcotics Agency Development Project in support of an on-going effort to establish drug interdiction units along the Russian-Kazakh border in Orenburg, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Saratov and Kurgan. Although the equipment has been in use only a short time, End Use Monitoring indicated that Russian anti-narcotics and Customs authorities are using equipment and DEA training provided as intended in targeted, intelligence-driven operations. USG agencies enjoy a high level of cooperation with their Russian counterparts.
All equipment was donated per written and signed agreement between ICITAP and the receiving institutions. DOJ/ICITAP conducted on-site inspections of the donated equipment.
On March 1, 2007, the ICITAP program donated 18 drug display kits to the following: Police Academy (2); Police Directorate (7) for police stations in Podgorica, Niksic, Bar/Ulcinj, Herceg Novi, Bijelo Polje, Pljevlja, and Berane; Anti-Terrorisn Unit (2); and Customs (7).
In April 2007, the ICITAP program donated three Firearms Training Systems (FATS) to the Police Directorate (for use in the North and South Divisions of the police, and by the Police Anti-Terrorism Unit).
The drug display kits are not displayed on the wall of the Police Academy and municipal police stations, as originally envisioned, but rather are locked up after their use in demonstrations. Two of the FATS were supposed to be delivered to locations in the north and south of Montenegro, but the Police Directorate has not yet given the order for their distribution. It is anticipated, however, that the delivery of these systems will take place in the near future.
The Montenegrin Police and Customs are under-funded and lack adequate resources. A shortage of training materials also hampers their ability to properly prepare new recruits and to bring current officers up-to-date on the latest techniques. The donations enhanced the capacity of Montenegro’s law enforcement agencies to adequately train their personnel.
The RSO and the Political/Economic Section work cooperatively to monitor the use of the equipment through on-site inspections. The RSO meets regularly with police officials. All recipient entities were cooperative and cordial during the on-site inspections.
Computer equipment was donated to upgrade the headquarters Information Bureau and other headquarters offices. Through an on-site spot check, the RSO confirmed that this equipment is being used as intended. Post records indicate that all computer donations made under INL program funding are now a minimum of eight years old and rapidly becoming obsolete.
The Political /Economic Officers and the RSO worked cooperatively to use residual SEED funds to donate surveillance detection equipment to the State Police and to the Anti-Corruption Bureau. Spot checks show this equipment being used as intended. The regional DEA office provided training on the equipment to both recipient groups.
The Latvian Police are using the following equipment for its intended purpose: night vision equipment; fiber scopes; contraband detectors; pinhole cameras; video cameras; analytical software; gas chromatograph; and genetic analyzer.
A computer sent to the Organized Crime Section in Valka, Daugavpils Region cannot be located. The individual who worked with this donation has retired and post has been unable to track him down. Therefore, post cannot verify the whereabouts of the computer. However, post believes that the computer is no longer in use because the technology is obsolete.
All equipment continues to be coordinated into operational activities and is considered effective by the Latvian Police. The equipment provided by the USG to the Latvian Law enforcement supports Embassy Riga’s mission objective to help professionalize and increase capabilities of Latvian law enforcement agencies.
The International Criminal Investigative and Training Assistance Program (ICITAP) has advisors to the Ministry of Security (MOS), the State Investigation and Protection Agency (MOS), the State Investigation and Protection Agency (SIPA), the Republika Sroska Ministry of Interior (MOI), and the Evidence Project. During calendar year 2007, these advisors, ICITAP management, and office personnel conducted inventories and spot inspections of equipment which had been donated by ICITAP during the previous four years.
Because of the influx of donations following the end of hostilities in 1995, BiH established laws requiring recipient agencies to maintain a record of donations, to include the value of donated items. However, personnel changes at the management level provided the obstacles as many incoming supervisors were unaware of where the equipment they had on hand had come from. This situation is being addressed through the introduction of a bar code system by ICITAP at the recommendation of INL in their 2006 Management Review Report. As equipment is donated, it is being affixed with a bar code which identifies it as donated by ICITAP. The bar codes were not received until well into the End Use Monitoring process, so only part of the equipment previously donated was affixed with a bar code during the inventory.
Donations are tracked through hard-copy hand receipts and entry into a comprehensive database. The database provides a record of bar code numbers, item descriptions, serial numbers (if applicable), value, recipient agency, and date of donation.
Over the course of the last four years, ICITAP has donated computer systems (CPU, monitor, mouse, and keyboard), servers routers, switches, etc. in support of numerous IT projects components. In 2002, ICITAP formally donated the Standardized Police Reporting System (SPRS) to the BiH government. This networked application provides police nationwide with a common database for recording police report activities, conducting crime trend analysis and running checks on persons to determine if they are wanted, and on property to determine if it has been reported stolen.
The Border Police was provided two applications: one similar to the SPRS with minor changes which reflect specific border law enforcement needs and a border control system that tracks in-and-out bound passengers with a 100% check of entered names against BiH warrants and several “watch lists.” In 2005 and 2006, ICITAP donated equipment to outfit the newly formed Ministry of Security, the State Investigation and Protection Agency (SIPA) and the Police Restructuring Directorate. The Criminal Intelligence Data Acquisition (CIDA) application and equipment was also provided to SIPA and the police agencies, providing an electronic vehicle for the collection and analysis of raw criminal intelligence. ICITAP is also in the process of building out a wireless network to connect the new state level agencies and about 85% of the border crossings through a network called SPIN (State Police Information Network). Implementation of this network was delayed but is now scheduled for completion in the fall of 2008.
The Assistance to Courts and Prosecutors (ATCP) project component has provided computer systems and applications to all of the courts throughout BiH. At any location, judges, prosecutors, registrars, and attorney generals were provided equipment. ICITAP donated the Case Tracking System and conducted training during deployment. Laptops were provided in support of prosecutors for the conduct of field interviews as well. The High Judicial Prosecutorial Council (HJPC) maintains a database of all equipment in accordance with local law, which has been made available to ICITAP for EUM purposes.
ICITAP donated laptop computers, a printer, to the Anti-Trafficking Strike Force, which is responsible for investigating trafficking cases as part of the national strategy against trafficking in persons. During the inventory, it was discovered that two laptops issued to former Strike Force members were not returned upon their reassignment to other duties. This is being addressed, but remains unresolved as of his writing.
An issue was discovered during this year’s inventory of the ICITAP donated Forensic Recovery of Evidence Devices (FRED). The SIPA units which should be using this equipment are undermanned and the personnel trained by ICITAP are not being used for this purpose. The hiring of personnel is an across-the- board problem which is being addressed through legislative changes, but until they are adopted, these units are likely to remain undermanned. Once the issue is resolved, ICITAP will provide additional training for those personnel identified to work with the FRED equipment and place the equipment into operation.
In November 2005, the USG through ICITAP, donated 26 new vehicles to the newly created Foreign Affairs Service (FAS). These vehicles are accounted for and in use. An additional six used Ford Explorers (used by ICITAP since 1998) were donated and subsequently traded for new vehicles by the FAS.
The INL program donated resources have significantly increased the capacity of the entity and state-level law enforcement agencies to control Bosnia’s borders; interdict trafficking; and conduct criminal investigations. ICITAP qualitative analysis indicates an increase in drug seizures, trafficking cases, and organized crime arrests since the Bosnian law enforcement agencies received the donated equipment.
The Ministry of Security, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, and the Foreign Affairs Service are state-level law enforcement agencies created at the behest of the USG with full ICITAP involvement. Standing up these organizations is an ongoing project, but based on the donations, they have become functional, albeit their qualitative results may still be lacking.
The Border Control System donated by the USG continues to significantly increase control at the borders. Several new land crossings came on line during 2007 and with the completion of the State Police Information Network currently being deployed, it will increase control to more than 85% of the border crossings.
ICITAP is using the concept of communications interoperability as an agent for positive change of Law Enforcement. Communications interoperability makes it possible for different law enforcement agencies to work effectively together.
The Special Support Unit continues to use donated equipment as they conduct high-profile, high-risk apprehensions of war criminals, organized crime figures, suspected terrorist, and illegal immigrants awaiting deportation. This unit could not have conducted these operations safely without these very important ICITAP donations.
The equipment donated to the Ministry of Interior (MOI), the National Forensics Institute, The Ministry of Justice (MOJ), and the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime (GDBOP) was checked through on-site inspections. The staff was cooperative and assisted fully in the inspection process.
The following equipment was donated to the National Forensics Institute in 2000: twelve (12) HP Bric PC’s, five (5) HP LaserJet printers, twelve (12) Power Patriot II UPS’, one (1) HP Compaq PC, one (1) HP L monitor, one (1) IBM PC, one (1) NEC LCD 2180 monitor. It is used by the Institute’s experts, including the Institute’s Director for handling their daily tasks. Due to the specificity of their duties, requiring more research and analysis, the computer equipment is used less frequently than the same at the MOI or GDBOP; hence it is still operational.
The computer equipment donated to the Ministry of Interior (MOI) in 1998 has reached the end of its useful life.
The second-hand equipment donated to the Probation Service of the Ministry of Justice in 2005 is in almost new condition and still operational. The two workstations are in good working order and used to handle the bulk of the Probation Service’s workload, including all e-mail and internet connectivity. One of the computers has been specifically designated for the processing of an increasing number of statistical data compiled for the Service’s affiliates across the country. The multi-functional copier/fax machine is also in good order and used by the head of the Probation Service.
The majority of the computer equipment donated to the GDBOP in 2001 is nearing the end of its useful life. Post was unable to inspect the IBM Thinkpad I laptop since it has been assigned to MOI liaison office in Skopje, Macedonia. Only one of the seven (7) IBM NetVista PC’s is in working order and in use. The other six are broken and will be retired. The IBM NetVista A40 multimedia workstation was retired in 2006 and is slated to be used for spare parts. Only one of the three HP LaserJet printers are in working order and in use. The other two are planned for retirement. The HP LaserJet scanner is broken and no loner in use. None of the eight (8) UPS’ are in working order after their batteries have been exhausted.
The Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer (GCMS), backup power source, and video spectral comparator donated to the Forensic Institute in 2005 is in working order and critical to the Forensic Institute’s Operations. The second video spectral comparator hand unit was donated to the Institute in 2004. After being replaced by the comparator mentioned above, the unit was transferred to the Forensic Institute’s regional laboratory in Plovdiv. Although the unit is in good working order, the lack of a comparable PC equipment limits its functionality, i.e., the ability to photograph objects.
A second-hand Gas Chromatograph was donated to the Institute in 2005, but was not installed until 2006 due to a lack of hardware equipment and compatible software. Following the donation of the necessary hardware and software, the Gas chromatograph is in good working order and in use.
Electronic Balances Sartorius (8) were donated in 2006 and are in good working order. Four of the balances are in use at the Institute’s headquarters, two in its Drugs Analyses Division, one in the Physical/Chemical Analyses Division, and one in the Biology/Toxicology/Analyses Division. The other four balances were moved to the Institute’s regional branches in Sliven, Targovishte, Pernik, and Smolyanva. The Institute’s management assured post that they are in good working order and in use.
A second-hand microscope, donated to the Institute in 2007, needs an adaptor and extra lenses before it becomes operational.
The projector and 3M-tripod projection screen and multi-media projector donated to the NSBOB are in use. The polygraph machine at the MOI Psychology Institute is in use. Its portability allows it to be used in criminal investigations across the country. The gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer, video spectral comparator, electronic laboratory balances donated to the National Forensics Institute are in good working order and in use. The gas chromatograph donated by DEA is in need of a memory card and transformer for 220V current before it can be used. MOJ ICITAP representatives are aware of this issue and are attempting to acquire the needed parts.
The equipment donated to the National Forensic Institute is vital for its operations with respect to analyzing the evidence collected during investigations. On the basis of analyses, the NFI provides the prosecutions service with expert opinions used during trials. The Probation Service is able to maintain its increasing statistical database as well as to ensure connectivity with its regional branches. Although significantly outdated, the remaining equipment at the Ministry of Interior, particularly in its critical unit dealing with countering organized crime, helps officers execute their day-to-day tasks.
INL Tbilisi has implemented an automated tracking system using an Excel spreadsheet developed by the INL Senior Police Adviser. There are three full-time INL staff members and one intermittent Forensic Advisor. All have a part in the accounting process. The contract forensic adviser maintains a focus on the accountability and use of the donated laboratory equipment with the National Forensic Bureau (NFB). The full time Senior Police Adviser is primarily responsible for all donated items that are located within the Ministry of Interior Affairs (MOIA), the Patrol Police and the Police Academy. The resident Legal Adviser is assigned to DOJ OPDAT and has responsibility for donated items located in the Prosecutor’s General’s Offices as well as the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) and the probation office. The LES member of the office maintains the Excel spread sheet data base.
MOU’s and hand receipts are used for documentation of donated items. Prior to donation, all items are delivered to the embassy warehouse where they are accounted for and entered into the tracking system. INL Tbilisi uses both scheduled and unscheduled on-site inspections to establish the locations(s) and condition of donated items. Of the 2,563 items subject to inspection, about 70% were physically inspected.
INL Tbilisi uses both discussion and office visits with Georgian officials as a secondary means of monitoring donated resources. INL and the INL-funded Resident Legal Adviser (RLA) assigned equipment to numerous locations throughout the country. All equipment donated by RLA was purchased through DOJ/OPDAT contractor agency SAIC that assisted RLA from 1999 through 2005. Since equipment was assigned to distant locations throughout the country, an annual physical inspection of each item is practically impossible. Within the regions, post relies on periodic meetings and visits with respective agency host nation government officials who are decision-making level personnel to monitor use and to physically inspect the equipment present. All equipment that is located in Tbilisi has been physically inspected within the last twelve months.
During 2001-2005, INL donated 4 desktop computers, a laptop, and a server for MOIA’s internal use to expedite information processing. During the same period, RLA donated to the Prosecutor General’s Office, 47 desktop computers, 1 laptop, 27 printers, and a flat bed scanner. In the summer of 2005, INL provided the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) with 12 desktop computers and 12 printers all located in the National Forensic Bureau (NFB) laboratory. INL and RLA have physically accounted for all of these listed items. The RLA accounted for the equipment by either an actual visit or by telephonic contact with the local prosecutors.
In 2005, the Racha-Lechkumi/Kvemo Svanti prosecutor reported that their computer was stolen. A police investigation was undertaken with negative results. All other computers are operational.
In June 2006, INL Tbilisi completed phase 1 of a computerization program for the Patrol Police and its parent agency, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MOIA). This program established a database for all vehicle registrations in the country to allow the police to know if a vehicle was stolen. To complete phase 1, INL provided the following: 90 user licenses, 2 server licenses, 1 central server, 15 Encryption/VPN software licenses, 1 wireless service provider link, 16 computer terminal licenses, plus training and testing for 90 police officers. The equipment is located in MOIA’s main building in Tbilisi and in Patrol Police cards located in the capitol.
In 2007, INL procured and delivered a Multimedia and business computer as well as a LCD monitor, an Opti UPS and a camcorder and a DVD recorder to the MOIA media center in Tbilisi to support production of various Public Service Announcements (PSA). The police academy received a computer to support the making of training videos with two Corsair 2 GB memory, 1 wireless mouse, 1 Pinnacle Studio Movie Board (w/microphone), 2 hard drives, 1 video card, 1 power supply, 1 Eclipse key board, 1 Intel motherhood, and 1 Intel core processor.
In 2004, INL donated 12 hand-held two-way Motorola radios that are now located in the Criminal Investigations office used for crime scene control purposes reported. All of the above listed equipment is operational with no problems reported. In 2005, INL donated 1 facsimile machine, located within MOIA’s HQ. RLA donated to the Prosecution Service 18 fax machines; 6 are located in the various law libraries; 1 is in the National Money Laundering Bureau; and one is in the Civil Rights Unit.
Ten small four-wheel drive vehicles (Llada Nivas) were donated to the Department of Justice Bureau of Probation for the purpose of allowing caseworkers to check on probationers. The vehicles have been distributed throughout the country and all are accounted for. They are located in the following areas: Tbilisi; Kutaisi; Telavi; Ambrollauri; Gori; Rustavi; Zugdidi; Akhaltsikhe; Batumi. There have been no reported maintenance issues with any of the vehicles.
In 2005, the Forensic Bureau Laboratory was equipped with new office furnishings. These consisted of eight conference tables, 120 conference chairs, 210 office chairs, 131 office desks of various sizes, 30 laboratory chairs (stools), 70 filing cabinets and four executed style desk chairs. Furthermore, INL donated 90 laboratory dividers and 20 laboratory benches. In 2004, a $100,000 generator capable of powering the entire laboratory was installed.
In 2006, INL donated the following scientific equipment: HP (Hewlett Packard) Mass Spectrometer, HP Gas chromotograph, HP Gauge Controller, HP Chem Station, HP Monitor, HP Gas chromotograph Control, Agilent (Hewlett Packard) Mass Spectrometer W/3 controllers, auto sampler, Vacuum pump, gas chromatograph, (2) Agilent gas chromotograph W/additional related items, (3) agilent gaschrometer w/additional related items, HP HPLC W/Related Items, assorted ink analysis equipment (glassware) and chemicals, stereo microscopes (4 each), ultraviolet observation box (for examination of questionable documents) 1 each, Hydrogen Generator (2 each) and assorted small parts and tools, assorted safety and First Aid equipment, petrolab petroleum testing system model ADU-4 w/supporting ancillary equipment and parts, petroleum laboratory fume hoods (4 each) w/installation materials, toxi-lab narcotics testing system w/parts and accessories (1 each), Toxi-lab fume hood (1 each).
All of the listed equipment is located in the Forensic Bureau and has been physically inspected by the Senior Forensic Adviser. Due to the poor electrical system within the Bureau, few of the more robust equipment has actually been installed. As soon as the scheduled refurbishment is completed, all equipment will be installed.
In 2007, INL provided Georgia’s Forensic Bureau with 2 large Universal Power supplies (UPS) and a Projection Comac, 1 Ballistics microscope with all the required components, and a bullet recovery system and 2 stereo microscopes.
In 2007, post procured and donated to the Police School 50 gymnasium mats, 10 sets of training handcuffs, 20 sets of Smith & Wesson handcuffs, 15 handcuff keys, 20 blue Glock training pistols and 20 blue AK 47’s (non-lethal). All items have been accounted for during the past twelve months either by physical inspection or telephone verification.
In 2005, INL donated a variety of equipment to MOIA’s Public Affairs Media and Press Center. The equipment includes assorted cameras, recorders, lightning equipment and a mixer to better communicate with the local media and the Georgia’s citizens. In terms of direct police support equipment, the MOIA has 55 Level III ballistic vests, hand-held spotlights for patrol vehicles (100 ea), hand-held megaphones (20 each), car entry devices (Slim Jims) (40 sets), Police Barrier tape (2500 rolls), reflective road triangles (1,000 sets), plastic flex-cuffs (5000 packages), and night vision binoculars (2 each). Additionally, the Patrol Police has eleven (11) Hurst Tools for removing accident victims from wrecked vehicles.
In 2006, INL provided the Police Academy with a Fire Arms Training System (FATS) to better train officers in life threatening situations requiring a shoot/don’t shoot decision. INL has also donated to the MOIA police academy in Tbilisi 25 Red Man Training knives, four (4) body opponent bags, 12 Red Man Mats, 20 Red Man Strike Shields, and 40 Red Man Training Batons.
INL donated the following to the MOIA Police Academy in Tbilisi: 25 Red Man Training Knives, 4 body opponent bags, 12 Red Man student suits, 3 Red Man instructor suits, 4 Red Man Mats, 20 Red Man strike shields, and 40 Red Man training batons. With the exception of the PAO equipment, all other items have been distributed within Tbilisi and the regions. Through RLA, Procuracy’s Criminal Investigative Unit received two refurbished interview rooms complete with two-way mirrors.
To support the facilities, the following electrical sound and video items were provided: video cameras (2), video recorders (2), audio recorders (2), video monitor (1). Furthermore, this same unit has a Crime Scene Search responsibility. To support this mission, they were provided with a LCD projector (1), digital camera (1), video recorder (1), micro recorder (1), tape recorder (1), digital recorder (1), television (1), metal detector (1), and a video work station (1). In February 2007, Prosecution Services transferred the last two listed items (metal detector and a video work station) to MOIA’s Forensic Unit upon MOIA’s request.
During 2001-2002, the Prosecutor’s General’s Office received 16 copiers, 16 small generators, 32 sets of shelves, 16 sets of law books, 16 computer work stations w/chairs, 16 conference tables, and 128 conference chairs. All of these items were given in support of the sixteen Tbilisi and regional law libraries. Due to the Prosecution Service’s restructuring and significant renovations over the last two years in its 30 offices, some of the offices have been moved to new locations and some did not maintain a separate law library. However, they retained all USG donated equipment.
In 2005, the RLA provided the Civil Rights Unit of Prosecution Service’s Legal Affairs Department six computer work stations, w/chairs, six file cabinets, twelve sets of shelves, one conference table w/eight chairs, and six small office safes. All of this equipment remains with the Legal Affairs Department.
In 2003, the RLA donated one copier to the Supreme Court. In 2004, the Money Laundering Bureau was given one copy machine, 20 conference chairs, ten small desks, seven sets of bookshelves, two office tables, ten “L” shaped desks, four file cabinets, one conference table, one internal office telephone network, ten telephones, one sound recording system, five security cameras, and one security system w/monitor. All of the miscellaneous items have been accounted for during the past twelve months either by physical inspection or telephonic verification.
The National Forensics Bureau is undergoing a major renovation involving heating, sanitary, electrical, and air conditioning systems as well as the replacement of the elevators and roof. Additionally, laboratory work spaces and other functional areas are being re-configured to meet the needs of the Georgian forensics community. The renovation is 20% completed.
A combination classroom and billet structure is being constructed at the present police academy location. This new addition will enable the academy to house a total of 250 students for instruction and to bed down 125 individuals on the upper floors. Currently police cadets from the outlying regions are required to find their own accommodations in Tbilisi.
A language laboratory was just completed within the main police academy building. English for police officers will be taught. INL, with the participation of the PAO office of the US Embassy, has embarked on the creation of a curriculum for this language as well as commencing a search for suitable instructor personnel.
Three regional evidence collection and storage centers have been completed. These facilities are designed to hold, catalog and safeguard evidentiary items as they are being prepared for final movement to the National Forensics Bureau for Scientific Analyses.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs K-9 kennels have been refurbished so the police canine dogs may be adequately housed. In 2006, 60 of 120 dogs died due to weather exposure and inadequate housing. The newly refurbished kennels have cover to shelter all the dogs as well a radiant heat and fans for better air circulation. Additionally, the veterinarian facilities have been refurbished to assist in the care of the animals and to support a newly initiated breeding program.
In 2006, post purchased several items of equipment for the then newly organized Patrol Police. Initially, due to a lack of funding, the officers were equipped with only pistols and handcuffs. The offices did not have a less than lethal option if assaulted by a suspect. Post purchased 3,000 straight wood police batons and belt holders to correct the shortfall. Post also purchased 3000 high visibility traffic vests as a safety concern. These vests make an office more visible to the motoring public as they direct traffic flow when required. The vests and batons were distributed to the individual officers and as such can not be adequately monitored.
A computer donated to a regional prosecutor’s office was stolen.
Due to the assistance of INL Tbilisi, the law enforcement community in Georgia has greatly improved its level of service to the citizenry at large. The population now has a more favorable reaction to law enforcement efforts carried out on their behalf.
The National Forensic Bureau has made extensive use of the equipment that has been installed. These items have greatly assisted in supporting the law enforcement community in Georgia. MOIA has used the PAO equipment to establish closer and more amicable relationships with various media outlets. The addition of the ballistic vests and other police items will provide both the Criminal Police and the Patrol Police with vital tools to continue the improvement of both forces.
The Prosecutor General’s Office has also made extensive use of the law libraries which they lacked until the OPDAT/RLA commenced this effort. The Criminal Investigative Unit now has tools to better and more efficiently carry out the responsibilities assigned to it. The Civil Rights Office can now investigate civil rights violations and safeguard their findings.
Due to the development of the major law enforcement institutions INL supports, the Forensics Laboratory and the Police Academy, post does not foresee large purchases of basic equipment following completion of the construction project at the facilities. Post will be focusing on specialized equipment, larger information systems projects, and training in specific areas for law enforcement personnel, e.g. criminal database use, canine program for narcotics interdiction. The evolution of post’s assistance will simplify tracking and monitoring of fewer, more valuable items.
ICITAP contract advisors are assigned to advise and mentor Albanian officials at the Minister of Interior (MOI), the Albanian State Police (ASP), and the ASP Academy. In addition, one adviser is serving on an intermittent TDY basis to advise Albania’s Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Telecommunications (MOTT) recently established office of Maritime Security and Albania’s four designated seaports.
All ICITAP donated equipment are accompanied by donation letters that specify the quantity, item description, model, serial number, cost and intended purpose of materials being provided.
As ICITAP advisors maintain offices at ASP worksites, End Use Monitoring of donated items is conducted through daily on-site interactions. In addition, scheduled and unscheduled inspections and spot checks are conducted. MOI, ASP, and Port Authority officials cooperated in these efforts and given ICITAP’s current level of advisory presence in Albania, these procedures are generally effective.
During 2007, ICITAP supported the MOTT in establishment of the Office of Maritime Security, which provides central oversight for Albania’s Port Security Forces (PSF) and has now served as a centralized point of donation receipt and inventory control.
The Organized Crime Program has monitored the use of this equipment, ensuring that it is being used by the entities intended and for the purpose specified. Unscheduled spot checks of this equipment have been ongoing throughout 2007.
One human resource database software package and two used computers were donated to ICITAP’s Law Enforcement Development in 2007. Three laptops computers and 12 digital cameras were donated to the ASP Criminal Intelligence Analysis Sector in March 2006. The equipment is maintained at ASP headquarters. The computers have allowed personnel to visit the OC and Criminal police facilities throughout Albania and document intelligence and police information previously stored informally within commissariats and Directorates.
While implementation of Total Information Management (TIMS) assistance was ongoing throughout 2007, a significant amount of computer and related technical equipment purchased by ICITAP was in daily operational use of intended end-users at the MOI, police directorates, commissariats, and border crossing point facilities. Due to technical and access necessities related to project implementation, official donation of all TIMS-related equipment will be conducted once primary system handovers and donations are fully established and in place.
The establishment of TIMS at 15 of 17 Albanian border crossings points, and the intersection between TIMS-provided border control and criminal intelligence information systems, directly resulted in the apprehension of 183 persons in 2007.
The INL-funded and ICITAP-provided TIMS Voice-Over-Internet-Protocol (VOIP) digital phone system has enhanced ASP communications throughout the law enforcement community at no cost. VOIP has facilitated new management capabilities for ASP commanders and insured improved communications at all major police deployment sites.
In June 2005, physical and electronic surveillance equipment was donated to the ICITAP Albania Organized Crime Program. All of the equipment is well maintained and stored in the OC Directorate’s HQ when not being used in the field. The equipment has been used in most of the narcotics and trafficking investigations in the past two and a half years resulting in numerous arrests and the seizure of drugs and weapons. Investigative support equipment donated in 2004 was divided among five Organized Task Force Units. The equipment is in Tirana, Fier, Vlora, Durres and Shkoder and being stored within the Regional Prosecutor’s Office. As these forces have been dismantled, the equipment is currently not being used. Negotiations are continuing to have this equipment transferred to the Judicial Police in each of the districts. All is accounted for.
Four Automated Ship Identification Systems (AIS) were donated to four international ports’ authorities in 2006. Through discussions with the directors of international ports, post verified that all of the equipment was in place and functioning for its intended purpose.
The spy phone was used and repaired on numerous occasions and is now beyond repair. It will be removed from the CITAP inventory.
In 2007, ten hand-held radios were donated to the ICITAP Integrated Border Management Program for use in processing deported persons and cross border communications. They are used at the International Airport and land border crossings. All are serviceable and in use.
In 2005, voice recorders, memory sticks, digital cameras, camcorders, and batteries were donated to the Organized Crime Directorate of the Albanian State Police for the exclusive use of the Organized Crime offices in twelve police directorates of Albania.
In 2004, ICITAP donated three hand-held radios, ICOM model IC-F15 Transceiver VHF to the Port Security Force, Port of Durres Authority. Two of the radios are in good working condition and are used by the Port Security Force (PSF) in Durres. The other radio is in use by the Port Security Office in Viora Port.
One used Mitsubishi Pajero sport was donated to ICITAP in July 2007. The vehicle is in good working order and used for general transportation by the Office of International Cooperation. Five Mitsubishi Pinim vehicles were donated to ICITAP in July 2004. They are assigned to the Anti-Trafficking Sector of the OC Directorate. Four are in good working condition and assigned to regional field duty, one to the Anti-Trafficking headquarters, one to the Tirana Police, one to the Durres Police, and one to the Eier Police. The fifth vehicle was totally destroyed after being involved in a traffic accident in Elbasan. The vehicles have allowed the investigators to appear at the crime scene where a previous lack of vehicles had prevented this. Two Yamaha motorcycles were donated to ICITAP in January 2004 for undercover use by the Special Operations Sector. They are in good working order and well maintained.
The FBI donated five Mitsubishi Pajeros to the Anti-Trafficking Sector of the Organized Crime Vice Directorate in 2004. ICITAP donated two motorcycles to the Special Operation Sector of the Organized Crime Vice- Directorate in 2004. Three vehicles are in good working order and assigned to regional field duty. A fourth vehicle is at the ASP motorpool undergoing mechanical repair, while a fifth vehicle was totally destroyed in a traffic accident. The two motorcycles are used in undercover operations by the Special Operations Sector. They are in good working order and well-maintained.
Newly constructed kennels were donated for the use of the Police Commissioner’s Office in 2004. The kennel in Rinas airport is used by the Police Commissariat, but it has some problems with ventilation. The kennels in Durres and Durres ports are in use.
In May 2006, ultra violet fluorescent lanterns were donated to the Border and Migration Police personnel of the Albanian State Police for the inspection and verification of travel documents. ICITIP donated a Scantron data collection and assessment machine, software and testing templates to the Albanian Police Academy for the exclusive use of the ASP Recruitment Unit. ICITAP on-site advisers have verified proper use of these items, which enable standardized testing of applicants to the Police Academy basic course.
Four Automatic Identification Systems (AIS) ship tracking devices together with antennas, installations, and operation manuals translated into Albanian by ICITAP were donated to the MPTT in November 2006. The equipment is for the exclusive use of the Harbor Masters of the ports of Furres, Lora, Shengjin and Saranda. ICITAP has conformed that this equipment is being used for its intended law enforcement purpose.
On November 2006, one used copy machine was donated to the ASP Office of International Control (OIC) of the MOI for the exclusive use of OIC offices. The copying machine is located at the Sector of Information Analysis, OIC, and is in good condition.
The OIC provided a written status of previous ICITAP donations made in 2004 and 2005 and notes that all are in good technical condition with the exception of three “Olympia” fax machines, which are inoperable. The MOI has determined that repairing them would require a considerable investment and thus is not cost effective. They are currently located at the OIC warehouse at the MOI. In 2005, eavesdropping devices, digitized maps, spy phones, digital cameras, voice recorders, memory cards, hand radios, car radios were donated to the Special Operation Sector in the Organized Crime Directorate, Ministry of Interior. They are in good condition.
Night vision goggles, portable digital dictation machines, camera adapter kits, and memory stick were donated to the Internal Control Directorate (OIC) at MOPO in 2004. The are in good condition and in regular use during operations conducted by the OIC.
Fax machines, copiers, and printers were donated to the Port Security Force and Police Commissioner, Port of Durres Authority in 2004. They are all being used and in good condition.
In 2004, ICITAP donated a rummage kit to the Regional Police Directorate of Durres. This equipment is in good working condition and is located at the Port of Durres ferry terminal. ICITAP has recently discovered that the equipment has been under-utilized and will take steps to ensure more effective usage.
ICITAP donated a portable CO2 detector, AMC CD2 Model to the Police Commissariat of the Port of Durres. It was donated for the use of the anti- trafficking sector to detect people in concealed compartments in boats and vehicles. This equipment requires repair work.
One hundred forty one of 150 nylon duty belts were distributed to the first class of patrol generalists of the police academy in 2007. These items are being used by police officers who are assigned to the Tirana Regional Directorate.
In April, field identification jackets, flashlights, and handcuffs were donated to the Organized Crime Directorate in the Ministry of Interior for the use of the Special Operations Sector. ICITAP has confirmed that this equipment is being used for its intended law enforcement purpose. In addition, ballistic vests, trauma packs, and MKIII training spray were donated to the Durres Port Authority for use of the Durres Port Security Force.
A general concern exists regarding the capacity and out-year funds availability within the MOI to appropriately budget and implement upgrades and maintenance of donated equipment items. This could become a large problem as reoccurring maintenance and training costs associated with TIMS grow each year. The Albanian Government has thus far not responded to these concerns.
ICITAP advisors have encountered numerous problems with the installation and implementation of the TIMS project. This implementation continued throughout 2007 at additional sites, increasing the number of connected border crossing points. But there is concern regarding the limited resources devoted to the project by the MOI. Unreliable power supply has affected TIMS operations nationwide, resulting in the shutdown of a large number of sites on a regular basis to prevent damage to equipment and data.
Statistical wiring and data cable installation at border crossing points and other TIMS sites, necessary for the connection of the ICITAP-provided hardware, must be installed but the MOI has lagged far behind implementation schedules. Limited MOI budgeting for technology, as well as limited capacity in strategic planning has, in some cases, required ICITAP to cover these costs.
The MOI’s implementation of its own internal network security policies has also lagged behind TIMS donated hardware and other technology upgrades to the computer systems. ICITAP advisors have worked with the ministry to draft comprehensive network security policies that are in line with GOA and NATO guidelines, but these policies have not been enforced. The policy implementation in this area risks leaving aspects of the TIMS system vulnerable to technical and data security breaches. This issue is being addressed through ongoing advisory contacts with the MOI’s Information Technology Directorate & Processing & Protection Center.
Additionally, enhanced TIMS requirements including software upgrades and increased security measures have imposed costs that reach beyond initial projections. A lack of ICITAP funding adequate to ensure full completion date is a programmatic concern and will necessitate extending TIMS implementation into 2009.
Uninforced MOI Network Security Policies
The MOI’s implementation of its own internal network security policies has also lagged behind TIMS-donated hardware and other technology upgrades to its computer system. ICITAP advisors have worked with the Ministry to draft comprehensive network security policies in line with the Government of Albania and NATO guidelines, but these policies have not been enforced, and lack of policy implementation in this area risks leaving aspects of the TIMS system vulnerable to technical and data security breaches. This issue is being addressed through ongoing advisory contacts with the MOI’s Information Management and Technology Directorate.
Lack of Training
Due to duty rotations and unexpected transfers of law enforcement personnel, newly assigned police and other officials may lack training to fully use previously donated equipment. During 2006, ICITAP identified the need and coordinated additional training for the Special Operations Sector in the ASP’s Organized Crime Directorate. Training was provided by the equipment vendor specifically on usage and maintenance of monitoring and surveillance equipment donated by ICITAP in 2004. The problem stretches beyond this unit, however, and is seen in the Border Police and other state police as well.
INL program resources have continued to contribute to the increased capacity of the MOI, ASP, and MOTT to control Albania’s borders, conduct criminal investigations, and interdict narcotics and trafficking.
The establishment of TIMS operations at 10 of 19 Albanian border crossing points and intersects between TIMS-protected border control and criminal intelligence information systems directly resulted in the apprehension of 328 persons in 2007. This represents a significant advancement in TIMS coverage and performance with 203 persons apprehended in 2005 and 68 persons apprehended in 2004.
From 2004-2007, ICITAP advisers monitoring within the MOI indicates the successful use of donated equipment resulting in more proactive investigations and in drug seizures, which have increased each successive year.
Automated scanning, software, and testing materials donated to the Albanian Police Academy for use of the newly established ASP Recruitment Unit has resulted in effective implementation of new police recruitment and selection policies and the first fair and transparent recruitment process for ASP Academy selections.
Ongoing ICITAP material assistance and donations for the effective establishment of a Port Security Force within the Port of Durres has resulted in increased internal and perimeter security at the port. This greater level of security has contributed to increased amount of trade through the port facilities and corresponding revenues.
ICITAP-provided support and equipment to the Port Authorities at Albania’s international seaports has also brought Albania closer to its goal of meeting the international security standards set out in the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) Code.
Thanks to the U.S. trained dogs and their handlers, traffickers are finding it more difficult to smuggle narcotics into or out of Albania.
The donated computers have connected police with ICITAP’s TIMS. Overall, the ASP remains sorely under-equipped and in need of continued international assistance in the form of equipment donations.
The Ministry approved the creation of a fully restructured Information Technology Organization with the ASP in 2004. The Border Control and Criminal Records Information Systems have proven their efficiency by dramatically increasing the number of arrests at all TIMS enabled border crossings.
Post works closely with the Government of Malta (GOM) Police and the Armed Forces (AFM) to ensure proper cooperation and coordination on narcotics control issues. The RSO monitors the narcotics trafficking in the region and facilitates initiatives to expand law enforcement cooperation. Post is satisfied with GOM’s efforts to control illegal drug activity and share information with Embassy officials. The RSO works closely with the DEA Country Attache and the FBI Legal Attache based in Rome to foster cooperative efforts to strengthen law enforcement.
The eighty-seven foot “protector” class patrol boats provided to the Armed Forces of Malta through Foreign Military Sales in November of 2002 continue to be the backbone of the Maritime Squadron. To date, the boats have been kept in top condition by well-trained crews and an extensive supply of spare parts that came with the original FMS cases. The spare parts are running low. It will now be incumbent on the GOM to properly fund the maintenance of these boats. The GOM is exploring the processes by which it can fund the maintenance using national funds in a blanket FMS case.
During the summer months, the “protector” boats is used primarily for illegal migrant, search and rescue missions as well as for illegal migrant patrols in the waters between Malta and Libya. In the fall, winter, and spring, the boat is used primarily to combat illicit activities in Maltese territorial waters. In 2006, the boat was used in a counternarcotics operations. While no drugs were seized, the general consensus is that the operation forced the smugglers to abandon the contraband at sea before it could be delivered.
U.S. law enforcement and security agencies and their Maltese counterparts continue to cooperate closely on drug-related crime. The joint effort to provide training, support, and assistance to GOM law enforcement agencies has clearly improved the Maltese enforcement ability to profile individuals possibly involved with trafficking and /or in possession of dangerous drugs. Although the drug problem in Malta will probably not reach a level where a concentrated INL initiative is warranted, GOM can clearly benefit from close USG cooperation.
Signed official receipts are provided and filed for all equipment provided. On-site inspections are conducted when possible and are generally considered effective in the proper monitoring of the use and condition of the equipment.
Global Positioning Systems (GPS)
RSO provided Lithuanian Criminal Police with GPS equipment in September pursuant to Letter of Agreement (LOA) regarding the Anti-counterfeit project. The units have been installed in various vehicles.
The Special Investigative Service (STT) is using the following equipment in undercover operations in support of public corruption investigations throughout Lithuania: Mini PIX Kit with Clock Radio, Mini PIX Kit B, Video Vest, Briefcase Receiver/Recorder, body worn video transmitter, car audio transmitter, I Watt 10 Channel audio transmitter, synthesized audio intelligence system, surveillance device configurator software, 12.5 kHz programmable miniature voice transmitter, intelligence equipment, intelligence system, data voice framework unified user station, digital recorder. All equipment is in good condition and being used for their intended purpose. The RSO conducted spot checks on the equipment usage.
SST officials informed RSO that the equipment provided has been of vital use in fighting public corruption in Lithuania.
Eighteen investigators from five Lithuanian agencies attended the public corruption investigation course. Experts from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) provided instruction on case methodology.
Thirty-four officials for 12 Lithuanian agencies attended the Asset Forfeiture seminar. Experts from the U.S. Department of Justice and Federal Bureau of Investigation provided statutes, procedures and case studies. Familiarization with U.S. law, procedure and usage of this law enforcement tool will be useful in future Lithuanian legislative reform to combat corruption.
Donations were documented through letters and inventory spreadsheets. Donated resources were monitored via on-site inspections and periodic spot checks. Procedures were very effective and local government agencies were very cooperative in the monitoring effort.
The X-ray van is located at the Trans Service Customs Warehouse in Yerevan. Post’s EXBS Officer reports that the X-ray van is used to inspect freight cargo. The EXBS Officer regularly observes and receives usage reports on the van. It is inspected and serviced twice a year through the EXBS program.
The following equipment was donated to the National Police Academy: 25 color monitors, 20 computer desks with chairs, four additional desktop computers with monitors and UPS power back-ups, three LaserJet printers, two color printers, two network servers with monitors, two laptop computers, and one scanner. These items are situated in classrooms and offices at the Academy.
The following equipment was donated to the Prosecutors’ School (formerly the Procuracy Training Center) in Yerevan: 10 desktop computers, 10 color monitors, 10 backup UPS’, 2 network servers, 2 LaserJet printers, one 24 port switch, one modem, and one scanner. The School is a recent privatized division of the Prosecutor General’s Office. During the transition, the computers were turned off and not used for an extended period. The computers, UPS, a server and a scanner do not work. School officials claim that repairs will be undertaken upon receipt of the necessary funds. The equipment will be used again for training purposes.
The following equipment was donated to the National Bureau of Expertise (Forensics Lab) in Yerevan: one scanner, one LaserJet printer: 2 desk computers, two computer monitors, two UPS backups, one UPS, one computer processor Dell, one computer/printer stand-alone table. These items are situated in different departments of the laboratory. The equipment is in excellent condition and is being used to track evidence and other materials received by the lab for analysis.
The following equipment was donated to the Customs House in Vanadzor: 28 computer desk chairs, 24 UPS power back-ups, 25 color monitors, 24 desktop computers, one UPS for server, 14 computer desks, one scanner, and one network server. These items are situated in a large training classroom at the facility. The equipment is in excellent condition and is used for training and re-training of Customs Officers of the Gugark region of Armenia.
The following equipment was donated to the Border Guards Training Center: 12 desktop computers, 12 color monitors, 12 computer desks with chairs, 12 UPS power back-ups, three LaserJet printers and two scanners. All other equipment is accounted for and in excellent condition. The equipment is being used to train the Border Guard recruits in the Border Management Information System (BMIS), a computerized tracking system for travelers and cargo, currently operating at two Armenian border crossings. The hard drive of one of the computer work stations is off-site for repair. The system will be expanded to six other border checkpoints under the INL-funded project currently in progress.
The following equipment was donated to the Organized Crime Bureau (OCB) of the Republic of Armenia Police in Yerevan: one network switch, 5 desktop computers, 5 computer monitors, 5 back-up UPS, 2 laptop Dell computers, 2 scanners, and 2 color printers. All equipment donations were accounted for.
The following equipment was donated to the Kanaker NCO Training center in Yerevan: 15 desktop computers, 15 monitors, 2 network servers Dell power edge, 2 laser jet printers, 1 scanner, 1 laptop computer, 15 computer chairs, and 15 computer desks.
The Kanaker NCO Training Center received one LCD projector, one overhead projector, one set of simultaneous translation equipment, one television, one VCR, one TV/VCR stand, one projection screen and one flipchart.
The National Police Academy received five wireless microphones, four speakers, one set of simultaneous translation equipment, two erasable white boards, two VCR’s, one projection television, one flat screen television, one video camera recorder, one compact camera, one digital camera, one photocopier, one Stage Front Presentation System, one projector with stand, one overhead projector with stand, one LCD projector, one presentation audio/visual system w/stand stage front presentation, one podium, five wireless microphones, four wall-mounted heat/air units, one digital photo camera, one film projector, four dual function speaker liberty, one film projector, one video visualizer, two copiers and one white projector screen. These items are situated in classrooms and offices at the Academy.
The Prosecutors’ School received one television, one VCR, one LCD projector, one TV/VCR stand and one white projection screen. These items are situated in classrooms at the Center.
The National Bureau for Expertise (Forensics Lab) received one fax machine, one digital camera and 3 switches. These items are situated in officers at the Bureau. The equipment is accounted for and in excellent condition.
The Customs House in Vanadzor received 24 desktop calculators, one television, one DVD/VCR player, one LCD projector and one white erasable board. These items are situated in a large classroom at the facility.
The Border Guard Training Center received two televisions, two DVD players, one LCD projector, one digital video camera, one digital photo camera and one photocopier. These items are situated in classrooms and offices at the center. All of the equipment is accounted for and in excellent condition.
The Organized Crime Bureau (OCB) of the Republic of Armenia Police in Yerevan received one digital video camera, 1 digital photo camera, 1 copier, 1 fax machine, 4 radios, and 3 handy radios.
The Yerevan City Police Department received 6 digital photo cameras.
All equipment is used in classrooms and offices. All of the equipment is accounted for, in good working order, and used for the intended purpose, except for one item at the Prosecutors’ School. The VCR, while present on site, does not work.
The National Bureau of Expertises (Forensic Lab) in Yerevan received 15 stereo microscopes, 4 acid storage cabinets, 1 weight set, 1 water purification system, 1 comparison microscope, 1 bullet catcher, 20 lab chairs,12 mixers, 1 UV lamp, 2 balances, 6 clinical microscopes, 10 Nuova II Stirring hot plates, 1 water system DI Water processor with kit, 10 electronic scales, 2 hydrogen generators, two vacuum pumps, 2 VWR gravity ovens, 4 refrigerator/freezers, 3 UV viewing systems, 13 filing cabinets, 8 undercounter cabinets, 1 security safe, 13 vertical metal file cabinets. All equipment is accounted for and is in excellent condition. The equipment is being used for the intended purpose, i.e., laboratory analysis of forensic evidence.
The Kanaker NCO Training Center received 92 gym mats, 20 pairs of handcuffs, 10 Beretta 9mm compact red guns, 10 S&W J frame red guns, 20 red training guns, ten training knives, two Redman instructors’ suits, two body opponent bags, two heavy bags, one double-end bag, one leather speed bag and one heat/AC unit, and one laser shot shooting simulator consisting of 2 LCD projectors, 2 laptops, 2 multimedia amplified speakers, and 2 backup UPS. All of the equipment is accounted for and in excellent condition.
The National Police Academy received 108 gym mats, 23 red training guns, 15 pairs of handcuffs, ten training knives, eight body opponent bags, five heat/AC units, four Redman instructors’ suits, two speed bags with platforms, two heavy bags, two double-end bags, one vacuum cleaner and one podium. These items are situated in the offices and gymnasium of the academy.
The Procuracy Training Center received one heat/AC unit. The item is situated in the computer classroom at the Center.
The National Bureau of Expertise (Forensics Lab) received 15 air conditioning units, 15 surveillance cameras, four surveillance monitors and one surveillance system recorder. These items are situated in different areas of the building.
The Customs House in Vanadzor received four bookcases and three air conditioning units. These items are situated in a large classroom at the facility.
Equipment was installed in two classrooms in the National Police Academy. One classroom is in the Police NCO Training Center; two classrooms are at the Procuracy Training Center under the auspices of a Law Enforcement Academy Development Project. The equipment includes: TV’s, LCD projectors, LaserJet printers, desktop computers, simultaneous interpretation equipment, scanners, projection screen, etc. All of the equipment is in excellent working condition.
The Prosecutors’ School received one wall-mounted heat/air unit.
INL received veterinary surgical equipment, gratis, from the Chief of Veterinary Services at Incirlik Air Base in Turkey. These items, consisting of sutures, clamps and other minor surgical aids, were turned over to the veterinarian at the Police dog kennels. The Government of Armenia (GOAM) Military Working Dogs Unit consists of ninety dogs, trained in explosives and narcotics detection. They are deployed at the airport, border crossings and at certain infrastructure sites, e.g., power plants.
The classroom equipment at the Kanaker Police NGO Training Center, the Police Academy, the Vanadzor Customs House, and the Border Guards Training Center has enhanced the training programs at all these facilities. The Police Academy began conducting regular computer classes for police trainees and computer literacy classes for academy staff.
The computer and laboratory equipment donated to the National Bureau of Expertises (Forensic Lab) is a necessary step towards an internationally accredited forensics lab in Armenia. The equipment facilitates the analysis of evidence in such areas as ballistics, substance identification, computer forensics and document examination.
In 2007, post donated equipment to the Organized Crime Bureau of the Republic of Armenia Police, creating an in-house computer system for the first time as well as supplying radio equipment for the Bureau’s officers.
All equipment donations were bar-coded in 2007. An ICITAP employee conducted an annual physical inspection to ensure the condition and use of all equipment. For post’s War Crimes Project, post and each court president jointly signed grant agreement letters which included detailed equipment information and intended use. A post employee conducted either a physical inspection or a phone call to verify the condition and use of the equipment. ICITAP provided commodities are employed in police headquarters, police stations around the country, the Police Academy, and the State Prosecutor’s office.
Computer maintenance is adequate, although post noted that some computers, which were donated in 2002 are quite outdated. Nevertheless, they are able to satisfy the basic performance needs of police. Laptops and digital cameras are being used as intended. Equipment is being used in Osijek, Zagreb, Split, and Vukovar courts. The FRED computer Forensics System is being used.
Cell phones (“throw phones”) are being used as intended by police. Immediately following the donation in June, phones were used in a hostage/suicide situation in Petrinje. The individual was holding his wife hostage and abusing her; he accepted the throw phone after 20 hours of negotiations with the Special Police (similar to SWAT). Negotiations lasted another 20 hours with the use of the phone. after which individual surrendered.
In December, the phones were used again in Beli Manastir. A retired police officer had a grenade and threatened suicide. He accepted the phone and after 15 hours of negotiations with police he surrendered and accepted medical treatment.
Post-provided video link equipment provided to the Ministry of Justice and to four courts is being used as intended. To date, equipment is being or has been used in cases in Osijek, Zagreb, Split, and Vukovar courts. Rijeka has not yet employed the equipment for cases.
Video-conferencing equipment, consisting of a 19 inch LCD monitor, video-conferencing camera, DVD player, digital video mixer, microphone and accessories, and two channel multi-effect processor donated to the Judicial Academy at the Ministry of Justice was stolen in November while on loan during a narcotics-related case. Police are investigating the case.
In November, ICITAP donated a Volkswagen Passat to the Office for the Suppression of Organized Crime and Corruption in the State Prosecutor’s Office. The vehicle has 90,000 km and is in very good condition. It is being used for prosecutors to travel to regional offices to facilitate investigations.
Uniforms and Field Gear
Police is using goggles and night vision equipment as intended.
The police are using FATS equipment as intended. The Government of Croatia (GOC) has funded occasional repairs. Endoscopes and VSC4 passport document readers have been used properly. ICITAP reports that other office equipment provided to headquarters is being used.
Post has observed that the donations contributed to the overall efficiency and modernization of the Croatian police administration. Training and development at the Police Academy has visibly improved; training at the language lab remains limited but active; and internet resources are not available at the Academy. The ICITAP-provided document reader has resulted in the apprehension of at least one Interpol-wanted individual. Video-link equipment has been used in court cases to protect the identities of witnesses in war crimes cases.
As agreed between Croatia-based ICITAP staff and post, all future donations will be directly targeted to strengthen Croatia’s fight against organized crime and corruption. Equipment requests from the Ministry of Interior must demonstrate a direct impact on these programs and be vetted both by ICITAP and by post. As the ICITAP program and its donations wind down in Croatia, post believes that more targeted donations will focus on the program’s impact and will bring it to a successful conclusion in the next year or two.