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U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

2008 End-Use Monitoring Report: North and Central America


Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 1, 2009

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BELMOPAN

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Suzanne Kuester, TEL 501-822-4011 ext. 41113; kuestersg@state.gov

Inventory System

The Political and Economic Section Chief requests updates from the Belize Police Department for reporting purposes. Meetings and on-site inspections with the Belize National Coast Guard (BNCG), the Department of Immigration and Nationality (BINS), the Police Department (BPD), the National Drug Abuse Control Council (NDACC) and the National Forensic Science Services (BNFSS) were also conducted. There is no automated inventory system at post.

Staff Member Responsibilities

The only NAS employee in Belize was discontinued in FY-2007. The Pol/Econ Chief conducts meetings and on-site visits.

Other USG Agency Assistance

The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) Attache noted the importance of properly maintaining USG-donated equipment and vehicles. DEA also provided recommendations and procedures on the maintenance of vehicles. The Ministry Liaison Office (MLO) provided some support relating to Belize National Coast Guard equipment.

Counterpart Agencies

Belize National Coast Guard (BNCG)
Department of Immigration and Nationality (BINS)
Police Department (BPD)
Ministry of National Security
National Drug Abuse Control Council
National Forensic Science Services (BNFSS)

The host government cooperated fully and allowed the Political and Economic section Chief to effectively monitor donated resources.

Receipt

Large items are documented under a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). Smaller items are documented with signed receipts that clearly state the intended use of that item.

Monitoring Procedures

On-Site Inspections

There were 140 items subject to inspection. About 80% of those items were personally inspected. There were six (12) scheduled on-site and six (9) unscheduled on-site inspections at ten sites and three cities.

11/18/2008 - Forensics
12/29/2008 - Forensics
12/30/2008 - Forensics
01/08/2009 - Forensics
01/23/2009 - Forensics, Immigration
12/11/2008 - Immigration
11/13/2008 - Coast Guard
11/28/2008 - Coast Guard
07/30/2008 - Coast Guard
01/23/2008 - Coast Guard
06/12/2008 - Anti-drug Unit
01/23/2009 - Anti-drug Unit
06/12/2008 - Spanish Lookout Garage
06/12/2008 - Belmopan Ministry of Works
01/08/2009 - Magistrate Court
01/22/2009 - Magistrate Court
01/22/2009 - Supreme Court
01/23/2009 - Canine Unit
01/23/2009 - Police Department Special Crimes Unit
01/22/2009 - National Drug Abuse Council
01/08/2009 - Belmopan Police Department

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources

Post personally attended NDACC events and requested itemized receipts for equipment purchases. Meetings and phone calls with agencies were used to confirm use of INL-funded equipment. Ten (10) percent of the items were inspected by secondary measures.

Status-Commodities

Vessels

In 2006, the USG donated the third refurbished 39-foot Educadono “Go Fast” motorboat. Four new 250HP Yamaha motors were purchased along with the refurbishment of 35-foot and 40-foot go-fast vessels in 2004. These vessels were transferred to the newly formed BNCG. Motors and boats were found to be in place and in working condition. However, the BNCG suggests that the motors have an approximate three-year useful life. The vessels were fully engaged in counternarcotics and search-and-rescue operations. The MLO continues to provide technical assistance to the BNCG in Ladyville through the Foreign Military Financing Assistance Program to increase the effectiveness of the unit. At least twelve courses were offered to the BNCG through the MLO last year. Policies were established in previous years to ensure that the equipment was used and maintained properly. The USG continues to focus on Port Security and safety for the cruise ship passengers. The USG fully supports increasing the capabilities of the BNCG.

The NAS also provided tactical gear, which included Night Vision Goggles, marine binoculars, body armor vests, life jackets, equipment to outfit the vessels. Equipment resides with the BNCG and remains in a locked area. The Night Vision Goggles were not working and need replacement batteries that the BNCG is unable to obtain in Belize. One pair of binoculars is non-functioning due to water damage.

Belize National Coast Guard 
“Go Fast” vessels  3  


Vehicles

One Ford Cutaway van E-450 was donated to the Anti-Drug Unit in November 2002. The van was inoperable in April 2008 due to bearing damage from routine driving. It was repaired in 2008, worked for two months, and is now in the repair shop for bearing damage covered under the repair warranty.

One 2003 Ford truck F-250 donated to the ADU in 2003 was in need of routine repairs in mid-year 2008. The truck is non-operational and is being repaired. The truck was used for anti-narcotics operations.

The 2003 Prada Landcruiser was donated to the Canine Unit of the police department in Belmopan. The vehicle was totaled in a rollover accident in March 2006; is irreparable is to be removed from inventory.

In 2005, a 2004 F-350 truck was transferred from the Belize Defence Maritime Wing to the newly established BNCFG. The vehicle‘s engine failed and the truck has been inoperable throughout the year. Repairs to this vehicle are unlikely to be made as a replacement engine would be cost prohibitive.

Anti-Drug Unit 
Ford Cutaway Van E-450  
Ford Truck F-250   1  


Belize Defence Maritime Wing 
F-350 truck  1  


Canine Units

Of the seven canines, four reside in Belmopan and two reside with the ADU in Belize City. Four of the dogs were seen in Belmopan. One dog was retired and none of the dogs are being used at the airport. The explosive detection canine has been cross-trained to detect narcotics.

In May 2005, one handler attended a canine handler instructor certification course through CSI International in Miami and Panama. There are two certified K-9 instructors who are able to train narcotics and explosive canines. No further canine training took place this year.

The INL-funded kennels have been properly maintained. GOB continues to fund this unit and all dogs are properly cared for. Secure storage for sample narcotics at the Police Canine Unit was provided through donation of a safe and refrigerator. The safe was found in good condition.

Program Impact

Night Vision Goggles

The vessels have been used extensively for patrol by the BNCG and have had a high impact on deterring maritime drug-related crime.

Computer Equipment

The computer equipment has been extremely helpful to the judiciary and has had a significant impact on upgrading their information systems and maintaining their criminal records.

Canine Units

Canine units are well-maintained but not used as extensively as in the past.

Demand Reduction

Demand reduction programs had a direct impact on the children enrolled in the program but had a greater impact during ceremonies when the media covered the anti-drug message to hundreds of viewers.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Repair and maintenance

Most vehicles are in an unusable state due to maintenance and repair issues. Post has requested that the totaled trucks be written off. Post plans to incorporate service plans into agreements for any future vehicle donations.

GUATEMALA CITY

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Bruce Elliott, Tel: 502-2361-3737; elliottb@state.gov

Inventory System

Post developed an integrated procurement and inventory/EUM database designed to track physical inventory “cradle to grade.” The inventory clerk (administrative clerk/receptionist) records newly acquired items, linking them to the appropriate purchase request, and the receiving report. The inventory list reports are available by physical location to facilitate monitoring.

Staff Member Responsibilities

Project Advisers coordinate nation participation; the Logistics Coordinator coordinates NAS service staff participation and verification of data acquired; the Administrative Clerk participates in the physical inventory process and updates all dates in the inventory system; the Assistant Inventory Clerk participates in the physical inventory process and disposal of materials; the Canine School Maintenance Supervisor handles the periodic inventory of commodities and provisions for the Regional Ant-Narcotics Training facility and the SAIA and DIPA Canine Narcotics Detection units within the country; the Computer Systems Manager participates in the periodic inventory of AP equipment located throughout the country; the Computer Assistant participates in the periodic inventory of computer equipment throughout Guatemala; the Motor Pool Dispatcher participates in the physical inventory process; the Motor Pool Assistant participates in the physical inventory process; the Communications Technician participates in the detailed inventory of all communications equipment located around the country including the repeater sites; the Aviation Adviser assists with coordinating EUM of all aviation related equipment located within Guatemala.

All employees noted above helped to supervise and monitor distribution of property to host nation organizations and conduct inventories and property reconciliation.

Counterpart Agencies

Counter-Drug Police (DIPA and SAIA)
Criminal Investigative Police (CID)
Prosecutors Rule of Law (MP)
Demand Reduction (SECCATID)
Aviation Support Project (ASP)

Receipt

All equipment or items donated to the above host government agencies are recorded on a receiving document signed by the appropriate NAS and GOG personnel. The document will specify the equipment being donated and note the NAS inventory and/or the manufacturer’s serial number and its intended use.

On-site Inspections

Counter-Drug Police

01/24/2008 - DIPA and Puerto Santo Tomas
01/24/2008 - DIPA Puerto Barrios
01/31/2008 - DIPA Flores, Peten
03/19/2008 - DIPA Pedro de Alvarado
04/14/2008 - DIPA Puerto Quetzel
04/15/2008 - DIPA Puerto Barrios
04/15/2008 - DIPA and SAIA Puerto Santo Tomas
06/02/2008 - SAIA Quetzaltenango
06/12/2008 - SAIA Chiquimula
06/20/2008 - SAIA Quetzaltenango
06/24/2008 - DIPA Puerto Barrios
06/25/2008 - DIPA and SAIA Santo Tomas
06/25/2008 - DIPA Puerto Quetzal
08/18/2008 - SAIA Chiquimula
08/21/2008 - DIPA Pedro de Alvarado
08/27/2008 - DIPA Tecun Uman
09/10/2008 - DIPA and SAIA Flores, Peten
09/26/2008 - SAIA Chiquimula
09/29/2008 - DIPA Pedro de Alvarado
10/03/2008 - DIPA and SAIA HQ Guatemala City
10/03/2008 - SAIA Canine School
11/03/2008 - DIPA Auroro Airport
11/06/2008 - DIPA Tecun Uman
11/20/2008 - DIPA Puerto Barrios
11/21/2008 - DIPA and SAIA Santo Tomas
12/10/2008 - DIPA and SAIA Flores, Peten
12/11/2008 - MP Flores, Peten

Criminal Investigative Police (cid)

01/16/2008 - CRADIC Guatemala city
01/23/2008 - National Civil Police (PNC) Waldemar Flores. Peten
12/18/2008 - CRADIC Guatemala City

Prosecutors Rule of Law (MP)

12/12/2008 - MP Antinarcotics Santa Elena, Peten
12/13/2008 - MP Antinarcotics Subin, Peten
12/13/2008 - MP Investigative Support Unit Santa Elena, Peten
12/15/2008 - MP Antinarcotics Chiquimula
12/22/2008 - MP Financial Analysis unit Guatemala City
01/09/2009 - MP Antinarcotics Zone 1, Guatemala City
01/06/2009 - MP Antinarcotics Investigative Support Group GAPI
01/06/2009 - MP Car Theft Unit
01/06/2009 - MP Anti-Bank Robbery unit
01/06/2009 - MP Anti-Kidnapping Unit
01/06/2008 - MP Money Laundering Unit
01/07/2009 - MP Organized Unit
01/07/2009 - MP Anti-Corruption Unit
01/15/2009 - MP UNILAT
01/16/2009 - MP ADP Office zone 1 and Warehouse (informatica)

Demand Reducion

01/08/2008 Guatemala City

Aviation Support Project (ASP)

06/16/2008 - ASP Hanger Guatemala
12/10/2008 - ASP Hanger Flores Peten

Status-Commodities

Communications Equipment

The NAS purchased the majority of its program radio communications for the Counter Drug Police (DIPA and SAIA) prior to CY-98. The GOG contacted a communications company to provide radio communications and maintenance support for the Civil National Police (PNC) through a plan called “Plan Lazzro.” By the middle of 2008, the SAIA and DIPA were incorporated into the PNC communications network. The NAS Communications Technician, with the assistance of SAIA and/or DIPA personnel, continue to conduct regular maintenance and perform End Use Monitoring inspections of all radio communications equipment throughout the host nation. NAS personnel verify the proper use of the equipment during these visits.

Two UHF antennas were purchased in CY-2008 for 2 SAIA off-site located in Excuintla. Four romni-directional antennas were purchased in CY-2007 and are located in NAS warehouse. One HF long wire antenna purchased in CY-2007 has enabled a SAIA operated mobile listening unit. A semi-mobile directional 80-foot tower used to support a mobile listening unit was purchased and constructed in 2008 and is located in Excuintla Naval Base. The NAS also purchased 11 GPS units with CY-02 and CY-04 funds to assist DIPA and SAIA with eradication operations. These units are stored in their respective HQ Guatemala City offices.

The NAS purchased two handheld Motorola VHF radios in 2008 for the Aviation Support Project. These and one RT100 HB base station is located in the ASP Hanger Guatemala City. One King VHF base radio station and one VHF antenna are located at Airport Petén.

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment is located at DIPA HQ Guatemala City; DIPA Airport, DIPA Puerto Quetzal, DIPA Pedro de Alvarado, DIPA Talcum Unman, Dip Puerto Barrios, DIPA and SAIA Puerto Santo Tomas, SAIA Guatemala City
SAIA Regional CD Training Facility and SAIA Quetzaltenang.

Criminal Investigative Police (CID) donated equipment is located at the CRADIC PNC Criminal Lab Zone 6, PNC Investigation Section, PNC DINC Academy, PNC Villa Canales, PNC computer Facility Annex 6, PNC Villa Hermosa and PNC Villa Nueva.

Prosecutors Rule of Law (MP) donated equipment is located at MP Gerona office, MP Narcotic Prosecution zone 6, MP Technical Scientific Department, MP Agency for Women and Children, MP Anti-bank Robbery Unit, MP Anti-Kidnapping Unit, MP Anti-Narcotics Unit, MP Car Theft Unit, MP Antinarcotics Chiquimula, MP computer facility zone 1, MP anticorruption zone 1, MP Anti-Narcotics Investigative Support Group (GAPI), MP FDN Chiquimula, MP FDN Quetzaltenango, MP Financial Analysis Zone Unit, MP Human Rights Unit, MP Incinerations Lab, MP Money Laundering and Financial Crime Unit, MP Special Task Force, MP Organized Crime Unit, MP Special Task Force, MP Support Group Pet, MP Agency 9 Zone 1, MP FCN Sabin, Pent, MP INACIF central, MP Prosecutor Organized Crime Warehouse, MP ADP Warehouse, MP and Office Zone, MP FDN Isabel.

Demand Reduction (SECCATID) donated equipment is at the Ambulatory Treatment Center, SECCATID HQ zone 10.

Aviation Support Project (ASP) donated equipment is located at ASP Hanger Guatemala City, and ASP Hanger Flores, Petén.

Vehicles

The NAS purchased 2 new vehicles and 31 motorcycles during 2007. The majority of the vehicles are dedicated to the SAIA program. The SAIA, DIPA, PNC, PM, and SECCATID vehicles are being used nationwide by the respective agencies in support of counternarcotics operations. All SAIA vehicles provided by the NAS and the GOG receive routine preventive and corrective maintenance by the NAS/SAIA Automotive Shop. When the shop is not capable of performing the maintenance, the work is evaluated by NAS maintenance personnel, reviewed by the Logistics Coordinator, approved by the Program Manager and contracted out. The PM vehicles are evaluated by the NAS Mechanic, reviewed by the Logistics Coordinator, approved by the Program Manager and receive routine preventive and corrective maintenance from a local contractor. Proper use of the vehicle is verified during the continuous maintenance performed by the NAS maintenance personnel. Any incidence of improper use are reported to the respective program manger and dealt with on a case-by-case basis.

SAIA occasionally acquires seized vehicles for counternarcotics operations. The NAS continues to work with the GOG to incorporate seized vehicles into the SAIA vehicle fleet to maximize the use of limited resources. The NAS also provides limited preventative and corrective maintenance for these vehicles. Presently, there are two such vehicles used for SAIA throughout Guatemala.

The NAS is formally transferring title of all program vehicles over to the GOG agencies. They are distributed as follows: Narcotics Program-22 SUV’s, 1 van, 49 pickup trucks, 5 trucks (10 ton), 24 motorcycles; Police Program-3 SUV’s, 2 vans, one pickup truck, 21 motorcycles; Public Ministry Program-21 SUV’s, 3 pickup trucks, 4 motorcycles; Demand Reduction Progam-1 SUV, 1 van; PD&S- 2 SUV’s.

Narcotics Program 
SUV  22  
Van  
Pickup truck  49 
Truck (5 ton)  
Motorcycles   24  


Public Ministry Program 
SUV  21 
Pickup truck  
Motorcycle  4  


Demand Reduction Program 
SUV  
Van  1  


Police Program 
SUV  
Van  
Pickup  1  


Vessels

The two 25’ Boston Whaler fiberglass boats that were previously purchased by the NAS prior to 1999 remain in the SAIA fleet located on the coast. One is located on the Caribbean Coast at Puerto Santo Tomas and the other is located at Puerto Quetzal, on the Pacific Coast. Both were used for limited brown-water counternarcotics operations.

SAIA 
25 ‘ Boston Whaler  2  


JICC

The Guatemalan Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC) is located in SAIA central headquarters. It stores and collates information to help develop intelligence for support to SAIA investigations and operations. The 24-hour hot line was discontinued. Now a 110 hotline is manned and operated by the PNC, which permits callers to anonymously provide information on suspected illicit activity.

The JICC consists of 1 server, 12 desktop computers, 3 printers, 1 phone line, 1 TV and 1 scanner. The computers are linked to a server through a local network cable connection, which is also linked to the national police information management system via a fiber optic switch. The NAS maintains and upgrades the computers, servers, and associated equipment. The development of an adequate database is ongoing.

Construction

PNC Criminal Intelligence Unit-CRADIC-The Police Program fully equipped and provided security upgrades for this criminal analysis office located in Zone 1 of Guatemala City. The project was begun in November 2007 and completed in December.

Waldemar Project-This project consists of office furniture and equipment provided by the Police Program. The PNC investigative office is located in San Benito, Peten. The project was begun in January and completed in April of 2007.

Canine Training Facility

During 2007, the NAS retired six drug and explosive detention canines. The dogs primarily went to their respective handlers’ home for permanent care. The NAS procured 11 new drug and explosive canines. The 43 drug detection and six explosive detection canines provide SAIA and DIPA program support in counternarcotics operations, the airport, highway, sea and land border ports of entry and passage.

Laboratory Equipment

The USG provides laboratory equipment to the MP for drug verification and identification. The equipment is installed in a MP laboratory in the capital. The NAS provides maintenance support. EUM inspections confirm that these items are being used for the purpose intended.

Aircraft Fuel

The NAS provided fuel support for the Guatemalan Air Force assets that were used in four poppy eradication operations which were conducted in 2007.

Miscellaneous Items

The NAS purchased a wide variety of consumables/expendables in CY-2007, including tools for container inspections, office supplies, uniform items, Meals Ready to Eat (MRE’s), and canine supplies. All items were entered into the NAS Inventory Management System, and consumption rates were monitored by the Data Technician and Logistics Coordinator.

The incinerator is located at the new SAIA headquarters and is used for destruction of drugs. The drug warehouse and laboratory facility is undergoing remodeling and has thus rendered the incinerator unserviceable until the construction is completed.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Vehicle Maintenance Costs

Poor road conditions, mountainous terrain and poorly trained drivers contribute to the high wear and tear of vehicles. Maintenance and replacement parts for vehicles are expensive. Post, with INL approval, began buying US-assembled cars locally to take advantage of the vendor’s warranty service, comparable prices and faster delivery.

Fluctuations in Electrical Current

The quality and consistency of the electricity in Guatemala is sub-standard compared to that in the United States. Post regularly replaced or repaired computer and radio communications equipment that is damaged by fluctuations or spikes in the electricity even after being protected by UPS equipment. The purchase of UPS’ and electrical regulators helps protect the equipment.

Program Impact

Guatemala is a major transshipment point for South American cocaine and heroin destined for the United States via Mexico. While not a major producing country, poppy cultivation has been on the increase in recent years, and poor quality cannabis is grown for the local market.

The ability of GOG agencies, military, and police to control the narcotics program is limited. Lack of adequate financing, the involvement in the drug trade of many levels of corrupt officials, distrust of the government particularly in rural areas, and the weak institutions have led to an environment that nacotrafficking cartels have found to their advantage. However, there has been promising cooperation on the part of the Oscar Berger administration with UGS-sponsored counternarcotics initiatives.

MANAGUA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Byron Rsao, Tel. 505-252-7711; TsaoBF@state.gov

Inventory System

Embassy Managua’s inventory system consists of a spreadsheet of all commodities donated to the Nicaraguan National Police (NNP) and the Nicaraguan Navy. A sticker with an INL inventory number is placed on each commodity for ease of tracking. Through regular program monitoring, site visits are performed to assure that commodities were properly labeled.

The NNP and the Navy document the distribution or redistribution of commodities to other cities of the country or to other units through written correspondence. In the case of services, post maintains attendance lists and logistics information of any training provided to monitor these services.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

In September 2008, a new INL Program Assistant was hired to manage financial and other logistical issues. The responsibilities of the position include the monitoring INL-donated equipment and the drafting the End Use Monitoring Report. The new INL Program Assistant performed site visits to track and inspect INL-donated equipment, update INL inventory lists, and obtain reports from the NNP on the status of commodities donated that could not be inspected.

Other USG Agency Assistance

The DEA provided support by conducting visits to verify the use and condition of equipment donated by INL to the NNP. A Maritime Engineer jointly funded by INL Managua and NAS Panama provides support to monitor and supervise the refurbishment of three naval boats in the Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua.

Counterpart Agencies

Nicaraguan National Police
Nicaraguan Navy

Both counterparts cooperated extensively in the End Use Monitoring process by providing access to their facilities so Embassy officers could view their own inventory information to help compare with INL’s inventory list. The NNP was very helpful in making the on-site inspections a quick and easy process by having all donated assets accounted for and on-site during the scheduled visits.

Receipt

The procedure used to document the provision of the items provided to the NNP and the Navy are word documents with a specific listing of the items donated with serial numbers and/or vehicle motor numbers, signed by INL and by the recipient’s representative.

Monitoring Procedures

On-Site Inspections

Scheduled and unscheduled on-site inspections were performed at nine (9) sites and cities visited. The inspections are as follows:

12/03/2008 - The Drug Unit Police Station at Managua
12/18/2008 - The Drug Unit Police Station at Managua
01/06/2009 - The Drug Unit Police Station at Managua
12/15/2008 - The Juvenile Affairs Police Station at Managua 12/30/2008 The Drug Unit Police Station at Jinotega
01/08/2009 - The Drug Unit at Airport in Managua
01/13/2009 - The Drug Unit Police Station at Peas Blancas
01/13/2009 - The Drug Unit Police Station at Rivas
01/14/2009 - The Drug Unit Police Station at Lesn
01/20/2009 - The Navy at Bluefields

One thousand three (1,003) items were subject to inspection. Fifty-two (52) % of the donated items were monitored.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Through comparison of records and discussions with police officials another 20% of donated item were monitored in 2008.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

Two hundred ninety-six (296) equipment packages, including CPU, UPS backup batteries, monitors, scanners and stabilizers, were donated to the NNP Drug Interdiction. One hundred fifty-three (153) computer packages are in the Managua Police headquarters. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. One hundred thirty-four (134) computer equipment packages are in good condition and being used. Eight computer equipment packages are in poor condition.

One hundred fifty-three (153) computer equipment packages are in Managua Police headquarters. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. One hundred thirty-four (134) computer packages are in good condition and being used. Eight computer equipment packages are in poor condition.

Twelve (12) computer equipment packages are in the NNP Managua Police station warehouse and in poor condition.

Seventeen (17) computer equipment packages are in the Managua International Airport. This equipment is used by the NNP Airport Unit to write, print, file, sharer and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. Fourteen (14) computer equipment packages are in good condition. Three are in poor condition.

Twenty-five (25) computer equipment packages are in the Vetted Unit headquarters. These computers are used by the Vetted Unit to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information related to international drug trafficking, corruption and money laundering. All of the equipment is in good condition.

Twenty-one (21) computer equipment packages are in the Peas Blancas Drug Unit. These computers are used by the Peas Blancas Border Inspection Station NNP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. Eight computer equipment packages are in good condition; thirteen are in poor condition.

Five (5) computer equipment packages are in the Carazo police station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print file, share and exchange data information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Eight (8) computer equipment packages are in the Juvenile Affairs headquarters. These computers are used by the NNP Juvenile Affairs officials to support them during DARE or Second Step demand reduction program training sessions and conferences. The computers are also used to write, print, file, share, and exchange data information relevant to their demand reduction activities. Four computer equipment packages are in good condition; four are in poor condition.

Eight (8) computer equipment packages are in the Chinandega Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Five (5) computer equipment packages are in Chontales Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Six (6) computer equipment packages are at the Estel Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Five (5) computer equipment packages are in Granada Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Six (6) computer equipment packages are in Leon Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Five (5) computer equipment packages in Madriz Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Five (5) computer equipment packages are in Masaya Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Six (6) computer equipment packages are in Mastagalpa Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Six (6) computer equipment packages are in Segovia Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Six (6) computer equipment packages are in RAAN Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Five (5) computer equipment packages are in Rio San Juan Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Five (5) computer equipment packages are in Rivas Police Station. This equipment is used by the NNP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All are in good condition.

Communications Equipment

One hundred twenty-nine (129) portable base radios were donated to the Drug Interdiction Unit. Twelve (12) radios are in Peas Blancas. Only two radio bases are in good condition and being used. The other 10 handheld radios are in poor condition.

Seventy-six (76) radios are in the warehouse at Managua Police headquarters. Seventy (70) of those radios are in poor condition. One radio base is in good condition and 5 power source radio bases are in good condition.

Thirty-one (31) radios are in Managua Police headquarters. Twenty-one (21) are in poor condition and 10 are in good condition. Twenty-six (26) radios are located at Managua International Airport. Only 12 radios and 2 radio bases are in fair condition and being used for communication between officers. The other 12 are in poor condition. Seven (7) radios are in Chinandega police station. All seven are in poor condition.

Four (4) radios are in Jinotega Police Station. These radios are in fair condition. They are used by officials to communicate with each other. One radio is in poor condition. Seven (7) radios are in the Leon police station. All 7 are in poor condition.

Four (4) radios are in Matagalpa Police Station. Two radios are in fair condition and are used by officers to communicate with each other. Two radios are in poor condition. Four (4) radios are in Rivas. All four radios are in poor condition.

Cameras

Thirty-six cameras were donated for drug interdiction, two for demand reduction, and nine (9) for the vetted unit.

Four (4) cameras are located in the Managua Police Headquarters. They are used by the NNP to take pictures of suspicious vehicles, people, houses, or buildings and drug seizures for police records. One is in fair condition and the other three are in poor condition.

Eleven (11) cameras are in the Managua International Airport. These cameras and equipment are used by the Airport National Police to guard different strategic points within the Airport to prevent drug smuggling or handling. Nine (9) cameras are in good condition. One camera is in fair condition.

Nine cameras are in the Vetted Unit headquarters. They are used by the Vetted Unit to carry out its day-to-day functions related to international drug trafficking, corruption, and money laundering. All cameras are in good condition.

Two (2) cameras are in the Juvenile Affairs headquarters. They are used to take pictures of their activities carried out under demand reduction. Both cameras are in poor condition. Two (2) cameras were donated to the Mobile Inspection Unit. They are used by the MIU to take pictures during their undercover inspection. Both cameras are in good condition.

One camera is in the Corn Island police station. The cameras are used by the NNP to take pictures of suspicious vehicles, people, houses, buildings, and of any drug seizures for their records. The camera is in poor condition.

One camera is in the Granda Police Station. It is used by the NNP to take pictures of suspicious vehicles, people, houses or buildings, and also to take pictures of any drug seizures for their records. The camera is in poor condition.

Four (4) cameras are in the Peas Blancas Drug Unit. The cameras are used by the Peas Blancas official to take pictures of suspicious vehicles, cargos, or people that cross the border and are also used to take pictures during drug seizures. Two cameras are in good condition; one is in fair condition, and one is in poor condition.

One camera is in the Jinotega Police Station. It is used by the NNP to take pictures of suspicious vehicles, people, houses or buildings, and also any drug seizures. The camera is in good condition

One camera is in the Leon Police Station. It is used by the NNP to take pictures of suspicious vehicles, people, houses or buildings, and any drug. The camera is in poor condition.

One camera is in the Madriz Police Station. It is used by the NNP to take pictures of suspicious vehicles, people, houses or building, and any drug seizures. The camera is in poor condition.

One camera is in the Masaya Police Station. It is used by the NNP to take pictures of suspicious vehicles, people, houses or building, and any drug seizures. The camera is in poor condition.

One camera is in the Rivas Police Station. It is used by the NNP to take pictures of suspicious vehicles, people, houses or building, and any drug seizures. The camera is in poor condition.

One camera is in the Zelaya Central Police Station. It is used by the NNP to take pictures of suspicious vehicles, people, houses or building, and any drug seizures. The camera is in poor condition.

Canines

Two canines located at Peas Blancas are used to detect drugs in luggage, freight and people. One was sent to Managua for retirement and one is ill and is currently located at a local veterinary.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The Ion scanner is in Managua International Airport. It is used to detect drug traces in luggage and is in good condition. One Mobile Vapor Tracer was donated to the Mobile Inspection Unit. It is used by the MIU to detect drug residues in vehicles during inspections. The vapor tracer is in good condition. A power generator is in Peas Blancas Drug Unit. Given the unstable nature of the Nicaraguan power grid, it is crucial for the Peas Blancas Border Inspection Station to maintain an independent power source in the form of a generator to ensure an uninterrupted inspection effort even during the frequent blackouts in the country. The generator is in good condition. One Buster Contraband Detector and 4 accessories in Peas Blancas Drug unit are located at the border between Costa Rica and Nicaragua. A high volume of cargo traffic passes through this border crossing, making it a peculiarly important area to conduct narcotics interdictions operations. In such operations, the buster is used to detect trace amounts of drugs as well as find false compartments in trucks attempting to pass drugs through the border. The buster is in bad condition and was recently sent to the United States for repairs, along with one piece of peripheral equipment that is in poor condition. Three pieces of equipment are in good condition.

Vehicles

Nicaraguan National Police 
Sedans  109 
Van  
Ambulance  
Truck  
Double Cabin  19 
Motorcycles  111  


Demand Reduction-Juvenile Affairs 
Sedans  
Pickup  
Motorcycle  8  


Vetted Unit 
Motorcycles  5  


Vessels


Vetted Unit 
Boston Whaler  1  


Status-Services

Demand Reduction Services

Demand reduction services include combat TIP Training of police to learn how to handle TIP cases and how to operate the help telephone lines to assist TIP victims.

Drug Awareness Programs

The programs include the training of police officers and teachers, the education of preschool level students; and awareness campaigns for students in primary and secondary school.

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

The communications equipment helped improve communications and the sharing of information between the different units and police stations, and to help in the investigation of national and international drug trafficking.

Vehicles

The vehicles and motorcycles provided to the NNP were a key factor in the NNP’s record narcotics seizures in FY-2008 of about 19.5 MT of cocaine, 53.84 kilograms of heroin, and the arrest of 136 drug traffickers. The NNP also seized $4,742,147 in U.S. currency and denied 109 traffickers assets worth a total of $9,147,397. Of significance, Nicaraguan authorities also seized 18,000 dosage units of pseudoephedrine as it was being smuggled out of the country.

Maritime Support

With substantial support from INL Managua, the Nicaraguan Navy was able to proactively patrol Nicaraguan territorial waters and aggressively deploy their limited assets to respond to tactical information provided by US law enforcement agencies (USILEA). This assertive maritime posture and coordination with US ILEA resulted in the seizure of over 9,000 kilograms of cocaine; about 50% of FY-08 cocaine seizures. Of the nine documented maritime events, eight occurred on the Atlantic Ocean.

Services

Through the Demand Reduction project, material for the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) program, established in Nicaragua in 2001, has now been translated into the Miskito language and widely used on the Atlantic Coast. In 2008, the United States worked with the NNP’s Department of Juvenile Affairs to evaluate and expand a pilot effort for the Second Step (Segundo Paso) demand reduction at-risk youth program designed for younger children. The program thus far has proven to be a success amongst the students, teachers and parents.

Problems and Corrective Action Plans (CAP's)

Unmonitored Resources

About 28% of inventory, including computer equipment, vehicles and radios were not monitored due to staff shortages. For two years, there was only one dedicated INL Locally Employed Staff (LES) member, a Program Analyst. This individual was responsible for carrying out an extremely wide array of duties, including budgeting, reporting, and inventory , making it very difficult for the individual to conduct regular inventory monitoring visits. In September 2008, a new INL Program Assistant was hired to manage the program budget and overhaul the INL Managua End Use Monitoring system. In 2009, another INL Program Assistant will be hired as a Logistics Specialist who will be responsible for maintaining and monitoring inventory.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

Maintenance of computer equipment and cameras in particular are a problem because the parts for repair can be extremely difficult to find or cost more than buying brand new equipment. INL will consult with the NNP on a case-by-case basis about the viability of buying necessary parts overseas or completely replacing the units when necessary.

Lack of Use or Misuse of Commodities

Three NNP project vehicles were found to be misused. They were erroneously transferred with NNP officers who departed from the anti-narcotic units to which they were originally assigned. INL has addressed this issue with the NNP and is in the process of getting the vehicles returned to the Drug Unit.

Disposal of Commodities

Much of the equipment donated prior to 2002 has been disposed of by the NNP in what they call their graveyard or have had their parts used to fix newer equipment.

The Suzuki motorcycles, 41 Yamaha motorcycles and the 3 Toyota Tercels will not be included in the 2009 End Use Monitoring Process because they have reached the end of their useful life. A GMC pick-up, Dodge Caravan, and Nissan Quest will also be removed from inventory. All of these vehicles are in poor condition and beyond repair.

INL will write a letter to the NNP to offer assistance in disposing of the computer equipment and vehicles as needed.

Other Problems

There are some gaps in the INL Managua inventory records due to a historical lack of funding for staff to conduct regular End Use Monitoring visits. INL Managua is in the process of hiring a new Program Assistant whose primary responsibilities will be to maintain up-to-date inventory information and carry out quarterly monitoring site visits to maintain accurate records.

MEXICO CITY

Background
EUM Program Coordinator

Fred Schellenberg, IT Infrastructure Adviser, Tel: 52-55-5080, ext. 4102, SchellenbergergFA@state.gov

Paul Mahlstedt, Law Enforcement Adviser, Tel: 52-55-5080-2000, ext. 4534, MahlstedtPW@state.gov

William Carroll, Border/POE Security Coordinator, Tel: 52-55-5080-2000, ext 4185, Carrollwj@state.gov

Andrew Zgolinski, Aviation Adviser, tel: 52-55-5080-2000, ext, 4192, ZgolinskiAB@state.gov

Gabriel, Lara, FSN Storekeeper, Tel: 52-55-5080-2000, ext. 4416, LaraG@state.gov

Inventory System

Post does not have an automated inventory system to record and track the distribution of resources provided to Mexican government agencies and to maintain and retrieve End Use Monitoring Information. The information is kept in a spreadsheet and regularly updated. Parallel records are kept by the individual project coordinator and NAS accountant. They are updated periodically through field vests, the comparison of USG written records with GOM written records, and through discussions held with GOM contacts.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

William Carroll-Border Security Projects (BS) Adviser. Mrs. Carroll serves as the project advisor for all projects falling under the Border Security Program area. The BSP coordinator regularly performs on-site visits throughout Mexico’s POE’s and gathers End Use Monitoring information through verbal communications with GOM contacts.

Fred Schellenberg- IT projects and Infrastructure Adviser. Mr. Schellenberg advises GOM agencies on matters related to IT; maintains ongoing communications with GOM contacts; and assesses the use of donated equipment associated with IT projects.

Andrew Zgolinski-Aviation Adviser-Mr. Zgolinski advises GOM agencies on all aviation related matters dealing with anti-narcotics operations, i.e., training, maintenance, equipment, etc. End Use information is gathered by regular on-site visits with the assistance of FSN Gabriel Lara, written weekly and monthly reports, and verbal communications with GOM contacts.

Other USG Agency Assistance

Drug Enforcement Administration (DOJ/DEA)
Office of Defense Coordination (DOD/OCD)
Customs and Border Protection (DHS/CBP)
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (DHS/CBP/ICE)

These agencies collaborated frequently with the NAS to achieve mission plans. Of these agencies, the NAS collaborated frequently with DHS/CBP in the identification, testing, selection, implementation, and analysis of non-intrusive inspection equipment (NII)

Counterpart Agencies

Office of the Attorney General (PGR)
Secretariat of Public Security (SSP)
Secretariat of Government (SEGOB)
Secretariat of National Defense (SEDENA)
Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit, Customs (SAT)
Secretariat of Public Health’s National Commission for Protection against Health Risks (COFEPRIS)
Secretariat of Communications and Transportation (SCT)
Federal Preventive Police (PFP)
National Immigration Institute (INAMI)

These agencies collaborated frequently with the NAS to achieve stated mission plans. Of these agencies, the NAS collaborated with DHS/CBP in the identification, testing, selection, implementation, and analysis of non-intrusive inspection equipment (NII). In addition, DHS/CBP/ICE provides ongoing advice regarding X-ray equipment used at major Mexican airports.

Receipt

GOM federal agencies that received USG donated equipment are required to sign Notes of Agreement.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

From October 27, 2008 through November 7, 2008, a random physical inspection was performed by DEA resident offices included Juarez, Guadalajara, Hermosillo Mazatian, Merida, Mexico City, Monterrey and Tijuana of the equipment used by the Special Investigative Units of the Federal Police

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

The NAS was able to monitor the donated equipment not physically inspected through comparison with GOM written and digital records and through discussions with GOM contacts.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Three NAS-funded non-intrusive inspection (NII) X-ray minivans operated in the passenger luggage areas at the international airports in Mexico City and in Cancun, were used to detect bulk shipment of illicit cash and other contraband.

Twelve installed Portal VACIS units, purchased for and delivered to SAT from 2004 to 2007, inspected trucks and trailers for arms, drugs, and other contraband at the following northern Mexico strategic ports of entry: Colombia (Nuevo Leon-2); Nuevo Laredo (Tamaulipas-2); Piedras Negras (Coahuila -2); Nogales (Sonora-2); Mexicali (Baja California Norte); Otay Mesa (BCN); Ciudad Jurez (Chihuahua); and Reynoes (Tamaulipsa). Other installed NAS-purchased NII equipment, included a railroad VACIS at Mexicali and a pallet VACIS at the Mexico City International Airport. Detected rail and air contraband, respectively. The NAS visited these units during 2008; the Mexico City airport Pallet VACIS was shown regularly to visiting USG officials.

In 2008, the NAS purchased an X-ray minivan and 10 X-ray backscatter vans for the. SAT

Mexican Federal Police-The Federal Police (SSP/AFI) operated three USG-provided NII mobile Gamma radiation VCIS (Vehicle and Cargo inspection Systems) vehicles donated by the NAS in November 2005. These vehicles, along with five other similar units purchased by SSP/AFI in 2007, operated at unannounced locations throughout Mexico for short periods of time, inspecting trucks and tailers for contraband. The NAS inspected the USG-provided trucks operating along Mexican highways once each quarter during the reporting year.

On-site Inspections

From October 27, 2008 through November 7, 2008, a random physical inspection of the equipment used by the Special Investigative Unit of the Federal Police was performed by DEA resident offices in Ciudad Juarez, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Mazatlan, Merida, Mexico City, Monterrey and Tijuana.

In 2008, about 55% of all donated items were inspected on-site.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Comparison of Records-In 2008, 45% of US donate equipment was not physically inspected. However, the NAS was able to obtain information regarding the status and use of this equipment through comparison with GOM written and digital records and through discussions with GOM contacts.

Discussions –When on-site inspections are not feasible, post hold discussions with host government officials on the status of the INL-funded resources.

Receipt

GOM federal agencies that receive USG donated equipment are required to sign Notes of Agreement. In some cases, GOM entities request in writing that NAS personnel procure specific items of equipment for certain projects. Nonetheless, NAS personnel generally do not wait for receipt of such written requests before conducting individual purchases for projects agreed to in advance by both Government under the signed Letters of Agreements. Upon delivery of major equipment, NAS personnel prepare MOAs to document receipt of equipment. These MOA’s specify the donated items, quantities, description, serial numbers, and authority for the donation.

Status-Commodities

Aircraft

Interdiction Helicopters 
UH-1H   27  


UH-1H interdiction helicopters were based at the following locations: XC-BBA-Insurance repair station, XC-LIX Hermosillo, XC-BBG-Guadalajara, XC-HGR- Insurance repair station, XC-BBH-Guadalajara, XC-JAX-Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-BBJ- Caborca, XC-LJJ- Mexicali, XC-JAD-Guadalajara, XC-JAQ-Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-LJK-Chetumal, XC-JAN- Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-LIV-Guadalajara, XC-JAV- Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-JAM- Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-JAO- Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-BBL-Santana, XC-JAA-Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-JAS- Insurance repair station, XC-JAR-Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-JAU- destroyed in accident, XC-BBF- Acapulco, XC-BBE- Guadalajara, XC-BBD- Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-LIW- Insurance repair station, XC-LIZ- Tapachula, XC-LKF- Acapulco, XC-LKG-Ciudad Carmen.

Aerial Surveillance and Border Security Helicopters 
Schweizer SAC-333   10  


Schweizer SAC-333 helicopters for aerial and border security were based in the following locations: Nogales (1), Mexicali (1), Guadalajara (3), Ciudad Carmen (1), Chetmual (1), Culiacan (1), Acapulco (1), Chihuahua (1). One was destroyed in an accident.

Aircraft parts, valued at approximately $24 million, for the UH-1H’s were delivered in the second half of December to PGR’s main maintenance base and warehouse in Guadalajara. As of the end of the year, the parts were being inventoried and entered into the PGR’s tracking system.

Computer Equipment

In 2008, the NAS donated computer and office equipment to the following agencies: Federal Protective Police-computer and office equipment; Customs- computer and office equipment including a server, six money counters, 15 handheld ion scanners; Office of the Attorney General-computers and office equipment; National Institute of Psychology-computer and office equipment; Secretariat for Public Security-computer equipment and five ion scanners; National Banking Commission-computer and office equipment; National Immigration Institute-computer and office equipment.

Vehicles

Customs-Three non-funded non-intrusive inspection (NII) X-ray minivans operated in the passenger luggage-handling areas at the international airports in Mexico City (two) and in Cancun (Quintana roo); they were used to detect bulk shipments of illicit cash and other contraband.

Twelve installed Portal VACIS (Vehicle and Cargo Inspection Systems) units, purchased and delivered to Customs from 2004 to 2007 inspected trucks and trailers for arm, drug, and other contraband at the following northern Mexico strategic ports of entry: Colombia (Nuevo Leon-2); Nuevo Laredo (Tamaulipas -2); Piedras Negras (Coahuila-2); Nagales (Sonora-2); Mexicali (Baja California Norte); Otay Mesa (BCN); Ciudad Jurez (Chihuahua); and Reynosa (Tamaulipas). Other installed NAS purchased NII equipment, including a railroad VACIS at Mexicali and a pallet VACIS at Mexico International Airport, detected rail and air contraband, respectively. The NAS visited these units during 2008, the Mexico City airport pallet VACIS was regularly shown to visiting USG officials.

In 2008, the NAS purchased an X-ray minivan and 10 X-ray backscatter vans for Customs.

Mexican Federal Police –The Federal Police (SSP/AFI) operated three USG-provided NII mobile gamma radiation VACIS donated by the NAS in November 2005. These vehicles, joined by five other similar units purchased by SSP/AFI in 2007, operated at unannounced locations throughout Mexico for short periods of time, inspecting trucks and trailers for contraband. NAS personnel saw the USG-provided trucks operating along Mexican highways once each quarter during the reporting year.

Office of Attorney General (PGR) and Secretariat of Public Security (SSP) Special Investigative Units-The GOM recently merged the Agencia Federal de Investigacions (AFI) and the Policia Federal Preentiva (PFP), creating the new Federal Police. Over this period of time, vehicles donated by the NAS to the Special Investigative Units have been transferred to different locations and agencies consistent with GOM priorities in the fight against narcotics.

Twelve non-armored surveillance vehicles, six Chevy Malibu sedans and six Chevy Cheyenne 4x4 pickup trucks were donated to the SSP in 2008. Thirty-eight (38) vehicles were purchased in 2008 with NAS funds for the vetted units.

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

Telecommunications equipment donated by the NAS has facilitated interconnectivity within the Government of Mexico and with elements of the USG. For example, one project, OASIS, supports the daily interchange of information between the PGR and the DHS relating to illegal human smuggling cases.

Surveillance Equipment

The USG-provided NII equipment, both mobile and fixed, have given the GOM additional capability in detecting and confiscating drugs, weapons, chemicals, explosives, laundered money, as well as other contraband, at diverse and often constantly changing strategic locations throughout Mexico. The X-ray van has alone contributed to Customs discovering over $70 million in cash since the beginning of calendar year 2004.

Laboratory Equipment

During 2008, the NAS provided the PGR with an Integrated Ballistics Identification System (IBIS) and related equipment. This equipment allows firearms examiners and technicians to acquire analog images of the markings made by a firearms on bullets and cartridge casings.

Professional Services

The professional services provided by the NAS have allowed Mexico to advance its prosecutions of drug traffickers and combat terrorism.

Aircraft

The USG-provided aircraft are an integral part of the PGR’s interdiction and border security activities. The UH-1H’s are indispensable for the end game in interdiction activities by transporting law enforcement personnel to make seizures and arrests, transporting seized drugs and arms, and pursuing suspects. The Schweizer helicopters, with their sensors and cameras, are used to patrol the border areas and support police ground activities.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

Although NAS-funded maintenance programs, through manufacturer representatives based in Mexico, were in place on all major USG-provided NII equipment, GOM agencies still failed at times to follow procedures for reporting repair and maintenance needs. In these cases, resolution came about only after the NAS Project Adviser becomes involved.

Lack of Use of Commodities

Some items are still underutilized due to a shortage of trained personnel. Customs often waits until a big-ticket piece of NII equipment arrives before it recruits the personnel needed to operate it, although this is less of a problem with SSP.

Many Customs and SSP personnel have not owned a vehicle, or even driven one, prior to recruitment by those agencies and so “cut their teeth” on USG-provided sophisticated equipment. All three of the 12-ton gamma radiation mobile trucks donated to the SSP have been involved in accidents in their first three years of operation. In one case, the cobalt radiation source, which is normally only changed after five years of operation, had to be replaced at USG expense during its first year because of improper use. The NAS is considering funding basic driver training for NII heavy equipment before USG-funded manufactured operator training and USG law enforcement “tricks of the trade” training take place.

Disposal of Commodities

Nine UH-1H fuselages are pending destruction at the PGR’s main helicopter maintenance base in Guadalajara. These aircraft were not deemed economically viable to repair. Permission to destroy these aircraft was obtained from INL/RM and once advised that the process should proceed, the NAS Aviation Adviser will travel to Guadalajara to observe the destruction and recover the aircraft identification data plates.

PANAMA CITY

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

NAS Administrative Assistant Debbie Guarnieri Tel: 507-207-7273; guarierida@state.

Inventory System

The stand-alone version of the Non-Expendable Property Application (NEPA) inventory system has been implemented.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Staff members, the NAS Assistant, and PSC advisors perform periodic site visits and meet with GOP personnel to discuss the use of donated assets. DEA and DHS/ICE agents also conduct regular on-site visits and report any discrepancies/needs concerning INL- provided resources. The NAS and the GOP are jointly responsible for maintenance of all INL-donated equipment. The NAS sells items returned as non-functioning/non-repairable that are deemed to have sufficient retail value at GSO directed embassy auctions. Auction sale proceeds are returned to program funds. The NAS also certifies destruction of property that is deemed to have no significant resale value.

Counterpart Agencies

General International Affairs
Criminal Statistics System (SIEC)
Drug Prosecutor’s Office
Financial Investigative Unit (FIU)
Financial Analysis Unit (FIU)
First Prosecutor’s Office Anti-Corruption Unit
First Prosecutor’s Office Drug Unit
IPR Prosecutor Office
Organized Unit
Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC)
Panama National Police (PNP)
The Police Fluvia Unit (UMOF)
Investigations Directorate (DIJ)
National Aerial Naval Service (SENAN)

In 2008, the National Assembly passed a bill to merge the Technical Judicial Police Unit (PTJ) with the National Police Investigations Directorate (DIJ). This combined unit has retained the original name of the Investigations Directorate and is controlled by the Panamanian National Police (PNP). Also during 2008, the National Maritime Service and the National Air Service were merged into the National Aerial Naval Service (SENAN). Items donated to the former institutions are all accounted for and being used by the respective organizations.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

Five (5) scheduled and twenty-eight (28) unscheduled inspections were conducted in 33 cities in 2008. The date and location of each inspection is as follows

01/04/2008 - Attorney General International Affairs
01/04/2008 - Organized Crime Unit 02/26/2008 PNP
06/11/2008 - DIIP Tocumen Airport, DIJ Tocumen Airport
01/05/2009 - DIJ Vetted Unit
02/15/2008 - Frontier Unit in Darien
02/19/2008 - PNP Guabala Checkpoint
02/19/2008 - SENAN, Eebrada de Piedra
02/20/2008 - PNP, DIIP Chiriqui
02/29/2008 - SENAN, Colon
11/17/2008 - SENAN, Communications
11/17/2008 - SENAN, Special Forces Rodman
11/18/2008 - SENAN, DIAN Drug Intelligence Unit
11/18/2009 - SENAN, Director’s Office
11/24/2008 - PNP, Communications Office
01/05/2009 - Financial Investigative Unit
01/05/2008 - First Prosecutor’s office anti-corruption Unit
01/05/2008 - IPR Prosecutor’s Office
01/05/2008 - First Prosecutor’s Office Drug Unit
01/14/2008 - SIEC
01/14/2009 - DIJ Internal Affairs Section
01/15/2009 - PNP, Mobile Inspection Unit (MIU)
01/15/2009 - PNP, GETCA Tocumen Airport
01/15/2009 - SENAN, Air Service Wing
01/16/2009 - DIJ, Tocumen International Airport
01/16/2009 - DIJ, Marcos A. Geralbert Airport
01/16/2009 - Joint Information and Coordination Office (JICC)
01/16/2009 - DIIP Branch Subdirectorate
01/17/2009 - ICE Clayton Vetted Unit

The number of donated items subject to inspections was 4,978. The percentage of items personally inspected was 78%.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

When on-site inspections were not feasible, the NAS staff relied on meetings and conversations with host country offices, who confirmed that the equipment allocated to their respective units was present and remained in good condition.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

The NAS currently tracks 380 CPU’s donated to host government institutions to include: PNP-42 units, DIJ-55 units, SENAN-32 units, Public Ministry-121 units, CFZ-23 units, MOGJ-52 units, and Presidency-32 units, Customs-14 units, and CENAID-5 units. The equipment listed above is still in fair working condition, but some of it is becoming outdated/obsolete. This equipment is being used to maintain statistical crime information, counter narcotics investigations, prosecutions, and money laundering cases. In 2009, post will modify its inventory control system to remove items that while still being used by units, have reached the end of their useful lifespan.

Canine Program

Twenty-three (23) canines were donated to the PNP in 2005. Seventeen (17) remain operational; 13 are used for drug detection; one is used for explosives detection, and three are used for protection and security. Six canines have been retired. The canines are all being housed in Tocumen and are in good health.

Satellite Phones

There are currently two satellite phones provided to the Fluvial Unit of the PNP. These phones are used during surveillance operations in remote locations. The equipment is in good working condition.

Night Vision Goggles

The NAS has donated 19 sets of Night Vision Goggles to the GOP. Eight units have been donated to SENAN, five units to the DIJ, and six to the PNP. This equipment is being used for counternarcotics and surveillance operations and is in good working condition.

Vehicles

The ability of NAS to maintain vehicles seized by Panamanian Police narcotics units enabled post to provide PNP vetted units with a fleet of vehicles for under $20,000 per year. This program has proven highly successful and much less costly than providing new vehicles on a consistent basis.

National Aerial Naval Service (SENAN) 
Ford 250 pickups  
Motorcycles   
Bus  2  


Financial Investigative Unit (FIU)) 
Ford CAB  
Ford Focus   2  


Joint Information & Coordination Center (JICC) 
Ford Taurus  1  


Panamanian National Police 
Ford 250 pickups  
Toyota Prada   
Ford Exployer  
5-ton trucks  10 
1 1/4/ ton truck  
Humvee Ambulances  
Utility Humvee  11 
Suzuki motorcycles  
Ford 4x2  
Ford Clubwagon  
Chevrolet van   1  

Investigations Directorate 
Ford Focus  
Honda RV   2  

Vessels

The NAS is currently refurbishing five 82-foot ships donated to Panama. At the end of FY-2008, refurbishment of one of ships was completed. The ship has already been involved in successful counternarcotics operations. The NAS plans to complete the refurbishment of two or more ships, as well as conduct routine maintenance on the first ship during FY-2009.

Panamanian National Police 
Proline vessel  
Donzi fast boat  2  

SENAN 
Donza vessel  2  

Program Impact

Vessels

The Police Fluvian Unit (UMOF) used NAS donated vessels to seize over 16 tons of cocaine in 2008. Vessels donated to the National Maritime Services were not associated with similar seizure numbers in FY-2008, but following the creation of SENAN, the units assigned these assets have expressed a greater eagerness to actively pursue narcotics traffickers.

Communications Equipment

Cell phones, satellite phones, and radios compatible with the police network provided to vetted units and other select units with the National Police network have contributed to Panama once again leading the region in interdiction with the seizure of over 50 tons of cocaine in FY-2008. The equipment has enabled PNP officials to communicate during both special operations and in the course of their normal activities.

Vehicles

The ability of the NAS to maintain vehicles seized by Panamanian Police Narcotics Units enabled post to provide PNP vetted units with a fleet of vehicles for under $20,000 per year. This program has proven highly successful and is more cost-effective than providing new vehicles on a constant basis. These vehicles, along with four program vehicles maintained by the NAS, enable PNP personnel to conduct investigations, surveillance, and patrols.

Laboratory Equipment

Laboratory Equipment donated to the DIJ laboratory in Santiago is of vital support to the region. This unit provides fast response to the PNP unit by working cases in the northern provinces of Panama that traditionally were underserved by the other laboratory located in Panama City.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

PNP/PTJ Merge

The merge of the PNP and PTJ units has hampered the inspection of some inventories. Post plans to update the PNP and PTJ inventories as part of the planned overhaul of the system.

Vessels

A Donzi vessel donated to the SENAN was broadsided by a commercial boat; the vessel has been assessed as a loss and will be removed from inventory.

Unmonitored Resources

Four (4) percent of the donated items were not monitored in 2008 due to staffing shortages and the need to update post’s inventory system. Some outlying locations were not monitored during 2008. All items not monitored in 2008 were donated prior to 2005 and were visually inspected in 2007. Post is modernizing its monitoring system and will visually inspect all items not inspected in 2008 in the first quarter of 2009.

Repair and maintenance of Commodities

Communications equipment and spare parts for the PNP were being stored in two different facilities making it difficult to run an efficient inventory system. The NAS has consolidated the storage into one centralized location.

Facility Repair

The roof of the room used to house the X-ray unit at the Tocumen International Airport was in urgent need of repairs to prevent water leakage that could damage the equipment. The GOP has repaired the roof.

Disposal of Commodities

Post is in the process of disposing outdated equipment that has served its useful lifespan. Items deemed of sufficient value will be sold by GSO directed auctions; other equipment will be disposed of following NAS procedures.

SAN JOSE

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

NAO Robert B. Andrew, Tel: 220-2253, andrewrb@state.gov

Inventory System

Post maintains an inventory of donated property using an Excel spreadsheet. Post has been using its own numbering and labeling system to keep track of items donated since April 2003 as NEPA (Non-Expendable Property Application) labels can no longer be used for INL procured items.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Post’s Narcotics Affairs Officer and Program Analyst are responsible for the EUM. They perform on-site inspections of the equipment donated and check resources against an inventory log (excel spreadsheet).

Other US Government Agency Assistance

DEA Special Agents and the Office of the Defense Representative Staff periodically visited Costa Rican counternarcotics installations and verified the proper use and continued maintenance of equipment acquired with INL funds.

Counterpart Agencies

The Drug Control Police (PCD)
National Police Academy
Costa Rican Coast Guard (SNGC)
Air Surveillance Section (SVA)
Canine Unit of the Ministry of Public Security (MPS)
Ministry of Justice Financial Crimes/Money Laundering unit
Planimetric Unit
Audio/Photograph Unit of the Forensics Lab
Surveillance /Monitoring Unit
Cybercrimes Unit
Judicial School and Canine Unit of the Organization for Judicial Investigations (OIJ)
Supreme Court’s Child and Sex Exploitation Unit (CSE)
Costa Rican Institute on Drugs (ICD), formerly CICAD
Ministry of the Presidency 

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

On-site inspections of all GOCR recipients were performed in October, November, and December 2008 and January 2009 except for the Prosecutor’s Offices in Limon, Perez Zeledon, Quepos and San Carlos. Visits to these outlying areas are infrequent due limited funding. Scheduled visits were as follows:

10/01/2008 - Ministry of Public Security’s Immigration Department
11/03/2008 - Ministry of Public Security’s Air Surveillance Section
11/05/2008 - Ministry of Public Security’ Canine Unit
11/09/2008 - Ministry of Public Security’s Drug Control Police (PCD)
11/07/2008 - National Police School, Ministry of Public Security
11/08/2008 - National Police School, Pavas Building
11/13/2008 - Ministry of Health
11/14/2008 - OIJ’s Canine Unit, Money Laundering Unit, Economic and Financial Crimes Section
11/18/2008 - OIJ’s Money Laundering Unit, Economic and Financial Crimes Section Unit Judicial School, Planimetric Unit, and Audio and Photograph Unit at the Forensics Lab
11/19/2008 - Organization for Judicial Investigations (OIJ) Surveillance and Monitoring Unit
12/02/2008 - OIJ’s Cyber Crimes Unit
12/16/2008 - Child Sexual Exploitation Prosecutors in Jose Prosecutor’s Office
01/21/2009 - Penas Blancas (Northern Border Inspection Station)

Due to staff shortages, post was unable to inspect some equipment at the the Counternarcotics Prosecutors, and the Corruption, Financial Crimes and Tax Evasion Prosecutors. However, post plans to inspect these in 2009. On October 23, 2008, the NAO made an unscheduled visit to inspect donated items on the Costa Rican Coast at Quepos Station on the Pacific Coast. Also, unscheduled visits were completed year-round by the NAO officer, DEA special agents and the Office of the Defense Representative staff, as scheduling and funding permitted.

There were 1,007 donated items subject to inspection. Ninety (90) percent of those items were personally inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources

Post compared written reports and/or computerized records with GOCR inventory reports. The NAS staff also regularly discussed the status of INL-funded commodities/projects with host government officials. About 20 percent of donated items were monitored using secondary methods.

Receipt

All donated equipment is recorded with a specific document signed by an Embassy representative and the senior official from the recipient agency. The donated document specifies the equipment being donated and notes the inventory and manufacturer’s serial number. The documents include the following text: “If the donated items do not meet the user’s needs, according to the Letter of Agreement, the items may not be reassigned to another department and the U.S. Embassy political section must be notified immediately.”

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

In previous years, the NAS provided a Compaq computer, a Toshiba laptop computer, a Sony notebook Pentium 4 laptop computer, a Sony digital camera, a Sony Camcorder, a HP office jet print/copy/scan/fax, a Riso high-speed reproduction printer, eight Dell Optiplex computers, and a UPS in support of the Coast Guard Academy. Also a computer, fax and a cordless phone were provided to the Quepos Coast Guard Station for the Operations Center. SNGC decided this center should be in San Jose, so the equipment was moved to their main offices.

The Riso high-speed reproduction printer is damaged; the SNGC plans to repair it. Due to their limited usefulness because of their old technology, VHS video cassette players are not being used. All other equipment is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2007, the NAS provided four Sony HandyCams, four Sony digital cameras, eight memory sticks, four rechargeable batteries and two double chargers. In 2008, one of the handycams was stolen during an operation. The rest of the equipment is used to investigate all major cases around the country.

In 2001, the NAS provided two Dell laptops, one scanner, two color printers, one digital camera, one camcorder and two video projectors to the National Police Academy. One of the Dell laptops was stolen but replaced, and the screen of the other one is not working so it is used with a projector. In CY-2005, the NAS provided a computer, Toshiba laptop with case, two Epson printers, and a video projector. In 2007, INL provided a Toshiba laptop, screen with tripod and Infocus LCD projector. The laptop, which has not worked since it was donated, has yet to be fixed by the Police Academy. The projector works for 10 minutes, gets warm and then it turns off; it has also not been repaired. The equipment is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2002-2006, the NAS provided a Compaq computer, a Toshiba laptop computer, a Sony notebook Pentium 4 laptop computer, a Sony digital camera, a Sony Camcorder, a HP office jet print/copy/scan/fax, a Riso high-speed reproduction printer and eight Dell Optiplex computers and a UPS in support of the Coast Guard Academy. Also, a computer, fax and a cordless phone were provided to the Quepos Coast Guard Station for the Operations Center. SNGC decided this center should be in San Jose, so the equipment was moved to the main offices there.

In 2006, the NAS provided six Dell computers, one Canon digital copying machine, and one Scan Jet to the Interpol office. In 2007, one HP LaserJet printer was also donated. The equipment has been very useful in speeding up investigations, and it is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2006, the NAS provided 10 computers, 10 Epson printers, MS Office 2003 and Windows XP Pro software, 10 surge protectors, three Toshiba laptops and one Epson projector to the MPS Child and Sex Exploitation. Some printers have run out of toner and the unit does not have enough funds in their budget to buy new ones. The equipment is being used for the investigation of CSE cases.

In CY-2001-2003, the NAS provided three Jaguar Pentium III computers, one HD DeskJet printer, one HP LaserJet, one HP Scan Jet, three UPS’, two 24-switch ports, two optical fiber converters, one Sony camcorder, and one memory stick to the OIJ unit. A severe electrical storm damaged one of the optical fiber converters, which is no longer usable. Two monitors and one CPU for the Jaguar computers are irreparable and will be removed from inventory. This equipment is at the OIJ’s K-9 Unit in Heredia and being used for its intended purpose.

In 2006, post donated 6 Dell computers, one Canon digital copying machine, and one Scan jet to the Interpol office.

In 2006, post donated the following to the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) Special Investigation Unit: 10 Pentium IV computers, 10 Epson printers, MS Office 2003 and Windows XP Pro software, 10 surge protectors, 3 Toshiba laptops and 1 Epson projector. The unit’s focus has shifted under the current administration toward intellectual property crimes and stolen cars in addition to Anti-trafficking and Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) efforts.

From 2001-2006, post donated 2 Jaquar computers, 1 digital camcorder, a Cisco ASA Platform, 3 Dell power connect switches and 4 Dell Optiplex computers. Post financed the development of administrative software to enhance ICD’s operational capabilities. This equipment is being used as intended. The software has had numerous problems but is fulfilling 90 percent of its intended functions, pending a link to four modules. The developer claims they have completed their part of the contract and are willing to donate this linkage so that the programs can run 100 percent in exchange for tax exemption. ICD is in the process of negotiating with the developer.

In 2005, post donated one Pentium IV computer, 1 Toshiba laptop, 2 Epson printers, and a video projector to the Supreme Court Judicial School. All equipment is being used for its intended purpose.

From 2002 to 2004, post donated the following to the CSC Prosecution Units in San Jose, Perez Zeledon, Quepos, Limon and San Carlos: 1 Jaquar computer, 3 HP foldable keyboards for HP IPAQ pocket PC, 3 DeskJet printers, 1 scanner. For the other four prosecution units, the NAS provided eight Dell computers, MS Office 2003 software, eight Epson printers, four HP Scan Jet, four Panasonic faxes, and four Canon copying machines in CY-2005 and 2006. A written report from the Chief Prosecutor’s Office indicated that all equipment was in good condition and being used for its intended purpose.

In 2001-2003, post donated the following to the OIJ K-9 unit: 3 Jaquar Pentium III computers, one HP Deskjet printer, one HP Scan jet, 3 UPS, two 24-switch ports, 2 optical fiber converters, 1 Sony camcorder, and 1 memory stick. This equipment is at the OIJ’s K-9 unit in Heredica and is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2004-2006, the NAS provided six Dell computers, three external tape drives, four ATA Raid controllers, two wireless PC cards, two drivelock USB’s, three drivelocks in a caddy, six SCSI cards, four promise SATA 150 controller cards, four Encase Forensic software and upgrade packages, four Forensic toolkit access data packages, one password recovery kit, one wireless Access Point, and two Omni Flash Ide Uno to the OIJ Cyber Crimes Unit. All equipment is being use for its intended purposes.

In 2006-2007, the NAS donated two voice-activated recorders, four color and five black and white miniaturized cameras, 2 GB Secure Digital cards and Arc View software to the OIJ Photographic and Audiovisual Section and Transit and Planimetry Section of the Forensic Science Laboratory. In 2008, this section investigated 248 cases but post does not have information on how many were sent to court or successfully prosecuted. This equipment has been used all around the country and is well taken care of. The section maintains a log with the information on the person that will be using the equipment and condition in which it was handed-over, With this equipment, they can now support various investigation requests that they were not able to support in the past due to lack of equipment.

In 2004-2005, the NAS provided three Toshiba laptops, eight computers, two HP scanners, two HP printers, two memory sticks, eight flash memory, two PS60 shredders, two high volume shredders, two file cabinets, one HP LaserJet, one Panasonic fax, one digital camera, one camcorder, and one copying machine to the OIJ Money Laundering Unit. The items are being used for their intended purpose.

In 2000, the NAS provided a Dell server with monitor to the Office of Precursor Control. In 2002, the NAS funded the purchase of a Jaguar computer, an antivirus software package, a HP DeskJet printer, one Epson and one HP printer, and a Powerless LCD projector. The Dell server and Jaguar computer are obsolete, but are in good condition. ICD requests permission to pass them to another GOCR office that could better use them to meet current needs, possibly an office within the Coast Guard. The equipment was originally donated to the Ministry of Health, which at the time had responsibility for precursor chemical control. In 2004, the Precursor Chemical Office was moved from the Health Ministry to Ice’s headquarters. This equipment is now located in their headquarters and continues to be used for its intended purpose.

In 2001-2006, the NAS provided a Cannon digital copier, four Jaguar computers, two Jaguar high performances Pentium IV computers, an Apple computer with DVD recorder, three HP DeskJet printers, and one LaserJet printer to the OIJ Narcotics Section. All of the equipment is being used to support on-going counter narcotics operations/initiatives.

Guardian computer software was purchased in 2003 to enable ICD to electronically communicate with the El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC) using the DEA Guardian software in the format required by EPIC. This software is outdated but still in use.

From 2001-2007, INL provided three Jaguar computers, one Dell Optiplex computer, one Imac Ruby Computer, a 36 GS hard disk, an Apple computer with DVD burner, computer software and licenses, computer 48-port switch, a 4-port analog module for connectivity outside San Jose, one HP printer, two Scan Jets, one Applied Magic video editor, and Mapinfo Geographic Information System (GIS) software to the Narcotics Control Police (PCD). In 2008, NAS provided 3 Analyst’s Notebooks, 1 patern tracer TCA, 1 pattern tracer TCA telephone call analysis guide, 1 iBase designer, 1 USB dongle and 2 DSC-H7 Sony cybershopt digital cameras.

Patrol Boats

Costa Rica received three 82-ft decommissioned USCG cutters as a donation of Excess Defense Articles in 2001. Transfer packages for these vessels were supported with post’s INL funds, and included the refitting of all electronic and communication systems, training for the SNGC crews, and a full complement of spare parts.

The ships 82-3 “Juan Rafael Mora” and 82-2 “Juan Santa Maria” are based in the Pacific port of Puntarenas. In 2008, the 82-2 “Juan Santa Maria” and 82-3 “Juan Rafael Mora” had serious problems with on-board refrigerators. The NAS has recently ordered replacement parts. The air conditioning system in the 82-3 “Juan Rafael Mora” and the “Juan Santa Maria” are not working. The NAS has ordered repairs on those systems. Adequate air conditioning and refrigeration are essential for effective operation in Costa Rica’s tropical waters. The 82-4 “Pancha Carraso” is currently out-of-service with two generators down; repair costs are being assessed. All three vessels are used for their intended purpose.

Six 24-ft Rigid Hull Inflatable (RHI) fast patrol craft were transferred to the Coast Guard in 2002. Each RHI is equipped with two Honda 130 HP outboard engines and complete rigging, electronics, and safety equipment. None are operational. They are currently stored at the Coast Guard Station in Quepos. These locally manufactured vessels have experienced numerous problems with the inflatable section of their hulls. The GPS equipment and four of the engines are in good condition. Eight need to be repaired. In 2006, SNGC requested authorization to remove the radar, communication and navigation equipment to install them on other vessels as needed. As of 2008, some of the equipment is in storage at the SNGC station in Quepos. Post is considering an auction to sell the boats and put the proceeds back into other counter-drug support.

Two 26-foor fiberglass fast boats were donated to the Ministry of Public Security in 2002. Each fast boat is equipped with two 120 horsepower Mercruiser diesel engines, complete rigging, electronics, and safety equipment. Two of the engines are in good condition and the other two are under repair. When operational, they are used for their intended purpose.

SNGC 
83-ft cutters  
24-ft RHI   
26-ft fiberglass  2  


Vehicles

From CY-2002 to CY-2005, the NAS provided vehicles and equipment to the Ministry of the Presidency ICD’s MET. INL funded the purchase of a customized Ford Econoline utility truck, Econoline Wagon 15-passenger utility van, two motorcycles, trailer, Honda generator, tools, and equipment for the truck. The MET conducts counternarcotics operations as well as a number of cross-border training exercises with counterparts in Nicaragua and Panama.

The truck has run only 18,000 km and has had no problems since its donation. It is maintenance intensive and has numerous mechanical problems, e.g., the fuel pump needs to be replaced every 6 months, according to local Ford dealer. Costa Rica’s mountainous topography and poor roads present serious challenges for this vehicle, though it operates adequately in the city. When the fuel pump begins to fail, the vehicle takes twice the time or more to get to its destination. It also has problems with the brakes that haven’t been repaired properly. During 2007, it spent about six months at a local Ford dealer for repairs. It was only used twice all year. ICXD plans to trade this older truck in for a new diesel pick-up that can handle Costa Rican roads. The MET will move the cargo portion of the old truck to the new vehicle as well as all of the specialized tools. In the meantime, a different GOCR van is used along with a seized vehicle to conduct MET-type operations.

In 2003, post purchased two Toyota RAV-4s for donation to the Organization for Judicial Investigations (OIJ) to conduct undercover operations. In October 2008, both vehicles were traded in as a down payment for two new 2008 Daihatsu Terios.

INL funded 50 percent of a Ford F-250 in 2003 to allow the SNGC to transport patrol craft to the different Coast Guard stations within the country. The truck is undergoing repairs. The SNGC provided 50 percent of the funding for this vehicle with the understanding that it would be subject to the same End Use Monitoring requirements as any other vehicle purchased completely with INL funds. Although the vehicle has had some mechanical problems, they have been resolved and a maintenance contract has been signed by the dealer. The vehicle will undergo general preventive maintenance soon. The vehicle is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2002 and 2003, INL provided vehicles and equipment to the Ministry of the Presidency’s Mobile Enforcement Team (MET). INL funded the purchase of a customized utility truck, utility van, two motorcycles, trailer, a Honda generator, tools, and equipment for the vehicles. The MET conducts counternarcotics operations as well as a number of cross-border training exercises with counterparts in Nicaragua and Panama.

Post donated a Ford E-150 8-passenger van to the PCD in 2003 to support operations throughout the country. It continues to be useful for transporting groups of PCD officials to conduct counternarcotics operations around the country.

A Ford E 350 15-passenger van was procured for the MPS K-9 facility located at the Juan Santa Maria International Airport in San Jose. Tools were provided for the van. In 2008, the van was in a minor accident and needed repainting.

In CY-2003, the NAS obtained a Customs Adviser of the Chevrolet Geo Tracker for the MPS K-9 unit for use in moving around the country and providing technical assistance and training to establish a sustainable and effective counternarcotics cargo inspection regime within the Ministry of Public Security (PCD), Ministry of Finance (PCF), and Organization for Judicial Investigations (OIJ) to include their Canine Units. The Customs Adviser departed on August 2004 and his position was not filled. On June 2007, this vehicle was donated to the MPS K-9 Unit to help the unit deploy around the country. The vehicle is still pending registration by the Costa Rican Government and the Embassy is assisting with the required paperwork, but it is being used for its intended purpose.

Mobile Enforcement Team 
Ford Econoline utility truck  
Econoline 15-passenger van  
motorcycle  2  


OIJ 
Daihatsu Terios  2  


SNGC 
Ford F-240  1  


PCD 
Ford E-150 8-passenger vanF-240  1  


MPS K-9 
Ford F-350 15-passenger van  
Chevrolet Geo Tracker  1  


Communications Equipment

In 2002, post funded the purchase of a new communications network for the SNGC and SVA bases, vessels, and aircraft. The system is still not operational. ICE (the state-owned telecommunications monopoly) has provided the frequencies to the vendor on two separate occasions. However, upon testing, it was determined the frequencies were being used by other parties. The vendor
never provided equipment to use available frequencies. The Ministry of Public Security officials continue to review legal options against the vendor. Over 70 percent of the funds for this project had been released as of 2003. Since late 2007, post has been unable to contact the vendor. Post has little confidence that this work will be finished.

In 2008, the NAS provided a 5 XTS4250, 2 XTL 5000 Motorola radios, 12 Furono GP37 CGPS/WAAS Navigato, 5 GPSMAP 76CSX,
5 Garmin cigarette lighter adopters and 5 Garmin Marine Mount.

Canine Units

In CY-2003, post contracted with CSI International for five narcotics detection dogs with a one-year training and certification package. The contract called for the delivery of the animals and an initial two-week training course followed by monthly follow-up training, leading to certification. One of the dogs died of chronic ehrlichiosis (transmitted by infected ticks) in June 2004. In 2004, the CSI owner took back a second dog to switch it for another, but no replacement was provided; the owner argued (falsely) that post had incurred a debt with him and that he had not been paid. One dog is still working but the other two will be retired soon. MPS K-9 handlers were certified on September 18, 2004. CSI has not followed through on promises to address concerns about the quality of the dogs it provided. Post will not consider CSI for future procurements.

A female member of the MPS canine unit participated in the regional Canine Instructors Certification Course in Guatemala from October 6-December 12, 2008. She obtained first place for her performance during the entire training.

Construction Projects

In 2003, INL funded the construction of a counternarcotics inspection station at Penas Blancas, located at a natural chokepoint on the border between Costa Rica and Nicaragua. The inspection station gave the PCD the capability it would not have had otherwise to inspect cargo at this busy point of entry. In 2003, NAS funded the purchase of tools, furniture and other equipment to outfit the inspection station. Also in 2003, the NAS secured the donation of a used 40-kilowatt Cumins diesel-powered electrical generator from Embassy San Jose for the border inspection station. Construction was completed in November 2003 with the exception of minor modifications. The inspection station was formally donated on April 2004.

Some ongoing drainage problems combined with cracks in the floors and walls have caused minor damage. During a January 2009 visit, some kitchen appliances, four fans, and two air conditioners were not working. Some of kitchen furniture was damaged and some of the office chairs were broken. However, despite these minor structural and furniture problems, the building is in relatively good shape and is being used for its intended purpose. The NAS is researching the possibility of donating a fence to help secure the property.

The Coast Guard is located at the Pacific port of Quepos and has been operational since November 2003. The station and furniture were formally donated to the SNCG on February 2004. The NAO visited the building in October 2008 and noted that the overall condition of the building was good. Despite some minor maintenance issues, the building is being used for its intended purpose.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Four complete contraband detector kits or "busters" were donated to the PCD in 2001. Complete kits are deployed with PCD units located at Corredores and the port of Limon. At Penas Blancas, one of the density meters (“buster”) was lost during an inspection; at the Juan Santa Maria International Airport, the equipment has become worn down due to heavy usage. This equipment has proven highly effective in detecting cocaine secreted in hidden compartments, fuel tanks, and tires of tractor-trailers crossing into Costa Rica. All of this equipment has been heavily used and is getting old and worn out. Some parts are moved from one inspection point to another depending on which parts of the kits are in good working condition. The optic fibers are worn out and scan images are blurry. Costly recalibration of the density meters is required with increasing frequency. With expected assistance from the Merida Initiative, post should receive more inspection kits in 2009.

In 2002-2006, two microcasette recorders, one transcriber, one night vision scope, four Nokia digital cameras, five cell phones and four lines, eight desktop cassette recorders and one piece of specialized transmission/reception equipment was donated to the CSE Prosecution Units in San Jose. Additionally, four Canon digital cameras and eight voice activated recorders were distributed to offices in the other four parts of the country. At the Periz Zeledon office, one DVD is not working properly and is in the process of being repaired. According to a letter dated December 2008 from the Chief Prosecutor’s Office, all the rest of the equipment is functioning properly and is being used of its intended purpose.

In 2002, post donated 60 optical passport readers, 5 mobile inspection terminals and funded the development of software for the Directorate of Immigration. The optical passport readers are located at the Juan Santa Maria and Daniel Oduber, and Tobias Bolanos International Airports, Ports of Putarenas, Limon and Quepos, and the border crossings at Paso Canoas and Penas Blancas. Two mobile inspection terminals are located in the maritime inspection stations of Limon, Puntarenas and Golfito. The software is performing as expected. In 2005, the NAS provided a Brother Intellifax 4100 Machine. In 2008, the NAS provided 3 scanners and a HP multifunction (fax, scanner, printer and copier) machine.

In 2002-2003, INL donated eight GPS navigation systems for Air Section Aircraft (SVA) aircraft, two 6-man aviation life rafts with canopies, and parts. The donated GSP navigation systems have been installed in aircrafts and are functioning properly. The life rafts are damaged and cannot be used anymore; they will be removed from the inventory. In 2008, the NAS donated four HGU-56/P helmets, 20 shoulder holsters with double harness with associated accessories, and 23 Nomex flight suits. The rest of the equipment is being used for their intended purpose.

During an October 2008 visit to immigration, GOCR authorities told post that one of the mobile passport readers had been irreparably damaged by a water leak in the ceiling above it. The other readers were broken and irreparable; those three readers will be removed from inventory. In 2003 and 2004, the NAS provided security ink and stamps along with appropriate security lockers. The GOCR intended to purchase additional ink and stamps to supply all posts of entry around the country. Immigration only located an appropriate local distributor in December 2007. The inks and stamps are not in use, although some stamps require constant adjustment to be used properly.

In 2003, INL procured two Epson digital cameras, two Sony digital camcorders, three Sony digital cameras, two Panasonic digital camcorders, 10 night vision goggles, five binoculars, 6 double cassette decks, two micro recorders, disguised as cigarette packs, two micro recorders disguised as eyeglass cases, three Sony standard cassette transcribing machines, three Sony microcassette transcribing machines, and two Sony mini DVD camcorders to the OIJ Narcotics Section. One of the Sony digital camcorders was stolen; one of the Sony digital cameras needs to be repaired, and one of the GE remote tape recorders burned out. The heads of the other GE recorders are worn out, but the cost of repair exceeds replacement. Finally, the six double cassette decks proved unsuitable for their original purpose. The OIJ Narcotics Section returned them to its Procurement Office instead of the embassy where they were redistributed among OIJ offices in San Jose and two courts. Otherwise, all this equipment is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2002-2004, post donated the following to the OIJ: 20 remote GE tape recorders, 2 Panasonic 13” monitors, 2 Epson digital cameras, 2 Sony digital camcorders, 3 Sony Digital cameras, 2 Panasonic Digital camcorders, 4 standard, cassette transcribers and dictator, 6 Sony radio cassette recorders, 2 voice activated recorders, 6 double cassette decks, 2 micro recorders disguised as cigarette packs, 2 micro recorders disguised as eyeglass cases, six double cassette decks, one card with 24 ports for Hicom 350 communication system, eight telephones, 15 folding police batons, 39 GE cassette recorders, 15 GE mini cassette recorders, two parabolic microphone handheld units and reflectors, one Epson projector, six Sony radio cassette recorders, two Black & Decker cordless drills, four SME L400II modified cassette recorders, two MiniDV Sony camcorders, 20 remote GE tape recorders, four standard cassette transcribers and dictator, and two voice activated recorders.

During a November 2008 visit, post found out that that two micro-recorders disguised as cigarette packs and two micro recorders disguised as eyeglass cases were not in use. Post also found out that one of the Panasonic Digital camcorders was lost after an operation but the police officer who lost it will replace it from his own funds. Otherwise, all equipment is being used for its intended purpose.

Surveillance Equipment

In 2003-2006, the NAS funded procured equipment to provide video and audio surveillance for PCD operations. This equipment was highly versatile, essential for officer/agent safety, and has been used for documentation of undercover narcotics purchases, providing valuable documentary evidence used in criminal judicial proceedings. However, some of this equipment, e.g., the Nokia cell phone audio transmitter, is outdated and easily recognized during operations. All of this equipment is well maintained and is being used for its intended purpose.

Program Impact

Computer Systems

The numerous computer systems donated to the various GOCR agencies have increased interagency cooperation by allowing easier communications and information sharing between agencies. This had led to a more integrated approach to counternarcotics operations and helped address a critical resource shortage. Through the Merida Initiative, new/upgraded computer systems will help address this shortage, including the Central American Fingerprint Exchange (CAFÉ) and the Center for Drug Intelligence (CDI)

Surveillance Equipment

Undercover surveillance equipment donated by post INL continues to lead to corroboration of intelligence obtained by the OIJ and the DEA Costa Rica Office. The equipment has also greatly enhanced officer safety.

Communications Equipment

Additional investment in communications equipment helped the Costa Rican Coast Guard in a large seizure of cocaine in July 2008. Costa Rican authorities seized 21.7 metric tons (MT) of cocaine, of which 6 MT were seized on land.

In July, SNGC Director Martin Arias reported that thanks to this newly donated communications equipment, his services were able to seize over four tons of cocaine in one operation. This means that a relatively small investment of $31,000 in radios and the GPS’ helped capture narcotics with an approximate street value in the U.S. between $50-$75 million.

Vessels

The vessel assisted the seizure of 15,7MT of cocaine in joint maritime operations with U.S. law enforcement.

Construction Project

The Penas Blancas checkpoint construction provided a natural checkpoint on the Pan-American Highway. Because of the Customs agreement between the other Central American nations north of Costa Rica, this border inspection station is the only effective one between Costa Rica and the Mexican border. During a January 2009 visit, the PCD officer said that they captured an “instruction” letter they found on a low-level drug trafficker, which gave detailed instructions on how to best avoid drug detection throughout central America. However, when it came to trying to cross Penas Blancas, the instructions said: “May God go with you” meaning that the narco-trafficers recognized that Penas Blancas was the toughest land crossing point in Central America for them.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Repair and Maintenance

Maintenance of some equipment and repair of minor structural and drainage problems at Penas Blancas border checkpoint and Quepos Coast Guard continue to be a problem mostly due to lack of resources.

SAN SALVADOR

Background
EUM Program Coordinator

Anthony Stapleton, INL country Director, Tel. 503-2501-2430; SansiviriniEE@state.gov.

Inventory System

Inventories of all donated equipment to host government agencies are kept in electronic format, i.e., Word and Excel for both the Government of El Salvador and the INL program records.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Enrique Sansirini, assistant INL Project Manager, maintains inventory of the INL purchased and donated vehicles and other commodities provided to the Salvadorian Government; drafts equipment inspection reports; and conducts field visits to monitor use of project funds and equipment.

Other U.S. Government Agency Assistance

DEA assists the INL program with monitoring the use of resources provided to the National Civilian Police Anti-Narcotics Division (PBC/DAN) and the Special Vetted Unit of the DAN.

Counterpart Agencies

Anti-Narcotics Division of the National Civilian Police (DAN)
Transnational Anti-Gang Unit (TAG)
PNC Forensics Lab (AFIS System)
Directorate General of Prisons (DGCP)
Attorney General’s Office-Financial Investigation Unit (FIU)
Attorney General’s Office-Trafficking in Prison Unit (TIP/FGR)

Receipt

Commodities and equipment are officially transferred to the host government through a letter of donation signed by the INL Director and the head of the recipient institution.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

NAS San Salvador personally inspected ninety-nine (99) percent of the 1189 donated items subject to inspection. Post conducted 12 scheduled and 8 unscheduled on-site inspections as follows:

02/22/08 - DAN
08/25/08 - DAN
09/30/08 - DAN
05/30/08 - DAN
11/28/08 - DAN
02/28/08 - PNC/TAG
06/27/08 - PNC/TAG
09/26/08 - PNC/TAG
04/04/08 - PNC/TAG
12/05/08 - PNC/TAG
10/30/08 - PNC Forensics Lab
12/15/08 - PNC Forensics Lab
05/05/08 - DGCP/Izalco Prison
09/29/08 - DGCP/Izalco Prison
11/24/08 - DGCP/Izalco Prison
01/28/08 - DGCP/Izalco Prison
03/28/08 - Attorney General FIU
10/03/08 - Attorney General FIU
04/29/08 - Attorney General FIU
10/27/08 - Attorney General FIU

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

INL maintains perpetual contact with recipient institutions to insure the correct use of donated equipment. Regular interactions with the police, the prison system, and other recipient entities allow the informal inspections, queries, and impromptu progress reports. Small amounts of donated equipment located at remote regional offices have not been personally inspected but rather accounted for by recipient agency’s property management offices.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Financial Investigative Unit 
Toyota Echo  1  


Trafficking in Persons Unit 
Mitsubishi Mirageo  1  


Antinarcotics Division of the National Civilian Police 
Chevrolet Blazer  
Ford E-350 van  
GMC truck  
Toyota Tacomo  
Ford Truck  
Nissan Patrol  
Chevrolet Suburban  
Nissan Altima  1  


Vessel Inventory

National Civilian Police 
Zodiac  1  


Uniforms and Field Gear

Fourteen (14) inflatable vests and fourteen (14) ACR strobe lights donated to the Salvadorian Navy are in good condition and being used for the purpose of the donation.

One set of Night Vision Goggles, one photo camera, one video camera and one set of binoculars were donated for surveillance purposes to the Financial Investigation Unit of the PNC. It works in combined investigation processes with the Salvadorian Customs Office. The equipment is in good condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

INL San Salvador purchased material to build five (5) barricades for the PNC Anti-Riot Unit. These barricades were located on the streets surrounding the U.S. Embassy.

The JICC received fifty-six (56) chairs, one (1) conference table, twenty (20) office lamps, one (1) sofa, one (1) loveseat, one (1) chair, two (2) end tables and one (1) coffee table.

The DAN K-9 Unit received four (4) digital recorders, four (4) video cameras, twenty-three (23) photo cameras, twenty-six (26) scanners and twenty-six (26) camera tripods.

San Salvador purchased fifty-six chairs, one conference table, and twenty office lamps for use at the Anti-Narcotics Division of the Police. The equipment is in good condition and being used for the purpose of the donation.

The laser-tattoo-removal machine is used to assist gang demobilization efforts. It initially functioned poorly but is currently operating at optimal levels.

The video and digital cameras and fax machines donated to the Police and to the Attorney General’s Office are in excellent condition and are being used for their intended purposes.

The fifty-six (56) chairs and one conference table donated to the JICC are in good condition and used for the purpose of the donation.

One (1) photocopier, one (1) fax machine and one (1) air conditioner were donated to the Anti-Narcotics Office of the Comalapa International Airport.

Ten (10) bunk beds and six (6) lockers were donated to the K-9 unit.

INL San Salvador purchased material to build five barricades for the Anti-Riot Units of the National Civilian Police. These barricades are located on the surrounding streets of the US Embassy.

The Special Group of the Anti-Narcotics Division (GEAN) was provided three video cameras and six photo cameras for surveillance purposes. Raid jackets were also provided to the DAN officers.

A Laser Tattoo Removal Machine used to assist gang demobilization efforts is operating at an acceptable level.

Program Impact
Vehicles

The vehicle for the Attorney TIP unit has enabled it to coordinate with PNC and other authorities in remote areas of the country and to access border inspection posts at international frontiers where instances of trafficking are likely to come to light.

The vehicles of the PNC/DFAN have provided the Anti-Narcotics Police with basic mobility for routine operations, as well as transport for surveillance, special enforcement actions, and development of investigative leads. The vehicles also empower the PNC/DAN to more effectively cooperate with USG law enforcement entities.

Computer Equipment

The PNC/DAN computers enable the PNC/DAN to track cases, maintain databases and spreadsheets on operations and seizures and to share information with USG counterparts.

Computers for the PNC school allow the units to track canine health records, maintain control of scheduled rotations and deployments, monitor operating expenses, and share information with USG counterparts.

Computers for the PNC/TAG used in connection with INL-provided Analyst Notebook software, allow the PNC/TAG to process operational law enforcement information to produce summaries and link charts, trace connections amongst cases, redevelop operational leads, and disseminate information on transnational street gang activity with USG law enforcement counterparts.

Computers for the PNC Forensics Lab will allow the PNC to rapidly compose, process, and disseminate biometric information on criminal suspects.

Computers for the Attorney General FIU allow the FIU to compile, analyze process, achieve, and disseminate information on suspect instances of financial crime. The computers are also used to produce evidentiary packages in support of criminal prosecutions.

Computers for the Attorney General FIU allow the FIU to compile, analyze, process, archive and disseminate information on suspect instances o financial crime. The computers are also used to produce evidentiary packages in support of criminal prosecutions.

Computers for the PNC Benevolence Welfare Unit support the basic office functions of the PNC unit tasked with providing support to the PNC offices and family members of slain PNC officers.

Computers for PREVEE Drug Demand NGO help to produce materials for outreach, collaboration, and other aspects of drug demand reduction for Salvadoran civil society.

Canines

The dogs purchased for the PNC/DAN K-9 unit (11 narcotics detection, 4 bulk currency detection) are at the forefront of anti-narcotics operations in San Salvador. K-9 teams deployed to Comalapa International Airport, the El Amatillo and La Hachadura border inspection station and the international maritime post at Acajutla have played vital roles in both the legal narcotics and bulk currency seizures. Stemming from routine inspections, they have also been successfully used to get information received via other channels. As such, the PNC/DAN K-9 units must be seen as a primary tool in USG counternarotics assistance.

Forensic Equipment

The AFIS system represents a potentially huge improvement for forensic investigations, allowing the PNC to build a reliable biometric database that can be accessed in a fast and secure way to search for individual records. The AFIS will also enable U.S. law enforcement agencies to search and match files with Salvadorian counterparts.

Communications Equipment

INL has 50 portable radios and one base unit at Izalco prison. This equipment permits the prison security units to coordinate activities within the facility and to improve security conditions and safety for staff and inmates.

Surveillance Equipment

Donated video and photo cameras have helped TAG officers perform surveillance and monitoring of gang members pursuant to ongoing investigations.

Vessels

The Zodiac boat has increased the DAN’s operational capabilities especially in areas of difficult access such as the Salvadorian coastline and adjacent marshes.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

PNC/DAN has two INL-donated, obsolete vehicles. INL will schedule a meeting with the head of PNC/DAN shortly to discuss the mechanism for disposal of the vehicles.

TEGUCIGALPA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Gregory Morrison, Tel: 504-236-9320 ext. 4394, morrisongrstate.gov

Inventory System

To identify and track donated equipment, post enters every item or service into the NAS office Access database, identifying its location, value, recipient, donation date, and full description.

Staff EUM Monitoring Responsibilities

Lourdes Guillen, NAS Training Specialist, is responsible for conducting on-site inspections, communicating with the different recipient agencies to be aware of any problem of achievement, and preparing the EUM report. Cynthia Licona, Admin Assistant, provides support when needed.

Other U.S. Agency Assistance

The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) conducts reviews to verify the condition and use of resources provided to the Vetted unit.

Counterpart Agencies

The following Directorate and units from the Honduran National Police (HNP) are recipients of USG-provided assets:

National Direction of Special Services Investigation (DNSEI)
National Direction of Criminal Investigation (DNIC)
National Direction of Special Preventive Service (DNSEP)
National Direction of Preventive Police (DNPP)
Joint Information Communication Center (CEINCO)
Division Against Abuse Trafficking, and Sexual Exploitation of Internal Affairs (IA)

The following offices at the Public Ministry (PM) are also recipients of USG-provided assets:

Organized Crime Unit (OCU)
Human Rights Prosecution Office
Unit for Causes of Foreign Citizens

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

During 2008, six counterpart sites and six cities were visited. A total of 662 items were subject to inspection. Sixty percent (60%) of the donated items were physically inspected. On-site inspections are conducted at different check point locations, border crossings, and police headquarters units to monitor donations. Three scheduled and five unscheduled inspections were performed at the following locations:

01/16/2008 - Public Ministry, Tegucigalpa.
01/17/2008 - DATESI, Tegucigalpa
11/24/2008 - DNSEI facilities, border crossings
02/04/2008 - CEINCO, Tegucigalpa.
02/13/2008 - DNSEI Pavana check point, Pan American Highway.
09/04/2008 - DNSEP Prison Facility, Pedro Sula.
10/20/2008 - DNSEP Prison Facility, Tamara.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Discussions were held with host government officials to check on the status of INL-funded resources at the following counterpart sites: DNSEI Tegucigalpa Headquarters, DNSEI north western region. The communications equipment donated for the National Automated Case Management Information System (NACMIS) was verified with the officer-in-charge. About forty (40) percent of donated items were monitored using secondary methods.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Two Chevrolet pickups and one Chevrolet Blazer were donated to DSEI Tegucigalpa headquarters in 2003, one Chevrolet van in 2004, and one Jeep Cherokee in 2006. They are being used to support different units of the Police Directorate in their regular day-to-day work.

The Special Vetted Unit project maintains possession of three Ford Ranger pickups and one Chevrolet pickup donated in 2005. They are used to carry out monitoring, surveillance, and seizures. Two are not in working condition, and two are in fair condition. At the end of 2008, a donation letter for the transfer of two Ford Exployers was signed. Vehicles will be in the possession of the GOH once the process of transfer of ownership is completed.

One vehicle was donated to the Police Intelligence Project in 2005. This vehicle is used by members of the Polygraph Unit that conducts polygraph tests in different locations nationwide. The vehicles are in good condition.

Eight motorcycles were donated to the Border Control Interdiction Unit (DNSEI) in 2004. Five were assigned to the headquarters in Tegucigalpa and three to the Guasaule border crossing and the Pavana checkpoint. Motorcycles are used to support different units of the Police Directorate, and transport Frontier Police personnel within different checkpoints. One was stolen while on duty; two are not in working condition; and five are in fair condition.

Border Control Interdiction (DNSEI) 
Pickup  
SUV  
Van   
SUV  
Motorcycle  7  


Special Vetted Unit 
Ford Ranger  
Chevrolet Pickup  
Ford Exployer   2  


Vessels

Four boats donated to the Border Control/Interdiction (DNSEI) in 2003 are irreparable and need to be removed from inventory.

Communications Equipment

In 2006, communications equipment devices (e.g. dual bands, Tripp lutes, catalyst switches, patch panels) were donated to the HNP as part of the National Automated Case Management Information System (NACMIS) project. Phase II of the plan called “interconnectivity of Information/systems-remote Access” began in 2007 and was completed in 2008 with the installation, configuration, and testing of all devices and data transmission equipment that are part of the project expansion. Additional switches, and another 13 units of the Department of the Ministry of Security located nationwide were connected. NACMIS is used by different units of the Department of the Ministry of Security and the main investigations to access criminal files, arrest warrants, stolen vehicles, and weapons registration among others.

Four portable radios were provided to the Panama Checkpoint (DNSEI) in 2005. Radios were not working due to flaws in the antenna of the company that provides the service. Six portable radios were provided in 2005 to the Guassaule Border Crossing (DNSEI), Radios were working properly and being used to coordinate efforts to interdict and report smuggling of goods and people from Nicaragua. Six portable radios were donated to DNSEI in 2008; two were assigned to el Amarillo Border Crossing; and four to the Pavana checkpoint. Out of these four, two are not working and the rest are in good condition. They are being used for the police officers on duty during shifts.

Twenty-five radios, including antennas and three base consoles were provided to DNSEP; and were assigned to the National Penitentiary located in Tamaa; ten to the prison in San Pedro Sula, and five to the prison in Juticalpa. All radios are in excellent condition and are used for the prison guards to be in permanent communications within the prisons.

Communications Equipment

Thirteen desktop computers and three printers were provided to the Organized Crime Unit (OCU) in 2005. Two computers were destroyed in a fire two years ago, and the rest of the equipment is in fair condition. Four desktop computers, four printers, and one scanner were provided to the Human Rights Prosecution Office in 2006. This equipment is used to carry out its administrative work. The equipment is in good condition.

DNIC received two desktop computers, two printers, one scanner, three internal hard drives, and four Dell modules for Power Edge in 2006, and two Dell servers, and one software ISA server in 2008. The equipment is being used to increase the storage capability of information. Equipment donated in 2006 is in good condition, and the one donated in 2008 is in excellent condition.

The TIP Unit at DNSEI was provided with fifteen desktop computers, four laptops, fifteen printers, four scanners, three printers, and three copy machines in 2005; four printers in 2006; four wireless cards and one wireless router in 2007. The equipment is used to investigate TIP cases. The status of the equipment donated in 2005 shows that one laptop is missing; all printers are no longer functioning and rest is in good condition. Computer equipment donated in 2006 and 2007 are also in good condition. Two desktop computers, with sound amplification systems donated to DARESI in 2006 are in fair condition and are used to keep records of TIP cases and conduct training. The Preventive Police Office located in Bay Ireland was provided with two digital cameras and one video camera in 2008. These cameras are used for surveillance. The equipment is in excellent condition.

One laptop, two desktops and one printer were provided to the Pavana Checkpoint in 2006; three digital cameras, three camcorders and three digital media recorders were provided in 2008. The equipment is used to keep a better control of vehicles and people passing through this important checkpoint. The condition of the equipment donated in 2006 is good and the status of the equipment donated in 2008 is excellent. One desktop computer and one printer were donated to the Guasaule Border Crossing in 2006. This equipment is used to keep records; its condition is good. El Amatillo Border Crossing was provided with two desktop computers, one laptop and two laptop batteries in 2007. The equipment has the NACMIS installed and is being used to verify information. The status of this equipment is good. Border crossings and checkpoints located in the northwestern region received two laptops, five desktops, seven printers, nine DVD camcorders, nine digital cameras, two digital media records, and thee binoculars in 2008. The equipment is used for border control and interdiction operations. This equipment is in excellent condition.

During 2006, the polygraph unit at CEINCIO was provided with three MP3 players, four laptops with OEM software, two printers, one fax, and one scanner. The equipment is used to conduct polygraph tests at the request of different units of the National Honduran Police. Equipment is in good condition. CEINCO received two voice recorders, two camcorders, one digital cameo, and three USB’ in 2006; two laptops iBase Designer software, Analyst’s Notebook, one tower sever, three digital cameras, one multimedia projector, one projection screen and one DVD player were donated in 2007. The equipment is used to collect and analyze information related to organized crime, especially drug trafficking. All equipment is working properly and is in good condition.

Four desktop computers, four printers, four scanners, four digital cameras, and one router were provided to the Joint Task Force in 2008. This task force is formed by different units of the Honduran National Police. It is located at the International Airport. The equipment is used for registration control of suspect passengers and is in excellent condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The Ion scanner transferred to the DEA in 2007 has not been repaired.

A metal detector was donated to the DNSEP in 2008. It is located In the Juticlpa Prison. It is used for inspection of visitors. The machine is in excellent condition.

The following additional equipment was provided to DNSEP in 2008: one water pump, mattresses, footlockers were provided to the Central Penal Sanpedrano; one water pump, mattress, footlocker, and tactical gloves were provided to the Juticalpa prison; one water pump mattress, foolockers and tactical gloves were provided to the Penitenciaria Marco Aurelio Goto. The equipment was provided to improve the living conditions of the prison guards.

Status-Services

Construction Projects

A vehicle inspection ramp at the Pavana checkpoint was built in 2007. This ramp is being used by the Frontier Police to thoroughly inspect the undercarriage of the vehicles.

Communication towers were completed in the following locations:

Paraná
Puerto Cortes
El Durazno

Demand Reduction Services

Combat TIP, through training, sensitizing government officials and other stockholders about Trafficking-in-Persons, particularly of adult women international Organization for Migration (IOM) is building capacity to assist victims of trafficking funded with a grant. Through a grant, Catholic Relief Services (CRS) is raising awareness about human trafficking prevention in key border and urban areas of Honduras.

A grant was implemented with Federacion de Organizaciones ara el Desarrollo de Honduras to promote academic tutoring, formation of civil and ethical values, skills and community service among youth that are or have been gang members.

Other Professional Services

A review and reform of the curriculum of the National Police Academy, improves the professionalism of the police through specialized courses.

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

The installation of NACMIS in more police stations around the country has connected HNP units in real time with main offices of the DNIC. Most of the kidnappings solved by the police in the North Region of Honduras were achieved with the information achieved from NACMIS. The first day NACMIS was installed in one of the police posts covering the main exit roads of Tegucigalpa, four individuals that had arrest warrants were captured. Over 23 million records can be accessed for criminal investigations.

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment donated to CEINCO and its Polygraph Unit assisted them in conducting 471 polygraph tests on members of the HNP and applicants to the National Police Academy in 2008. The equipment provided to the Joint Task Force located in Toncont International Airport led to verification of intelligence. Two million dollars in cash was seized as a result. Laptops provided to the different border crossings and checkpoints have the NASMIS installed and are used daily in road operations leading to the arrest of many individuals that have arrests warrants. With the equipment provided to DATESI, 17, 200 people including police prosecutors, judges and children from schools were trained against abuse, trafficking, and sexual exploitation in 2008.

Vehicles

The Vetted Unit vehicles were used in surveillance and monitoring of several people, which helped collect intelligence information, resulting in significant seizures of drugs and chemical precursors.

Construction Services

At the vehicle inspection ramp located in Pavana, an average of 70 vehicles per week are checked. One of the most recent results was the seizure of $26,000 that was found in the left door panel of a pickup. Without the communication towers, information sharing in real time would not be possible.

Demand Reduction Services

A Protocol for Repatriation of children and adolescent victims vulnerable to Trafficking in Persons was presented. The National Police, the Public Ministry, the Direction of Migration and Civil Society are taking steps forward to combat TIP.

Professional Services

A Police Academy Adviser developed a diagnosis of the General Direction of Police Education. Advice was provided to all directors of the different police training centers, and a standardization curriculum was proposed. Furthermore, 351 Honduran police officers were trained in specialized areas, such as crime scene investigation, police ethics, crisis management, organized crime and drug trafficking, police intervention, operational planning and domestic violence.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Unmonitored resources

Due to staff shortages, not all items donated in prior years could be inspected in 2008. Some items are being used by law enforcement in the field. Communication with the different recipient agencies is constant and any problem or achievement is immediately reported.

Lack of Use of Commodities

While conducting a visit to Penitenciaria Nacional Marco Aurelio Soto, mattresses donated for the prison guards were not being used because the windows of the barracks had no glass, and rain frequently flooded the entire room. The NAS spoke with the prison authorities who pledged to make the necessary arrangements. Subsequent exterior inspections show that glass was installed in the window.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

The lack of a budget to maintain and repair vehicles and equipment such as computers and printers continues to be a problem for the HNP. In many cases, equipment is being used in remote, undeveloped tropical locations which accelerate deterioration. Electrical supply is often poor, causing premature wear and tear on electrical devices. Such conditions are unavoidable and out of post’s control. Representatives in the field express great appreciation for the donations but post needs to secure buy-in from the leadership and ensure they make the hard budgeting decisions needed to maintain the donations.

VANCOUVER

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

G. Kathleen Hill, Tel. 604-642-6659; hillgK@state.gov

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Political /Economic Chief

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

No on-site inspections were done due to staffing shortages and undercover use of the equipment.

Other Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

ICE holds periodic discussion with RCMP regarding the use and condition of the vessel.

Status-Commodities

A MKII Twin Diesel vessel was obtained by ICE through forfeiture and given to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) in 2002. It is moored in Vancouver, British Colombia, Canada. It is used for undercover narcotics interdiction efforts. RCMP maintains the vessel in excellent condition.

Program Impact

In 2008, the vessel had a positive impact on the INL program through its use in undercover operations.



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