Posts uses letters of transfers as well as transfer and acceptance acts to document the provisions of the items to counterpart agencies.
On-site InspectionsOver the course of the year, post conducted End Use Monitoring of the equipment delivered in prior years in conjunction with separate programs, including meetings, training events, site visits and follow up trips. On-site inspections, provided equipment, and other requested information is detailed below by program.
The INL Program manager was unable to perform on-site inspections of the equipment provided within the crime statistics program in 2008. Due to the vast size of the country and the cost of travel, it was not feasible to visit each office to which computers were transferred. However, post discussed the status of INL-funded resources with the Procurator General’s Office in Astana and received confirmation that all equipment was received and operational. The INL Program Manager collected a title transfer document from each confirming the receipt of equipment. Using secondary methods, 100% of the transferred property was inspected.
Computer EquipmentIn conjunction with the program to strengthen the capacity of the MVD CN Training Center in Almaty, post provided 17 computers, one notebook computer, one projector, one HP laser jet, and interpretation and conference equipment on October 16, 2008. The computer lab is being used for training in counter-narcotics techniques through the use of the software developed by the center and software developed by the Turkish Academy on Combating Drugs and Organized Crime (TADOC), provided and installed by UNDOC.
Post verified that a 4WD minivan provided to the Border Guard Service of the Committee for National Security (BGS) on the Kazakhstani-Uzbec border in October 2008 was in operation. The minivan was observed being used to transport inspectors to a training event on July 10. The other three minivans are used at the Kazygurt, Tolebi and B Konysbayev border checkpoints.
Two additional 4WD UAZ minivans delivered to the Kazakhstani-Turkmen border in March 2007 are used to respond to border incidents, to transport staff during shift changes, and to transport potable water to checkpoints. The minivans are located in the desert area at the Temirbaba and Tazhen checkpoints.
|Border Guard Service|
Within the enhancing Immigration and Border Control on the land Border of Kazakhstan project implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), INL funded the renovation and provision of equipment for a training center in the Uralsk Border Control Division in 2008. IOM hired a local construction company to do all necessary renovation work, which included installation of doorways and replacement of flooring. The INL office and Program Manager attended the opening of the center on November 3. The center is complete and fully equipped for training events
IOM renovated the kitchen and veterinary premises of the Canine Center of the KNB Military Institute. The INL program manager inspected the premises on January 12, 2009, and found the renovations complete and up to standards. Post plans to purchase veterinary equipment for the Canine Center.
The use of the vehicles enables the BGS to get potable water to the field and for border patrols to transport offices during shift changes to
The recipients of technical assistance are happy with the quality of dogs they received and the knowledge acquired at the Austrian Canine Center in 2008. Upon his return, an instructor from the KNB Military Institute trained one cadet and two instructors. The Military Institute is changing its canine curriculum. In the previous curriculum, searching for drugs made up only 5% of the curriculum and was covered in a theoretical manner. Seventy percent of the new curriculum will be devoted to searching for drugs and will include practical exercises.
The Forensics Lab in Almaty conducted 12 training sessions in the INL-furnished computer classroom. The infrared spectrometer produced 680 chromatograms since 2005. The gas chromatograph was used for 500 analyses over the nine months since it was repaired. Methods for the use of the liquid chromatograph are being developed, but it has been used to produce 50 chromatograms.
Repair and Maintenance
The defective SABRE 34000 hand-held drug detector has not been returned to Germany for repair. Because of a radioactive element to the equipment, special handling is required and post is unable to use the diplomatic pouch or hand carry the equipment during the travel through Germany. Post is contracting a specialized shipping company to return the equipment for repair.
Inger Tanghorn 993-312-350045 ext. 2257: email@example.com
Post does not use a spreadsheet to track and record INL-funded resources, because post has donated very little in the way of non-expendable equipment. Post files copies of the end user certificates and uses those to track resources when post conducts its inspections/inventories.
The recipient signs the End User Certificate for the received items, which certifies that the recipient will not use the items for other than their intended purpose; resell, pass or otherwise dispose of any of the articles/data to a different agency inside or outside the country or to any other person.
On-site InspectionsOne on-site inspection was performed on February 25, 2008 at the CRC facility. Two gas chromatographs and a mass spectrometer, as well as two light vehicles, were inspected. All donated items were personally inspected and accounted for.
The INL Assistant conversed with host government officials on the status on INL-funded resources.
Computer EquipmentDuring 2004-2006, INL provided computer equipment, including desktop computers, printers, digital cameras, video recorders, scanners, a copy machine, fax machine, laptop computer, and a projector to the Criminal Research Center (CRC) of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the State Forensic Service (SFS) of the Ministry of Justice. In 2006, the latter agency was dismantled and its functions and INL equipment were transferred to CRC. All equipment is in good working condition and used for the purpose intended.
|Criminal Research Center|
|VAZ 211002 LADA||2|
Demand Reduction ServicesINL funded Drug Demand Reduction Program (DDRP) was launched on September 2008, implemented by the Red Crescent Society of Turkmenistan. The DDRP has opened its branches in five provinces of Turkmenistan with headquarters in Ashgabat. For the past five months, they have conducted public outreach campaigns, published anti-drug brochures and leaflets, conducted seminars and recruited volunteers for peer-to-peer trainings.
In October 2008, twenty law enforcement officials graduated from the second round of a ten-month English Language Training Program funded by INL. The third round started in December with 32 law enforcement officers from eight different law enforcement agencies.
VehiclesThe two light VAZ LADA vehicles are used by the CRC for daily office needs and operations as well as travel to crime scene.
One article was analyzed following the September 2008 shootings in the “Hitrovka” suburb of Ashgabat, an incident that received international press coverage.
Repair and Maintenance of CommoditiesMaintenance of the gas chromatograph and mass spectrometer continues to be a problem because the CRC lacks resources and technicians with skills needed to conduct repairs. The nearest Agilent Regional Service Center is located Tashkent. which is causing problems in arranging immediate service calls. The CRC lacks basic chemical solvents like methanol, chloroform and pump oil, which are not available at the local markets. The gas chromatographer, which should ideally be left on at all times is in fact switched on only when needed, because the CRC’s limited supply of helium gas needed to operate the chromatographer.
EUM Program Coordinator
Virginia Sher Ramadan, +961-04/542600 ext. 4368, firstname.lastname@example.org
Post records the distribution of donated equipment with an Excel Spreadsheet.
Staff Member Responsibilities
The INL Coordinator, Aline Chamichian, maintains equipment database and prepares the DSP 83s for signing by the INL Director and Security Agency recipient. The U.S. INL Management Officer in Lebanon, Brent Pfundheller, inspects and monitors the donated equipment for the ISF and the INL Lebanon Police Program.
The Internal Security Forces (ISF) and the Lebanese Directorate of General Security (DGS) are the recipients of INL-donated resources.
A letter of receipt is in place between the host government agencies and the USG; donated equipment is documented with a DSP-83 and an End Use Agreement, signed by an agent from the receiving agency and the INL Director.
12/11/2008 - ISF Helou Station
12/12/2008 - ISF Helou Station
12/24/2008 - ISF Helou Station
12/11/2008 - ISF Dbaye Station
12/12/2008 - ISF Dbaye Station
12/22/2008 - ISF Dbaye Station
12/15/2008 - ISF Saida HQ
12/16/2008 - ISF Saida HQ
12/17/2008 - ISF Tripoli HQ
12/18/2008 - ISF Tripoli HQ
12/22/2008 - ISF Warehouses: Verdun/Achraqfish
12/22/2008 - ISF ISF Mobile Forces HQ
12/23/2008 - ISF Judicial Police HQ
12/23/2008 - ISF Security of Embassy HQ
12/29/2008 - Achrafish
12/30/2008 - Achrafish
12/30/2008 - Jounich
12/30/2008 - ISF Byblos
01/05/2009 - ISF Baabda Main
01/05/2009 - ISF Baabda Emergency
01/08/2009 - Zahle HQ
01/09/2009 - Zahle HQ
01/13/2009 - Mt. Lebanon HQ
01/14/2009 - Mt. Labanon HQ
01/15/2009 - Mt. Lebanon HQ
VehiclesThree hundred (300) Dodge Chargers, 60 Ford Exployers, and 14 APC were donated to the Internal Security Forces (ISF). The Chargers are used throughout Lebanon; the Explorers are used in Beirut for all of ISF Police functions, traffic patrol, etc.; the APC’s are used with the ISF Mobile Forces for high risk movement of police personnel. A small percentage of the vehicles were damaged due to vehicle collisions. The ISF has a good maintenance program for their vehicles and has learned the value of following the manufacturer’s recommendations. All of the vehicles are in excellent condition.
|Internal Security Forces|
Construction ServicesThe following construction projects completed in 2008 were inspected:
Unmonitored ResourcesThere were 14 Dodge vehicles that were not inspected. Seven of the vehicles were assigned to the security detail of the Prime Minister, President, or Speaker of Parliament and were not available for inspection. The others were either called to an assignment when they were scheduled to be inspected or were disabled in the outlying regions of Lebanon.
These projects allow for an expanded, more efficient and more effective teaching environment for the ISF cadets and the American instructors.
Repair and Maintenance of Commodities
EUM Program Coordinator
John McCann, INL Projects “engineer, x992 907 521025, email@example.com
Khurshed Musoev, x992 907 000700, firstname.lastname@example.org
INL Dushanbe uses an Excel spreadsheet to maintain inventory. Post hopes to have a server-based inventory downloaded to post’s stand-alone computer in 2009. Pending action from post’s IRM office, INL Dushanbe will download and use the program material inventory software from NAS Lima which will provide electronic record keeping capability.
Staff Member Responsibilities
Three local INL Program Managers, one DOJ/RLA Program Manager, and one INL Project Manager are responsible for monitoring the equipment donated to the projects. Program managers maintain an internal record of donated goods and periodically request detailed inventories from the receiving agencies. Regular monitoring of INL-supported projects provides an on-going opportunity for specific End Use Monitoring, program evaluation, and identification of additional ways to increase program effectiveness.
Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD), including Counternarcotics Department
Trafficking-in-Persons Unit (TIP Unit)
Analytical Center, and Police Academy
Drug Control Agency under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan (DCA),
including SCNS headquarters,
SCNS Training Academy
SCNS Analytical Center
BG Training Academy
BG Zastqvas (Border outposts)
BG Ports of Entry, and Airport Security Department
State Committee for National Security (SCNS) and Main Department of Border
Guards Forces (BG) including SCNS headquarters
SCNS Training Academy,
SCNS Analytical Center,
BG Training Academy,
BG Zastavas (Border Outposts)
BG Ports of Entry
Airport Security Department
Ministry of Justice, including the Judicial Training Center
INL Dushanbe procedures for equipment transfers require the GOTI end-user agency to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for all INL-provided equipment. The MOU specifies the item donated, the quantity, description, intended use, and its location.
INL Dushanbe inspected 100% of over 400 items subject to inspection. They performed on-site inspections as follow;
09/15/2008 - Khudjand, Pendjikent, Shurabad, GBAO
10/15/2008 - Khudjand, Pendjikent, Shurabad, GBAO
11/15/2008 - Khudjand, Pendjikent, Shurabad, GBAO
The percentage of personally inspected donated items was 100 percent.
Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status
Post used comparison of records as a secondary method of assessing resource status. Post had discussions with the head of International Department of Border Guards, the head of Mobile Teams of Drug Control Agency and the head of the Logistics Department of the Ministry of Interior. Ten (10) percent of donated items were monitored using secondary methods.
Since 2005, post has provided equipment to host government institutions located throughout Tajikistan. These institutions include the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Drug Control Agency, and the State Committee for National Security with separate provisions to the Border Guards which are a sub-unit of the Committee for National Security.
INL provided the following gym equipment to the Drug Control Agency so that Mobile Teams could maintain physical conditioning: plates 45 lb, Hex dumbbells with Ergo grip 101 lb; Star track bicycle, Landice running track, Kettler Delta 300 Power Station, U.S. Strength Olympic 4 in 1 Bench, U.S. Strength Olympic incline Bench, U.S. Strength Adjustable Decline, U.S. Strength Arm curl Bench, U.S Strength 45-dgree hyperextension, chin Dip Vertical Knee Raise. The checks show that the equipment is being property maintained.
The INL procured 10,000 uniforms for Border Guard troops serving on the Tajik-Afghan border, including one thousand sets designed specifically for the severe winter conditions of the GBAO area. The checks showed that the equipment is being property used and maintained.
INL provided the counternarcotics Department two video cameras, three photo cameras, three CT-30 kits, three NVB8 Gen IIIA Night Shadow binoculars, three Steiner binoculars, ten Galls 16MB digital voice recorders w/wireless microphones, two “Command Bar” sound amplifiers, three Olympus digital voice recorders WS-310M with earplugs SME-TP3CX, three Parabolic dishes “Detect Ear”, two UNIDEN “Bearcat” scanners BC350C, five UNIDEN trunk tracker radio scanners, three Garmin 72 GPS units, three inspection mirrors, one Panasonic KX-FC233RU fax machine, one Samsung air-conditioner, three HP LaserJet printers, one Canon LV 5220 projector, one projector screen, five WP wide angle 10X50 binoculars, ten Garrett hand-held super scanners, fifteen RBR combat MKII ballistic helmets, one T600 safe, and four T700 safes. The checks showed that the equipment is being property used and maintained.
INL provided the Drug Control Agency three video cameras, four photo cameras, three CT-30 kits, fifteen WP wide angle 10x50 binoculars, ten Garrett handheld super scanners, five D221 generation II binoculars, three “Detect Ear” snap-together parabolic dishes, nine RBR combat MKII ballistic helmets, five Gall’s 16 MB Digital voice recorders with wireless microphones, four “Command Ear” sound amplifiers, two Steiner 15X80 Military binoculars, five inspection mirrors, five T700 safes, seven NVB-8 Gen III 64LP/MN 5d Night Vision binoculars, four portable held GPS’, eleven Motorola professional two-way UHF radios, three Bearcat 350A scanners, one refrigerator, and one air-conditioner. The checks showed that the equipment is being properly used and maintained.
INL provided to the Border Guard headquarters fifteen Garrett hand-held super scanners, sixty RBR combat MKII ballistic helmets, and five safes. The checks showed that the equipment is being property used and maintained.
INL provided one hundred and sixty pieces of furniture for the Khirmanjo border outpost. Until the reconstruction works are completed, all the furniture is stored at the sealed Department of the Border Guards warehouse.
INL provided the following equipment to “Bog” border outpost; one Steiner binocular, one NVD 221 Generation 2 binocular, and one night shadow Generation 3 binocular.
INL provided the following equipment to Shurabad Otryad number 8: one Steiner binocular, one NVD 221 Generation 2 binocular, and one night shadow Generation 3 binocular.
INL provided the following equipment to “Sarigor” border outpost: one Steiner binocular, one NVD 221 Generation 2 binocular, and one Night Shadow Generation 3 binocular.
INL provided the following furniture and equipment to the Nizhnily Pyandj Port of Entry (Border Guards and Customs); 13 armchairs, 11 folding couches, 48 desks, 73 tables for meals, ten file cabinets, two coffee tables, eight bookcases, 18 wardrobes, 220 chairs with folding pads, 48 office chairs, three ironing boards, three irons, 11 iron safes, ten radiators, 40 iron beds, 35 foot lockers, 40 mattresses, 36 stools, four examination desks, 30 soft chairs. The checks showed that the equipment is being properly used and maintained.
INL provided the following equipment to the State Committee on National Security headquarters: one Night Shadow NVB8 Gen, 3 Night Vision goggles, three Olympus digital voice recorder WS-310M with earplugs SME-TP3CX, two Garmin GPS 72, one UNIDEN scanner bearcat BC350C, one D221 BN-079 Generation 2 binocular, two inspection mirrors, two “Detect Ear” AP330 parabolic dishes, two Steiner binoculars item number 415, ten Galls 16MB digital voice recorder w/wireless microphones AP424, eight “Command Ear”sound amplifiers, ten UNIDEN trunk tracker radio scanners. The equipment is being properly used and maintained.
INL provided an electrical transformer to insure continuous electricity support for the equipment provided. The equipment is being property used and maintained.
INL provided the Trafficking-in-Persons Unit (TIP) with ten WP wide angle 10x50 binoculars, ten Garret hand-held super scanners, and ten combat ballistic helmets, all of which were accounted for and are in good working condition.
INL provided the Forensic Lab with the following equipment: Millipore water purifier, “Atlas Copco” air compressor, Nexus 670 Nicolet FTIR Spectrometer, Parker Model 75045-12 FTIR Purge Gas Generator, HP 4050 LaserJet printer, Epson Stylus color 100 printer APC Power UPS, Parker Balston FIO Gas generator, Parker Balston Nitrogen Generator, Agilent 6890 Series GC system, Economy Starter kit, 5000 VA voltage regulator, 7000 VA voltage regulator, 110x220 VA voltage two Canon LBP sensus printers. The equipment is being properly used and maintained.
INL provided the fingerprint Lab with the following equipment: five HP Scan Jet 4370 scanners, one HP Laser jet 1320 printer, and nine WV-1000 voltage regulators. The checks shows that the equipment is being properly used and maintained.
|TIP Organized Crime Department|
|Toyota Camry Grande SPL||1|
The following construction projects completed in 2008 were inspected:
MVD Analytical Center, Dushanbe
CN Department Training room
MVD Forensic Lab, including training room
Drug Control Agency Mobile Teams facility
Drug Control Agency Mobile Teams Gym, including the room
State Committee on National Security Training Academy fifth floor
MVD Police Academy third floor including the roof
The following constructions were started in 2008:
MVD Police Academy first and second floor renovation (10%)
MVD Police Academy window replacement (5 %)
Demand Reduction Services
INL Dushanbe funded and organized the Drug Demand Reduction Program through sport. This program aims to stopping drug addiction at its source by bringing drug demand reduction information to young people in their school. This program complemented other U.S. counternarcotics initiatives aimed at improvements in traditional narcotics interdiction and law enforcement institution-building. This project targets high school students in the country to promote a healthy and drug-free lifestyle through peer-to-peer interaction. Karate champions speak at select schools on the negative aspects of drug use and serve as positive role-models for leading a drug-free lifestyle. INL donated a tatami mat to Karate Federation for drug free life style as part of drug demand reduction program.
The Government of Tajikistan uses all resources provided in an effective manner. Regular arrests of drug traffickers and the seizure of kilos of drugs over several months are excellent examples of how the GOTI law enforcement agencies are making progress in their fight against drug trafficking and related crime. Overall, law enforcement and security ministries contributing to management of border smuggling and organized crime have demonstrated greater capacity and willingness to be proactive in comparison to previous year.
The Equipment donated to the MVD Forensic Lab helped MVD to better investigate and analyze evidence of drugs and other crimes providing a better legal basis for prosecution of alleged criminal.
Vehicles were used in drug related operations, including resupply of outposts, which provides mobile capability to respond to narco-trafficker incursions from Afghanistan.
Night Vision Goggles
Night Vision Goggles helped all law enforcement agencies, especially those on the Tajik-Afghan border, to control the border and to prevent drug traffickers from going through the border.
Computers helped officers develop computer skills for communication and research, to find professional information, and to use intelligence software.
Some of the equipment donated is distributed among Zastavas/border posts along the Tajik Afghan border. In the winter, it is difficult to travel to some of the border posts due to inclement weather conditions (temperatures reach minus 40 or more and snow falls of a meter are not uncommon). During the previous EUM period, there were some items that INL could not inspect. During the 2008 reporting period, INL reached all previously unmonitored equipment and included it in the current EUM report.
Other U.S. Agency Assistance
NAS/ICITAP tracks integration of the USG materials and modern law enforcement training techniques into the curriculum of the National Police Academy (NPA) and the four provincial police colleges. A database was developed to track attendance and assignments of participants of ICITAP courses.
Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) quality control measures are in effect to ensure the 10-print cards will be acceptable when AFIS goes online. Three levels of review are in place and the quality acceptance rate is over 98 percent, with a current hard-copy database of over 300,000 10-print cards.
ICITAP is working to help develop baseline quantitative and qualitative measures that can be used to help determine the effectiveness of the investigative training programs.
Counterpart Agencies & Non-Governmental Organizations
Anti Narcotics Force (ANF)
Pakistan Coast Guard (PCG)
Customs Preventive Collectorate (PC) and Customs Intelligence (CI)
DOST Welfare Foundation (DOST)
Excise Department Base
Federal Investigation Agency (FIA)
Frontier Crops Baluchistan (FC-B)
Frontier Corps North West Frontier Province (FC-NWFP)
Helipad (Emergency Relied cell, 6th squadron)
Home Department NWFP and Governors FATA Secretariat (including Narcotics
Control Cells (NCC))
Intelligence Bureau (IB)
Maritime Security Agency (MSA)
Ministry of Interior (MOI)
Ministry of Narcotics Control (MNC)
National Police Academy (NPA)
New Horizon Care Center (NHCC)
NWFP Frontier Police
On-Site InspectionsEighty-nine (89) scheduled inspections were performed at 101 counterpart sites in 57 cities. Of a total of 9,023 items subject to inspection, 72% of the items were personally inspected.
|Pakistan Ministry of Interior Aviation Program|
|UH-1H Huey II||9|
|Pakistan Ministry of Interior|
|Pakistan Custom s|
|Boston Whaler 27 foot Challenger||1|
|Single cab pickup||4|
|Double cab pickup||5|
|Single cab pickup||74|
|Double cab pickup Toyota||111|
|Double Cab pickup Isuzu||12|
|Single cab Nissan patrol||30|
|Troop carrier truck 4x2||11|
|Minibus Toyota Coaster||7|
|Water Bowzer 4x2||1|
|Frontier Corps Balochistan|
|Single cab pickup-Isuzu||282|
|Double cab pickup Isuzu||199|
|Single cab pickup Toyota||51|
|Double cab Pickup Toyota||34|
|Troop carrier 4x4||60|
|Troop carrier 2x2 Isuzu||10|
|Water Bowzer truck Himo||10|
|Recovery vehicles on Hino||3|
|Mitsubishi station wagon||5|
|Station wagon-Isuzu Rover||6|
|Station wagon-Land Cruiser||2|
|Frontier Corps NWFP|
|Single cab pickup-Isuzu||11|
|Single cab pickup Toyota||38|
|Double cab Pickup Toyota||31|
|Single cab pickup-Landcruiser||162|
|Troop carrier truck 4x2 (hino dutro)||34|
|Troop carrier 4x2(Isuzu)||160|
|Station Wagon Isuzu-Rover|
|Water Bowzer truck Isuzu 4x2||39|
|Pakistan Coast Guards|
|Single cab pickup-Isuzu||9|
|Double cab pickup Isuzu||20|
|Single cab pickup Toyota||11|
|Double cab Pickup Toyota||18|
|Troop carrier 4x2 Isuzu||5|
|Troop carier 4x2 Hino Dutto||10|
|Troop carrier 4x2-isuzu||15|
|Water Bowzer truck 4x2 Isuzu||11|
|Station Wagon Isuzu rover||1|
|Hatchback Toyota starlet||1|
|Home Department (NWFP)|
|Single cab pickup-Isuzu||56|
|Double cab pickup Isuzu||15|
|Single cab pickup Toyota||13|
|Double cab Pickup Toyota||36|
|Road Roller Sakai||2|
|Troop carrier 4x2||1|
|Mitsubishi pickup/station wagon||17|
|Toyota station wagon land cruiser||1|
|Balochistan Levies Force|
|Single cab pickup-Isuzu||24|
|Troop carrier truck 4x2||12|
|Single cab pickup-Isuzu||2|
|Double cab pickup Isuzu||6|
|Nissan Sunny sedan||9|
|Station wagon-Isuzu rover||17|
|Single cabin pickup(Toyota)||4|
|Troop Carrier 4x2 Hino dutro)||34|
|Troop carrier truck 2x2||15|
|Water Bowzer truck (Hino)||2|
|Single cab pickup Toyota||27|
|Double cab Pickup Toyota||15|
|Recovery vehicles on Hino||2|
|Mobile workshop on Hino||2|
|Single cab pickup-Toyota||4|
|Double cab pickup Toyota||54|
|Mitsubishi pickup/station wagon||2|
|Station wagon-Toyota Landcruiser suzu rover||4|
|Toyota Starlet hatchback||2|
|Special Investigative Cell|
|Double cab pickup Toyota||4|
|Mitsubishi pickup/station wagon||1|
|Station wagon-Toyota land cruisers||3|
|Hatchback Suzuki Alto||3|
|Hatchback Suzuki Mehran||1|
|Van Toyota Hiace||1|
|Ministry of Narcotics Control|
|Hatchback Suzuki Khyber||2|
|Hatchback Hyundai Shehzore||2|
|Ministry of Interior|
|Station wagon Toyota Landcruiser||2|
|Toyota Startlet hatchback||2|
|New Horizon Care Center|
|Toyota Van Hiace||3|
Construction ProjectsFor construction activities of roads and small water schemes, the NAS Engineering Section is involved from the planning and costing estimates to implementation to the final certification and payment. NAS Voucher Examiners monitor the invoices and expenses submitted. They make field visits to verify expenditures as necessary. Engineers monitor, both independently and with their counterparts, to assure contract compliance and assure the quality of construction. The roads funded through the Counternarcotics programs are monitored frequently to assure quality. For both road construction and small water schemes, NAS staff, along with the appropriate GOP department, oversee the construction and carry out a final inspection and certification at completion.
During 2008, a total of 986 acres of demonstration plots were established in Khyber Agency, 961 acres in Kala Dhaka, 456 acres in Mohmand Agency and 454 acres in Bajaur Agency.
The NAS agricultural staff participates in all agriculture activities including planning to procurement and to end user distribution. This hands-on effort ensures the procurement of quality material and its distribution to the target groups. Evaluation as to the effectiveness of the demonstration plots are prepared as crops mature.
Communications EquipmentRadio equipment provided to various law enforcement agencies has greatly enhanced command and control capabilities in the border agencies, bringing large areas within communication range. This has been possible in part due to the provision of NAS-funded HF and VHF radio equipment and timely maintenance support by NAS radio engineers.
Pakistan has made progress towards sealing its porous border with Afghanistan against in filtration and illegal passage by militants, insurgents, traffickers, and other miscreants, in part by using INL-funded vehicles. These vehicles included 4x4 troop carriers, double and single cabin pickups, station wagons, mini vans, ambulances, war bowzers, tractors, and motorcycles. Law enforcement agencies reported appropriate use of INL-funded vehicles for counternacotics and border security operations. These vehicles allow law enforcement staff to conduct surveillance, patrol border areas, pursue, apprehend and transport suspected miscreants and drug smuggles, conduct background investigations, and search for hideouts and drug storage areas.
The ANF seized 514 kg heroin, 93,668 kg hashish, 324 kg Opium, 4,145 kg Morphine base, arrested 31,660 smugglers and registered 31,217 cases during 2008. To conduct operations, the ANF mainly relies on the 462 vehicles and 235 motorcycles funded by INL.
Customs reported seizures of 184 kg heroin, 14,489 kg Hashish, 11 km Opium, 5,500 kg poppy straw and arrests of 113 traffickers. This agency used 64 INL-funded vehicles and 54 motorcycles during2008 operations.
Aircraft MaintenanceDuring the first half of the year, the fleet’s maintenance program was not properly supervised which resulted in unacceptably low operational readiness rates for Huey-II aircraft. INL/A undertook an aggressive maintenance program and within five months had fleet readiness rates back up above contract requirements. This aggressive maintenance partially accounts for the low readiness rate of the Huey-II’s in 2008. The INL/A contractor also instituted a maintenance sustainment plan to prevent future decreases in readiness. The sustainment plan includes greater emphasis on contractor manning and increased training of host nation personnel.
Afghan National Police (ANP)
Counternarcotics Police of Afghanistan (CNP-A)
Attorney General’s Office (AGO)
Ministry of Justice (MOJ)
Various Provincial Governors’ Offices
Central Prisons Directorate (CPD)
All durable items and equipment turned over to the GOA shall be the subject of a signed Transfer Agreement, specifying the number and type of items being donated, their intended use, and intended distribution or location.
On-site InspectionsThroughout the year, NAS officers and advisors conducted inspections of random samples of INL-procured items during visits to Regional Training Centers, GOA counterpart offices and other program locations.
01/15/2009 - ACAS, CNAT, Interdiction, JSSP & CSSP
01/26/2009 - JSSP, PEF, Interdiction, CNAT & ACAS
02/12/2009 - JSSP, PEF, Interdiction, CNAT & ACAS
03/01/2009 - JSSP, CSSP, PEF, CNAT, ACAS, Air Wing
There were 7,474 items subject to inspection. Twenty (20) percent of the items were personally inspected.
VehiclesINL provided a total of 419 project vehicles under its six CIVPOL contract task orders to advance program objectives to train and advise the Afghan National Police and other GOA entities. All of these vehicles remain in the temporary custody of the INL contractor and implementing partner. A total of 2,167, 842.1 miles were driven by INL project vehicles during CY-2008, an average of 5,174 miles per vehicle.
|Afghan Contractor Adviser Support|
|Ford Phoenix (armored)||8|
|Small utility vehicles||5|
|Counter narcotics Advisory Team|
|Toyota Land Cruisers (armored)||16|
|Ford F-250 (armored)||2|
|Narcotics Interdiction Unit|
|Toyota Land Cruisers (armored)||3|
|Ford F-250 (armored)||6|
|Justice Sector Support Program|
|Toyota Land Cruiser (armored)||4|
|Chevrolet Duramax cargo trucks||11|
|Corrective Systems Support Program|
|Toyota Land Cruisers||8|
|AN-72/24/26 fixed wing||1|
|DC-3 fixed wing||1|
|Afghan Contractor Civilian Advisory Support|
|M-4 bushmaster 5.56 rifle||1,733|
|M-9 baretta 9mm pistol||1,551|
|M-249 SAW 5.56mm machinegun||56|
|M-240B 7.62 mm machine gun||47|
|Barrett .50 ca. sniper rifle||20|
|M-19 Glock 9mm pistol||13|
|M-16 5.56mm rifle||11|
|M-870 12-gal shotgun||11|
|MP-5 9mm machine gun||1|
|M-4 bushmaster 5.56 rifle||6|
|M-9 baretta 9mm pistol||5|
|Justice Sector Support Program|
|AK-47 7.62mm assault rifle||24|
|Helwan 9mm pistol||11|
|Makarov 9mm pistol||8|
|Poppy Eradication Force|
|M-4 bushmaster 5.56mm rifle||193|
|M-9 beretta 9mm pistol||145|
|GL-1 40mm grenade launcher||17|
|Barrett .50 cal sniper rifle||4|
Prosecutor TrainingINL offers training courses for GOA prosecutors: the Police-Prosecutor Coordination Program (P/PCP, aka JSSP-R: seven-month curriculum), the Focused District Development Law Program (FDD-L a 30-day curriculum), and the Attorney General Office Stage program (nine-month classroom instruction followed by three months of practicum). Since 2007, INL has trained 547 prosecutors. Of these, 442 completed the seven-month JSSP-R course and 105 completed the nine-month AGO stage program. Tracking of JSSP-R confirms that 95% remained on the job at the end of 2008. Of the five percent who were no longer employed as GOA prosecutors at the end of 2008, 11 had moved into private practice; two had been suspended; two were killed in the line of duty; one had quit; and the status of eleven was unknown.
The original goal of organizing and training a National Police Force of 62,000 officers was increased to 82,000 in 2007 and 96,800 in 2009. INL has constructed and operated eight police training centers in Kabul and around the country. Through December 2008, INL had trained and graduated a total of 110,000 police officers from the various basic patrolman courses, accounting for attrition.
Although there are a large number of specialty courses taught, qualifying basic training for which an Afghan Ministry Of Interior (MOI) Police Identity Card is issued upon graduation consists of any one of the following: Basic 8 week patrolman’s course, Focused District Development (FDD) Basic Patrolman’s course, Basic Border Patrolman’s course, Counternarcotics Course for the Poppy Eradication Force, and ANCOP 16 week course.
Through December 2008, INL had trained and graduated a total of 42,234 police officers for the various basic patrolman courses. No tracking data on the assignment of these officers since graduation is available.
Repair and Maintenance of CommoditiesEight 2008 year model fully armored vehicles for the Afghan Police Program suffered catastrophic engine failure after running on low sulfur diesel (LSD) fuel. Beginning in June 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) mandated an end to the sale of LSD fuel (which contained 500 ppm sulfur) for diesel highway vehicles in the United States. The new fuel, which replaced the LSD, was ultra-low sulfur diesel ULSD at just 15 ppm sulfur. Because of the new engineering specifications for diesel engines using ULSD, the EPA mandated warning labels on all LSD fuel pumps stating that LSD would damage 2007 and later diesel engines. Manufacturers of diesel engines put out identical warnings on their web sites. The eight 2008 model year diesel engine vehicles had odometer readings of between only 6,000 and 18,000 miles at the time of the engine failure. Upon inspection, it was discovered that the piston rods had softened and warped under the intense engine heat generated by burning LSD fuel in the post 2006 engines. The warped rods caused the pistons to impact against cylinder walls of the engine block, leading to their fracture and fragmentation.
The NAS and the GSO have concluded discussions and developed plans to dispose of most project commodities via auctions, which are conducted twice annually by the GSO at the old USIS compound in Kabul. On a case-by-case basis, the NAS and the GSO may conclude to hold local auctions of INL-procured commodities at the Regional Training Centers or, alternatively, to invite scrap dealers to make offers on furniture, furnishings and appliances deemed to be of insufficient value to justify the effort and expense of a public auction.
Armored vehicle and ballistic glass will be turned over to the U.S. Army Explosives Ordinance Disposal Unit at Bagram Air Base for destruction in accordance with post RSO procedures.
Senior Law Enforcement Adviser Denver Fleming, TEL: 977-400-7200 ext. 4366; flemingDHstate.gov
Inventory SystemPost has a manual file system, including receiving documents and handover forms.
Post manually compared records with those of the Supreme Court. In previous years, post also compared records with the National Drug Control and Law Enforcement Unit and Nepal Police. Post’s Senior Law Enforcement Adviser also conducted monthly discussions to monitor resource status.
In 2008, the Post donated 65 power transformers; 61 PC’s, 65 monitors, and 65 Uninterrupted Power Supply units to the Supreme Court and 15 district offices. They are all in good condition.
The power transformer-stabilizers facilitate the use of 110v YPS units that are incompatible with Nepal’s power grid. Workstations can operate for 20 minutes after a power surge, of which Kathmandu experienced up to 16 hours a day, enabling employees to save their work and complete the essential task of providing judicial service to the Nepal public.
Many items tracked in previous reports such as motorcycles and bicycles provided to the Nepal Police Women’s Cell and the Nepal Drug Control and Law enforcement Unit in 1996 were non-repairable. In 2008, at post’s request, the Government of Nepal disposed of all unrepairable items including bicycles and motorcycle used by the NDCLU and the Nepal Police Women’s Cell.
EUM Program Officer
Timothy Buckley, Tel: 998-71-120; buckleyTP@state.gov
In 2007, post created an INL equipment database containing records of all equipment provided to the GOU and records of previous inspections. The database includes all equipment-related information and supports dozens of different queries. INL equipment has been distributed throughout all 12 provinces of Usbekistan, although a majority has now exceeded its reasonable expected lifespan.
EUM Staff Responsibilities
The INL program is administered by an officer in the political and economic section who must divide work time between several portfolio items. Post has one full-time Locally Engaged Staff (LES) position to support INL initiatives in Uzbekistan. There are no other positions with End Use Monitoring responsibilities and there was no change in staffing from 2007. Due to post’s security concerns, the LES is only authorized to visit host government law enforcement installations when an American officer is present, which makes End Use Monitoring more resource intensive. The Pol/Econ Officer, especially one who handles the export and related security (EXBS) portfolio, also occasionally visits facilities to conduct End Use Monitoring involving INL-donated equipment.
US Agency Assistance
No other USG agencies represented at post conducted any End Use Monitoring of INL-funded resources. However, in late 2008 and early 2009 a visiting Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agency conducted some End Use Monitoring of INL-donated equipment, which was an excellent opportunity to build contacts in the host government in anticipation of greater engagement on counternarcotics.
Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD)
State Customs Committee
Ministry of Health (MOH)
National Security Service (NSS)
Office of the General Prosecutor
On-site inspections are the only reliable means of conducting required End Use Monitoring even though they must be arranged far in advance. Typically, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs then provides post with a local contact that represents the appropriate ministry and plans its visit details. Random, unscheduled visits are not possible and government officials at all levels throughout the country adhere to strict bureaucratic requirements to arrange permission in advance through formal channels.
There were 22 scheduled on-site inspections performed in 2008 around the country. There were some opportunities for unscheduled inspections when embassy offices crossed land borders or visited checkpoints where some INL-donated equipment is located. For instance, at an official visit to the border checkpoint (the main crossing between Uzbekistan and Afghanistan near Temez) in July 2008, the Ambassador observed Ozbek Customs officers using INL-donated flashlights, leatherman utility toolkits and search mirrors to conduct vehicle inspections even though it was not an End Use Monitoring trip. End use monitoring trips were as follows:
01/14/08 - Provincial Customs Office
01/15/08 - Provincial Customs Office
01/25/08 - MVD Sensitive Investigative Unit
04/25/08 - Main Forensic Laboratory
08/27/08 - Provincial Customs Office
12/18/08 - NSS Jeep
01/20/08 - Border Checkpoint
01/20/08 - Border Checkpoint
01/21/09 - MVD Counter Drug Dept
01/21/09 - Khorezm Forensic Laboratory
01/21/08 - MVD Counter Drug dept
01/21/09 - Border Checkpoint
01/22/09 - Border Checkpoint
01/23/09 - MVD Counter Drug Dept
01/26/09 - Main MOH Forensic Laboratory
01/30/09 - MVD Sensitive Investigative Unit
01/30/09 - MVD Counter Drug Unit
01/30/09 - MVD City Police Counter Drug Unit
01/31/09 - MVD Counter Drug Unit
02/02/09 - MVD SyrBarya Counter Drug Unit
02/02/09 - MVD Counter Drug Unit
02/03/09 - MVD Counter Drug Unit
Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status
Written and computerized government records in Uzbekistan are not well-developed and are not yet a reliable source of information. Post would not likely be granted regular access to such databases. Post must use its own detailed databases to identify priority equipment to inspect each year and submit diplomatic notes to arrange permission to conduct physical on-site inspections.
In January 2004, the Embassy delivered 25 workstations to the counternarcotics focused Sensitive Investigative Unit within the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Tashkent. The computer equipment is being actively used by law enforcement offices for its intended purpose of supporting counternarcotics investigations. The computers are in good condition but are no longer state-of-the-art.
In July 2004, 30 cellular telephones, 30 Motorola GP-360 handheld radios, and four Thuraya satellite phones were provided the SIU within the Ministry of Internal Affairs. All equipment is located at the main headquarters in Tashkent. The cell phones are now obsolete but still in use. The satellite phones are not in use due to the high cost of the service, which the SIU could no loner afford when the Government of Uzbekisan suspended cooperation with the DEA in early 2007. As a whole, the array of equipment provided by the U.S. Government still makes the work of the SIU easier but it is less pivotal with each passing year.
In July 2004, post delivered and finished installation of laboratory equipment to the MVD in Tashkent that enhanced the GOU’s capabilities to perform forensic analysis of explosive substances. Equipment donated to the Explosives Laboratory at the Ministry of Internal Affairs included a Sabre-200 portable explosive detector, five digital scales, and an Agilent Electrophoresis system. A Nicolet IR Spectrometer system was previously delivered to the lab in 1999. The equipment is in excellent condition.
Twenty-eight (28) vehicles were donated to the SIU at headquarters in Tashkent. All 28 vehicles are actively used by police officers of the current unit. A visiting DEA agent also inspected the vehicles and was positively impressed that not only the vehicles were being actively used, but much of the other support equipment that should be used in the field is indeed with the cops on the street. The fleet is intentionally mixed, including several local models to allow undercover units to blend in with their surrounding. The local models are much easier for the SIU to maintain since there is ready availability of spare parts and mechanical expertise. Two Opel Astras still require about $2,000 of repairs that the SIU has no funds to repair. However, the vehicles are kept in a secure garage and otherwise appear to be in good condition. The vehicles are approaching the end of their useful lifespan.
The main Forensic Laboratory at the Ministry of Health (which can analyze narcotics substances) received several sophisticated instruments funded by INL, including an Agilent Gas Chromatograph and Mass Spectrometer System, which greatly support evidence processing in criminal drug cases. This is the only active project for which post is continuing to purchase and transfer extensive quantities of equipment. Numerous embassy officers, including the Ambassador, Deputy Chief of Mission, and Political Chief on a separate visit, were warmly welcomed for tours and demonstrations of the equipment during 2008. The laboratory staff is extremely grateful for U.S. assistance and participated in professional development and training events abroad to enhance the benefit of post’s equipment donation.
Equipment from previous years is also in excellent condition and is carefully cared for by qualified scientific staff. The Uzbek Government, in response to INL efforts to upgrade the laboratory, is building a modern new building that will soon house the equipment.
In October 2001, INL provided the Committee for State Border Protection document examination equipment to improve passport control activities at border checkpoints. Donated equipment included: 100 Universal Desktop Magnifiers and spare lamps, 200 hand-held UV-spot detectors and spare UV lamps, 8 multifunctional passport readers, and one set of passport computer software with samples of more than 2,000 different passports and identification documents.
Document examination equipment to improve passport control activities at border checkpoints is distributed to more than 40 checkpoints around the country as well as to the Border Guard Academy.
Basic investigative equipment was distributed to the Counter Drug Department of the Uzbek Ministry of Internal Affairs. Some equipment is maintained at the SIU headquarters in Tashkent, while other communications equipment was distributed to various counter drug departments at provincial command posts throughout the country. As with other equipment provided to the SIU, post found the camera and video equipment to be maintained in excellent condition. The creative unit has its own audio-visual technician who provides modifications to use local handbags that make hidden cameras more discreet. However, cameras are no longer state-of-the-art, especially as new-generation digital technology makes cameras from a half-decade age seem obsolete. One political official in Ferghana Province said some of the TV, VCR, and camera equipment provided had since been lost or damaged; however, the responsible officer had to purchase replacements themselves which were provided for inspection.
|State Customs Committee|
|Jeep Cherokee Sport||7|
|Special Investigative Unit (SIU)|
|Opel Vectra Elegance||1|
|Toyota Land Cruiser||3|
|Daewood Nexia GLE||11|
|Daewood Matiz DLX||2|
A successful INL-funded Anti-Trafficking-in-Persons Program continued during 2008. A total of 14 training events were held around the country reaching more than 500 law enforcement officers and other stakeholders; the host government credited the multi-year project with improving sensitively to victims among law enforcement officers; it helped key Anti-TIP NGO’s build lasting connections with local police. Uzbekistan was promoted from Tier 3 to the Tier 2 watchlist on the 2008 edition of the report, and post reported more substantial progress on the 2009 submission. The anti-TIP project will conclude during 2009.
The ongoing Anti-TIP program administered by an International Organization for Migration (IOM) affiliated NGO has had a big impact in this reporting period. In 2008, there were 14 events that provided training opportunities to more than 500 people, mostly in remote areas where awareness about the serious TIP problems was low. The Uzbek government openly credits the work of INL and the implementing partner in raising awareness and sensitivity among law enforcement officers. TIP is, undoubtedly, the most successful engagement post has seen of human rights in the country.
Unmonitored ResourcesMany of the laptop computers delivered to the Border Guards are now broken after years of extensive use. The products have now exceeded there useful expected life span. It is also difficult to arrange access to border posts, especially now that the Border Guards have been incorporated into the National Security Service. No corrective action is required since post will discontinue monitoring the equipment.