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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

2008 End-Use Monitoring Report: East Asia and the Pacific


Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 1, 2009

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BANGKOK

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Dianne Kellum, tel: 662-205-5569; kellumdm@state.gov

ILEA Program Director, Alfred S. Czereski, Tel: 662-973-3901; czerski@ileabangkok.com

SIU/Vetted Unit, Brian H. Lee. Tel: 662-205-4216, brian.h.lee@usdoj.gov

Inventory System

NAS Bangkok has its own access system to keep all inventory data and track distribution of commodities provided to the host government agencies.

Staff Member Responsibilities

The following post personnel assist in the End Use Monitoring process: Menefee, Assistant Program Coordinator; Prapaporn Pookpanich, Program Management Assistant; Chelisa Sirimahan, Administrative Clerk; Paleerat Srisartsanarat, Program Specialist; Koranis Somroop, Procurement Agent; Siritasana Varangoon, Program Assistant.

Counterpart Agencies

Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency (TICA)
Office of the Narcotics Control Board (ONCB)
Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau (PNSB)
Marine Police Division (MPD)
Department of Probation (DOP)
Provincial Police (PP)
Office of Attorney General (OAG) Criminal Court, Child Rights Center
Border Liaison Office (BLO)
Anti-Money Laundering Office (AMLO)
Correctional Institution for Drug Addicts
Royal Thai Navy (RTN)
Royal Thai Army (RTA)
Royal Thai Customs
Department of Special Investigations (DSI)

Receipt

The NAS has provided the MOU’s and commodities received reports signed by the staff as the donor and by the host government officials.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

There were 21 on-site inspections conducted in 18 cities and 76 locations as follows:

06/26/2008
SIU Police Narcotics Supression Bureau (PNSB)
Chiang Rai Unit
Mae Sai Unit
Royal Thai Police

06/25/2008
SIU Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau (PNSB)
Chiang Mai Unit,
Royal Thai Police

06/24/2008
SIU Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau (PNSB)
Chiang Mai Intelligence
Royal Thai Police

08/18/2008
SIU Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau
Royal Thai Police

08/19/2008
SIU Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau (PNSB)
Bangkok Intelligence Center (BIC)
Royal Thai Police

09/08/2008
Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau (PNSB)
Thai Police

09/09/2008
Police Narcotics Task Force
Royal Thai Police

09/10/2008
Anti-Money Laundering Office (AMLO)

09/10/2008
Department of Probation
Ministry of Justice

09/11/2008
Royal Thai Navy (BTN)

09/12/2008
Fight Against Child
Exploitation (FACE)

09/15/2008
Thailand International Cooperation Agency (TICA)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs

09/16/2008
Royal Thai Customs
Ministry of Finance

09/17/2008
 Office of Attorney General

09/22/2008
ONCB
Ministry of Justice

09/26/2008
Department of Special Investigation (DSI)

09/29/2008
Criminal Court

10/01/2008
 Scientific Crime Detection
Department, Royal Thai Police

10/02/2008
Children, Juveniles and
Women Division, Royal Thai
Police

10/06/2008
Police Aviation Divison,
Royal Thai Police

04/22/2008
 3rd Royal Thai Army,
Provincial Police Region
ONCP
Rachamongkol Technology Institute
Chang Puek Police Station
Trafficking in Persons
Chang Mai University
Royal Project Foundation
Highland R & D Institute
Suan Prung Psychiatric Hospital
Mae Joe University
ONCB/Narcotics Control Office Region 5
ONCB/Crop Survey and Monitoring
Institute and Police Helicopter Unit in
Chiang Mai

11/20/2008

Klong Pai Correctional
Control Office region 3
Border Liaison Office (BLO)

11/24/2008
ONCB Enforcement Unit
Chiang Rai
Mekong River Opertional Unit
Royal Thai Navy
Chiang Saen
Royal Project Foundation Centes in
Chiang Mai

12/02/2008

Sensitive Investigative Unit
Narcotics and Mae Sai Unit
Royal Thai Police

12/03/2008
Sensitive Investigative Unit/Police
Krungthep Unit, Royal Thai Police

12/04/2008
Sensitive Investigative Unit/Chiang
Narcotics Suppression Bureau (PNSB)
Chiang Mai Unit
Royal Thai Police

12/11/2008
Sensitive Investigative Unit, Chiang Mai
Suppression Bureau (PNSB) Royal Thai
Police

12/16/2008
Sensitive Investigative Unit, Bagkok
Intelligence Center (BIC)
Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau
Royal Thai Police

01/02/2009
ONCB/Narcotics Control Office Region 4
Marine Police Sub-division 11
Blo/Nong Khai Center BLO/SRI
Chaing Mai Center
Blo/Bung Kan Center in Nong Khai
Blo/Mukdahan Center
Blo/Nakhon Panom Center
Blo/Kong Chiam Center
Blo/Khemmarat Center
Blo/Chong Mex Center in Ubon

01/15/09
Provincial Probation Office and Child
Station, PNSB Unit
Transnational Crime Center at Pattaya
Police Station
Provincial Probation Office in Rayong
BLO/POngnamron Center in Chantaburi

01/26/09
Border Liaison Office (BLO) in Ranong
ONCB/Narcotics Control Office Region 8
ONCB/Narcotics Control Office Region 9
Correction Institute for Drug Addicts
Police Narcotics Task Force Center (SKIC)

The total number of items subject to inspection was 1,980. The percentage inspected was 98%. The ILEA staff conducted a random inspection of the laptop computers at ILEA. Commodities such as vehicles are readily seen in use daily. Inventory was conducted on 100% of the inventory. The SIU staff had 443 items subject to inspection. Of that total, 98.5 % were monitored.

Status-Commodities

Aircraft

Eight Bell Helicopters were provided to the Police Aviation Division to be used in support of Drug Suppression Operations. They are in poor condition and those that are inoperable will be cannibalized for parts to keep the others flying.

Police Aviation Division 
Helicopter 205A-1  
Helicopter 206L  2  


Vehicles

All vehicles are maintained by the host country. One van and five motorcycles need replacing.

Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau 
Toyota sedan  
Toyota Landcruiser  
Toyota van  
Pickup Truck  
Isuzu   
Motorcycle  5  


Office of Narcotics Control Board 
Toyota sedans  
Toyota van  
Pick-up truck  3  


Department of Special Investigation 
Toyota Van  
Motorcycle  1  


Royal Thai Army 
Toyota Van  
Isuzu  2  


Special Investigative Unit 
Toyota sedans  12 
Honda SIU  
Toyoa Landcruiser  
Pickup trucks  
SUV  
Van  
Motorcycle  27  


ILEA 
Sedan  
Station Wagon  
Van  1  

Vessels

One fiberglass patrol boat was provided to the Marine Police, Mong Khai in 2007. It is still in good condition and well maintained. Of the fourteen speed boats provided to the Border Liaison Office (BLO) in the northwest region in 2005 and 2008 for Thai-Lao joint patrol operations along the Mekong River, TCAS found that two boats are in very poor condition. The remaining 12 boats are mentioned under Problems and Correction Action Plan (CAP).

Marine Police 
Patrol Boat  1  


Border Liaison Office 
Speed boat  14  


Status-Services

Training

In 2008, ILEA Bangkok conducted regional and bi-lateral training programs in support of the ILEA mission. The participating countries included: Brunei, Cambodia, the Peoples’ Republic of China (China), Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Timor Leste, Vietnam, and two special administrative areas of China, Hong Kong and Macao. Singapore, Brunei and Hong Kong are self-funded participants. These programs include training in basic police skills and specialized courses in post investigation, clandestine laboratory safety, crime scene management, personnel and physical security, narcotics unit commander training, small arms smuggling and explosives identification. ILEA received demand reduction training provided by the Colombo Plan. Training was provided to 763 participants.

In 2008, the Transnational Crime Affairs Section (TCAS) Bangkok, supported the following training/seminar missions: Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University (CMU)-90 participants, Department of Probation (DOP) -112 participants, and the Office of the Narcotics Control Board (ONCB)-313 participants. The DOP’s training course for the volunteer probation officers equips them to take rolls in surveillance of probationers. The ONCB’s seminar on the epidemic of drugs in Thailand develops and connects global research networks on substance abuse.

In August 2008, TCAS Bangkok funded ICITAP to conduct Forensic Science training courses to 90 participants for the Royal Thai Police and the Central Institute of Forensce Science, Ministry of Justice.

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

The equipment enhances day-to-day operational communications between SIU officers and DEA agents.

Vehicles

The vehicles enhance SIU member’s ability to perform their duties. They are used for basic transportation needs and surveillance of targets.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Unused Commodities

The following commodities were given to the Lao Border Liaison Offices (BLO) through the Office of the Narcotics Conrol Board (ONCB) in 2007: speed boats (40), digital cameras (2), PCS (14), printers (7), UPS’ (7), cellular phones (7), binoculars (3), GPS (3), VHF handheld radios (9), VHF base stations (7), filing cabinets (14), office desks and chairs (14), computer desks and chairs (10). Due to difficulties in the relationship between the Thai and the Lao Governments, the commodities are still at the Thai BLO, and warranties have run out on some items.

After consultation with ONCB, all commodities are not expected to be delivered to the LAO in 2009. A report on the matter is due within three months. If resolution is not achieved, commodities with remaining shelf life will be given to the Cambodian authorities. No further items will be provided the Lao Government by this means unless they can offer assurances that deliveries can be made in a timely manner.

Unmonitored Resources

Occasionally, items are unavailable for inventory inspection because they are being used in the field. Post requested that the RTP note the equipment UPC codes for verification and notify TCAS when the items become available.

JAKARTA

Background

EUM Program Coodinator

Gerald Heuett, Tel: 6221 3435 9611; HeuettGH@state.gov

Inventory System

ICITAP Jakarta’s inventory system consists of spreadsheet lists of all commodities donated to the Indonesian National Police (INP). Site visits are documented on yearly renewals of Memorandums of Understanding (MOU) with the INP and impromptu inspections.

The INP documents the distribution or redistribution of commodities to other cities of the country or other units through written correspondence. In the case of services, ICITAP maintains attendance lists and logistics information of any training provided to monitor these services.

Staff Member Responsibilities

Since March of 2005, ICITAP Jakarta has maintained a full-time administrative staff responsible for compliance with DOS/INL and DOJ reporting requirements related to program operations and compliance with human rights, vetting and drug trafficking. End Use Monitoring (EUM) reporting is the shared responsibility of the administrative staff in coordination with procurement staff to ensure on-site inspections are carried out whenever possible.

Counterpart Agencies

Indonesian National Police (INP)

The INP cooperated extensively in the End Use Monitoring process by providing access to their facilities so ICITAP Technical Advisors and Program Staff could view their own inventory to help compare it with INL’s inventory list. The INP was very helpful in making the on-site inspections a quick and easy process by having all assets accounted for and on-site whenever requested.

Receipt

Access software and Word documents with a specific listing of the items donated with serial numbers and/or vehicles motor numbers, signed by ICITAP, and by the recipient’s representative were used to document the provision of the items provided to the INP.

On-Site Inspections

Nineteen (19) scheduled on-site inspections were performed as follows:

01/18/2008 - Police Language School, Jakarta, Java
02/23/2008 - Sibolangit District Police, North Sumatra
02/18/2008 - North Sulawesi Provincial Police, Medan
02/25/2008 - North Sumatra Provincial Police, Medan
03/10/2008 - Lampung Provincial Police, South Sumatra
03/24/2008 - Riau Provincial Police, Pekanbaru
02/11/2008 - East Java Provincial Police, Surabaya
07/04/2008 - Jambi Provincial Police, Jambi, Sumatra
04/21/2008 - Bangka Provincial Police, Bangka, Sumatra
04/25/2008 - Kepri Provincial Police, Riau Islands
06/09/2008 - CID Training Center, Bandung, Java
07/07/2008 - West Java Provincial Police, Semarang
11/17/2008 - Central Java Provincial Police, Semarang
03/11/2008 - South Sulawesi Provincial Police, Makasar
11/19/2008 - Batam District Police, Riau Islands
12/17/2008 - Tarakan District MP Command, East Kalimantan
01/12/2009 - National Police Academy, Semarang, Java
01/15/2008 - Advanced Officer Training Academy, Bandung

The total number of donated items subject to inspection in 2008 was 3,284. Forty-six (46) percent of the donated items were monitored.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Through comparison of records and discussions with police officials another 5% of donated items were monitored. About 51% of all INL-donated items were monitored and accounted for in 2008.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

One hundred forty-two (142) equipment packages, including CPU, UPS backup batteries, monitors, and printers were donated to the Indonesian National Police (INP). This equipment is used by the INP to write, print, file, share and exchange data and information regarding corruption, money laundering, Trafficking-in- Persons, narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. One hundred and thirty-seven (137) are in good condition and being used in accordance with previously signed agreements. Four computer equipment packages are in poor condition.

Eighty-eight (88) laptop computers were donated to the Indonesian National Police (INP). The equipment is in good condition.

Communications Equipment

Thirty (30) portable base radios were donated to the Aceh Provincial Police. The radios are used for communication between officers. The equipment is in good condition.

Cameras

Ninety-seven (97) cameras and video equipment units were donated to the INP. They are used to take pictures of criminal activity for evidence and investigation. The equipment is in good condition.

Forensics Equipment

Seven (7) Forensics Computer Analysis packages including computers, printers, scanners, digital cameras, compact disk writer, were donated to Forensic Units of the Indonesian National Police (INP). The computer analysis packages are used to train INP investigators on forensics analysis of digital evidence. One is located at the National Police Central Forensics lab in Jakarta. One is located at each of the provincial labs. The equipment is in good condition. The six provincial labs are located in Surabaya, East Java; Semarang, Central Java; Makassar, South Sulawesi; Denpassar, Bali; Medan, North Sumatra; and Palembang, Soputh Sumatra.

Training Equipment

Seven (7) LCD projectors were donated to the Provincial Planning and Development Units of the Indonesian National Police (INP). The projectors are used to present training material and facilitate planning and development projects. The equipment is in good condition.

Twelve Micro-cassette recorders were donated to Provincial Planning and Development Units of the INP. The recorders are used to record and report planning and development projects. The equipment is in good condition.

Eleven (11) overhead projectors were donated to Provincial Planning and Development Units of the INP. The projectors are used to present training material and facilities planning and development projects. The equipment is in good condition.

Vessels

Fifteen (15) 31 foot Cabin Boats were donated to the INP in 2007. Each boat includes a trailer, power package and an electronics package. The boats are used by the Marine Police to enforce laws and prosecute suspected transnational crimes in the waters of the Indonesian archipelago.

Indonesian National Police 
31 foot safe boat  15  


Vehicles

Four (4) trucks were donated to the Indonesian National Police in 2006. The trucks are used by the police to transport personnel, carry equipment, and patrol. They are in good condition. Two buses were donated to the INP in 2006. The buses are used by police to transport personnel. They are in good condition.

Indonesian National Police 
Mitsubishi trucks  
Ford F250 trucks  2  


Indonesian National Police 
Mitsubishi buses  2  


Status-Services 

Construction

The Command Control and Communications Project is 70% completed.

Demand Reduction Services

Training of police has resulted in better handling of TIP cases and the use of some basic tools such as a telephone help line to assist victims.

Program Impact

Vehicles

Vehicles provided to the INP have allowed investigators to quickly respond to information. They have facilitated the tactical movement of vessels for the Marine Police and reduced INP response time to critical incidents.

Communications Equipment

Installation of computers, with internet capability and digital storage equipment has upgraded the INP Marine Police capability to communicate with, monitor, and control assets. Prior to the implementation of an internet system, Marine Police depended almost exclusively on cellular phones to receive reports from field units.

Laboratory Equipment

The upgrade of all provincial forensics labs has substantially increased the INP’s capacity to collect, identify, and preserve evidence. The addition of an Optical Disk Forensics System at the National Forensics Lab has increased the ability to prosecute cases related to intellectual property leading to the largest seizure of pirated pharmaceuticals in history.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Unmonitored Resources

About 49% of the commodity inventory was not monitored due to the lack of opportunity to travel to remote locations where equipment has been transferred. Due to budget restrictions, unless a program has a scheduled training or assistance planned, on-site inspections are not possible. The distance between INP commands prevent travel to all but a select few each year. Indonesia is a vast archipelago stretching over 17,000 islands. The INP is responsible for public safety and security for each island and finds itself challenged to visit even a majority of their own islands each year. Attempts to contact units which have received assistance are made but, due to personnel changes, it is often difficult to track down a responsible party who knows where some items are located. Whenever possible, senior INP offices are contacted in the province to confirm the condition and status of all INL funded commodities.

Inventory System

There are some gaps in ICITAP Jakarta’s inventory records due to a historical lack of funding for staff to conduct regular End Use Monitoring visits. ICITAP Jakarta has attempted to mitigate these gaps by requiring program personnel to visit sites, where INL funded commodities have been donated, within a reasonable distance from a training site. While effective, this reduces the time available for training.

SINGAPORE

Background

EUM Program Coodinator

Dea Special Agnet Lance J. Ho; HoLj@state.gov

Inventory System

The Singapore Country Office (SICO) maintains hard copy files with all procurement documents, serial numbers and designated locations for all equipment furnished to Indonsian counter-narcotics units. The Indonesian National Police (INP) has moved some of the equipment (vehicles) from the capital city of Jakarta to Surabaya, Medan and Denpasar for use by INP narcotics units in those cities. The transfers are documented by INP.

Staff Member Responsibilities

The EUM program manager maintains all inventory files at the SICO. He has occasion to observe first-hand the use of this equipment during the course of investigations.

Counterpart Agencies

Indonesian National Police Dirtectorate for Narcotics and Organized Crime (INP)

INP counterparts cooperated extensively in the EUM process by providing access to their facilities so SICO could view their own inventory information to help compare with the DEA/INL inventory list. INP was very helpful in making the on-site inspections a quick and easy process by having all donated assets accounted for and on-site during the scheduled visit with little exception.

Receipt

Word documents with a specific listing of the items donated with serial and vehicle identification number signed by DEA and a representative of the recipient agencies are used to document the provision of items.

Monitoring Procedures

On-Site Inspections

04/28/2008 - INP
04/29/2008 - INP
04/30/2008 - INP

All inspections were conducted at the Indonesian National Police Headquarters in Jakarka, Indonesia. Eighty (80) items were subject to inspection. Fifty percent (50) of the donated items were monitored.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Secondary methods were not used as on-site inspections had viewed all items on hand.

Status-Commodities

Communications Equipment

Twenty portable base radios were donated to INP/Narkoba. All of these radios were out in the field being used by a counter-terrorism unit at the time of inspection. These radios were purchased in 2002. Counterparts report that these radios were well used but in poor condition after a year of use.

Cameras

Four digital cameras and four video cameras were donated to the INP/Narkiba. Three of the four digital cameras were on hand at INP/Narkoba during the inventory. These cameras were purchased in 2007 and are in good working condition. Counterparts report that the equipment is well used. These cameras are used to photograph suspects, defendents, and evidence collected during operations.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Four body-wire transmitters with accompanying repeaters and receivers were donated to INP/Narkoba in 2007. Five video transmitters with accompanying receivers were also donated in 2007. Four of the nine units were on hand during the inventory. The SICO has witnessed the use of this equipment during joint operations. The equipment is in excellent condition.

Vehicles

Seven automobiles were donated to the INP/Narkoba in 2007. Four automobiles were donated to INP/Narkoba in 2003. Twenty-one motorcycles were donated to the INP/Narkoba in 2003. Of the 32 conveyances donated, sixteen were physically present (five of seven of those donated in 2007) during the inventory. The remaining 16 were being used by INP-Narkoba and unavailable for inventory. These vehicles were well-maintained and used by INP in conduct of their official duties. All the motorcycles had very high mileage and were in fair condition due to harsh road conditions and constant use of the vehicles purchased in 2003. It is anticipated that the remaining life expectancy of the motorcycles is about one more year.

Indonesia National Police 
Sedans  10 
SUV’s  
Motorcycles  21  


Program Impact

Communications Equipment

The communications equipment helped improve operational efficiency during moving surveillance operations, replacing the use of cellular telephones with limited units to two-way communications.

Vehicles

The vehicles and motorcycles provided to the INO/Narkoba have contributed to several successful long-term investigations where extensive surveillance operations proved crucial in dismantling narcotics trafficking organizations.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Unmonitored Resources

About 50% of inventory is unaccounted for. However, a majority of the equipment is mobile in nature and is over five years old. The recent assignment of a DEA agent in Jakarta will allow or a smoother process in 2009.

VIENTIANE

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Program Manager, Mike Carroll, Tel: 856205528969; carrollmw@state.gov
Program Assistant, Souvanh Inthalusa, Tel: 856205520718, souvanhix@state.gov
Program Assistant, Hatsadong Chanthavongsa, Tel: 856205509913; hatsadongcx@state.gov

EUM Program Responsibilities

The Law Enforcement and Narcotics Section (LENS) has one EUM Coordinator and two section staff who assist with the EUM program. The coordinators implement monitoring procedures, carry out inventory checks and compliance reviews, and oversee the disposal of surplus and hazardous materials. They also confirm and evaluate the methods used to check inventories at different locations throughout Laos.

Inventory System

Donated items are entered into the inventory system which is maintained by source of project funding and location of commodities. The inventory is periodically reviewed against the corresponding records maintained by the Lao National Committee for Drug Control and Supervision (LCDC).

Receipt

A designated senior official of the recipient agency signs a receipt of for the items delivered.

Other US Government Assistance

DEA

Counterpart Agencies

Lao National Committee for Drug Control and Supervision (LCDC)
The Ministry of Public Security
Drug Control Department
Provincial Counter Narcotics Police Units
Lao Customs Department, Ministry of Finance

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

During 2008, the EUM Coordinator and two Program Staff members conducted on-site visits to GOL offices throughout the country to review controls and inventories of U.S. provided resources. These visits were conducted at eight provinces and at the Vientiane National Capital. At the eight provinces, the Provincial Counter-Narcotics Police Units (CNU’s) and the Provincial Drug Control Committees (PCDC’s) were visited once during the year. The Lao Customs Department was visited at least once during the year. Two provincially operated drug treatment and rehabilitation centers at Savannqakhet Province and Vientiane National Capital (Somsanga Drug Treatment Center) were visited several times during the course of year. The LCDC and the DCD (Central Police Drug Control Department) were visited monthly or bi-monthly during the course of the year.

The LENS performed unscheduled onsite inspections during all visits in the field offices to randomly check and reconfirm the use of donation equipment.

Inspections include a check of the using agency inventories of commodities and available maintenance or use records, verification of serial or unique identifying numbers, verification of condition of items, and interviews with GOL officials concerning use and impact. LENS allows reasonable exceptions to one hundred percent physical verification every year for cases such as documented absence of a motorcycle with an official on official travel when an inspection occurs.

Non-expendable items without unique identifying numbers are verified by inventory number and physical count. When items are found to be inoperable, using agencies are requested to secure and provide estimates for costs of repair. When the repair cost exceeds the cost of a comparable new item, LENS completes a report of survey to document the circumstance and the item is deleted from inventory. When an item is determined to have no reasonable residual value, or when the items are in a location so physically remote that shipment to the capital is not economically feasible, the host government agency is informed by letter that the item should be disposed of as junk. When an item is reported lost, stolen or destroyed, the using agency is requested to provide a written report of the pertinent circumstance, including a statement of whether any individual has been determined to have been been the primary agent of the lost or destruction and if so, what disciplinary action was taken.

The following on-site inspections were conducted in 2008:

06/17/2008 - CNU, Customs Offices and PCDC Bokeo
06/25/2008 - CNU, PCDC Luang Namtha
07/03/2008 - CNU and PCDC Champasack
11/05/2008 - CNU, Customs Office, PCDC Savannakhet
12/01/2008 - CNU, PCDC Houaphan
12/21/2008 - CNU, PCDC Phongsaly
12/23/2008 - CNU, PCDC Oudomxai
07/12/2008 - CNU, PCDC Luang Prabang
Monthly - LCDC, Vientiane
Bi-monthly - DCD, Vientiane Somsanga (Vientiane) Drug Treatment Center
10/09/2008 - Savannakhet Province, Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation Center

All donated items were subject to inspection. About ninety (90) percent of all items were inspected. In cases where items were not directly inspected, the equipment was lost or misappropriated, a key to a storage cabinet was missing, or a motorcycle was sent to a repair garage to far way to inspect. These few anomilies were resolved later on subsequent visits to the Lao agency offices.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

The LENS staff hold discussions with GOL counterpart agencies frequently and during the course of such discussions or field visits to provincial agencies, the status of donated equipment is reviewed, physically confirmed, and issues relating to maintenance and repair considered and resolved for follow-up action. The LENS staff also reviewed the inventory records kept by the host government agencies to ascertain whether their records are consistent with LENS inventory records.

Status-Commodities

Communications Equipment

Communications equipment includes items that have been donated since 2005. The equipment is used for conducting drug law enforcement activities and the management of drug crop control and prevention/treatment programs. The equipment is as follows: Vientiane Province PCDC, 1 fax machine; Bokeo, 1 fax machine; Luang Prabang, 1 fax machine and 5 mobile phones; Oudomxai, 5 mobile phones; Phong Saly, 1 fax machine, 1 wireless “Win” phone unit, and 5 mobile phones; Safannakhet, 1 fax machine, 1 landline telephone unit, and 5 mobile phones; Luang Namtha, 1 fax machine.

Computer Equipment

The usable life of a computer and associated equipment such as printers or other peripherals is three years, due especially to hot weather, high humidity, lack of air conditioning, dust, and a lack of repair or maintenance personnel. Laptop computers were donated to the Central Lao Customs Department (2) and the LCDC (2).

Miscellaneous Equipment

Bullet proof vests were distributed to police counternarcotics units at eight provinces and the Central Police Drug Control Department as follows: Bokeo (7); Luang Prabang (3); Oudomxai (3); Savannakhet (14); Luang Namtha (6), Houaphan (4); Champasack (2); Phong Saly (1), and DCD
Vientiane (3).

Vessels

Two local standard “Mekong River” patrol boats, manufactured in Thailand, were provided to the Lao Customs Unit at Bokeo Province on the Mekong River in the “Golden Triangle” area adjacent to Thailand and Burma. These boats are used on the Mekong River in Thailand and Laos and equipped with 2,500 cc engines, easy to repair locally, and suitable for tropical climate use.

Lao Customs Unit 
Long tailed engine (2,500 cc) patrol boats  2  

Vehicles

Motorcycles were provided to the following CNU’s or PCDC’s by province: Vientiane (6), Vientiane Province PCDC (3), Bokeo (6), Boulikhamxai PCDC (3), Luang Namtha (1), Luang Prabang (6), Ouxomxai (1). Phong Saly (1), Savannakhet (6) and Sayabouly (4).

Law Enforcement 
Motorcycle  20  


Crop Control 
Motorcycle  14  


Demand Reduction 
Motorcycle  2  
Light-weight truck  1  

Status-Services

Construction Projects

The renovation of an existing women’s dormitory at the Somsanga Drug Treatment Center near Vientiane National Capital completed in 2008 was inspected. The construction involved repairs to existing structures such as shower facilities, windows water wells and pumps. There were no significant problems associated with the repairs.

Program Impact

USG-donated equipment has had a positive impact on the ability of the Government of Laos to implement activities and programs for the interdiction of narcotics, reduce the demand for narcotic drugs through drug addict treatment and rehabilitation, and to eliminate to a very low level the amount of opium poppy crop planted in the Northern provinces. The number of drug traffickers arrested and the amount of illicit drugs seized has increased over the past year. Authoritative numbers are difficult to ascertain, but the overall trend is up according to available data. For example, during 2008 the Vientiane National Capital Narcotics Control Police (CNU) and the Department for Drug Control (DCD), with DEA technical assistance, conducted first-time “international controlled delivery” and arrested, with Thai cooperation, a West African drug trafficker who had transported cocaine into Laos via an international courier. The number of drug addicts (mainly opium, heroin, and methamphetamine) treated and rehabilitated in the past year were over 3,000. The amount of opium poppy planted decreased to about 1,500 hectares in 2008 from some 2,000 hectares in 1998.

However, the equipment donated by the USG could no doubt be put to more effective use. The level of motivation and leadership among Lao Government agencies working in law enforcement, demand reduction, and crop control continues to be low, leading to less than optimal use of their equipment and resources. Human resource and capacity building remain important goals in post's program to help ensure that donated equipment is used more effectively and efficiently to achieve better results.

Communications Equipment

The communications support has enabled host government counterparts and agencies to enhance their contact with central government units, other agencies in the provinces and to enable direct and improved contacts with the LENS office and its staff. All such donated equipment is of a low technical nature and relatively easy to repair and maintain, given local limitations and geography.

Vehicles

The vehicles provided under post’s program have proven to be effective and necessary equipment for counternarcotics police units, drug addiction treatment programs and crop control programs to accomplish their basic program objective and operational activities.

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment provided with technical support is increasingly well used by law enforcement agencies, drug treatment center, and to a lesser extent, provincial drug control committees engaged in crop control and opium substitution programs. Most CNU’s now use computers.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Unmonitored Resources

Approximately ninety (90) percent of resources were monitored during the past year. Post plans to schedule “second visits” in 2009 to inspect resources that could not be monitored.

To meet the INL EUM reporting and other post reporting deadlines, post has approved the addition of a part-time EFM.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

The host government is able to absorb some of the costs of repair and maintenance. However, as a general rule, required financing for the repair and maintenance of commodities and equipment for damage sustained through normal use, are paid for by LENS. There is no central host government authority, such as LCDC, to cover the repair and maintenance of commodities. Instead, the individual line agency departments and provincial administration offices cover as much of the costs as possible. Where the host government has no budget allocated for such repairs, the LENS program pays for such repairs if required.

Use of INL-Donated Equipment

Post plans to make improvements in its End Use Monitoring in 2009. Although post is generally able to visit all sites during the course of the year, post plans to better inform host country offices, especially those in the provinces, of the policies and requirements of INL regarding custody, use, and repair and maintenance of USG donated equipment. Post will ask the principal GOL counterpart agency to send a letter to all appropriate provincial agencies through proper channels, to inform them in the Lao language of the importance of good record-keeping and proper usage of USG donated equipment. Furthermore, in 2009 post will continue the process of transferring “junk” equipment from its EUM records according to INL procedures.



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