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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

2008 End-Use Monitoring Report: Europe and the Middle East


Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 1, 2009

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ANKARA

Background

The International Narcotics Crime and Control (INCC) Program in Turkey has been winding down since 2000 because of the GOT’s refusal to accept the Leahy Amendment language contained in the Letter of Agreement (LOA). Post is in the process of negotiating a new Letter of Agreement with the Government of Turkey. Virtually all of the equipment donated with INL funds in the past has become obsolete.

Equipment has been assigned to numerous locations throughout the country, and with post’s limited INL budget, physical inspection of any but a very small portion is a practical impossibility. Thus, post relies on periodic meetings with supervisory personnel in recipients agencies to monitor use

Eum Program Coordinator

Courtney Turner, Tel. 8-295-7065; turnerCL@state.gov

Staff Member Responsibilities

Local employee, Aysem Sargin, provided End Use Monitoring assistance and support to the INCLE program at post.

Other USG agency Assistance

Drug Enforcement Agency

Counterpart Agencies

Turkish Grain Board (TMO)
Turkish National Police
Jandarma
Customs
AMATEM Drug Addiction Treatment Facility

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

06/03/2008 - Bolvadin and Afyon
08/27/2008 - AMATEM Headquarters, Isanbul
08/28/2008 - Turkish National Police (TNP) headquarters, Edirine

Twenty-five (25) items were subject to inspection. Fourteen (14) items were donated to the AMATEM Drug Treatment Clinic; eleven (11) items were donated to the Turkish Gain Board. Twenty (20) percent of the donated items were personally inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Post held discussions with the Technical Support Branch Director at TNP Ankara. The percentage of donated items monitored using secondary methods was 80%.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Post provided 20 vehicles to the Turkish Grain Board (TMO) in 1992 and 1993. The vehicles are in use in TMO’s monitoring operations in poppy fields in Afyon, Turkey. The vehicles are aging and in need of continuous maintenance. Ideally, the TMO would like to replace the vehicles.

Turkish Grain Board 
Tofas Kartal  
Renault  12 
Jeep Cherokee  1  


Surveillance Equipment

TNP uses surveillance headphones in the following locations: Adana (6), Ankara (5), Diyarbakir (22), Duzce (1), Edirne (1), Gaziantep (1), Isanbul (1), Izmir (10), Kamarae (1), Kirikkale (1), Kirsehir (1), Konya (1), TNP headquarters (51), Mersin (6), Mugla (3), Osmaniye (1), Sakarya (1), Usak (1), Van (4), Yalova (1).

Communications Equipment

TNP continues to use the radio sets in the following locations: Anaya (1); Baliksehir (3); Bursa (1); Diyarbakir (1); Gaziantep (1); Istanbul (2); Izmir (9); Kars (1); Kocaeli (4); Konya (5); TNP headquarters (36); Mersin (4); Mugla (4); Sanliurfa (5); Van (5); Yalova (2).

Transmitted packets are used in Ankara (10); Baliksehir (1); Diyarbakir (5); Isanbul (30); Izmir (10); Konya (5); TNP Headquarters (33); Mesin (1);Van (2).

Microphones are used in Diyarbakir (1); Istanbul (2); TNP headquarters (15); Mugla (1).

Miscellaneous Equipment

TNP uses GSP tracking system equipment in Diyarbakir (1), Istanbul (2) and TNP Headquarters (5). Videoscopes are used in Istanbul (1) and at TNP headquarters (1). TNP continues to use cameras in the following locations throughout Turkey: Adana (1); Ankara (3); Diyarbakir (1); Malatya (31); TNP headquarters (55); Mugla (1).

Program Impact

The TNP is a major beneficiary of the program and is still using some of the most recently donated equipment, but due to the rapid change in technology, it is not able to make full use of the items post donated nine years ago. The program has helped the post establish positive relations with the beneficiary agencies. DEA officers report that the program helped them obtain better access to the law enforcement agencies involved.

Overall, INL-funded equipment and training provided to Turkey has been useful, but advances in technology have rendered many of them no longer useful. With a rejuvenated INCLE program, post plans to use INCLE resources for training.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

The main problem the post has encountered in the EUM process is the lack of an on-going program. The most recent procurement of physical goods was made nine years ago. There becomes a point when goods become obsolete and unusable and are junked or sold for scrap. The point has been reached for many of the items donated in the past year. A total of twenty-five (25) items remain in use.

BAGHDAD

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Michael Pace, Management Officer, Tel. 1 240 553 0581; pacem@state.gov

Inventory System

Post uses computerized inventory lists to record and track resources provided to host government agencies.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

On-site advisers include William Pryor, ROL Advisor, Srge Loiseau, ICOR, Stephen Weber, ICOR, David Akulian, ROL Advisor, Michael Carasco, ROL Advisor, Anthony D’Aguila, Corrections Program Coordinator.

Other USG Agency Assistance

US Marshal Service
Department of Justice
Federal Bureau of Investigation

Counterpart Agencies

Chief, Justice, Central Criminal Court
Major Crimes Task Force (MCTF)
USMS Special Operations Group (SOG)
Iraqi Higher Judicial Council (HJC)

Receipt

All items were turned over to the Iraqi Government via hand-written receipts.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

The total number of items subject to on-site inspections was 821. The list is short because most items procured by INL for Iraq programs in 2008 were not conveyed to the GOI. Most INL-funded items were delivered directly to the International Police Advisors and U.S. contractors supporting the missions rather than to agencies of the Iraqi Government and therefore were not monitored for this report.

Iraq is a combat zone and a dangerous place to conduct business. The constraints of official Americans traveling to Iraq are huge. These constraints lead to post’s inability to monitor the donations of equipment that the FBI and Marshal Service have donated under the auspices of their programs.

The Prison Capacity Development projects were inspected on the following dates:

03/11/2008 - Basra
11/16/2008 - Basra
04/05/2009 - Basra
01/01/2008 - Chamchamal
05/11/2008 - Chamchamal
06/19/2008 - Chamchamal
05/14/2008 - Ft. Suse
06/18/2008 - Ft. Suse
12/31/2008 - Ft. Suse
03/28/2008 - Nasiriyah
05/30/2008 - Nasiriyah
11/19/2008 - Nasiriyah

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

INL monitors on-going prison construction through liaison with the U.S Army Corps of Engineers. Post monitors the on-going courthouse security upgrades through liasison with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the respective Provincial Reconstruction Teams.

Status-Commodities

Uniforms and Field Gear

The following uniforms and field gear were provided to the 15 Iraqi members of the MCTF by the FBI: tactical pants (15 pair), tactical shirts (15), danner boots (15 pair), handcuffs (15 sets), tactical holster (5), pistol magazine pouch (4), and flashlights (15). After training, the Iraqi investigators kept the issued clothing and equipment and returned to their respective assignments throughout Iraq.

The US Marshal Service donated field gear and clothing to the HJC, including boots, riot shields, Mag light flashlights, fleece jackets, surveillance kits, and handcuffs. The HJC, in turn, issued the equipment to individual Iraqi’s who provide facilities protection. The majority of this equipment is individually issued items that will be discarded once worn out. The uniforms and police equipment were provided to the Federal Protective Service (FPS) with the standard police kit to enhance its ability to provide protective services. These items included clothing and equipment and were not monitored.

Uniforms and nonexpendable supplies were issued to the USMS Special Operations Group (SOG) Baghdad through personal distribution to Iraqi PSD and Facilities Protective Service (FPS) personnel.

Computer Equipment

Sixteen (16) computer towers, three (3) monitors, and twenty-four (24) keyboards were provided to the HJC.

Miscellaneous Items

The following items were provided to the HJC; GP 340 radios, handcuffs, simulator kits, radios chargers, flex cuffs, ballistic vests, gas mask filters, riot chest protectors, etc.

Status-Services

Construction Projects

Construction of six prison facilities for the Iraqui Ministry of Justice and renovation of 20 courthouse facilities are on-going. INL monitors on-going prison construction and courthouse security upgrades through liaison with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and respective Provincial Reconstruction Teams.

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

The communications equipment provided rudimentary communications capability to the Iraqi facilities protective services which were non-existent before and enhanced the INL program of judicial assistance in the Iraqi Judiciary.

Construction Projects

The prison facility construction projects will increase the total available prison bed spaces for the Ministry of Justice by about 9,000. The courthouse security upgrades improves security for judges and the courts and promotes a safe and independent judiciary free from threats and physical examination.

Uniforms and Field Gear

Clothing and equipment allowed uniformity among members of the task force and provided basic law enforcement tools that enhanced the performance of their job and consequently increased effectiveness of the Iraqi Judicial Investigators and the Iraq Judiciary System.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The projector and screen has enhanced HJC’s ability to provide PowerPoint briefings and offer other visual aid presentations.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (COR)

Unmonitored Resources

Initial issue clothing and equipment were not monitored. The security situation in Iraq makes it impossible to adequently monitor donated items, once they are hand-receipted to individual Iraqis. INL maintains scanned copies of all inventory lists that the FBI donated to the Iraqis.

Post discussed with the U.S. Marshal Service the mandatory End-Use Monitoring responsibility. US Marshals Service maintains the inventory and hand-receipts and informed the Iraqi Higher Judicial Council (HJC) of compliance. At the end of the program, the US Marshal Service will turn over all records to INL. INL maintains scanned copies of all inventory lists that US Marshal Service donated to the Iraqis.

For all construction projects, the security situation makes visits infrequently. While under construction, post relies on liaison with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

BAKU

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

US DOJ ICITAP Senior Law Enforcement Adviser Timothy Faught: tel: 009 9412 4980335 ext. 4341; e-mail: fraughtTF@stat.e.gov

Inventory System

Post maintains a filing system for all documents used to record donations (diplomatic notes and donation letters). All records are also maintained in an Excel spreadsheet.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

INL staff member, Rashad Allyev, is responsible for assisting the SLEA, Timothy Fraught, in conducting inventories and on-site inspections of equipment donated by INL Baku.

Counterpart Agencies

The Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) of the Republic of Azerbaijan
The Prosecutor General’s Office (PGO) of the Republic of Azerbaijan
The Ministry of Health (MOH) and the Office of the Presidential Administration.

Receipt

INL Baku uses donation letters and diplomatic notes to provide donations to host government representatives.

Monitoring Procedures

On-Site Inspections

INL Baku personally inspected 100% of the 128 donated items subject to inspection. INL Baku conducted 11 on-site inspections as follows:

08/21/2008 - MIA
07/07/2008 - MIA
06/18/2008 - MIA
05/06/2008 - MIA
03/06/2008 - MIA
02/15/2008 - MIA
12/18/2008 - MIA
08/14/2008 - MOJ
05/14/2008 - MOJ
02/15/2008 - MOJ
08/27/2008 - PGO
12/16/2008 - President’s Office

Status-Commodities

Computers

Five “Dell Inspiron” laptop computers were donated to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Azerbaijan in 2007 and 2008. All five are in Baku. Two laptops are used at the Police Academy and are in excellent condition. Three laptop computers are used at the Forensic Department of the MIA in Baku and are in good condition.

Three “Dell Inspiron” laptop computers were donated to the Office of the Presidential “Administration in 2008; they are used by the Law Enforcement Coordination Department of the Presidential Administration in Baku and are in excellent condition.

One “Dell Inspiron” laptop computer was donated to the Ministry of Justice in 2007; it is used by the Judicial-Legal Council in Baku and is in good condition.

Three PC’s (HP Compaq P4), three HP LCD monitors, three UPS, one HP LJ printer and Windows/MS Office software was donated to the Ministry of Health in 2007. All of the computers are in Baku and used by the Forensic Institute. All are in good condition.

Three “Dell Inspiron” laptop computers were donated to Prosecutor General’s Office in 2008. One lap computer is used by the Anti-Corruption Department and one laptop computer is used by the International Department of the PGO in Baku. All computers are in excellent condition.

Forensic Instruments

One Agilent Technologies Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry instrument was donated to the Ministry of Internal Affairs in 2007. The GCMS instrument is used by the Forensic Department (MIA) for drug detection and identification of unknown substances in Baku. It is in good condition.

One Agilent Technologies Gas chromatography/Mass Spectrometry instrument was donated to the Ministry of Justice in 2007. It is used by the Forensic Center (MOI) for drug detection and identification of unknown substances. This instrument is in good condition.

One Agilent Technologies Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry instrument was donated to the Ministry of Health in 2007. It is used by the Forensic Institute of drug detection and identification of unknown substances. It is in good condition.

One “Leica” Microsystems Universal Comparative Microscope was donated to the Ministry of Justice in 2008. It is used by the Forensic Center for ballistic examination. It is in excellent condition.

Protective Equipment

Ballistic protection equipment was donated to the Ministry of Internal Affairs in 2008. It is used by the Rapid Reaction Police Department for public assembly management. All of this equipment is in good condition.

BELGRADE

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Robert Norris, tel. 381-11-306-4836; norrisre@state.gov

Staff Member Responsibilities

ICITAP used personal on-site inspections to monitor the End Use of the equipment. Two Project Advisors and a Program Assistant participated in the process. The Program Assistant developed a detailed list of specifications for the donated equipment. The advisers visited the offices to inspect the equipment and its designated use. Customs clearance was conducted by the recipients’ representative with ICITAP’s assistance. The Program Analyst developed a detailed list of specifications for the donated equipment. The Project Advisers visited offices to inspect the equipment and its designated use.

Inventory System

ICITAP does not use an automated inventory system to record and track the distribution of resources provided to host govnement agncies. Detailed records on donated equipment, i.e. specifications, serial numbers, dates of hand-over, etc. are used. Transfer documents, designed and approved by the Republic of Serbia Ministry of Interior and the Embassy are also used by DOJ/ICITAP and DIJ/OPDAT in support of this report.

Other U.S. Government Assistance

IDOJ/ICITAP
DOJ/OPDAT

Counterpart Agencies

Serbian Ministry of Interior
Service for Combating Organized Crime (Forensics)
Service for Investigating War Crimes
Service for Combating Organized Crime (Forensics)
Service for Investigating War Crimes and Special Antiterrorist Unit (SAJ)

Receipt

The Agreement on Donation, protocols and or receipts were signed by appropriate parties from both the Serbian Ministry of Interior and Embassy/ICITAP.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site inspections

Scheduled and unscheduled on-site inspections were conducted during the following dates:

10/09/2008
10/10/2008
02/23/2009
02/24/2009
02/25/2009
02/26/2009
02/27/2009

The number of ICITAP donated items subject to inspection is 211. The number of donated items subject to inspection was 320: 211 ICITAP items and 109 OPDAT items. The percentage of donated items inspected was 100%.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources Status

The OPDAT staff, during their regular visits and meetings at the office of the recipients, informally inspected the equipment and its designated use through discussions with host government officials on the status of the donated equipment. Also, OPDAT compared recipients written or computerized records with our own records of donated equipment.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Two motorcycles were donated to the Surveillance Department in 2005. They are used on numerous occasions in intercepting organized crime activities. One Volkswagon transporter van was donated to the Forensic Unit in 2006. It has been used to collect and preserve evidence from crime scenes. One Command Mercedes Benz sprinter was provided to the Anti-Terrorist Unit in 2007 for use in intercepting high-profile organized crime activities.

Surveillance Department 
Motorcycles  2  


Forensic Unit 
Volkswagen van  1  


Antiterrorism Unit 
Mercedes Benz  1  

Investigation War Crimes 
Skoda Fabia   2  

Vessels

One Zodiac Special Forces boat was donated to the Serbian Police in 2008. It has been used on several occasions to intercept organized channels and in rescue/recovery missions.

Serbian Ministry of Interior 
15 foot Zodiac  1  


Surveillance Equipment

One hundred thirteen (113) units of specialized surveillance equipment were donated to the Surveillance Unit within the Service for Combating Organized Crime.

Communications Equipment

Twenty (20) Sony Ericsson mobile phones were donated to the Serbian Police War Crimes Unit in calendar year 2007. The phones are being used by authorized personnel of the War Crimes Investigative Services.

Computer Equipment

Fifty computers were donated to the Service for Investigating War Crimes in 2008. The i2 analytical software was donated to the Organized Crime Prosecutor’s office along with 2 desktop computers with monitors and 2 notebook computers.

Forensic Equipment

Fifteen (15) units of computer forensic equipment were donated to the Operational Technique Department (Forensics): forensic recovery of evidence device, forensic recovery of evidence device (die), the ultimate toolkit, (access software), paraben forensic replicator, paraben forensic sorter, paraben forensic nework e-mail examiner, paraben forensic enterprise decryption collection, paraben forensic text searcher, paraben forensic toolbox, paraben forensic cell seizure toolbox, paraben forensic net analysis, and paraben forensic case magnet companion.

Miscellaneous Equipment

An APS2 X-ray machine is used by the Belgrade District Court Palace of justice to screen people coming inside the courthouse.

Program Impact

Vehicles

The vehicles increased the capabilities of the Service for Investigating War Crimes, Forensics Unit and Anti-Terrorist Unit, resulting in apprehension and prosecution of criminals.

Communications Equipment

The equipment increased the capabilities of service for investigating war crimes and service for combating organized crime resulting in apprehensions of suspects for war and organized crime.

Surveillance Equipment

The equipment expanded capacities of the Service for Combating Organized Crime resulting in interception, apprenhension and prosecution of organized crime suspects.

Vessel

The donated Zodiac boat was used in anti-organized crime actions resulting in apprehension of criminals. It was also used in underwater body recovery.

Laboratory Equipment

The computer forensic equipment increased capacities in combating cybercrimes.

Computer Equipment

The computer equipment donated to the Belgrade Palace of Justice-Organized Crime and War Crimes Departments enables better preparation of cases and improved presentation of cases at trails. Computers, voice recorders and cameras also facilitated field investigations and regional evidence gathering by the investigative judges and the prosecutors. The i2 analytical software donated to the Organized Crime Prosecutors’ Office enables improved analysis, organized and presentation of evidence, especially in financial crime cases. The X-ray machine donated to the Belgrade District Court enhanced the security of the Palace of Justice, which were subjected to over 60 bomb crimes threats in 2008.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

None

BISHKEK

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Robert DelCore, Tel: 996-312-551241; delcorer@state.gov

Inventory System

WEB NEPA system in the Embassy warehouse and Microsoft office access based inventory system developed by Bishkek INL office.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Senior Law Enforcement Adviser is responsible for general coordination of end use inspection activities. The Program Assistant and Administrative Assistant are responsible for scheduling end use inspections trips, conducting inventories, maintaining INL Office inventory system, locating missing equipment. The warehouse receiving clerk is responsible for registering all items purchased for donation to the Kyrgyz law enforcement agencies.

Counterpart Agencies

The Forensic Center of the Ministry of Interior (FCMOI)
The Forensic Center of the Ministry of Justice (FCMOJ)
The Department for Traffic Safety (DTS)
Police School of the Ministry of Interior (PS)
Prosecutor General’s Office (PGO)

Receipt

INL Office drafts a transceiving act each time equipment is donated to a law enforcement agency. The transceiving act lists all equipment, supplies and services rendered to the agency. This document is signed in tow copies by the SLEA and respective head of the receiving agency. Any further distribution of the equipment to the regional units within the agency is reflected in hand receipts of letters from the agency.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

The INL office conducted 12 scheduled on-site inspections. The number of donated item subject to inspection is 1,216. About 80% of available items were inspected.

04/2008 - Osh City
09/2008 - Talas city
10/2008 - Balykchy, Cholpon Ata, Karakol cities, Jeti
12/2008 - Chuy Province,
12/2008 - Bishkek
01/2009 - Bashkek

Status-Commodities

Forensic Equipment

The following equipment was donated to the Forensic Center of the Kyrgyz Ministry of Interior in 2007: latent print development kits, fingerprint taking kits, fingerprint powder, digital cameras, computers, printers, scanners, finger identification software. The equipment and supplies were distributed to all regional forensic office in the country: Bishkek, Batken, Chuy, Jalal-Abad, Issyk Kul, Narynj, Osh, and Talas and most of the districts of the Kyrgyz republic. The forensic equipment is used to collect evidence at a crime scene. The fingerprint identification system is used to process fingerprints. With installation of the Sonda Fingerprint Identification System, the search of fingerprints now takes seconds unlike previous years when an expert spent enormous time searching and comparing fingerprints manually.

The Police School was provided with a limited amount of forensic equipment for its Forensic Center in 2007. The equipment and supplies were used for forensic courses at the Police School. In 2008, 1000 cadets participated in forensic courses. The equipment is in good condition.

Computer Equipment

Servers and other computer equipment was donated to the Prosecutor General’s Office in 2007. They are used to sustain the VPN connection and archive electronic documents. All equipment is in good condition.

Two duty officers and the Personnel Unit of the Department for Traffic Safety were provided with 11 sets of computer equipment. The computers are used for regular office work. The equipment is in good condition.

Thirty-one (31) sets of computer equipment were donated to the Police School (5 to the Forensic Lab, 22 to the computer room and 3 to the Library). The equipment is in good condition.

Vehicles

Twenty-two (22) vehicles were donated to the Department for Traffic Safety in 2007-2008. They are located as follows: Main office Bishkek (8), Bishkek (3), Batken Province (1), Chuy Province (2), Jalai Abad Province (2), Issyk Kul Province (2), Naryn Province (1), Osh city (1), Osh Province (1), Talas Province (1). The vehicles are used to patrol streets and escort high level delegations. All vehicles are in good condition.

Three vehicles were donated to the Police School in 2007. Two Lada Kalina vehicles are used for driver training at the Police school for new cadets. Around 800 cadets were trained in 2008. One 15 seat Mazda van is used to transport cadets to field exercises or to national public events where cadets assist to maintain order and security. All three vehicles are in good condition.

Department of Public Safety 
Volkswagen sedan  12 
LADA Vax sedan  12 
Maxda van  1  


Furniture

The Police school was provided with 312 pieces of furniture for the Forensic Lab, computer room, library and dormitory in 2007-2008. All furniture is in place and used appropriately.

INL offices renovated two Duty Offices and the Personnel Unit of the Department for Traffic Safety and provided 92 pieces of furniture. The furniture is in good condition.

Laboratory Equipment

Chromatography systems were provided to the Forensic Center of the Ministry of Justice in 2005. It is used to do different types of experiments and testing of evidence. The equipment is in good condition.

Communication equipment

One hundred sixty (160) pieces of communication equipment (mostly portable radios) were donated to the Department for Traffic Safety in 2007-2008. Repeater systems are installed in Bishkek. Portable radios were distributed to regional traffic police units of the country. The equipment is used by police for communications and is in good condition.

Status-Services

Construction projects

Renovation of the Police School Library (100% completed)
Renovation of the Duty Office of the Main Department for Traffic Safety in Bishkek (100% completed)
Renovation of the Police School cafeteria in Bishkek (70% completed) to be completed in 2009

Other Professional Services

In 2007, INL office started financing the installation and connection to the Virtual Private Network for the General Prosecutor’s Office and its regional Offices. The server and other computer equipment and software were also provided to the Prosecutor General’s Office to sustain the system.

The VPN connection helped to reduce postal expenses and business trips needed to submit the reports as most of the information exchanged now electronically. About 80% of all regional offices are connected to VPN. End Use inspection revealed no misuse of computer equipment. VPN connection was checked at three provinces out of seven, i.e., Issyk Kul, Talas, Osh provinces and the capital city

The INL office funded one-year internet service for the computer room of the police school. During a one year period, cadets and school instructors were able to experience the convenience of having internet to complete academic assignments or to research up-to-date information for academic program.

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

Motorola and ICOM radio equipment were provided to the Department for Traffic Safety in 2007 and 2008. The equipment increased effectiveness of the Traffic Police in exchanging operational information, a faster response to traffic accidents, and better coordination of traffic direction and flow during high level visits to the country. A new repeater donated to the Bishkek City traffic Police increased radio coverage at least 5 kilometers. A repeater donated to the Main Department for Traffic Safety increased radio coverage for around 25 kilometers.

Construction Projects

Renovation of the Duty Office of the Main Department for Traffic Safety in 2008 and the donation of increased efficiency of the duty officers in responding to calls while better coordinating the operations of the traffic police.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Unmonitored resources

During an End Use inspection trip to Issyk Kul Province, the INL personnel inspected the MOI Forensic and Prosecutor’s regional offices. Unfortunately, during this trip two vehicles given to the Department of Traffic Safety of Issyk Kul Province were sent to the capital city to escort high level official visitors and therefore were not available for inspection. Commodities in Naryn provinces, Batken, and Jalal Abad were not monitored in 2008. They are scheduled to be monitored in 2009.

Repair and maintenance of Commodities

Starting in 2007, the Kyrgyz Republic suffered from a power crisis. Regular electricity cut offs in the country had the potential for damaging INL donated equipment. To protect the INL investment, batteries and USPs were provided to ensure the sustainability of the equipment. Repair and maintenance of donated commodities are usually handled by the recipient agency. The INL office provides contact information and warranty for the equipment and vehicles to the recipients.

Lack of Use and Misuse of Commodities

Police gear (traffic cones, flash lights, batons, handcuffs, etc) provided with the vehicles to the Traffic Police were found in trunks still in boxes n some regional units. Having knowledge of INL end use inspections, some supervisors ordered their staffs not to use the equipment to prevent damage, theft or loss. During inspections, the INL staff encouraged officers and supervisors to use donated equipment to the fullest extent.

Due to minimal training by the manufacturer when laboratory instruments were installed in 2005, the chromatography systems provided the forensic Center of the Ministry of Justice were not used to their full capacity. The forensic Assessment Team from ICITAP and DEA were able to train the Kyrgyz Forensic Center personnel in January-February 2008. They also provide training on basic maintenance of the equipment. However, lack of reagents, laboratory glassware and power fluctuations continue to be a problem.

Prosecutor’s offices are getting used to using the VPN (Virtual Private Network) connection in their daily work for exchanging information and sending reports. The Prosecutor’s office in the capital city and all central offices in the seven provinces use VPN extensively. However, use of the VPN connection at the district level is still limited and additional training is required. The Prosecutor’s Office is hiring an additional computer technician at headquarters who would conduct training and provide guidance to the district offices to facilitate their use of the computer and VPN connection.

BUCHAREST

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Troy Karsib, regional security officer, Tel: 140-21-200=3450; larsontd@state.gov

Inventory System

A master chart is used to record all donated resources by calendar year. Electronic folders with versions of the donation notes are also kept for each calendar year in addition to the hard copies signed by each party and containing copies of the purchase invoices.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Claudia Munteanu, Law Enforcement Training Coordinator has End Use Monitoring responsibilities that include coordination of equipment donations, drafting donation notes, maintaining receipt documents, performing on-site inspections, identifying operational successes that resulted from the support provided through post’s program.

Counterpart Agencies

The General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime (DGCCO)
The General Inspectorate of the Romanian Police (IGPR)
The Office of Operational Cooperation with Police Structures
Directorate for Combating Cyber Crime
Counternarcotics Narcotics Directorate

All recipients were open to on-site inspections and discussions of donated equipment.

Receipt

Notes were signed by each party containing a brief description of the items donated, technical specifications and prices.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

There were five scheduled on-site inspections and two unscheduled on-site inspections performed at three sites in 2008. The dates are as follows:

05/27/2008 - Directorate for Combating Cyber Crime
05/27/2008 - DGCCO
05/30/2008 - Counternarcotics Narcotics Directorate,
05/30/2008 - DGCCO
07/30/2008 - Directorate for Combating Cyber Crime
07/30/2008 - Counter Narcotics Directorate, General
07/30/2008 - DGCCO
08/26/2008 - Unit for Operational Cooperation with Police Structures,
08/26/2008 - Directorate for Combating Cyber Crime, General
08/26/2008 - DGCCO
11/11/2008 - Directorate for Combating Cyber Crime, General
11/11/2008 - Directorate for Combating Organized Crime (DGCCO)
12/08/2008 - Counternarcotics Narcotics Directorate, General
12/08/2008 - DGCCO

There were 79 items subject to inspection. Ninety-four (95) percent were inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Discussions were held regularly with the General Inspectorate of the Romanian Police (IGPR) officials on the status of donated equipment and its effectiveness in conducting daily operations. Four laptops provided to the Brigade for Combating Organized Crime in Cluj-Napoca were not inspected on site, but discussions with DGCCO management in Bucharest confirmed the items are in good condition and used for the purpose they were donated.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

Four computers and four printers were donated to the counternarcotics Directorate within DGCCO/IGPR in February 2008. They are in Bucharest.

Five computers, five printers, software and a VHS/DVD converter were donated to the Counter Narcotics Directorate for Combating Organized Crime (DGCCO). This equipment is used for investigative purposes and it significantly increased the unit’s capabilities for data and image processing. These tools allow the division to better manage its data base and create a library of case interventions footage to be used for training and assessment purposes. The four recording devices are also used during major drug cases for evidence collection purposes.

Thirteen computers, thirteen UPS units, thirteen Encase Forensic software licenses, ten routers, switches, adaptor and cables were donated to the Directorate for Combating Cyber Crime. All of this specialized equipment greatly assists the agency in its daily operations and it increases the investigators ability and technical expertise to manage computer related cases. Created in 2003 as a small unit, this division has received continuous support from USG and had grown to a professional and well respected team of investigators trained to consistently apply up-to-date techniques, strategies and procedures in each country of Romania. The Cyber Crime Directorate currently has specialized forensic software and trained personnel available in all regional offices and its role is consistently recognized by local and international partners. The unit’s officers work closely with FBI colleagues assigned to the joint task force in Bucharest, but they also assist other U.S.law enforcement agencies (ICE, USSS) in their investigations. The same program funded a donation of four laptops to the Brigade for combating organized crime in Vuj-Napoca. This local team was instrumental in investigating and gathering evidence during a pedophilia case managed by ICE (the Bianchi case) and the cooperation with USG agencies continues. The equipment is used for daily operations and investigations.

Training Equipment

The training equipment provided to the post graduate training center of the Ministry of the Administration and Interior and to the Special Protection and Intervention Group ACVILA is in good condition, properly used and maintained at both locations. It continues to serve its initial purpose and is frequently used for training sessions, tactical demonstrations and official visits.

Program Impact

Training Equipment

The computers, VHS/DVD converter and recording/surveillance devised donated to the Counternarcotics Directorate within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime (DGCCO) have significantly contributed to the unit’s ability to manage its library of case interventions footage and increased its technical and evidence collection capabilities. This Directorate is the key coordinate of all major counternarcotics operations in Romania. One of its most recent successes was the greatest seizure of cocaine in Europe in the last ten years (over a ton of cocaine found in the port of Constanta and over four tons distributed in Brazil before their departure for Romania). The case was the result of the great cooperation and partnership developed with the Drug Enforcement Administration, a partnership to which all INL donations and training sessions have been a key contributor over the year.

Computer Equipment

The laptops and projector donated to the Cluj-Napoca Brigade for Countering Organized Crime within the Romanian Police are in good condition and still of great use to the officers for case presentations, training classes, information to exchange sessions with US law enforcement agencies during joint investigations.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

None

CHISINAU

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Nick Pietrowicz. TEL: 373-22-408-300; pietrowiczn2@state.gov

Inventory System

Post maintains an updated comprehensive spreadsheet to track inspections and location of donated items.

Counterpart Agencies

Ministry of Interior
Customs Service
Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption (CCECC)
Prosecutor’s General Office
Information and Security Service
National Bank
Ministry of Finance
Department of Operative Services
Police Commissariat
Cyber Crime Unit
Internal Security Department
Department of Carabineer

Receipt

Each donation of equipment is accompanied by an official donation letter and documented in a receipt act signed by appropriate law enforcement representative.

Monitoring Procedures

On-Site Inspections

Post performed scheduled on-site inspections twice: in May 2008 and January 2008. INL performed at least one unscheduled vehicle inspection and two to three ad hoc on-site inspections of other donated equipment in 2008.

05/15/2008
01/15/2008

The number of items subject to inspection was 25. One hundred percent of the donated items was personally inspected. On-site inspections are feasible at all times. The Government of Moldova (GOM) officials are fully cooperative in this effort and make all efforts to accommodate post immediately upon request.

Post visits of counterparts are performed in Chisinau. INL visited six MOI units: the Department of Operative Services, Police Commissariat, Cyber /Crime Unit, Internal Security Department, Patrol Police, and the Department of Carabineers, three Customs Service Units, the Office of Money Laundering Prevention and Control in Chisinau, the Prosecutor’s Office, the National Bank of Moldova, the Ministry of Finance, Information and Security Service.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

The percentage of items inspected using secondary monitoring methods is zero. On-site inspections are feasible at all times. The GOM officials are fully cooperative in this effort and make all efforts to accommodate post immediately upon request.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Two Chevrolet Lacetti sedans were donated to Moldovan Police in 2008. They are located in Chisinau at the Department of Operative Services; they are used by the Combating Organized Crime Unit and Criminal Police (homicide and theft units) for undercover, surveillance and apprehension operations. The cars are in excellent condition and well maintained.

Five Chevrolet Lacetti sedans were donated to the Moldovban Police in 2007. They are located in Chisinau. They are used for undercover, surveillance and apprehension operations. The cars are in excellent condition and well maintained.

Five Lada sedans VAZ 2107 were donated to the Moldovan Police in 2006. They are located in Chistinaw. They are used for a wide range of operations by the Combating Organized Crime Unit, Criminal Police, Cyber Crime Unit, Internal Security, and for crime scene investigations by the General Police Commissariat. The cars are in excellent condition and well maintained.

Two Lada sedans VAZ 2107 were donated to the Moldovan Police in 2005. They are located at Patrol Police Department of Carabineers head office in Chisinau and used for providing security to diplomatic facilities and residences, transporting first reaction teams, responding to emergency cases, terrorist and bomb threats, transporting militaries between shifts at embassies, diplomatic facilities and residences. The cars are in excellent condition and well maintained.

Five Lada sedans VAZ 2107 were donated to the Moldovan Police in 2004. They are located at the Chisinau Municipal Police and are used for a wide range of operations and general law enforcement municipality purposes. The cars are in excellent condition and well maintained.

Two cargo vans UZ 3741 were donated to Moldovan Police in 2004. They are located in Chisinau. They are extensively used for providing security to diplomatic facilities and residences, operative interventions, responding to emergency cases, terrorist and bomb threats, transporting militaries between shifts at embassies, diplomatic facilities and residences. The cars are in excellent condition and well maintained.

One Mobile X-ray Chevrolet van was donated to Moldovan Customs through the EXBS program in 1999. It is located at Customs Services headquarters and used for inspection at different Customs points, including Chisinau International Airport, national railroads, and ground transportation Customs points. It is in excellent condition and well maintained. On September 24, 2008, Allied Technical Services, performed preventative maintenance and repairs of the mobile X-ray van. On November 4, 2008, Customs reported a malfunction of the X-ray machine. Post made an inquiry to Allied Technical Services experts and sent the requested pictures. The company concluded that the CPU and the system Logic Board are having problems; and reported on this issue.

Moldovan Police 
Chevrolet Lacetti Sedan  
Lada Sedans  12 
Cargo Van UAZ  
Mobile X-ray Van  1  


Computer Equipment

Seven PC’s, 7 monitors, and 7 printers were donated to Moldovan law enforcement agencies involved in the investigation of money laundering/financial crimes.

Forensic Equipment

Forensic Equipment, such as digital camera and lights, were donated to Customs Service as a result of ILEA Customs Forensic Lab Training in Budapest in July 2007. The equipment is used by the Customs Criminal Investigation Department. It is in excellent condition and is widely used at crime scenes for documenting and collecting evidence.

Program Impact

Post continues to see a significant impact of the capacity of Moldovan law enforcement officials to combat organized crime, cyber crime, human trafficking, money laundering/financial crimes and corruption as a result of the use of donated items.

Vehicles

The US Government's cognizant assistance in terms of vehicle donation has had a great impact of the program overall. The vehicles donated represent a new part of the MOI’s car fleet and are extensively used by the respective agencies and greatly improve and facilitate their routine work.

Two Chevrolet sedans donated in 2008 are used for 80% of all the operations of the Combating Organized Crime Unit that includes undercover, surveillance, arrests, and field trips.

Five Chevrolet sedans and two Ladas used by the Combating Organized Crime Unit and Criminal Police (homicide and theft units) represent 100% of the fleet and are used for 100% of operations. During the reporting period, the cars were used to detect cases of theft and homicide, searches and seizures, undercover operations, arrests, meetings with informants, intelligence gatherings, apprehension, chasing, etc.

The aforementioned five Chevrolet sedans were used in three big operations and as a result of conducted surveillance; arrested all members of the largest organized criminal group reunion; seized 17 F-1 grenades, 16UZRGM fuses, 8 RPG-18, 20 kilograms of TNT, 10,400 bullets, 2 optical signsts for grenade launcher, 10 radio stations, 8 bayonets, and 2000 cannabis; and eradicated four hectares of cannibis plantation.

The Ladas donated to the police units were used for daily activities, mainly field trips, and crime scene investigations.

The two cargo vans, UAZ, donated to Carabineers are extensively used for transporting military personnel to their posts every four hours 24/7; responding to emergency cases, bomb thefts, etc. In August 2008, Moldova suffered from heavy floods; the cargo vans were used to respond to the critical situation and provide assistance to populations in flooded areas.

The X-ray van is the only mobile X-ray machine in Modovan Customs Service. Customs inspections are required to be done by this mobile devise.

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment has had a significant impact on the capacity of Moldovan law enforcement agencies and financial institutions involved in investigation of money laundering/financial crimes.

Forensic Equipment

The equipment has had a significant impact on investigation of crimes. It is widely used at the crime scene for documenting and collecting evidence.

Problems and Corrective Acting Plan (CAP)

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

The X-ray machine requires repair. Post is waiting for the Department of State and expert’s recommendation on the possibility to either conduct a repair or replace the CPU and the System board of the X-ray machine.

JERUSALEM

Background

The Palestinian Authority (PA) Security Sector Reform program began in late 2007. This program is supporting security sector reform for the PA Security Forces (PASF), most particularly the National Security Force (NSF) and the Presidential Guard (PG). Equipment supporting the NSF and PG, procured via the INL CIVPOL task order with DynCorp International, began to arrive in early summer 2008.

EUM Program Coordinator

Deputy Director Ronald Dailey, Tel: 972 2 622 7341, DaileyRW@state.gov

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

The Deputy Director was assisted by Senior Police Adviser Thomas Moselle; INL Jerusalem Framework Monitor, Merritt Broady; three INL Jerusalem Foreign National employees, Andre Bahbah, Financial Assistant, Fadi Abu Saad, General Services Assistant and Wael El Sayegh, Engineer; as well as staff of the United States Security Coordinator (USSC). Fadi Abu Saad and Andre Bahbah prepare all lists of donated equipment, including expendable and non-expendable lists, and update End Use Monitoring data. They also assist with Customs clearance and delivery, and arrange site inspection visits.

The three FSN personnel and the INL Jerusalem Framework Monitor have made frequent visits to the PA sites to inspect commodities provided to the PA. The US Direct Hire employees in Jerusalem must travel to the West Bank with security; therefore, visits were scheduled monthly to PA offices and quarterly for established scheduled review and inspection.

Inventory System

During 2008, a commercial off-the-shelf inventory management system, Intellitrack, was installed to record and track the equipment for the NSF and the PG. INL’s contractor, DynCorp International, trained and mentored the PA on this inventory system. INL Jerusalem, using NEPA, bar-coded the office equipment and office furniture which was provided to the PA Strategic Planning Department and maintained the inventory of this equipment in the INL office.

Counterpart Agencies

The Ministry of Interior (MOI) Strategic Planning Department (SPD)
The PA National Security Force (NSF)
The PA Presidential Guard (PG)

Receipt

USG-financed assets are provided to the PA entities via project grant donation letters.

Monitoring Procedures

On-Site Inspections

INL Jerusalem conducted 13 site inspections during 2008 at seven locations in three cities: Ramallah, Jericho, and Heron. Five (5) were scheduled inspections and 8 were unscheduled inspections. Equipment is located in Ramallah, Jericho and Hebron in the West Bank. Post and/or USSC personnel visited all sites in all locations. The total number of individual equipment items, vehicles, computers, and office equipment subject to EUM for 2008 was 295. One hundred percent (100) of the items were inspected. The inspections occurred on the following dates:

10/06/2008
10/21/2008
10/22/2008
10/27/2008
11/03/2008
11/10/2008
11/13/2008
11/24/2008
12/11/2008
12/15/2008
12/16/2008
12/17/2008
12/18/2008

Equipment began arriving in country in mid-June 2008. Since that time, post and the USSC conducted secondary methods of monitoring through informal visits by USSC staff and through discussions with the Palestinian Authority Security Forces (PASF) on operational issues which concerned the equipment.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

None

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

INL provided 145 Ford F-150 pickup trucks to the PASF in June 2008. One hundred three (103) of the F-150’s are located in Jericho, West Bank and had not yet been used in operations at the time of the inspections. The NSF deployed 40 F-150’s to Hebron to support NSF security operations in that West Bank City and in Ramallah. The vehicles are in good to very good condition, with only three showing very minor cosmetic damage. Post conducted a 100% inventory on December 15, 2008.

In November 2008, three Chevrolet Savanna Vans were donated to the NSF and are located in Jericho. INL donated 14 Chevrolet Savanna vans to the PA Presidential Guard (PG); all are located in Ramallah. The Chevrolet vans are intended for cargo transport. All are in very good condition. Post conducted a 100% inventory on December 15, 2008.

In November 2008, INL donated 3 Chevrolet Optra sedans, 2 Opel Corsa sedans, and 3 Chevrolet Aveo sedans to the NSF. The vehicles are located in Jericho and are intended for surveillance operations. INL conducted 100% inventory on December 15, 2008.

INL donated 6 Ford Econoline F-138 ambulances in September/October 2008 to the PA Security Forces Medical Unit. The ambulances are located in Ramallah and are used to support PA Security Forces. Post conducted a 100% inventory on December 15; all ambulances are in good condition.

INL donated six Ford F-350’s to the PG in October 2008. All six vehicles are located in Ramallah and are in very good condition. The PG uses the vehicles in support of operations. INL conducted a 100% inventory on December 17.

PA Security Forces Medical Unit 
Ford Econoline F-138 ambulance  6  


National Security Force 
Ford F-150  145  
Chevrolet Savanna van   
Chevrolet Aveo sedan, 4-door  
Chevrolet Aveo sedan, 5-door  
Chevrolet Optra sedan, 4-door  
Chevrolet Optra sedan, 5-door  
Opel Corsa sedan, 5-door  2  


Presidential Guard 
Ford F-350  6  
Chevrolet Savanna van  14  


Computer Equipment

During 2008, INL donated equipment for the start-up and functioning of the Strategic Planning Department (SPD) within the PA Ministry of Interior. In January 2008, INL donated 40 computers consisting of a monitor, a CPU, a UPS; three servers, one color laser printer, two color printers and four regular printers. INL FSN traveled to the SPD offices in the West Bank on a weekly or bi-weekly basis and informally noted that donated equipment was in place and being used for its intended purpose. The INL Director and/or the USSC, during scheduled meetings with the SPD personnel, also took note of the equipment. INL relies on the INL FSN’s for formal inspections. The INL Inventory/General Services Clerk FSN conducted a 100% inventory on October 31. He accounted for all equipment which is bar-coded and noted that all equipment was in good condition. The computers are being used to further the mission of the SPD in support of the PA Security Forces.

Office Equipment

INL provided office equipment including chairs, desks, filing cabinets, bookcases, color television sets, three sets of video conferencing equipment, four overhead projectors, two copiers, four shredders, one refrigerator, forty Blackberry cell phones, and one design plotter. The equipment provides the SPD personnel the tools to fulfill the SPD’s strategic planning and reform functions within the PA Ministry of Interior. For example, the video-conferencing equipment permits meetings with Jerusalem-based counterparts when physical meetings cannot be scheduled. The INL Director and/or the USSC make note of the office equipment during meetings with SPD personnel. INL relies primarily on the INL FSN’s for scheduled inspections. INL inventory/General Services clerk performed a 100% inventory of the equipment on October 31, 2008. He accounted for all equipment and all equipment was in good condition.

Status-Services

Construction

Construction was started in 2008 on one NSF operations camp in Jericho and on renovation/completion of a partially constructed PG training camp in Jericho. Under conditions established in an August 2007 “Framework Agreement” signed between the Secretary of State and the Prime Minister, the PA entered into contracts with local construction companies to complete the NSF camp construction project. INL provided funding through a contribution letter to the UN Office of Program Support (UNOPS) to complete and enhance the construction of PG Training complex at Jericho.

INL Jerusalem has on loan from USAID one FSN civil engineer to monitor construction projects. INL also hired one retired USAID Foreign Service Officer who works from Jerusalem on an intermittent basis to further monitor the framework and UNOPS projects. Under the EUM program, these individuals conduct routine weekly site visits to insure construction is proceeding in accordance with the PA-awarded contract and with the provisions of the UNOPS donation letter.

The NSF Jericho Operations Base Camp and training camp will house an INL-trained NSF Special Battalion; the PG training camp will be used to train PG forces, including those who were provided basic law enforcement training by INL.

At the time of the last inspection, the Jericho Operations Camp was 50 percent complete and the PG Training Complex 95 percent complete.

Program Impact

Vehicles

The provision of vehicles will enable the NSF to mobilize and conduct operations throughout the West Bank. INL-provided vehicles were used during the Hebron deployment in late 2008.

Office Equipment

The Strategic Planning Department (SPD), as an entity within the PA Ministry of Interior, began in early 2008. The INL-provided office furniture and office equipment allows the SPD to fulfill its stated mission of strategic and logistical planning for the PA Security Forces.

Construction

Although the camp construction which began in 2008 is not 100% complete, once completed in 2009 these facilities will provide the PASF with camps in which to train and accommodate INL-trained PASF battalions.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Lack of Use or Misuse of Vehicles

The PG and the NSF did not take possession of the vehicles as early as desired because they had to await registration and licensing with the PA Ministry of Transport. The problem is being addressed with the PA.

KYIV

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Dorothy Mayhew Tel. 380 (44) 490-4396; mayhewd@state.gov

Inventory System

Post does not have an automated system to record and track the distribution of all resources provided to host government agencies. All information is currently maintained in paper files, based on reporting from implementers and the LES section. In 2009, post will be creating an automated system in the MS Access Program based on similar programs used at other posts.

Staff Member Responsibilities

The LES Section head and three office Program Management Assistants conducted on-site inspections throughout the year to verify that the donated equipment was being used by recipients. Customs clearances, disposal of equipment, and review of inventories were all carried out by project implementers, i.e. other agencies or international organizations. These implementers of INL-funded projects reviewed the use of donated equipment during the life of respective projects or afterwards where they continue to work with the recipients on implementing subsequent project. However, all of these processes were overseen and sometimes facilitated by the Law Enforcement Section staff.

Counterpart Agencies

The Ministry of Interior of Ukraine (MOI)
The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine (SBGS)
The State Department for Intellectual Property (SDIP)
The Ivano-Frankivak Appeal Court

Receipt

The legal framework for all donated items is provided for under the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Ukraine on Law Enforcement Assistance of December 9, 2002 and subsequent annual protocols outlining new projects. For each specific donation, donated items are listed in a donation/acceptance letter which is signed by the donating party and the receiving party.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

Unscheduled inspections were conducted last year at the following locations: Kyiv, Cherkassy, Odessa, Izmail, and Ivano-Frankivsk.

09/18/2008 - Cherkassy
09/19/2008 - Cherkassy
09/19/2008 - Ivano-Frankivsk
10/01/2008 - Izmail
10/02/2008 - Izmail
10/03/2008 - Izmail
10/24/2008 - Odessa/Kotovsk
10/25/2008 - Odessa/Kotovsk

The number of donated items subject to inspection in 2008 was 1,859. One hundred (100) percent of equipment donated in the past 2 years was verified by INL staff or implementers.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Written requests were sent to recipient agencies to provide updated information. There were numerous discussions, where feasible, and, specifically, where there were questions about the location and usage of donated items. Forty (40) percent of the INL-donated commodities were monitored via secondary methods.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

Dell computer monitors and servers were donated to the MOI and the State Department of Intellectual Property. They are located in Kyiv and oblast cites. They are used to increase IT capacities in both agencies. The equipment is in excellent condition.

One hundred thirty (130) computers, 35 laptops, 26 printers, and 151 power supplies were donated to the State Border Guard Service (SBGS) under the International Organization of Migration (IOM). The equipment is located at SBGS HQ (Kyiv), regional directorates, and field offices throughout Ukraine. The equipment is used by risk and criminal analysts, canine specialists, human resource officers, trainers, and students at training center all equipment is in excellent condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Eight TV’s and a video surveillance system were provided to the Ivbano-Frankivsk Appeal court under the IOM-implemented anti-Trafficking project. The equipment is located in Ivano-Frankivsk and is used by the regional appeal court to interview witnesses remotely in sensitive anti-trafficking cases. All equipment is in excellent condition and was visually reviewed in practice by the Ambassador.

High gear suits, training knives, and training batons were provided to the Border Guard Service of Ukraine under the procedure implemented by DHS/FLETC. The equipment is located in Cherkassy and is used for training at the SBGS training center. All equipment is in excellent condition.

Software, forensic work stations, and transportable servers, were donated to the MOI. The equipment is located in Kyiv and used by MOI Forensic Center Analysts.

Vehicles

The Jeep Cherokee is being used by SBGS Training Center and is in good condition. In December 2008, the Chief of the Training Center Engineering Support Division confirmed that the Jeep was in place and being used and maintained by the Training Center’s garage.

SBGS Training Center 
Jeep Cherokee  1  

Status-Services

One hundred percent (100%) of the witness protection room in Iano-Frankivsk has been completed.

Program Impact

Computer Equipment

The equipment provided to the MOI and State Department of Intellectual Property enables the MOI to significantly upgrade the local computer network (LAN) at the MOI HQ. They will be able to hook up 4,000 users in 5 HQ buildings. The provided equipment will also improve the MOI IT department’s ability to manage access to central servers for the MOI’s agency network and significantly increase data security.

The equipment provided to the Forensics Center and State Department for Intellectual Property improved GOU’s ability to document IPR violations and carry out forensic analysis of counterfeit disks.

The equipment has improved the quality of basic training provided to newly contracted border guard personnel.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The equipment improved the efficiency of recruitment at the State Border Guard Service (SBGS) and the veterinarian conditions for trained dogs at the SBGS canine facility; it also allowed the service to deploy new advanced risk analysis and criminal analysis techniques at the SBGS.

Two courts in Ivano-Frankivsk located in the same building, were outfitted with a separate witness room that enabled the courts to conduct five trials using remote or protected testimony, including a TIP case. Equally important, judges are able to ensure that the rights of the victims, witnesses, defendants are met and to conduct a comprehensive impartial and direct examination of all evidence that has been collected by an investigator. Prosecutors also benefit by being able to convince more witnesses, including members of criminal rings, to testify in court by providing them with security and protection during a court trial.

The equipment provided to the MOI FC staff has increased the quality and quantity of computer information analyzed during investigation of criminal cases, including a recent case on child pornography involving massive quantity of computer data.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Maintenance of equipment is an issue on a number of projects and has been exacerbated by the economic crisis, and budget cuts in recipient agencies. A computer service installed at the MOI required additional maintenance, but staff reductions and funding shortfalls presented timely maintenance. ICITAP continues to work with MOI on sustainability. The LES has raised this issue in meetings with the MOI International Department. A server provided by ICITAP to the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) under the auspices of GUAM required maintenance. It turned out that the person trained by ICITAP has retired or moved to another position. The LES head and ICITAP are working with the SBU to create a sustainable maintenance plan.

Post provided warranties on computer equipment donated to host country entities. Post works with recipient agencies to ensure that they have the technical skills to ensure timely maintenance of computer equipment.

MOSCOW

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Peter A. Prahar tel. +07 495 765-19-25; PraharPA@state.gov

Inventory System

Post maintains a spreadsheet for maintaining all End Use Monitoring records.

Staff Members EUM Responsibilities

Alexander Dorofeyer, LES Program Coordinator, tel +7 495-52-43; dorofeyeva@state.gov maintains inventory records and performs on-site inspections.

Counterpart Agencies

Federal Drug Control Service of Russia (FSKN)
Federal Customs
Federal Financial Monitoring Service

All counterpart agencies cooperated fully in End Use Monitoring activities.

Receipt

All items are transferred to host government agencies under transfer documents signed by LES Chief and an appropriate representative of the counterpart agency. All transfer documents are filed.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

03/03/2008
03/04/2008
03/05/2008
03/06/2008
03/07/2008

Chelyabinsk region (Russian-Kazakhstan border) where four Federal Drug Control Service of Russia (FSKN) posts were visited (Chelyabink, Troitsk, Kartaky and Magnitigorsk) eighty-five (85) items (100 percent) were inspected.

04/22/2008
04/23/2008
04/24/2008

Customs posts on the Caspian Sea of Astrakhan were visited. Thirty-one (31) items (100 percent) were inspected.

05/12/2008
05/13/2008
05/14/2008

Customs posts on the Baltic seaport of St. Petersburg were visited (Baltic, North-West, Pulkovo Customs).Seventy-seven (77) items (100 percent) were inspected.

09/15/2008
09/16/2008
09/17/2008
09/18/2008
09/19/2008
09/20/2008

Omsk region (Russian-Kazakhstan border) where five FSKN posts were visited (Omsk, Issue, Karachi’s, Tavrichesk and Cherlak). Sixty-three (63) items (100 percent) were inspected.

Two hundred fifty-eight (258) items were subject to inspection during 2008. One hundred percent (100%) was inspected.

Post did not inspect equipment or vehicles in Saratov and Kurgan regions because the equipment was transferred to them in late 2008. Inspections are planned in 2009.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

Twenty-five notebook computers and 42 desktop computers are used by FSKN; seventeen notebook computers and nine desktop computers are used by Customs.

Computer Software

Analyst Notebook and Ibridge software is used by the Anti-Money Laundering Assistance Program to the Federal Service of Financial Monitoring.

Communications Equipment

In 2006, 72 hand-held radio stations were provided to the FSKN and 32 to Customs. Eighteen Motorola-vehicle mounted radio stations were provided to FSKN and 8 were provided to Customs.

Miscellaneous Equipment

In 2006, the following equipment was provided to FSKN: concealed cavities detection device (6), portable X-ray and TV system (6); GPS (6); digital camera Canon (13); digital dictaphones (28); metal detector (6), long distance lights (36).

The following equipment was provided to Customs: concealed cavities detection device (10); portable X-ray and TV system (10); technical videoscope (4); Canon cameras (17); digital cameras (17); digital dictaphones (14); metal detectors (6) long distance lights (20); and GPS’ (3).

Vehicles

In 2006, eight Chevrolet Nivas and five minivan Gazels were provided to Customs. All are in good condition.

Federal Customs Service 
Chevrolet Niva  
Gazel minivan  5  


Border Control 
snowmobile  
All-terrain  2  

Status-Services

Demand Reduction

The Ministry of Health estimates that up to six million Russians take drugs on a regular basis, giving Russia one of the highest drug abuse rates in the world.

The U.S. has provided funding to the Center for Communications Program (CCP) of John Hopkins’ Bloomberg School of Public Health to conduct a program focusing on drug demand reduction and HIV prevention among youth in the Russian Far East (Sakhalin Island and Irkutsk Region) and in Ivanovo Region. Drug addiction rates in these high risk areas are nearly twice the national average and efforts were directed to the most vulnerable districts and towns in each region. The program consists of peer education and in-school education for young people 15 to 18 years of age. The program reaches youth in vocational schools, youth clubs, NGO activities, summer camps and other special programs conducted by regional governments to reach teenagers at the greatest risk. These youth drug and alcohol prevention programs have reached some 60,000 young people throughout three high-risk regions.

The Ministry of Education has approved the in-school curriculum for use throughout Russia. The programs continue to be taken up with full ownership in Ivanovo and Irkutsk. In Sakhalin Island, the program is now being conducted by a local NGO with regional government support.

Program Impact

Trafficking in opiates from Afghanistan (primarily opium and processed heroin) and their abuse were major problems facing Russian law enforcement and public health agencies. The U.S provided vehicles, inspection equipment, radios, and computers in the Border Security /Anti-Narcotics Agency Development project in support of the on-going effort to establish drug interdiction units along the Russian-Kazakh border in Orenburg, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Saratow and Kurgan. Monitoring and follow-up activities continued with the “Northwest Customs Project” which covers St. Petersburg and Kalingrad; and the “Russian Seaports Project” which covers Astrakhan, Novorossisyk and Sochi. Although the equipment has been in use only a short time, and the Government of Russia does not release information about specific on-going criminal investigations, including investigations using U.S. provided equipment, End-Use Monitoring conducted by INL Moscow personnel indicates that Russian anti-narcotics and Customs authorities are using equipment and FSA-funded DEA training is provided as intended in targeted, intelligence-driven operations. USG agencies enjoy a high level of cooperation with their Russian counterparts.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

None

PODGORICA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Marcus Mitcheli, Tel 383-20-410-500; micheloimr@state.gov

Inventory System

ICITAP maintains a list of donated items at their offices in Danilovgrad, Montenegro.

Staff Member Responsibilities

To date, INL-funded donations have been made by DOJ/ICITAP. The DOJ/ICITAP advisor and assistant record all donations and collect information for the EUM report during frequent visits to police stations and other locations throughout the country.

Counterpart Agencies

Police Directorate
Police Academy
Forensic Laboratory

Receipt

Donations are documented by a donation letter.

Monitoring Procedures

On-Site Inspections

12/16/2008 Forensic Laboratory (ICITAP)
03/17/2008 Forensic Laboratory (ICITAP)

More than fifty (50) donated items were subject to periodic inspection. About sixty (60) percent of all donated items were physically inspected during 2008.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

The ICITAP Adviser periodically and regularly discussed the usage and condition of donated equipment with Police Directorate personnel as well as with the Forensic Laboratory staff.

About forty (40) prevent of donated items were monitored using secondary methods of inspection.

Status-Commodities

Drug Display Kits

The kits were donated to the Police Directorate in 2007 and are stored at various police stations throughout Montenegro, including Podgorica, Niksic, Bar/Ulcinj, Herceg Novi, Bijelo Polje, Pljevlja and Berane. The kits are used to teach officers how to identify and recognize various types of drugs and narcotics. The kits are in good condition.

Firearms Training Systems (FATS)

Three systems were donated to the Police Directorate in 2007. They are maintained at the Office of the Special Anti-Terrorism Unit (SAJ) within the Police Directorate. The specially trained officer assigned to maintain and assist with the use of this highly specialized training equipment left for the Police Directorate shortly after receiving the FATS training. Following the repeated urging of the ICITAP Adviser, the SAJ has identified another individual who will be able to set up these training platforms for their proper use for training officers in the SAJ and the Police Directorate. The system is in excellent condition and is well maintained.

Forensic Laboratory Equipment

The equipment, donated in 2007 is stored at the Forensic Laboratory in Danilovgrad, Montenagro. The equipment includes an AFIS fingerprint system, digital cameos, stereo-microscopes, document analysis equipment, an Ion scanner, and a Sony camcorder, as well as evidence collection and preservation equipment. The items are being used in the field by evidence collection technicians at various police stations throughout the country. All items are in good condition and well maintained. The equipment is marked with the USDOJ-ICITAP official seal.

Program Impact

The program impact for ICITAP Forensic Laboratory equipment is substantial and has significantly enhanced the overall capacity and capability of the Forensic Laboratory to conduct crime scene investigations and to property analyze collected evidence for presentation at trial. The FATS system is in use and is being used to improve the tactical response capability of special tactical units engaged in combating various forms of violent crime to include organized crime, drug trafficking and terrorism. The drug display kits are used for educational purposes to improve the capability of drug investigators assigned to drug units.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

Many pieces of the ICITAP Forensic Laboratory donated equipment needs upgrading. The Laboratory has drafted a letter to ICITAP requesting the necessary funding for the necessary upgrades and repairs.

RIGA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Ann Mason, Political/Economic Officer, Tel: 371-6703-6278, masonal@state.gov

Inventory System

As post’s distribution of resources within Latvia is limited, inventory tracking is confined to an annual, visual review, and update of a Word document performed by the Regional Security Officer.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Jeff Lefler, Regional Security Officer, and Matthew Lappe, Assistant Regional Security Officer have overall responsibility for contact with most Latvian law enforcement agencies. Ann Mason, Political/Economic Officer, is responsible for compilation of the End Use Monitoring report.

Other U.S. Agency Assistance

Anton Kohut, DEA, has quarterly contact with the Latvian law enforcement agencies.

Counterpart Agencies

Latvian State Police
Latvian Police Academy
Anti-Corruption Bureau (KNAB).

Receipt

Documentation of use and receipt of equipment is done through a MOU.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

01/16/2009 - Latvian State Police
01/16/2009 - Latvian Police Academy
01/16/2009 - Anti-Corruption Bureau (KNAB).

INL Riga personally inspected 100% of the fifty-four (54) donated items subject to inspection. INL Riga conducted one on-site inspection. The inspection was performed on 1/16/09.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

There was limited use of discussions with host government agencies for clarification of the status of resources.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment was donated to upgrade the headquarters State Police Information Bureau and its headquarters offices. Post has confirmed that all computer donations made under INL program funding are now a minimum of eight years old and have reached the end of their useful. life. They will be no longer be monitored.

Surveillance Equipment

The regional DEA Office provided training on the equipment to both the State Police and the Anti-Corruption Bureau. Spot checks indicated that this equipment is being used as intended. All equipment is in good condition and accounted for.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The Latvian Police are using the following equipment for its intended purpose: night vision equipment, fibroscopes contraband detectors, pinhole cameras, video cameras, analytical software, gas chromatograph, and genetic analyzer. All items are in good condition; the genetic analyzer is used as a back-up since it is an older model.

Program Impact

Surveillance Equipment

All equipment continues to be coordinated into operational activities and is considered effective by the Latvian Police. The equipment provided by the USG to the Latvian law enforcement supports Embassy Riga’s mission objective to help professionalize and increase capabilities of Latvian law enforcement agencies.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

A computer sent to the Daugavpils Region cannot be located. Post was unable to track down the individual who made the donation (he has retired) and therefore, was not able to verify where the computer is currently located. Post believes, however, that the computer is no longer in use because the technology is obsolete.

SARAJEVO

Background

EUM Program Coordinator:

Susan J. Carroll, ICITAP Program Adviser, Tel. 202-448-3011 ext. 20012; nina.carroll@icitap.us

Inventory System

ICITAP procures equipment through their prime contractor, MPRI, Inc. As equipment is received, where possible, it is marked with an ICITAP bar code and entered into a database listing the item description, bar code number, serial number, value, and location stored. Upon donation, the database is updated with the agency name, accountable personnel (who signed for it), and the date of the donation. Where bar codes are not feasible, whatever data is available is entered and N/A placed where appropriate.

ICITAP maintains a warehouse protected by an alarm connected to the Embassy. Entry into the warehouse is governed by a “two-person rule.” As items are received, they are inventoried against the shipping manifest. MPRI is notified via an inspection and acceptance report signed by the program manager, which is tied to an internal audit number, and further tied to a specific project for accounting purposes.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

The ICITAP Program Manager has overall responsibility for his End Use Monitoring program.

The Senior Program Adviser provides oversight to the warehouse and two logistics personnel, in conducting periodic unannounced inventories. There was one change in personnel since the last report. A second logistics person was added.

ICITAP Technical Advisers assigned to the agencies have the responsibility of conducting spot checks of equipment, determining whether it is being used properly, and reporting positive and negative impacts as compared to the anticipated outcomes identified in the ICITAP Program Management Plan and the US Embassy Mission Strategic Plan.

Embassy Sarajavo Political Officer Gregory Shaw meets regularly with ICITAP country management, including the EUM Coordinator, to insure that all donations are in line with USG goals and delineated in Post’s Mission Strategic Plan and Country Assistance Strategy.

Counterpart Agencies

Ministry of /Security
Border Police
State Investigation and Protection Agency (SIPA)
Republika Srpska Ministry of Interior
Federal Ministry of Interior
Foreigner Affairs Service
University of Sarajevo Faculty for Criminal Justice Sciences
Canton 10
District of Broko
Ministry of Finance
Bosnia-Podrinje Canton
Herceg-Nereta Canton
Central Bosnian Canton
Zenica-Doboj Canton
West Herzegovina Canton
Posavina Cantohn
Una Sana Canton

All fully cooperated in the End Use Monitoring process.

Receipt

The ICITAP Program Manager provides MPRI, Inc. with an official letter advising them to release certain items to the recipient; to make a record of the donation; and maintain sign-over receipts. With regard to the new state level Ministry of Security, a memorandum is provided to the minister advising him of the intention of the United States to provide a donation prior to the letter being drafted to MPRI, Inc.

Sign-over receipts fully list the details of the donation and are signed for by either the agency head or his designated accountable person.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

Scheduled inspections were conducted at eighteen locations including all of the field offices and the major border crossing points, the BP warehouse, the FAS headquarters, the sixteen FAS field centers, and the Republika Srpaka at the Ministry of Interior headquarters.

Several thousand items were inspected from donations made over the last four years. About 90 percent of all items were personally inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Due to the influx of donations following the end of hostilities in 1995, the Government of Bosnia-Herzegovina has laws and books of rules governing their inventory system. Each agency is required to maintian a database of items and conduct periodic inventories.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

Over the course of the last four years, ICITAP has donated computer systems (CPU, monitor, mouse, and keyboard), server’s routers, switches, etc. in support of numerous IT project components and provided the new state level agencies with basic office equipment as they were standing them up. All of the state level agencies are operational now, though at varying levels of development. The Border Police, as the oldest state level agency, had by far the best inventory system and networks; both a LAN and a WAN are operational. With the realization of the State Police information Network (SPIN) which will be formally donated in 2009, eighty to eighty-five percent of the border offices will be connected.

Investigative Equipment

Investigative equipment included video and digital cameras, binoculars, night-visions devices, hand recorders, undercover wire, host negotiations throw phones, cell phones and cell phone chips.

Vehicles

In November 2005, the USG through ICITAP, donated 26 vehicles to the newly created Foreign Affairs Service (FAS). These vehicles are accounted for and in use. An additional six used Ford Explorers (used by ICITAP since 1998) were donated and subsequently traded for new vehicles by the FAS.

Status-Services

One INL-funded construction project was completed in 2008. The Federal Forensic laboratory, which will eventually become a State lab, was jointly renovated and equipped by the USG, the Spanish Government, and the European Commission Community Assistance for Reconstruction, and Stabilization.

Program Impact

The INL program donated resources have significantly increased the capacity of the state-level law enforcement agencies to control Bosnia’s borders; interdict trafficking; and conduct criminal investigations. ICITAP’s qualitative analysis indicates an increase in drug seizures, trafficking cases, and organized crime arrests since the Bosnian law enforcement agencies received the donated equipment.

The Ministry of Security, the State Investigation and Protection Agency, and the Foreign Affairs Service are state-level law enforcement agencies created at the behest of the USG with full ICITAP involvement. Standing up these organizations is an ongoing undertaking. The provision of training and equipment has greatly contributed to the functionality of these critical state-level institutions; however, continuing manpower shortages and political resistence have prevented the achievement in the Bosnian State Investigation and Protection Agency (SIPA) of the hoped for qualitative results. For example the SIPA Special Support Unit continues to use USG-donated equipment and vehicles as they conduct high-profile, high risk apprehensions of war criminals and organize crime fighters, suspected terrorists, and illegal immigrants awaiting deportations. This year SIPA made 79 arrests from 24 arrest orders with no injuries to either police personnel or suspects, despite the high threat nature of the suspects appended. This unit could not have conducted these operations safely without the very important equipment donated through ICITAP.

ICITAP is using the concept of communications interoperability as an agent for positive change of Law Enforcement in BiH. Communications interoperability specifically refers to the ability of law enforcement agencies to share information on demand, in real time, when needed and as authorized. Communication interoperability makes it possible for different law enforcement agencies to work effectively together. It also provides a platform to help Bosnia take steps toward more comprehensive sharing of security data.

The State Police information network deployed by the USG continues to significantly increase control at the borders. The soon to be donated project will connect eight to eight-five percent of the border offices. This newly enhanced ability for law enforcement agencies to share data in real-time greatly increases the chances of catching wanted felons and has the professional of interest on watch lists.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

The inventory record system of the State Investigation and Protection Agency has several weaknesses. Neither ICITAP bar code numbers nor serial numbers are captured in their database, making the inventory process very difficult. This issue will be addressed by the ICITAP Technical Advisers to the agency during 2009.

SKOPJE

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

ICITAP Senior Law Enforcement Advisor/Program Manager Timothy Faught, Tel: +389 2 310 2000 ext. 2388; FaughtTF@state.gov

Inventory System

Post maintains a manual filing system for all documents used to record donations. All records are also maintained in a spreadsheet format.

Staff Member Responsibilities

ICITAP Administrative Assistant Gordana Jankuloska and Senior Police Advisors Nesmith and Poiroux are responsible for assisting the SLEA/PM Timothy Faught in conducting inventories and on-site inspections of Equipment donated by INL.

Counterpart Agencies

The Ministry of Interior (MOI) of the Republic of Macedonia

Receipt

ICITAP uses donation letters and letters of grant acceptance to provide donations to host government representatives.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

A total of 17 inspections (7 scheduled and 10 unscheduled) were carried out in during 2008 and the beginning of 2009 at the following locations:

03/26/2009 - Helicopter Unit of the MOI
04/08/2009 - Canine Unit of the MOI
04/22/2009 - Organized Crime Department of the MOI
04/29/2009 - The Sector for Border Issues and Migration of the MOI
05/05/2009 - The Protective Service Unit of the MOI
05/08/2009 - The Public Affairs Sector of the MOI
05/12/2009 - The Professional Standards Unit of the MOI
07/14/2008 - Organized Crime Department of the MOI
07/15/2008 - Border Issues Regional Centre
07/30/2008 - Protective Service Unit of the MOI
09/11/2008 - Border Issues Regional Centre-South, Kavadrci
09/15/2008 - Professional Standards Unit of the MOI
09/16/2008 - Sector for Border Issues and Migration of the MOI
11/09/2008 - Border Issues Regional Centre-West. Ohrid
11/11/2008 - Canine Unit of the MOI
11/25/2008 - Border Issues Regional Centre-East, Kriva Palanka
11/28/2008 - Organized Crime Department of the MOI

There are 215 items subject to inspection. Seventy (70) percent of the donated items were personally inspected by the ICITAP-Macedonia staff.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources Status

For the remainder of the equipment, post relied on oral verification from MOI heads. Thirty (30) percent of donated items were inspected using secondary methods of monitoring resource status.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

In 2007, the Ministry of Interior received 7 laptops and 8 notebook computers as well as 32 desktop PCs and 22 printers.

Six laptops were distributed in the following manner: 4 laptops are used in the MOI Organized Crime Department (2 in anti-Drug and Weapons Unit, 1 in the Anti-Cyber and 1 is used by the Chief of the Organized Department), 1 is used in the MOI Public Affairs Sector and 1 in the MOI Forensic Department. One of the 5 laptops donated to the MOI Organized Crime Department is not accounted for.

The 8 notebook computers are all functional and in good condition. They are used by the MOI in the following manner: 1 in the Sector for the Border Issues and Migration in Skopje, 2 in the Border Issues Regional Centre-North, 2 in the Border Issues Regional Centre-East, 1 in Border Reginal Centre-West, 1 in the Police Station for securing the State Border Bogorodica and 1 in the Police Station for securing the state border-Solunski Pat.

The 32 PC’s are all in very good condition and distributed as follows: 21 PCs are used by the Professional Standards Unit in the MOI; 8 are used by the MPI Public Affairs Sector, 1 is used by the MOI Canine Unit, 1 by the MOI Helicopter Unit, and 1 by the MOI Organized Crime Department (in the Special Investigative Measures Sector).

Eighteen printers are in excellent condition. They were distributed for use in the MOI sectors and departments: 8 are used in regional units of the MPO Public Affairs Sector (1 in Skopje, 1 in Strumica, 1 in Tetova, 1 in Ohrid, 1 in Bitola, 1 in Kumanovo, 1 in Stip, 1 in Veles); 4 are used by the Border Police (1 in the Border Issues Regional Centre-West, 1 in the Border Issues Regional Centre-south, 1 in the Border Issues Regional Centre-East, 1 in the Police Station for securing the state border-Sopot); 2 are used in the MOI Organized Crime Department (1 in the Anti-Cyber Crimes Unit and 1 in the Anti-Money Laundering Unit) 1 printer in the MOI Canine Unit, 1 in the MOI Protective Services Unit, 1 in the MOI Helicopters Unit and 1 in the MOI Forensics Department; 4 of the 6 printers donated to the MOI Organized Department have not been accounted for.

Communications Equipment

In 2007, the following communications equipment was donated to the Ministry of Interior: 50 digital audio recorders, 14 digital cameras, one mini handy cam, 2 digital camcorders, 5 portable DVR’s, four 32” TV’s, 4 DVD recorders, 11 digital projectors with screens and 40 GPS units.

Thirty-six (36) of the 50 digital audio recorders are in Skopje and 14 are not accounted for.

The 14 digital cameras are distributed in the following manner: 8 are used by the MOI Border Police (1 by the Sector for Border Issues and Migration in Skopje, 2 in the Border Issues Regional Center-North, 2 by the Border Issues Regional Center-West, 2 by the Border Issues Regional Center-South and 1 by the Border Issues Regional Center-East), 4 are used by the Protectice Services Unit, 1 by the MOI Public Affairs Sector and 1 by the MOI Organized Crime Department (Operational Surveillance Section/Special Investigative Measures Sector).

The mini handy cam is in excellent condition and used by the Organized Crime Department of the MOI in the Operational Surveillance Section/Special Investigative Measure Sector.

One of the two digital camcorders is used by the MOI Protective Service Unit and the other by the Organized Crime Department (Operational Surveillance Section/Special Investigative Measures Sector).

Five portable DVR’s are used as follows: 4 are used by the MOI Border Police (1 by the Border Issues Regional Center-south, 1 by the Border Issues Regional Center-East, 1 by the Border Issues Regional Center-West and 1 by the Police Station for securing the State Border-Rogachevo) and 2 are used by the MOI Organized Crime Department in the Special Investigative Measures Sector /Operational Surveillance Section.

Two of the four 32” TV’s are in excellent condition and used in the MOI Organized Crime Department (1 in the Operational Surveillance Section and the other in the Anti-Drug & Special Weapons Unit), 1 is used in the MOI Canine Unit and 1 in the MOI Helicopter Unit.

The DVD recorders are in excellent condition. Two of the four DVD recorders are used by the MOI Organized Crime Department (one by the Operational Surveillance Section and the other by the OCD chief); one is used by the MOI Canine Unit and one by the MOI Helicopter Unit.

The 11 projectors donated to the MOI are used as follows: 8 are used by the MOI Border Police (one by the Sector for Border Issues and Migration in Skopje, 2 in the Border Issues Regional Centre-North, 2 in the Border Issues Regional Centre-East, one in the Border Issues Regional Centre-West, one in the Police Station for securing the State Border-Bogorodica and one in the Police Station for securing the State Border-Solunski Pat), one is used by the MOI Canine Unit, 1 by the MOI Helicopter Unit and one by the MOI Organized Crime Department in the Operational Surveillance Section/Special Investigative Measures Sector. All are in very good condition.

The 40 GPS units are in good condition and used by the MOI Border Police; namely 13 are used by the Border Issues Regional Centre-North, 12 are used by the Border Issues Reginal Centre-West, 7 are used by the Border Issues Regional Centre-South, 7 are used by the Border Issues Regional Centre-East and one is used by the Sector for Border Issues and Migration in Skopje.

Miscellaneous

In 2007, an endoscope and 5 thermal imagers were donated to the MOI. All are in excellent condition. Five thermal imagers are used by the MOI Border Police (1 in the Police Station from securing the Border-Bogorodica, 1 in the Police Station for securing the State Border–Rogachevo and 1 in the Police station for securing the border–Debar) and two thermal imagers are used by the MOI Organized Crime Department (Special Investigative Measures Sector/Operational Surveillance Section).

The endoscope is used by the Border Police in the Police Station for securing the State Border-Bogorodica.

Vehicles

Nine vehicles were donated to the MOI in 2007 and 2008. An Opel Frontier is used by the Chief of the MOI Organized Crime Department and is in good condition. The eight Ford Fiesta Comforts, provided for donation by the FBI, are used in the Crime Intelligence Sector of the MOI Organized Crime Department, one in each of the 8 police regions-Skopje, Tetovo, Bitola, Ohrid, Kumanovo, Stip, Veles and Strumica. All are in perfect condition.

Ministry of Interior  
Opel Frontera  
Fiesta Comforts  8  

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

The communication equipment donated to the MOI has contributed to the increased performance of the Ministry in general, strengthening its capacity for collecting, storing and sharing information.

Computer Equipment

The donation of the computer equipment to the various MOI sectors and departments has been very well received and has been put into effective use, particularly so in the case of the Professional Standards/Internal Control Unit which has seen improved operations with the installation of the PSU software and the 21 new desktop PCS.

Vehicles

The vehicles donated to the Organized Crime Department have largely increased the mobility and efficiency of the Department staff, resulting in an increased number of arrests and cases solved.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The thermal images and the endoscope provided to the MOI have particularly improved the efficiency of the Border Police and resulted in increasing the number of seizures and strengthening the security of the state borders.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

There are a few pieces of equipment for which the Ministry of Interior has not been unable to account for and post has been unable to inspect including one laptop, 4 printers, and 14 digital audio recorders-all donated to the Organzied Crime Department of MOI. Post is working with the Organized Crime Department counterparts on locating these items. Post believes that an oversight in the relocation of the equipment could be a plausible explanation.

SOFIA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Joslyn Mack-Wilson, TEL: 359 2 937 5276; mack-wilsonjg@state.gov

Inventory System

Post maintains EUM listings of donated material and its status

Staff Member Responsibilities

Rule of Law Specialist, Radostina Mihalkova, completes End Use reporting audits, along with the Political Officer.

Counterpart Agencies

Ministry of Interior (MOI) Academy
The National Forensics Institute (NFI)
The Ministry of Justice
The Directorate for Combating Organized and Serious Crime (BOP)
Local Police Plovdiv
Interior Ministry Psychological Institute
Regional Appellate Prosecutors Office

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

Post conducted on-site inspections of the most valued INL donated equipment located at the National Forensics Institute (NFI) and the Interior Ministry Academy.

Six hundred twenty-three (623) items were subject to inspection. Forty-five (45) percent of the items were personally inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources Status

In January 2009, post received reports and discussed the status of INL equipment with host government officials in January 2009 with the Ministry of Justice Directorate for Organized Crime and the Interior Ministry Psychological Institute. In May 2009, post held further discussions with the local police in Plovdiv, and the Regional Appellate Proscecutors Office. All equipment in these locations was monitored using secondary methods.

Fifty-five (55) percent of the items were inspected using secondary methods of monitoring resource status.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment donated to the National Forensic Institute in 2000 is in use beyond its anticipated life. The following equipment will be retired: HP PC with 17-inch HP monitor (121); HP Laserjet 2100 printer (5); Best Power Patriot II UPS (12); HP Compaq PC (1); HP LaserJet printer (1); HP monitor (1); IBM PC (1); NEC LCD monitor (1).

The majority of equipment donated to the BOP in 2001 is in use beyond its anticipated useful life. Post is retiring the following equipment: IBM ThinkPad laptop (1); IBM Met/vista PC (7); HP LaserJet printer (3); 3M multimedia projector (1); 3M Tripod projection screen (1).

The following equipment was donated to the Interior Ministry Academy in 2007 and remains in good working condition: Canon digital camera, HP printer Laserjet 1005 series, HP printer (color) deskJet 3425, InFocus wireless module for multi-media projector, TECRA S2 laptop model.

Laboratory Equipment

A second-hand polarizing microscope from the 1970’s was donated to the NFI in 2007, without an adopter and lenses. After the NFI provided an adaptor and extra lenses, it was transferred to the regional laboratory in Plovdiv. Post is retiring this equipment from its inventory list.

A second hand Gas Chromatograph was donated to the NFI in 2005. It has outlived its useful life and is being retired.

A second hand Video Spectral Comparator VSCI was donated to the NFI in 2004. After being replaced by the VSC5000, the VSCI was transferred to the Nix’s regional laboratory in Plovdiv, where it is occasionally used. Post is retiring it from its inventory list.

Two second-hand electronic balances were donated to the Institute in 2006. Post is retiring this equipment from its inventory list.

Eight electronic balances Sartorius (8) were donated in 2006 and are in good working order and in use. Four of the balances are in use at the NFI’s headquarters, two in its Drugs Analysis Division, one in the Physical/Chemical Analysis Division. The other four balances were moved to the Institute’s regional branches in Sliven, Targovishte, Pernik and Smolyan.

A video spectral comparator model unit was donated in 2005. It is in working order and in use in the NFI’s operations.

Furniture

Post is retiring two executive deck chairs, an executive desk, four (4) utility chairs, a round table, two tables and a two-drawer filing cabinet.

Miscellaneous Equipment

A polygraph machine was donated in 2005 and is operational. A gas/chromatograph/mass spectrometer was donated in 2004 to the NFI and is in good condition and in use.

Program Impact

Laboratory Equipment

The laboratory equipment donated to the NFI is useful in analyzing the evidence collected during investigations. On the basis of the analysis, the NFI provides prosecution service with expert opinions used during trials. The portability of the polygraph machine donated to the MOI Psychology Institute allows it to be used in criminal investigations across the country.

Computer Equipment

The computer equipment was donated to the Bulgarian Government under prior year INL programs, but remains valuable to the operations of the Bulgarian law enforcement authorities.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

None

TBILISI

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Ms. Laura Malenas Tel: 995-32-70-00 ext. 7106; malenasla2@state.gov

Inventory System

An automated tracking system has been implemented using an Excel spreadsheet developed by the INL Senior Police Adviser.

Staff Members Responsibilities

There are three full-time INL staff members and one intermittent adviser in the office and all have a part in the accounting process. The part-time Forensic Adviser maintains a focus on the accountability and use of the donated laboratory equipment with the National Forensic Bureau (NFBN); the full-time Senior Adviser is primarily responsible for all donated items that are located within the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MOIA), the Patrol Police and the Police Academy; the Resident Legal Adviser is assigned to the DOJ OPDAT but his position is fully funded by INL and has responsibility for donated items located in the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) and the probation office; the LES Program Coordinator serves a pivotal role in maintaining the Excel spreadsheet data base.

Other USG Agency Assistance

With the exception of OPDAT, there are no other USG agencies involved with INL Tbilisi.

Counterpart Agencies

Patrol Police
Police Academy
Criminal Police
Ministry of Internal Affairs (MOIA)
Ministry of Justice (MOJ),
NFB
Probation Department

Receipt of Host Government Donations

Documentation of donated items is via MOU’s and handover receipts. Prior to donation, all items were delivered to the embassy warehouse where they were accounted for and entered into the tracking system.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

INL Tbilisi uses both scheduled and unscheduled on-site inspections to establish the locations and condition of donated items and equipment. Post performed scheduled on-site inspections as follows: Police Academy-12, Georgian Bureau of Forensics-6, Prosecutor General’s building-7. Post performed unscheduled on-site inspections as follows: Police Academy-12, National Forensics Bureau-6, Prosecutor General’s building-none.

Forty-three (43) counterpart sites and cities visited.

11/17/2008 - Kutaisi (capital of Imereti region); Batumi (capital of Adjara region)
11/18/2008 - Zugdidi (capital of Samegrelo region)
11/20/2008  -Telavi (capital of Kakheti region)
11/21/2008 - Gori (capital of Shida Kartli region)
01/28/2008 - National Forensic Bureau
03/26/2008 - National Forensic Bureau
04/08/2008 - National Forensic Bureau
06/07/2008 - National Forensic Bureau
10/13/2008 - National Forensic Bureau
11/09/2008 - National Forensic Bureau
11/21/2008 - Procuracy
04/24/2008 - Procuracy
05/17/2008 - Procuracy
06/12/2008 - Procuracy
07/11/2008 - Procuracy
09/10/2008 - Procuracy
10/10/2008 - Procuracy
01/04/2008 - Police Academy
01/24/2008 - Police Academy
02/27/2008 - Police Academy
03/20/2008 - Police Academy
04/17/2008 - Police Academy
05/22/2008 - Police Academy
06/18/2008 - Police Academy
07/10/2008 - Police Academy
08/12/2008 - Police Academy
09/10/2008 - Police Academy
10/07/2008 - Police Academy
11/06/2008 - Police Academy
12/29/2008 - Police Academy
01/17/2008 - National Forensic Bureau
04/24/2008 - National Forensic Bureau
05/02/2008 - National Forensic Bureau
07/23/2008 - National Forensic Bureau
08/14/2008 - National Forensic Bureau
09/12/2008 - National Forensic Bureau

The number of item subject to inspection was 6,557. Approximately 70% of those items were physically inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources

INL Tbilisi used both discussions and office visits with Georgian Government officials as the secondary means of monitoring donated resources.

INL and the INL-funded resident Legal Adviser (RLA) assigned equipment to numerous locations throughout the country. All equipment donated by RLA was purchased through the DOJ/OPDAT contractor agency SAIC that assisted RLA from 1999 through 2005. Within the regions, post relied on scheduled inspections, periodic meetings and visits with respective agency host nation government decision-making level personnel to monitor use and to physically inspect the equipment.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

During 2001-2005, INL donated 4 desktop computers, a laptop, and a server for The Ministry of Internal Affairs’ (MOIA’s) internal use to expedite information processing. During the same period, RLA donated to the Prosecutor General’s Office: 47 desktop computers, 1 laptop, 27 printers, and a flat bed scanner. In the summer of 2005, INL provided the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) with 12
desktop computers and 12 printers all located in the National Forensic Bureau (NFB) laboratory. INL and RLA have physically accounted for all of the listed items. The items in the thirteen regions are in Procuracy’s Offices which are equipped with law libraries. The RLA accounted for the equipment by either an actual visit or by telephonic contact with the local prosecutors.

In June 2006, INL Tbilisi completed phase 1 of a computerization program for the Patrol Police and its parent agency, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MOIA). This program established a database for all vehicle registrations in the country to allow the police to know if a vehicle was stolen. To complete phase 1, INL provided the following: 90 user licenses, 2 server licenses, 1 central
server, 5 Encryption/VPN software licenses, 1 wireless service provider link, 16 computer terminal licenses, plus training and testing for 90 police officers. The equipment is located in MOIA’s main building in Tbilisi.

In 2007, INL procured and delivered a multimedia and business computer, a LCD monitor, an Opti UPS, a camcorder, and a DVD recorder to the MOIA media center in Tbilisi to support production of various Public Service Announcements (PSA). The Police Academy received a computer to support the making of training videos with two Corsair 2 GB memory, 1 wireless mouse, 1 Pinnacle Studio Movie Board (w/microphone), 2 hard drives, 1 video card, 1 power supply, 1 Eclipse key board, 1 Intel motherhood, and 1 Intel core processor.

Communications Equipment

In 2004, INL donated 12 hand-held two-way Motorola radios that are now located in the Criminal Investigations Office and used for crime scene control purposes. All of the above listed equipment is operational with no problems reported.

In 2005, INL donated 1 facsimile machine, located within MOIA’s HQ. RLA donated to the Prosecution Service 18 fax machines; 6 are located in the various law libraries; 1 is in the National Money Laundering Bureau; and 1 is in the Civil Rights Unit.

In 2007, INL donated a HP multimedia and business computer system with HP video software package with a movie board system in order for the Police Academy to launch and support its website. Other affiliated equipment includes a printer, a camcorder with additional lighting tripods, and a wireless microphone.

In 2008, INL donated 20 ICOM radio sets complete with earpieces, chargers and a repeater for surveillance work to the MOIA Special Operatives Department, Anti-Narcotics Unit.

Vehicles

In June 2005, ten small four-wheel drive vehicles (Llada Nivas) were donated to the Department of Justice Bureau of Probation for the purpose of allowing caseworkers to check on probationers. The vehicles have been distributed throughout the country and all are accounted for. There have been no reported maintenance issues with any of the vehicles.

Department of Justice Bureau of Probation 
Llada Nivas  10  


Laboratory Equipment

In 2005, the Forensic Bureau Laboratory was equipped with new office furnishings. These consisted of eight conference tables, 120 conference chairs, 210 office chairs, 131 office desks of various sizes, 30 laboratory chairs (stools), 70 filing cabinets and four executed style desk chairs. Furthermore, INL donated 90 laboratory dividers and 20 laboratory benches. In 2004, a $100,000 generator capable of powering the entire laboratory was installed.

In 2006, INL donated the following scientific equipment: HP (Hewlett Packard) Mass Spectrometer, HP Gas chromotograph, HP Gauge Controller, HP Chem Station, HP Monitor, HP Gas Chromatograph Control, Agilent (Hewlett Packard) Mass Spectrometer W/3 controllers, auto sampler, Vacuum pump, Gas Chromatograph, 2 Agilent Gas Chromatograph W/additional related items,
HP HPLC W/related items, assorted ink analysis equipment (glassware) and chemicals, stereo microscopes (4 each), ultraviolet observation box (for examination of questionable documents) 1 each, Hydrogen Generator (2 each) and assorted small parts and tools, assorted safety and first aid equipment, petrolab petroleum testing system model ADU-4 w/supporting ancillary equipment and parts, petroleum laboratory fume hoods (4 each) w/installation materials, toxic-lab narcotics testing system w/parts and accessories (1 each), Toxi-lab fume hood (1 each).

All of the listed equipment is located in the Forensic Bureau and has been physically inspected by the Senior Forensic Adviser. Due to the poor electrical system within the Bureau, few of the more robust equipment has actually been installed. As soon as the scheduled refurbishment is completed, all equipment will be installed.

In 2007, INL provided Georgia’s Forensic Bureau with 2 large Universal Power supplies (UPS) and a Projection Comac, 1 ballistics microscope with all the required components, and a bullet recovery system and 2 stereo microscopes for bullet inspection analysis.

In 2008, INL continued its support to the National Forensic Bureau by donating an assortment of tools, kits and other gunsmith supplies specifically for the testing and comparative study of ballistic evidence (expended cartridges and bullets). Additionally, immediately after the cessation of hostilities in August, INL Tbilisi stepped forward and procured urgently needed reagents and chemicals for DNA identification of fallen soldiers who could not be identified through other means.

In 2008, INL sponsored a three-week crime scene security and search training course for active crime technicians. The focus of the course was for the proper identification classification and recovery of evidentiary items. To sustain the newly qualified personnel, INL donated 15 complete evidence collection kits to the MOIA Criminal Unit, under the Ministry’s Forensic Laboratory.

Miscellaneous Equipment

In 2007, post procured and donated to the Police School 50 gymnasium mats, 10 sets of training handcuffs, 20 sets of Smith & Wesson handcuffs, 15 handcuff keys, 20 blue Glock training pistols and 20 blue AK 47’s (non-lethal). All items have been accounted for during the past twelve months either by physical inspection or telephone verification.

In 2005, INL donated a variety of equipment to MOIA’s Public Affairs Media and Press Center. The equipment includes assorted cameras, recorders, lightning equipment. In terms of direct police support equipment, the MOIA has 55 Level III ballistic vests, hand-held spotlights for patrol vehicles (100 ea), hand-held megaphones (20 each), car entry devices (Slim Jims) (40 sets), police barrier tape (2500 rolls), reflective road triangles (1,000 sets), plastic flex-cuffs (5000 packages), and night vision binoculars (2 each). Additionally, the Patrol Police has eleven (11) hurst tools for removing accident victims from wrecked vehicles.

In 2006, INL provided the Police Academy with a Fire Arms Training System (FATS) to better train officers in life threatening situations requiring a shoot/don’t shoot decision. INL has also donated to the MOIA Police Academy in Tbilisi 25 Red Man Training knives, 4 body opponent bags, 12 Red man mats, 20 Red Man strike shields, and 40 Red Man training batons.

Also in 2006, INL provided the Patrol Police with 3,000 wood police batons, 3,000 batan belt holders, 3,000 police traffic whistles, and 3,000 high visibility traffic vests. With the exception of the PAO equipment which is located in the MOIA headquarters in Tbilisi, all other items have been distributed within Tbilisi and the regions.

INL donated the following to the MOIA Police Academy in Tbilisi: 25 Red Man training knives, 4 body opponent bags, 12 Red Man student suits, 3 Red Man instructor suits, 4 Red Man Mats, 20 Red Man strike shields, and 40 Red Man training batons. With the exception of the PAO equipment, all other items have been distributed within Tbilisi and the regions. Through RLA, Procuracy’s Criminal Investigative Unit received two refurbished interview rooms complete with two-way mirrors.

To support the facilities, the following electrical sound and video items were provided: video cameras (2), video recorders (2), audio recorders (2), video monitor (1) Furthermore, this same unit has a Crime Scene Search responsibility. To support this mission, they were provided with a LCD projector (1), digital camera (1), video recorder (1), micro recorder (1), tape recorder (1), digital recorder (1), television (1), metal detector (1), and a video work station (1). In February 2007, Prosecution Services transferred the last two listed items (metal detector and a video work station) to MOIA’s Forensic Unit upon MOIA’s request.

During 2001-2002, the Procuracy received 16 copiers, 16 small generators, 32 sets of shelves, 16 sets of law books, 16 computer work stations w/chairs, 16 conference tables, and 128 conference chairs. All of these items were given in support of the sixteen Tbilisi and regional law libraries. Due to the Procuracy’s restructuring and significant renovations over the last two years in its 30 offices, some of the offices have been moved to new locations and some did not maintain a separate law library. However, they retained all USG donated equipment.

In 2005, the RLA provided the Civil Rights Unit of Prosecution Service’s Legal Affairs Department six computer work stations, w/chairs, six file cabinets, twelve sets of shelves, one conference table w/eight chairs, and six small office safes. All of this equipment remains with the Legal Affairs Department.

Also in 2005, the RLA using INL funding, donated to the Prosecutor General’s Criminal Investigative Unit 2 refurbished interview rooms complete with two-way mirrors. To support these 2 facilities, RLA provided the following electrical sound and video items: video camera (2 each), video recorders (2 each), audio recorders (2 each), video monitor (1 each). Furthermore, the same unit has a crime scene search responsibility and to support that mission they were provided with a LCD projector (1 each), digital camera (1 each), video recorder (1 each), micro reader ( each) tape recorder (1 each), digital recorder (audio) (1 each), television (1 each), metal detector (1 each), video work station (1 each).

In 2003, the RLA donated one copier to the Supreme Court. In 2004, the Money Laundering Bureau was given one copy machine, 20 conference chairs, ten small desks, seven sets of bookshelves, two office tables, ten “L” shaped desks, four file cabinets, one conference table, one internal office telephone network, ten telephones, one sound recording system, five security cameras, and one security system w/monitor.

In 2008, INL donated a set of simultaneous translation equipment to the Police Academy. The equipment was comprised of 42 headsets, 70 receivers, 4 wired microphones, 3 wireless microphones, sound proof translators’ booth large enough for 2 persons. In addition, INL donated a variety of English language books to support the English language training course held at the Academy. INL further assisted the Academy with a myriad of consumable/disposal medical items to be used as training aids for the “First Responder Emergency Training” course. The curriculum and the accompanying power point presentation was prepared by the Senior Police Adviser.

In 2008, INL donated a secondary shooter training system manufactured by Laser Shot. This new equipment will allow the Academy to instruct basic shooting and safety skills to new police recruits without having to fire live ammunition which is a precious commodity. The student officers will qualify on the range after their basic skills training.

In 2008, INL supplied the Academy’s tactical training section with permanently retro-fitted non-lethal Glock pistols. These pistols may only fire a non-lethal (paint ball) cartridge. This training package allows students to perform actual police tactical skills training (i.e. building, room, hall, and stairway searches) and engage active shooters without a loss of life.

In 2008, INL continued its support to the National Forensic Bureau by donating an assortment of tools, kits and other gunsmith supplies specifically for the testing of a comparative study of ballistics evidence (expanded cartridges and bullets). Additionally, immediately after the cessation of hostilities in August, INL Tbilisi stepped forward and procured urgently needed reagents and chemicals for DNA identification of fallen soldiers who could not be identified through other means.

Also in 2008, INL sponsored a three-week crime scene security and search training course for active crime scene technicians. The focus of the course was active crime scene identification, classification and recovery of evidentiary items. To sustain the newly qualified personnel, INL donated 15 complete evidence collection kits to the MOIA Criminal network, under the Ministry’s Forensic Laboratory.

In 2008, INL supplied the MOIA Police Academy with student and instructor uniform shirts and caps in the following quantities: 498 long sleeve shirts, 2,603 short shirts, and 3,016 caps.

INL has provided two moulage (simulated wound) kits to the Police Academy. The first of these was donated to support the newly created training class for the First Responder Medical Aid curriculum. This curriculum package was developed by the Senior Police Adviser. The second kit was donated to support the enhanced crime scene search and evidence retrieval course. This course material was also developed by the Senior Police Adviser. Three mannequins were also donated for the crime scene practical exercises to simulate victims.

Status-Services

Construction Projects

The National Forensics Bureau’s 9-story building has undergone a major overhaul involving heating, sanitary, electrical, and air conditioning systems, as well as the replacement of the archaic elevators and the roof. Additionally, laboratory work spaces and other functional areas have been re-configured to meet the needs of the Georgian Forensics community. The approximate cost is $1.2 million. It is 80 percent completed.

A combination classroom and billet structure is being constructed at the present Police Academy location. This new addition will enable the Academy to house a total of 250 students for instruction and to bed down 125 individuals on the upper floors. It is 50% completed. A gymnasium is also under construction. Currently, the police cadets from the regions are required to find their own accommodation in Tbilisi. A tender has been issued for construction of a new, safer pistol range within the confines of the Police Academy property. The approximate cost is $1.7 million.

An English Language Center was completed within the main Police Academy building. IOM was the project implementer. The approximate cost was $241,721. The project is 100% completed.

Three regional evidence collection and storage centers have been completed. These facilities are designed to hold, catalog, and safeguard evidentiary items as they are being prepared for final movement to the National Forensics Bureau for Scientific Analyses. These facilities were also completed by IOM with a grant from INL. The project is 100% completed.

Canine Units

The Ministry of Internal Affairs K-9 kennels have been refurbished so the police canine dogs may be adequately housed. In 2006, 60 of 120 dogs died due to weather exposure and inadequate housing. The newly refurbished kennels have cover to shelter all the dogs as well as radiant heat and fans for better air circulation. Additionally, the veterinarian facilities have been refurbished to assist in the care of the animals and to support a newly initiated breeding program. There is also a Forensic Laboratory located on the property which was fitted with a new roof, windows, and floors. This refurbishment was completed by IOM with INL funding. It is 100% completed.

Demand Reduction Projects

With the support from INL, the Ministry of Defense of Georgia has implemented an Anti-TIP training and awareness program for military personnel. Using curriculum materials developed by the IOM, the program includes a training DVD and printed material for troops who deployed to Iraq in January. In addition to meeting this time sensitive requirement, training was accomplished for nearly 400 commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers. Train-the-trainer sessions for instructors were also conducted by IOM to ensure sustainability of the program. A second iteration of train-the-trainer was completed in July to provide instruction for the second brigade of troops scheduled to deploy at the end of the year before the conflict with Russia in August prevented that deployment.

With the assistance and material support of INL Tbilisi, the press office of the Ministry of Internal Affairs has produced four Public Service Announcements (PSA’s). Two of these deal directly with the dangers of drug consumption; the remaining two are about the dangers of driving while intoxicated.

Program Impact

Radios

The Anti-Narcotics Unit of the Special Operatives Department has increased its capability to conduct more efficient and covert surveillance operations to more effectively combat crime.

Crime Scene Kits

The Crime Scene Search Unit can now carry out searches of crime scenes and identify, classify, retrieve, and package valuable evidence which will greatly enhance the ability to prosecute criminal cases.

Ballistics equipment

The National Forensic Bureau now has the proper tools and kits to conduct ballistics testing in keeping with international standards.

DNA Supplies

The infusion of the urgently needed reagents and chemicals for DNA identification provided the Forensics Bureau the ability to establish the identity of fallen Georgian soldiers and civilians killed during the August 2008 conflict with Russia.

Translation Equipment

The Police Academy now may conduct training which is presented by non-Georgian speakers and have presentations translated into Georgian simultaneously. Conferences with international law enforcement experts are not feasible.

Laser Shot

This new equipment will allow the Police Academy to instruct basic shooting and safety skills to new police recruits without having to fire live ammunition which is prohibitively expensive. The student officers will qualify on the range after their basic skills training.

Police Academy Simulations

This training package allows students to perform actual police tactical skills training (i.e. building, room hall, and stairway searches) and engage active shooters using paintball rounds in retro-fitting training handguns.

Uniforms

The addition of both student and instructor uniforms has greatly increased the morale of all personnel affiliated with the Academy. The uniforms also add a large degree of professionalism to the institution. Previously, all students and instructors wore civilian clothing.

Moulage Kits and Furnishings

The practical exercises for both the enhanced crime scene search and evidence retrieval courses have become far more realistic and greatly contribute to a much higher level of training for the Georgian Police.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Fire Arms Training Simulator (FATS)

The system has been down for several months due to the unsuitable environmental conditions of the room where it is located. INL had adequate air-conditioning and heating installed which appear to have rectified the problem. Also, any repair work that is required must be performed at the manufacturer in the United States. Shipping the simulator back and forth greatly caused further delays.

Ballistic Microscope

The laboratory experienced a problem with the projectina ballistics microscope when it was relocated within the laboratory. A technician was required to travel in February 2008 from Projectina AG, Switzerland. The technician re-calibrated the instrument and also trained the entire ballistic staff in the same procedures. The INL Senior Forensic Advisor instructed the Laboratory Director to establish a standard operating procedure (SOP) on the use and care of the microscope. The SOP has been established and there have been no further difficulties with the instruments.

Unmonitored Resources

In 2006, INL Tbilisi purchased several items of equipment for the newly organized Patrol Police. Initially, due to lack of funding, the officers were equipped with pistols and handcuffs. This did not afford the officers to have an intermediate, less-than-lethal option if assaulted by a suspect. INL Tbilisi purchased 3000 straight wood police batons and belt holders to correct this shortfall. INL Tbilisi also purchased 3,000 high visibility traffic vests for safety. These vests make an officer more visible to the monitoring public as they direct traffic flow required. The vests and batons have been distributed to the individual officers and as such cannot be adequately monitored.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

The Fire Arms Training simulator has been problematic due to the fact that the Academy uses the system on a frequent basis as a pre-range training vehicle. Due to heavy use, the system has crashed twice necessitating shipping the computer mother board to the United States for needed repairs. As a result, the system can be out of action for 2 to 3 months at a time.

The Laser Shot System came equipped with 4 simulator pistols that are intended to be used to calibrate the system when it is started each training day. The instructors at the Academy have been using these calibration pistols as a regular training device. All four are down and INL is waiting for replacement. The instructors have been advised to cease using them as a regular training weapon.

TIRANA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

ICITAP Albania Program Manager Darrel Hart; darrel.hart@icitap.us

Other U.S. Government Assistance

ICITAP Contract Advisers are assigned to advise and mentor Albanian officials at the Ministry of Interior (MOI), the Albanian State Police (ASP) headquarters, the ASP Academy, the Ministry of Public Works Transport and the Telecommunications (MOTT)’s Office of Maritime Security and Albania’s International seaports.

Host Government Agency Recipients

Albanian State Police (ASP)
Ministry of Interior (MOI)
Ministry of Public Works Transport and Telecommunications (MOTT)

Receipt

All ICITAP donations are accompanied by donation letters that specify the quantity, item description, model, serial number, cost, and intended purpose of material being provided.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

January 2009

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

TIMS IT equipment provides a secondary method of near real-time monitoring via the network operations center. Technicians can remotely access the status and avail themselves of most components electronically. This centralized monitoring function also gives the ability to ensure donated assets are being used appropriately.

Status-Commodities

Surveillance Equipment

Investigative support equipment was donated to the ICITAP Organized Crime Program in 2004. The equipment was divided between five organized task force units. It is located in Tirana, Fier, Vlora, Durres and Shkoder. It is being stored within the Regional Prosecutors Office. As these task forces have all but been dismantled, the equipment is presently going unused. Negotiations are continuing to have this equipment transferred to the Judicial Police of the Districts.

Noki Spy Phones and Night Vision Goggles were donated to the Organized Crime Directorate (OC) of ASP. The OC Director maintains accountability for these items and continues to use them during investigations.

Law Enforcement Equipment

Equipment donated to the Port Security Forces facilities in Durres, Vlora, Shengjin and Saranda include web belts, flalshlights, magaphones, handcuffs, night vison equipment, metal detectors, inspection mirrors, traffic control cones, body armor, protective plates, and Redman training suits. The equipment is used daily in the conduct of Port Security Force operations and vehicle inspections. The training suit is used during training events for defensive tactics traianing. It is in good condition.

Copier and Printers

Three laptops and 12 digtial cameras were donated to the ASP Criminal Intelligence Analysis Center in March 2006. The equipment is used by the ICITAP Albania Organized Crime Program. The Koinika copier/printer and HP Laserjet printer is in use by the ASP Professional Standards Directorate. They are used in support of Director’s Office operations. Items are in fair condition.

Computer Equipment

One human resource database software package and two used computers were donated to ICITAP’s Law Enforcement Development in 2007. Three laptop computers and 12 digital cameras were donated to the ASP Criminal Intelligence Analysis Sector in March 2006. The equipment is maintained at ASP headquarters. The computers have allowed personnel to visit the
OC and Criminal Police facilities throughout Albania and document intelligence and police information previously stored informally within Commissariats and Directorates.

While implementation of Total Information Management (TIMS) assistance was ongoing throughout 2007, a significant amount of computer and related technical equipment purchased by ICITAP was in daily operational use of intended end-users at the MOI, police directorates, commissariats, and border crossing point facilities. Due to technical and access necessities related to project implementation, official donation of all TIMS-related equipment will be conducted once primary system handovers and donations are fully established and in place.

The establishment of TIMS at 15 of 17 Albanian border crossings points, and the interaction between TIMS-provided border control and criminal intelligence information systems, directly resulted in the apprehension of 183 persons in 2007.

The INL-funded and ICITAP-provided TIMS Voice-Over-Internet-Protocol (VOIP) digital phone system has enhanced ASP communications throughout the law enforcement community at no cost. VOIP has facilitated new management capabilities for ASP commanders and insured improved communications at all major police deployment sites.

Surveillance Equipment

In June 2005, physical and electronic surveillance equipment was donated to the ICITAP Albania Organized Crime Program. All of the equipment is well maintained and stored in the OC Directorate’s headquarters when not being used in the field. The equipment has been used in most of the narcotics and trafficking investigations in the past two and a half years resulting in numerous arrests and the seizure of drugs and weapons. Investigative support equipment donated in 2004 was divided among five Organized Task Force Units. The equipment is in Tirana, Fier, Vlora, Durres and Shkoder and being stored within the Regional Prosecutor’s Office. As these forces have been dismantled, the equipment is currently not being used. Negotiations are continuing to have this equipment transferred to the Judicial Police in each of the districts. All equipment is accounted for.

Four Automated Ship Identification Systems (AIS) were donated to four international ports’ authorities in 2006. Through discussions with the directors of international ports, post verified that all of the equipment was in place and functioning for its intended purpose.

The spy phone was used and repaired on numerous occasions and is now beyond repair. It will be removed from the CITAP inventory.

Communications Equipment

In 2007, ten hand-held radios were donated to the ICITAP Integrated Border Management Program for use in processing deported persons and cross border communications. They are used at the International Airport and land border crossings. All are serviceable and in use.

In 2005, voice recorders, memory sticks, digital cameras, camcorders, and batteries were donated to the Organized Crime Directorate of the Albanian State Police for the exclusive use of the Organized Crime offices in twelve police directorates of Albania.

In 2004, ICITAP donated three hand-held radios, ICOM model IC-F15 Transceiver VHF to the Port Security Force, Port of Durres Authority. Two of the radios are in good working condition and are used by the Port Security Force (PSF) in Durres. The other radio is in use by the Port Security Office in Viora Port.

Vehicles

One used Mitsubishi Pajero sport was donated to ICITAP in July 2007. The vehicle is in good working order and used for general transportation by the Office of International Cooperation. Five Mitsubishi Pinim vehicles were donated to ICITAP in July 2004. They are assigned to the Anti-Trafficking Sector of the OC Directorate. Four are in good working condition and assigned to regional field duty, one to the Anti-Trafficking headquarters, one to the Tirana Police, one to the Durres Police, and one to the Eier Police. The
fifth vehicle was totally destroyed after being involved in a traffic accident in Elbasan. The vehicles have allowed the investigators to appear at the crime scene. Two Yamaha motorcycles were donated to ICITAP in January 2004 for undercover use by the Special Operations Sector. They are in good working order and well maintained.

The FBI donated five Mitsubishi Pajeros to the Anti-Trafficking Sector of the Organized Crime vice Directorate in 2004. ICITAP donated two motorcycles to the Special Operation Sector of the Organized Crime Vice-Directorate in 2004. Three vehicles are in good working order and assigned to regional field duty. A fourth vehicle is at the ASP motorpool undergoing mechanical repair, while a fifth vehicle was totally destroyed in a traffic accident. The two motorcycles are used in undercover operations by the Special Operations Sector. They are in good working order and well-maintained.

Special Operations 
Motorcycle  
Mitsubishi Pajero  2  


Anti-Trafficking 
Mitsubishi Pinin  4  


Police 
Mitsubishi Pinin  1  


Office of International Cooperation 
Mitsubishi Pajero Sport  1  


Albanian National Police 
Mitsubishi Pajero   1  


Canine Equipment

Newly constructed kennels were donated for the use of the Police Commissioner’s Office in 2004. The kennel in Rinas Airport is used by the Police Commissariat, but it has some problems with ventilation. The kennels in Durres and Durres ports are in use.

Miscellaneous Equipment

In May 2006, ultra violet fluorescent lanterns were donated to the Border and Migration Police personnel of the Albanian State Police for the inspection and verification of travel documents. ICITAP donated a Scantron data collection and assessment machine, software and testing templates to the Albanian Police Academy for the exclusive use of the ASP Recruitment Unit. ICITAP on-site advisers have verified proper use of these items, which enables standardized testing of applicants for the Police Academy basic course.

Four Automatic Identification Systems (AIS) ship tracking devices, together with antennas, installations, and operation manuals translated into Albanian by ICITAP were donated to the MOTT in November 2006. The equipment is for the exclusive use of the Harbor Masters of the ports of Furres, Lora, Shengjin and Saranda. ICITAP has confirmed that this equipment is being used for its intended law enforcement purpose.

On November 2006, one used copy machine was donated to the ASP Office of International Control (OIC) of the MOI for the exclusive use of OIC offices. The copy machine is located at the Sector of Information Analysis, OIC, and is in good condition.

The OIC provided a written status of previous ICITAP donations made in 2004 and 2005 and notes that all are in good technical condition with the exception of three “Olympia” fax machines, which are inoperable. The MOI has determined that repairing them would require a considerable investment and thus is not cost effective. They are currently located at the OIC warehouse at the MOI.

In 2005, eavesdropping devices, digitized maps, spy phones, digital cameras, voice recorders, memory cards, hand radios, car radios were donated to the Special Operation Sector in the Organized Crime Directorate, Ministry of Interior. They are in good condition.

Night Vision Goggles, portable digital dictation machines, camera adapter kits, and memory sticks were donated to the Internal Control Directorate (OIC) in 2004. They are in good condition and in regular use during operations conducted by the OIC.

Fax machines, copiers, and printers were donated to the Port Security Force and Police Commissioner, Port of Durres Authority in 2004. They are all being used and in good condition.

In 2004, ICITAP donated a rummage kit to the Regional Police Directorate of Durres. This equipment is in good working condition and is located at the Port of Durres ferry terminal. ICITAP has recently discovered that the equipment has been under-utilized and will take steps to ensure more effective usage.

ICITAP donated a portable CO2 detector, AMC CD2 Model to the Police Commissariat of the Port of Durres. It was donated for the use of the anti-trafficking sector to detect people in concealed compartments in boats and vehicles. This equipment requires repair work.

One hundred forty one (141) of 150 nylon duty belts were distributed to the first Class of patrol generalists of the Police Academy in 2007. These items are being used by police officers who are assigned to the Tirana Regional Directorate.

Field Gear

In April, field identification jackets, flashlights, and handcuffs were donated to the Organized Crime Directorate in the Ministry of Interior for the use of the Special Operations Sector. ICITAP has confirmed that this equipment is being used for its intended law enforcement purpose. In addition, ballistic vests, trauma packs, and MKIII training spray were donated to the Durres Port Authority for use of the Durres Port Security Force.

Program Impact

TIMS

The monitoring of all border crossings has been significantly enhanced through implemenation of TIMS at crossing points, with automatic cross-referencing now established to passport data.

Computer Equipment

The impact of these computers on the collection of undocumented intelligence and information has been enormous, allowing the personnel to visit the OC and Criminal Police facilities throughout Albania and document intellegence and police information previously stored informally within commissariate and directorates.

Vehicles

The vehicles have impacted the INL program by allowing cover surveillance of large scale drug operations resulting in the seizure of multi-kilo loads of heroin.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

A general concern exists regarding the capacity and out-year funds availability within the MOI to appropriately budget and implement eventual upgrades and maintenance of donated equipment items. This has become a very large problem as reoccurring maintenance and training costs associated with ICITAP has incrementally handed responsibility for maintaining discrete elements of TIMS to the ASP to assess their commitment and capacabilty to sustain operations. Results so far are not encouraging. Shortcomings in the organizational and management capabilities of the ASP have resulted in failure to plan and budget for recurring contractural commitments. These failures impacted TIMS satellite communictions and database maintenance through lapses in service contracts. A recent 10-day outage of the entire system was caused by these expired contracts. ICITAP Albania continues to monitor the situation and press the ASP to redress the shorcomings.

Limited Resources

ICITAP advisers have encountered other problems with the installation and implementation of the TIMS project. TIMS implementation continued throughout 2008 at additional sites increasing the number of connected locations. However, there is concern regarding the limited resources devoted to the project by the MOI. An unreliable power supply has affected TIMS operations nationwide resulting in the shutting down of a large number of sites on a regular basis to prevent damage to equipment and data.

Unmonitored Resources

A general concern exists regarding the capacity and out-year funds availability within the MOI to appropriately budget and implement upgrades and maintenance of donated equipment items. This could become a large problem as reoccurring maintenance and training costs associated with TIMS grow each year. The Albanian Government has thus far not responded to these concerns.

TIMS Project

ICITAP advisors have encountered numerous problems with the installation and implementation of the TIMS project. This implementation continued throughout 2007 at additional sites, increasing the number of connected border crossing points. But there is concern regarding the limited resources devoted to the project by the MOI. The unreliable power supply has affected TIMS operations nationwide, resulting in the shutdown of a large number of sites on a regular basis to prevent damage to equipment and data.

Statistical wiring and data cable installation at border crossing points and other TIMS sites, necessary for the connection of the ICITAP-provided hardware, must be installed but the MOI has lagged far behind implementation schedules. Limited MOI budgeting for technology, as well as limited capacity in strategic planning has, in some cases, required ICITAP to cover these costs.

The MOI’s implementation of its own internal network security policies has also lagged behind TIMS donated hardware and other technology upgrades to the computer systems. ICITAP advisors have worked with the ministry to draft comprehensive network security policies that are in line with GOA and NATO guidelines, but these policies have not been enforced. The policy implementation in this area risks leaving aspects of the TIMS system vulnerable to technical and data security breaches. This issue is being addressed through ongoing advisory contacts with the MOI’s Information Technology Directorate & Processing & Protection Center.

Additionally, enhanced TIMS requirements including software upgrades and increased security measures have imposed costs that reach beyond initial projections. A lack of ICITAP funding adequate to ensure full completion date is a programmatic concern and will necessitate extending TIMS implementation into 2009.

Uninforced MOI Network Security Policies

The MOI’s implementation of its own internal network security policies has also lagged behind TIMS-donated hardware and other technology upgrades to its computer system. ICITAP advisors have worked with the Ministry to draft comprehensive network security policies in line with the Government of Albania and NATO guidelines, but these policies have not been enforced. Lack of policy implementation in this area risks leaving aspects of the TIMS system vulnerable to technical and data security breaches. This issue is being addressed through ongoing advisory contacts with the MOI’s Information Management and Technology Directorate.

Lack of Training

Due to duty rotations and unexpected transfers of law enforcement personnel, newly assigned police and other officials may lack training to fully use previously donated equipment. During 2006, ICITAP identified the need and coordinated additional training for the Special Operations Sector in the ASP’s Organized Crime Directorate. Training was provided by the equipment vendor specifically on usage and maintenance of monitoring and surveillance equipment donated by ICITAP in 2004. The problem stretches beyond this unit, however, and is seen in the Border Police and other state police as well.

VALLETTA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Onica Cummings, Tel: 356-2561-4167; cummingsML@sate.gov

Inventory System

Post does not have an automated inventory system to record and track the distribution of resources.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Sean Schenk, U.S. Coast Guard Attache, liaisons with the Armed Forces of Malta to monitor the usage of the two eighty-seven foot “Protector” class patrol boats (P51 and P52).

Other USG Agency Assistance

Department of Defense
U.S. Coast Guard

Counterpart Agencies

Armed Forces of Malta

Monitoring Procedures

On-Site Inspection

While no formal inspections were conducted, Embassy Officers observed that the two “protector” class patrol boats were in use on an almost daily basis.

Status-Commodities

Vessels

Two eighty-seven foot “Protector” class patrol boats (P51 and P52) were provided to the Armed Forces of Malta in November 2002 and July 2004 respectively. The vessels are used for Search and Rescue (SAR), migrant interdiction operations, fisheries protection, and maritime and enforcement. By the AFM’s own estimate, both craft have delivered exceptional levels of reliability. In 2008, the two vessels were underway for over 1,900 hours for operations and training. They patrolled regularly at ranges in excess of 150 nautical miles from the coast and for periods of 96 continuous hours, and have proven exceptionally seaworthy in challenging weather conditions.

Armed Force of Malta 
87 foot protector class boat  2  

Program Impact

The “Protector” class boats have made noteworthy contributions in addressing Malta’s challenge of illegal migration as sea. Year-round, the patrol boats are used for illegal migrant search and rescue missions as well as for illegal migrant patrols in waters between Malta and Libya. A notable rescue occurred in December 2008 when P52 was tasked with assisting a migrant craft reported in distress 45 miles south of Malta. The operation resulted in the rescue of 139 persons, including infants and pregnant women, the largest rescue by a craft of this class to date.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

The high dependability of the patrol boats is due in part to the close relationship the ASFM maintains with the boat manufacturer which has provided responsive logistical support and affordable parts, allowing most support maintenance to be done in-house, with more extensive repair items completed by local service providers in Malta.

VILNIUS

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Michele Collins, Tel: 370 5 266 5621; collinsm@state.gov

Inventory System

Post uses NEPA to track and record items at post.

Staff Member Responsibilities

The RSO Program Coordinator conducts inventories and on-site inspections, and spot checks on equipment usage, etc.; the Financial Specialist provides all the data required and is responsible for drafting all cables/reports; the Accountant obligates/deobligates all funding provided; the Procurement Assistant purchases/orders software equipment requests; the Voucher Examiner processes payments per invoice provided; and the Customs Examiner obtains Customs clearances for equipment purchased in United States.

Other USG Agency Assistance

Federal Bureau of Investigation
Department of Justice

Counterpart Agencies

Lithuanian Special Investigations Service (STT)
Customs
Border Guards
Police Department
International Relations Office of Police Department
Interpol

Receipt

All equipment/software was presented by Ambassador on behalf of the U.S. Government to the STT and Lithuanian Police under the MOU. Training and conferences were organized with some records kept in files only.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

On-Site inspections were conducted at the Police Headquarters and STT in February and May 2009. The number of items subject to inspection was 15. Ninety (90) percent of the items were inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

None

Status-Commodities

Global Positioning Systems (GPS)

The RSO provided Lithuanian Criminal Police with GPS equipment in September pursuant to Letter of Agreement (LOA) regarding the anti-counterfeit project. The units have been installed in various vehicles.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The Special Investigative Service (SIT) is using the following equipment in undercover operations in support of public corruption investigations throughout Lithuania: Mini PIX Kit with Clock Radio, Mini PIX Kit B, Video Vest, Briefcase Receiver/Recorder, body worn video transmitter, car audio transmitter, Watt 10 Channel audio transmitter, synthesized audio intelligence system, surveillance device configuration software, 12.5 kHz programmable miniature voice transmitter, intelligence equipment, intelligence system, data voice framework unified user station, digital recorder. All equipment is in good condition and being used for its intended purpose.

YEREVAN

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

John Maher Tel: 374-10-49-4563; maherjo@state.gov

Inventory System

Donations were documented through side letters and inventory spreadsheets.

Staff Member Responsibilities

Karine Keshabyan and Maritsa Hovhannisyan, INL Program Assistants, maintain the inventory records of equipment ordered, delivered and donated.

Other USG Agency Assistance

Post’s EXBS officer inspected the X-ray van at the Customs warehouse in Yerevan where it is used to X-ray incoming and outgoing cargo.

Counterpart Agencies

The Police of the Republic of Armenia
The Office of the Prosecutor General
The National Forensic Laboratory
Customs Service
Border Guards

All of these agencies cooperated fully in the End Use Monitoring process, escorting INL personnel through the various agency premises to confirm the existence, location and condition of the relevant equipment.

Receipt

Recipient Armenian institutions provide printed letters of receipt signed by a responsible officer.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

Embassy Yerevan and EXBS personnel performed eleven (11) scheduled and four (4) unscheduled on-site inspections during the course of visits to Armenian Government facilities for other reasons. The inspections took place at 11 sites in three cities: Yerevan, Vanadzor, and Gyumri as follows:

07/11/2008 - Customs Warehouse
09/8/2008 - National Forensic Laboratory
09/10/2008 - Police Induction Center
10/20/2008 - National Police Academy
10/21/2008 - Border Guard Training Center.
12/24/2008 - National Police Academy
12/24/2008 - Border Guard Training Center
01/14/2008 - Police Induction Center
01/16/2009 - Organized Crime Department: National Police
01/21/2009 - Prosecutors’ School
01/23/2009 - Customs Training Center, Vanadzor city
01/2320/09 - Lori Region Police Headquarters, Vanadzor city
12/2320/09 - Gyumri City Police headquarters, Gyumri city
01/29/2009 - National Forensics Laboratory
01/29/2009 - National Police Headquarters

The total number of donated items subject to inspection was 1,711. The total number of items personally inspected was 1,213 or 70 percent.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

Fifteen desktop computers and monitors, one laptop, 2 laser jet printers, and one scanner were donated to the Kanaker Police Induction Center in Yerevan. They are used in training police recruits and are generally in excellent condition.

Twenty-nine desktop computers and monitors, 3 laserjet printers, one scanner, two laptop computers were donated to the National Police Academy in Yerevan. The equipment is used in training police officers and is generally in excellent condition, except that five of the computers are out-of-order.

Ten desktop computers and monitors, 2 laser jet printers, one scanner, and one backup UPS were donated to the Prosecutors School (formerly the Procuracy Training Center) in Yerevan. The equipment is used in training prosecutors and is generally in good condition except that two of the computers, two of the monitors, and 6 of the backup UPS’ which are out-of-order and will be disposed of,

Two desk-top computers, two backup UPS’, one printer, and one scanner were donated to the National Bureau of Experises (Forensics Lab) in Yerevan. The equipment is used in forensic analysis and is generally in excellent condition.

Twenty-four (24) desk top computers and monitors, 24 backup UPS’ and one scanner were donated to the Armenian Customs Training center in Yerevan. The equipment is used in training Customs office and is generally in excellent condition.

Twelve desktop computers, monitors and UPS’; two scanners, and three printers were donated to the Armenian Border Guards Training Center in Yerevan. The equipment is used in training Border Guards and is generally in excellent to good condition.

Five desktop computers, monitors, and UPS’; two scanners; and two printers were donated to the Organized Crime Bureau (OCB) of the Republic of Armenia Police in Yerevan. The equipment is used in tracking and managing cases of suspected organized crime and is in generally good condition.

One hundred twenty (120) computers; 138 monitors, 94 scanners, 22 UPS’, and 94 printers were donated to the Republic of Armenia Police as part of “Establishment of Information System for the Police of the Republic of Armenia” project. The equipment is used to provide connectively among all the major installations of the Republic of Armenia Police. Post was only able to inspect a representative sample of the equipment, namely the terminals located in the Lori Region and Gyumri City Police stations, because the equipment was distributed to dozens of police precincts around Yerevan. The equipment inspected is in good condition, although in Gyumri the terminal was not yet fully linked to the national network.

Communications Equipment

The Kanaker NCO Training Center received one LCD projector, one overhead projector, one set of simultaneous translation equipment, one television, one VCR, one TV/VCR stand, one projection screen and one flipchart. The equipment is in excellent condition.

The National Police Academy received five wireless microphones, four speakers, one set of simultaneous translation equipment, two erasable white boards, two VCR’s, one projection television, one flat screen television, one video camera recorder, one compact camera, one digital camera, one photocopier, one Stage Front Presentation System, one projector with stand, one overhead projector with stand, one LCD projector, one presentation audio/visual system w/stand stage front presentation, one podium, five wireless microphones, four wall-mounted heat/air units, one digital photo camera, one film projector, four dual function speakers, one film projector, one video visualizer, two copiers and one white projector screen. These items are situated in classrooms and offices at the Academy. The equipment is in excellent condition.

The Prosecutors’ School received one television, one VCR, one LCD projector, one TV/VCR stand and one white projection screen. These items are situated in classrooms at the Center. The equipment is in excellent condition.

The National Bureau for Expertise (Forensics Lab) received one fax machine, one digital camera and 3 switches. These items are situated in offices at the Bureau. The equipment is accounted for and in excellent condition.

The Customs House in Vanadzor received 24 desktop calculators, one television, one DVD/VCR player, one LCD projector and one white erasable board. These items are situated in a large classroom at the facility and are in excellent condition.

The Border Guard Training Center received two televisions, two DVD players, one LCD projector, one digital video camera, one digital photo camera and one photocopier. These items are situated in classrooms and offices at the center. All of the equipment is accounted for and in excellent condition.

The Organized Crime Bureau (OCB) of the Republic of Armenia Police in Yerevan received one digital video camera, 1 digital photo camera, 1 copier, 1 fax machine, 4 radios, and 3 handy radios. They are in good condition.

The Yerevan City Police Department received 6 digital photo cameras. They are in excellent condition.

Vehicles

The X-ray van is located at the Trans Service Customs Warehouse in Yerevan. Post’s EXBS Officer reports that the X-ray van is used to inspect freight cargo. The EXBS Officer regularly observes and receives usage reports on the van. It is inspected and serviced twice a year through the EXBS program.

Customs 
X-ray Van  1  


Laboratory Equipment

The National Bureau of Expertise (Forensic Lab) in Yerevan received 15 stereo microscopes, 4 acid storage cabinets, 1 weight set, 1 water purification system, 1 comparison microscope, 1 bullet catcher, 20 lab chairs,12 mixers, 1 UV lamp, 2 balances, 6 clinical microscopes, 10 Nuova II Stirring hot plates, 1 water system DI Water processor with kit, 10 electronic scales, 2 hydrogen generators, two vacuum pumps, 2 VWR gravity ovens, 4 refrigerator/freezers, 3 UV viewing systems, 13 filing cabinets, 8 undercounter cabinets, 1 security safe, 13 vertical metal file cabinets. All equipment is accounted for and is in excellent condition. The equipment is being used for the intended purpose, i.e., laboratory analysis of forensic evidence.

Canine Program

In late 2007, INL received some veterinary surgical equipment, gratis from the Chief of Veterinary Services at Incirlik Air Base in Turkey. These items consisting of sutures, clamps and other minor surgical aids, were turned over to the veterinarian at the Police dog kennels. Many of these supplies are expendable and will be used up by the Police Veterinarian in the mid term.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The Kanaker NCO Training Center received 92 gym mats, 20 pairs of handcuffs, 10 Beretta 9mm compact red guns, 10 S&W J frame red guns, 20 red training guns, ten training knives, two Redman instructors’ suits, two body opponent bags, two heavy bags, one double-end bag, one leather speed bag and one heat/AC unit, and one laser shot shooting simulator consisting of 2 LCD projectors, 2 laptops, 2 multimedia amplified speakers, and 2 backup UPS. All of the equipment is accounted for and in excellent condition.

The National Police Academy received 108 gym mats, 23 red training guns, 15 pairs of handcuffs, ten training knives, eight body opponent bags, five heat/AC units, four Redman instructors’ suits, two speed bags with platforms, two heavy bags, two double-end bags, one vacuum cleaner and one podium. These items are situated in the offices and gymnasium of the Academy.

The Prosecutors’ School received one heat/AC unit. The item is situated in the computer classroom at the Center.

The National Bureau of Expertise (Forensics Lab) received 15 air conditioning units, 15 surveillance cameras, four surveillance monitors and one surveillance system recorder. These items are situated in different areas of the building.

The Customs House in Vanadzor received four bookcases and three air conditioning units. These items are situated in a large classroom at the facility.

Equipment was installed in two classrooms in the National Police Academy. One classroom is in the Police NCO Training Center; two classrooms are at the Procuracy Training Center under the auspices of a Law Enforcement Academy Development Project. The equipment includes: TV’s, LCD projectors, LaserJet printers, desktop computers, simultaneous interpretation equipment,
scanners, projection screen, etc. All of the equipment is in excellent working condition.

The Prosecutors’ School received one wall-mounted heat/air unit.

All equipment is in excellent condition and used to support the operations of the recipient institutions.

Status-Services

Construction Projects

The National Bureau of Expertises (Forensic Lab) second building renovation was 50% completed. The Police Firing range construction had not yet begun but the design work had been completed and the contract for construction was being competed.

Demand Reduction Services

A pilot project was funded to develop a community policing program in one part of Yerevan city.

Project Harmony/Zang-A legal socialization project to teach youth about their rights and responsibilities under the law to develop better attitudes and cooperation toward the law and law enforcement and to pilot community justice programs and peer-led conflict resolution in schools.

Hope and Help-A project to assist trafficking victims through the provision of shelter, vocational training, and social, psychological and legal counseling, and operation of a telephone hotline offering information and assistance to prevent human trafficking and to rescue victims.

UMCOR-A project to strengthen the capacity of Armenia law enforcement to deter, detect, apprehend and prosecute human traffickers and to identify and assist victims.

Anti-Migration Fraud Unit- A project to increase the capacity of the new Anti-Migration Fraud Unit within the Armenian Police to combat migration fraud to, from and through Armenia.

Other Professional Services

ABA/ROLI- A project to develop the competence, professional skills and knowledge of the entire Armenian legal profession, including the defense bar, prosecutors, judges and legal educators.

FIU Development- A project to strengthen the capacity of the Armenian Central Bank’s Financial Monitoring Center, which serves as the country’s Financial Intelligence training for FIU personnel and the counterparts in other government agencies and in private financial institutions, as well as computer hardware and software that will allow the FIU to access and analyze financial data from a number of sources inside and outside the Armenian Government.

Border Management Information System (BMIS) - A recently completed project to expand a highly sophisticated computer system for monitoring the movement of travelers in and out of Armenia. The system was developed by an Armenian IT firm and originally installed by the Armenian Government at the country’s main international airport in Yerevan. INL then contributed to this project to expand the system to all main border crossing points into Armenia and to provide training for Armenian order authorities in the use of the system.

National Bureau of Expertise (National Forensic Laboratory). A long-term project to build the capacity of the the National Bureau of Expertise as an expert and independent Forensic Lab, to provide unbiased forensic analysis in criminal and civil cases in Armenia. The project includes the provision of extensive training and consultation by U.S. and third-country forensic experts, the procurement of equipment for the laboratory, and the renovation of two buildings for the lab premises. One renovation is already complete and the building is in use, and the other renovation is underway.

Program Impact

Computer and Laboratory Equipment

The computer and laboratory equipment donated to the National Bureau of Expertise (Forensic Lab) is a necessary step towards an internationally accredited forensics lab in Armenia. The equipment facilitates analysis of evidence in such areas as ballistics, substance identification, computer forensics and document examination.

The classroom and computer equipment at the Kanaker Police NCO Training Center, the Police Academy, the Vanadzor Customs Training Center and the Border Guards Training Center enhanced the training programs at all these facilities. The Police Academy began conducting regular computer classes for police trainees and computer literacy classes for the academy staff.

Communications Equipment

The communications equipment has made all recipient training centers more effective, the police better able to communicate and therefore more effective, and the lab more effective and reliable as an analytical center for evidence in criminal and evil court cases.

Construction Projects

The two construction projects currently underway, i.e., the second building of the National Bureau of Expertise and the Police Firing Range, will provide modern, safe and secure facilities for the important law enforcement functions of forensic analysis and training in marksmanship and firearms safety.

Demand Reduction

Demand reduction and other professional service projects continue to provide vital cooperation and capacity building in high-priority law enforcement areas such as human trafficking, money laundering/terrorist finance, legal socialization, community policing, migration management/border control, and the rule of law.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Stolen Equipment

A digital video camera and digital photo camera were stolen from the Border Guard Training Center. Post has not received a satisfactory report on the circumstances of the theft or the progress of the investigation. The officer in charge of Border Guard Training said that the theft occurred before he arrived. Post will condition any further assistance to that training center on getting a complete accounting/resolution of the case.

Unmonitored Resources

It was not feasible to inspect some of the donated equipment because the equipment has been distributed to police stations though the country. This includes most of the computer terminals for the police connectivity project. Post plans to personally inspect the police connectively computer equipment in several cities each year, rotating through different parts of the country from year-to-year. In addition to dedicated monitoring trips, post will visit police stations in any city post personnel visits for other purposes as well as visits to border posts or NGO projects in outlying cities.

ZAGREB

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Jeffrey Palmer, ICITAP Senior Program Advisor

Inventory System

ICITAP procures equipment through its price contractor. As equipment is received, where possible, it is marked with an ICITAP bar code and entered into a database, listing the item description, bar code number, serial number, value and location stored. Upon donation, the database is updated with the agency name, accountable person who signed for it, and the date of the donation. Where bar codes are not feasible, whatever data is available is entered and N/A placed where appropriate.

As items received were inventoried against the shipping manifest, the contractor. is notified via an inspection and acceptance report signed by the Program Manager, and tied to an internal audit number, and futher tied to specific projects, for accounting purposes.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

The ICITAP Program Manager has overall responsibility for the program’s End Use Monitoring. The Senior Adviser provides oversight to the headquarters personnel responsible for maintaining accurate records and conducts periodic unannounced inspections.

ICITAP staff has the responsibility for conducting spot checks of donated equipment, determining whether it is being used properly, and reporting positive and negative impacts as compared to the anticipated outcomes identified in the ICITAP Program Management Plan and the US Embassy Mission Strategic Plan.

Embassy Zagreb Political Officer Chris Aimmer meets regularly with ICITAP country management to ensure that all donations are in line with USG goals as delineated in post’s Mission Strategic Plan and Country Assistance Strategy.

Counterpart Agencies

The National Police Academy
The National Police Directorate
The National Office for Fighting Organized Crime and Corruption (USKOK)
Border Police Installations
Special Police Units (Tactical squads)

On-site Inspections

ICITAP conducted inventories and spot inspections of equipment which had been donated by ICITAP during the previous four years.

There were 7 scheduled and 30 unscheduled on-site inspections performed at four sites as follows:

03/06/2008 - USKOK
03/14/2008 - Zagred Police Administration
03/27/2008 - National Police Directorate
03/29/2008 - National Police Directorate
04/02/2008 - State Attorney’s Office
04/03/2008 - National Police Directorate
04/11/2008 - National Police Directorate
04/16/2008 - National Police Directorate
04/28/2008 - National Police Directorate
04/29/2008 - National Police Directorate
05/07/2008 - State Attorneys Office
05/08/2008 - National Police Directorate
05/12/2008 - USKOK
05/20/2008 - National Police Academy
06/04/2008 - State Attorney’s Office
06/11/2008 - National Police Directorate
06/18/2008 - National Police Directorate
06/24/2008 - USKOK
06/30/2008 - National Police Academy
07/14/2008 - National Police Academy
07/18/2008 - USKOK
07/22/2008 - USKOK
08/14/2008 - National Police Academy
08/20/2008 - National Police Academy
09/02/2008 - National Police Directorate
09/17/2008 - National Police Directorate
10/21/2008 - National Police Academy
10/31/2008 - National Police Academy
11/04/2008 - National Police Academy
11/19/2008 - USKOK
11/20/2008 - National Police Directorate
11/21/2008 - National Police Directorate
12/02/2008 - National Police Academy
12/11/2008 - National Police Directorate
12/16/2008 - National Police Academy
12/22/2008 - National Police Directorate

The number of items subject to inspection was 651. The percentage of donated items personally inspected was 47%.

Other Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Croatia required each agency to maintain an asset database and conduct periodic inventories. Post also cross-checked these records with its own to identify any discrepancies. Where possible, corrections were made on the spot.

All of the agencies supported were advised of the on-site inspections and provided post with the highest level of support. In addition, the agencies offered post full access to their assets inventory records upon request.

Fifty-three (53) percent of the items were inventoried using only agency records.

Status-Commodities

All equipment donations were bar-coded in 2007. An ICITAP employee conducted an annual physical inspection to ensure the condition and use of all equipment. For post’s War Crimes Project, post and each court president jointly signed grant agreement letters which included detailed equipment information and intended use. A post employee conducted either a physical inspection or a phone call to verify the condition and use of the equipment. ICITAP provided commodities are employed in police headquarters, police stations around the country, the Police Academy, and the State Prosecutor’s office.

Computer Equipment

Of the 49 computers donated to the National Police Academy, 30 PC’s were specifically dedicated to the exclusive use of the only formed English Language Laboratory Program. They are used in a specially designated complex of classrooms and solely for the presentation of basic, intermediate and advanced level conversational English to selected in-service offices. Without exception, the computers are in use and properly scheduled maintenance procedures are employed. Twenty-nine PC’s were donated to the Buje Police Station and border crossings. They facilitate report and information preparation and exchange between the municipal police station and the two border crossings. These items are in very good condition.

Fourteen (14) laptops were donated to the National Office for Fighting Organized Crime and Corruption. Prosecutors used the computers for the organization of trial materials, the formatting and listing of evidentiary items, and the display of charting via power point during presentations. The computers are well-maintained and show little wear.

Ten laptops were donated to the Zagreb Police Administration. They are used for police report preparation and office functions. They are in good condition.

One laptop was donated to the National Police Directorate/Crime Police. It is used to provide an automated base for the assignment of investigators case load and the ability to track investigation progress. The condition of the computer is very good.

Communications Equipment

Cell phones (“throw phones”) are being used as intended by police. Immediately following the donation in June, phones were used in a hostage/suicide situation in Petrinje. The individual was holding his wife hostage and abusing her. He accepted the throw phone after 20 hours of negotiations with the Special Police (similar to SWAT). Negotiations lasted another 20 hours with the use of the phone after which individual surrendered.

In December, the phones were used again in Beli Manastir. A retired police officer had a grenade and threatened suicide. He accepted the phone and after 15 hours of negotiations with police, he surrendered and accepted medical treatment.

Video link equipment provided to the Ministry of Justice and to four courts is being used as intended. To date, equipment is being used or has been used in cases in Osijek, Zagreb, Split, and Vukovar courts. Rijeka has yet to employ the equipment for cases.

Video-conferencing equipment, consisting of a 19 inch LCD monitor, video-conferencing camera, DVD player, digital video mixer, microphone and accessories, and two channel multi-effect processors donated to the Judicial Academy at the Ministry of Justice were stolen in November while on loan during a narcotics-related case. Police are investigating the case.

Vehicles

In November, ICITAP donated a Volkswagen Passat to the Office for the Suppression of Organized Crime and Corruption in the State Prosecutor’s Office. The vehicle has 90,000 km and is in very good condition. It is being used for prosecutors to travel to regional offices to facilitate investigations.

Office for the Suppression of Organized Crime and Corruption 
Volkswagon Passat  1  


Uniforms and Field Gear

Police is using goggles and night vision equipment as intended.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The police are using FATS equipment as intended. The Government of Croatia (GOC) has funded occasional repairs. Endoscopes and VSC4 passport document readers have been used properly. ICITAP reports that other office equipment provided to headquarters is being used.

Program Impact

Vehicles

The vehicles have provided the prosecutors a badly needed transportation device for official travel. It is used by prosecutors to travel between the four regional courses located throughout the Republic of Croatia.

Computer Equipment

The most significant impact of computers provided to the National Police was on international organized crime investigations.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Post and ICITAP will work with host government officials to ensure that outdated equipment is disposed of and any proceeds returned to the program.



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