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Diplomacy in Action

2008 End-Use Monitoring Report: Africa


Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 1, 2009

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ABUJA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Miichael Makalow; makaloum@state.gov

Inventory System

An Excel spreadsheet is used to record and track distribution of all resources. A barcode is attached to all property.

Staff Member Responsibilities

The Project Assistant travels to project sites; inspects use/safety of property; and conducts End Use Monitoring.

Counterpart Agencies

Nigeria Police Force (NPF)
Special Fraud Unit (SFU Lagos)
Nigera Police Force-INTERPOL
National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA)
Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC)
National Agency Against Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP)

Receipt

Handwritten receipts are used to document the provision of the items. Information contained in the receipts states that INL will be conducting End Use Monitoring unannounced inspections to check the use of the equipment.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

There were two unscheduled and no scheduled on-site inspections performed in three cities (Jos, Kano, and Lagos) during the calendar years follows:

12/10/2008 - Lagos
12/11/2008 - Lagos
12/12/2008 - Lagos
12/13/2008 - Lagos
06/24/2008 - Jos
06/25/2008 - Jos
10/16/2008 - Jos
10/17/2008 - Jos
10/18/2008 - Jos
12/03/2008 - Kabno
12/04/2008 - Kabno

The total number of items subject to inspection is 727. The percentage of items personally inspected was 95%.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Thirty (30) percent of donated items were monitored by discussions with the staff of recipient agencies to inquire about the status of donated items and the benefit to those agencies.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Four Toyota Hilux, and two Toyota Hiace Buses were donated to NDLEA in 2001. One Toyota Hilux and one Toyota van were donated to INTERPOL in 2001; one Toyota Hilux and one Toyota van were donated in 2001 to Special Fraud Unit of the Nigeria Police Force. The vehicles are located at the NDLEA office in Lagos. The vehicles are used for operations and for transporting arrested suspects to the NDLEA holding cells. All vehicles are operational and in good condition. Post’s inventory is as follows:

INTERPOL  
Toyota Hilux  
Toyota condor Van  2  


Nigerian National Drug Law Enforcement Agency  
Toyota Hilux  
Toyota Hiace Minibus  2  


Communications Equipment

Forty VHF radios were donated to NDLEA in 2001; 14 were donated in 2007. The radios are located at the NDLEA office in Lagos and the NDLEA office at Kano International Airport. They are used for communications between NDLEA had office and the Airport command. Fourteen of the radios are in good condition; forty are in poor condition.

Computer Equipment

In 2003, seven printers and 26 workstations were donated to NDLEA at the Jos Academy. In 2004, four computers, one projector, one photocopier machine, one television, one scanner, four UPS, one digital camera and three laptops were donated to the FCC. In 2004, four computers, one projector, one photocopier, one television, one scanner, four UPS, one digital camera and three laptops were donated to NAPTIP.

Twenty even (27) computers, and 37 UPS’ were donated to the NDLEA Academy in Jos in 2003; twenty-five (25) computers and 30 UPS were donated to the Lagos International Airport in 2003; one UPS was donated to the Lagos International Airport in 2008; one UPS was donated to the Abuja International Airport in 2002; one UPS was donated to the Kano International Airport in 2002 and 2008. In 2008, one UPS was donated to the Port Harcourt International Airport. In 2001, 2 computers, 2 printers, one fax and 2 UPS were donated to INTERPOL. Three computers, 2 printers, 1 safe, one infocus projector, and one digital camera, and two laptops were donated to INTERPOL in 2008. In 2001, 2 UPS, 2 computers, 2 printers, 1 fax machine were donated to the Special Fraud Unit. In 2002, one tracker software, one computer, one flat bed scanner, and one printer were donated to INTERPOL.

Miscellaneous Equipment

In 2003, INL donated 20 bookcases, 9 printer tables, 8 round reading tables, 36 wood chairs, 20 wood partitions, 30 office chairs to NDLEA Jos Academy. In 2001, one generator 77 kva was donated to INTERPOL; in 2001, one generator 100KVA was donated to Special Fraud Unit.

Three X-ray machines were provided to NDLEA in 2003; one is located in Lagos, one in Abuja and one in Kano. They are used for inspection of luggage and X-ray of suspects believed to have ingested drugs. Two of the machines are in excellent condition; one is in poor condition. Current year donations are in good condition; NAPTIP and EFCC office equipment are in good condition.

Four scanners were provided to the NDLEA in 2008; they are used for drug detection. One is at Kano; one at Abuja; one in Lagos. They are used for drug detection. They are in excellent condition.

Status-Services

Construction Projects

The following construction projects completed in 2000 were inspected:

Borehole construction at NDLEA Academy
Partition for scanners at Lagos and Port Harcourt
Anti-burglary door at Abuja International airport

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

The equipment installation increased effective communications among NDLEA staff leading to the arrest of a suspected drug trafficker attempting to smuggle himself into the aircraft, posing as an airport staff.

Constructions Projects

The vehicle maintenance program has improved the operations of the NDLEA office at Abuja International Airport; the installation of the anti-burglary door provided expansion for the cell at the Abuja International airport. The provision of partitioning for the scanner has provided safety for the scanner at the airport. thus reducing unauthorized access to the scanners. Provision of borehole at NDLEA academy will make the academy more habitable and attractive for use by law enforcement agencies off training.

Scanners

The scanners have led to an increased number of arrests at the Lagos and Abuja International Airports; at the Kano Airport the knowledge of the presence of the scanner has led to drug couriers looking for other exit points to traffic the drugs. The international airports are shut down to drug couriers.

Laboratory Equipment

The INTERPOL fingerprint machine is the only working finger printing machine at the INTERPOL office.

Vehicles

The vehicles were used in NDLEA operations to transfer suspects to courts and cells in Lagos.

Computers

The computers have enabled INTERPOL to generate more reports on criminal cases and store information, in preparation for the case management software planned for installation under the INL program for FY-09.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Unmonitored Resources

End Use Monitoring was not conducted at Port Harcourt International Airport due to the inevitable security issues at the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Discussions were held with host government partner in the region about the status of the equipment donated. NDLEA has not been able to account for 30 radios donated by INL.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

Maintenance of itemizers continues to be a problem as post has been unable to persuade GE to send a technician to Nigeria to maintain the itemizers and provide training to host government partners.

There were numerous vehicle maintenance problems with the NDLEA. The NAS refurbished a vehicle for NDLEA under the supervision of NAS project assistant/chauffeur.

Disposal of Commodities

The INTERPOL and Special Fraud Unit have not disposed of the commodities; however, they are kept as scrap and parts are being used to augment other likely commodities when faulty. The NAS advises that commodities be removed from inventory to reflect EUM 2009.

Missing Commodities

Thirty (30) donated radios are missing from NDLEA. The NDLEA staff has no information on the person who received the radios due to massive dismissals. INL will no longer donate any radios to the agency unless post is assured that they be properly maintained and accounted for.

MAPUTO

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Sarah Horton, +258 21 49 2797 x 3450: hortonsp@state.gov.

Inventory System

Post does not have an automated inventory system to record and track the distribution of resources provided to Mozambican Government agencies and to maintain and retrieve End Use Monitoring Information. The information is kept in a spreadsheet and regularly updated by Ivan Chunguana, Consular Assistant.

Other staff positions at post with End Use Monitoring responsibilities are Eduardo Machombe, Financial Management Assistant and Octavio Macujacua, Account Technician, who monitors the accounts and provides regular updates on the project’s financial status; Momed Dossa, Voucher Examiner, who processes payments of procured goods and services for the project; Silekmangi Nabi, Procurement Specialist Agent, Joaquim Pires, Purchasing Agent, who procures requested goods and services; and Zefanias Ndimande, Shipping Assistant, who is responsible for obtaining Customs clearance for the purchased items and overseeing disposal. None of the staff above is responsible for conducting inventories. All inventories are conducted by Ivan Chunguana or Sarah Horton.

No other US agencies have conducted regular reviews to account for and verify the condition and use of INL-provided resources.

Counterpart Agencies

The Mozambican Ministry of Interior (MINT).

Receipt

An official from the MINT signed a receipt from post’s GSO acknowledging receipt of the delivered items.

On-site Inspections

No scheduled or unscheduled on-site physical inspections were conducted since only a few items purchased this year have been delivered. Those items were delivered on October 31 or later.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

No secondary methods of monitoring the status of donated items were used in CY-2008.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Thirteen Nissan 4x4 3.2D trucks were donated and delivered on October 31, 2008 to the MINT for use by Border Security Guards in various provinces of Mozambique for transportation and patrolling the border. All vehicles were driven to their respective border posts. Three vehicles are at border posts in Tete province; two in Niassa province, two in Cabo Delgado province, one in Maputo province, one in Zambezia province, one in Gaza province, one in Maputo province, and one at the border security guards’ headquarters located in Maputo.

MINT  
Nissan 4x4 trucks  13  


Miscellaneous Items

The following items were donated to the MINT: 20 passport printers for use at border posts; 20 HP computers and printers for use at border posts, 1 Dell laptop computer for training; 12 pairs of binoculars for use at the border posts. The items were delivered between October 31 and December 31, 2008 and no inventory has been conducted since delivery.

Status-Services

The INL-funded projects trained 187 border guards in basic border control techniques, combating TIP and smuggling of goods. Four Mozambique Border Guards were trained in Portugal to be able to continue training border guards in Mozambique.

Program Impact

Border Guards who received training through the INL project detained two Pakistani nationals smuggling two million dollars out of Mozambique in November 2008. In January 2008, 163 illegal diggers in possession of 199 kilograms of precious stones and large amounts of U.S. dollars, South African rands, and other currencies were detained by border guards in Manica province. The INL-trained guards also detained a number of Africans and Europeans of various nationalities illegally digging for and smuggling diamonds into Zimbabwe in October 2008.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Given the recent delivery of the first group of equipment, no problems have been encountered yet. Post anticipates the inventory of the thirteen trucks to be problematic due to the remote location of most of the trucks’ location. Mozambique’s poor infrastructure makes in-country travel extremely difficult and expensive. Post plans to combine inventory commodities with other in-country travel to reduce time and expense.

MONROVIA

Background

EUM Program Cordinator

Allison Henry-Plotts, Tel: 231-77 05 4826

Inventory System

There is no automated inventory system at this time. Records are kept as hard copies and as electronic files on the Embassy computer system.

Staff Member Responsibilities

INL officer Allison Henry-Plotts with assistance from Deputy Program Managers for Dyncorp and PAE HSC, the INL contract service providers in country, handle EUM responsibilities.

Counterpart Agencies

Ministry of Justice
Judiciary
Liberia National Police
Emergency Response Unit of the Liberia National Police

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

There were 16 scheduled and 2 unscheduled on-site inspections conducted in 5 counterpart sites including the National Police headquarters and the Ministry of Justice.

10/21/2008 - National Police headquarters
12/02/2008 - National Police headquarters
12/10/2008 - National Police headquarters
12/31/2008 - National Police headquarters
01/02/2009 - National Police headquarters
01/21/2009 - National Police headquarters
01/26/2009 - National Police headquarters
01/27/2009 - National Police headquarters
01/26/2009 - Ministry of Justice
01/08/2009 - Temple of Justice
01/27/2009 - Temple of Justice
09/27/2008 - Emergency Response unit
10/27/2008 - Emergency Response unit
10/29/2008 - Emergency Response unit
01/08/2009 - Emergency Response unit
12/31/2008 - National Police Academy

The number of donated items subject to inspection is 57,990. The percentage of donated items personally inspected was 31%.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Comparison of Records-Hand receipts for the Ministry of Justice for items that have been transferred to counties outside of Monrovia; records from contract provider PAE showing transfer of items to the judiciary and uniforms to the Liberia National Police.

Dicsussions –Discussions with the Logistics Director at the Ministry of Justice about items transferred from Monrovia to other counties outside Monrovia as well as items transferred from the Ministry of Justice building to the county attorney’s offices at the Temple of Justice.

Sixty-nine (69) percent of the donated items were inspected by secondary methods.

Status-Commodities

Office Equipment

Two thousand one hundred thirty three (2,133) pieces of equipment including computers, desks, filing cabinets, power strips, calculators, book cases, etc. were donated to the Ministry of Justice in 2006 as part of the Justice Sector Support for Liberia project. Ninety-nine (99) percent of the equipment is located in Monrovia and 1 % is located in county attorney’s office in Cape Mount and Bomi counties. The equipment is used for daily office functions of the country attorneys and their staff. The equipment is in good working order. No major maintenance problems were reported.

One hundred eighty-five (185) pieces of equipment including typewriters, printers etc. were donated to the Judicial Bench in 2006 as part of the Justice Sector Support for Liberia (JSSL) project.

Vehicles

Two Nissan 15-seat diesel engine buses and one Nissan diesel patrol pickup were donated to the Ministry of Justice in 2006 and 2008 respectively, as part of the Justice Sector support for Liberia (JSSL) project. All three vehicles are in Monrovia. Buses are used to transport employees of the Ministry of Justice from home to work and back home. The pickup truck is used by the procurement office of the Ministry of Justice to transport equipment within Monrovia. One bus is undergoing repair and the other bus is in good condition.

One Nissan 30-seat diesel engine bus was donated to the Judicial Branch in 2006 as part of the Justice Sector support for Liberia (JSSL) project. The bus was procured and donated for the purpose of transporting employees of the Judicial Branch from home to work and back again.

Justice Sector Support Liberia (JSSL)  
Nissan bus-15 seat   
Nissan pickup  
Nissan 30-seat bus  1  


Uniforms

A total of 36,407 uniforms and personal items (boots, t-shirts, goggles, ear protection, sock etc) were donated to the Liberia National Police in 2007 as part of the criminal justice assistance project. About 90% of the items are located in Monrovia and 10% in outlying areas. Items were not personally inspected but uniforms are worn and visible on LNP throughout Monrovia. Most are in fair to good condition.

A total of 3,765 uniforms and personal items (boots, T-shirts, goggles, socks, etc.) were donated to the Emergency Response Unit of the Liberia National Police in 2008 for the express use of the newly formed ERU in their daily operations and at the LNP Police Training Academy during ERU training. All items are in Monrovia. All items are in good to excellent condition.

Non-Lethal Equipment

A total of 7,987 items (tactical vests, ballistic vests, riot vests, gas masks, riot helmets, pistol holster) were donated to the Emergency Response Unit of the Liberia National Police in 2008. All equipment is in Monrovia and used for the express use of the ERU to conduct tactical police operations. Equipment is in good condition.

Weapons

A total of 7,513 items were donated to the Emergency Response Unit of the Liberia National Police in 2008. All items are in Monrovia. Items are used for daily operations of the ERU. All items are in good to excellent condition.

Emergency Response Unit  
S&W 9mm pistols   75  
Bushmaser Carbine 15s  15 
Bushmaser M-4s  15 
Mossberg 12 gage shotguns   10 
37mm gas laundhers   
Saber red Mace  50 
9mm ammunitions(rounds)  4000 
.223 ammunitions (rounds)  1800 
12 gage shotgun slugs   750 
12 gage buckshop rounds  750 
CS gas canisters  21 
37 mm white smoke canisters  21  

Status Services

Construction Projects

The Emergency Response Unit headquarters building is 5% completed

Program Impact

Weapons

The use of weapons allowed the training and deployment of the first two classes of Emergency Response Unit members (139) and account for arrests of armed robbers, confiscation of drugs and weapons and stolen goods.

Vehicles

The vehicles allowed the ongoing operations of the Ministry of Justice and Temple of Justice, providing safe transportation to and from work for staff and safe transport of goods for the Ministry of Justice building to office within Monrovia.

Office Equipment

Office equipment and supplies allow for the continuing operations of the country attorneys and judiciary within the GOL. Uniforms and personal gear have added to the professionalization of the Liberia National Police overall and particularly the Emergency Response Unit within the LNP.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Unmonitored resources

Both the INL officers and the contract service provider made numerous attempts to contact the individual who signed for items transferred to the Judicial Branch of the GOL. The individual was unavailable during the week that inventory took place. Subsequently, post found that there was a workshop taking place in Ghana that the judiciary was attending which may explain this individual’s temporary absence.

Minor Repairs

Common problems include minor repairs of office equipment such as printers and copy machines and vehicles. The host government lacks the resources needed to renew service and the harsh climate (humidity and son) takes its toll on moving parts that need regular maintenance to stay in proper working order.

PRAIA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Security Assistant Office Assistant Nicolau Soares, Tel. 238-260-8937, Soaresna@state.gov

Inventory System

Post has no automatic tracking system for the two vessels.

EUM Staff Responsibilities

There are no additional staff members with monitoring responsibilities, although the Office of Security Cooperation in Dakar assists the inventory manager, if necessary.

Counterpart Agencies

The Cape Verden Coast Guard

Monitoring Procedures

Post’s Security Assistance Office (SAO) Assistant routinely conducts on-site inspections of the two boats and receives full cooperation from the Cape Verdean Coast Guard. The RHIB is visible regularly as it patrols the port of Praia. The last on-site inspection was held in June 2008 in the port of Praia. Patrol boats were seen about six (6) times during 2008, the last time in December in the Port of Mindelo.

Status-Commodities

The 51-foot patrol boat is housed on the island of Mindelo but is also used on occasion to patrol around the island of Santiago, particular the port of Praia. It is used for military training exercises and for patrolling during U.S. military ship visits. It is in fair condition.

The RHIB is used for off- shore patrols on the island of Santiago. The vessel is in good condition. The SAO assistant certifies that both vessels are being adequately maintained.

Cape Verdean Coast Guard  
51-foot patrol boat  
RHIB  1  

Program Impact

Both vessels patrol regularly in the ports of Praia and Mindelo. These patrols have not resulted in any intercepts, but serve to protect Cape Verdean waters and train the military.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

There were no problems noted in 2008. When necessary, post’s SAO assistant helps to acquire the parts needed to complete repairs.

PRETORIA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Valerie Smith, Tel: 27 12 431 4067; smithvp@state.gov

Inventory System

Post has a coordinated list that is maintained in an Excel program. The system is used to record and track all equipment condition/status of each item and is designed to record an accurate point of contact, which was recently updated.

Staff Members Responsibilities

In 2007, the Narcotics Law Enforcement Agency functions were discontinued at Pretoria. Currently, the task of coordinating the End Use Monitoring report has been assigned to the Political section. The Political Section, with the assistance of the DEA, conducts a verbal and/on-site investigation of the reported merchandise. Due to DEA training involvement with the agency in the host country, DEA continues to follow up on the use of the provided product.

Other USG Agency Assistance

Post’s DEA POC is Franklin Warren. USSS works closely with agencies in locations for which equipment was purchased. USSS frequently follows up on the use of the equipment as noted in the following report.

Counterpart Agencies

Special Investigative Unit (SIU)
South African Police Services (SAPS) Forensic Science Lab
South African Police Services (SAPS) Crime Intelligence Division
Swaziland Police
South African Police Services (SAPS)-Financial Crimes
Kenya Police Services
Tanzania Police Services Financial Crimes
Zambia Police Services-Financial Crimes
Ghana Police Services
Uganda Police Services

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

On-site inspections are not feasible in locations that are outside of South Africa. Due to budget restraints, post relies heavily on the host government point of contact to provide telephonic reports for items located in post’s local area. Zero percent of the items were personally inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

An on-site visit with the agency list of items was compared on January 21, 2009.

A total of 2,354 items were subject to inspection

Status-Commodities

Post has not procured any equipment for the host country since 2005.

Office Equipment

Office equipment and several access control systems were donated to the SIU in 2005. Telephone system was donated to the SIU in 2004. Office equipment is located in Pretoria. The telephone equipment is located in following areas: East London, Durban, Cape Town, Nelspruit, Pretoria, and Umtata. The SIU uses office equipment for employee’s daily logistical functions. The Access Control System is used for employees to gain access to the building.

Miscellaneous Equipment

One Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer, one Gas Chromatographer, one high pressure liquid chromatographer and DNA analysis equipment were donated to SAPS FSL. The equipment is reported in good condition. The 52 copies of notebook software are obsolete and are no longer being used. SAPS Forensic Science Lab is located in Pretoria. The use of the equipment is to further increase the accuracy of the intelligence and investigation process, which enhances the ability for the SAPS to conduct accurate investigations.

High speed cameras, videos, software, flashlights, tape duplicators, computer equipment and DVDs were donated to the SAPS Financial Crimes Unit in Pretoria. Other beneficiaries include Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Ghana, Swaziland, and Uganda Police Services.

Fifty backsprayers were donated to the Swaziland Police for training and later kept for drug eradication. DEA reports the equipment is in good condition and continues to be used.

Program Impact

Furniture

Furniture purchased for the SIU is used by personnel that work in independent statutory units that report to the President, cabinet members and the Parliament of SA.

Laboratory Equipment

The use of lab equipment increased the accuracy of the intelligence and investigation process, which enhanced the ability for the SAPS to conduct more precise investigations.

Computer and Video Equipment

The computer equipment enables SAPS to extract crucial information from computers which were seized in the course of an investigation.



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