printable banner

U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

2009 End-Use Monitoring Report: North and Central America


Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 1, 2010

Share

BELMOPAN

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Brianne Watts, TEL 501-822-4011 ext. 4197; wattsba@state.gov

Inventory System

Post developed a stand-alone barcode system in 2009. Using this barcode system, NAS assigns all donated items eligible for monitoring a barcode number and enters them into the barcode data base system.

Staff Member Responsibilities

There were no staffed NAS positions at post from early 2007 until March 2009, when one NAS/Merida assistant came on board. A second NAS/Merida assistant position was filled in May 2009. The two employees share responsibility for maintaining the inventory system, assigning barcodes, and performing site visits as part of their normal duties.

Counterpart Agencies

Belize National Coast Guard (BNCG)
Department of Immigration and Nationality (BINS)
Police Department (BPD)
Belize National Forensic Science Service (BNFSS)
Ministry of National Security
National Drug Abuse Control Council (NDACC)
Director of Public Prosecution (DPP)
Magistrates Office
Belize Port Authority (BPA)
Supreme Court
Anti-Gang Unit (AGU)

The host government cooperated fully and allowed the Political and Economic section Chief to effectively monitor donated resources.

Receipt

High dollar value items, such as vehicles, vessels and generators are documented under a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). Smaller items are documented with signed receipts that clearly state the intended use of that item.

Monitoring Procedures

On-Site Inspections

There were 140 items subject to inspection. About 80% of those items were personally inspected. There were four (4) scheduled on-site and eleven (11) unscheduled on-site inspections at ten sites in three cities.

06/23/2009 - Forensics
07/02/2009 - Anti Gang Unit
07/07/2009 - Canine Unit
08/28/2009 - Anti-Gang Unit
09/04/2009 - PITU
01/15/2010 - BNFSS
01/15/2010 - BNCG
01/15/2010 - BDF Air wing
01/15/2010 - ADU
01/15/2010 - Anti-Gang Unit
01/20/2010 - Canine Unit
01/20/2010 - PITU
01/20/2010 - Scenes of Crime Unit
01/20/2010 - Belmopan Vehicle Care Unit
01/20/2010 - BINS

There were 70 items subject to inspection. The percentage of donated items subject to inspection was 77%.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources

Only those items that were out on operation at the time of inspection were confirmed with GOB officers via discussions instead of via on-site inspections. About 5.8% of donated items were inspected via secondary methods.

Status-Commodities

Vessels

Three refurbished vessels donated to BNCG in previous years. A 39-foot Educadono “Go Fast” motorboat was donated in 2006, while a 35-foot and a 40-foot “Go- Fast” motorboat were donated in 2005. They are now on record at the BNCG as BCG-08, BCG-02, and BGG-07 respectively. Also purchased for the BNCG were four new 250HP Yamaha motors in 2004. At the time of inspection two vessels, BCG-07 and BCG-02 were found to be at the BNCG compound. The 35-foot boat BCG-02 has a large hole in the hull and is reportedly no longer seaworthy, thus it has been decommissioned. The other boats are still in working condition. BCG-08 was out on patrol at the time of the NAS visit. None of the outboard engines donated were found in place. The engines were said to be decommissioned and parts were used in the repair of other engines of the BNCG.

Belize National Coast Guard
“Go Fast” vessels 3

Vehicles

One Ford Cutaway van E-450 was donated to the Anti-Drug Unit in November 2002. The van is used for drug operations and is in working condition.

One 2003 Ford truck F-250 donated to the ADU in 2003. Beginning in 2008, the truck was inoperable. In mid 2009, the truck was repaired and is now is in working condition.

The 2003 Prada Land Cruiser was donated to the Canine Unit of the police department in Belmopan. The vehicle was totaled in a rollover accident in March 2006; is irreparable and is to be removed from inventory.

In 2005, a 2004 F-350 truck was transferred from the Belize Defense Maritime Wing to the newly established BNCFG. The vehicle‘s engine failed and the truck has been inoperable for a few years. Repairs to this vehicle are unlikely to be made as a replacement engine would be cost prohibitive. The vehicle will be removed from inventory.

Anti-Drug Unit
Ford Cutaway Van E-450 1
Ford Truck F-250 1

Belize Defense Maritime Wing
F-350 truck 1

Canine Units

The Canine Unit has six dogs. Annie Cairo died in 2009 as a result of heatstroke. Four of the six dogs are not based in Belmopan, while two are located in Belize City. One of the dogs, Scarlet, was born with a genetic disease and is no longer being used for operations. Another canine, Donnel, is 10 years old and is going blind and is no longer suitable for police operations. Canine Dix is 13 year old and is no longer suitable for police operations. The only two working dogs at present are Ike and Gas. They are used for explosives and narcotics detection, respectively. None of the dogs are used for airport operations. The two remaining working dogs are used only when the unit is called for operations based on intelligence. However, there have been no major drug finds by canines during the year in review.

Two K-9 courses were offered to the Canine Unit in 2009. Two handlers attended a K-9 instructor course and another attended a K-9 handler course, offered through the NAS Guatemala. The unit has four K-9 instructors and two handlers.

Furniture

Filing cabinets, chairs, and office desks were donated to the BPD in August 2009. All items are located at the Anti-gang Unit (AGU) Office in Belize City and are being used for anti-gang initiative purposes. All items are in very good condition.

Computer Equipment

Five Levono desktop computers, desktop printer, one HP Laser Jet printer were donated to the BPD in August 2009. All items are located at the Anti-gang Unit (AGU) Office in Belize City and are being used for anti-gang initiative purposes. All items are in very good condition.

The BDF Air Wing received five Maxon trunking radios in conjunction with the Maritime Communication Project in 2004. Three of the radios were inspected. One is affixed to an aircraft that is no longer in use so the condition of the radio could not be substantiated. Two are in use in another aircraft, one of which was airborne at the time of the visit and therefore not inspected. One is being used in the Command Center. The whereabouts of the fifth radio could not be determined. These radios were being used to support surveillance pertaining to narcotics interdiction. This equipment has exceeded it useful life and will not be monitored.

Program Impact

The year saw a small decrease in overall crime figures in all categories. There were a total of 97 murders in Belize in 2009; this is six fewer than the 103 murders committed in 2008-a drop of nearly 6 percent.

In 2009, the Belize Police department recorded 1,681 arrests for drugs and 262 arrests for processing arms and ammunition. Authorities seized 462.3 grams of crack cocaine, 28.3 kilos of cocaine hydro, and 371.4 kilos of cannabis.

Night Vision Goggles

The goggles have been used extensively for patrol by the BNCG and have had a high impact on deterring maritime drug-related crime.

Computer Equipment

The computer equipment has been extremely helpful to the judiciary and has had a significant impact on upgrading their information systems and maintaining their criminal records.

Canine Units

Canine units are well-maintained but not used as extensively as in the past.

Demand Reduction

Demand reduction programs had a direct impact on the children enrolled in the program but had a greater impact during ceremonies when the media covered the anti-drug message to hundreds of viewers.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Lack of Use and Misuse of Commodities

One 1996 Dodge Ram pickup truck assigned to DAIA HQ was overheated and presently is not operational. The PNC is obtaining a quote and will evaluate the repair work since the vehicle is now property of the GOG.

One 2005 Dodge Ram double cabin pickup suffered various mechanical problems. The DAIA tried to repair the vehicle through a “chop chop” and as a result it is inoperable. Presently, ASP NS is repairing the truck and will use it to fulfill their program needs.

Repair and Maintenance

Poor road conditions and mountainous terrain in areas where counternarcotics operations are conducted continue to cause vehicle wear and tear requiring continuous maintenance with older vehicles. With IN approval, the NAS began to purchase US assembled cars locally to take advantage of vendor warranty service, compatible prices and expedited delivery.

Disposal of Commodities

The majority of the equipment reported on in 2008, has long exceeded its useful life and is now removed from post’s inventory. Post does not have the resources or space to recover and store these items until its next auction so they have been abandoned in place. Hence forth, post will only report on those items that are within their useful life.

Other Problems

In February 2009, funding was obligated to Belize through the Merida Initiative. However, the two newly created Merida Assistant positions were not filled until March and May of 2009 and no position was created for a Narcotics Affairs Officer (NAO). When the NAS was staffed, it had to focus on laying the groundwork for the Merida Initiative, and was thus unable to regularly monitor previously donated equipment in an ongoing manner. The NAS now has a new policy in place for the EUM of all donated equipment to the GOB.

Under the Merida initiative, much needed equipment and training is being provided to the GOB which should improve the capabilities of the BPD and other law enforcement agencies in the fight against crime in its many manifestations that affect Belizean society.


GUATEMALA CITY

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Bruce Elliott, Tel: 502-2361-3737; elliottb@state.gov

Inventory System

Post developed an integrated procurement and inventory EUM database designed to track physical inventory “cradle to grave.” The inventory clerk (administrative clerk/receptionist) records newly acquired items, linking them to the appropriate purchase request, and the receiving report. The inventory list reports are available by physical location to facilitate monitoring.

Staff Member Responsibilities

Project Adviser - coordinates nation participation

Logistics Coordinator - coordinates NAS service staff participation and verification of data acquired; oversees disposal of materials

Administrative Clerk/Receptionist - participates in the physical inventory process and updates all data in the inventory system

Assistant Inventory Clerk - participates in the physical inventory process and disposal of materials

Canine School Maintenance Supervisor - participates with the periodic inventory of commodities and provisions for the Regional Anti-Narcotics Training facility and the SAIA and DIPA Canine Narcotics Detection units within the country

Computer Systems Manager - participates in the periodic inventory of AP equipment located throughout the country

Computer Assistant - participates in the periodic inventory of computer equipment throughout Guatemala

Motor Pool Dispatcher - participates in the physical inventory process

Motor Pool Assistant - participates in the physical inventory process

Communications Technician - participates in the detailed inventory of all communications equipment located around the country, including the repeater sites

Aviation Adviser - assists with coordinating EUM of all aviation related equipment located within Guatemala

All employees noted above helped to supervise and monitor distribution of property to host nation organizations and conducted inventories and property reconciliation.

Other USG Agency Assistance

DEA conducted an annual property inventory of their Special Investigative Unit.

Counterpart Agencies

Counter-Drug Police (DIPA and SAIA)
Police Program (PP)
Prosecutors Rule of Law (MP)
Demand Reduction (SECCATID)
Aviation Support Project (ASP)

Receipt

All equipment or items donated to the above host government agencies are recorded on a receiving document signed by the appropriate NAS and GOG personnel. The document will specify the equipment being donated and note the NAS inventory and/or the manufacturer’s serial number and its intended use.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

Counter-Drug Police - 22 inspections performed; 981 items subject to inspection; 100% inspection performed

03/16/2009 - DAIA Puerto Quetzal
03/17/2009 - DAIA Pedro de Alvarado
03/18/2009 - DAIA Puero Barrios
03/18/2009 - DAIA Puerto Santo Tomas
03/23/2009 - DAIA Santa Elena, Peten
03/25/2009 - DAIA Tecun Uman
05/12/2009 - DAIA Chiquimula
06/19/2009 - DAIA Puerto Santo Tomas
07/21/2009 - DAIA Puerto Quetzal
08/10/2009 - DAIA Tecun Uman
08/14/2009 - DAIA Pedro de Alvarado
08/21/2009 - DAIA Chiquimula
08/22/2009 - DAIA Puerto Santo Tomas
08/23/2009 - DAIA Puerto Barrios
09/22/2009 - K-9 Unit
09/24/2009 - DAIA Puerto Quezal
10/15/2009 - DAIA Pedro de Alvarado
10/22/2009 - DAIA Central Zone 6
11/03/2009 - DEA Task Force Airport Guatemala city
12/03/2009 - DAIA Tecun Uman
12/08/2009 - DAIA Santa Elena, Peten
12/12/2009 - DAIA Santa Elena, Peten
01/08/2009 - DAIA Puerto Santo Tomas
05/05/2009 - DAIA HQ Guatemala city

Police Program - Four (4) inspections performed; 258 items subject to inspection, 80% monitored.

03/23/2009 - National Civil Police (PNC) Waldemar Flores, Peten
07/08/2009 - CRADIC Guatemala City
10/13/2009 - CRADIC Guatemala City
12/08/2009 - PNC Waldemar Flores, Peten

Prosecutors Rule of Law (MP) - Thirty (30) inspections performed; 410 items subject to inspection; 75% of items monitored.

01/06/2009 - MP Antinarcotics Zone 1 Guatemala City
01/06/2009 - MP Antinarcotics Investigative Support Group
01/06/2009 - MP car theft unit
01/06/2009 - MP Anti-Bank Robbery Unit
01/06/2009 - MP Anti-Kidnapping Unit
01/06/2009 - MP Money Laundering unit
01/07/2009 - MP Organized Crime Unit
01/07/2009 - MP Anti corruption Unit
01/15/2009 - MP UNILAT
01/16/2009 - MP anticorruption Special Task Force
01/26/2009 - MP ADP Office Zone 1 and Warehouse
11/24/2009 - MP for Women and Children
12/01/2009 - MP Anticorruption unit
12/01/2009 - MP Money Laundering Unit
12/01/2009 - MP anti Narco unit
12/04/2009 - MP Unidad de Metodos Especiales
12/04/2009 - MP Cooperation Internacional
12/07/2009 - MP Sicomp
12/07/2009 - MP Sicomp Warehouse
12/08/2009 - MP anti Extortion Unit
12/08/2009 - MP anti bank Robbery
12/08/2009 - MP Car theft Unit
12/08/2009 - MP Organized crime
12/08/2009 - MP Bodega Piscalia contra el Crimen Organizado
12/08/2009 - MP Fiscalia Delitos Humanos
12/08/2009 - MP Anti Kidnapping Unit
12/08/2009 - MP UNILAT
12/08/2009 - MP Incinerations Lab
12/08/2009 - MP Financial Analysis

Demand Reduction - Two (2) inspections performed; 128 donated items subject to inspection; 80% of items monitored.

07/14/2009 - Guatemala City
08/11/2009 - Guatemala City

Aviation Support Project (ASP) - Two (2) inspections performed; 71 items subject to inspection; 100% of items monitored.

10/15/2009 - ASP Hanger Guatemala
12/08/2009 - ASP Hanger Flores Peten

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources

The NAS Logistics Coordinator, with the assistance of the Administrative Clerk and Assistant Inventory Clerk coordinated EUM comparing NAS inventory records with the various host nation entities’ records.

Status-Commodities

Communications Equipment

Counter Drug – Police DAIA (DIPA and SAIA) - The NAS purchased the majority of its program radio communications equipment infrastructure prior to CY-98.

The GOG contracted a communications company to provide radio communications and maintenance support for all the Civil National Police (PNC) through a plan called “Plan Lazaro” By the middle of 2008, DAIA was incorporated into the PNC communications network, but NAS provides their repeater stations and certain encrypted radio equipment to DAIA to maintain secure communication, to conduct CN operations. The NAS communications technician, with the assistance of DAIA personnel, continues to conduct regular maintenance and perform End Use Monitoring inspections of all radio communications equipment throughout the host nation. NAS personnel confirmed verification of proper use of the equipment during these visits.

The DAIA airport - located in Guatemala City has only one UHF antenna to provide radio signal for the PNC purchased radio equipment. The UHF handheld units are provided by the GOG.

The DAIA Puerto Quetzal - located in Escuintla has one Spectra UHF Motorola base station and one antenna to support the PNC radio equipment.

The DAIA Pedro de Alvarado - located on the border with El Salvador has only one UHF antenna to provide a signal for the PNC radio equipment.

The DAIA Tecun Uman - located on the border with Mexico has one UHF antenna to provide a signal for the PNC purchased radio equipment.

The DAIA Puerto Barrios - only has one UHF antenna to provide support.

The DAIA Puerto Santo Tomas - only has one UHF antenna to provide support.

The DAIA Santa Elena, Peten - located in Santa Elenae has only one UHF antenna.

The DAA HQ Guatemala City - has one Spectra UHF Motorola base station, 25 handheld UHF Motorola radios, 19 mobile UHF Motorola radios, 4 multiple Motorola battery charges, 1 Motorola power supply, 11 Garmin GPS Etrex units and 3 Celwave UHF antennas.

The DAIA regional CD training facility - has only one HF antenna.

The DAIA Quetzalenango - All the UHF radio equipment belongs to the PNC.

DAIA - has one 20-foot tower with 1 Quantar Motorola repeater station and 1 UHF antenna located in Ixchiguan, San Marcos.

DAIA - has 2 Quantar Motorola repeater stations located in Las Excobas, Izabel.

DAIA - has 2 Quantar Motorola repeater stations and 2 UHF antennas located in Soledad Grande, Jalapa.

DAIA - has 2 Quantar Motorola repeater stations and 2 UHF antennas located on Volcano de Agua, Sacatepequez.

DAIA - has 1 Quantar Motorola repeater station and 1 UHF antenna located in Choacoral, Sacatepequez.

DAIA - has 2 Quantar Motorola repeater stations and 2 UHF antennas located in Xucaneb, Alta Verapez.

DAIA - has 2 Quantar Motorola repeater stations and 2 UHF antennas located in El Porvenir, Peten.

Two UHF antennas were purposed in CY08 for two DAIA off-site locations in Escuintla. Four omni-directional antennas were purchased in CY07 and presently are located in the NAS warehouse. One HF long wire antenna was purchased in CY07 and is provisionally at NAS radio laboratory.

A semi mobile directional 80 foot tower to support a mobile listening unit was purchased and constructed inCY08 and is located in Escuintla Naval Base.

The NAS also purchased 11 GPS units with CY02 and CY04 to assist DAIA with eradication operations. These units are stored in the DAIA HQ Guatemala City.

The NAS purchased 2 handheld Motorola VHF radios in CY08 for the QRF team (FIAAT). These radios as well as one RT100 HF base station are located with the ASP hanger Guatemala City. The NAS purchased five new UHF handheld Motorola radios for the FIAAT team.

Computer Equipment

The DAIA Airport Guatemala City has one MPC desktop computer with monitor, 1 MGE brand UPS’s, 1 HP laser printer, 2 digital cameras and 1 ATRV-2000 voltage regulator.

DIPA Ouerto Questzal - 3 MPC desktop computers with monitor, 2 UPS, 2 HP laser printers, 1 MC desktop computer with monitor 1HP laser printer.

DAIA Tecun Uman - 1 MPC desk top computer with monitor, 1 HP laser printer.

DAIA Puerto Barrios - 2 MPC desktop computers with monitors, 1 HP laser printer.

DAIA Puerto Santo Toman - 2 MPC desktop computers with monitors, 1 HP laser printer.

DAIA Santa Elena Peter - 3 MPC desktop computers with monitors, 1 HP laser printer.

DAIA HQ Guatemala City - 30 MPC desktop computers with monitors, 3 Panasonic laptops, 1 server, 13 laser printers, 1 HP inkjet printer.

DAIA regional CN training Facility - 8 MPC desktop computers with monitors, 5 HP laser jet printers.

DAIA Chiquimula - 2 MPC desktop computers and1 HP printer.

DAIA Quetzaltenango - 2 MPC desktop computers and 1 HP printer.

Police Program

CRADIC office- 1 Lexmark multifunctional printer, 1 Minolta multifunctional printer, 1 HP laptop.

PNC Investigation Section - 2 HP printers, 3 Dell laptops, 4 Panasonic laptops, 5 Toshiba laptops and one micron monitor.

PNC DINC Academy - 1 Dell laptop computer.

PNC/PANDA – 8 Dell desktop computers, 2 Notebook computers and 10 APC UPS’s.

PNC/Polygraph Zone 6- 6 notebook computers.

PNC/MIXCO Comisaria Model-6 Epson FX 890 Dot Matrix printers.

PNC/TIMS - 20HP Probook Notebook PC laptops, 2 printers and 62 UP’s.

M GOB UNIDD DE METODOS ESPECIAES - 1 Epson printer.

PNC/AONE 6 Academy - 2 hardware Sony computers, 7 Micron desktops with monitors, 2 desktop jet printers, 1 Epson printer.

Prosecutors Rule of Law

MP Technical Scientific Department - 2 desktop computers with monitors.

MP Academy for Women and Children - 3 desktop computers with monitors.

MP Anti-Bank Robbery Unit -1 desktop computer.

MP Anti-Kidnapping Unit - 1 desktop computer.

MP Anti-Narcotic Peten Unit - 6 desk top computers, 4 HP laser jet printers, 1 HP L1 printer, 2 laptops, 2 HP DJ printers and 1 Dell server.

MP Car Theft Unit - one Micron net server, 5 Dell desktop computers, 4 printers.

MP Anti-Narcotics Chiquimula - 1 Cannon ink jet printer, 13 clientpro desktops, 2 Millennia desktops, 14 HP printers, 3 portable HP printers, 3 laptops, 1 server.

MP computer facility zone 1 - 49 desktop computers, 31 printers, 2 laptops, 51 monitors.

MP Anti-Narcotics zone 1 - 31 desktop computers with monitors, 19 HP LaserJet printers, 2 Micron laptops.

MP Anti-Narcotics Investigative support Group (GAPI) - 11 MPC desktop computers.

MP Organized Crime Chiquimula - 12 desktop computers, 1 printer.

MP FDN Quetzaltenango - 12 desktop computers, 14 printers, 2 Toshiba laptops, 2 Micron laptops and 12 UPS.

MP Financial Analysis Unit zone 1 - 4 MPC desktop computers with monitors, 2 printers, 1 Micron laptop, 1 HP printer.

MP Human rights Unit - 5 MPC desktop computers, 6 MPC monitors, 4 printers.

MP Money Laundering and Financial Crime Unit - 1 desktop printer, 2 laptops, 1 HP printer.

MP Special Task Force - 6 desktop printers, 4 HP laser printers and 1 NF36020 server.

MP Support Group Paten - 2 HP printers.

MP agency, zone 1 - 1 HP printer, 2 Toshiba laptops.

MP INACIF Central - 6 desktop computers, 1 HP DJ350 printers, 2 HP laptops

MP Prosecutor Organized Crime Warehouse - 14 desktop computers, 5 monitors.

MP DP warehouse - 37 Micron desktop computers.

MP ADP Office zone 1 - 8 Micron desktop computers and 8 monitors.

MP FDN Izabel - 2 Micron desktop computers.

MP Unidad de Metodos Especiales - 2 Epson printers, 2 HP portable printers.

MP SICOMP Warehouse - 32 Micron desktop computers, 3 Clientpro desktops, 1 Millennia desktop computer, 1 HP printer, 35 Micron monitors.

MP SICOMP - 8 Clientpro desktops, 1 HP printer, 7 MPC monitors.

MP International Cooperation Office - 2 MPC desktop computers with monitors.

MP UNILAT - 16 Dell desktop computers, 11 Micron monitors, 11 HP printers, 3 HP DJ printers.

Demand Reduction

SECCATID ambulatory Treatment Center - Six micron desktop computers, 9 MPC monitors, 3 HP Laser jet printers.

SECCATID HQ zone 10 - 30 Micron desktop computers, 30 MPC monitors, 2 HP office jet 6310 printers, 7 HP printers, 2 micron laptops, 1 Panasonic laptop.

Counterdrug Police (DAIA)

Dipa Pero de Alvarado – Computer equipment is located at DIPA HQ in Guatemala City: DIPA Airport, DIPA Puerto Quetzal, DIPA Pedro de Alvarado, DIPA Talcum Unman, Dip Puerto Barrios, DIPA and SAIA Puerto Santo Tomas, SAIA Guatemala City SAIA Regional CD Training Facility and SAIA Quetzaltenang.

Criminal Investigative Police (CID) donated equipment, is located at the CRADIC PNC Criminal Lab Zone 6, PNC Investigation Section, PNC DINC Academy, PNC Villa Canales, PNC computer Facility Annex 6, PNC Villa Hermosa and PNC Villa Nueva.

Prosecutors Rule of Law (MP) donated equipment is located at MP Gerona office, MP Narcotic Prosecution zone 6, MP Technical Scientific Department, MP Agency for Women and Children, MP Anti-bank Robbery Unit, MP Anti-Kidnapping Unit, MP Anti-Narcotics Unit, MP Car Theft Unit, MP Antinarcotics Chiquimula, MP computer facility zone 1, MP anticorruption zone 1, MP Anti-Narcotics Investigative Support Group (GAPI), MP FDN Chiquimula, MP FDN Quetzaltenango, MP Financial Analysis Zone Unit, MP Human Rights Unit, MP Incinerations Lab, MP Money Laundering and Financial Crime Unit, MP Special Task Force, MP Organized Crime Unit, MP Special Task Force, MP Support Group Pet, MP Agency 9 Zone 1, MP FCN Sabin, Pent, MP INACIF central, MP Prosecutor Organized Crime Warehouse, MP ADP Warehouse, MP and Office Zone, MP FDN Isabel.

Demand Reduction (SECCATID) donated equipment is at the Ambulatory Treatment Center, SECCATID HQ zone 10.

Aviation Support Project (ASP) donated equipment is located at ASP Hanger Guatemala City, and ASP Hanger Flores, Petén.

Vehicles

The NAS purchased 2 new vehicles and 31 motorcycles during 2007. The majority of the vehicles are dedicated to the SAIA program. The SAIA, DIPA, PNC, PM, and SECCATID vehicles are being used nationwide by the respective agencies in support of counternarcotics operations. All SAIA vehicles provided by the NAS and the GOG receive routine preventive and corrective maintenance by the NAS/SAIA Automotive Shop. When the shop is not capable of performing the maintenance, the work is evaluated by NAS maintenance personnel, reviewed by the Logistics Coordinator, approved by the Program Manager and contracted out. The PM vehicles are evaluated by the NAS Mechanic, reviewed by the Logistics Coordinator, approved by the Program Manager and receive routine preventive and corrective maintenance from a local contractor. Proper use of the vehicle is verified during the continuous maintenance performed by the NAS maintenance personnel. Any incidence of improper use are reported to the respective program manger and dealt with on a case-by-case basis.

SAIA occasionally acquires seized vehicles for counternarcotics operations. The NAS continues to work with the GOG to incorporate seized vehicles into the SAIA vehicle fleet to maximize the use of limited resources. The NAS also provides limited preventative and corrective maintenance for these vehicles. Presently, there are two such vehicles used for SAIA throughout Guatemala.

The NAS is formally transferring title of all program vehicles over to the GOG agencies. They are distributed as follows: Narcotics Program-22 SUV’s, 1 van, 49 pickup trucks, 5 trucks (10 ton), 24 motorcycles; Police Program-3 SUV’s, 2 vans, one pickup truck, 21 motorcycles; Public Ministry Program-21 SUV’s, 3 pickup trucks, 4 motorcycles; Demand Reduction Progam-1 SUV, 1 van; PD&S- 2 SUV’s.

Narcotics Program
Chevrolet 4
Dodge 19
Ford 12
Nissan 2
Toyota 1
Hino 5
Motorcycles 13
Yale Forklift 2

Police Program
Dodge 1
Ford 5
Motorcycle 21

Prosecutors Rule of Law
Chevrolet 2
Dodge 4
Ford 21
Mazda 1
Motorcycles 3

Demand Reduction
Ford 2

Aviation Support Project
Chevrolet 1
Dodge 1
Ford 3
Clark forklift 1

Vessels

The two 25’ Boston Whaler fiberglass boats that were previously purchased by the NAS prior to 1999 remain in the SAIA fleet located on the coast. One is located on the Caribbean Coast at Puerto Santo Tomas and the other is located at Puerto Quetzal, on the Pacific Coast. Both were used for limited brown-water counternarcotics operations. These two vessels are on the disposal report and pending disposal through auction.

SAIA
25 ‘ Boston Whaler 2

JICC

The Guatemalan Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC) is located in SAIA central headquarters. It stores and collates information to help develop intelligence for support to SAIA investigations and operations. The 24-hour hot line was discontinued. Now a 110 hotline is manned and operated by the PNC, which permits callers to anonymously provide information on suspected illicit activity.

The JICC consists of 1 server, 12 desktop computers, 3 printers, 1 phone line, 1 TV and 1 scanner. The computers are linked to a server through a local network cable connection, which is also linked to the national police information management system via a fiber optic switch. The NAS maintains and upgrades the computers, servers, and associated equipment. The development of an adequate database is ongoing.

Aircraft

Aviation Support Project
UH-1H-ll helicopter 4

Canine

During 2009, the NAS retired 5 drug and explosive detention canines. The dogs primarily went to their respective handlers’ home for permanent care. The NAS procured 6 new drug and explosive canines. The 38 drug detection and three explosive detection canines provide SAIA and DIPA program support in counternarcotics operations, the airport, highway, sea and land border ports of entry and passage.

The training center is used for training counternarcotics police investigators in drug investigations techniques and a second counternarcotics police unit which covers airports, ports, and training of canine units in all aspects of counternarcotics training and professional development. Many of the students who undergo canine training come from neighboring central and South American countries as well as Guatemala. The DAIA drug investigators and airports/ports offices are primarily Guatemalan. The center has ongoing courses year round except for a couple of weeks in December when it is closed for annual maintenance that is supervised by NAS personnel. The NAS Training Coordinator who also acts as the School Facility Administrator works in conjunction with the PNCS School Director and oversees the facility’s operation to ensure that the substantial resources NAS has invested in the school are protected and monitored.

The NAS provides numerous types of commodities for the center such as: computers, desks, furniture, gym facility, radio communications and basic office equipment. The NAS also provides expendable supplies such as dog food and canine supplies, cleaning supplies, classroom and audio visual materials in support of the center’s courses. Canines are trained at the facility along with new handlers from DAIA and other central and South American posts, for the purpose of drug and explosives detection.

Laboratory Equipment

The USG provides laboratory equipment to the MP for drug verification and identification. The equipment is installed in a MP laboratory in the capital. The NAS provides maintenance support. EUM inspections confirm that these items are being used for the purpose intended.

Aircraft Fuel

The NAS provided fuel support for the Guatemalan Air Force assets that were used in four poppy eradication operations which were conducted in 2007.

Miscellaneous Items

The NAS purchased a wide variety of consumables/expendables in CY-2007, including tools for container inspections, office supplies, uniform items, Meals Ready to Eat (MRE’s), and canine supplies. All items were entered into the NAS Inventory Management System, and consumption rates were monitored by the Data Technician and Logistics Coordinator.

The incinerator is located at the new SAIA headquarters and is used for destruction of drugs. The drug warehouse and laboratory facility is undergoing remodeling and has thus rendered the incinerator unserviceable until the construction is completed.

Status-Services

Construction

PNC Criminal Intelligence Unit-CRADIC - The Police Program fully equipped and provided security upgrades for this criminal analysis office located in Zone 1 of Guatemala City. The project was begun in November 2007 and completed in December.

Waldemar Project - This project consists of office furniture and equipment provided by the Police Program. The PNC investigative office is located in San Benito, Peten. The project was begun in January and completed in April of 2007.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Vehicle Maintenance Costs

Poor road conditions, mountainous terrain and poorly trained drivers contribute to the high wear and tear of vehicles. Maintenance and replacement parts for vehicles are expensive. Post, with INL approval, began buying US-assembled cars locally to take advantage of the vendor’s warranty service, comparable prices and faster delivery.

Fluctuations in Electrical Current

The quality and consistency of the electricity in Guatemala is sub-standard compared to that in the United States. Post regularly replaced or repaired computer and radio communications equipment that is damaged by fluctuations or spikes in the electricity even after being protected by UPS equipment. The purchase of UPS’ and electrical regulators helps protect the equipment.

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

Counter-Drug Police (DAIA) - The Ministry of Government (MOG) contracted a communications company to provide radio communications and maintenance support for all Civil National Police (PNC) entities. It has been observed that expeditious, corrective and preventative maintenance has hindered the communications performance of the police to conduct daily and special unit police operations. The NAS has worked closely with the contractor to insure the quality of radio communications meets the needs of DAA. The MOG has allowed the service contract to expire as of November 2009 and the NAS will provide maintenance until a new service contract is established.

Computer Equipment

The computer equipment received by CD, PP, MP and SECCTAD has met operational expectations.


MEXICO CITY

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Leslie DeGraffenried, Tel: 011-5255-5080-2000, ext. 4679, degraffenriedls@state.gov

Fred Schellenberg-IT Infrastructure Coordinator, Tel: 52-55-5080-2000, ext. 4102, SchellenbergFA@state.gov

Fernando Cuadra-Deputy IT Program Coordinator for Secretariat of Government (SECOB) projects, Tel. 52-55-5080-2000, ext. 4926, CuadraOF@state.gov

Monica Niiranen-Deputy IT Program Coordinator for Secretariat of Communications and Transportation (SCT) Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (SHCP), Tel: 52-5-5080-2000 ext. 4832, NiiranenM@state.gov

Alejandro Bonino-Deputy IT Program Coordinator for Secretariat of Public Security (SSP), Secretariat of Health (SSA)-National Commission for Drug Abuse CONADIC), Office of the Attorney General (PGR), Tel: 52-55-5080- 2000, ext. 4957, TDYBoninoAC@state.gov.

Mike Hogan-Law Enforcement Program Coordinator, Tel: 52-55-5080-2000, ext. 4903, HoganM@state.gov

William Carroll, Border/POE Security Coordinator, Tel: 52-55-5080-2000, Ext. 4185, Carrollwj@state.gov

Andrew Zgolinski, Aviation Projects Coordinator, Tel: 52-55-5080-2000, ext, 4192, ZgolinskiAB@state.gov

Sofia Lozano-Property Management Assistant, Tel: 52-55-5080-2000, ext. 4417, LozanoMS@state.gov

Inventory System

The NAS uses an in-house developed Microsoft access automated inventory tracking system to record and track the distribution of all resources donated to host government agencies. The EUM coordinator uses the automated system to manage EUM information. Additionally, the database records property that is lost, damaged or destroyed.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

As discussed below, in addition to the NAS Program Coordinators, the NAS Logistics Advisor, and the Property Management Assistant support the EUM Program Coordinator with the EUM process. Using information from the automated EUM database, the NAS Logistics Office provides a list of property to NAS field visitors for the purpose of monitoring/checking status of donated resources during field visits. The NAS Property Management Assistant records property discrepancies, losses or damages in the database.

The Border Security Projects (BSP) Coordinator serves as the Project Advisor for all projects falling under the Border Security Program area. The BSP Coordinator regularly performs on-site visits throughout Mexico’s ports of embarkation and gathers EUM information through communications with GOM contacts.

The Information Technology (IT) and Infrastructure Projects Coordinator advises GOM agencies on matters related to IT. Maintains ongoing communications with GOM contacts and assesses the use of donated equipment associated with IT projects.

The Aviation Projects Coordinator advises GOM agencies on all aviation related matters dealing with anti-narcotics operations, i.e. training, maintenance, equipment, etc. End-use information is gathered by regular on-site visits with the assistance of NAS Locally Engaged Staff (LES), written weekly and monthly reports, and verbal communications with GOM contacts.

Other USG Agency Assistance

Drug Enforcement Administration (DOJ/DEA)
Office of Defense Coordination (DOD/ODC)
Customs and Border Protection (DHS/CBP)
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (DHS/CBP/ICE)

The agencies listed above collaborated frequently with NAS in order to achieve mission plans. Of these agencies, NAS collaborated frequently with DHS/CBP in the identification, testing, selection, implementation, and analysis of non-intrusive inspection equipment (NIIE). In addition, DHS/CBP/ICE provided ongoing advice for NIIE x-ray equipment used at major Mexican airports.

Receipt

During 2009, GOM officials regularly signed Notes of Agreement (NOA) documenting receipt of donated commodities. The NOA’s specify the items donated quantities, description, serial numbers, intended use, locations and the legal authority for donation and confirmation of receipt of such goods. Use of these documents helped GOM and NAS officials maintain the centralized inventory of donated equipment. Supporting records are kept by individual project coordinators and NAS accounting. These records are updated periodically through field visits, the comparison of the USG written records with GOM written records and through discussion with GOM contacts.

Counterpart Agencies

The Mexican Government (GOM) agencies listed below comply with the EUM process discussed in the Letters of Agreement (LOAs). Additionally, NAS Program Coordinators conduct periodic visits to listed agencies and have established a EUM reporting mechanism to facilitate the process. In cases where the donated equipment has reached the end of its life cycle, GOM agencies report to NAS and assist with the disposal process when appropriate. Specifically, the GOM agencies are:

Office of the Attorney General (PGR)
Secretariat of Public Security (SSP), Federal Police (PF)
Secretariat of Government (SEGOB), National Intelligence Services (CISEN), National Immigration Institute (INAMI)
Secretariat of National Defense (SEDENA)
Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit, Customs (SHCP), Unidad de Inteligencia Financiera (UIF), (SAT) Servicio de Administracion Tributaria – Administracion General de Aduanas (SHCP SAT AGA), Comision Nacional Bancaria y de Valores (CNBV), (SHCP SAE) Servicio de Administracion y Enajenacion de Bienes
Secretariat of Public Health’s National Commission for Protection against Health Risks (COFEPRIS), National Commission for Drug Abuse (CONADIC)
Secretariat of Communications and Transportation (SCT), Servicio Postal Mexicano (SEPOMEX), Caminos y Puentes Federales (CAPUFE)

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

Using information from the automated EUM database, the Logistics Office provides a list of property to NAS field visitors for the purpose of monitoring/checking status of donated resources during field visits. The NAS Property Management Assistant immediately documents and reports discrepancies, losses or damages in the EUM automated database. In CY-2009 approximately 55% of donated accountable property was inspected on-site. Scheduled and unscheduled on-site physical inspections were the primary method of monitoring INL-funded resources.

Before August 2009, there were no formal documentation mechanisms for End Use Monitoring visits. Project Coordinators were responsible for making personal notes based on their observations. In 2009 there were three formal visits conducted.

10/29/2009 - PGR-DGCS (Direccion General de Coordinacion de Servicios Periciales)
11/05/2009 - PGR-DGSA (Direccion General de Servicios Aereos)
12/15/2009 - SHCP-CNBV (Comision Bancaria y de Valores)

The NAS and other USG representatives visited at least ten GOM agency sites throughout Mexico in calendar year 2009: Mexico City, Baja, California, Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora and Veracruz. These sites were visited throughout the year at least once, from January to December 2009.

Of the 6,416 items (including supplies) currently in the NAS EUM database, approximately 4,700 were subject to inspection.

In CY-2009 approximately 55% of all donated items were inspected on-site.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Comparison of Records - Ten percent of the accountable items were inspected by means of comparing bi-lateral written records and the balance through discussions with GOM contacts.

Discussions - In CY09 approximately 35% of U.S. donated property could not be physically inspected for security or safety reasons. However, NAS was able to obtain information regarding the status and use of this equipment through discussions and meetings with GOM contacts.

Status- Commodities

Aircraft

During CY09, NAS continued to provide, under a no-cost lease, 18 Bell UH- 1H helicopters, ten Schweitzer SAC 333 helicopters, aviations supplies and spare parts to the Office of the Attorney General (PGR) Air Service. All aircraft in the active inventory are operational.

Attorney General (PGR)
Bell UH-1H helicopters 18
Schweitzer SAC 333 helicopters 10

UH-1H interdiction helicopters were based at the following locations: XC-BBA-Insurance repair station, XC-LIX Hermosillo, XC-BBG-Guadalajara, XC-HGR- Insurance repair station, XC-BBH-Guadalajara, XC-JAX-Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-BBJ- Caborca, XC-LJJ- Mexicali, XC-JAD-Guadalajara, XC-JAQ-Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-LJK-Chetumal, XC-JAN- Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-LIV-Guadalajara, XC-JAV- Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-JAM- Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-JAO- Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-BBL-Santana, XC-JAA-Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-JAS- Insurance repair station, XC-JAR-Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-JAU- destroyed in accident, XC-BBF- Acapulco, XC-BBE- Guadalajara, XC-BBD- Guadalajara pending destruction, XC-LIW- Insurance repair station, XC-LIZ- Tapachula, XC-LKF- Acapulco, XC-LKG-Ciudad Carmen.

Interdiction Helicopters
UH-1H 27

Schweizer SAC-333 helicopters for aerial and border security were based in the following locations: Nogales (1), Mexicali (1), Guadalajara (3), Ciudad Carmen (1), Chetmual (1), Culiacan (1), Acapulco (1), and Chihuahua (1). One was destroyed in an accident.

Aircraft parts, valued at approximately $24 million, for the UH-1H’s were delivered in the second half of December to PGR’s main maintenance base and warehouse in Guadalajara. As of the end of the year, the parts were being inventoried and entered into the PGR’s tracking system.

Aerial Surveillance and Border Security Helicopters
Schweitzer SAC-333 10

Aircraft parts, scavenged from Bell UH-1H helicopters that were to be destroyed by Project OLR in Temple, TX and with a book value of approximately USD $2.3 million, were delivered to the PGR’s main maintenance base and warehouse in Guadalajara, Jalisco. As of the end of the CY09 the parts were being inventoried, inspected to determine usefulness and entered into the PGR’s tracking system.

Computer Equipment

In 2009, the NAS donated computer equipment to the following:

Office of the Attorney General – 155 computers, related equipment and associated software.

Secretary of Finance and Public Credit – 39 computers, related equipment and associated software.

In 2008, the NAS donated computer and office equipment to the following agencies:

Federal Protective Police - computer and office equipment

Customs - computer and office equipment including a server, six money counters, 15 handheld ion scanners

Office of the Attorney General - computers and office equipment

National Institute of Psychology - computer and office equipment

Secretariat for Public Security - computer equipment and five ion scanners

National Banking Commission - computer and office equipment

National Immigration Institute - computer and office equipment

Vehicles

Customs - Three non-funded non-intrusive inspection (NII) X-ray minivans operated in the passenger luggage-handling areas at the international airports in Mexico City and in Cancun; they were used to detect bulk shipments of illicit cash and other contraband.

In 2008, the NAS purchased an X-ray minivan and ten X-ray backscatter vans for Customs.

Customs
X-Ray Mini vans 4
Armored Vehicles 2

Twelve installed Portal VACIS (Vehicle and Cargo Inspection System) units, purchased and delivered to Customs from 2004 to 2007 inspected trucks and trailers for arm, drug, and other contraband at the following northern Mexico strategic ports of entry: Colombia (Nuevo Leon-2); Nuevo Laredo (Tamaulipas -2); Piedras Negras (Coahuila-2); Nagales (Sonora-2); Mexicali (Baja California Norte); Otay Mesa (BCN); Ciudad Jurez (Chihuahua); and Reynosa (Tamaulipas). Other installed NAS purchased NII equipment, including a railroad VACIS at Mexicali and a pallet VACIS at Mexico International Airport, detected rail and air contraband, respectively. The NAS visited these units during 2008, the Mexico City airport pallet VACIS was regularly shown to visiting USG officials.

Mexican Federal Police – The Federal Police (SSP/AFI) operated three USG-provided NII mobile gamma radiation VACIS donated by the NAS in November 2005. These vehicles, joined by five other similar units purchased by SSP/AFI in 2007, operated at unannounced locations throughout Mexico for short periods of time, inspecting trucks and trailers for contraband. The NAS personnel saw the USG-provided trucks operating along Mexican highways once each quarter during the reporting year.

Office of Attorney General (PGR) and Secretariat of Public Security (SSP) Special Investigative Units - The GOM recently merged the Agencia Federal de Investigacions (AFI) and the Policia Federal Preentiva (PFP), creating the new Federal Police. Over this period of time, vehicles donated by the NAS to the Special Investigative Units have been transferred to different locations and agencies consistent with GOM priorities in the fight against narcotics.

Twelve non-armored surveillance vehicles, six Chevy Malibu sedans and six Chevy Cheyenne 4x4 pickup trucks were donated to the SSP in 2008. Thirty-eight (38) vehicles were purchased in 2008 with NAS funds for the vetted units.

Secretariat of Public Security (SSP): The three gamma radiation mobile trucks are in the third year of a USG-funded six-year extended maintenance contract.

Secretariat of Public Security (SSP)
Chevy Malibu 6
Chevy Cheyenne 4x4 6
Chevy Suburban 17
Mercedes Benz Vans 5
Ford Minivans 10

In 2009, NAS donated eight armored vehicles to PGR, one armored vehicle and one vehicle with specialized X-ray equipment to Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit, Customs (SAT) and 32 vehicles to Secretariat of Public Security. Seventeen of the SSP vehicles are armored and 15 contain specialized X-ray equipment. All vehicles in the active inventory are operational.

Office of the Attorney General (PGR)
Nissan Pickup trucks 8
Volkswagen sedans 21
Jeep Cherokees 4
Volkswagen Pointers 4
Yamaha motorcycles 2
Chevrolets 4
Fords 2
Hummers 2
Chevy Suburban armored 8

The first three minivans are in the last year of a three year USG-funded extended maintenance contract; the fourth minivan is under its initial USG-funded warranty year, with an additional USG-funded one year extended maintenance contract in place; the ten X-Ray vans have a USG-funded initial warranty year and a one-year extended maintenance contract in place; NAS still provides initial crew training for these ten x-ray units.

Secretariat of Finance &Public Credit, Customs (SAT)
Mercedes Van (x-ray equip.) 10
Minivan with X-ray equip. 3
Ford Van Econoline 2
Chevrolet Suburban 1

Government of Baja, California Police
Cadillac 1
Chevy Suburban 2

Other
Nissan Pickup 1
Ford Aerostar 1
Chevy Suburban 1

Miscellaneous Equipment

Secretariat of Communications and Transportation (SCT) – The six SENTRI (Secure Electronic Network for Travelers Rapid Inspection) Access Lanes constructed in Mexico by NAS between 2004 and 2007, which included infrastructure such as concrete, signs land barriers, relocating trees and kiosks, light poles, paint, reflectors, etc., continued being operated by the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation (SCT) at the following major northern ports of entry: Tijuana, Baja California; Mexicali, Baja California; Nogales, Sonora; Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas; Matamoros, Tamaulipas; and Reynosa, Tamaulipas. NAS officers witnessed the lanes in use throughout the year during office-related and personal trips across the border.

Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit, Customs (SAT) – The NAS donated 35 pieces of specialized X-ray equipment. The equipment is located at the Mexico City International Airport and at border entry points at various locations throughout Mexico.

Training – As part of the computer systems, software and specialized X-ray equipment NAS donated to GOM, training and other professional services (such as translation) were required to ensure the host nation could effectively employ the donated resources.

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

The ICT and the associated computer systems NAS donated to GOM continue to facilitate connectivity and interoperability within the GOM and with elements of the USG. For instance, the OASIS project continues supporting information interchange between the Mexican PGR and US Department of Homeland Security, relating to illegal human smuggling cases.

Telecommunications equipment donated by the NAS has facilitated
interconnectivity within the Government of Mexico and with elements of the USG. For example, one project, OASIS, supports the daily interchange of information between the PGR and the DHS relating to illegal human smuggling cases.

Computer Equipment

In CY-2009, the NAS donated 155 computers, related equipment and associated software to the PGR, 39 to SSP, biometric information capture systems for three locations on the Mexican Guatemalan border. The equipment and software are all operational.

During CY-2009, NAS provided PGR with five Integrated Ballistics Identification Systems (IBIS) and related equipment. This equipment continues to allow firearms examiners and technicians to acquire analog images of the marking made by a firearm on bullets and cartridge casings.

The GOM is using the five IBISs donated in CY09 and the computer systems to modernize outdated systems and improve connectivity/monitoring, and communication among the GOM agencies that are supporting the Merida Initiative.

Surveillance Equipment

The USG-provided NII equipment, both mobile and fixed, have given the GOM additional capability in detecting and confiscating drugs, weapons, chemicals, explosives, laundered money, as well as other contraband, at diverse and often constantly changing strategic locations throughout Mexico. The X-ray van alone has contributed to Customs discovering over $30 million during CY09. Following delivery and manufacturer training in CY09, NII units augmented the capability developed in 2008.

Laboratory Equipment

During 2009, the NAS provided five PGR with an Integrated Ballistics Identification System (IBIS) and related equipment. This equipment allows firearms examiners and technicians to acquire analog images of the markings made by a firearms on bullets and cartridge casings.

Professional Services

The professional services provided by the NAS have allowed Mexico to advance its prosecutions of drug traffickers and combat terrorism.

Aircraft

The USG-provided aircraft are an integral part of the PGR’s interdiction and border security activities. The UH-1H’s are indispensable for the end game in interdiction activities by transporting law enforcement personnel to make seizures and arrests, transporting seized drugs and arms, and pursuing suspects. The Schweizer helicopters, with their sensors and cameras, are used to patrol the border areas and support police ground activities.

Vehicles

With the exception of the vans with special x-ray equipment, the other vehicles (including motorcycles) are used to transport GOM personnel who are directly supporting the Merida Initiative.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

During CY09, the NAS experienced slow response from the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs and donation recipients in relation to free entry permits. The slow GOM response additionally contributed to a delay in importing purchased equipment into Mexico, which affected the EUM process. The NAS discussed the issue with GOM representatives and developed a streamlined process to expedite the fee entry process. Additionally, the NAS is exploring the possibility of consolidating freight forwarder services.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

All equipment discussed above is either operational or in maintenance (in case of the aircraft). However, the GOM identified fifteen (15) vehicles in CY09 that have reached the end of their useful life and should be disposed of. The NAS is in the process of disposing of these vehicles and will report their destruct in CY10.

Although NAS-funded maintenance programs, through manufacturer representatives based in Mexico, were in place on all major USG-provided NII equipment, GOM agencies still failed at times to follow procedures for reporting repair and maintenance needs. In these cases, resolution came about only after the NAS Project Advisor becomes involved. The GOM has taken the initiative to obtain maintenance and repair to service the equipment in accordance with manufactures’ specifications.

Lack of Use of Commodities

Some items are still underutilized due to a shortage of trained personnel. Customs often waits until a big-ticket piece of NII equipment arrives before it recruits the personnel needed to operate it, although this is less of a problem with SSP.

Many Customs and SSP personnel have not owned a vehicle, or even driven one, prior to recruitment by those agencies and so “cut their teeth” on USG-provided sophisticated equipment. All three of the 12-ton gamma radiation mobile trucks donated to the SSP have been involved in accidents in their first three years of operation. In one case, the cobalt radiation source, which is normally only changed after five years of operation, had to be replaced at USG expense during its first year because of improper use. The NAS is considering funding basic driver training for NII heavy equipment before USG-funded manufactured operator training and USG law enforcement “tricks of the trade” training take place. The GOM has requested and obtained their own resources for operators training; not previously available. NAS assists GOM as required by providing sources that can provide the required training.

Disposal of Commodities

Nine UH-1H fuselages are pending destruction at the PGR’s main helicopter maintenance base in Guadalajara. These aircraft were not deemed economically viable to repair. Permission to destroy these aircraft was obtained from INL/RM and once advised that the process should proceed, the NAS Aviation Adviser will travel to Guadalajara to observe the destruction and recover the aircraft identification data plates.


PANAMA CITY

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

NAS Administrative Assistant Debbie Guarnieri Tel: 507-207-7273; guarnierida@state.gov

Inventory System

The stand-alone version of the Non-Expendable Property Application (NEPA) inventory system has been implemented.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Staff members, the NAS Assistant, and PSC advisors perform periodic site visits and meet with GOP personnel to discuss the use of donated assets. DEA and DHS/ICE agents also conduct regular on-site visits and report any discrepancies/needs concerning INL- provided resources. The NAS and the GOP are jointly responsible for maintenance of all INL-donated equipment. The NAS sells items returned as non-functioning/non-repairable and that are deemed to have sufficient retail value at GSO directed embassy auctions. Auction sale proceeds are returned to program funds. The NAS also certifies destruction of property that is deemed to have no significant resale value.

Counterpart Agencies

General International Affairs
Criminal Statistics System (SIEC)
Drug Prosecutor’s Office
Financial Investigative Unit (FIU)
Financial Analysis Unit (FIU)
First Prosecutor’s Office Anti-Corruption Unit
First Prosecutor’s Office Drug Unit
IPR Prosecutor Office
Organized Unit
Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC)
Panama National Police (PNP)
The Police Fluvia Unit (UMOF)
Investigations Directorate (DIJ)
National Aerial Naval Service (SENAN)

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

Five (5) scheduled and twenty-seven (27) unscheduled inspections were conducted in 30 cities in 2009. The date and location of each inspection is as follows:

11/13/2009 - Joint Information and Coordination Office
02/12/2010 - ICE Clayton Vetted Unit
02/09/2010 - PNP, SIU
03/10/2009 - PNP, Frontier Unit in Darien
03/11/2009 - DIJ, Chitre
03/16/2009 - DIJ, Narcotics Azuero
04/06/2009 - PNP, Guabala Checkpoint
04/07/2009 - SENAN, Chiriqiu
04/07/2009 - PNP, DIP Chiriqui
08/06/2009 - PNP, Internal Affairs Section
10/26/2009 - MOGJ, Public Security
10/27/2009 - DIJ, Narcos A, Geralbert Airport
10/30/2009 - PNP, K9 Unit
10/30/2009 - ENAN, Air Service Wang
10/30/2009 - DIJ, Tocumen International Airport
01/06/2010 - First Prosecutor’s office anti-corruption Unit
01/06/2010 - IPR Prosecutor’s Office
01/06/2010 - First Prosecutor’s Office Drug Unit
01/08/2010 - SENAN, Colon
01/08/2010 - SENAN, Communications
01/08/2010 - SEAN, Special Forces Rodman
01/08/2010 - SENAN, DAN Drug Intelligence Unit
01/08/2010 - SENAN, BPC shop
01/08/2010 - SENAN, Director’s Office
02/09/2010 - PNP, UMOF
02/10/2010 - DIJ, Narcotics Santiago
02/10/2010 - DIJ, forensics Lab Santiago
02/10/2010 - PNP, DIIP Penome

The number of donated items subject to inspection is 1,850. Ninety-two percent (92%) of the donated items were personally inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

In addition to the above, inspections, NAS staff relied on meetings and conversations with host country offices, who confirmed that the equipment allocated to their respective units was present and remained in good working order. The percentage of donated items subject to secondary monitoring was 4 %.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

The NAS currently tracks 380 CPUs donated to host government institutions to include: PNP-42 units, DIJ-55 units, SENAN-32 units, Public Ministry-121 units, CFZ-23 units, MOGJ-52 units, and Presidency-32 units, Customs-14 units, and CENAID-5 units. The equipment listed above is still in fair working condition, but some of it is becoming outdated/obsolete. This equipment is being used to maintain statistical crime information, counter narcotics investigations, prosecutions, and money laundering cases.

Canine Program

Twenty-three (23) canines were donated to the PNP in 2005. Seventeen (17) remain operational; 13 are used for drug detection; one is used for explosives detection, and three are used for protection and security. Six canines have been retired. The canines are all being housed in Tocumen and are in good health.

 Satellite Phones

The NAS has provided four satellite phones to the GOP; two were provided to the Fluvial Unit of the PNP and the other two were provided to the SENAN. This equipment is being used during surveillance operations at remote locations. The equipment is in good working condition.

Night Vision Goggles

The NAS has donated 19 sets of Night Vision Goggles to the GOP. Eight units have been donated to SENAN, five units to the DIJ, and six to the PNP. This equipment is being used for counternarcotics and surveillance operations and is in good working condition.

Vehicles

National Aerial Naval Service (SENAN)
Ford 250 pickups 4
Motorcycles 4
Bus 2

Financial Investigative Unit (FIU))
Ford CAB 2
Ford Focus 2

Joint Information & Coordination Center (JICC)
Ford Taurus 1

Panamanian National Police
Ford 250 pickups 2
Toyota Prada 1
Ford Explorer 1
5-ton trucks 10
1 1/4/ ton truck 4
Humvee Ambulances 4
Utility Humvee 11
Suzuki motorcycles 7
Ford 4x2 1
Ford Clubwagon 1
Chevrolet van 1
Toyota Hilux 3

Investigations Directorate
Ford Focus 2
Honda RV 1
Toyota Corolla 4
Ford P/UPS 2

Vessels

Panamanian National Police
Yellow fin vessel 2
Donzi fast boat 2

SENAN
Donza vessel 2

Program Impact

Vessels

The Police Fluvial Unit (UMOF) used NAS donated vessels to seize over seven tons of cocaine in 2009. Vessels donated to the National Maritime Service have traditionally not seized the high volume of narcotics as those donated to the UMOF, but with the reorganization of SENAN, post has seen an increased willingness to forward deploy. NAS Panama hopes that as the GOP moves forward with the Maritime Joint Task Force (JTF) concept in 2010. Most US donated vessels will be involved in JTF operations and be even more involved in seizure activities.

Communications Equipment

Cell phones, satellite phones, and radios compatible with the police network provided to vetted units and other select units with the National Police network have contributed to Panama once again leading the region in interdiction with the seizure of over 50 tons of cocaine in FY-2008. The equipment has enabled PNP officials to communicate during both special operations and in the course of their normal activities.

Vehicles

The ability of the NAS to maintain vehicles seized by Panamanian Police Narcotics Units enabled post to provide PNP vetted units with a fleet of 28 vehicles for under $20,000 per year. This program has proven highly successful and is more cost-effective than providing new vehicles on a constant basis. These vehicles, along with four program vehicles maintained by the NAS, enable PNP personnel to conduct investigations, surveillance, and patrols, and enable NAS personnel to provide direct project support.

Laboratory Equipment

Laboratory Equipment donated to the DIJ laboratory in Santiago is of vital support to the region. This unit provides fast response to the PNP unit by working cases in the northern provinces of Panama that traditionally were underserved by the other laboratory located in Panama City.

SENAN Ship Refurbishing

The NAS is currently refurbishing four 82-foot ships that serve as “mother ships” for U.S. donated interceptor ships tasked with reacting to U.S. provided intelligence on possible narcotics smuggling vessels. The 82-foot ships also provide SENAN with the ability to resupply unit stations outside of Panama’s major population centers. In 2009, SENAN reported the seizure of over 18 tons of cocaine, virtually all of which were interdicted with U.S. support and assistance.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Unmonitored Resources

Due to staffing shortages, some outlying locations were not monitored during 2009. All items not monitored in 2009 are located on the Atlantic Coast and will be inspected in the first quarter of FY10 ensuring 100% of inspected items for FY10. The percentage of donated items not monitored was 3.3%.

Disposal of Commodities

Post is in the process of disposing of outdated equipment that has served its useful lifespan. Items deemed of sufficient value will be sold by GSO directed auctions; other equipment will be disposed of following NAS procedures.


SAN JOSE

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

NAO Robert B. Andrew, Tel: 220-2253, andrewrb@state.gov

Inventory System

Post maintains an inventory of donated property using an Excel spreadsheet. However, post is developing a more efficient system using Microsoft Access.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Post’s Narcotics Affairs Officer and Program Analyst are responsible for the EUM. They perform on-site inspections of the equipment donated and check resources against an inventory log (Excel spreadsheet).

Other US Government Agency Assistance

DEA Special Agents and the Office of the Defense Representative Staff periodically visited Costa Rican counternarcotics installations and verified the proper use and continued maintenance of equipment acquired with INL funds.

Counterpart Agencies

The Drug Control Police (PCD)
National Police Academy
Costa Rican Coast Guard (SNGC)
Air Surveillance Section (SVA)
Canine Unit of the Ministry of Public Security (MPS)
Ministry of Justice Financial Crimes/Money Laundering unit
Planimetric Unit
Audio/Photograph Unit of the Forensics Lab
Surveillance /Monitoring Unit
Cybercrimes Unit
Judicial School and Canine Unit of the Organization for Judicial Investigations (OIJ)
Supreme Court’s Child and Sex Exploitation Unit (CSE)
Costa Rican Institute on Drugs (ICD), formerly CICAD
Intelligence and Security Bureau (DIS) Ministry of the Presidency

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

On-site inspections of all GOCR recipients were performed in November and December 2009 and January 2010 except for the Prosecutor’s Offices in Limon, Perez Zeledon, Quepos and San Carlos. Post has not visited the border installation at Penas Blancas which post will visit in mid-February and will report septel. Visits to these outlying areas are infrequent due to limited INL funding and insufficient staff.

Post performed 12 on-site inspections at 16 counterpart sites as follows:

11/09/2009 - OIJ’s canine Unit
11/10/2009 - Ministry of Public Security’s CSE Unit
11/11/2009 - MPS’s Police Academy, Pavas Facility
11/23/2009 - CR Coast Guard at Quepos
12/07/2009- MPS’s Canine Unit
12/14/2009 - MPS’s Immigration Dept; Prosecutors’s Office in San Jose; Surveillance and Monitoring OIJ unit; Narcotics, Money Laundering and Economic/Financial Crimes and Cyber Crimes
01/12/2010 - MPS’s Drug Control Police (PCD)
01/14/2010 - MPS’s Air Surveillance Section (SVA)
01/15/2010 - OIJ’s Forensic Lab and Judicial School, Heredia
01/19/2010 - Costa Rica Drug Institute (ICD)
01/22/2010 - Ministry of the Presidency’s Intelligence and Security Bureau (DIS) and Interpol
01/26/1020 - MS’ Coast Guard (SNGC)

There were 1,045 donated items subject to inspection. Eighty percent (80%) of these items were personally inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources

Post compared written reports and/or computerized records with GOCR inventory reports. The NAS staff also regularly discussed the status of INL-funded commodities/projects with host government officials. About 20 percent of donated items were monitored using secondary methods.

Receipt

All donated equipment is recorded with a specific document signed by an Embassy representative and the senior official from the recipient agency. The donated document specifies the equipment being donated and notes the inventory and manufacturer’s serial number. The documents include the following text: “If the donated items do not meet the user’s needs, according to the Letter of Agreement, the items may not be reassigned to another department and the U.S. Embassy political section must be notified immediately.”

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

National Police Academy - In 2001, the NAS provided two Dell laptops, one scanner, two color printers, one digital camera, one camcorder and two video projectors to the National Police Academy. One of the Dell laptops was stolen but replaced, and the screen of the other one is not working so it is used with a projector. In CY-2005, the NAS provided a computer, Toshiba laptop with case, two Epson printers, and a video projector. In 2007, INL provided a Toshiba laptop, screen with tripod and Infocus LCD projector. The laptop, which has not worked since it was donated, has yet to be fixed by the Police Academy. The projector works for 10 minutes, gets warm and then it turns off; it has also not been repaired. The equipment is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2002-2006, the NAS provided a Compaq computer, a Toshiba laptop computer, a Sony notebook Pentium 4 laptop computer, a Sony digital camera, a Sony Camcorder, a HP office jet print/copy/scan/fax, a Riso high-speed reproduction printer and eight Dell Optiplex computers and a UPS in support of the Coast Guard Academy. Out of service equipment includes: a Panasonic fax, two Panasonic VCR’s, a Toshiba 1400 laptop, that could not be repaired, and an Infocus LCD projector. The rest of the equipment is being used for its intended purpose.

MPS Child and Sex Exploitation (CSE) unit - In 2006, the NAS provided 10 computers, 10 Epson printers, MS Office 2003 and Windows XP Pro software, 10 surge protectors, three Toshiba laptops and one Epson projector. One of the printers is damaged and has been sent to the MPS repair shop. Some printers have run out of toner and the unit does not have enough funds in their budget to buy new toner. The equipment is being used for the investigation of CSE cases.

OIJ K-9 unit - In CY-2001-2003, the NAS provided three Jaguar Pentium III computers, one HD DeskJet printer, one HP LaserJet, one HP Scan Jet, three UPS’, two 24-switch ports, two optical fiber converters, one Sony camcorder, and one memory stick. The HP Scanjet is damaged and is not being used. This equipment is at the OIJ’s K-9 Unit in Heredia and being used for its intended purpose.

Interpol Office - In 2006, post donated 6 Dell computers, one Canon digital copying machine, and one Scan jet to the Interpol office. In CY-07, one HP Laser jet printer was also donated. The equipment has been very useful to speed up investigators; offices have been able to dedicate more time to investigate each case since nearly all paper files were moved to the computers.

Immigration Directorate - InCY-03, INL provided 10 Jaguar 1500 Pentium 4 computers to be installed at the Juan Santa Maria International Airport to enhance the arrival –departure information system. The NAS also provided 3 Ricoh Scanners, one HP multifunctional scanner/printer/copier. They reported that seven of the printers are damaged; two are being used in regional offices and one is at the IT office; the rest of the equipment works.

ICD - From 2001-2006, post donated 2 Jaguar computers, 1 digital camcorder, a Cisco ASA Platform, 3 Dell power connect switches and 4 Dell Optiplex computers. Post financed the development of administrative software to enhance ICD’s operational capabilities. This HP printer has been disposed of, as it could not be fixed and the Cisco SA platform was exchanged for another one at their expense. In addition, the HP deskjet was irreparably damaged.

Guardian computer software was purchased in 2003 to enable ICD to electronically communicate with the El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC) using the DEA Guardian software in the format required by EPIC. This software is outdated but still in use.

In 2005, post donated one Pentium IV computer, 1 Toshiba laptop, 2 Epson printers, and a video projector to the Supreme Court Judicial School. Due to lack of funding for cartridges, the Epson Ink jet printer is not in use. The rest of the equipment is being used for its intended purposes.

From 2002 to 2004, post donated the following to the CSC Prosecution Units in San Jose, Perez Zeledon, Quepos, Limon and San Carlos: 1 Jaguar computer, 3 HP foldable keyboards for HP IPAQ pocket PC, 3 DeskJet printers and 1 scanner. For the other four prosecution units, the NAS provided eight Dell computers, MS Office 2003 software, eight Epson printers, four HP Scan Jet, four Panasonic faxes, and four Canon copying machines in CY-2005 and 2006. A written report from the Chief Prosecutor’s Office indicated that one copier machine is damaged at the CSC prosecution office in San Carlos; the rest of the equipment was in good condition and being used for its intended purpose.

OIJ K-9 Unit - In 2001-2003, post donated the following to the OIJ K-9 unit: 3 Jaguar Pentium III computers, one HP Deskjet printer, one HP Scan jet, 3 UPS, two 24-switch ports, 2 optical fiber converters, 1 Sony camcorder, and 1 memory stick. This equipment is at the OIJ’s K-9 unit in Heredica and is being used for its intended purpose.

OIJ Cyber Crimes Unit - In 2004-2006, the NAS provided six Dell computers, three external tape drives, four ATA Raid controllers, two wireless PC cards, two drivelock USB’s, three drivelocks in a caddy, six SCSI cards, four promise SATA 150 controller cards, four Encase Forensic software and upgrade packages, four Forensic toolkit access data packages, one password recovery kit, one wireless Access Point, and two Omni Flash Ide Uno to the OIJ Cyber Crimes Unit. All equipment is being use for its intended purposes. They reported that two Dell monitors and one DAR external tape drivers are damaged and could not be fixed.

OIJ- Photographic and audio visual Section of the Forensic Science Laboratory -In 2006-2007, the NAS donated two voice-activated recorders, four color and five black and white miniaturized cameras, 2 GB Secure Digital cards and Arc View software. With the new equipment, the unit was able to record drug transactions dark environments where they were not able to operate before. The unit reported that the donated equipment has contributed to enhancing the response capacity, improved the quality and definition of evidence gathered for prosecuting drug and sex crimes as well as reduced cost. In 2009, this section investigated 1,088 cases, however, post does not have information on how many were sent to court or successfully prosecuted. This equipment has been used all around the country and is well taken care of. The section maintains a log with the information on the person that will be using the equipment and condition in which it was handed-over. With this equipment, they can now support various investigation requests that they were not able to support in the past due to lack of equipment.

OIJ Money Laundering Unit - In 2004-2005, the NAS provided three Toshiba laptops, eight computers, two HP scanners, two HP printers, two memory sticks, eight flash memory, two PS60 shredders, two high volume shredders, two file cabinets, one HP LaserJet, one Panasonic fax, one digital camera, one camcorder, and one copying machine. Two of the HP printers and fax machine are damaged and have been sent to the repair shop. The rest of the items are being used for their intended purpose.

Precursor Control (ICD) - In 2000, the NAS provided a Dell server with monitor to the Office of Precursor Control. In 2002, the NAS funded the purchase of a Jaguar computer, an antivirus software package, a HP DeskJet printer, one Epson and one HP printer, and a Powerless LCD projector. The Dell server and Jaguar computer are obsolete, but are in good condition. ICD requests permission to pass them to another GOCR office that could better use them to meet current needs, possibly an office within the Coast Guard. The equipment was originally donated to the Ministry of Health, which at the time had responsibility for precursor chemical control. In 2004, the Precursor Chemical Office was moved from the Health Ministry to ICE headquarters. This equipment is now located in their headquarters and continues to be used for its intended purpose.

OIJ Narcotics Section - In 2001-2006, the NAS provided a Cannon digital copier, four Jaguar computers, two Jaguar high performances Pentium IV computers, an Apple computer with DVD recorder, three HP DeskJet printers, and one LaserJet printer. Two of the deskjet printers have been sent to the repair shop and only one is being used. All of the equipment is being used to support on-going counter narcotics operations/initiatives.

From 2001-2007, INL provided three Jaguar computers, one Dell Optiplex computer, one Imac Ruby Computer, a 36 GS hard disk, an Apple computer with DVD burner, computer software and licenses, computer 48-port switch, a 4-port analog module for connectivity outside San Jose, one HP printer, two Scan Jets, one Applied Magic video editor, and Mapinfo Geographic Information System (GIS) software to the Narcotics Control Police (PCD). In 2008, NAS provided 3 Analyst’s Notebooks, 1 pattern tracer TCA, 1 pattern tracer TCA telephone call analysis guide, 1 iBase designer, 1 USB dongle and 2 DSC-H7 Sony cybershot digital cameras.

Patrol Boats

Costa Rica received three 82-ft decommissioned USCG cutters as a donation of Excess Defense Articles in 2001. Transfer packages for these vessels were supported with post’s INL funds, and included the refitting of all electronic and communication systems, training for the SNGC crews, and a full complement of spare parts.

The ships 82-3 “Juan Rafael Mora” and 82-2 “Juan Santa Maria” are based in the Pacific port of Puntarenas. In 2008, the NAS provided spare parts and labor cost for the repair of the refrigerators on the 82-2 “Juan Santa Maria” and 82-3 “Juan Rafael Mora.” Also in CY-09, the NAS funded repair for the air conditioning system in the 82-3 “Juan Rafael Mora” and two generators in the 82-4 “Pancha Carrasco.” All three vessels are operational and being used for their intended purpose. These three 82-foot patrol boats are scheduled to be completely overhauled using FY-08-09 Merida FMF funds.

Six 24-ft Rigid Hull Inflatable (RHI) fast patrol craft were transferred to the Coast Guard in 2002. Each RHI is equipped with two Honda 130 HP outboard engines and complete rigging, electronics, and safety equipment. None are operational. They are currently stored at the Coast Guard Station in Quepos. These locally manufactured vessels have experienced numerous problems with the inflatable section of their hulls. The GPS equipment and four of the engines are in good condition. Eight need to be repaired. In 2006, SNGC requested authorization to remove the radar, communication and navigation equipment to install them on other vessels as needed. As of 2008, some of the equipment is in storage at the SNGC station in Quepos.

Two 26-foor fiberglass fast boats were donated to the Ministry of Public Security in 2002. Each fast boat is equipped with two 120 horsepower Mercruiser diesel engines, complete rigging, electronics, and safety equipment. Two of the engines are in good condition and the other two are under repair. When operational, they are used for their intended purpose.

SNGC
83-ft cutters 3
24-ft RHI 6
26-ft fiberglass 2

Vehicles

From CY-2002 to CY-2005, the NAS provided vehicles and equipment to the Ministry of the Presidency ICD’s MET. INL funded the purchase of a customized Ford Econoline utility truck, Econoline Wagon 15-passenger utility van, two motorcycles, trailer, Honda generator, tools, and equipment for the truck. The MET conducts counternarcotics operations as well as a number of cross-border training exercises with counterparts in Nicaragua and Panama. However, starting in CY-2008 and after a court ruling, ICD can no longer conduct interdiction operations; instead it provides logistics support and training for the Uniformed Police to carry out these operations.

In 2003, post purchased two Toyota RAV-4s for donation to the Organization for Judicial Investigations (OIJ) to conduct undercover operations. In October 2008, both vehicles were traded in as a down payment for two new 2008 Daihatsu Terios.

In 2002 and 2003, INL provided vehicles and equipment to the Ministry of the Presidency’s Mobile Enforcement Team (MET). INL funded the purchase of a customized utility truck, utility van, two motorcycles, trailer, a Honda generator, tools, and equipment for the vehicles. The MET conducts counternarcotics operations as well as a number of cross-border training exercises with counterparts in Nicaragua and Panama.

Post donated a Ford E-150, 8-passenger van to the PCD in 2003 to support operations throughout the country. It continues to be useful for transporting groups of PCD officials to conduct counternarcotics operations around the country.

A Ford E 350 15-passenger van was procured for the MPS K-9 facility located at the Juan Santa Maria International Airport in San Jose. Tools were provided for the van. The head of the K-9 unit reported that 15 days prior to the inspection the vehicle was in a minor accident and was being repaired.

In CY-2003, the NAS obtained a Customs Adviser of the Chevrolet Geo Tracker for the MPS K-9 unit for use in moving around the country and providing technical assistance and training to establish a sustainable and effective counternarcotics cargo inspection regime within the Ministry of Public Security (PCD), Ministry of Finance (PCF), and Organization for Judicial Investigations (OIJ) to include their Canine Units. The Customs Adviser departed in August 2004 and his position was not filled. In June 2007, this vehicle was donated to the MPS K-9 Unit to help the unit deploy around the country. The steering system was being repaired at the time of inspection. It is being used for its intended purpose.

Mobile Enforcement Team
Ford Econoline utility truck 1
Econoline 15-passenger van 1
motorcycle 2

OIJ
Daihatsu Terios 2

SNGC
Ford F-240 1

PCD
Ford E-150 8-passenger vanF-240 1

MPS K-9
Ford F-350 15-passenger van 1
Chevrolet Geo Tracker 1

Aircraft

In 2008, post donated a Piper PAS-34 Seneca II aircraft to the Ministry of Public Security’s Air Surveillance Section (SVA). This is a fixed wing aircraft used for transportation of official government members, surveillance and as an air ambulance. The Head of the SVA reported that this aircraft has not been used in about six months due to some mechanical problems. The Ministry of Public Security has allocated funds for the repair costs on the engine and the propellers.

Air Surveillance Section
Piper PAS-34 Seneca II 1

Communications Equipment

In 2008, the NAS provided a 5 XTS4250, 2 XTL 5000 Motorola radios, 12 Furono GP37 CGPS/WAAS Navigato, 5 GPSMAP 76CSX, 5 Garmin cigarette lighter adopters and 5 Garmin Marine Mount.

Canine Units

In CY-2003, post contracted with CSI International for five narcotics detection dogs with a one-year training and certification package. Of the five original dogs, all have been retired or died with only one still active, but will be retired soon due to spinal problems.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Four complete contraband detector kits or "busters" were donated to the PCD in 2001. Complete kits are deployed with PCD units located at Corredores and the port of Limon. At Penas Blancas, one of the density meters (“buster”) was lost during an inspection; at the Juan Santa Maria International Airport, the equipment has become worn down due to heavy usage. This equipment has proven highly effective in detecting cocaine secreted in hidden compartments, fuel tanks, and tires of tractor-trailers crossing into Costa Rica. All of this equipment has been heavily used and is getting old and worn out. Some parts are moved from one inspection point to another depending on which parts of the kits are in good working condition. The optic fibers are worn out and scan images are blurry. In 2009, two additional CT-30 kits and two Cellebrite UFED Ruggedized Portable Systems were donated; the latter; permits the user to extract data from cell phones and PDAs. In Costa Rica, it will be used for conducting criminal and counternarcotics investigations on narcotraffickers’ cell phones, and gather evidence for use in prosecution. With the Merida initiative, post expects U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBD) to donate another 14 kits.

In 2002-2006, two microcassette recorders, one transcriber, one night vision scope, four Nokia digital cameras, five cell phones and four lines, eight desktop cassette recorders and one piece of specialized transmission/reception equipment was donated to the CSE Prosecution Units in San Jose. Additionally, four Canon digital cameras and eight voice activated recorders were distributed to offices in the other four parts of the country. At the Periz Zeledon office, one DVD is not working properly and is in the process of being repaired. According to a letter dated December 2008 from the Chief Prosecutor’s Office, all the rest of the equipment is functioning properly and is being used of its intended purpose.

In 2002-2003, INL donated eight GPS navigation systems for Air Section Aircraft (SVA) aircraft, two 6-man aviation life rafts with canopies, and parts. The donated GSP navigation systems have been installed in aircrafts and are functioning properly. The life rafts are damaged and cannot be used anymore; they will be removed from the inventory. In 2008, the NAS donated four HGU-56/P helmets, 20 shoulder holsters with double harness with associated accessories, and 23 Nomex flight suits. In 2009, INL provided an Aspen Avionics electronic flight Instrument System that was installed in aircraft number MSP017, one HP 110-125 mini laptop and a Canon D60 digital camera. The equipment is being used for their intended purposes and is kept at SVA Operations Section. This unit maintains a log with the information of the person that will be using the computer and condition in which it was handed over.

In 2003, INL procured two Epson digital cameras, two Sony digital camcorders, three Sony digital cameras, two Panasonic digital camcorders, 10 night vision goggles, five binoculars, 6 double cassette decks, two micro recorders, disguised as cigarette packs, two micro recorders disguised as eyeglass cases, three Sony standard cassette transcribing machines, three Sony microcassette transcribing machines, and two Sony mini DVD camcorders to the OIJ Narcotics Section. One of the Sony digital camcorders was stolen; one of the Sony digital cameras needs to be repaired, and one of the GE remote tape recorders burned out. The heads of the other GE recorders are worn out, but the cost of repair exceeds replacement. Finally, the six double cassette decks proved unsuitable for their original purpose. The OIJ Narcotics Section returned them to its Procurement Office instead of the embassy where they were redistributed among OIJ offices in San Jose and two courts. Otherwise, all this equipment is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2002-2004, post donated the following to the OIJ: 20 remote GE tape recorders, 2 Panasonic 13” monitors, 2 Epson digital cameras, 2 Sony digital camcorders, 3 Sony Digital cameras, 2 Panasonic Digital camcorders, 4 standard, cassette transcribers and dictator, 6 Sony radio cassette recorders, 2 voice activated recorders, 6 double cassette decks, 2 micro recorders disguised as cigarette packs, 2 micro recorders disguised as eyeglass cases, six double cassette decks, one card with 24 ports for Hicom 350 communication system, eight telephones, 15 folding police batons, 39 GE cassette recorders, 15 GE mini cassette recorders, two parabolic microphone handheld units and reflectors, one Epson projector, six Sony radio cassette recorders, two Black & Decker cordless drills, four SME L400II modified cassette recorders, two MiniDV Sony camcorders, 20 remote GE tape recorders, four standard cassette transcribers and dictator, and two voice activated recorders.

During post’s inspection, post discovered that the microcassette transcribing machine was not in use due to MPS’ limited funding for cassette tape. Post reported that one of the Panasonic Digital camcorders was lost after an operation. Otherwise, all equipment is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2003, and 2004, the NAS provided security ink and stamps along with appropriate security lockers. The GOCR intended to purchase additional ink and stamps to supply all ports of entry around the country; although it was not until 2007 that they were finally used. The ink stamps were replaced in 2009 by an electronic stamp at the Juan Santa Maria International airport in San Jose and at the Golfito Port of entry.

Surveillance Equipment

In 2003-2006, the NAS funded procured equipment to provide video and audio surveillance for PCD operations. This equipment was highly versatile, essential for officer/agent safety, and has been used for documentation of undercover narcotics purchases, providing valuable documentary evidence used in criminal judicial proceedings. However, some of this equipment, i.e. the Nokia cell phone audio transmitter, is outdated and easily recognized during operations and requests an oversize shirt for PCD’s officials. All of this equipment is well maintained and is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2007, the NAS provided a Pelco Spectra Dome Security Surveillance B&W camera that was installed at the DIS main building. INL also donated a rapid eye LT Recorder video Unit, three wall mounts for the spectramini smoked dome, three spectra, three power source for Domos, one 17 inch monitor, one Dome control, three video for UTP cable use and three spectra III UTP video Modules. This equipment will be installed at the Immigration Cubicles at the Juan Santa Maria airport once some new construction is completed. They report that part of the equipment has been temporally installed at the DIS building. In 2008, eight python Level IIIA ballistics vests were donated to the DIS. All of the equipment is operational and kept at the DIS facility.

Program Impact

In 2009, Costa Rican authorities seized 20.6 metric tons (MT) of cocaine, of which 13.8 MT were seized on land or air and 6.8 MT were seized in national and/or joint maritime interdiction operations with U.S. law enforcement. The GOCR also seized 206,760 doses of crack cocaine, 10 kg of heroin, nearly 900 kilograms of processed marijuana, and eradicated nearly 1,700,000 marijuana plants. They also seized 289 doses of ecstasy and 34 kilograms of ephedrine. Additionally, Costa Rican authorities confiscated more than $1.7 million in U.S. and local currency. The national legislature passed new laws on organized crime, anti-terrorist financing and tougher money laundering legislation in 2009. The more than 64,000 drug-related arrests made in 2009 represent a raw increase of 29,000 arrests (or 41 percent higher) over 2008. All of the donations have contributed to these impressive statistics.

Computer Systems

The numerous computer systems donated to the various GOCR agencies have increased interagency cooperation by allowing easier communications and information sharing between agencies. This had led to a more integrated approach to counternarcotics operations and helped address a critical resource shortage.

Surveillance Equipment

Undercover surveillance equipment donated by post INL continues to lead to corroboration of intelligence obtained by the OIJ and the DEA Costa Rica Office. The equipment has also greatly enhanced officer safety.

Construction Project

The Penas Blancas checkpoint construction provided a natural checkpoint on the Pan-American Highway. Because of the Customs agreement between the other Central American nations north of Costa Rica, this border inspection station is the only effective one between Costa Rica and the Mexican border. During a January 2009 visit, the PCD officer said that they captured an “instruction” letter they found on a low-level drug trafficker, which gave detailed instructions on how to best avoid drug detection throughout central America. However, when it came to trying to cross Penas Blancas, the instructions said: “May God go with you”, meaning that the narcotraffickers recognized that Penas Blancas was the toughest land crossing point in Central America for them.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Repair and Maintenance

Maintenance of some equipment and repair of minor structural and drainage problems at Penas Blancas border checkpoint and Quepos Coast Guard continue to be a problem mostly due to lack of resources.

SAN SALVADOR

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Anthony Stapleton, INL country Director, Tel. 503-2501-2430; SansiviriniEE@state.gov.

Inventory System

Inventories of all donated equipment to host government agencies are kept in electronic format, i.e., Word and Excel for both the Government of El Salvador and the INL program records.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Enrique Sansivirini, assistant INL Project Manager, maintains inventory of the INL purchased and donated vehicles and other commodities provided to the Salvadorian Government, drafts equipment inspection reports and conducts field visits to monitor use of project funds and equipment.

Other U.S. Government Agency Assistance

DEA assists the INL program with monitoring the use of resources provided to the National Civilian Police Anti-Narcotics Division (PBC/DAN) and the Special Vetted Unit of the DAN.

Counterpart Agencies

Anti-Narcotics Division of the National Civilian Police (DAN)
Transnational Anti-Gang Unit (TAG)
PNC Forensics Lab (AFIS System)
Directorate General of Prisons (DGCP)
Attorney General’s Office-Financial Investigation Unit (FIU)
Attorney General’s Office-Trafficking in Prison Unit (TIP/FGR)

Receipt

Commodities and equipment are officially transferred to the host government through a letter of donation signed by the INL Director and the head of the recipient institution.

Monitoring Procedures 

On-site Inspections

NAS San Salvador personally inspected ninety-nine percent (99%) of the 1,478 donated items subject to inspection. Post conducted 14 scheduled inspections at seven locations as follows:

03/20/09 - DAN
09/25/09 - DAN
02/13/09 - TAG
05/11/09 - TAG
11/17/09 - TAG
04/30/09 - AFIS
10/15/09 - Forensic Laboratory
06/10/09 - DGCP
07/16/09 - DGCP
12/07/09 - DGCP
01/16/09 - FIU
08/28/09 - FIU
03/16/09 - TIP/FGR
09/01/09 - TIP/FGR

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

INL maintains perpetual contact with recipient institutions to ensure the correct use of donated equipment. Regular interactions with the police, the prison system, and other recipient entities, allow for the informal inspections, queries, and impromptu progress reports. Small amounts of donated equipment located at remote regional offices have not been personally inspected, but rather accounted for by recipient agency’s property management offices.

Post used secondary method of monitoring resource status for less than 5% of items subject to inspection.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Financial Investigative Unit
Toyota Echo 1

Trafficking in Persons Unit
Mitsubishi Mirageo 1

Antinarcotics Division of the National Civilian Police
Chevrolet Blazer 5
Ford E-350 van 3
GMC truck 1
Toyota Tacomo 1
Ford Truck 1
Nissan Patrol 1
Chevrolet Suburban 1
Nissan Altima 1
Chevrolet Blazer Pickup 1
Toyota Corolla 4
Toyota Hilux 2

TAG
Toyota Corolla 1
Ford Explorer 2
Chevrolet Blazer 1
Isuzu pickup twin cab 1
Dodge Durango 4x4 2
Jeep Cherokee 1
Ford Econoline 1

Vessel Inventory

National Civilian Police
Zodiac 1

Uniforms and Field Gear

Fourteen (14) inflatable vests and fourteen (14) ACR strobe lights donated to the Salvadorian Navy are in good condition and being used for the purpose of the donation.

One set of Night Vision Goggles, one photo camera, one video camera and one set of binoculars were donated for surveillance purposes to the Financial Investigation Unit of the PNC. It works in combined investigation processes with the Salvadorian Customs Office. The equipment is in good condition.

Canines

The dogs purchased for the PNC/DAN K-9 unit (11 narcotics detection, 4 bulk currency detection) are at the forefront of anti-narcotics operations in San Salvador. They are in good condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

PNC Anti-Riot Unit - INL San Salvador purchased material to build five (5) barricades that were located on the streets surrounding the U.S. Embassy.

JICC - received fifty-six (56) chairs, one (1) conference table, twenty (20) office lamps, one (1) sofa, one (1) loveseat, one (1) chair, two (2) end tables and one (1) coffee table.

The DAN K-9 Unit - received four (4) digital recorders, four (4) video cameras, twenty-three (23) photo cameras, twenty-six (26) scanners and twenty-six (26) camera tripods.

Anti-Narcotics Division of the Police – INL San Salvador purchased fifty-six chairs, one conference table, and twenty office lamps. The equipment is in good condition and being used for the purpose of the donation.

The laser-tattoo-removal machine is used to assist gang demobilization efforts. It initially functioned poorly but is currently operating at acceptable levels.

The video and digital cameras and fax machines donated to the Police and to the Attorney General’s Office are in excellent condition and are being used for their intended purposes.

JICC - The fifty-six (56) chairs and one conference table donated to the JICC are in good condition and used for the purpose of the donation.

One (1) photocopier, one (1) fax machine and one (1) air conditioner were donated to the Anti-Narcotics Office of the Comalapa International Airport.

Ten (10) bunk beds and six (6) lockers were donated to the K-9 unit.

The Special Group of the Anti-Narcotics Division (GEAN) - was provided three video cameras and six photo cameras for surveillance purposes. Raid jackets were also provided to the DAN officers.

Program Impact

Vehicles

Eleven new vehicles were acquired to increase operational capabilities of PNC’s specialized units that deal with anti narcotics and anti-aging activities. These include the purchase of two new vans equipped to be mobile inspection units in remote areas outside of San Salvador.

Surveillance Equipment

The six video cameras and photographic cameras donated to the Regional Gang Adviser Program will increase operational capabilities to PNC investigators to monitor gang illicit activities in that region. The donation of the binocular and waterproof cameras as well as cell phone chip readers has helped officers of the DAN perform surveillance tasks to monitor activities of gang members under investigations.

The 12 body orifice scanners and 12 non-linear scanners helped deter smuggling of contraband, such as drugs and cell phones inside the prison system.

Computer Equipment

The PNC/DAN computers enable the PNC/DAN to track cases, maintain databases and spreadsheets on operations and seizures and to share information with USG counterparts.

Computers for the PNC school allow the units to track canine health records, maintain control of scheduled rotations and deployments, monitor operating expenses and share information with USG counterparts.

Computers for the PNC/TAG used in connection with INL-provided Analyst Notebook software, allow the PNC/TAG to process operational law enforcement information, to produce summaries and link charts, trace connections among cases, redevelop operational leads, and disseminate information on transnational street gang activity with USG law enforcement counterparts.

Computers for the PNC Forensics Lab will allow the PNC to rapidly compose, process, and disseminate biometric information on criminal suspects.

Computers for the Attorney General FIU allow the FIU to compile, analyze process, achieve, and disseminate information on suspect instances of financial crime. The computers are also used to produce evidentiary packages in support of criminal prosecutions.

Computers for the PNC Benevolence Welfare Unit support the basic office functions of the PNC unit tasked with providing support to the PNC offices and family members of slain PNC officers.

Computers for PREVEE Drug Demand NGO help to produce materials for outreach, collaboration, and other aspects of drug demand reduction for Salvadoran civil society.

Canines

The dogs purchased for the PNC/DAN K-9 unit (11 narcotics detection, four bulk currency detection) are at the forefront of anti-narcotics operations in San Salvador. K-9 teams deployed to Comalapa International Airport, the El Amatillo and La Hachadura border inspection station and the international maritime post at Acajutla have played vital roles in both the legal narcotics and bulk currency seizures. Stemming from routine inspections, they have also been successfully used to get information received via other channels. As such, the PNC/DAN K-9 units must be seen as a primary tool in USG counternarcotics assistance.

Forensic Equipment

The AFIS system represents a potentially huge improvement for forensic investigations, allowing the PNC to build a reliable biometric database that can be accessed in a fast and secure way to search for individual records. The AFIS will also enable U.S. law enforcement agencies to search and match files with Salvadorian counterparts.

Communications Equipment

INL has 50 portable radios and one base unit at Izalco prison. This equipment permits the prison security units to coordinate activities within the facility and to improve security conditions and safety for staff and inmates.

Surveillance Equipment

Donated video and photo cameras have helped TAG officers perform surveillance and monitoring of gang members pursuant to ongoing investigations.

Vessels

The Zodiac boat has increased the DAN’s operational capabilities especially in areas of difficult access such as the Salvadorian coastline and adjacent marshes.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

INL San Salvador is initiating planning with the PNC/DAN to dispose of a Chevrolet Suburban that is out of service.

TEGUCIGALPA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Gregory Morrison: Tel: 504-236-9320 ext. 4394, email: morrisongr@state.gov

Inventory System

To identify and track donated equipment, post enters every item or service into the NAS office Access database, identifying its location, value, recipient, donation date, and full description.

Staff EUM Monitoring Responsibilities

Lourdes Guillen, NAS Training Specialist, is responsible for conducting on-site inspections, communicating with the different recipient agencies to be aware of any problem of achievement, and preparing the EUM report. Cynthia Licona, Admin Assistant, provides support when needed.

Other U.S. Agency Assistance

The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) conducts reviews to verify the condition and use of resources provided to the Vetted unit.

Counterpart Agencies

National Direction of Special Services Investigation (DNSEI)
National Direction of Criminal Investigation (DNIC)
National Direction of Special Preventive Service (DNSEP)
National Direction of Preventive Police (DNPP)
Joint Information Communication Center (CEINCO)
Division Against Abuse Trafficking, and Sexual Exploitation of Internal Affairs (IA)
Organized Crime Unit (OCU)
Human Rights Prosecution Office
Unit for Causes of Foreign Citizens

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

During 2009, twenty (20) scheduled and four (4) unscheduled inspections were performed at 22 counterpart sites. A total of 502 items were subject to inspection. Forty-eight percent (48%) of the donated items were physically inspected. On-site inspections are conducted at different check point locations, border crossings, and police headquarters units to monitor donations.

11/18/2009 - DNSEI facilities
12/11/2009 - DNIC headquarters in Tegucigalpa
12/14/2009 - Community Police Unit of the DNPP in Tegucigalpa
12/15/2009 - CEINCO, Tegucigalpa
01/05/2010 - Organized Crime Unit, Human Rights Prosecutor Office
01/06/2010 - DATESI in Tegucigalpa
01/07/2010 - DNSEI and DNAI headquarters in Tegucigalpa
01/12/2010 - DNSEI Main office in Copan Ruinas
01/13/2010 - Tepemechin check point
01/14/2010 - San Pedro Sula
01/06/2010 - DNSEI headquarters in Tegucigalpa
02/19/2009 - DNSEP prison facility in Juticalpal Olancho
06/12/2009 - ANAPO
11/12/2009 - DNSEP prison facility

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

In places where on-site inspections were not feasible, discussions were held with host government officials to check on the status of INL-funded resources, as in the cases of the DNPP office located at the Bay Islands, DNSEI office at the airport in San Pedro Sula, Guasaule, NGO Foundation United for Life (Fundacion Unidos por la Vida) and with the officer responsible for the communication equipment donated for the National Automated Case Management Information System (NACMIS). Approximately 32 percent (32%) of donated items were monitored using secondary methods.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Border Control/Interdiction Project - Two Chevrolet pickups and one Chevrolet Blazer were donated to DNSEI in 2003; one Chevrolet van in 2004 and one Jeep Cherokee in 2006. All vehicles are located in the headquarters in Tegucigalpa. They are being used to support different units of the police directorate in their regular day to day work. One pickup, the Chevrolet Blazer and the Jeep Cherokee are in fair condition; the Chevrolet van is being repaired and the other pickup has reached its useful life and will be taken out of the inventory. Eight motorcycles were donated in 2004. One was reported stolen since previous reports; four are in Tegucigalpa; one in Pavana; one in Choluteca, and one in Guasaule. Motorcycles are used to support different units of the police directorate, and transport Frontier Police personnel within different checkpoints. Three are in fair condition, three in poor condition and one is being repaired.

DEA Special Vetted Unit Project - Three Ford Ranger pickups and one Chevrolet pickup were donated in 2005. These vehicles have reached their useful life and are being removed from the inventory. They will be disposed as soon as possible. Two Ford Explorers were donated in 2009. They are located in Tegucigalpa. Vehicles are used to carry out monitoring, surveillances, and seizure operations all over the country. One is in excellent condition and the other suffered minor damages in a road accident and will be repaired.

Police Intelligence Project - One Jeep Cherokee was donated in 2005. The vehicle is located in Tegucigalpa. It is used by members of the Polygraph Unit that conduct polygraph tests in different locations nationwide, and by CEINCO to perform missions. The vehicle is in good condition.

Border Control Interdiction (DNSEI)
Pickup 1
Chevrolet Blazer 1
Chevrolet Van 1
Jeep Cherokee 1
Motorcycle 7

Special Vetted Unit
Ford Exployer 2
Chevrolet Pickup 1

Vessels

Four boats donated to the Border Control/Interdiction (DNSEI) in 2003 are irreparable and need to be removed from inventory.

Communications Equipment

National Automated Case Management Information System (NACMIS) - Communication devices were donated in 2006 to the HNP. This equipment includes dual bands; catalyst switches, and patches panels. In order to expand the NACMIS project to remote areas through wireless connectivity, additional communication devices including link servers, subscriber units and communication towers were donated in 2007. This equipment is located in the following cities: Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, Comayagua, Puerto Cortes, Siguatepeque, Choluteca, Copan, La Ceiba, El Progreso, Tela, Danli and Juticalpa. NACMIS is used by different directorates and units of the Ministry of Security and continue to be the main investigative tool to access criminal files, arrest warrants, stolen vehicles and firearms registration. Only authorized personnel can access the NACMIS database which contains over seven million of records. All equipment is functioning well with the exception of the communication tower located in Pavana. It was struck by lightning in 2008.

Border Control/Interdiction - Four long-range portable radios and six short-range portable radios were provided to DNSEI in 2006. Long-range radios were assigned to the Pavana checkpoint and short-range radios to the Guasaule border crossing. Long-range radios are not being used because the company that provides the service never solved a problem with the repeater antenna. Radios assigned to Guasaule are used by Frontier Policemen to communicate amongst themselves and to report smuggling of people and goods that come from Nicaragua, especially through the blind sites. In 2008, DNSEI was provided with six more short-range radios. Four are in Pavana and two in El Amatillo. All radios are in good condition

Administration of Justice Police Assistance Project - Twenty five radios, including antennas and three base consoles were provided to DNSEP. Ten were assigned to the National Penitentiary located in Tamara; ten to the prison in San Pedro Sula, and five to the prison in Juticalpa. Radios are used by the authorities and prison guards to communicate with each other. In Tamara and San Pedro Sula where cell blockers are installed, radios are the only way to maintain communication within locations inside the prison facilities. All radios are in good condition.

In 2006, communications equipment devices (e.g. dual bands, Tripp lutes, catalyst switches, patch panels) were donated to the HNP as part of the National Automated Case Management Information System (NACMIS) project. Phase II of the plan called “interconnectivity of Information/systems-remote Access” began in 2007 and was completed in 2008 with the installation, configuration, and testing of all devices and data transmission equipment that are part of the project expansion. Additional switches and another 13 units of the Department of the Ministry of Security located nationwide were connected. NACMIS is used by different units of the Department of the Ministry of Security and the main investigations to access criminal files, arrest warrants, stolen vehicles, and weapons registration among others.

Four portable radios were provided to the Panama Checkpoint (DNSEI) in 2005. Radios were not working due to flaws in the antenna of the company that provides the service. Six portable radios were provided in 2005 to the Guassaule Border Crossing (DNSEI). Radios were working properly and are being used to coordinate efforts to interdict and report smuggling of goods and people from Nicaragua. Six portable radios were donated to DNSEI in 2008; two were assigned to el Amarillo Border Crossing; and four to the Pavana checkpoint. Of these four, two are not working and the rest are in good condition. They are being used for the police officers on duty during shifts.

Twenty-five radios, including antennas and three base consoles were provided to DNSEP; and were assigned to the National Penitentiary located in Tamaa; ten to the prison in San Pedro Sula, and five to the prison in Juticalpa. All radios are in excellent condition and are used for the prison guards to be in permanent communications within the prisons.

Computer Equipment

Administration of Justice Police Assistance Project - In 2005 thirteen desktop computers and three printers were donated to the Organized Crime Unit (OCU) located in Tegucigalpa. IT equipment is used for administrative work. Two desktops that were damaged by a fire three years ago have been repaired and are in fair condition as are the rest of the computers. One printer is in fair condition, one is being repaired and the other is not working.

The Human Rights Prosecution Office - located in Tegucigalpa received four desktop computers, four printers, and one scanner in 2006. This equipment is used by this office to carry out its administrative work. All desktops, three printers and the scanner are in good condition; one of the three printers is not currently used because of the lack of ink cartridges, and one printer is being repaired.

In 2006, one digital camera, one digital recorder, one fax, and one copy machine were donated to the Unit of Cases for Foreign Nationals at MP in Tegucigalpa. This equipment is used to investigate and document cases where the victim or the suspect is a foreign citizen. Currently, this Unit is not operating due to the USG’s no-contact policy following the June 28, 2009 coup d’etat. The equipment is partially being used by the Office of the Prosecutor for Common Crimes. Equipment is in good condition.

Two desktop computers, two printers, and one scanner were donated to IA in 2006. IT equipment is used to support daily operations of the unit. One computer is in fair condition, the scanner is working properly, but the rest of the equipment was sent to the Minister of Security’s repair shop. Their technicians advise that it would be cheaper to buy new equipment than repair the existing items.

DNIC - received two desktop computers, two printers, one scanner, three internal hard drives, and four Dell modules for Power Edge in 2006; two Dell servers, and one software ISA server in 2008. Equipment is being used to manage data storage more effectively in response to the ever-growing storage demands of information related to the criminal files nationwide. Equipment donated in 2006 is in good condition, and the one donated in 2008 is in excellent condition.

Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Project - The TIP Unit of DNSEI was provided with fifteen desktop computers, four laptops, fifteen printers, four scanners, three copy machines, and six digital cameras in 2005; four printers in 2006; four wireless cards, and one wireless router in 2007; one handycam camcorder and two digital cameras in 2008. Equipment is used to carry out administrative functions, interview and document TIP cases and foreign suspects, especially Colombians and Ecuadorians who use the country as a bridge to illegally reach the United States. The status of the equipment donated in 2005 shows that one monitor, two laptops and two scanners are missing; one desktop, two scanners and one copy machine do not work; one laptop and digital cameras are in poor condition; one laptop and two copy machines are in good condition; all printers that last year were reported as no longer functioning were sent to the office of Material Resources of the DNSEI Directorate for storage. Three printers donated in 2007, were not in place, and one is in good condition. Wireless cards and router donated in 2007 are currently not in use because DNSEI does not have the budget to pay for internet services. Cameras donated in 2008 are in excellent condition.

DATESI - received in 2006 two desktop computers, one laptop, one scanner, one handycam, one copy machine, one sound amplification system, one projection screen and one binder machine. Equipment is used for administrative functions and training of policemen, children and different members of the community in areas related to sexual exploitation of minors, domestic violence, and drugs, among others. One desktop computer is in fair condition, and the other is damaged due to power fluctuations; the rest of the equipment is in good condition.

The Preventive Police Office - located in the Bay Islands, received two digital cameras and one handycam camera in 2008. According to the current authorities of this office all three cameras are missing (Note: Many regional offices and headquarters were staffed since the June 2009 coup by temporary, and/or lower-ranking personnel due to large-scale reassignments of police to Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula for crowd control and other duties associated with the political crisis and opposition to the coup).

Border Control/Interdiction Project - Border crossing and check point located at the southern region received one laptop, three desktops, and two printers in 2006. One desktop and one printer are located in Guasaule, the laptop was sent to Tegucigalpa for repair but was never fixed, and the rest of the equipment is in Pavana. Three desktops, one laptop, and two laptop batteries were donated in 2007. Two desktops are in the regional headquarter in Choluteca, one desktop in El Amatillo, and the laptop is missing. One camcorder, two digital media recorders and four laptop batteries were donated in 2008. All this equipment is in Choluteca. Equipment is used to conduct road operations, keep records and verify information for better control of vehicles and people passing through border crossings and checkpoints. IT equipment is in fair condition, and the status of the camcorder and the digital media recorders is good.

Border crossings, and checkpoints located at the northwestern region received two laptops, five desktops, seven printers, nine handycams, nine digital cameras, two digital media recorders, and three binoculars in 2008. One laptop, one handycam, one digital camera and one pair of binoculars are in the DNSEI office located in Copan Ruinas; one desktop, one printer, one handycam, one digital camera and one pair of binoculars are in the checkpoint of Tepemechin, Department of Copan; one laptop, one desktop, one printer, one handycam and one digital camera are in Ocotepeque; one desktop, one printer and one handycam are in the checkpoint of Ceibita located in the northwestern main road; one desktop, one printer and one digital camera are in Corinto border crossing with Guatemala; three handycams and three digitals cameras are at the DNSEI headquarters in San Pedro Sula and are being used by the anti-kidnapping unit; one desktop, one printer and one digital camera are at the San Pedro Sula International Airport, and one digital camera is at the headquarters in Tegucigalpa because it was apparently lost, but then found by a citizen who returned it. Two handycams, one pair of binoculars and two digital media recorders are missing. Equipment is used for border control, road and interdiction operations, monitoring and surveillance and documenting cases for court evidence. Equipment located at the airport in San Pedro Sula is not working. The rest of the IT equipment and cameras are in good condition.

Police Intelligence/Communication Project - The Polygraph Unit was provided with three MP3 players, four laptops with OEM software, two printers, one fax, and one scanner in 2006. In 2008, this Unit received four laptops. Equipment is used to conduct polygraph tests at the request of different units of the HNP and from some USG law enforcement agencies. Laptops donated in 2006 are in poor condition, laptops donated in 2008 are in excellent condition. The rest of the equipment is working properly. CEINCO received two voice recorders, two camcorders, one digital camera, and three memory drives in 2006; two laptops, iBase Designer software, Analyst’s Notebook, one tower server, three digital cameras, one multimedia projector, one projection screen, and one DVD in 2007. Equipment is used to collect and analyze information related to organized crime, specially drug trafficking. One camcorder, the digital camera and the two laptops are in poor condition, the tower server is in excellent condition, and the rest of the equipment is in good condition.

Combined Operation Project - Four desktop computers, four printers, four scanners, four digital cameras, and one router were provided to a Joint Task Force of the HNP in 2008. This task force is comprised of members of CEINCO, DNSEI, DNIC and INTERPOL. It is located at the Toncontin International Airport. Equipment is used to monitor suspect passengers, conduct interviews, create files and prepare reports of deportees who have arrest warrants. Equipment is in excellent condition.

DEA Special Vetted Unit Project - Three video cameras and three digital cameras were provided to the DEA Vetted Unit in 2009. This equipment is used to perform sensitive undercover assignments. Cameras are in excellent condition.

Anti-Gang Project - Three laptops, three handycams, three digital cameras and three multimedia projectors were donated to the Community Policing Unit of the DNPP in 2009. One laptop is in Choloma, Cortes, and the rest of the equipment is in Tegucigalpa. It is used to conduct anti-gang prevention training throughout the country. Equipment is in excellent condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

One A/C mini split unit, one water dispenser and 30 school desks were given to the National Police Academy in 2005. The Academy is located in Tegucigalpa. These items were donated to furnish a classroom used by the NAO to conduct trainings. Items are in good condition.

DEA still maintains possession of an ion scanner (Single Mode Detection System) transferred to this agency in 2007. Device has not been repaired.

A metal detector, two water pumps and forty pairs of tactical gloves were donated to DNSEP in 2008. Metal detector and one water pump are located in the Juticalpa Prison. The metal detector is used for inspection of visitors and the water pump provides water to the entire prison. Both devices are in excellent condition. The other water pump was installed at the San Pedro Sula prison and it is in good condition. In 2009, two air conditioners and forty stab vests were provided to DNSEP. Air conditioners were installed at the prison in San Pedro Sula, one in the medical unit and the other in the guards’ barracks. Both A/C units are working properly. Post could not verify the status of the stab vests.

Two semi-executive desks and six visitor chairs were donated to DNSEI in 2008. Furniture is located at El Amatillo and is in good condition.

One A/C was installed at the NGO United for Life (Unidos Por la Vida) in San Pedro Sula in 2009. The A/C is being used for the administrative office and classroom space. It is in good condition.

Status-Services 

Construction Projects

The vehicle inspection ramp built at the Pavana checkpoint in 2007 is being used by the Frontier Police to thoroughly inspect the undercarriage of the vehicles. The ramp is in good condition.

Demand Reduction Services

Combat TIP - Catholic Relief Services (CRS) completed the execution of an 18-month project financed by NAO to raise awareness about human trafficking in key border and urban areas of Honduras.

Gang Prevention - Through a grant awarded to three NGOs, a program of personal development of youth at risk, promoting academic tutoring and ethical values are being implemented in five neighborhoods in Tegucigalpa.

Other Professional Services

A Regional Corrections Advisor (RCA) was hired in 2009 to assist the Government of Honduras to achieve its goals of reforming the prison system, to provide a safe, secure, and humane environment for offenders that support the continued development of rule of law in Honduras.

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

Communication equipment for the NACMIS project enables nationwide, real-time police information-sharing. This allows the police to carry out quick arrests of people who have arrest warrants, recovery of stolen vehicles, and verification of permits to carry firearms.

Computer Equipment

With computers and other equipment donated to CEINCO and its Polygraph Unit it was possible to conduct 450 polygraph tests on members of the HNP and applicants to the National Police Academy in 2009. Some of these tests were conducted per request of USG law enforcement agencies, and have been very important in the selection of members of the ICE Vetted Unit.

The equipment provided to the Joint Task Force located at Toncontin International Airport has been extremely helpful in verifying arrest warrants of 56 deportees during 2009; one person was arrested for trying to board a plane carrying an unloaded gun.

The servers provided to DNIC improved the management database, increasing the storage capacity of the system, which otherwise would have collapsed. A ballistic registry was created, containing fingerprints, photograph of the owner and the firearm.

Due to the information available on the NACMIS database, during road operations conducted at different checkpoints and border crossings, HNP detected and arrested people with outstanding homicide arrest warrants, seized two AK-47 rifles hidden in a false compartment of a vehicle and recovered many vehicles that had been stolen in the United States, Mexico and Guatemala.

In 2009, DATESI conducted training sessions in 13 of the 18 departments of Honduras, training 1,500 people against abuse, trafficking, and sexual exploitation.

Construction Projects

Use of the vehicle inspection ramp located in Pavana resulted in seizures of 34,000 pills of pseudoephedrine hidden under a truck’s trap door and 139 endangered birds and 3 monkeys hidden in the floor of a commercial truck.

Vehicles

The Vetted Unit vehicles were used in surveillance and monitoring of people, which helped collect intelligence information, resulting in the arrest of one member of a Mexican narcotrafficking cartel.

Demand Reduction Services

The CRS project provided awareness training to 2,000 persons of frontier zones and important cities of the country such as Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula,

Choluteca, Danlí and Puerto Cortes, on the risks of human trafficking, but also on how to promote awareness with other persons on these risks. For the campaign on awareness, multiple informative materials were produced: 3,000 posters, 4,000 brochures, 5,000 bulletins and 20 board games to promote awareness of human trafficking.

Four hundred fifty three children and youth at risk are benefitting from new educational, cultural and artistic opportunities and are receiving social-emotional assistance.

Professional Services

The RCA support has been crucial in the design of the first high-security administrative segregation prison facility in Honduras, which is 87 percent complete. RCA began to develop a training plan for the prison.

 Miscellaneous

With NAO support, the Office of Technical Assistance of the U.S Department of the Treasury conducted a one-week Financial Investigation Training course for 27 police officers and prosecutors at the furnished classroom located at the National Police Academy.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Unmonitored resources

Some of the communication equipment provided for the NACMIS Project was not monitored through on-site inspections because it is spread throughout several cities and in some cases located in remote areas away from vehicular access. Due to this situation, the NAO maintains close and permanent communication with the counterpart HNP officer responsible for the operation of this equipment.

During on-site inspections conducted to DNSEI headquarters in Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula and Pavana check point in Choluteca, three laptops, one monitor, two scanners, three printers, two handycams, one pair of binoculars and two digital media recorders were discovered missing. This situation was reported to the National Director of DNSEI who has given instructions to conduct, as soon as possible, inspections to locate the missing equipment.

Using secondary methods of monitoring resources, Post found that cameras donated to the Preventive Police office in the Bay Islands are missing. NAO discussed this situation with the current authorities of this office, who stated they had no knowledge of the existence of the cameras. Copy of the official donation letter was sent to the Director who will try to locate the cameras.

RCA tried several times to inspect the stab vests donated to DNSEP, but with no positive response from the prison’s authorities. RCA will follow up.

Equipment that is being repaired could not be inspected because is not on the counterpart sites.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

Even though HNP has repair shops for vehicle and IT equipment, the lack of resources continues to be a major problem. Spare parts for US made vehicles are expensive and difficult to find. NAO will consider for future vehicle donations, the possibility of buying non-US made vehicles. Representatives in the field express their concern about the time that it takes to get back the IT equipment that is sent for repair and for the lack of a budget to replace ink cartridges for the printers. NAO needs to ensure that counterpart agencies make proper budgeting decisions to maintain the donations.

During the on-site inspection to the Pavana check point, it was noticed that the communication tower has not been repaired since it was struck by lightning in 2008. The NAO informed the National Director of the DNSEI, who responded he was not aware of this situation, and gave DNSEI personnel immediate instructions to repair the tower.

Lack of Use of Commodities

During the second half of 2009, the GOH did not effectively utilize some of the donated resources because its law enforcement agencies focused more efforts on the political crisis, instead of fighting organized crime and common crime.

Disposal of Commodities

DEA has agreed that in the next GSO auction, NAO should dispose of those Vetted Unit vehicles that are irreparable. NAO will talk with counterpart authorities to conduct the same action for those commodities that have reached their useful life such as IT equipment and cameras.


VANCOUVER

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Christopher Fancher, Tel. 604-694-6526; fanchercm@state.gov

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Political/Economic Chief

Other U.S. Agency Assistance

ICE

Counterpart Agencies

Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

No on-site inspections were done due to staffing shortages and undercover use of the equipment.

Other Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

ICE holds periodic discussions with RCMP regarding the use and condition of the vessel.

Status-Commodities

A MKII Twin Diesel vessel was obtained by ICE through forfeiture and given to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) in 2002. It is moored in Vancouver, British Colombia, Canada. It is used for undercover narcotics interdiction efforts. RCMP maintains the vessel in excellent condition.

Program Impact

In 2009, the vessel had a positive impact on the INL program through its use in undercover operations.



Back to Top
Sign-in

Do you already have an account on one of these sites? Click the logo to sign in and create your own customized State Department page. Want to learn more? Check out our FAQ!

OpenID is a service that allows you to sign in to many different websites using a single identity. Find out more about OpenID and how to get an OpenID-enabled account.