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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

2009 End-Use Monitoring Report: East Asia and the Pacific


Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 1, 2010

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BANGKOK

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Scott L. Rolston, tel: 662-205-5504; rolstonsl@state.gov

Inventory System

In July 2009, TCAS/Bangkok launched a new bar code reader system for its EUM inventory, but still kept the Access system as backup for tracking resources provided to RTG agencies.

Staff Member Responsibilities

The following post personnel assist in the RTG End Use Monitoring process: Paleerat Srisartsanarat, Program Specialist, Koranis Somroop, Procurement Agent, Siritasana Varangoon, Program Assistant.

For ILEA, the Program Coordinator is Alfred Czerski. The Program Management Assistant is Sasiwan Greensfelder.

For SIU, the Program Coordinator is Brian Lee. The Assistant Program Coordinator is Wanda Menefee; the Program Management Assistant is Prapaporn Pookpanich; the Administrative Clerk is Chelisa Sirimahan.

Other USG Agency Assistance

DEA/SIU
ILEA

Counterpart Agencies

Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency (TICA)
Office of the Narcotics Control Board (ONCB)
Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau (PNSB)
Office of Attorney General (OAG)
Child Rights Center
Royal Thai Navy (RTN)
Royal Thai Army (RTA)
Department of Special Investigations (DSI)

Receipt

The NAS has provided the MOU’s and commodities receiving reports signed by the TCAS staff and the appropriate Royal Thai Agency.

Monitoring Procedures

The EUM procedures developed in Thailand over the years are based on inventory and accountability procedures for commodities of the recipient RTG agencies. These are verified by EU site visits by TCA's staff, in conjunction with representatives of the recipient agencies. For this EUM period TCA's representatives made on-site inspections and found RTG inventory and accountability procedures to be adequate. Records generally appeared up to date and accurately maintained. During August and September 2009, TGA's staff inspected commodities in the Bangkok metropolitan area. The regional areas were inspected during September and October, 2009. The inspection for the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) and the Sensitive Investigation Units (SIU) are also included.

On-site Inspections

There were 13 on-site inspections conducted at 49 locations in 7 cities.

08/31/2009 - Office of Narcotics Control Board, Ministry of Justice, Bangkok
08/24/2009 - Special Investigative Unit
08/27/2009 - Special Investigative Unit
08/03/2009 - Special Investigative Unit
08/03/2009 - Special Investigative Unit
08/04/2009 - Special Investigative Unit
08/06/2009 - Special Investigative Unit
12/09/2009 - Special Investigative Unit
01/20/2010 - Special Investigative Unit
12/14/2009 - Special Investigative Unit
12/15/2009 - Special Investigative Unit
12/17/2009 - Special Investigative Unit
12/23/2009 - Special Investigative Unit
09/08/2009 - Thailand International Cooperation Agency, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
09/09/2009 - Fight Against Child Exploration (FACE)
09/10/2009 - Center for the Protection of Children’s Rights Foundation (CPCR)
09/10/2009 - Royal Thai Navy (RTN), Bangkok
09/11/2009 - Police Narcotics SuppressionBureau (PNSB), Royal Thai Police
09/14/2009 - Office of the Attorney General, Bangkok
09/24/2009 - Office of Attorney General, Bangkok
09/15/2009 - Department of Special Investigation (DSI)
09/15/2009 - Intellectual Property Rights Suppression Unit, Royal Thai Police, Bangkok
09/21/2009 - Royal Project Foundation, Highland Research and Development Institute, Chiang Mai University
09/21/2009 - Rachamongkol Technology Institute
09/21/2009 - RTA/Special Command Office of Destruction of Opium Plantation
09/21/2009 - Child Rights Center
09/21/2009 - ONCB/Narcotics Control Office Region 5
09/21/2009 - ONCB/CROP survey and Monitoring Institute
09/21/2009 - Trafficking in Persons, Northern Region Immigration Center
09/21/2009 - New Life Center foundation in Chiang Mai
09/25/2009 - 3rd Royal Thai Army ONCB/Narcotics Control Office Region 6 Phitsauloke (FACE)
10/05/2009 - ONCB/Narcotics Control Office Region 8 in Surat Thani
10/05/2009 - ONCB/Narcotics Control Office Region 9 in Songkhla
10/09/2009 - ONCB/Narcotics Control Office Region 4 Khon Kaen and ONCB/Narcotics Control

The total number of items subject to inspection was 786. The percentage inspected was 94%. Of the SIU items 100% of 588 items were monitored.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource status

During routine visits to the units and during operations, DEA Agents observe inventory items in use by the SIU members.

Status-Commodities

Aircraft

Eight Bell Helicopters were provided to the Police Aviation Division in 1974 to be used in support of Drug Suppression Operations. All are in poor to inoperable condition. The five that still fly have mechanical problems and are supported by cannibalizing the others for parts. Navigation and other systems are inadequate. It is doubtful that these helicopters will continue to be in service much longer.

Police Aviation Division
Helicopter 205A-1 6
Helicopter 206L 2

Vehicles

All vehicles are maintained by the host country. One van and five motorcycles need
replacing.

Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau (PNSB)
Toyota sedan 12
Nissan sedan 1
Toyota Land Cruiser 1
Toyota Van 1
Pickup trucks 7
Motorcycle 5

Office of Narcotics Control Board (ONCB)
Toyota sedans 2
Toyota van 5
Mazda sedan 2
Ford sedan 2

Fight Against Child Exploration (FACE)
Toyota Sedan 1

Royal Thai Army
Toyota Van 1
Isuzu 9

Department of Special Investigation (DSI)
Toyota van 1
Motorcycle 1

Royal Project Foundation
Toyota sedan 1
Toyota Van 1
Pickup truck 2

Chang Mai University
Toyota pickup truck 3

Sensitive Investigative Unit
Toyota sedans 13
Honda sedans 2
Toyota Pickup truck 23
SUV 3
Toyota vans 4
Motorcycles 27

ILEA
Toyota sedan 4

Computer Equipment

170 PC’s and Notebooks, 63 printers, 24 UPS’, 20 software/servers, and 19 scanners were procured for RTG agencies.

Forty-six (46) printers, 3 scanners, 118 PC’s 35 notebooks, 11 PC’s were provided to ILEA.

Ninety-five (95) PC’s, 65 monitors, 21 notebooks, 12 servers, and 41 adapter transcribers were provided to the SIU.

Communications Equipment

One answering machine, one base station, two cellular phones, 16 fax machines, 39 mobile phones, 4 video conferring equipment were provide to RTG agencies.

Thirty-eight (38) cellular telephones, four hand radios were provided to ILEA.

Nine faxes, 85 VHF handheld radios, 13 car radios, 6 GPS’ 23 cellular phones, 10 satellite phones, 1 digital recorder were provided to the SIU.

Laboratory Equipment

One microscope, three spectrometers, one universal oven were provided to RTG agencies.

Uniforms and Field Gear

Five NVG’s, six rifle scopes, 7 ballistic shields, were provided to the Sensitive Investigative Unit.

Miscellaneous Equipment

A laminating machine, 2 LCD projectors, 3 microsette tape recorders, one microwave oven, three air conditioners, three amplifiers, one CCD color camera, one CD play for vehicles were provide to the RTG agencies.

Eight digital cameras and three color televisions and LCD projectors and 891 desk/cabinets, 126 air conditioners, 122 refrigerators were provided to ILEA.

Four amplifiers, 11 cameras, 12 digital cameras, 20 digital video cameras, 2 televisions and 3 mini DVD’s were provided to the SIU.

Vessels

One fiberglass patrol boat was provided to the Marine Police, Mong Khai in 2007. It is still in good condition and well maintained. Of the fourteen speed boats provided to the Border Liaison Office (BLO) in the northwest region in 2005 and 2008 for Thai-Lao joint patrol operations along the Mekong River, TCAS found that two boats are in very poor condition. The remaining 12 boats are mentioned under Problems and Correction Action Plan (CAP).

Marine Police
Patrol Boat 1

Border Liaison Office
Speed boat 14


Status-Services

Demand Reduction Services

In calendar year 2009, TGA’s Bangkok supported the training/ seminar mission of the faculty of agriculture, Chiang Mai University (CMU), having 120 participants, and the Office of the Narcotics Control Board (ONCB), having 350 participants. The purpose of CMU’s training programs is to reduce narcotic crop cultivation in highland areas by providing training to highland extension agents, hill tribe farmers and young hill tribe farmers. The purpose of ONCB’s seminar on the epidemic of drugs in Thailand is to develop and connect global research networks on substance abuse.

Other Professional Services

In 2009, TCA's Bangkok funded and administered 49 training events in law enforcement, forensic science, criminal justice, money laundering and IPR.

Law Enforcement - 18 training events for a total of 2,519 participants, Royal Thai police officers working in the three southernmost (insurgent) provinces, as well as police from other regions of Thailand. Training subjects included crime scene investigation, community policing, instructor development, crisis management, post blast investigation, interview and interrogation, aml, ieds, the law enforcement response to terrorism, humane crowd control, and swat. Instructors were from ICITAP, ATF, Washington State Government, Tacoma Police department, IRS and FBI.

Forensic Science - There were two forensic training events on bomb blast chemical analysis, given to 44 participants, and three invitational travel events for RTG officials to attend the following: (1) the 61 staff meeting at Denver, Colorado, (2) a study visit for increasing the efficiency of the judiciary through modern technology in the courtroom (Washington DC and Williamsburg, Virginia), and (3) a senior mission leader course in Tokyo, Japan.

Criminal Justice - The intermittent legal advisor (ILA) and resident legal advisor (RLA) from OPDAT/DOJ provided 13 training events and presentations on criminal justice issues to executives and senior judges of the Thai Judiciary, as well as to prosecutors from office of the Attorney General. Total participants: 851. Among the judicial events: in February 2009, TCA's Bangkok invited a senior American federal judge to give presentations on terrorism cases, as well as to present on pre-trial and trial stages of judicial proceedings at a Thai-hosted UNDOC conference. In addition, the American judge conducted capacity-building events for prosecutors (about 164 participants), and lectured about 1200 new Thai lawyers on ethics in the criminal justice system. In November 2009, TCA's brought three more federal judges to give presentations on the role of the judiciary, cooperating defendants, and sentencing guidelines.

Money laundering - One training event on complex financial investigations (total participants: 55). The instructors were from the IRS.

IPR- The OPDAT resident legal advisor offered a presentation on cybercrime for the office of the attorney general. total participants: 60.

ILEA - In calendar year 2009, ILEA Bangkok conducted regional and bi-lateral training programs. The participating countries included: Brunei, Cambodia, the Peoples’ Republic of China (China), Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor Leste, Vietnam, and two special administrative areas of China (Hong Kong and Macao). Singapore, Brunei and Hong Kong are self-funded participants. Some training programs were conducted for Thailand only participants. These programs included training in basic police skills and specialized courses in post blast investigations, clandestine laboratory safety, crime scene management, personal and physical plant security, narcotics unit commander training, small arms smuggling and explosives identification. ILEA also hosted demand reduction training provided by the Colombo plan (1,531 participants).

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

The equipment enhances day-to-day operational communications between SIU officers and DEA agents.

Vehicles

The vehicles enhance SIU member’s ability to perform their duties. They are used for basic transportation needs and surveillance of targets.

Surveillance Equipment

Digital recorder, field telephones, night vision, digital cameras, handheld radios, and vehicles are used for conducting electronic surveillance.

ILEA

USG procurement of commodities has supported ILEAS program goals to improve regional capabilities in anti-narcotics law enforcement and management post blast investigations, crime scene management, counter-terrorism, intelligence collection and analysis, arson investigation, port/border security, intellectual property rights and trafficking in persons.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Unmonitored Resources

Some equipment was in the field or in the shop for repair and could not be inventoried.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

RTP has financial responsibility for the repair and maintenance of the commodities.

Lack of Use and Misuse of Commodities

Once an item reaches the end of its useful life, RTP and ONCB agree with SIU to properly document their disposal. Some items provided to the users over five years were damaged and disposed of by the users. Proper documentation of this has been furnished to TCA’s and these items will be removed from inventory. The items are deleted from the SIU inventory once a formal notification document is received from the RTP and ONCP.

This year, desktop computers were replaced and the operating system was updated. ILEA has been funded to replace software that is in need of updating in 2010, including the inventory software, which is now incompatible with the new operating system (a priority). A full inventory will be conducted by September 2010 to insure the inventory is accurate after the new software is purchased and installed. The ILEA is approaching its eleventh year of operation, and more of the originally procured items are in need of disposal or replacement. The items found to be inoperable during this inventory will be removed from inventory and disposed of in accordance with regulations. Most of the computers were replaced late in 2009, and several vehicle replacements have also been funded.


JAKARTA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Gerald Heuett, DOJ/ICITAP Senior Law Enforcement Advisor, Tel: 6221 3435 9611; HeuettGH@state.gov

Inventory System

ICITAP Jakarta’s inventory system consists of spreadsheet lists of all commodities donated to the Indonesian National Police (INP). Site visits are documented on yearly renewals of Memorandums of Understanding (MOU) with the INP and impromptu inspections. Reports from both the Forensics and Prot and Border Security Programs are submitted to the EUM program coordinator who inputs the inspection reports in to a consolidated ICITAP Jakarta EUM report.

The INP documents the distribution or redistribution of commodities to other cities of the country or other units through written correspondence. In the case of services, ICITAP maintains attendance lists and logistics information of any training provided to monitor these services.

Staff Member Responsibilities

End Use monitoring reporting is the responsibility of the full time EUM program coordinator in cooperation with the procurement staff to ensure on-site inspections are carried out.

Counterpart Agencies

Indonesian National Police (INP)

The INP cooperated extensively in the End Use Monitoring process by providing access to their facilities so ICITAP Technical Advisors and Program Staff could view their own inventory to help compare it with INL’s inventory list. The INP was very helpful in making the on-site inspections a quick and easy process by having all assets accounted for and on-site whenever requested.

Receipt

Access software and Word documents with a specific listing of the items donated with serial numbers and/or vehicles motor numbers, signed by ICITAP, and by the recipient’s representative were used to document the provision of the items provided to the INP.

On-Site Inspections

Sixteen (16) on-site inspections were performed as follows:

06/16/2009 - Bangka Belitung Provincial Police
07/03/2009 - Riau Provincial Police
07/17/2009 - East Kalimann Provincial Police
08/18/2009 - Forensics Lab National Police Headquarters
08/28/2009 - East Kalimantan Provincial Eampung Provincial Police
09/03/2009 - Forensics Lab Palembang
09/11/2009 - North Sulawesi Provincial Police
11/17/2009 - National Police Commission
11/19/2009 - North Sulawesi Provincial Police
11/19/2009 - Personnel Development Bureau
11/23/2009 - Cyber Crime Unit
11/24/2009 - Organizational Administration Unit
11/30/2009 - Forensics Lab Surabaya
11/30/2009 - Telecommunication Division
12/02/2009 - Logistics and Material Bureau
12/05/2009 - North Sumatra Regional Police HQ

Sixty-one percent (61%) of the donated items were monitored.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Through comparison of records and discussions with police officials another 5% of donated items were monitored. About 20% of all INL-donated items were monitored and accounted for in 2008 by secondary methods.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

One hundred eighty-one (181) equipment packages, including CPU, UPS backup batteries, monitors, and printers were donated to the Indonesian National Police (INP). This equipment is used by the INP to write, print, file, share and exchange data and information regarding corruption, money laundering, Trafficking-in- Persons, narcotics interdiction and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. One hundred and seventy-seven (177) are in good condition and being used in accordance with previously signed agreements. Four computer equipment packages are in poor condition.

Eleven (11) laptop computers are in the Personal Development Bureau of INP National Police Headquarters. Eighteen (18) computer equipment packages are at the INP CID training facility in Mega Mendung, West Java Province. Four are in the Central Sulawesi Provincial Police headquarters; four at in the Maluku Provincial Police headquarters; twenty-eight (28) are in the Aceh Provincial Police headquarters; eleven (11) are assigned to the National Police Forensics Laboratory and five regional labs; one is at the National Police Commission located to INP headquarters; fifteen (15) are located at the INP headquarters; six are at the Metropolitan Jakarta Provincial Police Cyber Crime unit; three are at the East Java Provincial Police Cyber Crime unit; fifty-one (51) are assigned to the INP Marine Police Directorate; one is at the Directorate of downstream chemistry Industry of the Republic of Indonesia; ten to the Planning and Development Bureau, National Police Headquarters in Jakarta; nine to the Cyber Crime Unit National Police headquarters in Jakarta; two to the Organizational Management Bureau, National Police headquarters in Jakarta; four to the Central Sulawesi Provincial Police headquarters; seven to the Maluku Provincial Police Headquarters; six to the Planning and Development Headquarters, South Sulawesi Provincial Police headquarters; one to the Education and Training Division of North Sumatra Provincial Police headquarters; two to the Education and Training Division of Aceh Provisional Police headquarters; to the National Police School in the North /Sumatra Province headquarters; four laptops two to the National Police School in the Arch Province; three laptops to the Cyber Crime Division of the Metropolitan Jakarta Provincial Police headquarters; three laptops to the cyber Crime Davison of East Java Provincial Police headquarters; eleven laptops to the Cyber crime unit at INP National Police Headquarters; five laptops to the Special Boat Units of the Marine Police Directorate.; five laptops to the Special Boats Unit of the Marine Police Directorate; twenty-eight (28) to the Marine Police Directorate.

The equipment was donated between 2006 and 2008. The equipment is used by the INP to write, print, file, share, and exchange data and information regarding corruption, money laundering, trafficking in people, narcotics interdicting and law enforcement issues with the relevant units and counterparts. All of the equipment is in good condition.

Computer services were donated in 2007as follows: Ten (10) to the INP; two to the Cyber Crime Division of Metropolitan Jakarta Provincial Police headquarters, two to the INP CID training facility in Mega Mendung; one to the INP Cyber Crime Unit at East Provincial headquarters. The equipment is in use at the INP to run the local intranet and all associated accounts. All equipment is in good condition.

Communications Equipment

Thirty (30) portable base radios were donated to the Aceh Provincial Police. The radios are used for communication between officers. The equipment is in good condition.

Fifty (50) portable base radios were donated to the West Java Provincial Police in 2004. They are used for communications between officers. They are in working condition.

Five portable base radios were donated and to the East Java Provincial Police. The radios were donated in 2004 and are used for communication between officers. The equipment is in working condition.

Seventy-seven (77) portable base radios were donated to the Jakarta Provincial Police in 2004. They are in working condition.

Twenty-four (24) portable base radios were donated to the East Sulawesi Provencal Police. They are in working condition.

Fifty (50) portable base radios were donated to the South Sumatra Provincial Police in 2004 and are in working condition.

Fifty (50) portable base radios we donated to the Jogjakarta Provincial Police in 2004 and are in working condition.

Ninety-five (95) portable base radios were donated to the INP Police Academy in 2004 and are in working condition.

Twenty (20) portable base radios were donated to the South Sulawesi Provincial Police in 2004 and are in working condition.

Thirty-five (35) portable base radios we donated to the Banten Provincial Police and are in working condition.

Sixteen (16) portable base radios were donated to the Nusa Tengarah Timur Provincial Police and are in working condition.

Cameras

Ninety-seven (97) cameras and video equipment units were donated to the INP; three cameras and one video camera were donated to the Cyber Crime Unit at East Java Provincial Police in Surabaya. The Cyber Crime unit received two digital cameras and one video camera. One camera was also donated to the education and training bureau of the East Java Provincial Police; five cameras and video equipment units were donated to the Cyber Crime unit at Jakarta Province Police headquarters in Jakarta; seventeen (17) digital cameras were donated to the Provincial Police Forensics Laboratories; six digital cameras and one video cameras were donated to the Cyber Crime division of the INP National Police headquarters, eight digital cameras were donated to the Central Police Forensic Laboratory located at the National Police headquarters in Jakarta; four cameras were donated to the Directorate of Downstream Chemical Industry of the Republic of Indonesia; one video camera was donated to the Organizational Management Bureau of National Police headquarters in Jakarta.

The equipment is used by the INP to take pictures of criminal activities for evidence and investigation. It is in good condition.

Forensics Equipment

Seven (7) Forensics Computer Analysis packages including computers, printers, scanners, digital cameras and compact disk writer, were donated to Forensic Units of the Indonesian National Police (INP). The computer analysis packages are used to train INP investigators on forensics analysis of digital evidence. One is located at the National Police Central Forensics lab in Jakarta. One is located at each of the provincial labs. The equipment is in good condition. The six provincial labs are located in Surabaya, East Java; Semarang, Central Java; Makassar, South Sulawesi; Denpassar, Bali; Medan, North Sumatra; and Palembang, Soputh Sumatra.

Training Equipment

Seven (7) LCD projectors were donated to the Provincial Planning and Development Units of the Indonesian National Police (INP). The projectors are used to present training material and facilitate planning and development projects. The equipment is in good condition.

Twelve Micro-cassette recorders were donated to Provincial Planning and Development Units of the INP. The recorders are used to record and report planning and development projects. The equipment is in good condition.

Eleven (11) overhead projectors were donated to Provincial Planning and Development Units of the INP. The projectors are used to present training material and facilities planning and development projects. The equipment is in good condition.

Vessels

Seventeen boats were donated to the INP Marine Police. One 20-foot utility boat and one 27 foot utility boat were donated in 2006. Fifteen 31 foot full cabin boats were donated to the Indonesian National Police in 2007. Each boat includes a trailer, power package and electronics package. The boats are used by the Marine Police to enforce laws and prosecute suspected transnational crimes in Indonesia Achipelago. The equipment is in good condition.

Indonesian National Police
31 foot safe boat 15
27 foot utility boat 1
20 foot utility boar 1

Vehicles

Four (4) trucks were donated to the Indonesian National Police in 2006. Two of the trucks are used by the police to transport personnel, carry equipment, and patrol. The two Ford F250 trucks are used by the Marine Police to transport dive teams to crime scenes. All vehicles are in good condition.

Four trucks were donated to the West Java Provincial Police in 2002. The trucks are used by the police to transport personnel, carry equipment, and patrol. The trucks are in good condition.

Four trucks were donated to the East Java Provincial Police in 2002. The trucks are used by the police to transport personnel, carry equipment, and patrol. The trucks are in good condition.

Four trucks were donated to the Jakarta Provincial Police in 2002. The trucks are used by the police to transport personnel, carry equipment, and patrol. They are in good condition.

Three trucks were donated to the Education and Training Division of the North Sumatra Provincial Police in 2002. The trucks are used by the police to transport personnel, carry equipment and patrol. The trucks are in good condition.

Three trucks were donated to the Uniformed Division of the Papua Provincial Police in 2002. The trucks are used by the police to transport personnel, carry equipment and patrol. The trucks are in good condition.

Four vehicles were donated to the logistics Division of Aceh Provisional Police in 2006. The trucks are used by the police to transport personnel, carry equipment and patrol. The trucks are in good condition.

Indonesian National Police
Mitsubishi trucks 2
Ford F250 trucks 2

West Java Provincial Police
Mitsubishi trucks 4

East Java Provincial Police
Mitsubishi trucks 4

Jakarta Provincial Police
Mitsubishi trucks 4

North Sumatra Provincial Police
Mitsubishi trucks 3

Papua Provincial Police
Mitsubishi trucks 3

Aceh Provincial Police
Mitsubishi trucks 2
Mitsubishi buss 2


Status-Services

Construction Projects

The Command Control and Communications Project is 70% completed.

Demand Reduction Services

Training of police, prosecutors and judges has resulted in better handling of TIP cases, investigative techniques have been implemented as a direct result of program training. In 2008, a telephone help line was established to assist victims. Port and airport authorities have been trained on anti-tip techniques and legislation. Personnel at the police hospital have been involved in training to update their skills.

Beginning in 2008, use of force involving an injury must be reported in a standard format. INP personnel are currently receiving training on the policy and reporting procedures. Plans for 2010 include, Use of Force training centers in ten locations including police schools, police women’s training center, and the entry level police academy. Training at these centers will include management and leadership skills in addition to the policy and reporting procedures. Socializing and public awareness campaigns are also scheduled for 2010.

In 2010, ten low end entry level police academies will be selected for remodeling at least one classroom. Each of these academies was selected due to the past training record and their specific needs. The remodeling will include such things as modern training equipment, as well as basic classroom comfort items such as air conditioners, proper seating and student tables. It is anticipated that these model classrooms will allow the Indonesian Police to use them as a model when updating the rest of the classrooms. Along with equipment, training programs on the proper use and maintenance of equipment will be offered.

Program Impact

Vehicles

Vehicles provided to the INP have allowed investigators to quickly respond to information. They have facilitated the tactical movement of vessels for the Marine Police and reduced INP response time to critical incidents.

Communications Equipment

Installation of computers, with internet capability and digital storage equipment has upgraded the INP Marine Police capability to communicate with, monitor and control assets. Upon completion in 2010, the Marine Police will be better able to plot patterns of activity to best use their limited resources in detection, prevention and prosecution of trans-national crimes.

Laboratory Equipment

The upgrade of all provincial forensics labs has substantially increased the INP’s capacity to collect, identify and preserve evidence. The addition of an Optical Disk Forensics System at the National Forensics Lab has increased the ability to prosecute cases.

Maritime Support

With substantial support for ICITAP, the INP is more able to proactively patrol Indonesian territorial waters and aggressively deploy their limited assets to respond to tactical information. The Communications, Command and Control initiative has begun training on pattern analysis of data collected for both operational and logistical purposes.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Unmonitored Resources

About 19% of the inventory, including computer equipment, vehicles, and radios are not monitored due to lack of opportunity to remote locations where equipment has been transferred. The addition of a full-time EUM program coordinator will greatly reduce the number of unmonitored commodities beginning in 2010.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

Inspections have revealed a common problem throughout the police. Radios, funded by INL, have begun to corrode due to expose to extreme environmental conditions. Antennae coatings have dried and crumbled leaving the element with no protection. Protective covering on switches has also begun to break away due to exposure to the elements and heat. While the radios continue to function, the shortage of spare parts leaves them vulnerable to moisture contact. Consequently, they are often left at the station during the rainy season.

Disposal of Commodities

Beginning 2010, all commodities, other than vehicles and vessels, older than five years will no longer be reported.

VIENTIANE

EUM Program Coordinator

The Law Enforcement and Narcotics Section (LENS) have one EUM coordinator and four section staff who assist with the EUM monitoring program:

Mike Carroll, Program Manager, 856205528969, carrollmw@state.gov
Souvanh Inthalusa, Program Assistant, 856205520718, souvanhix@state.gov
Hatsadong Chanthavongsa, Program Assistant, 856205509913, hatsadongcx@state.gov
Bounyared Luangraj, Accountant, 85620233345, bounyaredl@state.gov
Chanlasy Phanthalangsy, Administrative Assistant, 856205512157, chanlasypx@state.gov

Inventory System

All commodities procured by LENS Vientiane using INCLE project funds are delivered to using agencies of the Government of Laos (GOL) pursuant to the provisions of the Letters of Agreement between the USG and GOL concluded annually for the Crop Control, Demand Reduction and Law Enforcement Cooperation projects. Delivery is made physically either directly to the recipient GOL agency’s office or location where the commodities will be used, or in the case of several distant provincial locations, to the Vientiane headquarters of the agency. A designated senior official of the recipient agency signs a receipt for the item(s) delivered, which is maintained on file by the LENS. The Laos National Commission for Drug Control and Supervision (LCDC), the primary GOL counterpart agency to the LENS, signs all Purchase Authorizations for INCLE-funded project commodities, is informed of all deliveries of any commodities to any GOL recipient, and maintains a separate record of commodities donated by the USG. Upon delivery, monitored commodities are entered in the LENS EUM inventory, which is maintained by source of project funding and location of commodities, and this inventory is periodically reviewed against the corresponding records maintained by LCDC.

At least once during each calendar year, one LENS or other USG employee physically inspects all commodities at all locations. The LENS employees with primary responsibility for inventory maintenance and physical inspections during CY 2009 were FSN Program Assistants Souvanh Inthalusa, Mrs. Chanlasy Phanthalansy, Bounyared Luangraj, and Hatsadong Chanthavongsa, and the EUM Coordinator for INCLE-funded property and funds was LENS Program Manager Mike Carroll. Inspections include checking agency inventories of commodities and available maintenance or use records, verification of serial or unique identifying number, verification of condition of items, and interview of GOL officials concerning use and impact. (Note: LENS allows reasonable exceptions to one hundred percent physical verification every year for cases such as documented absence of a motorcycle with an official on official travel when an inspection occurs.)

Non-expendable items without unique identifying numbers (i.e. computer disks, office furniture) are verified by inventory number and physical count. Where items are found to be inoperable, using agencies are requested to secure and provide estimates for costs of repair. When repair cost would exceed the cost of a comparable new item, LENS completes a report of survey to document the circumstance, and the item is deleted from inventory. When residual value justifies it, commodities physically located in or near Vientiane are recovered and delivered by NAS to post GSO for excess property auction. There were no such procedures undertaken during 2009. When an item is determined to have no reasonable residual value, or when the item is in a location so physically remote that shipment to the capital is not economically feasible, the using agency is informed by letter that the item should be disposed of as junk. In 2008, post processed a number of old and unusable equipment as reported in the 2008 EUM. No items were formally “junked” during 2009 but we plan to do so in 2010. When items are reported lost, stolen, disappeared or destroyed, the using agency is requested to provide a written report of the pertinent circumstances, including a statement of whether any individual has been determined to have been the primary agent of the loss or destruction and if so, what disciplinary action was taken. Upon receipt of such a report, LENS deletes the item from inventory. There were no such occurrences during 2009. In all instances, LCDC is informed of deletions of items from inventory.

Property procured by LENS with PD&S funds for its own use is separately identified on the inventory of USG-owned property maintained by the post GSO, and is used, serviced and regularly inventoried by GSO under ICASS with all other USG property at post. This EUM has used the Vientiane GSO definition of useable life of a vehicle and light motorcycle as 6 years and this list includes only those vehicles purchased since 2003.

The Vientiane GSO definition of useable life for communications equipment including computers, terminals, printers, and mobile telephones is three years. Therefore, this EUM lists only such communications equipment purchased since 2006.

Other USG Assistance

DEA

The LENS provides some equipment and supplies in support of DEA program implementation and develops cooperative subprojects on a local basis, such as a customs parcels inspection subproject. In this case, DEA is the operational agency but LENS provides such equipment as several desk top computers, fax machines, and motorcycles to Lao Customs Offices in three provinces. However, the purchasing, delivery, and use monitoring of such equipment is conducted by LENS during periodic visits to these Lao Customs offices and the inventory documentation responsibility remains with LENS and not DEA.

During 2009, Post supported the RSO by providing one desktop standard computer with printer to the Laos Airports Authority in support of their airport security and anti terrorist precautions. Post also supported the Consular Section with one desktop standard computer with printer to the Ministry of Justice agency responsible for tracking fraud cases with respect to foreigners entering the country with fraudulent travel documents, some of whom may be drug traffickers. Both of those computer sets were inspected during 2009 and were found to be in good working order and reliable custody.

Counterpart Agencies

The LENS held regular working meetings with GOL counterparts to discuss operations and the status of USG-provided assets. The primary contact point with the GOL is the Lao National Committee for Drug Control and Supervision (LCDC). Other GOL agencies included under this section include:

Ministry of Public Security (MOPS)
Drug Control Department (DCD)
Provincial Counter Narcotics Police Units (CNUs) (under the DCD)
Provincial Committees for Drug Control (PCDCs) (under the Provincial Governor’s Administrative office)
Lao Customs Department, Ministry of Finance
LENS’ staff concerned with the EUM, visited the LCDC, DCD, units of the Lao Customs Department, 8 PCDCs and 8 CNUs during the course of the year.
Lao Airports Authority, Ministry of Transportation Ministry of Justice.

Receipt

Hand-receipt and donation letters and letters of agreement (LOAs) support the transfer of property. They include detailed inventory listing a description, quantities, costs, and serial numbers. Each item being provided to a Lao counterpart agency is detailed in the letter and signed for by a representative of the counterpart agency. These letters of receipt are written in both Lao and English with English being the language of record. All equipment and even office supplies donated or provided by NAS, as procured by GSO, use a standard set of co-signed donation letters for the items. In all cases of significant amounts of equipment or supplies, a senior representative of the Lao National Commission for Drug Control and Supervision (LCDC) co-signs the receipt document even in the event Lao Customs or the Lao Police Department for Drug Control (DCD) or their provincial units, receive some donations of non lethal equipment.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

During CY-09, the EUM coordinator and four program staff conducted site visits to GOL offices throughout the country to review controls and inventories of U.S. provided resources. These visits were conducted at eight provinces and at Vientiane National Capital. At the eight provinces, the provincial counter narcotics police units (CNUs) and the provincial drug control committees (PCDCs) were visited once during the year. The Lao Customs Department was visited at least once during the year at two provincial customs offices. Two provincially operated drug treatment and rehabilitation centers at Savannakhet Province and Vientiane National Capital (Somsanga Drug Treatment Center) were visited several times during the course of the year. Also in Vientiane National Capital the LCDC and the DCD (Central Police Drug Control Department) were visited monthly or bi monthly during the course of the year.

The LENS uses unscheduled on-site inspections during all visits to the field offices above to randomly check and reconfirm the use of donated equipment.

Inspections were performed at ten sites: Champasack, Savannakhjet, Bokeo, Luang Prabang, Houaphan, Phong Saly, Ondomxai, Vientiane Province and Bolikhamxay Province.

01/14/2010 - CNU, Customs Office and PCDC Bokeo
01/13/2010 - CNU and PCDC Luang Namtha
12/22/2009 - CNU and PCDC Champasack
12/21/2009 - CNU and PCDC Savannakht
01/12/2010 - CNU and PCDC Oudomxai
01/11/2010 - CNU and PCDC Luang Prabang
01/14/2010 - CNU, Customs Office and PCDC Bokeo
01/13/2010 - CNU and PCDC Luang Namtha
12/22/2009 - CNU and PCDC Champasack
12/21/2009 - CNU and PCDC Savannakhet
12/01/2008 - CNU and PCDC Houaphan
12/21/2008 - CNU and PCDC Phongsaly
01/12/2010 - CNU and PCDC Oudomxai
01/11/2010 - CNU and PCDC Luang Prabang
02/16/2010 - Savannakhet Province, Drug Treatment and RehabilitationCenter
11/15/2009 - Nationality Division, Department of Administration System, Ministry of Justice, Vientiane
01/29/2009 - Immigration Office, Wattay Airport, Lao Authority

A total of 192 items were surveyed for the 2009 EUM. 92% of the items were directly inspected and 8% were inspected by other methods and verified as noted in this report. In the cases not inspected directly, the equipment was not lost or misappropriated, but a key to a storage cabinet was missing or a motorcycle was sent to a repair garage too far away to inspect. These few anomalies were resolved later on subsequent visits to these Lao agency offices. Post is confident there was no misappropriation of donated equipment covered under the 2009 EUM.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

The LENS staff holds discussions with GOL counterpart agencies frequently and during the course of such discussions or field visits to provincial agencies, the status of donated equipment is reviewed, physically confirmed, and issues relating to maintenance and repair considered and resolved for follow up action.

The LENS staff also reviews the inventory records kept by the host government agencies to ascertain whether their records are consistent with LENS inventory records. Host government records, especially in the provinces, are substandard. However physical checks are easily conducted and there were no suspected cases of misappropriation.

From time to time during the course of the year, DEA officers also assist with information and feedback on the status and use of INL donated equipment to the DCD, CNUs and some Customs Offices. The use and status of such equipment would be provided to LENS in the form of an office memo or trip report copy.

The fax machine donated to the Immigration Office, Wattay International Airport (Vientiane), Lao Airports Authority by the RSO, was donated on 29 January 2009, and remains at that office and is in good working order. Likewise, for the computer and printer set donated to the Ministry of Justice by the Consular Section, the Consul visited the Nationalities Division office during November 2009 and informed us that the equipment was at that office and in good working order.

Vehicles

This EUM defines the useable life of a vehicle (typically a pick-up truck) and light weight motorcycles (100-125 cc engine size) as 6 years, the local post GSO standard. The following list includes only those vehicles purchased since 2003. The motorcycles were provided to 10 provincial CNUs or PCDCs over the past six years. The motorcycles were provided to the following CNUs or PCDCs (as noted) by province: Vientiane (6), Vientiane Province PCDC (3), Bokeo (6), Boulikhamxai PCDC (3), Luang Namtha (1), Luang Prabang (6), Oudomxai (1), Phong Saly (1), Savannakhet PCDC (3), Savannakhet CNU (6), and Sayabouly (4). One light weight pick-up truck was provided to the Savannakhet Provincial Drug Treatment Center. Post maintains accurate records of all other vehicles purchased before 2003 as well.

Law Enforcement
Motorcycle 21

Crop Control
Motorcycle 14

Demand Reduction
Motorcycle 39

Savannakhet Provincial Drug Treatment Center
Pickup truck 1


Communications Equipment

The inventory of communications equipment provided below includes items donated since 2005. The post GSO definition of user life for this type of equipment is three years. This equipment is used by GOL agencies for conducting drug law enforcement activities, and management of drug crop control and prevention/treatment programs. These items were donated to eight CNUs over the past three years as follows: Vientiane Province PCDC (not CNU) 1 fax machine; Bokeo 1 fax machine; Luang Prabang 1 fax machine and 5 mobile phones; Oudomxai 5 mobile phones; Phong Saly 1 fax machine, 1 wireless “Win” phone unit, and 5 mobile phones; Houaphan 10 mobile phones; Savannakhet 1 fax machine, and 5 mobile phones; Luang Namtha 1 fax machine, and 5 mobile phones; Drug Control Department (DCD) 1 fax machine, and 10 mobile phones; Immigration Office at Wattay International Airport 1 fax machine. Lao Commission for Drug Control and Supervision (LCDC) 1 Photo-copy machine.

Complete records for similar donations prior to 2005 are kept by LENS according to location. One fax machine was donated to the Lao Airports Authority by the RSO office. This fax machine is for the use of the Airports Authority to fax law enforcement authorities’ copies of suspected foreign nationals arriving or departing with suspicious identification documents.

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment sets, typically including processor, keyboard, monitor, printer, UPS, with associated software and consumables such as toner cartridges have been provided over a number of years. The useable life of a computer and associated equipment such as printers or other peripherals is defined by post GSO as three years, due especially, at Lao government offices, to hot weather, high humidity, lack of air conditioning, dust, and a lack of repair or maintenance personnel. These laptop computers were donated to the Lao Customs Department (2) and the LCDC (2); Desktop Computer (1) to DCD and Ministry of Justice (MoJ) (1). The computer and printer set were donated to the Nationalities Division office at the Ministry of Justice at the request of the Consular Section, U.S. Embassy. This office tracks possible passport fraud including those suspected of drug trafficking. Post maintains complete pre 2005 inventory records on similar computers by GOL office location.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Miscellaneous equipment is defined as standard police type bullet proof vests with no metal components such as metal slats. These bullet proof vests have been distributed to police counter narcotics units at eight provinces, the Central Police Drug Control Department, and the Lao Commission for Dug Control and Supervision (LCDC). The provincial breakdowns are: Bokeo (7), Luang Prabang (3), Oudomxai (3), Savannakhet (14), Luang Namtha (6), Houaphan (7), Champasack (2), Phong Saly (1), DCD Vientiane (36), Commission for Drug Control and Supervision (LCDC) (4).

Vessels

Two local standard “Mekong River” patrol boats, manufactured in Thailand, were provided to the Lao Customs Unit at Bokeo Province on the Mekong River in the “Golden Triangle” area adjacent to Thailand and Burma. These boats are commonly used on the Mekong River in Thailand and Laos and equipped with 2,500 cc engines, easy to repair locally, and suitable for tropical climate use. During this year, the Lao Customs Department reported that both boats remain in good condition but the engines were damaged in a storm. The Customs Department replaced the engines in both boats; using their own funds, during 2009 and the boats continue to function well. The Customs Department reported to us that the boats enable them to frequently patrol the Mekong River along the border with the “Golden Triangle” or “Quadrangle” which includes the border intersections of Burma, Thailand, Laos and China (Yunnan Province) upstream on the Mekong River. The Customs Office at Bokeo Province also mentioned that boat patrols are insufficient to patrol the borders because with the construction of new all weather highways between Yunnan Province in China, across northern Laos, and on to northern Thailand, drug and contraband traffickers are using trucks and other vehicles for smuggling. A new Mekong River bridge will open in the next year or so enabling direct passenger and cargo transport by road from Kunming, China, via Laos, and onto Bangkok, Thailand. The potential for smuggling by road transport is very high.

These vessels are assigned under our law enforcement projects.

Vessels
“Long tailed” engine (2,500cc size) patrol boats 2


Program Impact

U.S.G donated equipment has had a positive impact on the ability of the Government of Laos to implement activities and programs for the interdiction of narcotics, reduce the demand for narcotic drugs through drug addiction treatment and rehabilitation , and to eliminate to a very low level the amount of opium poppy crop planted in the northern provinces. The number of drug traffickers arrested and the amount of illicit drugs seized has increased over the past year. Authoritative numbers are difficult to ascertain, but the overall trend is up according to all available data. For example, during 2008, the Vientiane National Capital Narcotics Control Police (CNU) and the Department for Drug Control (DCD) (with DEA technical assistance) conducted a first-time “international controlled delivery” and arrested with Thai cooperation West African drug trafficker who had transported cocaine into Laos via an international courier. The number of drug addicts (mainly opium, heroin, and methamphetamine) treated and rehabilitated in the past year were over 3,000 persons. The amount of opium poppy planted has decreased to about 1, 900 hectares in 2008 from some 26,000 hectares in 1998.

However, the equipment donated by the USG could no doubt be put to more effective use. The level of motivation and leadership among Lao government agencies working in law enforcement, demand reduction, and crop control continues to be low, leading to less than optimal use of their equipment and resources. These issues are systematic. Human resource and capacity building remain important goals in our programs to help ensure that donated equipment is used more effectively and efficiently to achieve better results. Post has a policy of donating practical equipment which is required and likely to be used regularly and maintained in good working order.

Communications Equipment

The communications support has enabled host government counterparts and agencies to enhance their contact with central government units, other agencies in the provinces and to enable direct and improved contacts with the LENS office and its staff. All such donated equipment is of a low technical nature and relatively easy to repair and maintain, given local limitations and geography.

Computer Equipment

Post observes that computer equipment provided with training and technical support is increasingly well used by law enforcement agencies, drug treatment centers and to a lesser extent, provincial drug control committees engaged in crop control and opium substitution programs. Most CNUs now utilize computers in their work.

Weapons

As noted previously, there are no weapons or weapons related supplies, equipment or services provided in our programs.

Vehicles

The vehicles provided under our programs have proven to be effective necessary equipment for counter narcotics police units, drug addiction treatment programs and crop control programs to accomplish their basic program objectives and operational activities.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Unmonitored Resources

Approximately 90% of resources were monitored during the past year. Post plans to schedule “second visits” this year to resources that could not be monitored.

On-site Inspections

Post plans to make improvements in our EUM monitoring in 2010. Even though post is generally able to visit all sites during the course of the year, post plan to better inform these host country offices, especially those in the provinces, of the policies and requirements of INL regards the good custody, use, repair and maintenance of USG donated equipment. Post will ask our principal GOL counterpart agency, the LCDC, to send a letter to all appropriate provincial agencies through proper channels, to inform them in the Lao language of the importance of good record keeping and proper usage of USG. donated equipment. Furthermore, in 2010, post will continue the process to transfer “junk” equipment from our EUM records according to INL and relevant State Department procedures. Post’s last transfer of “junk equipment” was in late 2007 and post will process a similar “junking procedure” during 2010.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources Status

DEA provides us with regular updates, via copies of trip reports or office memos, on the status and use of INL donated equipment which they observe during their periodic visits to the DCD, provincial CNUs or offices of the Lao Customs Department.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

The host government is able to absorb some of the costs of repair and maintenance, however as a general rule, required financing for the repair and maintenance of commodities and equipment, for damage sustained through normal use, are paid for by LENS. There is no central host government authority, such as LCDC, to cover the repair and maintenance of commodities, rather the individual line agency departments and/or provincial administration offices cover as much of the costs as possible. Where the host government has no budget allocated for such repairs, the LENS program pays for such repairs, if required.

Other Problems

The 2007 EUM gave an extensive discussion of problems encountered and those issues remained during 2009. It is worthwhile to note host government counterpart agencies, by and large, are very diligent and careful to maintain, even in a disrepair or junk status, virtually any and all equipment provided by international donors. For example, when visiting a typical counter narcotics police unit in the provinces or the DCD central level office, the police officers are able to readily produce virtually any and all donated equipment over a course of ten years or more and identify the donor of the equipment as well. In a government that often suffers from corruption on many fronts, the dutiful stacking and custody of such donated equipment is remarkable equipment that is now obsolete or is no longer in working order was identified and will be “junked” and deleted from the inventory list during 2010.

Post encountered at various times, delays and postponements of EUM monitoring field trips by the host government, namely the LCDC. By the end of the year, post were able to conduct the required monitoring trips to complete the EUM but the level of cooperation should be improved by the LCDC during the coming year. This issue will be addressed in a series of quarterly review meetings to be conducted with the Deputy Chair of the LCDC led by the DCM.

In order to meet the INL reporting deadlines and new procedures for the 2009 EUM, post has approved the addition of a part time EFM to assist our section with administrative reporting, especially for INL reports. Post expects the new EFM to begin work soon in as much as the budget was included in this year’s PD and S budget. She/he will assist our section in the compilation of the EUM report to INL among other responsibilities.



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