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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

2009 End-Use Monitoring Report: Europe and the Middle East (Ankara through Riga)


Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 1, 2010

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[Due to its size, chapter is in two parts. See Part II: Sarajevo through Zagreb]

ANKARA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Courtney Turner, Tel. 8-295-7065, turnerCL@state.gov

Inventory System

Post maintains EUM archives, listing the status of donated items.

Staff Member Responsibilities

Aysem Sargin, INL Program Assistant, provided End Use Monitoring assistance and support to the INCLE program at post. She can be reached by phone at 90-312-457-7069 or email at SarginA@state.gov

Tom Senecal, DEA, Deputy Regional Director works closely with EUM Program Coordinator so as to avoid duplication of effort and to ensure that initiatives are complementary. He can be contacted by phone at 90-312-457-7229 or by email at Thomas.J.Senecal@usdoj.gov

Other USG agency Assistance

Drug Enforcement Agency

Counterpart Agencies

Turkish Grain Board (TMO)
Turkish National Police (TNP)
Jandarma
Customs
AMATEM Drug Addiction Treatment Facility

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

There were no on-site inspections completed in 2009.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

No new commodities were donated to partner agencies during 2009. Due to limited INCLE funds and focus on training initiatives, post employed secondary methods of monitoring to conduct end use monitoring.

During the year 2009, 100% of INL-funded commodity donations were monitored using secondary methods. These methods included meetings with TNP officials and telephone discussions with TMO and Jandarma officials, as well as the review of the reports of our counterpart agencies. Meetings with TNP officials took place on June 23, October 19, and November 2, 2009.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Post provided 20 vehicles to the Turkish Grain Board (TMO) in 1992 and 1993. The vehicles are aging and in need of continuous maintenance. INCLE also provided vehicles to the TMO in 1992 and 1993. Thus, most of the vehicles have already been retired, as they have reached the end of their useful lives. The TMO disassembled all retired vehicles and salvaged them for useable parts that could be employed in the maintenance of those vehicles which remain in use. In total, 18 out of the original 45 INL funded vehicles remain in use, largely to aid in the monitoring of operations in poppy fields in the Afyon and surrounding provinces. These vehicles are expected to be retired within the near future as well, as they are continually in need of maintenance and are near the end of the useful lives.

Turkish Grain Board

Tofas Kartal

6

Renault

11

Jeep Cherokee

1

Turkish National Police

TIPO

1

Renault

1


Surveillance Equipment

INL had previously donated the following surveillance equipment: 11 fiberscopes, one frequency meter, seven GPS Satellite Surveillance Systems (used in Diyarbakir, Istanbul and TNP headquarters), cable test equipment, two cameras (camera equipment is employed, though with decreasing frequency, in Adana, Ankara, Diyarbakir, Malatya, Mugla and TNP headquarters), one ear phone set, three microphone inductors (used in Diyarbakir, Istanbul, TNP headquarters and Mugla). This equipment is assessed to be properly maintained and in working condition. Since the equipment was donated between the years of 1986 and 2004, much of it has become obsolete with the introduction of new technology in the field of surveillance. All equipment is maintained by the TNP. Previously donated equipment to the Jandarma includes; two Sony digital video cameras, two Sony digital cameras, two Polaroid/Spectra cameras and one covered voice and camera transmitter, five voice recorders, two transmitters as calendar books, two transmitters as cigarette packs, two voice and camera transmission systems (UNITEL-3000), one closed circuit Panasonic digital camera and one GSM voice transmitter. The equipment donated to the Jandarma, is in working condition and well maintained. It is used with varying frequency as it is becoming increasingly outdated. No new INL-funded commodities were donated in 2009.

Computer Equipment

INL has previously donated three monitors to the Turkish Police, six computers to the Turkish Grain Board and five laptops to the Jandarma.

Communications Equipment

INL donated equipment to the TNP includes; 144 radios (used in Diyarbakir, Istanbul, TNP headquarters and Mugla), one radio programming device and three satellite systems. Previously donated equipment to the Jandarma included ten hand radios.

Miscellaneous Equipment

INL donated equipment to the Turkish Grain Board includes; five TLC (thin layer chromatography) equipment, one HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography) equipment, one seed grinder, one sensitive scale, one seeder, one seed processor, one pilot facility and one Karl Fischer Moisture Analyzer. This equipment was all donated between the years 1992 and 2001. It was assessed during the year 2009 and found to be properly maintained and in working condition and is still considered highly useful in TMO control of poppy production. No new equipment was donated during the year 2009.

Program Impact

The Turkish Grain Board continues to use effectively INL-funded equipment for the monitoring of poppy production. This equipment has a direct positive impact on the production monitoring process, allowing for the increased productivity and the cultivation of more marketable licit products.

The Turkish National Police continue to use INL funded equipment, though with decreasing frequency. Though the items supplied were of great utility to the TNP when they were first donated between 1986 and 2004, much of the technology has become obsolete. Still, the TNP finds innovative ways to employ the equipment provided.

The Jandarma continues to employ outdated INL-funded equipment throughout Turkey with decreasing frequency with the introduction of new technology.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

As in previous reports, post notes the decreasing scope of the program due to limited funding. Without funding, on-site inspections on INL-funded equipment is virtually impossible, forcing post to rely almost solely on secondary monitoring methods. Furthermore, no new INL-funded physical goods were provided to partner agencies since 2004. Since then, post has focused its efforts on improving and increasing training programs and technical assistance.

BAGHDAD

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Susan Page, Tel. 1 240 553 0581, pagesx@state.gov

Inventory System

Post uses EUM version 0.1.4b manual receipts and computerized scanned paper inventory lists.

Staff Members Responsibilities

On-site advisers include William Pryor, ROL Advisor, Serge Loiseau, ICOR, Stephen Weber, ICOR, Steven Weber, ICOR, William Pryor, ROL Advisor, David Akulian, ROL Adviser, Michael Carasco, ROL; Anthony D’Aquila, Corrections Program Coordinator.

Other USG Agency Assistance

US Marshal Service
International Criminal Investigation Training Advisory Program (ICITAP)
FBI Major Crimes Task Force (MCTF)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
Embassy Office of Provincial Affairs (OPA)

Counterpart Agencies

Iraq Commission on Integrity (COI)
Iraq Higher Judicial council (HJC)
Iraq Corrections Service (ICS)
Iraq Ministry of Justice

Receipt

Transfers are documented by hand receipts or Forms DS-1909 and DSP-83. There is not the usual INL government-to-government agreement in the form of a Letter of Agreement, the standard terms and conditions of which stipulate constraints on the disposition of property provided pursuant to it and which provide for end-use monitoring. The two completed corrections facilities (see below) were turned over to the GOI through the Iraqi Corrections Service (ICS). The projects were managed by USACE and turned over using their standard practices and forms.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

The number of scheduled on-site inspections performed:

Fort Suse Prison has an ICITAP Advisory Team assigned that logged 222 visits in 2009. Chamchamal Prison has an ICITAP Advisory Team that visits daily. INL Baghdad staff plans quarterly (or more often) visits to prison construction projects. INL-funded ICITAP advisors maintained weekly visits to COI recipients receiving INL funded equipment, and INL-funded MCTF members maintained weekly visits with Iraqi Police units that received Personal Protective Equipment.

No unscheduled visits were performed as all travel had to be coordinated through OPA, local Provincial Reconstruction Team, and RSO, which required advance site visits and clearances per Embassy security requirements.

The number of counterpart sites and cities visited: N/A

The date and location of on-site inspections performed:

04/05/2009 - Basra
10/21/2009 - Basra
03/19/2009 - Chamchamal
10/27/2009 - Chamchamal
03/07/2009 - FT. Suse Phase I and Phase III
10/25/2009 - FT. Suse Phase I and Phase III
04/08/2009 - Nasiriyah
3 times per month - Judicial Development Institute

The number of donated items subject to inspection:

For prison sites, 100% of donated items were personally inspected. For courthouse upgrades, 0% was personally inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Courthouse Upgrades: 100% had regularly documented inspections through the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and 70% were reviewed with the HJC upon completion. Some older projects were completed with provincial support and the HJC was not aware of the scope and progress of the projects. ICITAP- and MCTF-administered donations were 100% inspected by personnel within each project; MCTF staff maintained photographic records of the handover and both ICITAP and MCTF used hand receipts to record the transfer.

Status-Commodities

Surveillance Equipment

On 5/19/2009 (189 items) and 10/6/2009 (54 items), ICITAP transferred surveillance equipment to the COI using DSP-83, Nontransfer and Use Certificates. This equipment included the following:

Wireless Audio Receiver
Wireless Video Recorder
Hand Hel Radio
Step-down Converters
Coat Hanger Antennas
Microwave Repeaters
Button Video Camera
CCTV Camera Sets
Photo Printers
Rechargeable Spot Lights
4 Channel Video Recorder Systems
Cassette Tape Transcription
CD Transcription Machine
Audio Receive w/ Mini Disk Receiver
Tissue Box Antenna
Mini Disc Recorder
Computer Case Video Transmitters
Eye Glass Case Audio Transmitters
Palm Pilot Case Audio Transmitters
Cigarette Pack Audio Transmitters
Covert Cell Phones
Cell Phone Battery Audio Transmitters
Hand Held Radios
Hand Held Radio Chargers
Laptop Computers
Audio Receiver w/ Mini Disc Recorder
Sunglasses Video Transmitters
Cyber shot Digital Cameras
Hand/Cam Video Camera
Programmable Audio Repeater
Mobile CCTV/Audio Receivers
Camera Mounting Sets
12V Batter Pack w/ charger
Digital Body Wire

Per assessments by ICITAP, noting that the lack of communication and investigation equipment was undermining the efficacy of Commission on Integrity (COI) investigations, INL-I agreed to fund a narrowly targeted list of communication, investigation and recording equipment. All equipment is used to improve the safety and efficiency of COI investigations.

On 5/19/2009 ICITAP transferred polygraph equipment to the Iraq COI using a DSP-83, Nontransfer and Use Certificates. This equipment (29 items) included the following:

Polygraph Equipment

Polygraph Instrument Complete Sets
100 watt Audio Amp
23” Monitors
PC Work Station Desks
Chairs
DVD Duplicators
Pinhole covert camera lens
Portable deskjet printer w/ printer cartridges
Split screen pi2dsp
PC to TV converters
Polygraph chairs
Carpet

ICITAP assessments indicated that the efficiency and effectiveness of COI investigations would be improved through access to modern polygraph technology and training. In support of the training program, INL provided polygraph and related recording and support equipment to the COI.

GPS Equipment

On 7/24/2009 ICITAP transferred GPS equipment to the IRAQ COI, Federal Assistance Award SINLEC09P0035. The equipment consisted of four GPS-GMS tracking systems to be used to enhance the capabilities of the COI investigative and security personnel to collect, analyze and disseminate intelligence related to government corruption.

ICITAP assessments noted that investigations were hampered by a lack of specific information about locations, including crime scenes and witness locations. This greatly increased the time burden on investigators that needed to revisit scenes or review witness testimony. In addition, COI staff has been regular targets of terrorists. When investigating a crime, the staff was often out of contact for long periods of time. INL agreed to provide GPS-tracking systems to the COI in order to assist with their monitoring of sites and staff.

In early 2009, the MCTF transferred nine sets of personal protection equipment, including ballistic plates, to Iraqi Police Officers assigned to the Major Crimes Task Force (MCTF).

The transfer of referenced property was recorded by hand receipt, PPE unit number and digital photographs. The documentation is on hand at the MCTF offsite and can be reviewed by contacting the MCTF Iraqi Logistics Officer, Captain Mohammad.

The units will be recovered if/when the Iraqi Police Officer that has been issued a PPE unit departs MCTF service. This will be accomplished via a standard transfer property inventory that is implemented by afore mentioned Logistics Officer.

The PPE units are necessary to afford maximum protection available to the MCTF Iraqi Police Officers in the course of their regularly assigned MCTF duties, in order to survive violent encounters with criminal elements to include assassins, exposure to Indirect Fire (IDF) and Improvised Explosive Devices (IED), etc.

Status-Services

Construction Projects

Ongoing INL-Funded Prison Capacity Development Projects:

Project Title: Basrah Central Prison Renovation
Location: City of Basrah
Original Completion Date: 11/06/2009
Estimated Actual Completion Date: 03/15/2010
94% complete

Project title: Ft Suse Phase 3 (INL)
Location: Sulaymaniyah (Govn), Sulaymaniyah
Original Completion Date: 08/18/2009
Estimated Actual Completion Date: 08/18/2009
98% complete

Project Title: Nasiriyah Prison Facility Expansion
Location: Thi Qar province; City of Nasiriyah
Original Completion Date: 11/19/2008
Estimated Actual Completion Date: 07/02/2009
99% complete

Completed INL-Funded Prison Capacity Development Projects:

Project Title: Chamchamal Correctional Facility
Location: 7km North of Chamchamal; 40 km NE of Kirkuk
Original Completion Date: 11/25/2008
Actual Completion Date: 2/26/2009

Project Title: Fort Suse Prison Phase 1
Location: Sulaymaniyah (GOVN), Sulaymaniyah
Original Completion Date: 12/29/2008
Actual Completion Date: 01/2009

Both facilities were turned over to the GOI through the Iraqi Corrections Service (ICS). The projects were managed by USACE and turned over using their standard practices and forms.

Ongoing INL-Funded Judicial Capacity Building Support:

Project Title: Judicial Development Institute (JDI)
Location: Baghdad Province, Karkh District, 1 km north of the US Embassy.
Original Completion Date: 02/2009
Estimated Actual Completion Date: 05/01/2010

Courthouse Security Construction:

Mosul Courthouse Security Upgrades
Estimated completion date: 3/19/2009
Actual completion: 3/05/2009

Hillah Courthouse Security Upgrades
Estimated completion date: 3/14/2009
Actual completion date: 3/19/2009

Baqubah Courthouse Security Upgrades
Estimated completion date: 5/31/2009
Actual completion: 5/5/2009

Abu Ghraib Courthouse Security Upgrades
Estimated completion date: 6/12/2009
Actual completion: 5/21/2009

Ramadi Justice Center Security Upgrades
Estimated completion date: 11/07/2009
Actual completion: 7/13/2009

Hit Courthouse Security Upgrades
Estimated completion date: 11/5/2009
Actual completion: 11/7/2009

Al Qa'im Courthouse Security Upgrades
Estimated completion date: 10/06/2009
Actual completion: 11/9/2009

Fallujah Courthouse Security Upgrades
Estimated completion date: 11/14/2009
(cancelled in August 2009).

Karkh Appellate Court
Estimated completion date: January 2010
Actual completion: Cancelled in February 2010 due to bombing in December 2009

Ongoing INL-Funded Justice Sector Security Upgrades:

Salah as Din Major Crimes Court
Estimated completion date: 03/20/2010

Najaf Courthouse
Estimated completion date: 05/31/2010

Al Kut Courthouse
Estimated completion date: 05/08/2010

Samarra Courthouse
Estimated completion date: Terminated for cause January 2010

Sadr City Courthouse
Estimated completion date: 07/01/2010

Husseiniya Courthouse
Estimated completion date: 06/14/2010

Adhimiya Courthouse
Estimated completion date: 05/01/2010

Al Sha’ab Courthouse
Estimated completion date: 05/02/2010

HJC HQ Building
Estimated completion date: Pending contract award

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

The communications equipment provided to the Commission on Integrity is specifically designed to address ICITAP-identified gaps in investigator support and coordination. Telecommunication in Iraq remains sporadic, so reliable secondary or, in rural areas, primary communication is a matter of both function and safety. COI staff are targets of both criminal and terrorist activity, so the radios and other equipment are fundamental to security preparations.

Weapons

The INL funded Major Crimes Task Force trains, mentors and supports GOI investigations into priority crimes as determined by the GOI. The crimes are typically considered highly complex and engage in the most dangerous terrorism and criminal elements. In light of this, MCTF units identified the need for high-quality PPE in order to ensure the safety of Iraqi counterparts engaged in MCTF-supported investigations.

Construction Projects

From 2003 to present, quality prison bed space that can securely hold individuals that have a judicial warrant in an effective, but humane, manner has been a USG priority. INL prison construction projects have added more than 5800 beds to the national prison system, which includes national prisons established in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. These facilities are built to international standards of prisoner care and also meet international security standards. To ensure effective use and maintenance of the facilities, INL is also funding DOJ/ICITAP advisors to assist the GOI in standing up and managing the prison facilities.

In 2004, the Higher Judicial Council and INL began discussions on mechanisms to address the gap in professional capacity caused by the policies of Saddam Hussein, which limited travel and communication for judges. In 2008, INL supported the construction of the Judicial Development Institute (formerly the Judicial Education and Development Institute). This is the first institution in the history of Iraq within the sole control of the judiciary and targeting the professional development of judges, court administrators and security personnel. The facility will be completed in 2010; however some initial courses and activities began in January 2010.

Surveillance Insurance

INL-funded ICITAP advisors identified the need for basic equipment support and training for COI investigators in 2008. Since the COI itself was new and the investigators inexperienced, INL agreed to provide basic surveillance equipment in 2009 to allow for training and initial support to progress quickly given the urgent need for more thorough investigations. As many of the techniques using the equipment were new, the COI was not initially prepared or able to fund the purchase themselves. As the equipment proves useful to investigators attending ICITAP training, COI investment is expected to increase.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Unmonitored Resources

For all construction projects, the security situation makes visits difficult so they are infrequent. While under construction, post relies on liaison with USACE.

There is not the usual INL government-to-government agreement in the form of a Letter of Agreement (LOA), the standard terms and conditions of which stipulate constraints on the disposition of property provided pursuant to it and which provide for end-use monitoring. INL/I in Washington is working on a draft LOA which we plan to propose to the GOI this year. Such an LOA will provide for the accepted procedures for End-Use Monitoring.

BELGRADE

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Robert Norris, tel. 381-11-306-4836; norrisre@state.gov

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

ICITAP used personal on-site inspections to monitor the end use of this equipment. Two project advisors and a program assistant participated in the process. The program assistant developed a detailed list of specifications for the donated equipment. The advisors visited the offices to inspect the equipment and its designated use. Customs clearance was conducted by the recipient’s representative with ICITAP’s assistance. There have been no changes in ICITAP’s staff and End Use Monitoring responsibilities for the previous calendar year.

The OPDAT staff, including the RLA, Senior Legal Specialist, RLA assistant, and Program Assistant, during their regular visits and meetings at the offices of recipients, as well as during donation ceremonies, inspected the equipment and its designated use through discussions with host government officials on the status of donated equipment. Also, OPDAT compared recipients’ written or computerized records with its own records of donated equipment. There have been no changes in OPDAT’s staff and End Use Monitoring responsibilities for the previous calendar year.

Inventory System

DOJ/OPDAT and DOJ/ICITAP do not use an automated inventory system to record and track the distribution of resources provided to host government agencies. Instead, detailed records on donated equipment, i.e. specifications, serial numbers, dates of hand-over, etc., are used. Transfer documents, designed and approved by the Republic of Serbia Ministry of Interior and the Embassy, are also used by DOJ/ICITAP in support of this report. Donation agreements and delivery receipts approved and signed by appropriate parties from the receiving GOS offices and DOJ/OPDAT are also used in support of this report.

Other U.S. Government Assistance

DOJ/ICITAP
DOJ/OPDAT

Counterpart Agencies

Serbian Ministry of Interior
Service for Combating Organized Crime (Forensics)
Service for Investigating War Crimes
Special Antiterrorist Unit (SAJ)
Organized Crime Prosecutor’s Office
War Crimes Prosecutor’s Office
Belgrade District Court
Prosecutors’ Association of Serbia
Anti-Corruption Department of the Chief Republic Prosecutor’s Office

Receipt

The Agreements on Donation, protocols, and/or receipts (2005-2009) were signed by appropriate parties from both Serbian Ministry of Interior and Embassy/ICITAP.

The Donation Agreements and delivery receipts were signed by appropriate parties from the receiving GOS offices (for the Organized Crime Prosecutor’s Office, War Crimes Prosecutor’s Office, Belgrade District Court, Chief Republic Prosecutor’s Office, and the Prosecutor’s Association of Serbia) and Embassy/OPDAT.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

Two scheduled and two unscheduled on-site inspections were performed in 2009 at four sites in Belgrade.

01/19/2010 - Belgrade
02/23/2009 - Belgrade
02/24/2009 - Belgrade
02/25/2009 - Belgrade
02/26/2009 - Belgrade
02/27/2009 - Belgrade

The number of ICITAP donated items subject to inspection was 215; the number of OPDAT donated items subject to inspection was 176; the total number of donated items subject to inspection was 391; the percentage of donated items personally inspected: 100%

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Comparison of Records: 2 (DOJ/OPDAT)
Discussions: on-going (DOJ/OPDAT)
Co-location: Senior U.S. Police Advisors have offices in the Ministry of Interior, work with recipients on a daily basis, and observe donated equipment in use (DOJ/ICITAP)
Percentage of Use: N/A

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

Two Enduro motorcycles (Surveillance Department in 2005), one Volkswagen transporter van (Forensic Unit in 2006), one Command vehicle Mercedes-Benz SPRINTER 413 CDI (Anti-Terrorism Unit in 2007), and two Skoda Fabia vehicles were donated to DOJ/ICITP. The motorcycles were donated to the Surveillance Unit in Bulevar Avnoja St. 104, Belgrade. The transporter van was donated to the Forensic Unit in Belgrade, Kneza Milosa St. 101. From CY2005-2008 the motorcycles were used on numerous occasions during investigations of organized crime activities. From CY2006-2008 the forensic transporter van was used on numerous occasions for collecting and preserving evidence from crime scenes. The command vehicle was used on several occasions during investigations of high-profile organized crime activities. All vehicles are in good condition.

Surveillance Department

Motorcycles

2

Forensic Unit

Volkswagen van

1

Antiterrorism Unit

Mercedes Benz

1

DOJ/ICITP

Skoda Fabia

2


Vessels

A Zodiac Special Forces boat was donated to the Serbian Police in 2008. It was used on several occasions to interrupt organized crime channels and in rescue/recovery missions. It is in good condition.

Serbian Police

Zodiac Boat

1


Surveillance Equipment

One hundred thirteen (113) units of specialized surveillance equipment was donated to the Surveillance Unit within the Service for Combating Organized Crime.

Communications Equipment

Twenty (20) Sony Ericsson mobile phones were donated to the Serbian Police War Crimes Unit in calendar year 2007. The phones are being used by authorized personnel of the War Crimes Investigative Services. They are in good condition.

Computer Equipment

Fifty computers were donated to the Service for Investigating War Crimes in 2008. The i2 analytical software was donated to the Organized Crime Prosecutor’s office along with 2 desktop computers with monitors and 2 notebook computers. They are in good condition.

Forensic Equipment

Fifteen (15) units of computer forensic equipment were donated to the Operational Technique Department (Forensics); forensic recovery of evidence device, the ultimate tool kit (access software), paraben forensic replicator, paraben forensic sorter, paraben forensic network e-mail examiner, paraben forensic enterprise decryption collection, paraben forensic text searcher, paraben forensic toolbox, paraben forensic cell seizure toolbox, paraben forensic net analysis, and paraben forensic case magnet companion. All equipment is in good condition.

Program Impact

Vehicles

The vehicles increased the capabilities of the Service for Investigating War Crimes, Forensics Unit and Anti-Terrorist Unit, resulting in apprehension and prosecution of criminals.

Communications Equipment

The equipment increased the capabilities of service for investigating war crimes and service for combating organized crime resulting in apprehensions of suspects for war and organized crime. Sound and Audio equipment has been used for trails and trial recordings.

Forensic Equipment

Donated equipment increased the investigative capacities of the Service for Investigating War Crimes and the Service for Combating Organized Crime resulting in enhanced investigations resulting apprehensions/charging of suspects for war crimes and organized crime activities. Donated equipment strengthened the capacities of the GOS recipients to investigate, prosecute, and adjudicate war crimes, organized crime, corruption, and other criminal cases.

Vessel

The donated Zodiac speed boat was used in anti-organized crime actions resulting in apprehensions of criminals; the boat was also used in underwater body recoveries.

Miscellaneous

The handheld trace detector will be used for screening bags and visitors coming to the Belgrade Palace of Justice.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

There were no problems encountered in the course of the 2009 End Use Monitoring process; therefore, no CAP was implemented.

BISHKEK

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Larry Kelley Tel: 996-312-551241; kelleydl@state.gov

Inventory System

WEB NEPA system in the Embassy warehouse and Microsoft office access based inventory system developed by Bishkek INL office.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

The Senior Law Enforcement Adviser is responsible for general coordination of End Use inspection activities. The Program Assistant and Administrative Assistant are responsible for scheduling end use inspections trips, conducting inventories, maintaining INL Office inventory system, locating missing equipment. The warehouse receiving clerk is responsible for registering all items purchased for donation to the Kyrgyz law enforcement agencies.

Counterpart Agencies

Ministry of the Interior (MOI)
The Forensic Center of the Ministry of Interior (FCMOI)
The Forensic Center of the Ministry of Justice (FCMOJ)
The Department for Traffic Safety (DTS)
Police School of the Ministry of Interior (PS)
Prosecutor General’s Office (PGO)

Receipt

The INL Office drafts a receiving document when equipment is donated to a law enforcement agency. The transceiving act lists all equipment, supplies and services rendered to the agency. This document is signed in two copies by the SLEA and respective head of the receiving agency. Any further distribution of the equipment to the regional units within the agency is reflected in hand receipts, orders or letters from the agency.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

The INL office conducted the following on-site inspections. The number of donated item subject to inspection is 1,266. About 80% of available items were inspected.

09/03/2009 - Naryn Province Forensic Unit
09/04/2009 - Ak Talaa District Forensic Unit
09/08/2009 - Naryn Town Forensic Unit
09/08/2009 - Cholopon Ata Town Forensic Unit
09/09/2009 - Issyk Kul Province Forensic Unit
09/17/2009 - Osh Province
11/03/2009 - Forensic Center of the Ministry of Justice
12/14/2009 - Bishkek Department for Traffic Safety
12/15/2009 - Prosecutor General’s Office
12/16/2009 - Police School
01/05/2010 - Police School
01/26/2010 - Forensics Center of the Ministry Justice
01/28/2010 - Tree District Forensic Centers
01/28/2010 - Chuy Province Forensic Unit

Status-Commodities

Forensic Equipment

The following equipment was donated to the Forensic Center of the Kyrgyz Ministry of Interior in 2007 and 2009: latent print development kits, fingerprint taking kits, fingerprint powder, digital cameras, computers, printers, scanners, finger identification software. The equipment and supplies were distributed to all regional forensic office in the country: Bishkek, Batken, Chuy, Jalai Abad, Issyk Kul, Narynj, Osh, and Talas and most of the districts of the Kyrgyz republic. The forensic equipment is used to collect evidence at a crime scene. The fingerprint identification system is used to process fingerprints. With installation of the Sonda Fingerprint Identification System, the search of fingerprints now takes seconds unlike previous years when an expert spent enormous time searching and comparing fingerprints manually.

The Police School was provided with a limited amount of forensic equipment for its Forensic Center in 2007. The equipment and supplies were used for forensic courses at the Police School. The equipment is in good condition. In 2009, the Sonda system helped to clear 233 crimes around the country; 54 corpses were identified; 629 persons detained for minor crimes, were caught giving false personal information.

Computer Equipment

Servers and other computer equipment were donated to the Prosecutor General’s Office in 2007. They are used to sustain the VPN connection and archive electronic documents. All equipment is in good condition, except for a fax machine.

Two duty officers and the Personnel Unit of the Department for Traffic Safety were provided with 11 sets of computer equipment. The computers are used for regular office work. The equipment is in good condition. Except for a laptop which is broken and cannot be fixed.

Thirty-one (31) sets of computer equipment were donated to the Police School (5 to the Forensic Lab, 22 to the computer room and 3 to the Library). The equipment is in good condition.

Vehicles

Twenty-two (22) vehicles were donated to the Department for Traffic Safety in 2007-2008. They are located as follows: Main office Bishkek (7), Bishkek (3), Batken Province (1), Chuy Province (2), Jalai Abad Province (3), Issyk Kul Province (2), Naryn Province (1), Osh city (1), Osh Province (1), Talas Province (1). The vehicles are used to patrol streets and escort high level delegations. All vehicles are in good condition. However, traffic police officers driving the vehicles noted that the light bars provided with the vehicles are of low quality and need frequent repairs. Also, comparatively with Lada vehicles, Volkswagen Santana vehicles are more reliable in terms of maintenance.

Three vehicles were donated to the Police School in 2007. Two Lada Kalina vehicles are used for driver training at the Police school for new cadets. Around 400 cadets were trained in 2009. One 15 seat Mazda van is used to transport cadets to field exercises or to national public events where cadets assist to maintain order and security. All three vehicles are in good condition.

Department of Traffic Safety

Volkswagen sedan

7

LADA Vax sedan

10

Volkswagen Santana

5

Police School

LADA Kalina

2

Mazda Van

1


Furniture

The Police school was provided with 312 pieces of furniture for the Forensic Lab, computer room, library and dormitory in 2007-2008. All furniture is in place and used appropriately.

INL offices renovated two Duty Offices and the Personnel Unit of the Department for Traffic Safety and provided 92 pieces of furniture. The furniture is in good condition.

Laboratory Equipment

Chromatography systems were provided to the Forensic Center of the Ministry of Justice in 2005. It is used to do different types of experiments and testing of evidence. The equipment is in good condition.

Communication equipment

One hundred sixty (160) pieces of communications equipment (mostly portable radios) were donated to the Department for Traffic Safety in 2007-2008. Post inspected those portable and mobile radios given out with vehicles. Other portable radios distributed throughout the country were not inspected. The equipment was installed in Bishkek and used by police for communications and is in good condition.

Status-Services

Construction projects

Renovation of the Police School Gym in Bishkek (100% completed)
Renovation of the Police School cafeteria in Bishkek (100% completed)

Other Professional Services

In 2007, INL office started financing the implementation of the digital signature for the General Prosecutor’s office and its regional office. Software, some hardware (flash drives) and training were provided by the contractor. Four additional computer sets were provided by INL to the Prosecutor General’s Office. The use of electronic signature of the prosecutor’s offices increased control and execution of the documents.

Implementation of electronic signature was the next step of INL assistance after establishing local network between prosecutor’s offices, implementing VPN L2 (Virtual Private Network) and providing internet connection. This assistance helped the prosecutor’s offices to automate statistical reports for 100% (and exchange 80%) of documents electronically, increased control and effectiveness of work. Thus, the Prosecutor’s Office became one of the leading government entities that applies advanced computer technology in daily work and serves as a model for other government organizations.

Program Impact

Communications Equipment

Motorola and ICOM radio equipment were provided to the Department for Traffic Safety in 2007 and 2008. The equipment increased effectiveness of the Traffic Police in exchanging operational information, a faster response to traffic accidents, and better coordination of traffic direction and flow during high level visits to the country. A new repeater donated to the Bishkek City traffic Police increased radio coverage at least 5 kilometers. A repeater donated to the Main Department for Traffic Safety increased radio coverage for around 25 kilometers. The video surveillance system installed with the help of INL enabled police to control visitor flow.

Construction Projects

Renovation of the Police School cafeteria in 2008-2009 allowed cadets and school instructors to eat in cleaner and more efficient environment. Every day the cafeteria staff feeds 250 students, instructors and other personnel of the Police School. New equipment, availability of hot water and more comfortable environment allows for better quality of food and faster service. Finally, renovation of the cafeteria solved a very important sanitary problem. Health conditions created at the cafeteria will help to keep students and Police school staff in good health.

Renovation of the Police school Gym was over at the end of December 2009. Currently, sports gear is being purchased for the Gym. The newly renovated and equipped gym will allow for more efficient physical training of students. The new facility and equipment will allow students to play soccer, volleyball, basketball, and rugby. They will also be able to exercise, box, wrestle and lift weights. Previously, police school students were unable to use the gym to its full extent in the winter time because there was no heating. The new comfortable conditions, availability of heating and showers will encourage students to exercise in cold and hot weather.

Vehicles

The capital city, with a population of over one million residents, is served with only 15 police vehicles. The provision of 22 vehicles was a considerable assistance for the Traffic Police.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Unmonitored resources

During inspection, two vehicles donated to the Main Department for Traffic Safety were not available. One vehicle was attached to the Presidential escort. Another vehicle had to leave for an urgent traffic mission just before the INL inspection arrival. Both vehicles, according to General Services Department chief of the Main Department for Traffic Safety, are in good condition.

Around 70% of the equipment and vehicles donated to the Kyrgyz Law Enforcement Agencies are concentrated in the capital city. INL personnel inspected almost all of the donated equipment in the city. Additionally, four provinces out of seven were inspected in 2009. Another three provinces are scheduled for inspection in the following year. Some discrepancies in equipment distribution were observed in Naryn and Issyk Kul forensic units. Some computer equipment initially delivered to certain forensic units were distributed later to other regional forensic units. INL has requested the Forensic Center (central office) to provide an updated distribution list for the next End Use inspection.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

Starting in 2007, the Kyrgyz Republic suffered from a power crisis. Regular electricity cut offs in the country had the potential for damaging INL donated equipment. To protect the INL investment, batteries and USPs were provided to ensure the sustainability of the equipment. Repair and maintenance of donated commodities is usually handled by the recipient agency. The INL office provides contact and warranty information for the equipment and vehicles to the recipients. However, sometimes the cost of repair is too high and cannot be paid by the receiving agency. Thus, the video system donated to the Police School in 2007 malfunctioned. INL elected to pay for fixing the system.

Lack of Use and Misuse of Commodities

Police gear (traffic cones, flash lights, batons, handcuffs, etc) provided with the vehicles to the Traffic Police were found in trunks still in boxes in some regional units. Having knowledge of INL end use inspections, some supervisors ordered their staff not to use the equipment to prevent damage, theft or loss. During inspections, the INL staff encouraged officers and supervisors to use donated equipment to the fullest extent.

Some laboratory equipment provided in 2005 to the Forensic Center of the Ministry of Justice is not used to its full capacity. Lack of reagents, laboratory glassware, power fluctuations and unreliable old electric wiring continues to be a problem.

Disposal of Commodities

Two cameras donated to the Forensic Unit of the Bishkek Internal Affairs Department were broken. The unit personnel showed statements from the workshop that the cameras are beyond repair, but the Forensic Unit has not yet disposed of them.

The laptop donated to the Police School is broken and also beyond repair. A disposal act is in process.

There will certainly be more equipment that requires disposal in the future. The INL will develop a disposal mechanism jointly with the host government agencies in order to ensure the clarity of this process.

BUCHAREST

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Troy Larson, regional security officer, Tel: 140-21-200-3450, larsontd@state.gov

Inventory System

A master chart is used to record all donated resources by calendar year. Electronic folders with versions of the donation notes are also kept for each calendar year in addition to the hard copies signed by each party and containing copies of the purchase invoices.

Staff Member Responsibilities

Claudia Munteanu, Law Enforcement Training Coordinator has End Use Monitoring responsibilities that include coordination of equipment donations, drafting donation notes, maintaining receipt documents, performing on-site inspections, identifying operational successes that resulted from the support provided through post’s program.

Counterpart Agencies

The General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime (DGCCO)
The General Inspectorate of the Border Police (IGPR)

All recipients were open to on-site inspections and discussions of donated equipment.

Receipt

Notes were signed by each party containing a brief description of the items donated, technical specifications and prices.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

There were three scheduled on-site inspections and three unscheduled on-site inspections performed at two sites in 2008. The dates are as follows:

08/13/2009 - Unit for Combating Cyber Crime
09/04/2009 - Unit for Combating Cyber Crime
10/16/2009 - Bucharest International Airport
11/03/2009 - Bucharest International Airport
12/21/2009 - Unit for Combating Cyber Crime
01/07/2009 - Unit for Combating Cyber Crime

There were 73 items subject to inspection. Eighty-eight (88) percent were inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Discussions were held regularly with the General Inspectorate of the Romanian Police (IGPR) officials on the status of donated equipment and its effectiveness in conducting daily operations.

Thirteen (13) percent of the equipment was inspected by secondary methods.

Status-Commodities

Computer/Investigative Equipment

Two video cameras, one camera, two camera cases, one shredder, one voice recorder, two thumb drives, one memory card, one laptop, one computer, one monitor and one set of speakers, were donated to the TRIDENT office at the Bucharest International Airport in January 2009. The equipment is used for investigative purposes and it significantly increased the unit's capabilities for data collection and evidence processing.

Four computers and four printers were donated to the counternarcotics Directorate within DGCCO/IGPR in February 2008. They are in Bucharest.

Five computers, five printers, software and a VHS/DVD converter were donated to the Counter Narcotics Directorate for Combating Organized Crime (DGCCO). This equipment is used for investigative purposes and it significantly increased the unit’s capabilities for data and image processing. These tools allow the division to better manage its data base and create a library of case interventions footage to be used for training and assessment purposes. The four recording devices are also used during major drug cases for evidence collection purposes.

Thirteen computers, thirteen UPS units, thirteen Encase Forensic software licenses, ten routers, switches, adaptor and cables were donated to the Directorate for Combating Cyber Crime. All of this specialized equipment greatly assists the agency in its daily operations and it increases the investigators ability and technical expertise to manage computer related cases.

Unit for Combating Cyber Crime (DCCO-IGPR) - Three digital cameras, three memory cards and three camera cases were donated in February 2009. One IP audio-video camera and one injector (power over Ethernet) were donated in March 2009. One EnCase Field Intelligence software, one EnCase Neutrino software and twelve EnCase Forensic V6 licenses were donated in June 2009. Twelve computers (with monitors, keyboards and speakers) were donated in August 2009. One Internet modem, one router and fifteen wireless adaptors were donated in August 2009.

All items are in excellent condition; they a properly maintained and used by the recipients.

Program Impact

Investigative Equipment-TRIDENT

The investigative equipment donated to the TRIDENT office at the International Airport is used for investigative purposes and significantly increased the unit’s capabilities for data collection and evidence collecting. Bucharest International Airport is the country’s main hub and was a busy European transit point for 4.5 million passengers in 2009. The officers from TRIDENT have a key role in the identification of suspects involved in illegal smuggling and trafficking. Their cooperation with USG law enforcement agencies and the U.S. embassy led to significant investigative successes.

Investigative Equipment-Unit for Combating Cyber Crime

The investigative equipment and software donated to the Unit for Combating cyber Crime greatly assists the agency in its daily operations and it increases the investigators’ ability and technical expertise to manage computer-related cases. The donations are consistently used for training purposes as the Unit has its own dedicated computer lab. The unit investigates a large number of cases that involve victims from the U.S. and it has developed an excellent cooperation with U.S. law enforcement agencies. At the national level, the unit solved 102 criminal cases in 2009 and it initiated cooperation with U.S. law enforcement agencies (USSS, FBI, and ICE) in 257 files.


CHISINAU

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Nick Pietrowicz, Regional Security Officer, 373-22-408-300, Pietrowiczn2@state.gov

Inventory System

INL FSN Assistant maintains an updated comprehensive spreadsheet to track inspections and location of donated items.

Staff Member Responsibilities

INL FSN Assistant’s EUM Responsibilities are to maintain and monitor inventory, to conduct on-site physical inspections, to assist with the organization of maintenance and technical support matters.

Counterpart Agencies

Ministry of Internal Affairs, Customs Service Center for Combating Economic
Crimes and Corruption (CCECC)
Border Guard Service
Prosecutor’s General Office, Information and Security Service
National Bank
Ministry of Finance

Receipt

Each donation of equipment is accompanied by an official donation letter and documented in a receipt act, signed by appropriate Law Enforcement agency representative. In addition, INL FSN Assistant started to fill out Federal Assistance Award Form DS-1909 which is signed by the recipient. INL FSN Assistant also started to fill out the Property Disposal Authorization and Survey Report Form DS-132.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

INL FSN Assistant preformed scheduled and unscheduled on-site physical inspections of the INL provided equipment donated in 2006-2009.

INL FSN Assistant inspection visits of counterparts were performed in Chisinau. The items subject to inspection include vehicles, computers, photography equipment, forensic equipment and body armor.

The percentage of donated items personally inspected was 60%.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

The percentage of donated items using secondary monitoring methods is 0%. On-site inspections are feasible at all times. The Government of Moldova (GOM) officials are fully cooperative in this effort and make all attempts to accommodate us immediately upon request.

Status-Commodities

Vehicles

One customized Chevrolet Express Van was donated to the Moldovan Ministry of Internal Affairs in 2009. The vehicle is used by the MOI Forensics Department Bomb Squad. The van was outfitted with all necessary forensic equipment according to the needs of the explosive technicians. The vehicle is in excellent condition.

Two Chevrolet Lacetti Sedans were donated to the Moldovan Ministry of Internal Affairs Department of Operative Services (DOS) in 2008, located in Chisinau. One of the vehicles is used by the Chief of the above mentioned department and is in good condition. The other Chevrolet Lacetti donated to DOS was involved in a traffic accident in March 2009. At present, the Ministry of Internal Affairs is investigating the case. As soon as the investigation is complete, the results will be sent to the Embassy. (NOTE: This incident will be reported further SEPTEL).

Five Chevrolet Lacetti sedans were donated to Moldovan Ministry of Internal Affairs Department of Operative Services (DOS) in 2007, located in Chisinau. The vehicles are used for undercover surveillance and apprehension operations. The cars are in good condition and well maintained.

Five Lada sedans (VAZ 2107) were donated to Moldovan Ministry of Internal Affairs in 2006. The cars are used for wide range of law enforcement operations. The cars are in good condition and well maintained.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Chevy Express Van

1

Chevrolet Lacetti sedans

7

Lada sedans VAZ

5


Program Impact

Embassy continues to see significant impact of the USG-provided assets on the capacity of Moldovan law enforcement officials to combat organized crime, trafficking in human beings, money laundering/financial crimes and corruption as a result of the use of donated items.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Lack of Use and Misuse of Commodities

The INL FSN Assistant is monitoring vehicle usage and the requirement that all accidents be investigated. It is Government of Moldova policy that if a driver is found at fault, they are held financially responsible. Post will be reporting SEPTEL on details of potential vehicle misuse.

JERUSALEM

Background

The Palestinian Authority (PA) Security Sector Reform program began in late 2007. This program is supporting security sector reform for the PA Security Forces (PASF), most particularly the National Security Force (NSF) and the Presidential Guard (PG). Equipment supporting the NSF and PG, procured via the INL CIVPOL task order with DynCorp International, began to arrive in early summer 2008. Throughout 2009 INL provided equipment, training and construction support.

EUM Program Coordinator

Deputy Director Scott Danaher Tel: 972 2 622 7241, DanaherSI@state.gov

Inventory System

In 2009, INL/J used an Excel spreadsheet to record and track the distribution of all resources provided to host government agencies and to maintain and retrieve the End Use Monitoring information. Post intends to transition to the INL Access data base in 2010. INL/J and GSO used NEPA initially to bar-code office equipment and furniture provided to the PA MOI Strategic Planning Department (SPD); during 2009, INL/J requested that GSO remove this inventory from the NEPA, since it was a donation and not USG property (as noted in September 2009 INL MAV report).

Staff Member Responsibilities

The Deputy Director was assisted in EUM responsibilities by the Senior Police Advisor Thomas Moselle (no longer at Post); the Framework Program Manager Merritt Broady (Tel: 972 2 622 7113); Foreign National employees [Andre Bahbah, Financial Assistant (Tel: 972 2 622 7249), Fadi Abu Saad, General Services Assistant (Tel: 972 2 622 7189), Wael El Sayegh, Engineer (Tel: 972 059 967 1861), and Shehadeh Habash (Tel: 972 2 622-6939); and, United States Security Coordinator (USSC) staff. The FSN personnel and the INL/J Framework Program Manager have unrestricted access to the West Bank and made frequent visits to PA sites to inspect commodities and construction projects provided to the PA.

Other USG Agency Assistance

The INL/J office receives assistance from the USSC staff in conducting periodic (weekly to monthly) working meetings with our clients. During 2009, INL/J and USSC met frequently and regularly with PA counterparts to discuss operations and the status of USG-provided assets. These are ongoing meetings regularly held and carefully documented. Employees of the Consulate General in Jerusalem under COM authority travel to the West Bank with personal security details. Such visits were a mix of scheduled and unscheduled inspections.

Counterpart Agencies

The Ministry of Interior (MOI) Strategic Planning Department (SPD)
The PA National Security Force (NSF)
The PA Presidential Guard (PG) 
The Office of the Attorney General 

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

INL/J conducted more than 30 site visits to various locations in the West Bank throughout 2009; five were scheduled inspections, and 25 were unscheduled inspections. Equipment is located principally in Ramallah, Jericho and Hebron, in the West Bank. INL and/or USSC personnel visited all sites where USG-donated assets were held. Some 70% of the total number of individual equipment items, vehicles, computer and office equipment donated to the PA in 2009 is subject to EUM.

3/16-19/2009 - Jericho
4/27-30/2009 - Jericho
5/18-21/2009 - Jericho
6/15-18/2009 - Ramallah
7/13-16/2009 - Hebron
8/04-06/2009 - Jenin-Nablus-Qalqilya-Tulkarem
9/01-03/2009 - Jenin
10/12-15/2009 - Ramallah and SPD

The number of donated items subject to inspection was 880.  



Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status


As part of the INL/J expansion, an additional staff member responsible for EUM is being hired.  This person and will maintain the Access Data Base as well as perform inspections on 100% of the donated equipment.  For 2009, 30% of donated items were not able to be inspected. 



Status-Commodities

Communications Equipment

MOI - six handheld radios

Computer Equipment

MOI SPD, the MOI Senior Leadership Course (SLC) and the NSF - During 2009, INL donated 83 Laptop computers. The INL/J General Services Clerk FSN conducted inventories on February 9, 2009, March 8, 2009, April 14, 2009, May 21, 2009, and June 16, 2009. He accounted for all equipment which was NEPA bar-coded and noted that all equipment was in good to excellent condition. The inventory list is kept in the INL/J office. The computers are being used to further the mission of the SPD in support of the PA Security Forces (PASF) and for the SLC.

National Security Force (NSF) Second Special Battalion/Jericho- 28 Laptop computers; 24 Laser printers; 10 Canon ink-jet “all in one” printers. All equipment is in good condition and is being used accordingly.

Vehicles

Vehicles donated to the NSF are maintained by the PA in various locations. Each driver is responsible for the cleanliness of the vehicle he is driving and checks the oil and water on a daily basis. The NSF has a system to record vehicle checks and accidents and to track mileage. Most of the vehicles are in good to very good condition, with only a few showing minor damage. One vehicle, however, was totaled in an accident. The vehicles are used in daily operations and to transport personnel. INL conducted inventories on May 21, 2009, June 16, 2009, July 13, 2009, August 6, 2009 and on various other dates, when they would spot check vehicles.

National Security Force
Ford Pickup truck F-150 159
Chevrolet Savanna HD van 7
Chevrolet Aveo sedan 6
Opel Corsa 2
Chevrolet Opta sedan 7
Ford Ambulance Econoline E-351-E355 6
Volvo truck 4
Chevrolet Silverado pickup 36
Ford car sedan 3
VW car sedan 1
Ambulance Ford F-138 6
Isuzu, D-Max pickup truck 64
Chevrolet Savana LWB van 4
Chevrolet Savana van (paddy wagon) 3
Volvo truck, wrecker 2
Opel sedans 4

Office Equipment

INL provided a variety of office equipment – desks, chairs, filing cabinets, bookcases, cell phones and copiers – to SPD personnel. This provides capability for the SPD to fulfill its function in strategic planning and reform within the MOI. As noted above, travel restrictions require INL/J to rely primarily on the INL FSNs for scheduled inspections. The INL Inventory/General Services clerk performed a 100% inventory of the equipment on February 13, 2009. He accounted for all equipment and found that all was in good condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

National Security Force (NSF) – 18 digital cameras, 6 Entry snake cameras, 20 camcorders, 6 DVR monitors, 9 televisions, 9 video recorders, 9 megaphones, 21 metal detectors, 3 Spotter binoculars, and one Canon digital camera were donated. All are in good to excellent condition.

Status-Services

Construction Services

Construction was started in 2008 on the NSF Operations Camp in Jericho. Since that time, the project has expanded substantially, with projects in various stages of completion for:

Presidential Guard Jericho Training College – Substantially completed
NSF Jericho Operations Camp – 85% complete
Nuweihmah Training Camp – 45% complete
NSF Jenin Operations Camp – 5% complete
Interim Operations Camp – Tubas – under design
SPD Expanded Offices & Training Hub – 98% complete
NSF Hebron Building Renovation – under design
NSF Tulkarem Muqata’a – under design
Bethlehem Joint Operations Centers (JOC) – under design

The USG provided the funding for host country contracting for these construction projects to the PA Ministry of Finance under the Framework Agreement, which was signed by the US Secretary of State and the Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority. After an open and competitive bidding process, the PA enters into contracts with local construction companies to complete the respective construction project. INL/J has one AMCIT contractor engineer who is acting as Program Manager and an FSN civil engineer on loan from USAID; both monitor the bidding and construction, helping to ensure effectiveness and transparency. Under the EUM program, these individuals conduct routine site visits to ensure construction is proceeding in accordance with the terms of the PA-awarded contracts.

Program Impact


The NSF and PG units trained, equipped and garrisoned using INCLE funding have performed extremely well in keeping order under trying circumstances and continue to win praise for their professionalism and effectiveness. Their presence is considered a necessary pre-condition to any “Two State” solution.

Office Equipment

This equipment helps to develop the basic infrastructure needed to manage governmental programs effectively. The PA is moving on several fronts to modernize and streamline operations. This would not be possible without the equipment provided by INL/J and other donors.

Vehicles

The provision of vehicles enables the PASF to mobilize and conduct operations throughout the West Bank, increasing its operational scope. INL-provided vehicles were used extensively during 2009.

Support to SPD

The SPD project began in 2008 as a means to develop the MOI’s broad strategic planning capabilities. The office furniture, office equipment and staff support given through USSC/INL assistance provides the MOI with the platform needed to support the strategic and logistical planning for the entire PA Security Forces. In 2009, INL/J greatly expanded its project support to the SPD.

Construction

The number of projects involving the construction of camps, training sites and offices also expanded greatly in 2009. These projects will each contribute to the expansion of the MOI’s capabilities to establish itself as a sustainable institution capable of providing the security needed for the future Palestinian state.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

INL/J generally does not support the repair and maintenance of equipment, beyond OEM warranties for IT equipment, which is fairly new and has had no serious problems to date. The NSF has vehicle maintenance facilities in the camps and seems to be doing an adequate job of maintain the vehicles.

Customs Delays

Delays in clearing imports of donated items out of GOI Customs have been a major obstacle to smooth project implementation. The delays involved often extend many months, even years. INL/J and USSC are working to resolve these issues, and some progress has been made. USSC, INL, the Embassy and the Department have all been kept aware of the status of shipments and are involved in urging the GOI to be more flexible and cooperative in the clearing of these imported items. The communications gear was stuck in Customs throughout the period covered by this report and Post worked continuously to get it released.

Construction Delays

A major obstacle to smooth implementation of the program is the delays associated with identifying appropriate land and securing corresponding GOI approval for construction projects. There is a shortage of land appropriate for the building of sizable garrison projects; once located, the GOI then often refuses to concur. This hurdle has severely delayed the creation of new garrison operations camps, causing the provision of housing to lag far behind the speed with which USSC/INL can train and equip battalions. USSC and INL are working with the PASF to define new approaches to avoid this recurring problem.

Inventory Management System

The inventory of donated items used in most of 2009 consisted of an Excel spreadsheet into which the FSN Office Manager and the Procurement and Administrative Assistants entered data manually. This spreadsheet served the basic purpose of tracking the items, but it was cumbersome, especially when retrieving data or creating reports. INL/J began the transition to an INL-standard Access EUM database in 2009 and will expand its use in the future. INL/J is also working with USSC and the MOI to encourage the creation of an adequate ministry-wide database utilizing bar coding that can supplement INL/J’s own record-keeping.

Staffing

As INL/J takes over more and more of the logistical burden of the PA programs, there will be a concomitant need to increase staffing. Currently the level of staffing is severely limited by the office space available to INL/J. In 2009, the INL MAV supported the notion to accelerate the process of seeking new office space in a commercial building, to allow for an increase in administrative support staff. By end-2009, a possible property was identified, and the process of determining its suitability is underway. When INL moves into new office space, it will be able to increase its administrative staff, including adding additional budget and procurement personnel.

KIEV

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Dorothy Mayhew, Head of Law Enforcement Section (LES), 380 44 490-4266, email: MayhewD@state.gov
Tetyana Voznyuk, LES Training Program Assistant, 380 44 490-4396, fax: 380 44 490-4081 or email: VoznyukT@state.gov

Inventory System

All the information is currently maintained in paper files, based on reporting from implementers and LES Section. Post continues to research various formats for electronic data storage, and plans to have an electronic database of equipment on line by the end of FY2010, using best practices from other missions. Presently, a record of monitoring trips is kept on a project-by-project basis, and this too, will be placed on-line.

Staff Member Responsibilities

LES Section head and three Program Management Assistants conduct on-site inspections throughout the year to verify that the donated equipment is being used by recipients. Customs clearances, disposal of equipment, and conducting inventories are all carried out the project implementers, i.e. other agencies or international organizations. These implementers of INL-funded projects review the use of donated equipment during the life of respective projects or afterward where they continue to work with the recipients on implementing subsequent projects. However, all of these processes are overseen and sometimes facilitated by Law Enforcement Section staff.

Other U.S. Agency Assistance

EXBS, DOJ/ICITAP, DOJ/OPDAT, DHS/FLETC. Responsibility for end user monitoring is clearly spelled out in Inter-Agency Agreements with DOJ/ICITAP and DHS/FLETC. Whenever possible, EXBS and DTRO have undertaken review of equipment when visiting cities and facilities that contain INL-purchased equipment.

Counterpart Agencies

Ministry of Interior of Ukraine (MOI)
The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine (SBGS)
State Department of Intellectual Property (SDIP)

Receipt

The legal framework for all donated items is provided for under the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Ukraine on Law Enforcement Assistance of December 9, 2002, and subsequent annual Protocols outlining new projects. For each specific donation, donated items are listed in a donation/acceptance letter which is signed by the donating party and the receiving party.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

Donated resources are mostly monitored through unscheduled on-site inspections coinciding in time with program related visits or trips. Dates and number of inspections are not recorded. There were approximately ten inspections conducted in the last year. Inspections were carried out in Kiev, Cherkassy, Khmelnytskyy, Lviv, Zhytomyr, Chernihiv, Sumy and Ivano-Frankivsk. Inspections are not conducted in a specific formal format, but rather constitute a visual review of the donated equipment at the recipient’s premises. One hundred percent of equipment donated in the past three years has been verified by INL staff or implementers within the last 12 months. Non-expendable equipment donated more than two years ago is verified occasionally either through visual review, or written request to recipient to provide updated information.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Discussions were held occasionally where feasible, and specifically where there are questions about the location and usage of donated items. Approximately 40 percent (40%) of the commodities were monitored through discussions with host government personnel.

Status-Commodities

INL funded project commodities information listed below concerns equipment donated in 2009. Previous end user monitoring reports outline equipment donated in prior years.

Computer Equipment

Equipment provided to the Ukrainian Ministry of Interior Forensic Center of the Ukrainian Ministry of Interior and the State Department of Intellectual Property under the ICITAP Project “Strengthening the Ministry of Interior Digital Forensic Capabilities to Support Criminal Investigations”: AB 3130 Genetic Analyzer HID-1, Gene Mapper ID plus Sequence Analysis HID -1, HDD WD 3.5 SATA II and other computer equipment. Total Value: $114,687.55.

The donated equipment is located in Kiev and is used to increase technical capacities within the agency. All equipment is in excellent condition.

Equipment provided to the State Department of Intellectual Property under Ministry of Education and Science under the ICITAP Project “Strengthening Law Enforcement Capacity in Investigating Violations of IPR” included: Laptop Dell Latitude D360 - 12, Digital Projector - 2, HP ScanJet 5590 Digital Flatbed Scanner - 5, Sony DCR DVD 610 Hybrid DVD Camcorder - 1, Video Player Archos 605 Wi-Fi - 2, Archos DVR Station GENS - 2, Work Station Dell Precision T3400 - 1, Monitor Dell 24 TFT 2408 WFP Black - 1, Server Dell Precision T3400 - 1, Monitor Dell 17 TFT 178FP - 1, Other computer accessories. Total Value: $42,003.63.

Equipment provided to the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine Central Communication Department under the ICITAP Project “Development of Software and Hardware Infrastructure in Order to Strengthen Working Potential of SBGS” included: Data Storage Sun StorageTek 2540 FC Array (fully equipped) - 1, Universal Rack Sun StorEdge 2500 2U - 2, Hard Drive 300GB 15Krpm SAS 3.5" - 4, Storage Sun StorageTek 2501 SAS Expansion Array (fully equipped) - 1, Security Network Switch P12-2, 16 channels, 2U - 6, UPA PW9125 1500VA - 6, Rack 19" ROF-33-60/80 33U 600x800 - 6. Total Value: USD 67,060.72.

The donated equipment is located in Kiev and is used for the SBGS Central Communication Department. All equipment is in excellent condition.

Equipment provided to the State Border Guard Service under the International Organization of Migration (IOM) – implemented Project ARCA included; Desktop Computers – 21, Scanners – 32, Server Sun Sparc Enterprise T5120 – 1, Air conditioners – 36, Software, Networking equipment, Plotters, projectors, screens, Flash memory cards. Total Value: USD 511,660.26.

The equipment is located at SBGS Administration in Kiev, regional directorates and field office through Ukraine. The equipment is used by risk and criminal analysts, trainers and students at training centers properly. All equipment is in excellent condition.

Equipment provided to the Cyber-Crime Unit of the Anti-Trafficking Department of the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine under the ABA/ROLI-implemented project, “Building the Capacity of Investigative Department of the MOI on Trafficking in Persons” included: Computer – 1, Smart UPA – 1, Printer – 1, Lap top – 1, Monitor – 8, Chair – 16, Safe -4, Office desks – 3, other computer and office equipment. Total Value: ~ USD 24,603 (at 8 UAH/$), 196,827.00 Ukraine Hryvnya.

The equipment is located in Kiev and is used by MOI Anti-TIP specialists. All equipment is in excellent condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Equipment provided to the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine under the project implemented by Resident Training Adviser, FLETC included: Gym Mats – 28, Blauer Suit – 1, Shock knives – 4, Training Batons – 24, Paintball equipment, other training equipment, Total Value: $17,150.90. The donated equipment is located in Cherkassy and is used for training at the SBGS Basic Training Center. All equipment is in excellent condition.

Vehicles

There are no INL-funded vessels, aircrafts or weapons to monitor in Ukraine. The vehicle Jeep Cherokee, version Sport, made in 2000, donated to SBGS Training Center in 2007 was inventoried 3 times. The vehicle is used properly and in good condition.

SBGS Training Center
Jeep Cherokee 1


Status-Services

There were no construction projects administered by LES in this reporting period. INL Section does not undertake any narcotics or trafficking demand reduction specific projects in Ukraine. Other Professional Services, as appropriate.

Program Impact

The Genetic Analyzer was used to successfully identify a serial killer accused of murdering over a dozen women. Existing equipment did not have the level of detailed analysis necessary to identify the blood type based on sample levels.

The equipment provided to the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine Central Communication Department under the ICITAP Project is part of a multi-donor, multi-year drive to equip the State Border Guard Service with the capacity to undertake European-standard risk analysis and to improve their technical capabilities in criminal analysis.

The equipment provided to the Cyber-Crime Unit of the Anti-Trafficking Department of the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine under the ABA/ROLI-implemented project, enabled MOI FC staff to increase the quality and quantity of computer information analyzed during investigation of criminal cases, including a recent case of child pornography that resulted in life imprisonment for two British subjects in the UK.

All training equipment is being actively used by the State Border Guard Service to train personnel at the basic training facility. Use of this equipment and the change in training tactics to include live simulations and role plays has resulted in more appropriately prepared and trained personnel at the border. In addition, the prestige of the service has increased, as evidenced by an increase in applicants.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Unmonitored Resources

Post has not been able to systematically visit all resources donated since the beginning of the program. Post hopes over the next 12 months to compile a more accessible database and to review the status of items donated more than three years ago, to assess what has expired, etc.

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

Maintenance of equipment remains an issue on a number of projects, and has been exacerbated by the economic crisis, and budget cuts in recipient agencies. INL LEA Head and ICITAP are working with the SBU and the MOI to create sustainable maintenance plans to address issues of computer maintenance being delayed due to personnel changes or finding shortfalls.

Lack of Use and Misuse of Commodities

No reported misuse within the reporting period, although computers and equipment donated in 2008 to the MOI to equip a training room are being used by quality managers, as the MOI never renovated the required room.

PODGORICA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Ljiljana Pejovic, Tel 382-0 67-283-080, bolilly@t-com.me
Marcus Micheli, Tel 373-22408952, MicheliMR@state.gov 

Inventory System

ICITAP inventory system consists of an Excel record keeping database. Once equipment is procured through Prime Contractor, MPRI, Inc., it is entered into the database. The Equipment is identified by type/description, value, serial number, receiving agency and location.

When items are received they are inventoried against the shipping manifest. MPRI is notified via an Inspection and Acceptance report signed by the Program Manager, which is tied to an internal audit number, further tied to specific projects for accounting purposes.

Staff Member Responsibilities

The ICITAP Program Manager has overall responsibility for End Use Monitoring.

The Senior Program Advisor provides oversight to and works in conjunction with ICITAP Program Assistant, who is responsible for maintaining accurate records. The SPA and PA conduct periodic scheduled and unscheduled inspections.

Counterpart Agencies

Police Directorate of Montenegro
Police Academy of Montenegro
Forensic Laboratory Montenegro
Customs Administration

Receipt

The ICITAP Program manager provides MPRI, Inc. with an official letter advising them to release certain items to the recipient, to make a record of the donation and maintain receipts. ICITAP maintains donation letters for equipment donated to host government agencies that provide donation details and signed by recipient agency chief or his designee.

Monitoring Procedures

There were twelve (12) on-site inspections at eight locations.

On-Site Inspections

02/27/2009 - Forensic Laboratory, Danilovgrad
02/17/2008 - Police Academy, Danilovgrad
04/27/2009 - Police Station, Berane, Rozaje
04/28/2009 - Police Station, Andrijevica, Plav, Gusinje
05/06/2009 - Police Station, Bar and Ulcinj
05/11/2009 - Police Station, Bijelo Polje, Pljevlia
06/24/2009 - Forensic Laboratory, Danilovgrad
06/24/2009 - Police Academy, Danilovgard
07/25/2009 - Police Station, Herceg Novi
07/26/2009 - Police Station, Kotor
11/11/2009 - Forensic Laboratory, Danilovgrad
12/08/2009 - Police Academy, Danilovard

One hundred fifty (150) items were subject to inspected. One hundred forty-three (143) or 95 % were personally inspected.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

The ICITAP Adviser periodically and regularly discussed the usage and condition of donated equipment with Police Directorate personnel as well as with the Forensic Laboratory staff.

Status-Commodities

Forensic Equipment

Foster and Freeman VSC-4 XS Document Examination Instrument - Located at the Forensic Lab, the instruments are used to inspect documents and bank notes. Currently the device is in need of repair due to a software problem.

AFIS Automated Fingerprint Identification System (consists of the main database located at the Forensics Laboratory and seven remote stations throughout the country). There have been two system upgrades to the database to increase search capabilities. The Main AFIS Unit is permanently installed at the Forensics Laboratory and the remaining units are located at remote stations. Podgorica and Bar terminals have database search capabilities. System overall is in good condition.

Two Leica Stereo Microscopes and one Leica Comparison Microscope are located at the Forensic Laboratory and are used to detect trace materials on tools; gunshot residue and DNA analysis. All devices are in good condition and used daily.

Mideo Microscope is located at the Forensic Laboratory and is used for shoe print traces. The device is in good condition and used on a regular basis.

Ion Scanner Device is stationed at the Forensic Laboratory and is used for the detection of explosives. The device is in good condition and used on a regular basis.

In 2006, four metal detectors were donated. One is located at the Forensics Laboratory and the remaining three were sent to the field.

Computer Equipment

Three Desktop computers located at the Forensics Laboratory are in good condition and used regularly.

Twenty (20) desktop computers were donated to the Community Policing Program in Montenegro in 2009. They were subsequently distributed to both large and small communities throughout the country. Police Officers use the computers for filing daily reports and communicating with local citizens.

Twenty (20) desktop computers were donated to the Community Policing Program in Montenegro in 2009. They were subsequently distributed to both large and small communities throughout the country. Police Officers use the computers for filing daily reports and communicating with local citizens.

Firearms Laser Beam Systems (FATS)

Three (3) Fire-Arms Laser Beam Systems (FATS) were donated to the Police Department in 2007. During the last scheduled visit, it was found that the FATS systems had not yet been distributed as planned and remained in a Special Operations Unit’s storage facility. Soon after the ICITAP visit however, it was reported that the 2 FATS units were delivered to the assigned locations of Bijelo Polje and Bar. The third unit remained at the Special Operations Unit, where it is in excellent condition and used for regularly for Police Officer training.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Fifteen Digital Cameras Fuji Pro S-20 were donated in 2006. Thirteen units were sent to the field stations of Podgorica, Niksic, Bar, Budva, Herceg Novi, Pljevlja, Bijelo Polje and Berane. One camera was sent to service several smaller substations. Two cameras remained at the lab. Of the fifteen, twelve cameras are in good condition and three are in need of repair.

Seven UV lamps were donated to the above towns, one per each local police station. Lamps are in good condition.

Twenty Latent Print Kits were distributed to the 7 police stations. The kits are used for the collection of fingerprints.

Expendable supplies: 500 Narco Pouch Kits – equal quantities were delivered to each of police stations throughout the country. Narco Pouch Kits are used for drug type identification.

Expendable supplies - 40 DNA Swab boxes distributed to the field units and are in use by crime scene technicians.

Nineteen Pop-n-Fume portable chambers were donated to both large and small police stations throughout the country. Chambers are reported to be used and in fairly good condition.

A Fire-Arms Laser Beam System (FATS) was donated in 2006 to the Police Academy. The system is in good condition and is used by students during their scheduled firearms training classes.

Police Academy and Special Anti-Terrorism Units - Each received two drug display boards that are used for Police Officer training.

Customs Department of Montenegro - Drug Display Board kits were distributed for use at the border checkpoints. The kits are used in Customs Officers training. ICITAP did not conduct on-site inspections at these locations. Information from border representatives confirmed the boards are presently on display at the customs stations. All 18 Drug Display Boards are in good condition.

Twenty six rechargeable maglites – were distributed to the 8 field stations. They are in good conditions and used.

Seven Crime Scene kits - were distributed to seven police stations. Podgorica, Niksic, Bar, Herceg Novi, Pljevlja, Bijelo Polje and Berane each received one kit. Kits are used for processing crime scene evidence and are in fairly good condition.

A simultaneous Interpretation System was donated to the Police Academy in Danilovgrad in 2006. It is used frequently for translation purposes and is in good condition.

ICITAP also assisted the Forensic Laboratory by funding three annual maintenance fees and upgraded software for the AFIS system in 20077, 2008 and 2009.

Status-Services

Construction Projects

ICITAP assisted the Montenegrin Police Academy renovate the student dormitory building at the academy compound in Danilovgrad in 2009. Project is 100% completed.

Program Impact

ICITAP conducted trainings to help police officers and prosecutors combat trafficking of drugs; tackle organized crime cases; reduce school violence problems and increase community involvement. ICITAP engaged Law Enforcement Agencies to implement existing laws; improve capabilities of police officers to use undercover techniques; assisted in the formation of a Task Force Model used to combat a variety of Organized Crime activities.

Forensic Lab Assistance

With use of AFIS System (Automated Fingerprint Identification System) donated by ICITAP Program, the Forensic Laboratory resolved a total of 405 cases. Initially they identified perpetrators in approximately 60 cases per year. After receiving the AFIS System, the rate increased to 130 cases per year. An increase in identification rate of over 100% per year.

Police Academy Dormitory

The donations significantly improved the living conditions at the Academy for both new recruits and in-service officers. It directly impacted officers and students’ motivation to successfully complete training and increase their skills.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Repair and Maintenance of Commodities

Maintenance of the AFIS System located at the Forensic Laboratory in Danilovgrad continues to be a problem for laboratory technicians. One reason is its complexity, coupled with the lack of English language skills of individuals working with it on a daily basis and those maintaining it. Another issue reported, is the technicians’ dissatisfaction with the AFIX Technologies Help Desk officers who once contacted, either reply late or not at all. An oversight in this donation was not clearly defining the responsibilities of the donor and the recipient agency concerning the maintenance of the system. The high cost of annually upgrading the system has caused dissatisfaction with the Police Department who has a very limited budget. ICITAP will encourage Government representatives to allocate additional funds in their annual budget for the maintenance of the AFIS.

The Foster and Freeman VSC-4 XS Document Examination system does not work due to a software problem. ICITAP will coordinate activities on its repair.

Seven of the Drug Display Boards donated to Police stations at the field sites are not affixed. They are removed when not in use. ICITAP reminded them of this requirement and received assurance that the situation would be rectified. ICITAP will conduct unscheduled visits to monitor compliance.

Lack of Use and Misuse of Commodities

Two donated FATS systems delivered to Bijelo Polje and Bar are still not operational. ICITAP will closely monitor the progress.

RIGA

Background

EUM Program Coordinator

Kelly Busby, Political/Economic Officer, Tel: 371-6703-6278, busbykh@sate.gov

Inventory System

As post’s distribution of resources within Latvia is limited, inventory tracking is confined to an annual, visual review, and update of a Word document, performed by the Regional Security Officer.

Staff Member EUM Responsibilities

Jeff Lefler, Regional Security Officer, and Matthew Lappe, Assistant Regional Security Officer has overall responsibility for contact with most Latvian law enforcement agencies. Dinar Lubins, FSNI, assistant to RSO; Kelly Busby, Responsible for compilation of End Use Monitoring Report. Arrived at post August 2009.

Other U.S. Agency Assistance

None

Counterpart Agencies

Latvian State Police
Latvian Police College of State Police
Anti-Corruption Bureau (KNAB)

Receipt

Documentation of use and receipt of equipment is done through a MOU.

Monitoring Procedures

On-site Inspections

02/28/2010 Police College of State Police

The total number of items subject to inspection is five (5). The percentage of donated items personally inspected is 100%.

Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status

Comparison of records.

Status-Commodities

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment was donated to upgrade the headquarters State Police Information Bureau and its headquarters offices. Post has confirmed that all computer donations made under INL program funding are now a minimum of nine years old and have reached the end of their useful. life. They will be no longer be monitored.

Surveillance Equipment

The Regional DEA Office provided training on the equipment to both the State Police and the Anti-Corruption Bureau. Spot checks indicated that this equipment is rarely being used as intended. All equipment is in good condition and accounted for.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The Latvian Police are using the following equipment for its intended purpose: night vision equipment, fibroscopes contraband detectors, pinhole cameras, video cameras, analytical software, gas chromatograph, and genetic analyzer. All items are in good condition; the genetic analyzer is used as a back-up since it is an older model.

Classroom Equipment was donated to the Latvian Police college of the State Police. The room is used for conferences and will be used for police college courses. All of the equipment is in good condition and is accounted for.

Program Impact

Surveillance Equipment

All equipment continues to be coordinated into operational activities and is considered effective by the Latvian Police. The equipment provided by the USG to the Latvian law enforcement supports Embassy Riga’s mission objective to help professionalize and increase capabilities of Latvian law enforcement agencies.

Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)

Unmonitored Resources

Computer equipment was sent to the Organized Crime Section in Valka/Daugavpils. Specific computer equipment cannot be located. This Crime Section received donations in the late 90’s and it is unclear to the current staff which computer post was be referring to. The individual who helped make the donation has retired and is unable to verify where the computer is located. Post believes, however, that the computer is no longer in use because technology is obsolete.

[Part II: Sarajevo through Zagreb]



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