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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

FY 2010 Program and Budget Guide: Europe


Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
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Turkey

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2008 Actual

FY 2009 Actual

FY 2010 Request

298

300

500

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators

  • Improved drug seizures and dismantling of criminal networks.

Reduction in flow of illicit drugs and other contraband to and through Turkey both through increased seizures and active deterrence.

  • Increase in successful organized crime investigations and prosecutions.

Improved professionalism and capacity of law enforcement.

  • Improved capacity to prevent and to treat drug abuse, especially among youth.

Reduction in drug abuse among Turkey’s youth, and increase in success rates of Turkey’s drug treatment programs.

Program Justification

Turkey is an active member of NATO, a committed partner in the global war on terrorism, and long-time U.S. partner in combating international drug trafficking. U.S. support for Turkey’s political and economic reform agenda is critical as the Government of Turkey continues to pursue membership in the European Union, a goal the United States strongly supports. The U.S. Administration has placed great emphasis on partnership with the Government of Turkey to advance our key foreign policy priorities in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, and the broader Middle East. President Obama and Secretary Clinton each included Ankara among their first official international visits in early 2009.

Due to its strategic geographic location, its extensive coastline, active ports and proximity to Europe, Turkey is a major transshipment point for illicit drugs heading to Europe both from the east – principally Afghan heroin – and from Africa and Latin America. Turkey also faces substantial problems relating to commercial and other forms of smuggling, illegal migration – including the movement of transnational terrorists – through its territory. The profits from these illicit enterprises may provide revenue sources to terrorists. These criminal activities serve to undermine the rule of law, lead to corruption of public officials, and weaken Turkish institutions. Turkey’s future stability, security, and economic development rest, in great measure, on its effectiveness in strengthening the rule of law and confronting drug trafficking, organized crime, and terrorism. The prospect of EU membership increases both the opportunity for improvements and the pressing need for such advances.

Improved investigative and enforcement capacity and enhanced cooperation with key international partners will directly advance U.S. Peace and Security objectives. As a major ally in the war on terrorism, the integrity and professionalism of Turkey’s security and law enforcement agencies are critical to the ability of U.S. counterpart agencies to work effectively with them and exchange information. In addition, these programs indirectly support Democracy and Good Governance and Economic objectives by promoting rule of law, combating corruption, and facilitating legitimate economic growth and investment –all essential to Turkey’s goal of eventually joining the European Union.

Program Accomplishments

The U.S. and Turkey have a long history of close cooperation in combating transnational organized crime, especially drug trafficking. Turkey has among the world’s highest rates of drug seizures. With the support of the U.S. and the United Nations, Turkey established in 2000 the Turkish Academy to Combat Drugs and Organized Crime (TADOC), which not only serves as a training center for Turkish law enforcement personnel, but also supports training for personnel from other countries in the region. In early 2007, TADOC hosted a pilot training activity involving counter-drug unit commanders from both Turkey and Afghanistan aimed at establishing a closer working relationship between the two countries to combat the flow of heroin from Afghanistan through Turkey to Western Europe and the Americas. TADOC continued to play host to police officials from a wide array of countries, especially those from Southeastern Europe and the Black Sea regions.

FY 2010 Program

While the U.S. has provided limited training and technical assistance to the GOT in recent years, e.g., through the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) in Budapest or at the TADOC Academy, the Department of State had no formal cooperative program in place from 2000 until 2008. Within the framework of a bilateral agreement reached in 2006 to enhance the effectiveness of the U.S.-Turkey relationship, the two governments pledged to work together on countering terrorism and crime. The two governments agreed to institute regular meetings to establish expert groups on law enforcement issues of mutual concern. The Department proposes to use these FY 2010 resources to support that engagement, including reestablishment of a counternarcotics program to promote more effective bilateral and regional cooperation.

Funding would also be used to build on joint Turkish-Afghan counterdrug training initiated in 2007, as well as expand the outreach to other key partners as appropriate, e.g., investigative agencies from Southeastern Europe. Training and technical assistance, provided by DEA and/or other training experts will be directed at Turkish counter-drug, customs, and other law enforcement entities on border control and detection techniques at land and sea ports of entry. Funding would also be made available for training and programs related to drug abuse prevention and treatment of drug addiction, a growing problem in Turkey. Funding will cover training costs, travel costs for trainee travel for third-country trainees or for Turkish personnel when training is provided outside Turkey.

Program Development and Support

Funds will be used to pay for TDY assistance, travel, and other general administrative and operating expenses for program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

Turkey

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2008

FY 2008

Supp

FY 2009

FY 2010

Counternarcotics - Interdiction

263

-

110

400

Security Sector Reform

-

-

100

-

Drug Demand Reduction

-

-

65

75

Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel

-

-

-

-

Non-U.S. Personnel

-

-

-

-

ICASS Costs

-

-

-

-

Program Support

35

-

25

25

SubTotal

35

-

25

25

Total

298

-

300

500



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