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FY 2011 Program and Budget Guide: East Asia and the Pacific


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Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
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Cambodia

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
- - 670

Program Overview

Cambodia continues to face many institutional weaknesses that threaten to undermine its progress as a stable country. Cambodian law enforcement capacity remains quite low and the country faces growing narcotics production, trafficking, and consumption problems. Corruption remains pervasive in Cambodia, making it highly vulnerable to penetration by drug traffickers and foreign crime syndicates. U.S. assistance will combat narcotics trafficking and crime through targeted technical assistance to strengthen Cambodia’s law enforcement institutions and personnel.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Cambodia program supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan priority of Peace and Security toward transforming Cambodia from a source of instability to effective regional partner, and INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goals of Building Criminal Justice Systems and Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: Provide reform-based assistance to law enforcement sectors to promote transparency and build capacities to deter and prevent national and transnational security threats, in a manner consistent with the rule of law, international human rights standards, and internationally accepted management practices.

Objective 2: Reduce avenues for transnational crime and illegal commerce by improving security force management and operational capacities.

FY 2011 Program

Law Enforcement

A Law Enforcement Advisor will provide technical assistance, advice, and training on fundamental capacity and capacity building on topics including, but not limited to, basic police training and restructuring and reform operations. This advisor will work with Embassy Phnom Penh’s Law Enforcement Working Group, the Political section, the Regional Security Office, the FBI’s resident Legal Attaché, and the Office of Defense Cooperation Chief, as well as INL’s Regional Transnational Crime Affairs Office (TCAS) in the American Embassy, Bangkok to coordinate USG assistance. This is a new initiative.

Cambodia

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Law Enforcement - - 655
Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel - - -
Non-U.S. Personnel - - -
ICASS Costs - - -
Program Support - - 15
SubTotal - - 15
Total - - 670

China

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
600 800 850

Program Overview

Over the past twenty years, China’s political system has undergone serious and fundamental changes. China’s efforts to establish a legal framework consistent with rule-of-law principles have prompted a vigorous and open debate within China’s judicial, scholarly, and policy communities about possible future reforms. The United States’ interest in China stems not only from its vast economic and political influence in East Asia-Pacific, South Central Asia and beyond, but also from the massive flow of precursor chemicals that are diverted for illicit use from within its borders, a desire to increase law enforcement cooperation as part of the U.S.-China Joint Liaison Group, and ongoing concerns about human rights that draw the regular attention of the U.S. Government and the international community.

Program Goals and Objectives

The China program supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan priorities of Promoting Human Rights and Religious Freedom and Support for U.S. Policies and Values and INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: To promote criminal justice sector reform.

Objective 2: To increase awareness of U.S. policies, practices, and legal frameworks to enhance understanding and facilitate increased law enforcement cooperation.

FY 2011 Program

Criminal Justice Sector Reform

A Legal Advisor will work to promote criminal law reform, professionalize the criminal justice system, and enhance U.S.-PRC law enforcement cooperation by meeting with law enforcement personnel, prosecutors, and judges, as well as non-governmental actors such as law students, professors, private attorneys, and other legal experts, to enhance understanding of the U.S. legal system and criminal procedures. This is an ongoing program.

China

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Criminal Justice Sector
Reform/Resident Legal Advisor
600 775 825
Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel - - -
Non-U.S. Personnel - - -
ICASS Costs - - -
Program Support - 25 25
SubTotal - 25 25
Total 600 800 850


East Asia and Pacific Regional

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
1,300 1,300

Program Overview

Throughout the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region, porous borders, long cultural traditions of smuggling, expansive and largely unpatrolled maritime routes, abundant valuable natural resources, and under-funded law enforcement institutions create conditions under which domestic, regional and international criminals flourish. It is also a situation conducive to the free movement of terrorists. In order to effectively counter cross-border crime, police and other security forces in the region must work together more effectively, sharing information and supporting each other’s operational efforts. There is a clear and primary need to strengthen cooperation among law enforcement officials in the region, including through the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and to build regional and sub-regional law enforcement capacity to interdict illegally trafficked goods, substances, and people, effectively investigate cases, counter terrorism, and dismantle organized crime syndicates. The best way to accomplish this is to expand the successful International Law Enforcement Academy model of basic to intermediate law enforcement instruction in the form of a moveable program capable of training considerably larger numbers of officers in each country coupled with robust cross-border liaison components in the curriculum.

Program Goals and Objectives

The EAP Regional program supports the EAP’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goal of meeting security challenges in Asia through strengthened treaty alliances and partnerships and the INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: To disrupt and suppress the movement of illicit goods throughout Southeast Asia, including narcotics and other contraband, some of which is ultimately destined for the United States.

Objective 2: To facilitate cooperation among law enforcement agencies in Southeast Asia to help them address cross-border crime, as well as to enhance the security and stability of the ASEAN sub-region and EAP region more broadly.

Objective 3: To combat corruption within and among law enforcement agencies.

FY 2011 Program

Peace and Security

The Peace and Security Project builds regional countries’ capacities to combat transnational security threats posed by terrorism and illicit cross-border trafficking of narcotics and other contraband, as well as money laundering, trafficking in persons and organized crime, through training, technical assistance and equipment donations. This is an ongoing project.


East Asia and the Pacific Regional

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Peace and Security - 1,250 1,250
Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel - - -
Non-U.S. Personnel - - -
ICASS Costs - - -
Program Support - 50 50
SubTotal - 50 50
Total - 1,300 1,300

Indonesia

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
6,150 11,570 11,570

Program Overview

Indonesia is a strategic partner for the United States with growing regional and global influence. Indonesia is also home to the terrorist group Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), and has been the target of several deadly terrorist attacks over the past decade. Since the start of INL assistance in 2000, the Government of Indonesia has embraced institutional reform of its law enforcement organizations and criminal justice system. The continued development of an effective civilian police force and support for prosecutorial and judicial reform will ensure Indonesia remains a key partner for the United States in combating transnational crime and terrorism.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Indonesia program supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan priority of Peace and Security and INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goals of Building Criminal Justice Systems and Counternarcotics.

Objective 1: To help law enforcement institutions build capacity to combat maritime threats, conduct investigations, respond to manmade and natural disasters, develop policies in line with international standards, enhance training curricula and protect human rights.

Objective 2: To assist prosecutors in cooperating with law enforcement to prosecute cases of terrorism, transnational crime, corruption and environmental crime.

Objective 3: To disrupt the movement of illicit drugs through Indonesia.

FY 2011 Program

Law Enforcement Support

Maritime Security Project builds Indonesian National Police’s (INP) capacity in maritime, port and border security through training, technical assistance and equipment donations. This is an ongoing project.

Criminal Investigative Division (CID) Project provides training, technical assistance and equipment donations to build sustainable INP capacity to investigate transnational crimes and terrorism. This is an ongoing project.

Leadership and Management Project trains senior and mid-level INP officers to effectively manage the organization. This is an ongoing project.

National Training and Curriculum Project supports the reform, standardization and integration of the INP curriculum to develop highly skilled entry-level officers at all positions. This is an ongoing project.

Forensics Project builds capacity within various INP units to collect and evaluate forensic evidence. This is an ongoing project.

Standard Emergency Management System (SEMS) Project trains law enforcement officials to respond to manmade or natural disasters. This is an ongoing project.

Criminal Justice Sector Reform

Legal Advisors will assist in implementing a new criminal procedure code to move the Indonesian criminal justice system to a more adversarial, transparent and evidence-based system, while supporting efforts by Attorney General’s Office to prosecute terrorists, combat corruption, and curb environmental crimes. This is an ongoing project.

Counternarcotics Assistance Program

Counternarcotics Project will provide training, equipment and technical assistance on various topics that will build capacity of counternarcotics law enforcement officials to combat the drug trade. This is an ongoing project.

Indonesia

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Law Enforcement Support 4,180 8,595 8,570
Criminal Justice Sector Reform Program 1,500 2,500 2,500
Counternarcotics Assistance Program 450 450 475
Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel - - -

Non-U.S. Personnel - - -

ICASS Costs - - -

Program Support 20 25 25

SubTotal 20 25 25
Total 6,150 11,570 11,570

Laos

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
1,000 1,000 1,500

Program Overview

Laos, until recently the world’s third largest producer of opium, has reduced cultivation to historically low levels by Laos’ standards. However, the last several years have seen noticeable increases in opium cultivation. In addition, after years of steady declines in opium addiction, the number of addicts remains high, and abuse of amphetamine-type substances (ATS) has proliferated throughout Laos in recent years.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Laos program supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan priority of Combat Illicit Trafficking and Crime, and INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goals of Counternarcotics and Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: Significantly disrupt the movement of illicit drugs from Laos to the United States by reducing the total amount of opium cultivation.

Objective 2: Assist criminal justice sector institutions to investigate and prosecute drug traffickers.

Objective 3: Assist addicts in receiving effective treatment, rehabilitation, occupational therapy and after care services to reduce the demand for drugs in Laos.

FY 2011 Program

Narcotics Law Enforcement

Narcotics Law Enforcement Project will expand Lao provincial and district police knowledge of current trafficking methods, capabilities, investigation techniques, and the use of simple technology to make them more effective and reliable partners for U.S. law enforcement in combating narcotics trafficking. The project will also work with the Lao Customs Department to improve the interdiction of opium parcels shipments to the United States. This is an ongoing project.

The Office of the Supreme Prosecutors (OOSP) Project will increase the capacity of OOSP and its training institute to be more effective in training provincial prosecutors to execute their roles in the Lao criminal prosecution and legal process. This will improve the skills of provincial prosecutors to conduct effective criminal prosecutions and coordinate with police investigators, the judiciary, and increase the role for defense attorneys in the criminal justice system. This is an ongoing project.

Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction

Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction Project will implement a modern media campaign and innovative materials to increase drug awareness and deter youth from abusing drugs. In addition, abusers of illicit drugs will be treated in Lao drug treatment, health facilities and/or community-based treatment programs. Improvements in post treatment “after care” will also be a new priority. This is an ongoing project.

Laos

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Narcotics Law Enforcement 300 300 800
Crop Control/Alternative Development 100 - -
Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction 100 150 150
Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel 270 200 200

Non-U.S. Personnel 50 150 150

ICASS Costs 130 150 150

Program Support 50 50 50

SubTotal 500 550 550
Total 1,000 1,000 1,500

Philippines

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
800 1,365 2,450

Program Overview

The United States and the Philippines are long-standing partners promoting cooperation on peace and security issues. The Government of the Philippines has achieved significant successes in capturing members of terrorist groups Jemaah Islamiyah and the Abu Sayyaf Group, and efforts underway continue to improve the capacity of civilian law enforcement agencies to address such threats. INL assistance programs remain dedicated to improving the capacity of the Philippine police and maritime security institutions, and strengthening the criminal justice system to prevent, investigate, and successfully prosecute domestic and transnational crimes.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Philippines program supports the host government’s Integrated Transformation Plan. The Philippines program also supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan priorities of Defeating Terrorists and Fostering Peace and Transforming Governance and Protecting Human Rights, and INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: To assist with building the capacity of law enforcement institutions to combat crime and conduct criminal investigations that will result in arrests and prosecutions of criminals.

Objective 2: To increase the professionalism of the Philippine police and prosecutors to improve case management and enhance the respect for human rights in the criminal justice system.

Objective 3: To improve prosecutorial training and skills development, develop better use of criminal procedure tools, and provide recommendations for improving the operations of the criminal justice system.

FY 2011 Program

Law Enforcement Support

Law Enforcement Training Project expands the capacity of the Philippine police by providing training, technical assistance, and equipment donations at Model Police Stations and other law enforcement institutions throughout the Philippines. Assistance is delivered through a law enforcement advisor and technical experts. This is an ongoing project.

Southern Philippines Police Development Project supports the further development of civilian law enforcement capacity to address criminal and terrorist threats and capable of acting in accordance with respect for human rights by providing police training, equipment, and mentoring. This is an ongoing project.

Justice System

Administration of Justice Project supports justice sector reform efforts to address weak rule of law in the Philippines, particularly with regards to widespread corruption, low delivery of basic services, and human rights abuses. Legal advisors will provide training and mentoring for prosecutors to support skills development. This is an ongoing project.

Philippines

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Law Enforcement Support 700 730 1,785
Justice System 100 605 635
Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel - - -

Non-U.S. Personnel - - -

ICASS Costs - - -

Program Support - 30 30

SubTotal - 30 30
Total 800 1,365 2,450

Thailand

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
1,400 1,740 1,740

Program Overview

Thailand’s criminal laws, criminal justice institutions, and regulatory and investigative capabilities should be improved in order to respond more effectively to terrorism, transnational and organized crime in the 21st century. Thailand and the United States maintain an exemplary, long-standing partnership in counter-narcotics work and Thailand, as the U.S. Government’s only mainland Southeast Asian ally, is well placed and willing to put forward a similar effort against international crime. Continued assistance from the U.S. Government will be focused on bolstering anti-corruption reforms and governance, and capacity building in the criminal justice system.

Program Goals and Objectives

Thailand’s program reflects an integrated strategy, based on an interagency approach, to ensure that Thailand will remain strong, stable, and well-situated to provide vital cooperation on a range of issues of concern. The Thailand program supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan priorities of Peace and Security, improving Thailand’s Law Enforcement and Judicial Systems, and promoting democratic values and institutions, and INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goals of Building Criminal Justice Systems and Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: Improve Thailand’s law enforcement capabilities and support judicial and legislative reforms to strengthen effectiveness, comply with international standards, bolster internal and cross-border cooperation in the security sector, and support the rule of law while respecting human rights.

Objective 2: Minimize the adverse effects that transnational crime and criminal networks have on the United States and its allies through enhanced international cooperation and foreign assistance.

Objective 3: Increase our diplomatic efforts and our foreign assistance to advocate for strong and healthy democratic institutions in order to maneuver against crime, and counter corruption.

FY 2011 Program

Law Enforcement Support

Law enforcement support will provide the Royal Thai Police (RTP) and other law enforcement agencies with advice and technical assistance on policing skills, capacity-building, intelligence management, counter-corruption, and managing organizational change to meet international standards. This is an ongoing program.

Justice Sector Reform

Funds will continue to support training and technical assistance, including but not limited to, the provision and support of a Legal Advisor and/or other legal experts. The program will focus on supporting the Royal Thai Government’s efforts to improve the efficiency of the criminal justice system and fight corruption through activities such as seminars and workshops for sitting judges, prosecutors and public/private attorneys, including training visits by U.S. judicial experts. This is an ongoing program.

Thailand

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Law Enforcement Support 506 660 505
Justice Sector Reform 304 350 505
Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel 300 350 350

Non-U.S. Personnel 100 125 125

ICASS Costs 100 145 145

Program Support 90 110 110

SubTotal 590 730 730
Total 1,400 1,740 1,740

Timor-Leste

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
20 800 860

Program Overview

Timor-Leste is Asia’s poorest and most fragile democracy. Since achieving independence in 2002, Timor-Leste has suffered from a pattern of political violence and instability. Given the geographic location of Timor-Leste, situated between United States treaty ally Australia and strategic partner Indonesia, the U.S. commitment to security and stability of this fragile nation is imperative. The United States’ highest priority in Timor-Leste is to enhance the ability of the Timorese government to extend the current period of stability and security for its citizens, which will set the foundation for sustained, long term economic and social development.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Timor-Leste program supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan priority of Peace and Security, and INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: To help build capacity among criminal justice sector institutions to provide internal security and combat transnational criminal threats.

Objective 2: To assist the Timorese justice system in developing capacity to manage simple and complex criminal cases.

Objective 3: To prepare the Government of Timor-Leste (GOTL) for taking over internal security responsibilities from the United Nations Police force (UNPOL) following their scheduled departure in 2012.

FY 2011 Program

Law Enforcement Reform

The Law Enforcement Reform Project will expand the Timor-Leste National Police’s (PNTL) knowledge and skills in general law enforcement principles, theories and techniques to help the PNTL in their assumption of internal security duties upon the departure of UN Police (UNPOL) from Timor-Leste in 2012. This is a new project.

Prosecutorial Assistance

A Legal Advisor will assist the GOTL by working closely with various Timorese actors and institutions to improve prosecutorial training and skills development, case management systems and human rights protections. This is an ongoing project.


Timor-Leste

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Law Enforcement Reform - 185 245
Prosecutorial Assistance - 600 600
Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel - - -

Non-U.S. Personnel - - -

ICASS Costs - - -

Program Support 20 15 15

SubTotal 20 15 15
Total 20 800 860

Vietnam

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
550

Program Overview

Vietnam has made considerable achievements by establishing a legal regime that meets international minimum standards; however, they lack capacity in implementing their laws, particularly in the operation of the justice system and in carrying out enforcement actions.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Vietnam program supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan priorities of Promoting Human Rights, Just and Democratic Government and Advancing Peace and Security, and INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: Disrupt the movement of illicit drugs through Vietnam to the United States.

Objective 2: Strengthen the Government of Vietnam’s abilities to combat trafficking in persons and improve the capacity of the criminal justice system to meet the needs of victims.

Objective 3: Improve the capacity, transparency, and professionalism of the Vietnamese justice system.

FY 2011 Program

Counternarcotics

Counternarcotics Project will enhance Vietnamese law enforcement officials’ understanding of current trafficking methods, capabilities, techniques, and technology to make them more effective and reliable partners for U.S. law enforcement in combating narcotics trafficking. This is a new project.

Trafficking in Persons

Trafficking in Persons Project will strengthen the Government of Vietnam’s abilities to combat trafficking in persons and improve the capacity of the criminal justice system to meet the needs of victims. This is a new project.

Justice Sector Development

Justice Sector Development Project will incorporate police human rights training and may include, but is not limited to, training for Vietnamese prison guards and front-line police officers, as well as assistance with implementing the Convention Against Torture. It may also increase the capacity of Vietnamese prosecutors and other justice sector actors to more effectively execute their roles in the Vietnamese criminal prosecution and legal process. This is a new project.

Vietnam

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Counternarcotics - - 175
Trafficking in Persons - - 150
Justice Sector Development

200
Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel - - -
Non-U.S. Personnel - - -
ICASS Costs - - -
Program Support - - 25
SubTotal - - 25
Total - - 550



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