printable banner

U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

FY 2012 Program and Budget Guide: Near East


Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
Share

Algeria

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2010 Actual

FY 2011 Estimate

FY 2012 Request

-

-

870

Program Overview

The April 2010 signing of a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) with Algeria has expanded opportunities for judicial and law enforcement cooperation. INCLE assistance will focus on partnering with Algeria to develop capabilities in investigating transnational crimes, tackling corruption, and countering illicit trafficking and finance.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Algeria program supports the embassy’s FY 2012 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priority of Peace and Security, and INL’s FY 2012 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan’s Transnational Crime goal.

Objective 1: Increase judicial and law enforcement capacity to investigate and adjudicate organized crime, money laundering, corruption, terrorism and trafficking cases.

FY 2012 Program

Transnational Crime

Law Enforcement Support

Funds will be used to build capacity for police and financial investigators to work with justice sector actors to prosecute and adjudicate complex transnational crimes.

Justice Programs

Funds will be used to build capacity for judges and prosecutors to investigate, prosecute, and adjudicate complex transnational crimes in coordination with law enforcement officials.


Algeria

   

INL Budget

   

($000)

   
   

FY 2010

FY 2011

FY 2012

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.5 Transnational Crime

   

 

Law Enforcement Support

0

0

430

Justice Programs

0

0

415

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.5)

0

0

25

 

1.5 Subtotal

0

0

870

Total

0

0

870


Egypt

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2010 Actual

FY 2011 Estimate

FY 2012 Request

1,000

1,000

250

Program Overview

The recent unrest in Egypt highlights the need for effective, democratic security institutions. Security concerns have drawn attention to the important role of police in Egypt’s post-Mubarak transition. In addition to the recent turmoil, Egypt has substantial problems with illegal migration, human smuggling, the movement of transnational terrorists through its territory, drug trafficking, and smuggling of weapons and other contraband. The Egyptian response to these issues is complicated by a lack of civilian law enforcement personnel with the training required to combat threats in the communities in which they are meant to serve.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Egypt program supports the embassy’s FY 2012 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priority of Peace and Security, and INL’s FY 2012 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: Support the modernization of Egyptian National Police approaches to training police officers in principles of community policing.

FY 2012 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Police Modernization

Civilian Policing Project: Funding will support training and technical exchanges with senior Egyptian law enforcement officials on modern approaches to law enforcement training, and issues relating to improving cooperation between police forces and the public.


Egypt

   

INL Budget

   

($000)

   
   

FY 2010

FY 2011

FY 2012

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Police Modernization

935

935

200

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

65

65

50

 

1.3 Subtotal

1,000

1,000

250

Total

1,000

1,000

250


Jordan

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2010 Actual

FY 2011 Estimate

FY 2012 Request

1,500

250

500

Program Overview

Security officials in Jordan lack the capacity to effectively combat gender-based violence (GBV). An initial 2010 GBV training program in New York for an inter-disciplinary team of Government of Jordan (GOJ) officials generated momentum and interest in this topic. In FY 2012, INL will seek to further improve coordination between GOJ officials in law enforcement, criminal justice, and medical services in Jordan’s capital and largest cities. Technical assistance will be offered so that Jordanian professionals can learn and apply the latest developments in forensic criminal investigation procedures regarding family violence. Other funded activities will aim to strengthen Ministry of Health reporting mechanisms and legal referral services for prosecution of these cases.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Jordan program supports the embassy’s FY 2012 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priority to build Security Sector Capabilities, and INL’s FY 2012 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform (SSR).

Objective 1: Provide assistance to law enforcement to eliminate conditions which are conducive to gender-based violence and increase police capacity to investigate cases of violence, while facilitating protection and services for victims.

FY 2012 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Police Modernization Program

The Gender-Based Violence Reduction project will provide training and equipment to Jordanian law enforcement to improve their ability to identify and respond to cases of gender-based violence through investigations, protection of victims, and coordination with government and community service providers to promote a comprehensive response to violence.


Jordan

   

INL Budget

   

($000)

   
   

FY 2010

FY 2011

FY 2012

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Police Modernization Program

888

225

435

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

112

25

65

 

1.3 Subtotal

1,000

250

500

1.5 Transnational Crime

   

 

Police Modernization Program

500

0

0

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.5)

0

0

0

 

1.5 Subtotal

500

0

0

Total

1,500

250

500


Lebanon

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2010 Actual

FY 2011 Estimate

FY 2012 Request

20,000

19,500

25,000

Program Overview

The enhancement of the Lebanese Internal Security Forces (ISF) is a key component of U.S. support for the rapid and full implementation of UNSCR 1701 and efforts to strengthen the institutions of the Lebanese state, including its security services. By helping develop an ISF capable of protecting Lebanon’s people, borders, sovereignty and dignity, U.S. support in Lebanon will promote stability and security in both Lebanon and the region. With continued support and assistance, the ISF will further develop as an effective law enforcement institution throughout Lebanon and as a capable partner for U.S. law enforcement agencies.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Lebanon program supports the embassy’s FY 2012 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities for Counterterrorism and Regional Security and INL’s FY 2012 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform (SSR).

Objective 1: Provide state-of-the-art training and equipment for the ISF to improve their ability to function as a non-sectarian professional police force able to provide security for the citizens of Lebanon.

Objective 2: Improve the capacity of the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) and the ISF to exert sovereign authority throughout Lebanese territory.

Objective 3: Provide training, technical assistance and equipment to improve the Government of Lebanon’s (GOL) capacity to secure Lebanon's borders and halt arms smuggling, as called for in UNSCR 1701.

FY 2012 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Counterterrorism/Border Control

Funds will provide training, equipment and technical assistance to the four Lebanese institutions charged with border security – the ISF, the Surete Generale, the LAF and the Customs service to stem the flow of arms, drugs, and criminal and terrorist elements across Lebanese borders.

Law Enforcement Modernization

The ISF Police Program will support a training program for basic cadets with the ISF beginning the transition to national control of this training program in 2012. The transition will continue over the next several years, with a gradual drawdown of U.S. trainers occurring at the same time. Funds will also support ongoing training for community policing, in-service ISF officers, trainers, and mid-level managers in addition to executive leadership training. In addition, funding will provide equipment and facility support, which will include facility upgrades to the training academy.

ISF Communications Network Project will support the ongoing program of establishing a secure, nationwide communications network throughout Lebanon for use by the ISF, a critical need in order to safeguard ISF command and control channels and operations. Starting with FY 2008 and FY 2009 Department of Defense 1207 funding, the INL Lebanon program has begun establishing a secure network in Beirut and Mount Lebanon. This project will be expanded to include a secure network that covers all regions of Lebanon.

Corrections

FY 2012 funds will provide assistance to strengthen Lebanon’s corrections systems. These programs will develop Lebanese criminal justice capacity through training and infrastructure development for corrections institutions.


Lebanon

   

INL Budget

   

($000)

   
   

FY 2010

FY 2011

FY 2012

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.1 Counter-Terrorism

   

 

Counterterrorism/Border Control

3,000

0

0

 

1.1 Subtotal

3,000

0

0

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Law Enforcement Restructuring, Reform and Operations

12,000

16,500

22,000

Corrections

1,000

1,000

1,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

2,000

2,000

2,000

 

1.3 Subtotal

15,000

19,500

25,000

1.4 Counternarcotics

   

 

Counternarcotics Program

2,000

0

0

 

1.4 Subtotal

2,000

0

0

Total

20,000

19,500

25,000


Morocco

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2010 Actual

FY 2011 Estimate

FY 2012 Request

750

750

3,000

Program Overview

Morocco is a moderate Muslim state that remains one of our most reliable allies in the often troubled Broader Middle East and North Africa region. Morocco faces substantial challenges with illegal migration, human smuggling and trafficking, drug production and trafficking, and commercial smuggling. Morocco is also making significant democratic reforms in the context of the Arab Spring. Having signed several Letters of Agreement with the Government of Morocco, we are well-positioned to use INCLE assistance to help Morocco develop and implement meaningful reforms. The Government of Morocco (GOM) is an effective partner and has demonstrated the political will to tackle the challenges it faces.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Morocco program supports the embassy’s FY 2012 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of Countering Terrorism and Enhancing Democracy and Governance, and INL’s FY 2012 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Building Criminal Justice Systems and Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: To help law enforcement and border control organizations build capacity to conduct criminal and financial investigations, and enhance training curricula.

Objective 2: To assist judicial reform efforts, and to provide alternative sentencing and pre-trial diversion mechanisms for juvenile offenders.

Objective 3: To support Morocco’s efforts to counter radicalization in prisons and among youth, through assistance and training.

FY 2012 Program

Security and Judicial Sector

Maritime Security Project: Funds will support training and technical assistance to help develop a layered maritime security approach with a focus on enhancing interagency cooperation and enhancing operational effectiveness.

Forensics Project: Funds will improve the ability of law enforcement to collect and analyze fingerprint and DNA evidence with a focus on international accreditation of the forensics laboratory; facilitate the collection of Known or Suspected Terrorist (KST) data; and post-blast investigation training.

Border Security Project: Funds will support the modernization of border enforcement operations through training, curriculum development, and equipment support.

Legal Advisors will provide technical assistance to institutionalize alternative sentencing and pre-trial diversion mechanisms in the legal system, especially focused on juvenile offenders.

Corrections Advisors will provide technical assistance to disrupt radical groups within the prison system and identify youth at the greatest risk for recruitment by extremist groups.

Judicial Reform Project will support efforts to reform the legal system and address corruption by strengthening justice sector integrity; improving access to justice for the public, especially for juveniles; and increasing the capacity to apply currently existing legislation.


Morocco

   

INL Budget

   

($000)

   
   

FY 2010

FY 2011

FY 2012

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Security and Judicial Sector

350

300

1,150

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

300

450

450

 

1.3 Subtotal

650

750

1,600

1.4 Counternarcotics

   

 

Security and Judicial Sector

100

0

750

 

1.4 Subtotal

100

0

750

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Security and Judicial Sector

0

0

650

 

2.1 Subtotal

0

0

650

Total

750

750

3,000


Near East Regional (TSCTP)

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2010 Actual

FY 2011 Estimate

FY 2012 Request

2,000

1,030

1,000

Program Overview

The Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership (TSCTP) is a multi-faceted, multi-year strategy aimed at defeating terrorist organizations by strengthening regional counterterrorism capabilities, and enhancing and institutionalizing cooperation among the region’s security forces. INCLE resources will be used to build capacity in the Maghreb countries of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. TSCTP funds complement bilateral program activities and support partnerships across these countries and between the Maghreb and the Sahel. Funds will be used in the areas of law enforcement, border security, rule of law, and corrections, as well as to promote systemic change in TSCTP partner countries in these areas. Funds are requested to provide training, technical assistance, and equipment for programs including, but not limited to, forensic development, technical assistance in border control, prison reform, judicial training, and anti-money laundering and countering terrorist financing to confront the challenges posed by terrorist organizations in the region, at the forefront of which is al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).

Program Goals and Objectives

This NEA Regional program supports the relevant embassies’ FY 2012 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of Countering Terrorism and Peace and Security and INL’s FY 2012 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Systems and Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: To provide training, technical assistance and equipment support to civilian law enforcement, corrections and border security organizations to build their capacity to counter transnational crime.

Objective 2: To provide training and technical assistance to build criminal justice system capacity to prosecute and incarcerate terrorists.

FY 2012 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership

Law Enforcement, Corrections and Border Control Projects: Funds will support training and technical assistance to build capacity to counter transnational criminal activity. Funding will facilitate cooperation between TSCTP member states through coordinated training efforts. Funding will also support maritime training focused on container security and developing targeting capacity. In addition, funds will support forensics development activities designed to enhance the capacity to use DNA evidence.

Judicial Reform Projects: Funds will support training and technical assistance to enhance justice sector officials’ capacity for prosecuting, trying, and handling transnational criminal and terrorism cases.

Anti-corruption Projects: Funds will bolster local capacity to address corruption and build the capacity of legal and judicial sector professionals.


Near East Regional (TSCTP)

   

INL Budget

   

($000)

   
   

FY 2010

FY 2011

FY 2012

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership

1,900

980

950

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

100

50

50

 

1.3 Subtotal

2,000

1,030

1,000

Total

2,000

1,030

1,000


West Bank/Gaza

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2010 Actual

FY 2011 Estimate

FY 2012 Request

100,000

150,000

113,000

Program Overview

The Palestinian Authority (PA) Security Sector Reform Program (SSRP) is helping to create professional and competent Palestinian security forces that can provide rule of law and combat terrorism in the West Bank. In this regard, the SSRP advances leading objectives of the Roadmap for Peace and contributes significantly toward achieving a two-state solution to the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, a key U.S. foreign policy objective. Since becoming operational in August 2007, the SSRP has progressed rapidly and achieved tangible training, equipping, and garrisoning objectives for over 3,000 PA Security Forces as well as other capacity-building goals. Training, equipping, and garrisoning of six of the ten projected National Security Force Special Battalions has been, or is being, met. The Palestinian Authority has deployed these forces successfully to respond to urgent security requirements in Jenin, Bethlehem, Hebron, Qalqiyah and elsewhere in the West Bank, limiting lawlessness and cracking down on terrorism. They have performed impressively according to U.S., Israeli, and Palestinian officials, as well as Palestinian citizens themselves. The successful operations by these security forces have underscored the need to broaden the program into complementary Rule of Law (ROL) initiatives in the Justice and Corrections sectors. Accordingly, INL added a justice sector project in 2009, and introduced corrections and civil defense projects in 2010, all the while sustaining train and equip initiatives with the security forces.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Security Sector Reform Program supports the Roadmap requirements to have consolidated and professionalized Palestinian Security Forces eventually replace Israeli forces in the West Bank and underpins priorities in PA Prime Minister Fayyad’s two-year reform and institution-building program. Announced in late 2009, PM Fayyad’s two-year program aims to establish the foundations of an independent, viable Palestinian state that can meet the needs of its citizens without reliance on external donor support. Accordingly, INL’s programs support the FY 2012 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan’s goal to reform Palestinian security forces to improve law and order and reduce terrorism, as well as the FY 2012 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan’s goal to establish and facilitate stable criminal justice systems to strengthen host country law enforcement and judicial effectiveness, bolster cooperation among criminal justice agencies, and support the rule of law while respecting human rights.

Objective 1: Provide follow-on training and equipment to PA Security Force to help sustain their deployment and maintain law and order and combat terrorism throughout PA-controlled areas of the West Bank.

Objective 2: Provide infrastructure support to facilitate the operations and sustainment of the trained forces by building training facilities and other operations-related structures.

Objective 3: Build institutional cooperation among criminal investigators, prosecutors, and other justice sector actors so that stronger criminal cases are developed leading to faster and fairer judgments.

Objective 4: Strengthen and improve the corrections sector so that prisoners are managed in a safe, secure, and humane environment that complies with international standards, promotes the rule of law, and affords them opportunity for rehabilitation.

Objective 5: Support the development of strategic planning in the Ministry of Interior and promote its institutionalization.

Objective 6: Strengthen the civil protection forces so that fire, rescue, and other first responders are better able to protect the lives, property, and public safety of Palestinian citizens.

FY 2012 Program

Funds will continue to provide training, equipment, and infrastructure support for the Palestinian Authority Security Forces (PASF) while directing a larger share of the funding toward the more recently developed ROL programs for the justice and corrections sectors, civilian police, and civil defense.

PASF: Training, Equipment, Infrastructure

Funds will support sustainment and refresher training in Jordan and the West Bank for previously trained National Security Force Special Battalions. Civilian police and other members of the security forces will also benefit from leadership and other specialized joint training courses in the West Bank. A new Borders and Crossings train, equip, and facilities program will be added to support the Palestinian Authority’s recently developed border crossing plan. In addition, modest amounts of non-lethal equipment will be provided to the Presidential Guard and infrastructure upgrades and refinements will be made to both Presidential Guard and National Security Force training facilities as we continue to work to transfer all training responsibilities to the PASF.

Strategic Development/Capacity Building

Funds will continue to provide programmatic (training, equipment) and periodic technical assistance support to the Ministry of Interior’s Strategic Planning Department Unit with the goal of ensuring that the Palestinian Authority is fully capable of managing and accomplishing its own strategic planning for the PASF and to support the Ministry’s institutionalization.

Justice Sector Support

These funds will accelerate work – modeled after the highly successful Jenin Governorate project – to build strong and effective case management systems in several other governorates. Efforts will focus mostly on training and mentoring civilian police criminal investigators and public prosecutors with the goals of fostering closer cooperation and enhancing their ability to develop solid criminal cases from arrival at the crime scene through prosecution in the courts. The program includes modest amounts of operational and office equipment to ensure good performance and modest office renovations aimed at improving management and efficiency. Additional funds will be used to continue a project in cooperation with the European Union Police Co-operating Office for Palestinian Police Support (EUPOLCOPPS) to construct or renovate and furnish and equip selected police stations in the West Bank.

Corrections Project

Most of the funds will be used to achieve a top priority of the Palestinian Authority corrections service (CRCD – Corrections Rehabilitation Centers Department): a centralized corrections complex containing a central prison, CRCD administrative offices, and a training complex. Additional training funds will be used to continue to develop leadership and administration skills of senior CRCD officials, and to develop CRCD’s own training staff. Funds will also be used to provide essential furnishings and basic operational equipment for corrections staff.

Civil Defense Project

Funds will accelerate a program that started modestly in 2010 to provide operational and tactical training and equipment to an initial cadre of Palestinian Authority Civil Protection forces. Most of the funds will be used for comprehensive fire, medical, and disaster response training at the Jordanian civil defense academy near Amman and to do specialized training in the West Bank. Funds will also be used to refurbish and/or build several civil defense emergency response facilities in the West Bank. Modest amounts of funds will be used to procure key equipment such as emergency response vehicles and survival breathing equipment.


West Bank-Gaza

   

INL Budget

   

($000)

   
   

FY 2010

FY 2011

FY 2012

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Training

40,000

42,500

33,600

Non-Lethal Equipment

16,000

17,500

10,600

Infrastructure Development

30,500

43,000

17,900

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

4,500

6,500

7,500

 

1.3 Subtotal

91,000

109,500

69,600

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Training

1,000

6,850

7,500

Non-Lethal Equipment

1,000

7,300

7,000

Strategic Development/Capacity Building

1,500

-

 

Infrastructure Development

-

10,850

15,500

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

500

2,000

1,000

 

2.1 Subtotal

4,000

27,000

31,000

2.2 Good Governance

   

 

Training

-

3,000

1,000

Non-Lethal Equipment

-

-

1,900

Strategic Development/Capacity Building

5,000

5,500

6,000

Infrastructure Development

-

5,000

3,500

 

2.2 Subtotal

5,000

13,500

12,400

Total

100,000

150,000

113,000


Yemen

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2010 Actual

FY 2011 Estimate

FY 2012 Request

1,000

1,750

11,000

Program Overview

As Secretary Clinton signaled during her January 2011 visit to Yemen, the United States seeks a broad partnership with Yemen that supports Yemen’s political and economic advancement, in order to help remove the underlying causes of instability that make Yemen vulnerable to terrorism. In service of these critical U.S. strategic goals, INCLE assistance will be used to improve the capacity of the Yemeni criminal justice system to extend and enforce the rule of law. Specifically, it will enhance the Yemeni government’s delivery of basic policing and justice services to meet the needs of ordinary Yemenis and combat the influence of violent extremists; make criminal justice institutions more professional, accountable, and responsive to the public; and provide correctional services that respect human rights and counter the fostering of radicalization.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Yemen program supports the embassy’s FY 2012 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of Achieving Peace and Security and Governing Justly and Democratically, and INL’s FY 2012 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: To improve the capacity of civilian law enforcement institutions to combat crime, respond to citizens’ public safety concerns, enforce the rule of law, and protect Yemen’s borders.

Objective 2: To enhance the professionalism and accountability of the judiciary and to improve police-prosecutor cooperation on cases of terrorism and transnational crime.

Objective 3: To enhance the capacity of the Yemeni correctional system to respect human rights and counter radicalization.

Objective 4: To improve access to justice and foster civil society involvement in criminal justice reform.

FY 2012 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Civilian Police Development and Reform

Provides training, technical assistance and equipment designed to build sustainable capacity within Yemeni law enforcement agencies to investigate crime, collect and evaluate forensic evidence, and work with prosecutors to bring perpetrators to justice, as well as to support efforts to improve command and control and implement more modern and democratic internal management systems. Training and assistance will instruct respect for human rights and engagement with the community.

Corrections Assistance

Assists Yemeni corrections systems in their efforts to implement sustainable institutional reforms, counter radicalization, and respect prisoners’ human rights.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

Criminal Justice Reform

Supports efforts to enhance access to justice, to improve the independence, professionalism, and responsiveness of the judiciary, and to promote legal awareness and rights education.


Yemen

   

INL Budget

   

($000)

   
   

FY 2010

FY 2011

FY 2012

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Civilian Police Development and Reform

925

625

4,500

Corrections Assistance

0

0

1,500

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

75

375

1,000

 

1.3 Subtotal

1,000

1,000

7,000

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Criminal Justice Reform

0

375

4,000

 

2.1 Subtotal

0

375

4,000

2.2 Good Governance

   

 

Anti-Corruption

0

375

4,000

 

2.1 Subtotal

0

375

4,000

Total

1,000

1,750

11,000



Back to Top
Sign-in

Do you already have an account on one of these sites? Click the logo to sign in and create your own customized State Department page. Want to learn more? Check out our FAQ!

OpenID is a service that allows you to sign in to many different websites using a single identity. Find out more about OpenID and how to get an OpenID-enabled account.