printable banner

U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

FY 2013 Program and Budget Guide: Africa


Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
Share

Africa Regional

Budget Summary ($000) 

 

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

Trans-Sahara Counter Terrorism Partnership (TSCTP)

2,500

3,500

2,500

Partnership for Regional East African Counterterrorism (PREACT)

-

2,000

2,000

West Africa Regional Security Initiative (WARSI)

2,433

16,800

13,000

Trafficking in Persons (Djibouti)

-

50

-

Total

4,933

22,350

17,500

Program Overview

The Africa Regional program includes three initiatives covering different regions in Africa. These funds are divided among the Trans-Sahara Counter-terrorism Partnership (TSCTP), Partnership for Regional East African Counterterrorism (PREACT), and the West Africa Regional Security Initiative (WARSI). Programs will support stabilization operations and security-sector reform efforts, and address transnational crime, including counter-narcotics activities. TSCTP and PREACT programs will focus on enhancing security and criminal justice sector performance, and promoting systematic change in partner countries to reinforce their ability to provide security, enable institutional reform, support conflict mitigation, and deepen strategic relationships.

Resources requested for WARSI will be used to enhance the ability of West African states to prevent, deter, and disrupt transnational organized crime, including counter-narcotics activities so that it does not threaten stability, good governance, or public health in the region, and to partner effectively with the U.S. Government to protect U.S. national interests.

Additional details on each of the three Africa Regional initiatives are provided in the following chapters.

Africa Regional (Partnership for Regional East Africa Counterterrorism)

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

-

2,000

2,000


Program Overview

The Partnership for Regional East Africa Counterterrorism (PREACT) is a multi-faceted, multi-year strategy aimed at defeating terrorist organizations by strengthening regional counterterrorism capabilities, and enhancing and institutionalizing cooperation among the region’s security forces. Since the Embassy bombings in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam in 1998, East African countries have recognized the threat of terrorism, and have coordinated their defense and law enforcement agencies with the U.S. Government to detect and obstruct terrorist and other international criminal activities. INCLE funds will continue to assist in the development of the capacities of law enforcement organizations in East Africa to confront the challenges posed by terrorist organizations in the region.

Program Goals and Objectives

The program supports the objectives of Countering Terrorism, Peace and Security, and Combating Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: To build sustainable security and counterterrorism capacities in partner nations.

Objective 2: To improve and expand border security in East Africa. To improve inter-agency and international community coordination in the Law Enforcement arena.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Counterterrorism Program funds will support a multi-disciplinary counterterrorism initiative in East Africa that is based upon best practices of the Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership (TSCTP). Funds will be used to train and equip the criminal justice sector, with a focus on the police, to identify, prevent, and respond effectively to terrorist activity. Program activities will enhance the antiterrorism capabilities of East African governments’ criminal justice sectors and build bilateral and regional cooperation in combating terrorism. Activities will further assist in the broader reform efforts necessary to creating a permissive and trusting relationship between the police and the public, such that counterterrorism efforts can be increasingly effective.
     
  • Border Security Program funds will develop the capacities of the East African countries to control point of entry-based immigration, customs, law enforcement units to interdict criminal elements, and to quickly and accurately share information with relevant agencies.

Africa Regional

 

Partnership for Regional East Africa Counterterrorism

 

INL Budget

 

 

     

 

($000)

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stability Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

 

Partnership for Regional East Africa Counterterrorism (PREACT)

0

1,900

1,850

 

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

0

100

150

 

1.3 Subtotal

0

2,000

2,000

 

     

 

Total

0

2,000

2,000

         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

ICASS Costs

0

0

0

 

Program Support

0

100

150

Total

0

100

150

Africa Regional (Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership)

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Request

FY 2013 Request

2,500

3,500

2,500


Program Overview

The Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership (TSCTP) is a multi-faceted, multi-year U.S. strategy aimed at disrupting terrorist organizations by strengthening regional counterterrorism capabilities, and enhancing and institutionalizing cooperation among the region’s security forces. Funds will assist in the development of the capacities of law enforcement organizations in TSCTP-eligible states in the Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal) to confront the challenges posed by terrorist organizations in the region, particularly al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and Boko Haram in Nigeria.

Program Goals and Objectives

The TSCTP program supports the objectives of Countering Terrorism and Peace and Security as outlined in the FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plans of the eligible countries. It also supports INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: To provide training, technical assistance and equipment support to civilian law enforcement organizations to build their capacity to prevent and respond to terrorist events.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform


  • Funding will support law enforcement development projects in one or more TSCTP-eligible countries to provide training and technical assistance to increase law enforcement and border control capacity to respond to and prevent violent extremism. Funding may also be used to support ongoing TSCTP law enforcement capacity-building programs in Mali, Niger, and Nigeria.

Africa Regional

 

Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership

 

INL Budget

 

 

     

 

($000)

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stability Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

 

Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership (TSCTP)

2,425

3,150

2,300

 

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

75

350

200

 

1.3 Subtotal

2,500

3,500

2,500

 

     

 

Total

2,500

3,500

2,500

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

200

150

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

50

0

 

ICASS Costs

0

50

0

 

Program Support

75

50

50

Total

75

350

200


Africa Regional (West Africa)

Budget Summary ($000)  

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

2,433*

16,800

13,000


* $2.433 million was allocated under the West Africa Regional line and notified completely toward INL’s West Africa Regional Security Initiative (WARSI). $2.25 million was also allocated for West African countries in FY 2011 and allocated under bilateral program line items for Ghana, Guinea, and Nigeria.

Program Overview

West Africa serves as a host to transnational crime facilitated largely by weak criminal justice institutions and corrupt government facilitators. This environment has served transnational criminality, cocaine trafficking in particular, which undermines stability, good governance, and development. Resources requested for WARSI will be used to enhance the ability of West African states to prevent, deter, and disrupt transnational organized crime, including counternarcotics activities so that it does not threaten stability, good governance, or public health in the region, and to partner effectively with the U.S. Government to protect U.S. national interests.

Program Goals and Objectives

Funding will support regional and bilateral programs to establish and sustain effective, professional, and accountable civil-security services, and improve capacity in the criminal justice sector in West Africa to counternarcotics and transnational crime.

Objective #1: To strengthen information sharing between West African states.

Objective #2: To share lessons learned and best practices within the region, thereby enhancing national capacity development.

Objective #3: To support the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) fulfill its regional role on counternarcotics issues.

Objective #4: To build national counternarcotics and rule of law capacities throughout West Africa.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Assistance will enhance security-sector reform initiatives in the West African region by establishing and sustaining effective, professional, and accountable law enforcement and other security sector services.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

  • Assistance will promote rule of law and justice systems by enhancing systematic civil and criminal justice sector performance.

Africa Regional

 

West Africa

 

INL Budget

 

($000)

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stability Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

 

West Africa Regional

1,100

7,560

6,150

 

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

115

1,440

350

 

1.3 Subtotal

1,215

9,000

6,500

 

     

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

 

West Africa Regional

1,103

7,010

6,150

 

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

115

790

350

 

2.1 Subtotal

1,218

7,800

6,500

 

     

 

Total

2,433

16,800

13,000

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

1455

700

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

100

0

 

ICASS Costs

0

350

0

 

Program Support

230

325

0

Total

230

2,230

700

Democratic Repulic of Congo

Budget Summary ($000)


FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

6,000

6,000

5,250


Program Overview

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), despite a resurgence of violence in the eastern provinces in 2009, continues to emerge from a brutal and complex conflict. However, the security situation remains precarious, and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo has been unable to agree on a coherent plan for security sector reform. As cooperation increases among countries in the region, a continuing priority is assistance to the Congolese National Police and customs authorities on border controls. Continued funding is important to support Congolese and international donors’ efforts to reform Congo’s security sector and reinforce central African regional stability.

Program Goals and Objectives

The DRC program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priority of Peace and Security: The DRC achieves peace in the East and security is strengthened throughout the country and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform and Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: To improve DRC capacities in border control, customs, corrections, and related policing efforts.

Objective 2: To build the capacity of law enforcement services in the DRC to detect, investigate and prosecute crimes.

Objective 3: To increase interagency coordination to ensure assistance efforts are reinforcing and complementary.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Police Development and Reform Program funds will improve law enforcement capabilities through the modernization and professionalization of law enforcement organizations. The INL officer, posted to the Democratic Republic of Congo, will establish law enforcement initiatives such as providing training in basic policing skills to help increase basic Congolese law enforcement capacity.
     
  • Border Security Program funds will develop the capability of the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo to control point of entry-based immigration, identify and track illegal immigration and trafficking on drugs, weapons, contraband, and persons.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

  • Justice Sector Support funds will improve the capability for regional and provincial prosecutors and judges to advance criminal court cases through the legal system. Efforts will be focused on proper court procedures, extending rule of law to rural areas, with a focus on sexual and gender based crime initiatives. 

Democratic Republic of Congo

 

 

 

INL Budget

   

 

($000)

   

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Police Development and Reform

2,000

2,000

1,800

Border Security Development

1,000

1,750

1,600

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

1,500

750

600

 

1.3 Subtotal

4,500

4,500

4,000

 

     

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Justice Sector Support

1,500

1,500

1,250

 

2.1 Subtotal

1,500

1,500

1,250

 

     

 

Total

6,000

6,000

5,250

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

800

500

400

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

55

0

 

ICASS Costs

200

75

0

 

Program Support

500

120

200

Total

1,500

750

600

Kenya

Budget Summary ($000)


FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

2,000

2,000

1,800


Program Overview

The violence that swept Kenya from December 2007 to February 2008 highlighted longstanding institutional, electoral and socio-economic factors that had been undermining Kenya's democracy and prospects for long-term stability. Among the key areas requiring reform is the Kenyan criminal justice sector. The capacity of the Kenyan system to address crimes such as sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), and regional piracy is increasing due to ongoing efforts by INL and other partners but much more is needed. INL will support programs that increase the coordination and communication between interagency and international partners who work to combat piracy off the coast of East Africa. Given the importance of Kenya as a regional partner, supporting improved internal security, including respect for civil liberties and human rights, and combating regional organized crime is of paramount importance to U.S. interests.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Kenya program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan Goal to build Capacity to prevent and respond to threats of crime and terrorism and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform. Specifically, the Embassy seeks to continue the development of the criminal justice sector in Kenya.

Objective 1: Support Kenyan efforts for national police reform. INL will support the ongoing Kenyan-led efforts to transform the Kenyan police forces into publicly responsive and professional services.

Objective 2: Increase capacity of Kenyan law enforcement to investigate and successfully prosecute cases of SGBV. Increase the capacity of the Kenyan judiciary to competently adjudicate such cases.

Objective 3: Assist the Kenyan law enforcement agencies and justice sectors in their efforts to improve criminal prosecution, including piracy cases.

FY 2013 Program

The Criminal Justice Sector Reform project supports Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform and Rule of Law and Human Rights program areas.

Criminal Justice Sector Reform

  • National Police Reform: Initiated through Department of Defense 1207 funds provided after the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008, this project will support Kenyan–led efforts toward national police reform.
     
  • Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV): Previously funded through the Women’s Justice and Empowerment Initiative, this bilateral program will increase the capacity of the criminal justice sector to respond professionally to instances of SGBV and domestic violence in Kenya.
     
  • Judicial Reform and Counter Piracy: Program will focus on improving Kenya's ability to effectively and efficiently prosecute crimes and assisting the judiciary.

Kenya

 

 

 

INL Budget

   

 

($000)

   

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Criminal Justice Sector Reform

1,100

1,100

380

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

150

150

120

 

1.3 Subtotal

1,250

1,250

500

 

     

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Criminal Justice Sector Reform

750

750

1,300

 

2.1 Subtotal

750

750

1,300

 

     

 

Total

2,000

2,000

1,800

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

ICASS Costs

70

70

70

 

Program Support

80

80

50

Total

150

150

120

Liberia

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

16,000

17,000

15,662

Program Overview

Decades of instability and conflict have weakened many of the countries in West Africa and problems frequently spill over borders and undermine already troubled states. These circumstances have the potential to threaten West Africa’s general stability, good governance and development and threaten U.S. strategic interests in the region. Liberia emerged from a14-year civil war in 2003 and has experienced eight years of relative peace and stability. Although making progress, the Government of Liberia (GOL) still requires significant donor support to provide for its security and support its criminal justice institutions. Since 2003, the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) has had the lead in supporting the GOL with reforming and developing the Liberia National Police (LNP). With the planned drawdown of UNMIL in beginning in 2012, the ability of the GOL to contribute to the country’s lasting peace and stability becomes even more critical.

Program Goals and Objectives

INL programs support the international community and GOL goals to strengthen, develop, and reform its police and other criminal justice institutions. They support Embassy Monrovia’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of peace and security and rule of law and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of criminal justice and counternarcotics development.

Objective 1: To further strengthen law enforcement’s ability to contribute to Liberia’s peace and security and increase adherence to laws and international standards.

Objective 2: To increase the capacity of criminal justice institutions to improve adherence to national laws and international standards.

Objective 3: To strengthen law enforcement and criminal justice institutions’ capacity to combat narcotics trafficking in the region and to decrease the demand for drugs in Liberia.

FY 2013 Program

Stability Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • The Civilian Police (CivPol) Program consists of U.S. advisors and the provision of equipment and infrastructure development. The advisors include police officers and related experts who either are seconded to UNMIL or work directly with the LNP. The CivPol program will continue to support the development of the LNP, including its Emergency Response Unit (ERU) and Police Support Unit (PSU). The CivPol Program emphasizes increasing the capabilities of these institutions nationwide, furthering the capacity of personnel, and infrastructure development. The program will do the following:
    • Continue to support LNP leadership in institutional reform and capacity building.
    • Provide continued assistance for the PSU, responsible for low-grade civil disorder management.
    • ERU advisors will continue field mentoring for the Unit within and outside of the capital. The ERU is responsible for supporting the PSU as necessary and responding to violent situations requiring greater skills and experience.
    • Train and mentor civilians in the LNP to take on administrative and logistical functions, such as maintenance, human resource management and budgeting.
    • In-service training will continue for officers including advanced and supervisory policing skills and encompass counties outside of the main population center in Montserrado County.

Counternarcotics

  • Counternarcotics: In the third year of this program, the counternarcotics program will provide assistance to agencies responsible for decreasing drug demand and for providing addiction treatment in Liberia. Working through a range of institutions such as schools, tribal groups, and community coalitions, these funds will support public drug education campaigns and, depending on need, begin work to establish drug treatment centers. The counternarcotics program will also include training for agencies with counternarcotics responsibilities in interdiction and other necessary skills.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

Provide technical assistance to further strengthen police-prosecutor cooperation.

  • The Justice Sector Support Liberia (JSSL) Program, consisting of justice advisors and the provision of equipment and infrastructure support, will continue to strengthen criminal justice institutions. JSSL legal experts will work with judicial, justice, and corrections institutions. JSSL program activities will expand nationwide with emphasis on increasing the capabilities of these institutions throughout Liberia, furthering the capacity of personnel and infrastructure development. The JSSL will:
    • Foster institutional reform, build capacity and encourage a more consistent and effective justice process among the criminal justice institutions through mentoring, training, and advising activities.
    • Provide both technical and material assistance to help the GOL address case backlog and delayed judicial proceedings.
    • Focus on strengthening organizational and administrative systems within key justice sector institutions.
    • Provide technical assistance to further strengthen police-prosecutor cooperation.
    • Provide training and mentoring of prosecutors, judicial personnel, and other justice sector actors.
    • Provide technical assistance in reviewing and updating codes and support the work of the Law Reform Commission.

Liberia

 

 

 

INL Budget

   

 

($000)

   

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Civilian Police Program

8,800

9,103

9,032

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

300

547

350

 

1.3 Subtotal

9,100

9,650

9,382

 

     

 

1.4 Counternarcotics

   

 

Counternarcotics Program

1,000

1,000

1,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

50

50

50

 

1.5 Subtotal

1,050

1,050

1,050

 

     

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Justice Sector Support

5,700

6,100

5,080

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

150

200

150

 

2.1 Subtotal

5,850

6,300

5,230

 

     

 

Total

16,000

17,000

15,662

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

200

397

200

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

75

75

75

 

ICASS Costs

150

200

175

 

Program Support

75

125

100

Total

500

797

550

Mozambique

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

500

500

500

Program Overview

Despite steady economic and political development, Mozambique faces growing criminal justice, transnational crime, and counternarcotics challenges. Mozambique is located in an increasingly important part of Africa and has vast land and sea borders; however it has demonstrated limited willingness and capacity to manage these borders as Mozambique has increasingly become an origin and transit point for trafficking in narcotics, persons, and other contraband. As Mozambican authorities seek to provide security and justice, widespread corruption undercuts service delivery and accountability and allows money laundering and financial crime to persist. The FY 2013 program will allow INL to build a broader base of engagement with the Mozambican government to address border management, transnational crime, and corruption, advancing U.S. Government goals in this increasingly important part of Africa.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Mozambique program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan goals to Strengthen Democracy and Governance and Enhance the Mozambican Government’s Capability to Address Transnational Threats and Provide Accountable Domestic Security. These programs also target INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan Goals to Disrupt the trafficking of illicit drugs through institution-building assistance and Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Assistance.

Objective 1: To improve border management at land borders and seaports of entry through training and institutional support.

Objective 2: To improve the Government of Mozambique’s capacity to detect, investigate, and prosecute transnational crimes and corruption.

Objective 3: To improve law enforcement capabilities in Mozambique through the modernization and professionalization of law enforcement organizations.  

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Border Security Program funds will develop the institutional capability of the Government of Mozambique to control point of entry-based immigration in the land and maritime sectors; financial crimes; and the trafficking of narcotics, contraband, and persons.
     
  • Law Enforcement Development and Reform Program funds will improve law enforcement capabilities through the modernization and professionalization of law enforcement organizations.

Transnational Crime

  • Transnational Crime Program funds will provide technical assistance, training, and other resources to the Mozambican government to help detect, investigate, and prosecute corruption and transnational crimes.

Mozambique

 

 

 

INL Budget

   

 

($000)

   

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

175

275

260

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

25

25

15

 

1.3 Subtotal

200

300

275

 

     

 

1.5 Transnational Crime

   

 

Transnational Crime

300

175

210

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.5)

0

25

15

 

1.5 Subtotal

300

200

225

 

     

 

Total

500

500

500

 

 

 

 

 

         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

ICASS Costs

0

0

0

 

Program Support

25

50

30

Total

25

50

30

Somalia

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

-

2,000

1,800

Program Overview

The inability of Somali institutions to provide internal security and to combat organized crime and violent extremism damages U.S. interests both regionally in the Horn of Africa and more globally. It is vital to U.S. interests that criminal justice sector development efforts in Somalia receive support.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Somalia program supports the FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan peace and security priority, Establishment and Strengthening Legitimate Local and Regional Governments, and Successful Dialogue and Reconciliation Contributing toward a More Stable Somalia, in addition to INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals for developing the criminal justice sector, supporting security sector reform, and preventing transnational crime. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime is already active in Somaliland, and their programs are seen as a priority by the international and U.S. Government counter-piracy community.

Objective 1: Promote areas of stability within Somalia, with the aim of promoting stability and combating violent extremism within Somalia as a whole. This will increase not only the stability of Somalia, but also stability of the Horn of Africa.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Criminal Justice Sector Development

  • Initially supported through Department of Defense 1207 funds, this activity will support the development of a sustainable and independent criminal justice sector in Somalia. INL will support law enforcement initiatives including criminal justice, community security and policing, and civilian police training.

Somalia

 

 

 

INL Budget

   

 

($000)

   

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Criminal Justice Sector Development

0

1,850

1,700

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

0

150

100

 

1.3 Subtotal

0

2,000

1,800

 

     

 

Total

0

2,000

1,800

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

ICASS Costs

0

0

0

 

Program Support

0

150

100

Total

0

150

100

       

South Africa

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

2,000

3,000

2,000

Program Overview

South Africa is an anchor of stability and prosperity for the Southern African region. However, South Africa has one of the most critical crime problems in the world and is an attractive operating environment for organized crime and terrorist groups. Porous borders and inadequate controls expose South Africa to an influx of illegal goods, including weapons. Both the South African Police Service (SAPS) and the five Metro police departments remain in need of additional resources and training. The Government of South Africa has been reluctant to seek U.S. Government assistance, but recent law enforcement cooperation has been increasing in depth and range. The FY 2013 program will allow us to capitalize on these overtures to increase South African law enforcement capacity and reinforce regional southern African stability.

Program Goals and Objectives

The South Africa program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan target of A Safe South Africa and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform and Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: To improve the Government of South Africa’s capacity to detect, deter and prosecute complex crime.

Objective 2: To train the South African police to effectively operate against national and transnational crime.

Objective 3: To assist the South African police in developing regional training capabilities in order to train and assist other countries in the region.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Police Development and Reform Program funds will improve law enforcement capabilities through the modernization and professionalization of law enforcement organizations. The Senior Law Enforcement Advisor will establish law enforcement initiatives such as providing training in basic policing skills and forensics to help increase South African capacity.
     
  • Border Security Program funds will develop the capability of the Government of South Africa to control point of entry-based immigration, identify and track illegal immigration, and trafficking of drugs, contraband, and persons.

Transnational Crime

  • Financial Crimes and Money Laundering Program funds will provide technical assistance, training and select material to the South African law enforcement sector for detecting, investigating, and prosecuting complex transnational and organized crime.

South Africa

 

 

 

INL Budget

   

 

($000)

   

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

700

1,750

950

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

1,000

750

650

 

1.3 Subtotal

1,700

2,500

1,600

 

     

 

1.5 Transnational Crime

   

 

Transnational Crime

0

500

400

 

1.5 Subtotal

0

500

400

 

     

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Justice Sector Support

300

0

0

 

2.1 Subtotal

300

0

0

 

     

 

 

     

 

Total

2,000

3,000

2,000

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

500

450

500

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

100

0

 

ICASS Costs

100

150

100

 

Program Support

400

50

50

Total

1,000

750

650

South Sudan

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

25,000

32,000

27,404

Program Overview

The largely peaceful and orderly self-determination referendum in January 2011 and subsequent independence in July 2011, was a testament to the developing capacity of the Republic of Southern Sudan (RoSS) and the international community’s critical role in support of this nascent government. After the RoSS celebration of independence in July 2011, expectations for delivery of services, including providing internal security, are very high. The RoSS will need to make decisions and enact policies that put the needs of the people of Southern Sudan first, and the international community has a responsibility to hold the ROSS to a realistic but sufficiently high standard of governance and accountability. INL remains committed to support the RoSS in providing internal security. To assist with program planning through this crucial period, INL conducted an updated inter-agency assessment of the criminal justice sector in March and April of 2011. This led to a new program strategy for South Sudan, incorporating lessons learned from previous programming, new political context, and joint planning within the inter-agency.

Established in 2005 to support implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), the INL program in South Sudan focuses on two main components. The first is the development of the South Sudanese criminal justice sector to better maintain security and enhance governance through effective civilian policing. This component consists of three mutually dependent pillars that support a functioning criminal justice sector in the South: assistance to the police, to rule of law institutions, and to the corrections system. The second component is INL’s support to United Nations Peacekeeping Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) in its efforts to enhance security and stability in South Sudan.

With independence, institutions that have been functioning on an interim basis are now transitioning into permanent institutions and, in some cases, transforming themselves based on the new realities associated with statehood. This is especially true of the judicial sector, which is undertaking a tectonic shift from a Shariah and the civil law system of the North to the Common Law system of the South. The South Sudan Police Services (SSPS) require significant donor assistance for strategic planning, training, and infrastructure development in order to transform into a trusted provider of public security.

Southern Sudan’s independence also will affect the level of INL support for the civilian police component of the UN mission. UNMISS will continue robust training efforts across the criminal justice sector, across a wide geographic and thematic footprint. INL will continue to support criminal justice sector professionals seconded into this mission to support its mandate.

Program Goals and Objectives

The United States played a significant role in brokering and supporting implementation of the CPA, culminating in independence this July. In the FY2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan, Embassy Juba established its first goal as the following: Goal #1: Effective, inclusive and accountable democratic governance that enhances rule of law and respect for human rights and increases national security is promoted. This program also supports INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of supporting Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Assistance. This support will be even more important over the next year as South Sudan establishes and develops institutions to provide security and justice as public goods across its vast territory.

Objective 1: Criminal Justice Sector Development as a vital component of security sector transformation in South Sudan: The program will enhance governance, rule of law, and security for the South Sudanese people through comprehensive development and capacity building of legitimate criminal justice sector institutions in South Sudan. This includes the development of the enforcement, judicial, and corrections pillars of the civilian security sector of South Sudan. Additionally, INL will explore means to improve the criminal justice sector capacity to uphold the law through impartial investigation and prosecution.

Objective 2: Support to United Nations Police (UNPOL) components of Peacekeeping Missions in South Sudan: INL will provide support to U.S. contingents of Individual Police Officers (IPOs).

FY 2013 Program

  • The number of INL advisors will be increased to assign experienced law enforcement officers develop information led policing so that the SSPS can properly collect, analyze and respond to information on crime in their communities. This will increase the visibility and responsiveness of the police, which will improve security and state credibility. Primary training programs being will continue in Easter Equatoria, Jonglei, Western Bahr Al Ghazal states and will also expand to Upper Nile state. INL will build upon FY 2011 and FY2012 programs for rural safety in Southern Sudan with the SSPS. Cattle-raiding is a major source of rural violence, and INL will continue to support specialized efforts to address these types of rural insecurity.
     
  • INL will continue programs to train criminal justice sector professionals from key state institutions, especially lawyers and Judges. This will be done through domestic training institutions such as the University of Juba School of Law, the Ministry of Justice, and the Judiciary of South Sudan training programs. INL has been formative in establishing these institutions, and will continue support to develop specialized programming for criminal justice.
     
  • Much of the population lives in isolated rural areas where the state cannot yet deliver such justice services. While INL works with state institutions to improve the accessibility of criminal justice, INL will build upon FY 2011 and FY2012 work with local communities to determine how they seek redress for crime and how they navigate the plural criminal justice system that includes government and traditional courts. INL will provide training and other support to the courts serving those areas, and improve options for legal aid to rural communities.
     
  • GoSS Prison Services continue to be under-resourced, and a high population of prisoners is held on remand while awaiting trial. With other partners contributing to prison infrastructure development, INL will be focusing on prison management and protection of vulnerable populations such as children, and prisoners awaiting trial. This will be done through ongoing support to the nascent corrections service training academy and advisors to assist in the ongoing management of corrections in South Sudan.
     
  • Parallel to the bilateral efforts, INL will continue to support UNMISS in assisting the criminal justice sector through training and mentoring. INL plans to increase the number of civilian police, judicial, and corrections advisors seconded to the UN who will train and mentor local police, as well as provide equipment and other training support.

 

South Sudan

 

 

 

INL Budget

   

 

($000)

   

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Support to United Nations Peace-Keeping Missions (S. Sudan)

1,500

4,000

3,500

Police Development and Reform

7,500

8,000

7,300

Correctional Services Development

7,500

7,730

7,200

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

700

2,270

1,204

 

1.3 Subtotal

17,200

22,000

19,204

 

     

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Justice Reform

7,500

10,000

8,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

300

-

200

 

2.1 Subtotal

7,800

10,000

8,200

 

     

 

Total

25,000

32,000

27,404

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

300

870

500

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

200

200

200

 

ICASS Costs

100

200

100

 

Program Support

400

1,000

604

Total

1,000

2,270

1,404

Sudan

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

2,000

-

2,000

Program Overview

Established in 2007, The African Union/United Nations Mission UN Hybrid operation in Darfur (UNAMID) is the first joint UN/AU force and the UN’s largest peacekeeping mission. At almost full strength, UNAMID has approximately 20,000 troops, approximately 6,000 police and a significant civilian component. Since announcing a new policy of robustness in February 2011, the mission UNAMID has been increasingly proactive in increasing patrols and challenging the Government of Sudan’s restrictions on movement. The U.S. recognizes and welcomes the renewed focus of the mission on activities related to the protection of civilians and increasing humanitarian space.

Program Goals and Objectives

This program will increase security in Darfur by assisting the UN peace keeping mission to provide well-trained and equipped police peacekeepers whose presence alone provides a sense of security in the area. This program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan goals to Assist the Peaceful Transition of Sudan into two countries, and to Promote Democratic Reform in Sudan in the North and South Sudan. The program also supports INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform.

Objective 1: Support to United Nations Police (UNPOL) components of Peacekeeping Missions in Sudan: INL will provide support to U.S. contingents of Individual Police Officers (IPOs).

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • INL will support UN peacekeeping mission(s) in Sudan in assisting the local police to build enforcement capacity through training and mentoring.

 

Sudan

 

 

 

INL Budget

   

 

($000)

   

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Support to Formed Police Units Deployed to UN Missions

2,000

-

2,000

 

1.3 Subtotal

2,000

-

2,000

 

     

 

Total

2,000

-

2,000

Tanzania

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

450

450

450

Program Overview

While Tanzania has witnessed significant economic and political progress, it faces substantial criminal justice and transnational crime challenges. Tanzania’s criminal justice institutions have a limited capacity to provide effective and relevant security for its citizens as well as investigate and prosecute criminality, including corruption. Moreover, Tanzania is vulnerable to transnational crime, terrorism, and piracy, demonstrated by the 1998 terrorist bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Dar Es Salaam and increasing pirate activity in its waters. Recognizing these challenges, the Government of Tanzania continues to solicit support, partner, and coordinate defense and law enforcement activities with the U.S. Government. As a stable regional ally and integral member of both eastern and southern African regional organizations, assistance will help Tanzania consolidate and build on recent gains by improving criminal justice capacity.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Tanzania program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan Goal that Tanzania is governed in a fully accountable and democratic manner, efficiently delivering services to its citizens, and Goal that Tanzanians are secure from domestic and transnational threats and Americans are secure from threats originating from Tanzania. The program also supports INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan Goals of Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Assistance.

Objective 1: To improve the capability of Tanzanian law enforcement organizations to deliver effective and relevant security and justice.

Objective 2: To increase Tanzanian capacity to detect, investigate, and prosecute criminal activity including corruption, piracy, and terrorism.

Objective 3: To improve Tanzania’s ability to manage its borders through trainings, technical assistance, and institutional support.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Police Development and Reform Program funds will improve the capability of the Tanzanian police to develop and implement a community policing approach through technical assistance, training, and pilot initiatives. Funds will also target the intersection of law enforcement and the justice sector to help the Government of Tanzania investigate and prosecute criminal activity.

Border Security Program funds will develop the capability of the Government of Tanzania to manage the legal and illegal entry of people and goods through its land and sea borders.

 

Tanzania

 

 

 

INL Budget

   

 

($000)

   

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

400

400

400

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

50

50

50

 

1.3 Subtotal

450

450

450

 

     

 

Total

450

450

450

         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

ICASS Costs

0

0

0

 

Program Support

50

50

50

Total

50

50

50

 

Uganda

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

235

600

581

Program Overview

Uganda continues to be a leader in East Africa and a strong partner to the United States in advancing wider regional peace and security goals in the Great Lakes region and its own northern region. Challenges stemming from multiple bombings by Al-Shabab, the Lord’s Resistance Army’s withdrawal in 2006, and recurring civil disturbances, highlight a need for strengthening civilian law and order institutions nationwide. Among the key needs for promoting Uganda’s transition to a fully representative, multi-party democracy and restoring public confidence in Ugandan law enforcement institutions is the reform of the Ugandan criminal justice sector. Improving these institutions will enable Uganda to continue playing a strategic role in resolving regional transnational crime and terrorism threats.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Uganda program supports Embassy Kampala’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan regional Peace and Security priorities of continuing the development of the criminal justice sector.

Objective 1: Promote broad based rule of law reform by improving the coordination between the police, prosecution, and the judiciary, and increasing access to justice in Uganda.

Objective 2: Assist Ugandan justice sector institutions in addressing quality of life concerns such as domestic violence, gender based violence, child abuse/neglect, and human trafficking.

Objective 3: Assist the Ugandan Police in its efforts to combat corruption and enhance the accountability of police officers.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Law Enforcement Support

  • Community Policing Project will support Ugandan police efforts nationwide in establishing strong relationships with the communities they serve by effectively combating crime and addressing quality of life issues. INL’s police academy advisor is currently implementing this project.
     
  • Regional Police Academy Project will enhance the Ugandan Police Force by modernizing curricula, providing training materials, and teaching methodologies at both the academy and the in-service levels. Uganda’s national academy has begun to train police officers from neighboring countries such as Sudan and Somalia, and this project would assist the police in restructuring the curricula and reinforcing the skills of law enforcement personnel in Uganda and surrounding countries.

Uganda

   

 

     

 

INL Budget

   

 

 

     

 

($000)

   

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Law Enforcement Support

160

400

561

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

75

200

20

 

1.3 Subtotal

235

600

581

 

     

 

Total

235

600

581

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

ICASS Costs

35

70

20

 

Program Support

40

130

0

Total

75

200

20



Back to Top
Sign-in

Do you already have an account on one of these sites? Click the logo to sign in and create your own customized State Department page. Want to learn more? Check out our FAQ!

OpenID is a service that allows you to sign in to many different websites using a single identity. Find out more about OpenID and how to get an OpenID-enabled account.