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FY 2013 Program and Budget Guide: Near East


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Egypt

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

1,000

1,000

7,894

Program Overview

Recent unrest in Egypt calls attention to the important role of police services during the post-Mubarak transition and the need for effective criminal justice institutions oriented toward public service and crime reduction. The Ministries of Interior and Justice, and the institutions they oversee - especially the police - suffer from a deep credibility deficit with the public. These institutions also lack effective policies and procedures dealing with recruitment, training and management that would enable them to both reduce crime and build trust with the communities they are meant to serve. Civil society, including the press, is adapting to a new role in the post-Mubarak era, and will play an important part in promoting, overseeing, and crafting security sector reforms, and can serve as an important means of improved relations between Egyptians and the Egyptian public, including by providing bridges between victims of crime and the justice process. Vulnerable populations, especially women and third-country migrants, are left most acutely affected by a lack of justice services and merit additional focus. INCLE assistance will be used to support criminal justice sector reforms and assist in developing institutions that are more professional, accountable and responsive to the public.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Egypt program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of a democratic and transparent Egypt that serves as a positive force for regional peace and security; as well as INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan.

Objective 1: Support criminal justice sector reforms and develop institutions that are professional, accountable, and responsive to the public.

Objective 2: Enhance the ability of Egyptian criminal justice institutions to protect, and provide access to justice for, Egypt’s most vulnerable populations, including women, migrants, and juveniles.

Objective 3: To build civil society and legislative capacity to participate constructively in criminal justice reform processes and to monitor and conduct oversight of criminal justice institutions.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Police Modernization

  • Civilian/Democratic Approaches to Policing: INL programs will support the development of modern approaches to law enforcement, to include programs aimed at improving and incorporating investigative and prosecutorial techniques that reduce dependence on confessions-based evidence; programs will be used to improve capacity for the police and prosecutors in cooperating with, and providing services to, the public, especially in support of indigenous and context-appropriate approaches to community-based policing.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

Criminal Justice Reform

  • Supports the role of civil society in participating in reform processes involving the criminal justice sector, especially the Ministry of Interior, and supports the role of civil society in public oversight of criminal justice institutions.

     
  • Protection of Vulnerable Populations: Enhances capacity of Egyptian police, corrections, and judiciary in implementing anti-trafficking laws and improves conditions of detained migrants, especially in regions of Egypt where these populations are most vulnerable. Provides support for “safe” areas in major urban areas, where women and juveniles can expect access to police services and fair treatment.  

Egypt

 

 

 

INL Budget

   

 

($000)

   

 

 

 

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

 

 

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Police Modernization

935

700

3,894

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

65

300

1,000

 

1.3 Subtotal

1,000

1,000

4,894

 

     

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Criminal Justice Reform

0

0

3,000

 

2.1 Subtotal

0

0

3,000

 

     

 

Total

1,000

1,000

7,894

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

150

500

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

0

200

 

ICASS Costs

40

50

50

 

Program Support

25

100

250

Total

65

300

1,000

Lebanon 

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

19,500

24,000

15,500

Program Overview

The enhancement of the Lebanese Internal Security Forces (ISF) is a key component of U.S. support for the rapid and full implementation of UNSCR 1701 and efforts to strengthen the institutions of the Lebanese state, including its security services. By helping develop an ISF capable of protecting Lebanon’s people, borders, sovereignty and dignity, U.S. support in Lebanon will promote stability and security in both Lebanon and the region. With continued support and assistance, and a plan in 2013 to assume full responsibility for training basic cadets, the ISF will further develop as an effective law enforcement institution throughout Lebanon and as a capable partner for U.S. law enforcement.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Lebanon program supports Department and Embassy 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of Achieving Peace and Security and Governing Justly and Democratically, as well as INL’s Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Programs.

Objective 1: Provide technical assistance and advice to the ISF to increase their professionalism, and an orientation toward the protection of, and service to, the Lebanese population, while improving country-wide perceptions of the ISF as a professional, non-sectarian institution.

Objective 2: Improve the capacity of the ISF to exert sovereign authority throughout Lebanese territory, including in Palestinian refugee camps.

Objective 3: Provide training, technical assistance and equipment to improve the Government of Lebanon’s (GOL) capacity to secure Lebanon's borders and halt arms smuggling, as called for in UNSCR 1701.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Corrections: FY 2013 funds will provide assistance to strengthen Lebanon’s corrections systems. INL will implement programs to develop Lebanese criminal justice capacity through training and infrastructure development for corrections institutions.

     
  • ISF Police Program: In FY 2013, the United States will near completion of the transition of direct involvement in basic training and equipping of the ISF, and will assume a lower profile advisory role, focusing programming on leadership development and program sustainment. In addition, the United States will expand assistance to other areas of the justice system to include corrections, courts, prosecution, etc., to help promote the rule of law improve internal security and to relieve the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) from law enforcement duties so that the army can focus on military responsibilities.

     
  • Communications Program: INL will support the ongoing program of establishing a secure, nationwide communications network throughout Lebanon for use by the ISF, a critical need in order to safeguard ISF command and control channels and operations. This project will be expanded to include a secure network that covers all regions of Lebanon. 

Lebanon

     

INL Budget

     

($000)

     
   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Law Enforcement Restructuring, Reform and Operations

16,500

20,375

12,500

Corrections Assistance

1,000

1,000

1,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

2,000

2,625

2,000

 

1.3 Subtotal

19,500

24,000

15,500

       

 

Total

19,500

24,000

15,500

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

900

1,125

900

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

100

250

100

 

ICASS Costs

160

260

160

 

Program Support

840

990

840

Total

2,000

2,625

2,000

Morocco

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

750

1,500

1,500

Program Overview

Morocco remains one of our most reliable allies in the often troubled broader Middle East and North Africa region. In the wake of the Arab Spring, the time is ripe to take advantage of new opportunities to promote durable democratic change and stability. INCLE resources will support projects to strengthen Morocco’s forensic analysis capability, prevent the recruitment of young offenders into terrorist groups, improve prison management, develop alternatives to imprisonment for youth, and improve judicial integrity and independence. The Government of Morocco (GOM) is an effective partner and has demonstrated the political will to tackle these challenges by signing a comprehensive INL Framework Agreement on criminal justice sector cooperation.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Morocco program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priority of Morocco playing a greater role in advancing stability throughout the Broader Middle East and North Africa region and the Sahel while successfully countering transnational threats at home, as well as INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan.

Objective 1: To help law enforcement and organizations build capacity to conduct criminal investigations and forensic analysis.

Objective 2: To assist judicial reform and anti-corruption efforts, and to provide alternative sentencing and pre-trial diversion mechanisms for juvenile offenders.

Objective 3: To support Morocco’s efforts to improve prison management and prevent the recruitment of young offenders into terrorist groups.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Forensic Development Project: Funds will improve the ability of law enforcement to collect and analyze fingerprint and DNA evidence; and will provide post-blast investigation training.

     
  • Corrections Reform Project: Funds will provide technical assistance to address the issue of radical groups within the correctional system and identify and divert youth within the system at the greatest risk for recruitment by extremist groups.

     
  • Anti-Corruption Project: Funds will support efforts to reform the legal system and address corruption by strengthening justice sector integrity; improve access to justice for the public, especially for juveniles; and increase the capacity to apply currently existing legislation.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

  • Judicial Reform Project: Funds will provide technical assistance to institutionalize alternative sentencing and pre-trial diversion mechanisms in the legal system, especially focused on juvenile offenders.  

Morocco

     

INL Budget

     

($000)

     
   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Security and Judicial Sector

300

500

750

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

450

450

450

 

1.3 Subtotal

750

950

1,200

       

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Security and Judicial Sector

0

550

300

 

2.1 Subtotal

0

550

300

       

 

Total

750

1,500

1,500

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

200

200

200

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

60

60

60

 

ICASS Costs

100

100

100

 

Program Support

90

90

90

Total

450

450

450

Near East Regional (TSCTP)

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

1,030

1,000

1,000

Program Overview

The Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership (TSCTP) is a multi-faceted, multi-year strategy aimed at defeating terrorist organizations by strengthening regional counterterrorism capabilities, and enhancing and institutionalizing cooperation among the region’s security forces. INCLE resources will be used to build criminal justice sector capacity in the Maghreb countries of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Funds will be used in the areas of law enforcement, border security, rule of law, and corrections. Funds are requested to provide training, technical assistance, and equipment for programs including, but not limited to, forensic development, technical assistance in border control, prison reform, judicial training, and anti-money laundering and countering terrorist financing to confront the challenges posed by terrorist organizations in the region, at the forefront of which is al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).

Program Goals and Objectives

The TSCTP program supports the relevant Embassies’ FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of Countering Terrorism and Peace and Security, and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Building Criminal Justice Systems and Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: To provide training, technical assistance and equipment support to civilian law enforcement, corrections and border security organizations to build their capacity to counter transnational crime.

Objective 2: To provide training and technical assistance to build criminal justice system capacity to prosecute and incarcerate terrorists.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Law Enforcement, Corrections and Border Control Projects: Funds will support training and technical assistance to build capacity to counter transnational criminal activity. Funding will facilitate cooperation between TSCTP member states through coordinated training efforts.

     
  • Judicial Reform Projects: Funds will support training and technical assistance to enhance justice sector officials’ capacity for prosecuting, trying, and handling transnational criminal and terrorism cases.

     
  • Anti-corruption Projects: Funds will bolster local capacity to address corruption and build the capacity of legal and judicial sector professionals. 

Near East Regional (TSCTP)

     
         

INL Budget

     
         

($000)

     
   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership

980

950

950

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

50

50

50

 

1.3 Subtotal

1,030

1,000

1,000

       

 

Total

1,030

1,000

1,000

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

ICASS Costs

0

0

0

 

Program Support

50

50

50

Total

50

50

50

Tunisia 

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

1,500

-

8,000

Program Overview

Calls for criminal justice reform were at the heart of the Tunisian revolution, which was ignited by a police officer’s abuse of authority and fueled by the public’s outrage over police violence and rampant official corruption. Under Ben Ali, the police, courts, and prisons were used to silence and intimidate regime opposition rather than to promote public security or bring criminals to justice. The judiciary was controlled by the president and could not serve as a check on the executive’s powers. Supporting Tunisia’s efforts to establish more transparent, accountable, and effective criminal justice institutions, particularly a police that serves citizens and an independent judiciary, is imperative for its successful transition to democracy.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Tunisia program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of Achieving Peace and Security and Governing Justly and Democratically, and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: To support a police reform process aimed at reorganizing Tunisia’s civilian law enforcement institutions and making them more accountable and transparent, developing a citizen-centered mission, and implementing democratic policing practices.

Objective 2: To enhance the professionalism, independence, and accountability of the judiciary, in order to enhance the judiciary’s capacity to prosecute and adjudicate crimes, including corruption.

Objective 3: To enhance the capacity of the Tunisian correctional system to manage prisons and detention centers in a safe, secure, humane, and transparent fashion.

Objective 4: To build civil society and legislative capacity to engage in criminal justice reform processes and to monitor and conduct oversight of criminal justice institutions.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Supports efforts to reorganize the Tunisian police, endow it with a citizen-centered mission, and implement more democratic policing practices, in order to develop its capacity to protect public safety, prevent and combat crime, respect human rights, and work with prosecutors to bring perpetrators to justice.

     
  • Assists Tunisian corrections systems in their efforts to design and implement sustainable institutional reforms and respect prisoners’ human rights.

     
  • Supports efforts to develop more democratic, responsive, and accountable criminal justice institutions that respect human rights and promote the rule of law, through efforts to improve judicial independence and combat corruption.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

  • Currently, both in law and in practice, the executive has almost exclusive control over the judiciary. INL will undertake efforts to address some of the legal issues impacting the independence of the judiciary, as well as work with training institutes and associations to improve the professionalism and technical capacity of judicial and legal personnel to tackle sophisticated and complex criminal matters. This is particularly urgent given the public’s demand for accountability of former regime officials and the complicated cases Tunisia’s criminal justice system is now responsible for investigating, prosecuting, and adjudicating.

     
  • INL will support efforts to investigate and prosecute high corruption committed by former regime officials, and well as develop a legal framework to deter, detect, and punish future acts of corruption. Combating corruption was the main impetus for the protests that led to former President Ben Ali’s ouster and emerged as the key legal issue currently facing the criminal justice system in Tunisia.  

Tunisia

     

INL Budget

     

($000)

     
   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Criminal Justice Sector Support

850

-

4,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

150

-

1,000

 

1.3 Subtotal

1,000

-

5,000

       

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Criminal Justice Reform

500

-

3,000

 

2.1 Subtotal

500

-

3,000

       

 

Total

1,500

-

8,000

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

-

-

500

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

-

-

200

 

ICASS Costs

-

-

50

 

Program Support

150

-

250

Total

150

-

1,000

West Bank/Gaza

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

150,000

100,000

70,000

Program Overview

The Palestinian Authority (PA) Security Sector Reform Program (SSRP) is helping to create professional and competent Palestinian Authority Security Forces (PASF) that can provide rule of law and combat terrorism in the West Bank. In this regard, the SSRP advances leading objectives of the Roadmap for Peace and contributes significantly toward achieving a two-state solution to the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, a key U.S. foreign policy objective. Since becoming operational in August 2007, the SSRP has progressed rapidly and achieved tangible training, equipping, and garrisoning objectives for over 5,000 PA Security Forces as well as other capacity-building goals. Training, equipping, and garrisoning of eight National Security Force Special Battalions has been, or is being, met. The Palestinian Authority has deployed these forces successfully to respond to urgent security requirements in Jenin, Bethlehem, Hebron, Qalqilyah and elsewhere in the West Bank, providing law enforcement, fighting serious crime, countering terrorism, and meeting other threats to the rule of law. They have performed impressively according to U.S., Israeli, and Palestinian officials, as well as Palestinian citizens themselves. The successful operations by these security forces underscored the need to broaden the program into complementary Rule of Law (ROL) initiatives in the Justice and Corrections sectors. Accordingly, INL added a justice sector project in 2009, and introduced corrections and civil defense projects in 2010, all the while sustaining train and equip initiatives with the security forces.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Security Sector Reform Program supports the Roadmap requirements to have consolidated and professionalized Palestinian Security Forces eventually replace Israeli forces in the West Bank and underpins priorities in PA Prime Minister Fayyad’s reform and institution-building program. Announced in late 2009, PM Fayyad’s program aims to establish the foundations of an independent, viable Palestinian state that can meet the needs of its citizens without reliance on external donor support. Accordingly, INL programs support the FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan’s goal to reform Palestinian security forces to improve law and order and reduce terrorism.

Objective 1: Provide follow-on training and equipment to PA Security Force to help maintain and sustain their deployments and maintain law and order and combat terrorism throughout PA-controlled areas of the West Bank.

Objective 2: Provide infrastructure support to facilitate the operations and sustainment of the trained forces by building operations and logistics support facilities.

Objective 3: Build institutional cooperation among criminal investigators, prosecutors, and other justice sector actors so that stronger criminal cases are developed leading to faster, fairer, and more transparent judgments.

Objective 4: Strengthen and improve the corrections sector so that prisoners are managed in a safe, secure, and humane environment that is consistent with international standards, promotes the rule of law, and affords them opportunity for rehabilitation.

Objective 5: Support the development of strategic planning in the Ministry of Interior and promote its institutional capacity to manage the security forces in a coordinated manner.

Objective 6: Strengthen the civil protection forces so that fire, rescue, and other first responders are better able to protect the lives, property, and public safety of Palestinian citizens.

FY 2013 Program

  • Funds will continue to provide programmatic (training, equipment) and periodic technical assistance support to the Ministry of Interior’s Strategic Planning Department Unit with the goal of ensuring that the Palestinian Authority is fully capable of managing and accomplishing its own strategic planning for the PASF and to support the Ministry’s institutionalization.

     
  • Funds will support sustainment and refresher training in Jordan and the West Bank for previously trained National Security Force (NSF) Special Battalions. Palestinian Civil Police and other members of the security forces will also benefit from leadership and other specialized joint training courses in the West Bank. An instructor development program will focus on developing a cadre of PASF instructors. Funding will address the need to resupply the security forces with equipment that has depreciated since the start of the program in 2007. The Borders and Crossings train, equip, and facilities program will be sustained to support the Palestinian Authority’s border crossing plan.

     
  • Funds will accelerate a program that started in 2010 to provide operational and tactical training and equipment to an initial cadre of Palestinian Authority Civil Protection forces. Most of the funds will be used for comprehensive fire, medical, and disaster response training at the Jordanian Civil Defense Academy near Amman, and to provide specialized training in the West Bank. Funds will also be used to refurbish and/or build several civil defense emergency response facilities in the West Bank. Funds will also be used to procure key equipment such as emergency response vehicles and survival breathing equipment.

     
  • Funds for the Justice Sector Support project will continue the accelerated work – modeled after the highly successful Jenin Governorate project – to build strong and effective case management systems in several other governorates. Efforts will focus mostly on training and mentoring civilian police criminal investigators and public prosecutors with the goals of fostering closer cooperation and enhancing their ability to develop solid criminal cases from arrival at the crime scene through prosecution in the courts. The program includes operational and office equipment to ensure good performance, and office renovation and construction aimed at giving the prosecutors more and better space to improve their management and efficiency. Additional funds will be used to continue a project in cooperation with the European Union Police Co-operating Office for Palestinian Police Support (EUPOL/COPPS) to construct or renovate, furnish, and equip selected police stations in the West Bank. Projects to focus assistance on such topics as gender and juvenile justice, drug trafficking, and witness protection will be introduced.

     
  • Most of the funds for a Corrections program will be used to achieve a top priority of the Palestinian Authority corrections service (CRCD – Corrections Rehabilitation Centers Department), a centralized corrections complex containing a central prison, CRCD administrative offices, and a training complex. Additional training funds will be used to continue to develop leadership and administration skills of senior CRCD officials, and to develop CRCD’s own training staff. Funds will also be used to provide essential furnishings and basic operational equipment for corrections staff.

 

West Bank-Gaza

     

INL Budget

     

($000)

     
   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Training

53,500

37,800

24,400

Non-Lethal Equipment

30,000

9,700

7,000

Infrastructure Development

45,500

8,800

2,500

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

4,500

6,300

6,300

 

1.3 Subtotal

133,500

62,600

40,200

       

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Training

2,500

5,000

5,600

Non-Lethal Equipment

3,000

5,500

3,100

Strategic Development/Capacity Building

500

-

-

Infrastructure Development

7,500

14,300

8,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

500

1,200

3,000

 

2.1 Subtotal

14,000

26,000

19,700

       

 

2.2 Good Governance

   

 

Strategic Development/Capacity Building

2,500

5,900

5,400

Infrastructure Development

-

4,500

3,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.2)

-

1,000

1,700

 

2.2 Subtotal

2,500

11,400

10,100

       

 

Total

150,000

100,000

70,000

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

950

3,410

4,500

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

220

580

1,200

 

ICASS Costs

400

510

800

 

Program Support

3,430

4,000

4,500

Total

5,000

8,500

11,000

Yemen

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

1,750

11,000

4,000

Program Overview

The prevalence of corruption, the lack of judicial independence, security force abuses, and the absence of the rule of law are widespread grievances in Yemen, fueling the demonstrations that occurred for much of 2011 and led to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-brokered agreement for President Saleh to step down, the security forces to be reorganized, and the constitution to be reformed. As Yemen undergoes its transition, INCLE assistance will be used to support the development of criminal justice institutions that are more effective, transparent, and accountable, that respect human rights, and that respond to citizens’ justice and security needs, particularly at local levels.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Yemen program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of Achieving Peace and Security and Governing Justly and Democratically, and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: To improve the capacity of civilian law enforcement institutions to prevent and combat crime, respond to citizens’ public safety concerns, and enforce the rule of law.

Objective 2: To enhance the professionalism, independence, and accountability of the judiciary and to increase access to justice.

Objective 3: To enhance the capacity of the Yemeni correctional system to operate in a safe, secure, and transparent manner and to respect human rights.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Criminal Justice Sector Support: Builds sustainable capacity within the civilian police to investigate crime, work with prosecutors to bring perpetrators to justice, communicate and engage with citizens, improve command and control, establish internal and external controls to enhance accountability, and implement more modern and democratic internal management systems.

     
  • Corrections Assistance: Builds sustainable capacity within the prison administration to operate prisons in a safe, secure, humane, and rights-respecting manner.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

  • Criminal Justice Reform: Supports efforts to enhance access to justice, to improve the independence, professionalism, and responsiveness of the judiciary, to build judicial capacity to combat corruption, and to promote legal awareness and rights education.  

Yemen

     

INL Budget

     

($000)

     
   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Criminal Justice Sector Support

1,000

4,500

1,750

Corrections Assistance

-

1,375

-

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

375

1,125

750

 

1.3 Subtotal

1,375

7,000

2,500

       

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Criminal Justice Reform

375

4,000

1,500

 

2.1 Subtotal

375

4,000

1,500

       

 

Total

1,750

11,000

4,000

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

150

500

400

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

50

100

100

 

ICASS Costs

50

300

100

 

Program Support

125

225

150

Total

375

1,125

750



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