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Diplomacy in Action

FY 2013 Program and Budget Guide: South and Central Asia


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Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
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For the countries of Central Asia, the FY 2013 budget includes requests for foreign assistance resources under the International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE) account for law enforcement, counternarcotics, and rule of law projects for programs formerly supported through the Assistance for Europe Eurasia and Central Asia (AEECA) account.

Afghanistan

Budget Summary ($000)

 

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

Core

400,000

-

400,000

OCO *

-

324,000

200,000

TOTAL

400,000

324,000

600,000

* The Afghanistan OCO programs are described in the OCO chapter beginning on page 272.

Program Overview

FY 2013 INCLE funds will continue implementing core stabilization and security programs as the fiscal year straddles the period of transition for the U.S. mission in Afghanistan to one of host nation security lead. The FY 2013 INCLE request will allow INL to continue operating in major population centers throughout Afghanistan, even as DoD withdraws and closes its regional training facilities in which INL justice, corrections and counternarcotics programs have been able to operate over the past several years. Continued support of nascent but functioning local criminal justice systems is critical to ensuring stabilization of Afghanistan during and after the military drawdown.

Program Goals and Objectives

The FY 2013 request for counternarcotics programs supports the U.S. Counternarcotics Strategy for Afghanistan, U.S. Government counterinsurgency goals, and the key priorities of Afghanistan’s National Drug Control Strategy, including targeting the nexus between narco-traffickers and the insurgency, reducing poppy cultivation and the demand for drugs, and building the capacity of the GIRoA’s counternarcotics institutions.

INL’s Administration of Justice program supports Afghanistan’s National Justice Sector Strategy and the U.S. Government’s strategic goals for justice and corrections system reform in Afghanistan. The program also supports the Afghanistan and Pakistan Regional Stabilization Strategy’s key initiatives to Strengthen Afghan Governance and Enhance Afghan Rule of Law.

Objective 1: Disrupt and dismantle the narcotics-insurgent-corruption nexus targets. Enhance the capacity and sustainability of specialized investigative and interdiction units of the Counter Narcotics Police of Afghanistan (CNPA) to collect intelligence, target drug traffickers and corrupt actors, and disrupt processing operations and trafficking networks.

Objective 2: Increase support for the GIRoA’s demand reduction and treatment programs. Increase support for residential and outpatient drug treatment facilities, particularly for women, adolescents and children, and coordinate and implement a national drug abuse prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation program.

Objective 3: Support sub-national supply reduction programs. Support provincial Afghan-led supply reduction efforts, including Counternarcotics Public Information, Governor-Led Eradication (GLE), and the Good Performers Initiative (GPI) program.

Objective 4: Improve counternarcotics strategic communications. Integrate counternarcotics communications with other information and public diplomacy efforts, enhance the effectiveness of the Ministry of Counter Narcotics outreach and public information efforts and support the development of a comprehensive year-round public information campaign.

Objective 5: Combat corruption and expand access to justice. Tackle the pervasive culture of impunity and improve and expand access to the state justice sector by increasing gender justice capacity and reducing corruption in the sector’s institutions. Also, help build public awareness and demand for rule of law and individual legal rights.

Objective 6: Develop a corrections system that meets international standards. Help build a safe, secure, and humane Afghan corrections system that meets international standards and Afghan cultural requirements, including focusing on women and rehabilitation of insurgent inmates.

Objective 7: Develop institutional capacity in the justice sector. Build the leadership capacity of the Afghan government’s justice sector officials, including the Ministry of Justice and the Attorney General’s Office and the capacity of justice institutions to provide efficient and equitable services.

FY 2013 Program

Counternarcotics

Supply Reduction

  • Governor Led Eradication (GLE): INL funds will provide financial support for government eradication planning and execution, including a program to reimburse provincial governors for UNODC and Ministry of Counter Narcotics (MCN)-verified eradication. Funds may also support Ministry of Interior and provincial governors’ information, planning, outreach, and implementation campaigns associated with eradication.

Alternative Development

  • Good Performers Initiative (GPI): GPI continues to incentivize provincial governors’ counternarcotics and supply reduction activities, and deliver development assistance to provinces that have successfully reduced and eliminated poppy cultivation. FY 2013 funding will support MCN’s continued efforts to streamline GPI implementation, procurement, and oversight. Where possible, INL will work with provincial authorities to strengthen their ability to utilize previously-awarded GPI funding via the MCN.
     
  • Monitoring, Verification, and Regional Cooperation: Funds will support monitoring of illicit crops, eradication verification, and assessment surveys through UNODC, including its Annual Opium Survey, which serves as the basis for GPI awards and GLE reimbursements. Funding will build the Afghan government’s ability to independently monitor and research drug trafficking and consumption trends in the region, and will support programs to strengthen regional counternarcotics cooperation between Afghanistan and its neighbors, including via international organizations.

Interdiction

  • Drug Enforcement: Funds will provide operations and maintenance support to Counternarcotics Police of Afghanistan (CNPA) facilities and include life support, mentoring, salary supplements and capacity building of the CNPA vetted units and their specialized teams. Funds will provide mentoring and support to the provincial CNPA and support an indigenous Afghan capacity to vet police officers and government officials through the use of polygraphs. FY 2013 funds will provide mentoring by experts in policy and administration issues at the Ministry of Interior (MOI), and may be used to provide salary support, equipment, supplies, logistical needs, and IT infrastructure at the MOI.

Demand Reduction and Public Information

  • Demand Reduction: FY 2013 funding will support drug treatment and rehabilitation capacity, as well as continue development of a nationwide treatment delivery system, including programs for women, children and adolescents, as well as treatment protocols for infants. INL funding will support clinical services, mentoring programs for female addiction counselors, village based treatments, and drug prevention programs for Afghan boys’ and girls’ schools, mullahs/mosques and madrassahs.
     
  • Counter Narcotics Public Information (CNPI): In 2013, the CNPI program will provide oversight support for the MCN as it continues to assume increased responsibility and ownership of national CNPI media campaigns, and continue and expand the MCN and Ministry of Education drug prevention and life-skills program in Afghan schools.

Ministry of Counter Narcotics Capacity Building

  • Ministry of Counter Narcotics Capacity Building: The MCN capacity building program will continue to provide mentoring, as necessary, by capacity building experts in key areas such as administration, human resources, finance, procurement and policy development. FY 2013 funds will be used to fund life support costs for mentors and may provide salary support, equipment, supplies, logistical needs, and IT infrastructure at the MCN.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

Justice System Development

  • Justice Sector Capacity Building: With the CORE component of this funding, the Justice Sector Support Program (JSSP) will continue training and mentoring programs on a nationwide basis, helping investigators, prosecutors, defense attorneys, and judges more effectively promote security and governance. Funding will also allow direct support to the Attorney General’s Office, Ministry of Justice, Supreme Court, Ministry of Women’s Affairs, and other justice organizations for infrastructure, system integration, and other needed development projects. The focus on building sustainability within Afghan justice institutions will increase through a continuing program to develop organizational capacity for planning, financing, communication, and functionality at the national and provincial level.
     
  • Access to Justice: FY 2013 funding will support projects that promote the protection of legal rights and citizen access to, and participation in, the justice system. Programs will focus on building up the capacity of the citizenry to demand their rights, and will directly support democratic governance goals. Projects will include citizen polling, public outreach campaigns, rights awareness campaigns, and promotion and support of defense attorneys—including support to legal defense NGOs, protection of human rights and interaction between the formal and informal justice systems.
     
  • INL Training Centers: Funds will support the consolidation of many of INL’s programs in Kabul into one location to increase synergy between the programs, improve oversight and support a facility to expand the Afghan Government’s capacity to provide sustainable training. This consolidated camp will require operations and maintenance, security, and other support services for program and oversight of personnel, advisors and residents. Funding will also support independent training facilities in the provinces, which provide localized mentoring and training efforts.
     
  • Gender Justice - Protecting Women and Girls: FY 2013 funds will support a protective services initiative for women and children to provide female victims’ assistance shelters in several Afghan provinces and develop a standardized training component for shelter caregivers. Funds would support legal education for female students at Afghan Law and Sharia universities, professional development programs for Afghan female justice practitioners, legal aid for indigent women and children, and promotion of women’s legal rights.

Corrections System Development

  • Corrections Training and Capacity Building: FY2013 funds will support INL’s ongoing mission in partnering with the Afghan Government, as well as an embedded capacity building team at the Central Prison Directorate (CPD) headquarters, to develop and implement strategic plans for the development of a safe, secure and humane Afghan corrections system. Funds will also provide salary support for the CPD through the Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan. INL’s Corrections Sector Support Program (CSSP) advisory, support and training would continue at provincial prisons, as would special teams focusing on capacity building, rehabilitation of inmates, including vocational and educational training, initiatives for women and juveniles and expanded training initiatives, including bringing Afghan corrections officers to the United States for intensive specialized training programs at INL’s State Partners’ correctional facilities. FY 2013 funds will also provide mentoring by experts in policy and administration issues at the Ministry of Interior (MOI), and may be used to provide salary support, equipment, supplies, logistical needs, and IT infrastructure at the MOI.
     
  • Vulnerable Populations and Systemic Challenges: Funding will support a variety of services and alternatives to incarceration for vulnerable inmate populations, including women (and their children), and juveniles. Support would include rehabilitation programs for women aimed at enabling them to rejoin society post-incarceration. Funds would also focus on rehabilitation and alternatives to incarcerations to mitigate the overcrowding problem in Afghan prisons. Funds will also provide support for the continued development of Afghan-led prison monitoring efforts, through the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission.

Major Crimes and Anti-Corruption

  • Counternarcotics Justice Center: FY 2013 funds will continue to provide operations and maintenance for the Counternarcotics Justice Center (CNJC), support Department of Justice mentors for counternarcotics investigators, prosecutors and judges, and develop linkages between the Kabul-based CNJC and the Provincial Justice Centers—promoting security in those regions.
     
  • Anti-Corruption and Major Crimes Task Force: Funding will support the Anti-Corruption Tribunal, Anti-Corruption Unit, the Major Crimes Task Force, and other Afghan government and civil society organizations focused on good governance through accountability and transparency.

Aviation

  • Aviation Support Program: The cost of the aviation services required by INL’s Afghanistan programs (to include aircraft operations and maintenance, facilities, and other applicable charges) will be funded by INL through the Department’s Aviation Working Capital Fund. For FY 2013, INL’s aviation assets will provide critical security, overhead support and secure transport to and from regional aviation hubs for Mission Kabul personnel to provincial and district destinations that will be lacking safe and reliable access over-land. Additionally, as the military drawdown continues, mission support for DEA-mentored CNPA operations will require increased tactical support by INL aircraft. FY 2013 funds will also support an increased level of travel by Afghan government officials and employees, as well as local and international, non-governmental officials and staff and INL program and contract monitoring staff.

Afghanistan

       

INL Budget

       

($000)

       
   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

FY 2013

   

Core Actual

OCO Estimate

Core Request

OCO Request

1.4 Counternarcotics

     

 

Counternarcotics Support

     

 

 

Supply Reduction (1)

1,000

1,000

4,000

0

 

Sustainable Alternative Development

40,000

13,000

14,000

15,000

 

Aviation Support (2)

45,000

20,100

22,500

4,500

 

Drug Enforcement - Interdiction

45,000

46,000

50,000

20,000

 

Demand Reduction & Public Information

17,000

14,000

16,000

0

 

Ministry of Counter Narcotics Capacity Building

10,000

2,000

5,000

0

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

7,500

10,532

6,178

3,203

 

1.4 Subtotal

165,500

106,632

117,678

42,703

         

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

     

 

Administration of Justice

     

 

 

Justice System Development

93,000

65,000

116,000

65,000

 

Corrections System Development

76,000

67,000

90,000

40,000

 

Counter-Narcotics Justice & Anti-Corruption

10,000

17,000

9,000

30,000

 

Aviation Support (2)

45,000

46,900

52,500

10,500

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

10,500

21,468

14,822

11,797

 

2.1 Subtotal

234,500

217,368

282,322

157,297

         

 

Total

400,000

324,000

400,000

200,000

           

(1) In FY 2012 and FY 2013 Supply Reduction encompassed only Governor-Led Eradication.

         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

8,800

16,000

11,000

7,000

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

3,200

4,000

3,000

2,500

 

ICASS Costs

4,500

9,000

5,000

4,000

 

Program Support

1,500

3,000

2,000

1,500

Total

18,000

32,000

21,000

15,000

Bangladesh

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

350

674

674

Program Overview

As Bangladesh works to consolidate the democratic transition that began after the elections of December 2008, U.S. programs will support this effort by promoting democratic stability and regional cooperation as a foundation for countering extremism and terrorism. Weak rule of law and delivery of police services have allowed space for transnational and domestic criminal and other illicit activities. An effective criminal justice system is required to address threats and support good governance. The INL assistance program currently supports an inter-agency community-policing initiative, and proposed activities will support broader justice system reform efforts.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Bangladesh program supports the embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of Denial of Space to Extremism through Security Sector and Education Reform, and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform.

Objective 1: To improve prosecutorial and judicial training and skills development, develop better use of criminal procedure tools, and provide recommendations for improving the operations of the criminal justice system.

FY 2013 Program

Rule of Law and Human Rights

Justice Reform

  • Legal Advisors will provide training and operational support for prosecutors and judges to support skills development. Assistance will support efforts to increase efficiencies and transparency of the judicial process, improve rates of prosecutions and convictions, and promote stronger working relationships between criminal justice sector actors and institutions.
  • The program may include, but is not limited to, introducing recommendations for improvements in substantive and procedural laws and regulations governing the conduct of major crime prosecutions and adjudication, and supporting police-prosecutor collaboration.
  • A range of training programs will develop more professional and independent prosecutorial and judicial services.

Bangladesh

     

INL Budget

     

($000)

     
   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Justice Reform

320

659

654

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

30

15

20

 

2.1 Subtotal

350

674

674

       

 

Total

350

674

674

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

ICASS Costs

0

0

0

 

Program Support

30

15

20

Total

30

15

20

Kazakhstan

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

-

-

1,471

Program Overview

Kazakhstan is geographically strategic, ethnically diverse, and resource rich. It is the ninth largest country in the world, roughly the size of Western Europe. Kazakhstan is also a main transit country for Afghan-origin narcotics being smuggled to Western Europe. Kazakhstan’s law enforcement agencies continue to improve their overall professionalism and capacities to fight transnational threats such as narcotics, trafficking in persons, and organized crime. Kazakh agencies are also working on increasing their capacity to address the growing demand for drugs – through both prevention and drug treatment. INL continues to support U.S. foreign policy objectives of enhancing our relationship with Kazakhstan as partners in regional and strategic security, promoting the development of democratic institutions, and stopping the flow of drugs from Afghanistan.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Kazakhstan program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of Effective Partners in Regional and Strategic Security, and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Counternarcotics, addressing Transnational Crime and Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: To enhance the capability of Kazakhstani law enforcement officers to combat crime and ensure public safety in a professional, non-corrupt manner.

Objective 2: To strengthen border security and counternarcotics efforts, including drug abuse prevention and treatment.

Objective 3: To improve the investigation and prosecution of domestic and transnational crime, including through anti-money laundering and forensics efforts.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Border Security Project

  • Expands the capacity of the Kazakhstan Border Guard Service by providing training, technical assistance, and equipment donations at border guard institutions in the country.
  • Assistance is delivered largely through technical experts, and includes training border guard officers in specialized topics such as profiling drug traffickers, personal concealment tactics, and other topics related to border security and counternarcotics.
  • Assistance is also focused on canine units and includes delivery of advanced canine training courses in search and seizure techniques for explosives, narcotics and other contraband. The provision of specialized canine equipment is also planned.

Counternarcotics

  • Drug Interdiction project strengthens Kazakhstan’s counternarcotics capacity through provision of training in narcotics investigations and methods to increase convictions of drug traffickers; instructor development courses; and provision of technical expertise on counternarcotics legislation and international best practices to help improve Kazakhstan’s legal and regulatory regime.
  • This project complements the activities of the Central Asia Counternarcotics Initiative (CACI) by developing capacities among potential participants in CACI Vetted Units and among those agencies such as border services which are not the focus of CACI.
  • Demand Reduction project provides support for demand reduction activities through training on drug awareness and drug prevention to government, educational institutions and NGOs.
  • The Program Development and Support budget includes a Law Enforcement Section (LES) director, as well as the associated locally-engaged staff, ICASS, and administrative support costs.

Transnational Crime

  • Anti-Trafficking in Persons project will continue to expand the victim identification program to train not only police units with direct anti-trafficking responsibilities (anti-trafficking units and migration units) but also police officers and other government officers who have not previously been exposed to counter trafficking practices (community police officers, duty officers, patrol officers, and police inspectors, labor inspectors, consular officers, border guards, and medical personnel).
     
  • The project will also continue advanced training for anti-trafficking units of the MVD Criminal Police Committee and migration units of newly established MVD Migration Police Committee, and continue training for investigators from the Investigative Committee, as well as prosecutors and judges to improve understanding of TIP prosecution.

Kazakhstan

INL Budget

         
   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Border Security

-

-

200

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

-

-

298

 

1.3 Subtotal

-

-

498

       

 

1.4 Counter-Narcotics

   

 

Drug Interdiction

-

-

183

Demand Reduction

-

-

108

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

-

-

433

 

1.4 Subtotal

-

-

724

       

 

1.5 Transnational Crime

   

 

Trafficking in Persons and Migrants Smuggling

-

-

100

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.5)

-

-

149

 

1.5 Subtotal

-

-

249

       

 

Total

 

 

1,471

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

-

-

371

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

-

-

143

 

ICASS Costs

-

-

274

 

Program Support

-

-

92

Total

-

-

880

             

Kyrgyz Republic

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

-

-

6,156

Program Overview

The Kyrgyz Republic is a major partner for the United States in its effort in Afghanistan and a nascent democracy. The country sits astride several channels of the Afghan narcotics trade and suffers from instability caused by ethnic and regional conflicts and weak criminal justice institutions. The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has initiated institutional reform and development of its security services, but these efforts are hampered by corruption and competing elite interests. Strengthening the nation’s police force is a priority as the new government works to improve public trust in the nation’s institutions. INL assistance programs focus on improving police capacity to deliver services to the Kyrgyz people, enhancing the forensics skills needed to investigate crime, strengthening criminal justice actors to ensure a legal system that targets and tries criminal suspects in a human rights-compliant manner, and diminishing the power of drug trafficking organizations.

Program Goals and Objectives

INL’s program in the Kyrgyz Republic supports the host government’s Police Reform Strategy. The program also supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan Goals of 1) A more representative government, with a developing Parliamentary system, improves access to justice and is increasingly able to deliver citizen services, 2) The Kyrgyz Republic is increasingly able to maintain its domestic security and stability, and defend itself against transnational threats), and 3) The United States is positively associated with the development of a stable, free, and independent Kyrgyz Republic where democratic principles are upheld and human rights promoted and protected. The program also supports INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan Goals to 1) Support the Drug Control Efforts of Major Drug Source and Transit Countries by Strengthening the Capacity of International Partners to Disrupt the Drug Trade, 2) Support Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Assistance, and 3) Combat Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: To promote the provision of professional law enforcement services to the Kyrgyz Republic’s citizens via institutional reform, training, material support, and the establishment of better trust and cooperation between the police and the people.

Objective 2: To improve the capacity and capability of the Kyrgyz Republic’s counternarcotics law enforcement agencies to identify, thwart and dismantle sophisticated transnational drug trafficking syndicates operating in and around the country.

Objective 3: To improve the skills and legal knowledge of the Kyrgyz Republic’s justice sector actors and average citizens to help ensure that national and international standards of human rights and a fair legal process are upheld.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • A Senior Law Enforcement Advisor oversees INL programs and provides expert advice regarding training, equipment, and technical assistance for the Ministry of Internal Affairs and other law enforcement agencies.
  • Law Enforcement Reform supports institutional transformation of the Kyrgyz police through projects identified in coordination with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and other donors, including reform of human resources, internal investigations, and policies and procedures, along with training in human rights-compliant professional police practices.
  • Enhancing Forensics Capability provides training, equipment, and technical assistance to the national forensics laboratories of the Kyrgyz Republic to improve the ability of lab technicians to provide quality analyses for use in court trials by prosecutors and defense attorneys.
  • Anti-Corruption Assistance supports the police reform process through development and support of civilian oversight mechanisms.

Counternarcotics

  • Drug Interdiction supports the State Drug Control Service, which is an increasingly effective counternarcotics unit targeting entrenched organized criminal groups. The project, implemented by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, supplements salaries for agency personnel, provides some training and equipment, and renovates facilities.
  • This project complements the activities of the Central Asia Counternarcotics Initiative (CACI) by developing capacities within the State Drug Control Service which is expected to house a future CACI Vetted Unit, limited to 20-25 officers.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

  • The Resident Legal Advisor helps strengthen the Kyrgyz Republic’s criminal justice sector through provision of training and expertise to prosecutors, joint projects with other legal-sector actors, and analysis and recommendations concerning new or revised legislation.
  • The Criminal Law Program, implemented by the American Bar Association’s Rule of Law Initiative, builds the capacity of defense attorneys and supports a stronger role for them in the Kyrgyz Republic’s court system by advocating for reform, analyzing relevant legislation, and raising public awareness of legal rights.

Kyrgyz Republic

INL Budget

         

 

   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Senior Law Enforcement Advisor

-

-

380

Law Enforcement Reform

-

-

2,632

Enhanced Forensics Capability

-

-

200

Anti-Corruption Assistance

-

-

325

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

-

-

639

 

1.3 Subtotal

-

-

4,176

       

 

1.4 Counternarcotics

   

 

Drug Interdiction

-

-

660

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

-

-

120

 

1.4 Subtotal

-

-

780

       

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Resident Legal Advisor

-

-

660

Criminal Law Program

-

-

340

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

-

-

200

 

2.1 Subtotal

-

-

1,200

       

 

Total

-

-

6,156

         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

-

-

625

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

-

-

40

 

ICASS Costs

-

-

200

 

Program Support

-

-

94

Total

-

-

959

               

Nepal

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

3,700

3,700

3,330

Program Overview

Nepal’s leading political parties recently achieved a breakthrough in progress toward the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Accord, which formally ended the decade-long Maoist insurgency in 2006. Nevertheless, the country continues to face challenges to its stability, and its state security and justice institutions remain weak. Efforts that support security development and enhance the rule of law throughout the country are a priority. INL assistance programs have supported election security and provided infrastructure development and training for Nepal’s police forces, while fostering engagement between police and civil society to identify shared concerns and devise strategies to strengthen law and order. It is in the United States’ interest to support efforts that aid Nepal to resolve its complex governance issues and help diminish lawlessness and prospects for a return to conflict.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Nepal program supports the host government’s Security Sector Reform strategy. The Nepal program also supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priority of Promote Nepal's Transition to Democracy and Stability, and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform.

Objective 1: To assist with building the capacity of law enforcement institutions to improve response and processing of crime scenes, improve information sharing, and assist with institution planning, training, and infrastructure improvements.

Objective 2: To provide guidance on legislative drafting and promoting rule of law through training of legal professionals, police, and civil society actors.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Law Enforcement Reform

  • Law Enforcement Training Project expands the capacity of law enforcement officials such as the Nepal Police and Armed Police Force by providing training, technical assistance, and equipment donations at selected sites and coordinates with various stakeholders to support long-term institution planning and development.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

  • Justice Sector Reform Project assists the Government of Nepal in a number of areas, which may include, but are not limited to, the provision of legal advisors or other experts; legislative drafting and case management development with legal professionals; supporting police-prosecutor cooperation; and promoting rule of law initiatives at the local level through training of prosecutors, police, magistrates, local authorities, and civil society.

Nepal

INL Budget

         

($000)

   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Law Enforcement Reform

2,595

2,585

2,325

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

10

15

15

 

1.3 Subtotal

2,605

2,600

2,340

       

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Justice Reform

1,085

1,085

975

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

10

15

15

 

2.1 Subtotal

1,095

1,100

990

       

 

Total

3,700

3,700

3,330

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

ICASS Costs

0

0

0

 

Program Support

20

30

30

Total

20

30

30

           

Pakistan

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

114,298

116,000

124,000

Program Overview

The Government of Pakistan (GOP) continues to face the significant threats of terrorism, extremism, crime, and narcotics trafficking. INL training, technical assistance, and materiel support for civilian security entities throughout Pakistan strengthen and enhance the GOP’s ability to address the destabilizing forces that foster corruption and undermine governance and the rule of law. INL’s Pakistan program remains a critical element in achieving the top U.S. national security goal of disrupting, dismantling, and defeating al-Qaida, its affiliates, and other terrorist organizations and violent extremists. While a reduction in the size of safe havens along the Afghanistan- Pakistan border has been seen, this area remains a location and breeding ground for terrorist activity. We will continue to work with the GOP bilaterally, as well as with multilateral organizations, to counter the drivers of violent extremism, and address financial, narcotics, and precursor and weapons-trafficking networks that support terrorist organizations.

In addition to contributions to GOP security, INL’s programs extend the writ of the GOP into formerly inaccessible regions of Pakistan with aviation support and road construction, including for law enforcement access, humanitarian assistance in times of natural disaster, internal displacement due to conflict, and developmental purposes. In doing so, INL supports the GOP’s ability to meet their basic responsibilities to their own people, expand control over its territory, provide security, and improve the welfare for its people. INL programming also supports the objectives of the U.S. civilian assistance strategy to Pakistan by building the capacity of Pakistan’s local, provincial, and national government entities to uphold the rule of law and provide essential government services. Where possible, INL’s programs incorporate support to women, juveniles, and other vulnerable groups, as well as human right messaging.

INL’s programming in Pakistan supports security and justice sector reform through a variety of measures. The programs are increasingly integrated, magnifying the impact of each. Integration efforts focus on building connections among civilian law enforcement, prosecutors, courts, and prisons. All programs include elements of training, material assistance, and infrastructure support, as well as oversight mechanisms. Training and mentoring build capacity within the civilian criminal justice sector, teach respect for human rights, build civilian leadership, and foster host-nation ownership. In conjunction with training efforts, material and infrastructure support give recipients the physical tools to perform their functions within the criminal justice sector. INL’s programs build on local efforts to improve security and rule of law, working closely with the GOP and other government entities. Through this partnership, INL is helping build effective and accountable security and justice institutions capable of maintaining law and order, providing a safe, secure environment for citizens, and administering justice. In addition to helping the GOP provide better services to its people, INL’s integrated approach to border security, law enforcement, rule of law, corrections, and counternarcotics assistance programs comprehensively support and improve Pakistan’s ability to fully participate in the effort to rout al-Qaida, its affiliates, and other terrorist organizations and violent extremists from its territory.

Program Goals and Objectives

INL’s Pakistan program supports the President’s National Security Strategy; Embassy Islamabad’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of Law Enforcement Reform and Counternarcotics and Counterterrorism/Counterinsurgency; and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic Resource Plan goals of Counternarcotics and Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform. INL’s FY 2013 Pakistan request also supports the Government of Pakistan’s Drug Control Master Plan for 2010-2014.

Objective 1: Build upon and enhance the GOP’s capacity to survey and monitor border activity in order to prevent the illegal movement of militants and material and to interdict trafficking of narcotics, narcotic and IED precursors, humans, weapons, other criminals, and illicit contraband, all which illegally transit Pakistan’s border with Afghanistan, by building the capacity of Pakistan’s civilian law enforcement agencies to effectively share intelligence in order to detect, monitor, and interdict illicit trafficking.

Objective 2: Strengthen civilian law enforcement abilities to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat Al Qaeda and its allies, combat violent extremism, and deny the existence of safe havens.

Objective 3: Enhance the professional capacities of Pakistan’s law enforcement entities to respond to provide public security, respond to instances of routine crime, strengthen the writ of the civilian government, and improve access to justice.

Objective 4: Increase support for drug demand reduction projects, specifically residential and outpatient drug treatment facilities and drug awareness campaigns.

Objective 5: Continue increase to agricultural and infrastructure programs which encourage the cultivation of high-value, licit crops and improve access to markets for rural farming communities.

Objective 6: Develop a safe, secure, humane, and transparent Pakistan corrections system which meets international standards and focuses on appropriate detention of security threat groups, development of a modern classification and probation/parole system, rehabilitation and reintegration of inmates, and proper treatment of vulnerable groups, including women and juveniles.

Objective 7: Increase the professionalization of Pakistan’s prosecutors through guidance on leadership structure, institutionalized training, and material and infrastructure support.

Objective 8: Increase the capacity of Pakistan’s prosecutors to effectively and efficiently prosecute cases, with particular attention to complex cases such as terrorism.

Objective 9: Improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the criminal justice system by facilitating improved cooperation between police and prosecutors, achieved through guidance to senior leadership, joint training, and assistance in developing associated policies and procedures.

Objective 10: Increase the capacity of Pakistan’s judges to provide efficient and equitable case resolution, through training in docket and case management, ethics, continuing legal education, and provision of material support.

Objective 11: Improve the quality of Pakistan bar through work with legal education institutions and in-service trainings, with an emphasis on trial advocacy skills, case management, ethics, and professionalism.

Objective 12: Promote human rights and gender equality through programs that incorporate training on human rights and gender-based violence, and improvement of working conditions for female professionals within the criminal justice system.

Objective 13: Develop public messaging and outreach opportunities geared toward the Pakistani general public to broaden awareness of criminal justice and public safety issues, as well as to improve access to justice.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Border Security Program

  • Aviation: Funds will continue to support to Ministry of Interior (MOI) Air Wing at Quetta. Aircraft supported by this program are critical to Pakistani law enforcement operations against traffickers, militants, and criminals, play a vital assistance role during humanitarian crisis and natural disasters, and extend the reach of the civilian government into inaccessible areas.
     
  • Infrastructure support: Outpost and border security road construction supports civilian law enforcement agencies and expands their reach into remote frontier areas along the border with Afghanistan and provide a means to better combat militants and narcotics traffickers.

Law Enforcement Reform

  • This program continues support that helps Pakistan’s civilian law enforcement entities counter violent extremism, deny and deter the establishment of safe havens, and hold areas cleared of militants, as well as meet the basic policing needs of the communities they serve. Funds will support programs for provincial police forces and the Islamabad Capital Territory Police, as well as other law enforcement entities such as FATA and Balochistan Levies. The program will continue the provision of technical assistance, training, equipment, and infrastructure support that will bolster civilian law enforcement institutions, enhance police professionalism, survivability, mobility, and communications capacity; expand investigative and forensics skills; enhance leadership expertise and police training institutions; and build accountability and internal control structures, while remaining flexible enough to respond to a changing security threat. Training assistance will focus on the provision of train-the-trainer and instructor development courses in order to enhance sustainable Pakistani training capacity.
     
  • Program funds will also advance human rights through training that incorporates gender crimes, domestic violence, and human rights in civilian policing. Additionally, this program will help empower women through the provision of assistance specifically for Pakistan’s female law enforcement personnel.

Counternarcotics

  • Crop Control: INL’s agricultural programs in Pakistan will continue to improve the economic potential of current and former poppy growing lands. FY13 funding will increase support for the cultivation of high-value, licit crops; training courses for farmers and farming communities; construction of farmer-to-market access roads and bridges with accompanying small water and electrical civic projects. Roads and bridges extend the reach of law enforcement into typically inaccessible areas and also allow for goods and services to reach isolated communities.
     
  • Interdiction: Cooperation and professionalism among GOP law enforcement agencies continues to develop, resulting in sustained interdiction operations and intelligence sharing. Increased interdiction funding in FY13 will provide administrative and operational support to Pakistan law enforcement agencies with interdiction mandates. FY13 funding will also help facilitate the exchange of Pakistani and Afghan counternarcotics officials at the working level.
     
  • Demand Reduction: FY13 funding will allow INL to not only maintain expanded support for residential and outpatient drug treatment facilities but also continue to identify reputable centers to support. In addition to improving the quality of rehabilitation support available to addicts, this program garners the support of provincial governments and Pakistan non-governmental organizations, and possesses significant buy-in from local communities.
     
  • Operational Support to Law Enforcement Agencies: FY13 funds will continue commodity support, including vehicular, fuel, and maintenance, to law enforcement agencies to continue to operate at full capacity. This support, including routine and emergency maintenance, greatly extends the useful life of vehicles INL provides.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

  • Corrections: Funds will be used to continue training, technical, and infrastructure support for provincial and federal corrections sectors. INL efforts include training of corrections managers and senior warders, assistance in developing provincial training curricula, and development and support for mobile training teams. Support also includes provision of mentoring and technical support, and infrastructure projects addressing proper detention of security threat groups and needs of vulnerable groups.
     
  • Rule of Law: Funds will expand the provision of technical assistance and training designed to enhance the skills and capacities of members of the criminal justice community, particularly Pakistani prosecutors and judges, with particular attention to female practitioners. Funds will also continue modest material and infrastructure support to these groups. INL’s programming is designed to increase Pakistan’s low conviction rate in criminal cases, with particular focus on complex cases such as terrorism and narcotics, and increase general access to justice, paying special attention to women. Additionally, funds will support modernization of the legal education regime, both for current and future members of the bar.

Pakistan

INL Budget

($000)

   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Border Security Program

   

 

 

Aviation

25,000

30,000

28,000

 

Infrastructure/Commodities

 

7,000

9,000

Law Enforcement Reform

66,000

53,185

62,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

3,848

3,865

4,500

 

1.3 Subtotal

94,848

94,050

103,500

       

 

1.4 Counternarcotics

   

 

Counternarcotics Support

   

 

 

Crop Control

4,000

2,000

3,800

 

Interdiction/Operational Support to LE Agencies

6,000

5,500

5,400

 

Demand Reduction

2,000

3,000

2,400

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

350

450

540

 

1.4 Subtotal

12,350

10,950

12,140

       

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Corrections

4,000

3,675

3,000

Rule of Law

3,000

7,000

5,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

100

325

360

 

2.1 Subtotal

7,100

11,000

8,360

       

 

Total

114,298

116,000

124,000

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

1,800

1,940

2,300

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

550

700

700

 

ICASS Costs

1,198

1,200

1,500

 

Program Support

750

800

900

Total

4,298

4,640

5,400

South and Central Asia Regional

Central Asia Counternarcotics Initiative (CACI)

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

4,210

7,000

9,000

Program Overview

According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 25-30 percent of Afghan opiates are trafficked through Central Asia. This trafficking fuels crime, corruption, drug addiction, and the transmission of HIV/AIDS, as well as contributes to political instability. While borders have been reinforced and equipment and training upgrades provided on a limited basis, drug seizures remain limited and trafficking organizations have not been impacted. This program will improve the ability of Central Asian countries to disrupt drug trafficking originating from Afghanistan and dismantle related criminal organizations through effective investigation, prosecution and conviction of mid- to high-level traffickers. The focus of the programs will be regional cooperation and the establishments of vetted investigative units/task forces that will serve as an impetus for further reform, facilitate increased information sharing, and form a foundation for further institutional capacity building. With the impending transition and withdrawal of the U.S. troops from Afghanistan, the need to address the drug trafficking problem at the regional level is crucial.

Program Goals and Objectives

The 2010 U.S. Counternarcotics Strategy for Afghanistan calls for enhanced regional and international community support for Afghan led counternarcotics efforts, expanded U.S. government counternarcotics engagement with Afghanistan’s neighbors and regional actors, and strengthening of counternarcotics cooperation between Afghanistan and neighboring countries. Our Central Asia Strategy identifies counternarcotics as a U.S. priority, with another being support for our efforts in Afghanistan.

Objective 1: To improve the ability of law enforcement officers and prosecutorial personnel to identify, arrest and prosecute drug trafficking organizations and their leaders through collection, analysis and sharing of information used in national and cross-border prosecutions.

Objective 2: To promote regional cooperation and intelligence sharing against transnational drug trafficking organizations resulting in successful joint and cross-border operations against those organizations.

FY 2013 Program

Counternarcotics

  • To achieve these strategic objectives and to engage Central Asian governments on regional cooperation, the program will utilize the Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Center (CARICC) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime to promote joint collection, analysis and dissemination of drug related operational intelligence and mutual legal assistance in criminal matters.
     
  • Assistance will promote a vetted unit model for countering drug trafficking, along the lines of and in cooperation with the Afghanistan Sensitive Investigative Unit (SIU) model, but more importantly, the program will establish linkages and cooperation between the Afghanistan SIU and Central Asian national drug control agencies in order to increase capacity to share intelligence, collect evidence and build cases for prosecution.
     
  • With the specific goal of improving regional information sharing and operational cooperation, the program will support and enhance DEA’s efforts in the region to promote and use vetted counternarcotics units and intelligence-led investigations. It will provide support to counternarcotics agencies in Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan to establish vetted units and promote joint intelligence sharing and operations.
     
  • Vetted Units are small (20-25 officers) highly-trained and specially equipped units drawn from within existing drug control agencies, services and departments. It builds upon capacities being developed through INL bilateral counternarcotics programs which are oriented towards the institutions as a whole, such as the Tajikistan Drug Control Agency and the Kyrgyz State Drug Control Service. CACI is narrowly focused on intelligence-led investigations while bilateral programs have a broader focus which includes capacity development among non-investigative agencies such as border guards as well as counternarcotics law enforcement departments.
     
  • The program, while unique to the Central Asian region, will also be closely coordinated with the counternarcotics efforts of the Department of Defense and with other assistance providers in the region.

South and Central Asia Regional

Central Asia Counternarcotics Initiative (CACI)

INL Budget

($000)

 

       
   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.4 Counternarcotics

   

 

Counternarcotics Assistance

4,110

6,704

8,622

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

100

294

378

 

1.4 Subtotal

4,210

7,000

9,000

       

 

Total

4,210

7,000

9,000

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

0

160

160

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

0

0

0

 

ICASS Costs

0

0

0

 

Program Support

100

134

218

Total

100

294

378

Sri Lanka

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

-

1,440

1,440

Program Overview

The end of armed conflict in 2009 after nearly three decades has presented opportunities for increased U.S. engagement in Sri Lanka. Years of violence and unrest have resulted in a lack of public confidence toward Sri Lanka’s criminal justice system which presents a threat to long-term peace and stability. U.S. assistance funds will establish law enforcement and rule of law development programs in Sri Lanka to increase the capabilities and capacity of the police and judicial systems so that they can further political reconciliation, reestablish normalcy, and contribute to a sustainable peace.

Program Goals and Objectives

INL’s Sri Lanka program will build on the current Department of Defense 1207-funded project being implemented by the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) which assists the GSL to create an effective, equitable partnership between regional government, the security forces (including the Sri Lanka National Police), and citizens. The Sri Lanka program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priorities of Supporting Reconciliation, Democracy, and Civil Society in Sri Lanka and Strengthen Security Ties and Cooperation and Support Adoption of International Security Standards and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goal of Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform.

Objective 1: Enhance the Government’s security sector capabilities and technical competencies through programs focused on governance, capacity building, community, anti-corruption, and managing organizational change in order to meet international standards.

Objective 2: Establish rule of law programs in Sri Lanka to strengthen the capabilities and capacity of the judiciary and administrators in the criminal justice system.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Law Enforcement Reform

  • Assistance will provide fundamental capacity building assistance to law enforcement entities. Programs will develop capacity by providing training and technical assistance to law enforcement officials to address identified gaps in the law enforcement sector, such as technical competence, professionalism, governance, community policing, capacity building, and managing organizational change in order to meet international standards.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

Justice Reform

  • Funds will support judicial sector reform and the development of rule of law principles. Areas of focus include but are not limited to improving judicial standards, building judicial sector capacity, increasing public confidence in the judicial sector, to improve capacity and competency of justice sector actors, including law enforcement entities.

Sri Lanka

INL Budget

($000)

    FY 2011

 

FY 2012

FY 2013

    Actual

 

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

 

 

Law Enforcement Reform

-

 

705

710

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

-

 

15

10

 

1.3 Subtotal

-

 

720

720

     

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

 

 

Justice Reform

-

 

705

710

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

-

 

15

10

 

2.1 Subtotal

-

 

720

720

     

 

Total

-

 

1,440

1,440

       
       

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

-

 

0

0

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

-

 

0

0

 

ICASS Costs

-

 

0

0

 

Program Support

-

 

30

20

Total

-

 

30

20

               

Tajikistan

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

-

-

7,255

Program Overview

Tajikistan is a major partner for the United States in its effort in Afghanistan. The impoverished country sits astride the main channel of the Afghan narcotics trade and suffers from instability, compounded by internal conflict and weak criminal justice institutions. The Government of Tajikistan (GOT) has initiated institutional reform and development of the security services, but its efforts are hampered by corruption and competing political interests. Strengthening its long border with Afghanistan is a priority, particularly as the coalition withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2014 nears. INL assistance programs focus on improving law enforcement agencies’ capacity to better serve Tajik citizens, developing a professional border management system, strengthening the criminal justice sector to ensure a legal system that investigates and prosecutes crime in a human rights-compliant manner, and dismantling drug trafficking organizations and reducing drug demand.

Program Goals and Objectives

INL’s Tajikistan program supports the host government’s Police Reform Strategy and National Border Management Strategy. The program also supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan Goal to Promote Stability Through Professionalization of Security Services, and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan Goals to Support the Drug Control Efforts of Major Drug Source and Transit Countries by Strengthening the Capacity of International Partners to Disrupt the Drug Trade, to provide Criminal Justice Sector Capacity-Building and Security Sector Assistance, and to address Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: To promote the provision of professional law enforcement services to Tajikistan’s citizens via institutional reform, training, material support, and the establishment of partnerships between the police and the public to identify and resolve community problems.

Objective 2: To improve the ability of Tajikistan’s security services to limit the illicit flow of people and goods over Tajikistan’s borders and facilitate legal cross-border exchanges.

Objective 3: To improve the capacity and capability of Tajikistan’s counternarcotics law enforcement agencies to identify, thwart, and dismantle sophisticated transnational drug trafficking syndicates operating in and around Tajikistan.

Objective 4: To improve the skills and legal knowledge of Tajikistan’s justice sector actors and average citizens to help ensure that national and international standards of human rights and fair legal processes are upheld.

Objective 5: To improve the capability of Tajikistan’s law enforcement sector to combat trafficking in persons and protect the rights of trafficking victims in compliance with international norms and conventions.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Law Enforcement Reform and Capacity Building provides training and curriculum development for the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) and in-service training for personnel from multiple law enforcement agencies. A related project develops bottom-up, sustainable community policing partnership teams to strengthen trust and improve collaboration between the police and the communities and assists the MIA to institutionalize community policing from the top down. Both projects support the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) led police reform process.
     
  • Border Guard Training and Infrastructure supports the Tajik Border Guards through training and infrastructure improvements in strategic areas of Tajikistan’s border. The training often involves Afghan counterparts, in order to develop cross-border cooperation. Infrastructure modernization aims to improve dilapidated Soviet-era facilities to provide conditions necessary for effective border guard performance.
     
  • Women and Justice supports efforts to increase the role of women in law enforcement and access to justice for women in Tajikistan. The project tackles challenges such as enforcement of domestic violence laws.

Counternarcotics

  • Counternarcotics primarily supports Tajikistan’s Drug Control Agency (DCA), which is considered by international observers to be the most effective counternarcotics unit in Central Asia. The project supplements salaries for DCA personnel, provides training and equipment, renovates facilities for use by DCA mobile units, and funds a DCA liaison office in northern Afghanistan that conducts joint operations with Afghans. The project also promotes drug demand reduction particularly through youth outreach activities.
     
  • This project complements the activities of the Central Asia Counternarcotics Initiative (CACI) by developing capacities among all personnel within the agency from which the officers of the very small CACI Vetted Unit will be drawn and in fields beyond the intelligence-led investigative focus of CACI.

Transnational Crime

  • Anti-Trafficking in Persons improves Tajik law enforcement’s capability to investigate and prosecute human traffickers and to protect trafficking-in-persons (TIP) victims. Activities include trainings, study tours, roundtables, embedding programs, legislation reform, and assistance with the GOT’s action plan.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

  • Justice Sector Development supports international and local NGOs’ projects that strengthen rule of law and human rights through training for lawyers, judges, prosecutors, and law enforcement officers, as well as an intensive legal education and exchange program. Several projects also raise the public’s legal knowledge through community outreach events, various forms of media, and direct legal aid, while other INL partners monitor court proceedings, analyze legislation, advocate for reform, and report on Tajikistan’s compliance with national laws and international human rights standards.

Tajikistan

INL Budget

         

 

    FY 2011

 

FY 2012

FY 2013

    Actual

 

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

 

 

Law Enforcement Reform & Capacity Building

-

 

-

2,900

Border Guard Training & Infrastructure

-

 

-

1,000

Women & Justice

-

 

-

165

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

-

 

-

1,135

 

1.3 Subtotal

-

 

-

5,200

     

 

1.4 Counternarcotics

 

 

Counternarcotics

-

 

-

645

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

-

 

-

175

 

1.4 Subtotal

-

 

-

820

     

 

1.5 Transnational Crime

 

 

Anti-Trafficking in Persons

-

 

-

165

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.5)

-

 

-

70

 

1.5 Subtotal

-

 

-

235

     

 

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

 

 

Justice Sector Development

-

 

-

775

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

-

 

-

225

 

2.1 Subtotal

-

 

-

1,000

     

 

Total

-

 

-

7,255

       
       

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

-

 

-

659

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

-

 

-

90

 

ICASS Costs

-

 

-

550

 

Program Support

-

 

-

306

Total

-

 

-

1,605

               

Turkmenistan

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

-

-

550

Program Overview

Turkmenistan’s 744-kilometer border with Afghanistan and an extensive outlet to the Caspian Sea make the country a prime drug transit corridor. Through its foreign assistance programs, INL promotes the key U.S. foreign policy objectives of supporting stabilization operations and promoting security sector reform by helping Turkmenistan strengthen control of its borders and advance the goals of long-term regional stability.

INL began a series of meaningful U.S. assistance projects in the criminal justice sector in 2004 when the Government of Turkmenistan (GOT) began to display a willingness to cooperate on counternarcotics, including forensic lab training and equipment and border security programs. INL is currently working with the GOT to develop the capacity of law enforcement to interdict narcotics and investigate drug-related crime.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Turkmenistan program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priority of Promoting Peace and Security, and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Counternarcotics, addressing Transnational Crime, and Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: To assist with building the capacity of law enforcement institutions to interdict narcotics and investigate drug-related crime; and to assist the Government of Turkmenistan’s ability to fight transnational crime such as human trafficking.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Law Enforcement Support

  • Law Enforcement Development expands the capacity of Turkmenistan law enforcement, including border and counternarcotics officers, by improving the English language ability of Turkmen law enforcement officials. These skills will improve their ability to deal with foreign visitors at the points of entry, better understand U.S. government-provided training and improved awareness of English language technical information supporting law enforcement reforms.

Counternarcotics

  • Interdiction support improves the basic interdiction and investigation skills of Turkmen counternarcotics police, who are present at border posts, by providing training and technical assistance and provision of equipment. This project complements the activities of the Central Asia Counternarcotics Initiative (CACI) by developing capacities among potential participants in CACI Vetted Units and among those agencies such as border services which are not the focus of CACI.
  • Drug Demand Reduction will continue to support a drug awareness project, targeting rural Turkmen. This project will be implemented through an NGO that has an extensive network of centers distributed throughout the country, with access to the Turkmen population that does not exist among other international implementers.

Transnational Crime

  • Anti-Trafficking in Persons funds would continue complementary programs aimed to prevent human trafficking through capacity building measures and training on methods to combat trafficking based on international experience and best practices.

Turkmenistan

         

INL Budget

         

($000)

   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Law Enforcement Reform and Capacity Building

-

-

100

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

-

-

26

 

1.3 Subtotal

-

-

126

       

 

1.4 Counter-Narcotics

   

 

Drug Interdiction

-

-

137

Demand Reduction

-

-

100

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

-

-

61

 

1.4 Subtotal

-

-

298

       

 

1.5 Transnational Crime

   

 

Trafficking in Persons and Migrants Smuggling

-

-

100

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.5)

-

-

26

 

1.5 Subtotal

-

-

126

       

 

Total

-

-

550

         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

-

-

23

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

-

-

35

 

ICASS Costs

-

-

40

 

Program Support

-

-

15

Total

-

-

113

           

Uzbekistan

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

-

-

743

Program Overview

Uzbekistan’s relatively large population, strategic location, and extensive mineral resources make it a potential force for economic growth and stability in the Central Asia region. The Northern Distribution Network (NDN) transit lines that run through the country provide non-lethal supplies to NATO troops in Afghanistan make Uzbekistan critical for our efforts there. Through its foreign assistance programs, INL promotes the key U.S. foreign policy objectives of fostering of regional cooperation, combating trafficking in persons, narcotics, and corruption, and developing rule of law structures compliant with international standards.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Uzbekistan program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Goals of Regional Stability, Security, Law Enforcement, and Border Control, and Democracy, Governance, and Civil Society through support to development of forensics capacities, assistance on combating trafficking in persons, and work on good governance through combating corruption.

Objective 1: To increase the capacities of law enforcement authorities and the NGO community to address the problem of trafficking in persons.

Objective 2: To improve prosecutorial training and skills development in regard to the implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption.

Objective 3: To promote drug control through interdiction assistance and drug demand reduction among vulnerable populations.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Law Enforcement Support

  • Forensic Science: enhances capacities through training and provision of equipment as well as training in the proper use of forensic evidence by investigators, prosecutors, judges and defense attorneys.

Counternarcotics

  • Interdiction: Increases the capacities of drug law enforcement departments to successful interdict and seize drugs trafficked through Uzbekistan. This project complements the activities of the Central Asia Counternarcotics Initiative (CACI) by developing capacities among potential participants in CACI Vetted Units and among those agencies such as border services which are not the focus of CACI.
     
  • Drug Demand Reduction Program: Promote healthy lifestyles and prevent drug abuse among at-risk youth populations through awareness-raising activities.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

  • Justice System: Assistance to the GOU’s development of an action plan to implement new habeas corpus legislation.

Good Governance

  • Anticorruption: The project supports efforts to increase the national capacity to prevent and combat corruption through effective implementation of the UN Convention against Corruption. The project provides technical assistance in building institutional and legislative capacity within the Prosecutor General’s Office to prevent and combat corruption.

Uzbekistan

INL Budget

($000)

   

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

   

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

   

 

Law Enforcement

-

-

100

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

-

-

29

 

1.3 Subtotal

-

-

129

       

 

1.4 Counter narcotics

   

 

Interdiction

-

-

100

Drug Demand Reduction

-

-

27

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

-

-

29

 

1.4 Subtotal

-

-

156

         

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

   

 

Justice System

-

-

100

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

-

-

29

 

2.1 Subtotal

-

-

129

       

 

2.2 Good Governance

   

 

Anti-Corruption

-

-

300

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.2)

-

-

29

   

-

-

329

       

 

Total

-

-

743

         
         

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

 

 

 

 

U.S. Personnel

-

-

-

 

Non-U.S. Personnel

-

-

39

 

ICASS Costs

-

-

26

 

Program Support

-

-

51

Total

-

-

116

               



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