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FY 2014 Funding Opportunity Announcement for Global Innovation Programs to Help the Humanitarian Community Better Respond to Refugees Outside of Camps

Funding Opportunity Announcement
Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
June 2, 2014


Funding Opportunity Number: PRM-PRMOAPGL-15-001-049571

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) number:
19.522 - Overseas Refugee Assistance Programs for Strategic Global Priorities

Announcement issuance date: Monday, June 2, 2014

Proposal submission deadline: Wednesday, July 2, 2014 at 12:00 p.m. noon EDT. Proposals submitted after this deadline will not be considered.

**ADVISORY: All applicants must submit proposals through the website NOT/NOT through Please note that if you apply on the site, your application will be disqualified. PRM strongly recommends submitting your proposal early to allow time to address any difficulties that may arise.**

If you are new to PRM funding, the registration process can be complicated. We urge you to refer to PRM’s General NGO Guidelines “New to PRM Funding” section for information and resources to help ensure that the application process runs smoothly. PRM also strongly encourages organizations that have received funding from PRM in the past to read this section as a refresher.

Proposed program start dates: August 15, 2014

Eligible Applicants: (1) Nonprofits having a 501(c)(3) status with IRS, other than institutions of higher education; (2) Nonprofits without 501(c)(3) status with IRS, other than institutions of higher education; (3) Private institutions of higher education; (4) Public and State controlled institutions of higher education; and (5) International Organizations. International multilateral organizations, such as United Nations agencies, should not submit proposals through in response to this Funding Opportunity Announcement. Multilateral organizations that are seeking funding for programs relevant to this announcement should contact the PRM Program Officer (as listed below) on or before the closing date of the funding announcement.

Duration of Activity: 12-24 months

Program plans from 12 to 24 months will be considered. Applicants may submit multi-year proposals with activities and budgets that do not exceed 24 months from the proposed start date. Actual awards will not exceed 12 months in duration and activities and budgets submitted in year one can be revised/updated each year. Continued funding after the initial 12- month award requires the submission of a noncompeting continuation application and will be contingent upon available funding, strong performance, and continuing need. In funding a project one year, PRM makes no representations that it will continue to fund the project in successive years and encourages applicants to seek a wide array of donors to ensure long-term funding possibilities. Please see Multi-Year Funding section below for additional information.

A. Current Funding Priorities for Strengthening Urban Response Globally:

PRM seeks to support the development of new approaches and tools to strengthen response to urban and other non-camp refugees globally. In 2009, UNHCR issued a new Policy on Refugee Protection and Solutions in Urban Areas, and in 2011, PRM issued Principles for Refugee Protection in Urban Areas. Both documents recognize the new challenges posed by urban/non-camp environments and point to a range of new strategies needed to meet the specific needs of vulnerable populations in these settings. Consensus has formed around the need for humanitarian actors outside of camps to undertake entirely new models of assistance, moving away from service-delivery to facilitating access to existing services and from material assistance to efforts to foster self-reliance. In many cases, this requires new roles for humanitarian actors: to serve more as facilitators, advisors, and advocates than service providers. Although a number of new strategies have been identified in principle, and guidance and best practices are steadily accumulating, the international humanitarian community still struggles to put these tools into practice, systematically and coherently, in non-camp settings around the world. Additional tools and models of assistance need to be developed, tested, refined and adapted to help humanitarian actors respond effectively outside of camps.

PRM is seeking the development and piloting of new tools and models of assistance that will enable the humanitarian community to address one or more of the following challenges and needs unique to urban/non-camp settings:

  • Identifying, counting, and assessing the needs of urban refugees, as well as targeting the most vulnerable for assistance, and creating tools to rapidly and regularly update this information
  • Conducting area-based context mapping that assesses markets, legal frameworks and rights, governance structures, land issues, and infrastructure, and creating tools to facilitate emergency context mapping that can be conducted quickly and updated regularly
  • Mapping and vetting existing services (including legal aid), establishing referral systems, conducting capacity-building of referred service-providers, and conducting follow-up to ensure that both refugee needs are met and service providers are prepared to accommodate larger caseloads
  • Disseminating reliable information to refugees about registration, refugee rights, available services, assistance, and other relevant issues through the use of information and communications technology, data management, and/or other outreach activities, and maintaining ongoing communication with refugee (and where relevant, host) communities
  • Improving coordination among a range of stakeholders (including municipal and development actors, international organizations, and international/local NGOs), engaged in responding to refugee and host community needs
  • Using a case management approach that assesses assets, networks, and resources and designs appropriate interventions on an individual or household basis, with the ultimate objective of improving refugee self-reliance
  • Developing and deploying urban specialists or technical units trained to comprehensively address a range of urban challenges
  • Developing evidence-based advocacy tools for use with host governments and other development actors, with the goal of promoting integration of non-camp refugees into ongoing or future development programming and recognizing the particular protection needs of refugees
  • Building capacity of local government and civil society responses to urban refugees

The above list is not exhaustive, but rather meant to be illustrative of the kinds of challenges and needs PRM would like to address in this funding opportunity announcement. Whether addressing one of the above or a self-identified challenge, all proposals should clearly and succinctly explain the challenge the project would address and how the proposed project would help the international community overcome that challenge in a range of urban or non-camp settings. Proposals may address more than one challenge, but should be focused enough to achieve concrete results in a 12-24 month period. Proposals for multi-year projects should only be submitted if a full year is required for the development of a new tool or approach, thereby requiring a second year to pilot, refine and disseminate it. The rationale for requiring two years’ of funding must be clearly explained in the application. PRM strongly encourages the development, piloting, and dissemination of new tools (particularly technology) to improve urban/non-camp response. However, proposals that seek to implement and refine new or existing models of assistance, such as a case-management approach, should explain how the piloting of such approaches can help inform and institutionalize these practices globally. Proposals should include a strong dissemination plan and describe how the use of these tools will be measured beyond the life of the project.

There is no specified location for proposed projects. However, priority will be given to innovative approaches that are tested in the following regions: Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East/Turkey. Projects should field test tools in more than one location, so long as it can be done within the timeframe and budget specified. Since PRM seeks the development of tools that can inform urban response globally, PRM encourages field testing in multiple locations; however, any proposals for projects undertaken in a single location should clearly explain how the project will be broadly applicable beyond the specific context in which it is implemented.

B. Other Programming Criteria

(a) Coordination with host government authorities and UNHCR as well as with other UN agencies and local and international NGOs active in the same location and sectors is essential. Priority will be given to NGOs that can demonstrate they have coordinated their proposed activities with UNHCR and other key actors engaged in the response.

The strongest urban/non-camp projects will include efforts to:

  • Identify and reach out to “hidden” refugees;
  • Identify and build upon existing services;
  • Provide information about and referrals to existing services (in close coordination with other assistance providers);
  • Adhere to accepted international standards and promote development of national criteria to identify and assist the most vulnerable;
  • Adopt a community-based approach that takes account of host community needs;
  • Avoid creating refugee-specific, parallel services to those that already exists (and are available to refugees) in the community;
  • Involve beneficiaries in design and implementation;
  • Coordinate closely (or even collaborate) with local government and/or civil society actors.

As the ultimate target beneficiaries of this funding opportunity reside in urban areas, NGOs are strongly encouraged to consult PRM’s urban principles and other relevant urban programming guidance, including UNHCR’s operational guidance on livelihoods and health care in urban areas.

(b) Because of PRM's mandate to provide protection, assistance, and sustainable solutions for refugees and conflict affected populations, PRM will consider funding only those urban projects that will benefit or provide better responses to at least 50% refugees, with the rest of beneficiaries comprising other conflict-affected populations (e.g., IDPs, host communities, etc.).

(c) If the proposal focuses on pilot activities which include the provision of health care or livelihood activities, please be aware that these components should follow the guidelines of the PRM Standardized Indicator Initiative:

Proposals focusing on health in urban settings must include a minimum of one of the six following indicators and should try to include as many of the other indicators as are relevant:

  • Capacity-building: number of health care professionals/administrators trained on providing health services to beneficiary populations.
  • Referrals: number of beneficiaries referred to appropriate services, and percentage of those referred who were able to get needed services.
  • Community Outreach: number of beneficiaries who received targeted messages on their rights and health-related services available to them.
  • Health Staffing: number of total consultations per health care provider, disaggregated by refugee/national, sex, and age.
  • Patient Satisfaction: percentage of beneficiary patients receiving primary and emergency care who express satisfaction with services received.
  • Post Exposure Prophylaxis: percentage of reporting beneficiary rape survivors given PEP within 72 hours (Target: 100%).

Proposals focusing on livelihoods in urban settings must include a minimum of one of the eight following indicators and should try to include as many of the other indicators as are relevant:

  • Number of project beneficiaries, disaggregated by gender and population (refugee, national) receiving training on appropriate skills as determined by market and livelihood assessments. This may include language and skills training, entrepreneurship building, financial literacy, business support services, job placement and apprenticeship schemes, and/or legal aid.
  • Number and percentage of program participants, disaggregated by gender and population (refugee, national) reporting higher household income level by end of project period as compared to the pre-project baseline assessment.
  • Number and percentage of program participants, disaggregated by gender and population (refugee, national) in urban settings who are placed in jobs by completion of the project period. Note: A chart should be provided reflecting the length of employment for program participants.
  • (Temporary Employment) Number of beneficiaries, disaggregated by gender and population (refugee, national) participating in cash or food for work programs.
  • The percentage of sampled host community employers who are able to identify at least two skill-sets (e.g., carpentry, embroidery) among program beneficiaries living in their municipality.
  • The percentage of sampled host community employers who are able to describe accurately the procedures for hiring program beneficiaries.
  • The percentage of sampled urban program beneficiaries who:
    • Are able to describe accurately the procedures for receiving permits to conduct business.
    • Apply for and receive for business permits.
  • The percentage of sampled urban program beneficiaries who are economically self-reliant, as measured by self-reporting of household consumption and income sources.

Proposals should include custom livelihoods indicators in addition to the relevant standardized indicator(s).

(d) Proposals must have a concrete implementation plan with well-conceived objectives and indicators that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and reliable, time-bound, and trackable (SMART), have established baselines, and include at least one outcome or impact indicator per objective; objectives should be clearly linked to the sectors.

(e) Proposals must adhere to relevant international standards for humanitarian assistance. See PRM’s General NGO Guidelines for a complete list of sector-specific standards including new guidance on proposals for projects in urban areas.

(f) PRM strongly encourages programs that target the needs of potentially vulnerable and underserved groups among the beneficiary population (women; children; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or intersex (LGBTI) individuals; older persons; the sick; persons with disabilities; and other minorities) and can demonstrate what steps have been taken to meet the specific and unique protection and assistance needs of these vulnerable groups effectively. NOTE: PRM partners must now complete a gender analysis (see PRM proposal template, section 3a) that briefly analyzes (1) gender dynamics within the target population (i.e., roles, power dynamics, and different needs of men and women, girls and boys); (2) associated risks and implementation challenges for the project posed by those dynamics; and (3) how program activities will mitigate these protection risks and be made accessible to vulnerable groups (particularly women and girls). A gender analysis is a requirement prior to PRM making a final funding award.

(g) PRM will accept proposals from any NGO working in the above mentioned sectors although, given budgetary constraints, priority will be given to proposals from organizations that can demonstrate:

  • a working relationship with UNHCR, current UNHCR funding, and/or a letter of support from UNHCR for the proposed activities and/or overall country program (this letter should highlight the gap in services the proposed program is designed to address);
  • evidence of coordination with international organizations (IOs) and other NGOs working in the same area or sector as well as – where possible – local authorities;
  • adherence to PRM’s Principles for Refugee Protection in Urban Areas available online at
  • a budget that demonstrates co-funding by non-U.S. government sources.

Funding Limits: In FY 2014, PRM anticipates providing up to $600,000 in total to fund NGO programs to develop innovations in urban response. PRM aims to fund more than one proposal in FY 2014. Funding requests should not exceed $600,000. As stated in PRM’s General NGO Guidelines, PRM looks favorably on cost-sharing efforts and seeks to support projects with a diverse donor base and/or resources from the submitting organization.

Proposal Submission Requirements: Proposals must be submitted via (not via If you are new to PRM funding, the registration process can be complicated. We urge you to refer to PRM’s General NGO Guidelines “New to PRM Funding” section for information and resources to help ensure that the application process runs smoothly. PRM also strongly encourages organizations that have received funding from PRM in the past to read this section as a refresher. Applicants may also refer to the “Applicant Resources” page on for complete details on requirements (

Please note the following highlights:

  • Do not wait until the last minute to submit your application on Organizations not registered with should register well in advance of the deadline as it can take up to two weeks to finalize registration (sometimes longer for non-U.S. based NGOs to get the required registration numbers). To register with, organizations must first receive a DUNS number and register with the System for Award Management (SAM) at which can take weeks and sometimes months. We recommend that organizations, particularly first-time applicants, submit applications via no later than one week before the deadline to avoid last-minute technical difficulties that could result in an application not being considered. PRM partners must maintain an active SAM registration with current information at all times during which they have an active federal award or an application under consideration by PRM or any federal agency.
  • Applications must be submitted under the authority of the Authorized Organization Representative (AOR) at the applicant organization. Having proposals submitted by agency headquarters helps to avoid possible technical problems.
  • If you encounter technical difficulties with please contact the Help Desk at or by calling 1-800-518-4726. Applicants who are unable to submit applications via due to technical difficulties and who have reported the problem to the help desk, received a case number, and had a service request opened to research the problem, should contact the relevant PRM Program Officer to determine whether an alternative method of submission is appropriate.
  • Pursuant to U.S. Code, Title 218, Section 1001, stated on OMB Standard Form 424 (SF-424), the Department of State is authorized to consolidate the certifications and assurances required by Federal law or regulations for its federal assistance programs. The list of certifications and assurances can be found at:

Proposal Content, Formatting and Template: This announcement is designed to accompany PRM’s General NGO Guidelines, which contain additional administrative information on proposal content and formatting, and explain in detail PRM’s NGO funding strategy and priorities. Please use both the General NGO Guidelines and this announcement to ensure that your proposal submission is in full compliance with PRM requirements and that the proposed activities are in line with PRM’s priorities. Proposal submissions that do not meet all of the requirements outlined in these guidelines will not be considered.

Instead of using PRM’s recommended proposal narrative template, applicants responding to this Funding Opportunity Announcement should format their own narrative in response to requirements in this RFP. At a minimum, proposals should include:

1. Background of need/challenge to address

2. Concept for urban/non-camp tool or approach

3. Tool/Approach development plan

4. Piloting/Field Testing and tool refinement plan

5. Dissemination plan

6. Plans for evaluation of tool’s use and impact

7. Background and credentials of project staff

Single year proposal narratives must not exceed 20 pages in length (Times New Roman 12 point font, one inch margins on all sides).

Multi-Year Funding: Applicants proposing multi-year programs should adhere to the following guidance:

  • Applicants may submit proposals that include multi-year strategies presented in 12-month cycles for a period not to exceed 24 months from the proposed start date. Fully developed programs with detailed budgets, objectives and indicators are required for each year of activities. These can be updated yearly upon submission of continuation applications. Applicants should note that they may use PRM’s recommended multi-year proposal template for this application, which is different from the single year template. Multi-year funding applicants may also use PRM’s standard budget template and should submit a separate budget sheet for each project year. Multi-year proposals must be no more than 30 pages in length (Times New Roman 12 point font, one inch margins on all sides).
  • Multi-year applications selected for funding by PRM will be funded in 12- month increments based on the proposal submitted in the initial application as approved by PRM. Continued funding after the initial 12- month award requires the submission of a noncompeting continuation application and will be contingent upon available funding, strong performance, and continuing need. Continuation applications must be submitted by the organization no later than 90 days before the proposed start date of the new award (e.g., if the next project period is to begin on September 1, submit your application by June 1). Continuation applications are submitted in lieu of responding to PRM’s published call for proposals for those activities. Late continuation applications will jeopardize continued funding.

For both single and multi-year proposals, organizations may choose to attach work plans, activity calendars, and/or logical frameworks as addendums/appendices to the proposal. These attachments do not count toward the page limit total however annexes cannot be relied upon as a key source of program information. The proposal narrative must be able to stand on its own in the application process. Applicants may use PRM’s recommended budget template if they choose. Please send an email to PRM’s NGO Coordinator to request a copy of this template.

To be considered for PRM funding, organizations must submit a complete application package including:

  • Proposal reflecting objectives and indicators for each year of the program period.
  • Budget and budget narrative for each year of the program period.
  • Signed completed SF-424.

In addition, proposal submissions to PRM should include the following information:

  • Focus on outcome or impact indicators as much as possible. At a minimum, each objective should have one outcome or impact indicator. Wherever possible, baselines should be established before the start of the project.
  • To increase PRM’s ability to track the impact of PRM funding, include specific information on locations of projects and beneficiaries (GPS coordinates if possible).
  • Proposals should outline how the NGO will acknowledge PRM funding. If an organization believes that publicly acknowledging the receipt of USG funding for a particular PRM-funded project could potentially endanger the lives of the beneficiaries and/or the organization staff, invite suspicion about the organization's motives, or alienate the organization from the population it is trying to help, it must provide a brief explanation in its proposal as to why it should be exempted from this requirement.
  • The budget should include a specific breakdown of funds being provided by UNHCR, other USG agencies, other donors, and your own organization. PRM strongly encourages multilateral support for humanitarian programs.
  • In FY 2014, PRM is asking applicants whose proposals address gender-based violence (GBV) through their projects to estimate the total cost of these activities as a separate line item in their proposed budgets. PRM’s budget template document has been updated to reflect this new requirement.
  • Gender analysis (See above. Required before an award can be made).
  • Copy of the organization’s Code of Conduct (required before an award can be made).
  • Copy of the organization’s Security Plan (required before an award can be made).
  • Proposals and budgets should include details of any sub-agreements associated with the program.
  • Most recent Negotiated Indirect Cost Rate Agreement (NICRA), if applicable.
  • NGOs that have not received PRM funding since the U.S. government fiscal year ending September 30, 2004 must be prepared to demonstrate that they meet the financial and accounting requirements of the U.S. government by submitting copies of 1) the most recent external financial audit, 2) proof of non-profit tax status including under IRS 501 (c)(3), as applicable, 3) a Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number, and 4) an Employer ID (EIN)/Federal Tax Identification number.

Reports and Reporting Requirements:

Program reporting: PRM requires quarterly and final program reports describing and analyzing the results of activities undertaken during the validity period of the agreement. It is highly suggested that NGOs receiving PRM funding use the PRM recommended program report template. To request this template, send an email with the phrase “PRM NGO Templates” in the subject line to PRM's NGO Coordinator.

Financial Reports: Financial reports are required within thirty (30) days following the end of each calendar year quarter during the validity period of the agreement; a final financial report covering the entire period of the agreement is required within ninety (90) days after the expiration date of the agreement.

For more details regarding reporting requirements please see PRM’s General NGO Guidelines.

Proposal Review Process: PRM will conduct a formal competitive review of all proposals submitted in response to this funding announcement. A review panel will evaluate submissions based on the above-referenced proposal evaluation criteria and PRM priorities in the context of available funding.

PRM may request revised proposals and/or budgets based on feedback from the panel. PRM will provide formal notifications to NGOs of final decisions taken by Bureau management.

Assistance Award Provision – SPOT: The following provisions will be included in the Bureau specific component of the Notice of Award for performance in a designated combat area (currently Iraq and Afghanistan). Recipients are required to include this provision in any sub-grant awards or agreements. 

(Revised January 2011)

All recipient personnel deploying to areas of combat operations, as designated by the Secretary of Defense (currently Iraq and Afghanistan), under grants over $100,000 or performance over 30 days must register in the Department of Defense maintained Synchronized Pre-deployment and Operational Tracker (SPOT) system. Recipients of federal assistance awards shall register in SPOT before deployment, or if already in the designated operational area, register upon becoming an employee under the assistance award and maintain current data in SPOT. Information on how to register in SPOT is available from your Grants Officer or Grants Officer Representative.

Recipients must enter all U.S. and Third Country National (TCN) personnel into SPOT. If the Recipient has concerns about the safety of locally hired Iraqi or Afghan personnel because of personal data entered into SPOT, arrangements may be made with the Grants Officer or the Grants Officer Representative to report anonymous aggregate data.

Locally-hired Iraqi or Afghan personnel can be added anonymously through the use of the aggregate count template except as noted in the following paragraph.

Recipients utilizing personnel who are performing a private security function; are performing duties as a translator or interpreter; require access to U.S. facilities, services, or support; or desire consideration for refugee or special immigrant status under the Refugee Crisis in Iraq Act of 2007 (subtitle C of title XII of Public Law 110–181) must be entered into SPOT individually with all required personal information. If a locally-hired Iraqi or Afghan national falls into one of these categories, the Recipient must enter all of the required identification data into SPOT.

When the Grantee is ready to enter locally-hired individuals using the Aggregate Count method, the Grantee will notify the Grants Officer who will contact the Department SPOT Program Manager (A/LM/AQM) to obtain the “Aggregate Count” template. The Grantee will complete the “Aggregate Count” template and return to the SPOT Program Manager who will ensure that aggregate counts are loaded into SPOT. The Grantee SPOT Administrator is responsible for updating the aggregate locally hired national count on a quarterly basis by providing updated information via the “Aggregate Count” As template to the GOR/GO for each award who will forward to the Department SPOT Program Manager for SPOT entry.

Recipient performance may require the use of armed private security personnel. To the extent that such private security contractors (PSCs) are required, grantees are required to ensure they adhere to Chief of Mission (COM) policies and procedures regarding the operation, oversight, and accountability of PSCs. In a designated area of combat operations, the term PSC includes any personnel providing protection of the personnel, facilities, property of a grantee or subgrantee at any level, or performing any other activity for which personnel are required to carry weapons in the performance of their duties.

As specific COM policies and procedures may differ in scope and applicability, recipients of federal assistance awards are advised to review post policies and procedures carefully in this regard and direct any questions to the Embassy Regional Security Office (RSO) via the Grants Officer Representative (GOR). Any exclusion to these policies must be granted by the COM via the RSO. COM policies and procedures may be obtained from the RSO via the GOR. Recipients of federal assistance awards are also advised that these policies and procedures may be amended from time to time at the post in response to changing circumstances.

Recipients of federal assistance awards are advised that adherence to these policies and procedures are considered to be a material requirement of their grant.

Recipients of federal assistance awards are reminded that only the Grants Officer has the authority to modify the Notice of Award. Recipients shall proceed with any security guidance provided by the RSO, but shall advise the Grants Officer and the GOR of the guidance received and any potential cost or schedule impact.

Applicant Vetting as a Condition of Award: For activities in Afghanistan, Guatemala, Kenya, Lebanon, Philippines, and Ukraine, applicants are advised that successful passing of vetting to evaluate the risk that funds may benefit terrorists or their supporters is a condition of award. Applicants may be asked to submit information required by DS Form 4184, Risk Analysis Information about their company and its principal personnel. Vetting information is also required for all subaward performance on assistance awards identified by DOS as presenting a risk of terrorist financing. When vetting information is requested by the Grants Officer, information may be submitted on the secure web portal at, via email to, or hardcopy to the Grants Officer. Questions about the form may be emailed to Failure to submit information when requested, or failure to pass vetting, may be grounds for rejecting your proposal. The following clause shall be included in Section 9, Special Award Conditions, or as an addendum to the solicitation, whenever assistance is awarded after vetting:

  • Recipient Vetting After Award: Recipients shall advise the Grants Officer of any changes in personnel listed in the DS Form 4184, Risk Analysis Information, and shall provide vetting information on new individuals. The government reserves the right to vet these personnel changes and to terminate assistance awards for convenience based on vetting results.

Branding and Marking Strategy: Unless exceptions have been approved by the designated bureau Authorizing Official as described in the proposal templates that are available upon email request from PRM's NGO Coordinator, at a minimum, the following provision will be included whenever assistance is awarded:

  • As a condition of receipt of this assistance award, all materials produced pursuant to the award, including training materials, materials for recipients or materials to communicate or promote with foreign audiences a program, event, project, or some other activity under this agreement, including but not limited to invitations to events, press materials, event backdrops, podium signs, etc. must be marked appropriately with the standard U.S. flag in a size and prominence equal to (or greater than) any other logo or identity. Subrecipients and subsequent tier sub-award agreements are subject to the marking requirements and the recipient shall include a provision in the subrecipient agreement indicating that the standard, rectangular U.S. flag is a requirement. In the event the recipient does not comply with the marking requirements as established in the approved assistance agreement, the Grants Officer Representative and the Grants Officer must initiate corrective action.

PRM Points of Contact: Should NGOs have technical questions related to this announcement, they should contact the PRM staff listed below prior to proposal submission. Please note that responses to technical questions from PRM do not indicate a commitment to fund the program discussed.

PRM Program Officer: Sarah Cross,, 202-453-9226, Washington, D.C.

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