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U.S. Department of State

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Trafficking in Persons Awareness Resources


Resources to Aid General Human Trafficking Awareness

U.S. Department of State, What is Human Trafficking?
A fact sheet describing the various manifestations of human trafficking, including forced labor, sex trafficking, bonded labor, debt bondage, involuntary domestic servitude, forced child labor, child soldiers, and child sex trafficking. It also provides red flags and screening questions to help identify a trafficking victim along with the National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline number at 1.888.3737.888 to report incidents.

Other fact sheets on human trafficking include:

-11/20/12 Addressing Modern Slavery in the ASEAN Region [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]
-07/09/12 A Day In Your Life: Touched By Modern Slavery [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]
-07/09/12 Addressing the Internal Wounds: The Psychological Aftermath of Human Trafficking [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]
-07/09/12 Disability as a Risk Factor [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]
-07/09/12 Government Action to Address Involuntary Domestic Servitude [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]
-07/09/12 International Programs to Combat Trafficking in Persons [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]
-07/09/12 Protection Checklist [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]
-07/09/12 The 3Ps: Prevention, Protection, Prosecution [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]
-07/09/12 The Benefits of Smart Raids vs. Blind Sweeps [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]
-07/09/12 Victim Protections: Principles for Progress [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]
-07/09/12 Victim's Empowerment and Access [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]
-07/09/12 What Is Trafficking in Persons? [Get Acrobat Reader PDF version ]

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children & Families, Campaign to Rescue & Restore Victims of Human Trafficking: Look Beneath the Surface
This website is home to the U.S. government’s public awareness campaign about human trafficking. It provides fact sheets on labor trafficking, sex trafficking, child victims and other related topics in a variety of languages including English, Spanish, and Chinese. You may also print or order multiple copies of anti-trafficking awareness materials, including brochures, pocket cards, and posters, to display in your workplace and community.

The National Human Trafficking Resource Center is available to provide training and technical assistance. Additionally, it provides helpful general information on its website, including human trafficking statistics, trafficking indicators, and common misconceptions about the issue.

U.S. Department of Defense Human Trafficking Trainings
The Department of Defense has mandated general human trafficking awareness general human trafficking awareness training for all military and civilian employees in addition to creating a law enforcement intervention and investigations training module.

U.S. Department of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime
The Department of Justice provides an introduction to human trafficking, as well as helpful information on how to report trafficking, the different types of social services, such as shelter, counseling, and medical care, available to victims, and links to resources both within the Justice Department and in other federal agencies.

The Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center, Fact Sheet: Distinctions Between Human Smuggling and Human Trafficking (Jan. 2005)
This fact sheet presents the differences between human smuggling and human trafficking and contains case scenarios to help illustrate the points.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Blue Campaign
The Department of Homeland Security established the Blue Campaign with anti-trafficking awareness materials including tear-cards with information for potential victims, public service announcements, and training scenarios that help people spot signs of human trafficking.

U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) provides information on human trafficking and has funded research on solving the problem, both here in the United States and abroad. NIJ-funded research has found common links regarding source countries, recruitment, and the backgrounds of both traffickers and their victims. NIJ provides information on cooperation among all the agencies that deal with trafficking and has a comprehensive list of online resources.

The National Criminal Justice Resource Service is a clearinghouse of government documents pertaining to criminal justice issues, including human trafficking. Search available materials to order or download.

The U.S. Government Response to Human Trafficking

U.S. Department of State, U.S. Government Entities Combating Human Trafficking
A fact sheet describing the role of each federal agency combating human trafficking in addition to a description of the interagency mechanisms that helps to coordinate the overarching federal effort.

U.S. Department of State, Trafficking in Persons Report
The Trafficking in Persons Report is the U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool used to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. It is also the world’s most comprehensive compendium of governmental anti-human trafficking efforts and reflects the USG’s global leadership on this key human rights issue. Through the Trafficking in Persons Report, the Department of State lists countries on three tiers based on their governments’ efforts to comply with “minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking” found in Section 108 of the TVPA.

U.S. Department of Justice, Attorney General’s Annual Report to Congress on U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons Fiscal Year 2009 (June 2010)
The U.S. government annually reports to Congress on its activities to combat human trafficking in a report compiled by the Department of Justice including detailed information on funding and suggestions for improved performance – a self-monitoring exercise that leads to improvements throughout the year.

Federal Acquisition Regulation on Combating Trafficking in Persons (January 2009)
The U.S. government prohibits trafficking in persons by its contractors, contractor employees, subcontractors, and subcontractor employees. The Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) has mandated that all Federal solicitations and contracts contain a clause specific to this prohibition. The USG has the authority to terminate a contract without penalty if trafficking occurs and has extraterritorial jurisdiction in order to prosecute Federal contractors and subcontractors for human trafficking offenses under 18 U.S.C. § 3271.


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