Burundi (Tier 2 Watch List) To address concerns about the lack of comprehensive anti-trafficking legislation, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) will provide technical assistance for the Ministry of Justice in Burundi to draft TIP legislation that is in alignment with international standards. UNODC will also conduct training for Burundi law enforcement, criminal justice, and judicial agencies to improve their identification of TIP victims and the investigation and prosecution of TIP offenses.
Djibouti (Tier 2 Watch List) The U.S. Department of Justice Office of Overseas Prosecutorial Development, Assistance and Training will arrange a six-month assignment for a U.S. prosecutor to consult with, mentor, and train prosecutors, investigators, and judges in Djibouti on how to prosecute trafficking cases effectively.
Ghana (Tier 2 Watch List) The Legal Resource Center (LRC) is a Ghanaian NGO with expertise in human rights and trafficking in persons. The LRC will work with the Government of Ghana to improve current anti-trafficking laws. LRC will also provide TIP training to criminal justice officials and assist the Shelter Project of the Ministry of Women and Children’s Affairs to develop comprehensive guidelines and procedures for handling victims of trafficking.
Sierra Leone (Tier 2) The Center for Victims of Torture (CVT) in Freetown is enhancing the quality of treatment for victims of human trafficking by providing psychological counseling to TIP victims. This model project focuses on victim recovery from psychological trauma and will train local Psychosocial Counselors and Clinical Training Supervisors who will continue to provide direct services to survivors after the project has ended.
EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC
Indonesia (Tier 2) The International Organization for Migration Recovery Center at the Indonesia National Police Hospital provides comprehensive medical, psychological, and reintegration services to Indonesian citizens who are repatriated after becoming victims of human trafficking in Asia and the Middle East. The Center receives key resources from the Government of Indonesia that contribute to the continuation of these critical services for Indonesian victims.
Cambodia (Tier 2 Watch List) AFESIP, founded by antihuman trafficking leader Somaly Mam, provides rehabilitation and reintegration services at three residential centers in Cambodia. This year AFESIP will add additional professional staff to ensure that victims have access to comprehensive services, including medical and psychological treatment. World Hope International operates the residential Assessment Center for short-term care of trafficked and sexually exploited girls. This unique multidisciplinary diagnostic and treatment center facilitates victims’ recovery, safe participation in legal proceedings against their traffickers, and coordinates long-term placement for victims.
Philippines (Tier 2 Watch List) To support prosecutorial efforts to hold traffickers accountable, the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Overseas Prosecutorial Development, Assistance and Training will arrange for a U.S. prosecutor and a victim/witness coordinator to work in the Philippines with prosecutors who handle TIP cases. The DOJ prosecutor will spend four months in the country and will conduct training and facilitate enhanced prosecutor-police cooperation. The training will focus on relevant TIP statutes, legal advocacy skills, and victim assistance and protection.
EUROPE AND EURASIA
Moldova (Tier 2 Watch List) Winrock International is working in Transnistria to build the capacity of local NGOs to identify and assist TIP victims and provide them with economic opportunities, and legal assistance, and psychological support. This project is the first of its kind in the region and is designed to bring needed expertise to a previously underserved area. Winrock will establish Mobile Training Teams that will reach health, education, and law enforcement professionals and give them the skills necessary to sustain services.
Iraq (Tier 2 Watch List) The Protection Project (TPP) at Johns Hopkins University is assisting the Iraqi government with anti-trafficking legislation and working to raise general awareness of TIP in Iraq technical by training representatives of Iraqi civil society organizations. Heartland Alliance for Human Needs and Human Rights will enhance protection of Iraqi sex trafficking victims in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria by working with law enforcement, human rights groups, and women’s organizations to create a protection network and train key organizations in identification of victims and basic victim care.
Lebanon (Tier 2 Watch List) In Lebanon, the Caritas Lebanon Migrant Center and the International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC) are working cooperatively to identify and assist TIP victims detained in the government-run migrant facility. Caritas staff is housed within the facility and are able to interview and assess each migrant. TIP victims who are identified are then transferred to the Caritas/ICMC Safe House where they receive comprehensive services. Caritas will also conduct training for government officials on identification of trafficking victims, as well as victim-centered interviewing techniques, thus working toward sustainability of victim protection services in the government facility.
Afghanistan (Tier 2) In Afghanistan, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is building the capacity of local NGOs to more effectively address TIP while concurrently increasing the capacity of law enforcement to investigate and prosecute trafficking cases. IOM will provide support, technical assistance and training to local NGO’s to improve victim identification and referral mechanisms, as well as data collection, management and reporting of TIP cases. Training for government officials will target police officers, judges, and prosecutors in an effort to increase the number of trafficking cases that are investigated and prosecuted.
India (Tier 2 Watch List) The International Justice Mission (IJM) is working with government authorities to free victims of debt bondage and help them secure rehabilitation payments and vital social services. IJM uses a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach that focuses on victim relief, perpetrator accountability, victim aftercare, and structural prevention as the basis for activities to secure the release of children, women, and men from slavery and to develop care that is tailored to their needs. IJM plans to build on a landmark case, in which a perpetrator who held six young men as slaves in a sweets shop and factory was sentenced to one year in jail.
Argentina (Tier 2 Watch List) Three complementary projects address human trafficking in Argentina. Maria de los Angeles Foundation will develop and train special police units to investigate TIP cases in selected provinces. Unidos por la Justicia will enhance the efficiency of the prosecution of crimes related to human trafficking through the integrated training of judges, prosecutors, and law enforcement officials. Their training will include a focus on courtroom management techniques, particularly with regards to interviewing and securing testimony from child victims, as well as how to protect victims from re-victimization. IOM will strengthen counter-trafficking networks in the Tri-Border Area (TBA) in the Southern Cone of South America (Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay). IOM will provide medical, psychological, legal, and job training assistance to victims and will work to increase coordination and improve cooperation between key judicial actors.
Dominican Republic (Tier 2 Watch List) IOM will work with Government of the Dominican Republic to strengthen its response to human trafficking by conducting training for the Attorney General’s office and the judiciary. The training will focus on investigation and prosecution techniques, enforcement of existing legislation, and strategies for victim identification and protection. IOM will help to establish a shelter and provide technical assistance in shelter management and comprehensive services for TIP victims.