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Tier Placements


Office To Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
Report
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The Tiers

Tier 1

Countries whose governments fully comply with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s (TVPA) minimum standards.

Tier 2

Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.

Tier 2 Watch List

Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards AND:

  1. The absolute number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is very significant or is significantly increasing;
  2. There is a failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons from the previous year; or
  3. The determination that a country is making significant efforts to bring itself into compliance with minimum standards was based on commitments by the country to take additional future steps over the next year.

Tier 3

Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so.

Tier Placements

Tier 1

Armenia
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Korea, South
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Norway
Poland
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Taiwan
United Kingdom
United States of America

Tier 2

Afghanistan
Albania
Argentina
Aruba
Azerbaijan
The Bahamas
Bangladesh
Barbados
Benin
Bhutan
Brazil
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Cabo Verde
Cameroon
Chad
Colombia
Congo, Republic of
Costa Rica
Cote d’Ivoire
Croatia
Curacao
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Gabon
Georgia
Ghana
Greece
Guatemala
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
India
Indonesia
Iraq
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kiribati
Kosovo
Kyrgyz Republic
Latvia
Liberia
Lithuania
Macau
Maldives
Malawi
Malta
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Mongolia
Montenegro
Mozambique
Nepal
Niger
Nigeria
Oman
Palau
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Portugal
Romania
St. Lucia
St. Maarten
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
South Africa
Swaziland
Tajikistan
Trinidad & Tobago
Togo
Tonga
Turkey
Uganda
United Arab Emirates
Vietnam
Zambia

Tier 2 Watch List

Angola
Antigua & Barbuda
Bahrain
Belarus
Belize
Bolivia
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Botswana
Burma
Burundi
Cambodia
China (PRC)
Comoros
Cyprus
Djibouti
Guinea
Guyana
Haiti
Jamaica
Kenya
Laos
Lebanon
Lesotho
Madagascar
Mali
Marshall Islands
Morocco
Namibia
Pakistan
Panama
Qatar
Rwanda
St. Vincent & The Grenadines
Solomon Islands
South Sudan
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Tanzania
Timor-Leste
Tunisia
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Uruguay

Tier 3

Algeria
Central African Republic
Congo, Democratic Rep. Of
Cuba
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
The Gambia
Guinea-Bissau
Iran
Korea, North
Kuwait
Libya
Malaysia*
Mauritania
Papua New Guinea
Russia
Saudi Arabia
Syria
Thailand*
Uzbekistan
Venezuela*
Yemen
Zimbabwe

* Auto downgrade from Tier 2 Watch List

Special case

Somalia


Africa

Year

Prosecutions

Convictions

Victims Identified

New or Amended
Legislation

2007

123 (28)

63 (26)

 

5

2008

109 (18)

90 (20)

7,799

10

2009

325 (47)

117 (30)

10,861

8

2010

272 (168)

163 (113)

9,626

5

2011

340 (45)

217 (113)

8,900 (5,098)

2

2012

493 (273)

252 (177)

10,043 (6,544)

4

2013

572 (245)

341 (192)

10,096 (2,250)

7

The above statistics are estimates only, given the lack of uniformity in national reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.

East Asia and Pacific

Year

Prosecutions

Convictions

Victims Identified

New or Amended
Legislation

2007

1,047 (7)

651 (7)

 

4

2008

1,083 (106)

643 (35)

3,374

2

2009

357 (113)

256 (72)

5,238

3

2010

427 (53)

177 (9)

2,597

0

2011

2,127 (55)

978 (55)

8,454 (3,140)

4

2012

1,682 (115)

1,251 (103)

8,521 (1,804)

4

2013

2,460 (188)

1,271 (39)

7,886 (1,077)

3

The above statistics are estimates only, given the lack of uniformity in national reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.

Europe

Year

Prosecutions

Convictions

Victims Identified

New or Amended
Legislation

2007

2,820 (111)

1,941 (80)

 

7

2008

2,808 (83)

1,721 (16)

8,981

1

2009

2,208 (160)

1,733 (149)

14,650

14

2010

2,803 (47)

1,850 (38)

8,548

4

2011

3,188 (298)

1,601 (81)

10,185 (1,796)

2

2012

3,161 (361)

1,818 (112)

11,905 (2,306)

3

2013

3,223 (275)

2,684 (127)

10,374 (1,863)

35

The above statistics are estimates only, given the lack of uniformity in national reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.

Near East

Year

Prosecutions

Convictions

Victims Identified

New or Amended
Legislation

2007

415 (181)

361 (179)

 

1

2008

120 (56)

26 (2)

688

6

2009

80 (9)

57 (8)

1,011

6

2010

323 (63)

68 (10)

1,304

1

2011

209 (17)

60 (5)

1,831 (1,132)

2

2012

249 (29)

149 (15)

4,047 (1,063)

1

2013

119 (25)

60 (4)

1,460 (172)

4

The above statistics are estimates only, given the lack of uniformity in national reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.

South and Central Asia

Year

Prosecutions

Convictions

Victims Identified

New or Amended
Legislation

2007

824 (162)

298 (33)

 

4

2008

644 (7)

342 (7)

3,510

2

2009

1,989 (56)

1,450 (10)

8,325

1

2010

1,460 (196)

1,068 (11)

4,357

1

2011

974 (24)

829 (11)

3,907 (1,089)

2

2012

1,043 (6)

874 (4)

4,415 (2,150)

1

2013

1,904 (259)

974 (58)

7,124 (1,290)

5

The above statistics are estimates only, given the lack of uniformity in national reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.

Western Hemisphere

Year

Prosecutions

Convictions

Victims Identified

New or Amended
Legislation

2007

426 (1)

113 (1)

 

7

2008

448 (42)

161 (24)

6,609

5

2009

647 (47)

553 (66)

9,020

1

2010

732 (80)

293 (65)

6,681

6

2011

624 (17)

279 (14)

9,014 (2,490)

3

2012

1,077 (369)

402 (107)

7,639 (3,501)

8

2013

1,182 (207)

446 (50)

7,818 (3,951)

4

The above statistics are estimates only, given the lack of uniformity in national reporting structures. The numbers in parentheses are those of labor trafficking prosecutions, convictions, and victims identified.



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