This collection consists of documents concerning the implementation of the Arusha Accords (which provided the blueprint for a 22-month transition period ending in multi-party democratic national elections) and the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) to help implement the plan. The collection begins just after the signing of the Arusha Accords in August 1993 and ends with the death of Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian President Cyprien Ntaryamira in a plane crash on April 6, 1994.
Tranche I – this part of the collection concerns the difficulties in implementing the Arusha Peace Accord, the establishment of a Neutral International Force (NIF) to provide security and help to implement the peace accord, and the visit of President Habyarimana to the United States.
Tranche II – this part of the collection begins with the initial deployment of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) to, among other responsibilities, contribute to the security of Kigali and monitor the ceasefire. This portion of the Collection also includes documents concerning attacks on civilians, refugees from Burundi, and human rights reporting. The tranche ends in early January 1994 with President Habyarimana taking the oath of office under the Arusha Peace Accord.
Tranche III – this part of the collection includes documents concerning the continued delays in installing transition institutions, repatriation of refugees returning to Rwanda, and the expansion of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR).
Tranche IV – this part of the collection includes documents concerning the increased anxiety among U.S. Personnel, increased demonstrations and violence, and the continuing conflict in Burundi.