War Crimes, Human Rights Monitors, and the International Tribunal for Rwanda – this collection concerns the establishment of the International Tribunal for Rwanda for the prosecution of persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law. The collection includes documents on the detention of Rwandan war criminals, arrests and prison conditions, developing a justice system in Rwanda, and the United Nations Human Rights Field Operation in Rwanda.
Tranche I – this part of the collection concerns reports of human rights abuses and the establishment and support for a Rwanda War Crimes Tribunal to prosecute violations of international humanitarian law and laws against genocide. This tranche includes documents concerning preliminary investigations into human rights violations and efforts to promote human rights and reconciliation.
Tranche II – this part of the collection concerns reports of human rights abuses by the military wing of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), issues concerning the UN’s Human Rights Field Officers, and gathering international support for a Rwanda War Crimes Tribunal. This tranche ends with the adoption by the Security Council of the United Nations of Resolution 955 establishing a Rwandan war crimes tribunal in November 1994.
Tranche III – this part of the collection concerns the planning for and establishment of the International Tribunal for Rwanda. This tranche includes material on the United Nations Human Rights Field Operation in Rwanda and the United Nations Resolution on Detention of Rwandan War Criminals. This part of the collection also covers Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor John Shattuck’s visit to Rwanda.