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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Plan of Action to Implement the Indonesia-U.S. Comprehensive Partnership

Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
September 17, 2010


To give substance to the Indonesia-U.S. Comprehensive Partnership, and notwithstanding the possibility of exploring other areas of cooperation, we dedicate ourselves to expanding and deepening our cooperation on the following priorities:

A. Political and Security Cooperation

1. To deepen and broaden cooperation in promoting good governance, democracy, and human rights, by enhancing dialogue and capacity building through bilateral, regional, and multilateral initiatives such as the Bali Democracy Forum (BDF);

2. To uphold human rights and fundamental freedoms for all on the basis of equality, and to promote and to protect such rights and freedoms in all levels of society and in cooperation with the international community in accordance with the principles of the UN Charter and international human rights instruments;

3. To work together through the UN and in cooperation with relevant institutions such as ASEAN to find common ground on the protection and promotion of human rights;

4. To become partners in maintaining regional and international peace and security in Southeast Asia and beyond. To strengthen regional and multilateral approaches in promoting international peace and cooperation, including through relevant institutions such as ASEAN, the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), and the UN;

5. To strengthen bilateral defense and security cooperation through dialogue and capacity building as appropriate in areas such as security sector reform, training, education, personnel exchanges, intelligence exchange, peacekeeping operations, maritime security, nuclear safety and security, humanitarian assistance/disaster relief operations, and military equipment; to work together under the recently signed framework arrangement between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Government of the United States of America on Cooperative Activities in the Field of Defense;

6. To strengthen cooperation in preventing and combating non-traditional challenges in regional security; including disaster management and response, maritime security, counter-terrorism, smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons, illicit drug trafficking, illicit trafficking of nuclear materials and radioactive sources, communicable diseases, corruption, money laundering, cyber crime and international economic crimes, natural resources crimes, illegal logging and its associated trade, and illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing; through enhancing capacity building, border management, exchange of information and regular consultation mechanism bilaterally; and through ASEAN and the ARF; as well as through the Jakarta Center for Law Enforcement Cooperation (JCLEC);

7. To reaffirm the role of ASEAN as the primary driving force in developing regional cooperation through the establishment of ASEAN Community, as well as the United States’ important role in the maintenance of peace and security in Southeast Asia, including through its accession to the ASEAN Treaty of Amity and Cooperation, and through efforts to resolve outstanding issues related to the Treaty on the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapons Free Zone;

8. To promote international peace and security through cooperation in achieving disarmament and non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), in accordance with the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty, the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological Weapons Convention, as well as pursuing ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT);

9. To enhance cooperation in strengthening the UN peacekeeping operations, through, inter alia, enhancing the capacity of the peacekeeping training centre in Indonesia, as well as supporting the establishment of the police peacekeeping training centre. These centres in the future could serve as a network hub for regional peacekeeping training centres;

10. To promote close cooperation in law enforcement and legal assistance, including for the purpose of international asset recovery from either the respective jurisdiction of the two countries or third countries within the relevant international legal instruments; to continue working toward a bilateral mutual legal assistance treaty;

11. To work closely in maritime issues and ocean affairs through information exchanges, and building capabilities for hazardous material spills response;

12. To sustain efforts towards the effective reform of the UN system, with a view to strengthening multilateralism and reinforcing the role of the UN in maintaining and promoting international peace and security.

B. Economic and Development Cooperation

1. To expand and deepen cooperation at bilateral, regional, and multilateral levels to promote economic growth, sustainable development, and prosperity of our two nations and the world economy;

2. To work together to support bilateral, regional and multilateral efforts in poverty alleviation including through tripartite technical arrangements;

3. To work together in support of an open, fair, and transparent rules-based international trade and financial system;

4. To improve collaboration in multilateral and regional bodies, the World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the G-20 Leader Process, and the United Nations and with ASEAN in order to meet the challenges and opportunities of globalization through trade and investment, and sustainable development through multilateral and regional fora;

5. To increase bilateral trade and investment through the Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA), its working groups on agricultural and industrial goods, services, investment, and intellectual property rights, and the working group created under the Memorandum of Understanding on Illegal Logging and Associated Trade;

6. To enhance bilateral trade through trade facilitation, further reduction of trade barriers including non-tariff barriers, and stimulation of the dialogue between our business communities;

7. To enhance bilateral investment cooperation by increasing dialogue between our investment authorities, reducing obstacles to bilateral investment and taking other steps to improve our investment climates;

8. To expand U.S.-ASEAN trade and investment ties by sustaining engagement and progress in the work plan of the ASEAN-U.S. Trade and Investment Framework Arrangement (TIFA);

9. To expedite the implementation of ASEAN-US Enhanced Partnership and continue capacity building assistance under the ASEAN Development Vision to Advance Economic Integration (ADVANCE) program and the ASEAN-U.S. Technical Assistance and Training Facility (TATF), to support the realization of ASEAN Community 2015;

10. To increase cooperation between the two countries by encouraging business communities to develop fairs and mission on trade, tourism, and investment;

11. To promote better protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights;

12. To promote a sustainable agriculture, forestry, and fisheries environment by creating a process for enhancing cooperation on: a) capacity building including human resource capabilities; b) sharing of research and technology, including food and nutrition strategies; c) adoption of new technologies including biotechnology; d) farm to market linkages and product diversification for small and medium enterprises (SMEs); e) adoption and implementation of internationally recognized, science-based food standards and regulations consistent with agreements to which both countries are party to; (f) ecosystem-based approaches to management; and (g) trade facilitation;

13. To strengthen partnership to advance sustainable food security through promoting trade and innovation, through nurturing investment in food production, processing, transport, marketing, and research-extension, through development and application of sound economic policies, and through capacity building of human resources;

14. To cooperate on methods of combating illegal trade in natural resource based products;

15. To broaden and deepen development cooperation and efforts to address development challenges, including but not limited to the UN Millennium Development Goals;

16. To reaffirm our mutual interest in exploring a Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) compact for Indonesia in accordance with the Millennium Challenge Corporation and Government of Indonesia priorities, requirements and procedures with the goal of benefiting the people of Indonesia;

17. To strengthen cooperation to enhance the capacity of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to grow, develop, and have access to bilateral and international markets;

18. To encourage and promote the development of the civil aviation sector (including infrastructure), leading to greater cooperation and opportunities for economic growth;

19. To cooperate and collaborate with a view to developing appropriate access and benefit sharing mechanism regarding genetic resources;

20. To promote media cooperation on coverage of each country’s tourism destinations and resources and to enhance networking among travel agencies in both countries as a means to develop attractive tour packages;

21. To enhance cooperation on sustainable tourism development and to empower community based tourism through technical assistance in order to preserve environmental friendly tourism and to alleviate poverty, including by using the APEC fora to facilitate this area of cooperation;

22. To enhance cooperation on forest conservation, sustainable forest management, and forest law enforcement and governance, through bilateral policy dialogue, bilateral technical assistance, relevant intergovernmental processes and institutions, the Heart of Borneo Initiative, the U.S.-Indonesia Tropical Forest Conservation Act agreement, and other bilateral cooperation;

23. To strengthen cooperation in promoting sustainable management of marine and coastal resources, conserving their biodiversity, promoting responsible fishing practices, and good aquaculture practices, including through bilateral cooperation and the regional Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security;

24. To work together to enhance the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), consistent with the Bali Road Map, recognizing the need to further operationalize the Copenhagen Accord and continue pursuing the ultimate objectives of the UNFCCC. To strengthen our bilateral cooperation in the related climate activities, to develop consultation and cooperation on action to preserve peatlands as carbon storage, to reduce emissions from deforestation, forest degradation with the possible establishing of demonstration activities on REDD+ in Indonesia; and adaptation, including implementation of the Manado Ocean Declaration;

25. To strengthen bilateral relations and cooperation in energy security and to promote sustainable energy development, including new and renewable sources of energy, energy efficiency, energy conservation and improved technologies. This would be carried out through possible technical and technology cooperation, capacity development and public awareness initiatives supported by Indonesia-US Energy Policy Dialogue (EPD);

26. To enhance cooperation on promoting nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, within the framework of the Agreement for Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy as amended;

27. To strengthen bilateral cooperation in environmental management, including: promoting the strengthening of the environmental framework, institutional capacity development, environmental governance and monitoring, environmental education, public awareness and participation; policies and programs to improve air quality and reduce toxic emissions (e.g. mercury), and improving access to and quality of water resources, including through the development of watershed-based water resource management plans; reducing methane emissions through the Methane to Markets Partnership, and promoting climate resilient development and risk reduction efforts.

C. Socio-cultural, educational, science and technology, and other cooperation

1. To enhance cooperation in social protections, social security, conditional cash transfers, and social assistance (for family, children, natural and social disaster, disability, vulnerable);

2. To work together to foster better understanding of people of different faiths by promoting inter-faith dialogue and global inter-media dialogue that will advance peace, tolerance and respect for religious, ethnic and cultural diversity through seminars or dialogues involving religious and civil society leaders, academia and media people, in order to promote better understanding of people of different faiths;

3. To enhance cooperation in stimulating intercultural dialogue and inter regional media dialogue to increase respect and tolerance for local wisdoms, diverse social values and traditional culture and customs, including by the establishment of an Indonesian Cultural Center in USA and vice versa, and by jointly organizing a conference, symposium or workshop involving informal local leaders, tradition leaders, academia, and experts in order to promote better understanding between the two countries;

4. To render mutual assistance and cooperation for the protection, preservation, and restoration of cultural and historical heritage, both tangible and intangible, according to the laws and regulations of each country, enhance cooperation to combat pillage, illicit trafficking and smuggling of moveable cultural property between Indonesia and the United States;

5. To cooperate on the maintenance, preservation of and educational use of archives (historical archives, manuscripts, and documentary film); exchange and collaboration in the arts, films, media, and exhibition; and other fields of cooperation as mutually agreed upon by the Parties, in order to recognize cultural heritage in both countries;

6. To promote people to people contacts, think tank cooperation, as well as cultural interaction, including youth exchange, experts and researchers exchange, official exchange and internships;

7. To strengthen cooperation in emergency and disaster preparedness, relief, and reducing the human social, economic, and environmental impact of disasters by collaborating on innovative scientific solutions, and building resilient communities and enhancing citizen safety through enhanced capacity building, exchanges of information, and training in emergency and disaster management;

8. To work closely in search and rescue (SAR) activities/services, which includes capacity building, information exchange, a joint SAR exercise and joint SAR operation; 9. To intensify education cooperation to improve the quality of curricula schools and educators, enhance global competitiveness, and promote equitable access to education;

10. To enhance education cooperation and research partnerships, including scholarships for post-graduate degrees and post doctoral programs, exchanges of students and teachers/lecturers/scientists, joint research, publications joint degree programs, and university partnerships, and mutual recognition on academic degree and certificate, as well as improve secondary education in Indonesia;

11. To improve the quality and adaptability of education, including technical/vocational/skills training education by developing a technical assistance program at secondary and higher education levels; and to promote entrepreneurship;

12. To develop partnerships to make information technology part of every child’s education;

13. To strengthen cooperation in science, technology and innovation, including research and project development in mutually agreed areas, through development of a bilateral science and technology agreement and a Center of Scientific Excellence based on mutual interests and mutual benefit;

14. To pursue cooperative activities in space technology application, education and research to advance solutions for global challenges including disaster management and climate change monitoring;

15. To develop a broad framework for health cooperation to prevent and control communicable diseases and enhance public health.

We have established a Joint Commission co-chaired by the U.S. Secretary of State and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia. The Joint Commission and its Working Groups are to assist both countries in implementing the priorities laid out in this Plan of Action and in overcoming shared challenges. To facilitate the work of the Joint Commission in addressing the priorities laid out in this Plan of Action, we intend to strengthen the existing working groups as well as to establish new working groups, as may be mutually determined, based on this Plan of Action.

Washington, DC, September 17, 2010

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