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Diplomacy in Action

Joint Report: 2009-2010 Results of the U.S.-Russia Presidential Commission: Counternarcotics


Report
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
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Counter Narcotics/Drug Trafficking:
Russian Federal Drug Enforcement Service Director Viktor Ivanov and
White House Office of National Drug Control Policy Director Gil Kerlikowske

Inter-Agency Participants:

U.S.

Russia

White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)

National Security Council

Department of State

Department of Defense

Department of Justice

Department of Treasury/Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCen)

Department Health and Human Services (HHS)

Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

Federal Drug Enforcement Service (FSKN)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Ministry of Health and Social Development

Russian Financial Monitoring Service (Rosfinmonitoring)

Ministry of Justice

Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation

Supreme Court of the Russian Federation

Federal Agency for the Development of the State Border of the Russian Federation

V.P. Serbsky State Research Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry

Federal Migration Service

Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation

Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation

Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation


Dates Groups Convened:

September 2009:

FSKN Director Ivanov met with ONDCP Director Kerlikowske in Washington D.C.

November 2009:

DEA Assistant Administrator Placido met with FSKN Director Ivanov in Moscow.

November 2009:

Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan (SRAP) Ambassador Holbrooke and an interagency delegation met with senior Russian officials in Moscow, including with FSKN Director Ivanov, to discuss U.S. interdiction and counternarcotics operations in Afghanistan and ways to deepen U.S.-Russia cooperation to stem the flow of illicit drugs out of Afghanistan.

December 2009:

A delegation led by the U.S. Department of the Treasury met with FSKN and Rosfinmonitoring in Moscow.

February 2010:

FSKN Director Ivanov and ONDCP Director Kerlikowske chaired a working group meeting in Moscow.

March 2010:

ONDCP Director Kerlikowske and FSKN Director Ivanov met in Vienna at the UN Commission on Narcotics Drugs (CND) annual meeting.

March 2010:

Deputy Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan Paul Jones and FSKN Deputy Director Nikolai Tsvetkov met in Moscow to continue discussions on growing U.S.-Russian cooperation on Afghanistan counternarcotics issues.

April 2010:

DEA Acting Administrator Leonhart and FSKN Deputy Aulov met during the International Drug Enforcement Conference in Rio de Janeiro.

May 2010:

FKSN Director Ivanov visited Kabul for briefings on U.S. and Afghan counternarcotics efforts.

May 2010:

Afghan Northern Route Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTO) working group met in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.

May 2010:

FSKN Director Ivanov and ONDCP Director Kerlikowske met in Moscow.

June 2010:

ONDCP Deputy Patrick Ward and Ambassador Beyrle attend the forum “Afghan Drug Production: A Challenge to the World Community;” Special Representative Holbrooke published an op-ed in Izvestia underscoring the importance of growing U.S.-Russia bilateral cooperation on the Afghan drug trade.

Deliverables/Progress

  • Drug Addiction Treatment and Prevention: In February 2010, U.S. and Russian officials visited the V.P. Serbsky State Research Center of Social and Forensic Psychiatry in Moscow to discuss drug addiction prevention and treatment methods. In May 2010, a Russian interagency delegation of experts and senior officials visited Miami, New York and Washington, D.C., to study the U.S. Drug Court system, including visiting treatment centers and other social service providers involved in drug court programs. They also met with the Office of National Drug Control Policy, U.S. Department of Justice and U.S. Department of State officials. In June 2010, a group of Russian health experts traveled to the U.S. to discuss different approaches for drug addiction treatment and the links between drug addiction and HIV prevention. The Russian delegation, which included several representatives from federal substance abuse services, met with their counterparts from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, USAID and also visited drug treatment sites in three U.S. cities.

  • Law Enforcement Cooperation: ONDCP, the FSKN, and other Russian law enforcement services have launched numerous joint investigations into organized drug trafficking organizations on the Northern Route in Afghanistan. In addition, work is underway on other criminal groups involved in cocaine trafficking from Latin America to Europe and the Russian Federation. In February 2010, DEA and Russian law enforcement officials participated in a Diversion Investigator Training Seminar in Moscow to discuss precursor control initiatives and joint investigations. In April 2010, taking advantage of the momentum of the Working Group, DEA Administrator Leonhart and FSKN Deputy Director Aulov agreed to form a sub-working group with participation from the governments of Afghanistan and Tajikistan under the auspices of the International Drug Enforcement Conference to combat organized drug trafficking along the Northern Route in Afghanistan. The group met in May 2010 in Dushanbe, Tajikistan and shared intelligence on drug traffickers in the region.

  • Financial Intelligence Sharing: A meeting took place in December 2009 between Rosfinmonitoring and the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s FinCen. Cooperation between Rosfinmonitoring and FinCen focuses on continued financial intelligence information sharing, as well as targeted efforts to counter illicit financing, in pursuit of shared counternarcotics trafficking and counterterrorism objectives in Afghanistan and Central Asia. U.S. and Russian drug enforcement counterparts are collecting information for the purposes of conducting a joint mapping exercise. In February 2010, Russia provided information on the Hawala informal financial network that has been used for laundering proceeds from heroin trafficking and providing funds to the Taliban and Afghan warlords. The U.S. Department of the Treasury has shared information with Russian counterparts on Central Asian targets being reviewed for potential designation under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act. Rosfinmonitoring has also shared with the U.S. Treasury additional information on suspicious financial transactions related to Afghan drug trafficking.

Agenda for Future:

  • Continue to expand U.S.-Russian cooperation on Afghanistan counternarcotics issues, with an increased emphasis on interdiction of delivery channels, stemming the flow of precursor chemicals, enhanced information sharing, and reducing illicit financial flows linked to the regional drug trade.



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