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Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance: Moldova


Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
January 20, 2009

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[This fact sheet is no longer current; see updated version.]

Flag of Moldova is three equal vertical bands - blue, yellow, and red; in center of flag is Roman eagle carrying cross, olive branch, scepter; its breast shield has ox head, star, rose, crescent. 2003Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance*
Fiscal Year (FY) 2007: $17.77 Million (M) ($16M FSA, $1.77M Other)
Estimate FY 2008: $15.23M ($14.18M FSA, $1.04M Other)

Assistance Goals: The United States Government (USG) strives to help Moldova become fully democratic and prosperous, secure within its recognized borders and free to become a full partner in the Euro-Atlantic community. USG assistance supports Moldova’s transition to a modern, more transparent and participatory state, underpinned by the rule of law and a functioning market economy.

Areas of Focus (Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance):

Peace and Security (PS): FY 2007: $3.05M; Est. FY 2008: $2.35M

  • Strengthen border security and combat trafficking in persons (TIP), trade in illicit goods, financial crimes and weapons proliferation;
  • Enhance the military’s capacity to conduct peace and stability operations.

Governing Justly and Democratically (GJD): FY 2007: $8.31M; Est. FY 2008: $7.80M

  • Develop democratic institutions and ensure free and fair elections;
  • Strengthen civil society and support independent media to monitor government reforms and curb corruption;
  • Improve citizens’ access to justice by increasing public education, competent legal services, judicial effectiveness and assist Moldova’s legal system to operate transparently, efficiently and independently;
  • Develop more effective local political leadership and increase citizen participation in decision-making.

Investing in People (IIP): FY 2007: $0.40M; Est. FY 2008: 0

  • Reduce the public health risk of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C.

Economic Growth (EG): FY 2007: $4.99M; Est. FY 2008: $4.78M

  • Develop business and industry clusters, financial and investment intermediation and enhance Moldova’s business regulatory framework;
  • Build on momentum toward acceptance of European Union (EU) norms;
  • Build partnerships by training Moldovan business leaders in U.S. business practices in connection with American businesses and organizations.

Humanitarian Assistance (HA): FY 2007: $0.35M; Est. FY 2008: $0.30M

  • Support vulnerable populations with donated commodities such as food, clothing and medical supplies ($7M worth in FY 2007) via airlifts and ground transport.

Assistance to Conflict Areas:

  • Programs to promote tolerance and dialogue with people living in the Transnistria region of Moldova.

Recent Successes:

  • The Government of Moldova (GOM) has remained committed to the Moldova-EU Action Plan it signed in 2005—a "road map" of reforms to strengthen democratic institutions, increase transparency and improve the investment climate;
  • The USG assisted the GOM to establish a witness protection unit at the Center for Combating Trafficking in Persons (TIP), which aids in prosecuting TIP cases;
  • Strengthened a new law which clarifies that domestic violence is a criminal offense; 35 judges and prosecutors were trained regarding the new law and a legal representation program was established for victims;
  • Technical assistance and training in the apparel sector led to better management of workflow and performance targets, resulting in a 20% increase in productivity;
  • With USG assistance, the Ministry of Health de-centralized health care with the creation of 40 new independent primary care centers.

*Division J of the Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 Omnibus Appropriations Act: Department of State Foreign Operations and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2008, including: FSA, Child Survival and Health (CSH), Non-proliferation, Anti-terrorism, De-mining and Related programs, IMET and FMF.

**Estimate from FY 2009 Congressional Budget Justification; Website: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/101440.pdf.

Pie chart depicting foreign operations appropriated assistance est. FY 2008 by objective. Text version also available.

Line graph depicting USG total assistance 1992-2007: Total USG and FREEDOM Support Act USD Millions. Text version also available.

Moldova: Est. FY 2008 USD Thousands

Total For. Ops. Accounts** $15,225

FREEDOM Support Act:

$14,184

International Military Education and Training (IMET):

$571

Foreign Military Financing (FMF):

$470

For More Information:

FSA Annual Report:
http://www.state.gov/p/eur/rls/rpt

Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Report:
http://www.mcc.gov/countries/moldova/

U.S. Embassy:
http://moldova.usembassy.gov/


Graph Explanations

Pie Chart: In Fiscal Year 2008 fifty-one percent of U.S. assistance went to the objective of Governing Justly and Democratically (GJD), thirty-one percent went to Economic Growth (EG), sixteen percent went to Peace and Security (PS), and two percent went to Humanitarian Assistance.

The Line Graph covers U.S. assistance to Moldova from 1992-2007:

  • In Fiscal Year 1992 $1.11 Million dollars in Freedom Support Act (FSA) funds was given in assistance to Moldova and total United States Government (USG) assistance was 12.16 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1993: FSA: 11.69 Million dollars; Total USG: 61.43 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1994: FSA: 39.37 Million dollars; Total USG: 39.17 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1995: FSA: 24.37 Million dollars; Total USG: 39.17 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1996: FSA: 23.50 Million dollars; Total USG: 58.07 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1997: FSA: 27.57 Million dollars; Total USG: 30.14 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1998: FSA: 34.20 Million dollars; Total USG: 44.89 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1999: FSA: 47.31 Million dollars; Total USG: 63.10 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2000: FSA: 50.09 Million dollars; Total USG: 63.20 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2001: FSA: 22.54 Million dollars; Total USG: 68.95 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2002: FSA: 36.02 Million dollars; Total USG: 47.91 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2003: FSA: 30.10 Million dollars; Total USG: 51.27 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2004: FSA: 22.54 Million dollars; Total USG: 41.30 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2005: FSA: 17.51 Million dollars; Total USG: 30.55 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2006: FSA: 17.82 Million dollars; Total USG: 26.74 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2007: FSA; 16 Million dollars; Total USG: 22 Million.



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