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Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance: Kazakhstan


Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
January 20, 2009

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[This fact sheet is no longer current; see updated version.]

Flag of Kazakhstan is sky blue background representing the endless sky and a gold sun with 32 rays soaring above a golden steppe eagle in the center; on the hoist side is a 'national ornamentation' in gold.Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance*
Fiscal Year (FY) 2007: $26.80 Million (M) ($20M FSA, $6.80M Other)
Estimate FY 2008: $21.55M ($14.88M FSA, $6.67M Other)**

Assistance Goals: The United States (U.S.) works in partnership with the people and Government of Kazakhstan (GOK) to improve economic performance and democratic governance. To achieve these results, the U.S. Government (USG) provides the necessary expertise and other resources to improve the rule of law and strengthen GOK security forces and the country’s financial infrastructure. As previous economic reforms have shown results, the GOK has made significant financial contributions to USG economic development projects.

Areas of Focus (Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance):

Peace and Security (PS): FY 2007: $9.55M; Est. FY 2008: $6.99M

  • Provide training to customs and other law enforcement officials to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction;
  • Help the GOK draft effective legislation and improve enforcement of existing laws to counter trafficking in persons (TIP);
  • Improve the interoperability of the Kazakhstan military through joint training exercises with the U.S. military.

Governing Justly and Democratically (GJD): FY 2007: $5.72M; Est. FY 2008: $4.76M

  • Build the skills of local human rights organizations to monitor and report;
  • Train non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to improve organizational skills and strengthen their ability to work with local governments;
  • Increase access to unbiased information through the Internet and support fledgling independent media organizations;
  • Improve the organizational skills of all registered political parties;
  • Train legal professionals and record public proceedings.

Investing in People (IIP): FY 2007: $2.93M; Est. FY 2008: $3.24M

  • Educate the public about the risks and treatment of HIV/AIDS;
  • Continue using the Directly Observed Therapy Short Course to improve treatment and reduce the number of deaths from tuberculosis;
  • Improve primary health care and introduce new ideas in health finance.

Economic Growth (EG): FY 2007: $7.73M; Est. FY 2008: $6.55M

  • Build the institutional capacity of the National Bank of Kazakhstan;
  • Introduce financial auditing standards into the local business environment;
  • Provide business education to enable young people to take advantage of opportunities and find meaningful, well-paying jobs.

Recent Successes:

  • USG assistance had a direct impact on improving a composite measure of health system effectiveness, which rose from 26% in 2006 to 45% in 2007;
  • The GOK implemented a new law “On Procurement,” which reduced governmental bid fees from 3% to 1%, which will save businesses over $110M annually and increase overall economic transparency in Kazakhstan;
  • For the first time local NGOs regularly participated in official sessions of governmental commissions on human rights;
  • As a result of training for prosecutors and judges, successful prosecutions of TIP traffickers and complicit officials increased from one in 2006 to 17 in 2007.

*Division J of the Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 Omnibus Appropriations Act: Department of State Foreign Operations and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2008, including: FSA, CSH, NADR, IMET and FMF.

**Estimate from FY 2009 Congressional Budget Justification; Website: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/101440.pdf.

Pie chart depicting foreign operations appropriated assistance est. FY 2008 by objective. Text version also available.

Line graph depicting USG total assistance 1992-2007: Total USG and FREEDOM Support Act, FSA, USD Millions. Text version also available.

Kazakhstan: Est. FY 2008 USD Thousands

Total For. Ops. Accounts**$21,551

FREEDOM Support Act:

$14,879

Non-proliferation, Anti-terrorism, De-mining and Related Programs (NADR):

$3,488

Foreign Military Financing (FMF):

$1,339

International Military Education and Training (IMET):

$952
Child Survival and Health (CSH):$893

For More Information:

FSA Annual Report:
http://www.state.gov/p/eur/rls/rpt

U.S. Embassy:
http://kazakhstan.usembassy.gov/

Other State Department Links:
http://www.state.gov/p/sca/ci/kz/


Graph Explanations

Pie Chart: For estimated Fiscal Year 2008 to Kazakhstan thirty-nine percent of U.S. assistance went to the objective of Governing Justly and Democratically (GJD), thirty-three percent to Investing in People (IIP), fourteen percent to Peace and Security (PS) and ten percent to Economic Growth (EG) and four percent to Humanitarian Assistance (HA).

The Line Graph covers U.S. assistance to Kazakhstan from 1992-2007:

  • In Fiscal Year 1992 6.85 Million dollars in Freedom Support Act (FSA) assistance was given to Kazakhstan and total United States Government (USG) assistance was 20.33 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 1993: FSA: 28.97 Million dollars; Total USG: 51.51 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1994: FSA: 145.03 Million dollars; Total USG: 203.20 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1995: FSA: 54.85 Million dollars; Total USG: 139.00 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1996: FSA: 33.98 Million dollars; Total USG: 79.34 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1997: FSA: 35.29 Million dollars; Total USG: 53.53 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1998: FSA: 41.83 Million dollars; Total USG: 75.89 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1999: FSA: 45.57 Million dollars; Total USG: 72.68 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2000: FSA: 46.27 Million dollars; Total USG: 77.97 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2001: FSA: 34.09 Million dollars; Total USG: 80.01 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2002: FSA: 50.52 Million dollars; Total USG: 97.65 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2003: FSA: 43.91 Million dollars; Total USG: 91.42 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2004: FSA: 34.09 Million dollars; Total USG: 111.40 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2005: FSA: 26.69 Million dollars; Total USG: 84.91 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2006: FSA: 24.43 Million dollars; Total USG: 80.16 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2007: FSA: 20.00 Million dollars; Total USG: 77.50 Million dollars.



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