Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance*
Assistance Goals: Romania, the largest EU country in Southeast Europe, with a well-educated population and substantial natural resources, is a key strategic ally for America in the region and global affairs. Even before joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Romania was an active partner in Balkan peacekeeping and since then has developed “niche” military capabilities within the Alliance. The bilateral strategic partnership with the United States is a model, with Romanian soldiers continuing to serve together with American troops in Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq. In FY 2007, the U.S. Government (USG) assistance addressed the basic issues needed to support Romania’s continued democratic and economic transition. These programs facilitated Romania’s entry into the EU. The USG security assistance transforms Romania’s armed forces to better support coalition operations through enhanced expeditionary capabilities and increased professionalism of the officer and noncommissioned officer corps. USG security assistance also focused on Romania’s law enforcement agencies in areas such as trafficking in persons and cyber crime. These programs contributed to the growth of regional institutions and security. During the year, further assistance was given to prepare Romania in the event of Avian Influenza outbreaks.
Areas of Focus (Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance):
Peace and Security (PS): FY 2007: $15.90M, Est. FY 2008: $12.81M
*Division J of the Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 Omnibus Appropriations Act: Department of State Foreign Operations and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2008, including: SEED, Child Survival and Health (CSH), Non-proliferation, Anti-terrorism, De-mining and Related programs (NADR), IMET and FMF.
**Estimate from FY 2009 Congressional Budget Justification; Website: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/101440.pdf.
The Bar Graph covers U.S. assistance to Romania from 1998-2007: