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Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance: Belarus


Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
January 20, 2009

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[This fact sheet is no longer current; see updated version.]

Flag of Belarus is a red horizontal band at top with one-half-width green horizontal band below; on hoist side is white vertical stripe with red Belarusian national ornament.Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance*
Fiscal Year (FY) 2007: $11.34 Million (M) ($11.19M FSA, $0.15M Other)
Estimate FY 2008: $10.19M ($10.19M FSA)**

Assistance Goals: The U.S. Government’s (USG) foreign policy towards Belarus is robust democracy promotion with the goal of empowering the Belarusian people so that they may determine their own future. In support of this objective, the majority of U.S. assistance is targeted to support Belarus’s transformation to a democracy that respects human rights and the rule of law by building democratic institutions and strengthening civil society. U.S. social and humanitarian programs work to improve standards of living, demonstrating U.S. support for the Belarusian people.

Areas of Focus (Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance):

Peace and Security (PS): FY 2007: 0.15M; Est. FY 2008: 0

  • Work with the Government of Belarus (GOB) to physically protect nuclear material;
  • Due to concerns over human rights violations committed by the GOB, the U.S. provides no bilateral assistance to the Belarusian military or law enforcement bodies.

Governing Justly and Democratically (GJD): FY 2007: $8.95M; Est. FY 2008: $9.16M

  • Build the capacity of NGOs in Belarus to increase public participation and act as agents for change;
  • Strengthen independent media outlets and journalists inside and outside of Belarus to increase access to independent information;
  • Build the capacity of democratic parties to unify, strategize, organize and connect with constituents.

Investing in People (IIP): FY 2007: $1.55M; Est. FY 2008: $0.73M

  • Combat HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis and educate people living in the Chernobyl-affected regions on a more radiation-free lifestyle;
  • Increase access to independent higher education through support for the European Humanities University (EHU), now located in Lithuania;
  • Combat human trafficking by increasing NGO advocacy skills, increasing awareness, job skills and job-seeking skills among potential victims and assisting with victim reintegration.

Economic Growth (EG): FY 2007: 0; Est. FY 2008: 0

  • Due to concerns over human rights violations committed by the GOB, the United States provides no direct economic growth assistance.

Humanitarian Assistance (HA): FY 2007: $0.40M; Est. FY 2008: $0.30M

  • Provide basic assistance to the most vulnerable populations through the provision of donated humanitarian assistance; in FY07, this assistance was valued at $11.4M.

2007 Successes:

  • With USG support, 900 Belarusian youths seeking an alternative to state-sponsored higher education received free tuition for an EHU distance learning program.
  • A USG-supported external radio project improved its program content and increased its audience to over 16,000 hits per month, a four-fold increase from the end of 2006.
  • Nearly 600 people received USG-assisted political party training in FY 2007.
  • More than 300 political activists whose human rights were violated received humanitarian and legal services through USG supported NGOs.
*Division J of the Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 Omnibus Appropriations Act: Department of State Foreign Operations and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2008, including: FSA, Child Survival and Health (CSH), Non-proliferation, Anti-terrorism, De-mining and Related programs (NADR), International Military Education and Training (IMET) and Foreign Military Financing (FMF).

**Estimate from FY 2009 Congressional Budget Justification; Website: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/101440.pdf.

Chart shows foreign operations appropriated assistance est. FY 2008 by objective. Text version available.
Chart shows USG total assistance 1992-2007: total USG and Freedom Support Act, FSA, USD millions. Text version available.

Belarus: Est. FY 2008 USD Thousands

Total For. Ops. Accounts**

$10,192

FREEDOM Support Act (FSA):

$10,192

For More Information:

FSA Annual Report:
http://www.state.gov/p/eur/rls/rpt/92786.htm

U.S. Embassy:
http://minsk.usembassy.gov/


Graph Explanations:

Pie Chart: For estimated Fiscal Year 2008 to Belarus ninety percent of U.S. assistance went to the objective of Governing Justly and Democratically (GJD), seven percent to Investing in People (IIP), and three percent to Humanitarian Assistance (HA)

The Line Graph covers U.S. assistance to Belarus from 1992-2007:

  • In Fiscal Year 1992 2.23 Million dollars in Freedom Support Act (FSA) assistance was given to Belarus and total United States Government (USG) assistance was 41.44 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 1993: FSA: 4.44 Million dollars; Total USG: 129.87 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 1994: FSA: 15.63 Million dollars; Total USG: 58.31 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 1995: FSA: 8.31 Million dollars; Total USG: 59.0 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 1996: FSA: 5.07 Million dollars; Total USG: 27.94 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 1997: FSA: 5.24 Million dollars; Total USG: 1.79 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 1998: FSA: 7.84 Million dollars; Total USG: 1.02 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 1999: FSA: 12.40 Million dollars; Total USG: 0.91 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 2000: FSA: 8.69 Million dollars; Total USG: 1.00 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 2001: FSA: 8.04 Million dollars; Total USG: 4.82 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 2002: FSA: 10.91 Million dollars; Total USG: 1.26 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 2003: FSA: 9.12 Million dollars; Total USG: 1.36 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 2004: FSA: 8.40 Million dollars; Total USG: 3.80 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 2005: FSA: 12.15 Million dollars; Total USG: 4.49 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 2006: FSA: 11.55 Million dollars; Total USG: 3.80 Million dollars
  • Fiscal Year 2007: FSA: 11.34 Million dollars; Total USG: 0.15 Million dollars



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