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November 21, 1995

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Text of Dayton Peace Agreement Documents Initialed in Dayton, Ohio on November 21, 1995

[TRANSLATION]

THE DELEGATION OF THE FR OF YUGOSLAVIA

President Slobodan Milosevic, Head of the Delegation of the FR of Yugoslavia

Dear Mr. President,

We write to you regarding the Peace Agreement and the documents which are to be initialled at the conclusion of the peace negotiations in Ohio. Since it is requested, in a number of documents prepared for adoption, that the FR of Yugoslavia be the guarantor of the obligations taken by the RS in the peace process, we kindly ask you to assume, on behalf of the FRY, the role of the guarantor that the Republika Srpska shall fulfill all the obligations it took.

The Delegation of the Republika Srpska:

Momcilo Krajisnik

Nikola Koljevic<

Aleksa Buha

Dayton, November 20, 1995

----------------------------------

REPUBLIC OF CROATIA
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
MINISTER

Dayton, November 21, 1995

The Honorable
Klaus Kinkel
Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs
Bonn

Dear Mr. Minister:

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement and the Agreement on Inter-Entity Boundary Line and Related Issues, which constitute Annex l-A and Annex 2 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Republic of Croatia has endorsed both of these Agreements.

On behalf of the Republic of Croatia, I wish to assure you that the Republic of Croatia shall take all necessary steps, consistent with the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to ensure that personnel or organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina which are under its control or with which it has influence fully respects and comply with the provisions of the aforementioned Annexes.

Sincerely,

Mate Granic

------------------------------------

REPUBLIC OF CROATIA
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
MINISTER

Dayton, November 21, 1995

The Honorable
Herve de Charette
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Paris

Dear Mr. Minister:

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement and the Agreement on Inter-Entity Boundary Line and Related Issues, which constitute Annex l-A and Annex 2 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Republic of Croatia has endorsed both of these Agreements.

On behalf of the Republic of Croatia, I wish to assure you that the Republic of Croatia shall take all necessary steps, consistent with the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to ensure that personnel or organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina which are under its control or with which it has influence fully respects and comply with the provisions of the aforementioned Annexes.

Sincerely,

Mate Granic

------------------------------------

REPUBLIC OF CROATIA
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
MINISTER

Dayton, November 21, 1995

The Honorable
Andre Kozyrev
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Moscow

Dear Mr. Minister:

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement and the Agreement on Inter-Entity Boundary Line and Related Issues, which constitute Annex l-A and Annex 2 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Republic of Croatia has endorsed both of these Agreements.

On behalf of the Republic of Croatia, I wish to assure you that the Republic of Croatia shall take all necessary steps, consistent with the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to ensure that personnel or organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina which are under its control or with which it has influence fully respects and comply with the provisions of the aforementioned Annexes.

Sincerely,

Mate Granic

------------------------------------

REPUBLIC OF CROATIA
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
MINISTER

Dayton, November 21, 1995

The Right Honorable
Malcolm Rifkind, QC MP
London

Dear Mr. Secretary:

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement and the Agreement on Inter-Entity Boundary Line and Related Issues, which constitute Annex l-A and Annex 2 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Republic of Croatia has endorsed both of these Agreements.

On behalf of the Republic of Croatia, I wish to assure you that the Republic of Croatia shall take all necessary steps, consistent with the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to ensure that personnel or organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina which are under its control or with which it has influence fully respects and comply with the provisions of the aforementioned Annexes.

Sincerely,

Mate Granic

------------------------------------

REPUBLIC OF CROATIA
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
MINISTER

Dayton, November 21, 1995

The Honorable
Warren Christopher
Secretary of State
Washington, D.C.

Dear Mr. Secretary:

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement and the Agreement on Inter-Entity Boundary Line and Related Issues, which constitute Annex l-A and Annex 2 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Republic of Croatia has endorsed both of these Agreements.

On behalf of the Republic of Croatia, I wish to assure you that the Republic of Croatia shall take all necessary steps, consistent with the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to ensure that personnel or organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina which are under its control or with which it has influence fully respects and comply with the provisions of the aforementioned Annexes.

Sincerely,

Mate Granic

------------------------------------

21 November 1995

The Honorable
Klaus Kinkel
Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs

BONN

Dear Mr. Minister,

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement and the Agreement on Inter-Entity Boundary Line and Related Issues, which constitute Annex 1-A and Annex 2 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has endorsed both of these Agreements.

On behalf of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, I wish to assure you that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall take all necessary steps, consistent with the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to ensure that the Republika Srpska fully respects and complies with the provisions of the aforementioned Annexes.

Sincerely,

Milan Milutinovic

------------------------------------

21 November 1995

The Honorable
Herve de Charette
Minister for Foreign Affairs

P A R I S

Dear Mr. Minister,

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement and the Agreement on Inter-Entity Boundary Line and Related Issues, which constitute Annex 1-A and Annex 2 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has endorsed both of these Agreements.

On behalf of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, I wish to assure you that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall take all necessary steps, consistent with the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to ensure that the Republika Srpska fully respects and complies with the provisions of the aforementioned Annexes.

Sincerely,

Milan Milutinovic

------------------------------------

21 November 1995

The Honorable
Andre Kozyrev
Minister for Foreign Affairs

M O S C O W

Dear Mr. Minister,

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement and the Agreement on Inter-Entity Boundary Line and Related Issues, which constitute Annex 1-A and Annex 2 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has endorsed both of these Agreements.

On behalf of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, I wish to assure you that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall take all necessary steps, consistent with the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to ensure that the Republika Srpska fully respects and complies with the provisions of the aforementioned Annexes.

Sincerely,

Milan Milutinovic

------------------------------------

21 November 1995

The Right Honorable
Malcolm Rifkind, QC MP

L O N D O N

Dear Mr. Secretary,

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement and the Agreement on Inter-Entmty Boundary Line and Related Issues, which constitute Annex 1-A and Annex 2 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has endorsed both of these Agreements.

On behalf of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, I wish to assure you that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall take all necessary steps, consistent with the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to ensure that the Republika Srpska fully respects and complies with the provisions of the aforementioned Annexes.

Sincerely,

Milan Milutinovic

------------------------------------

21 November 1995

The Honorable
Warren Christopher
Secretary of State

WASHINGTON, D.C.

Dear Mr. Secretary,

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement and the Agreement on Inter-Entity Boundary Line and Related Issues, which constitute Annex 1-A and Annex 2 to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has endorsed both of these Agreements.

On behalf of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, I wish to assure you that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall take all necessary steps, consistent with the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to ensure that the Republika Srpska fully respects and complies with the provisions of the aforementioned Annexes.

Sincerely,

Milan Milutinovic

------------------------------------

REPUBLIC OF CROATIA
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
MINISTER

Dayton, November 21, 1995

His Excellency
Boutros Boutros-Ghali
Secretary General
United Nations
New York

Dear Mr. Secretary General:

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement attached as Annex l-A to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Recognizing the importance of a comprehensive peace settlement to bring an end to the tragic conflict in the region, I have the honor to provide the following undertaking to promote achievement of that objective.

On behalf of the Republic of Croatia, I wish to assure United Nations that, in order to facilitate accomplishment of the mission of the multinational military Implementation Force ("IFOR") referred to in Annex l-A, the Republic of Croatia shall strictly refrain from introducing into or otherwise maintaining in Bosnia and Herzegovina any armed forces or other personnel with military capability.

Sincerely,

Mate Granic

------------------------------------

REPUBLIC OF CROATIA
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
MINISTER

Dayton, November 21, 1995

His Excellency
Sergio Silvio Balanzino
Acting Secretary General
North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Brussels

Dear Mr. Secretary General,

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement attached as Annex l-A to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Recognizing the importance of a comprehensive peace settlement to bring an end to the tragic conflict in the region, I have the honor to provide the following undertaking to promote achievement of that objective.

On behalf of the Republic of Croatia, I wish to assure the North Atlantic Treaty Organization that, in order to facilitate accomplishment of the mission of the multinational military Implementation Force ("IFOR") referred to in Annex l-A, the Republic of Croatia shall strictly refrain from introducing into or otherwise maintaining in Bosnia and Herzegovina any armed forces or other personnel with military capability.

Sincerely,

Mate Granic

------------------------------------

21 November 1995

His Excellency
Boutros Boutros-Ghali
Secretary General
United Nations
New York

Dear Mr. Secretary General:

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement attached as Annex l-A to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Recognizing the importance of a comprehensive peace settlement to bring an end to the tragic conflict in the region, I have the honor to provide the following undertaking to promote achievement of that objective.

On behalf of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, I wish to assure the United Nations that, in order to facilitate accomplishment of the mission of the multinational military Implementation Force ("IFOR") referred to in Annex l-A, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall strictly refrain from introducing into or otherwise maintaining in Bosnia and Herzegovina any armed forces or other personnel with military capability.

Sincerely,

Milan Milutinovic
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

------------------------------------

21 November 1995

His Excellency
Sergio Silvio Balanzino
Acting Secretary General
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Brussels

Dear Mr. Secretary General:

I refer to the Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement attached as Annex l-A to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Recognizing the importance of a comprehensive peace settlement to bring an end to the tragic conflict in the region, I have the honor to provide the following undertaking to promote achievement of that objective.

On behalf of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, I wish to assure the North Atlantic Treaty Organization that, in order to facilitate accomplishment of the mission of the multinational military Implementation Force ("IFOR") referred to in Annex l-A, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall strictly refrain from introducing into or otherwise maintaining in Bosnia and Herzegovina any armed forces or other personnel with military capability.

Sincerely,

Milan Milutinovic
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

------------------------------------

Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio
November 21, 1995

The Honorable
Warren Christopher
Secretary of State of the
United States of America

Dear Mr. Secretary:

Upon initialing of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, I will undertake several confidence-building measures to develop ties between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and to build support for the peace settlement. Toward these important ends, I am pleased to make the following commitments on behalf of the government and people of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Release Of All Detained Non-Combatants

All detained non-combatants will be released immediately from work brigade, detention site or other formal or informal custody, as required by UN Security Council Resolution 1019 of November 9, 1995. Specifically, pursuant to the resolution, all detention camps throughout the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina will be immediately closed, and representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross shall be permitted (I) to register any persons detained against their will, and (II) to have access to any site it may deem important.

Customs Union

As a matter of priority, my government will participate in senior expert-level meetings to pursue the harmonization of customs policies toward establishment of a customs union between the two countries.

Hot Line

With technical assistance as offered by the United States, my government will establish a direct, secure telephone link between the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Presidency of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Direct Flights

My government will grant permission through appropriate national and international agencies for direct flights between Sarajevo and Belgrade. I understand that interested countries intend to encourage international carriers to add these routes to their schedule.

High-Level Visits

I undertake to have my government organize a program of high-level visits to Sarajevo and other important sites for officials and other distinguished persons from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. I understand that Ambassadors from Contact Group and other interested countries will be available to participate as appropriate to help sustain international and domestic interest in the strengthening of ties between the two countries.

Economic Development

My government will take the steps necessary to establish a bilateral Commission on Economic Integration and Infrastructure Development for bilateral cooperation on nationally- and internationally-funded projects affecting both countries. In particular, the Commission will promote co- financing, joint ventures, and appropriate multilateral arrangements to develop the transportation, energy, and communications sectors in both countries.

Chamber Of Commerce

My government will actively seek the establishment of a joint Chamber of Commerce to promote trade and economic development in both countries by coordinating, where appropriate, the activities of the respective Chambers of Commerce in each country and by promoting ties with Chambers of Commerce in other countries.

Cultural And Educational Exchange

My government will actively develop student exchanges between the two countries, as well as nominate students to participate in joint exchange programs with the United States. Similarly, with support from the United States and other interested governments, my government will promote visits between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Bosnia and Herzegovina for scientific, cultural, sporting, youth and similar groups. We will fully participate in the establishment and operation of a bilateral Commission on Cultural and Educational Exchange to develop programs in these areas.

Military Exchanges

In the context of regional arms control and related military confidence- building measures agreed elsewhere by Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, my government will promote familiarization and staff exchange visits for officers from the armed forces of the other country. These visits will explore, among other measures, the establishment of liaison offices to each other's respective defense chiefs.

Commission of Inquiry

My government will actively support the establishment and activities of an international commission of inquiry into the recent conflict in the former Yugoslavia. This will include participation by the governments of the states involved, as well as distinguished international experts to be named by agreement among the Republics of former Yugoslavia. The Commission's mandate will be to conduct fact-finding and other necessary studies into the causes, conduct, and consequences of the recent conflict on as broad and objective a basis as possible, and to issue a report thereon, to be made available to all interested countries and organizations. My government will cooperate fully with this Commission.

Sincerely,

Alija Izetbegovic
President of the Republic of
Bosnia and Herzegovina

------------------------------------

Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio
November 21, 1995

The Honorable
Warren Christopher
Secretary of State of the
United States of America

Dear Mr. Secretary:

Upon initialing of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, I will undertake several confidence-building measures to develop ties between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and to build support for the peace settlement. Toward these important ends, I am pleased to make the following commitments on behalf of the government and people of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Release Of All Detained Non-Combatants

All detained non-combatants will be released immediately from work brigade, detention site or other formal or informal custody, as required by UN Security Council Resolution 1019 of November 9, 1995. Specifically, pursuant to the resolution, all detention camps throughout the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina will be immediately closed, and representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross shall be permitted (I) to register any persons detained against their will, and (II) to have access to any site it may deem important.

Customs Union

As a matter of priority, my government will participate in senior expert-level meetings to pursue the harmonization of customs policies toward establishment of a customs union between the two countries.

Hot Line

With technical assistance as offered by the United States, my government will establish a direct, secure telephone link between the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Presidency of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Direct Flights

My government will grant permission through appropriate national and international agencies for direct flights between Sarajevo and Belgrade. I understand that interested countries intend to encourage international carriers to add these routes to their schedule.

High-Level Visits

I undertake to have my government organize a program of high-level visits to Belgrade and other important sites for officials and other distinguished persons from Bosnia and Herzegovina. I understand that Ambassadors from Contact Group and other interested countries will be available to participate as appropriate to help sustain international and domestic interest in the strengthening of ties between the two countries.

Economic Development

My government will take the steps necessary to establish a bilateral Commission on Economic Integration and Infrastructure Development for bilateral cooperation on nationally- and internationally-funded projects affecting both countries. In particular, the Commission will promote co- financing, joint ventures, and appropriate multilateral arrangements to develop the transportation, energy, and communications sectors in both countries.

Chamber Of Commerce

My government will actively seek the establishment of a joint Chamber of Commerce to promote trade and economic development in both countries by coordinating, where appropriate, the activities of the respective Chambers of Commerce in each country and by promoting ties with Chambers of Commerce in other countries.

Cultural And Educational Exchange

My government will actively develop student exchanges between the two countries, as well as nominate students to participate in joint exchange programs with the United States. Similarly, with support from the United States and other interested governments, my government will promote visits between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Bosnia and Herzegovina for scientific, cultural, sporting, youth and similar groups. We will fully participate in the establishment and operation of a bilateral Commission on Cultural and Educational Exchange to develop programs in these areas.

Military Exchanges

In the context of regional arms control and related military confidence- building measures agreed elsewhere by Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, my government will promote familiarization and staff exchange visits for officers from the armed forces of the other country. These visits will explore, among other measures, the establishment of liaison offices to each other's respective defense chiefs.

Commission Of Inquiry

My government will actively support the establishment and activities of an international commission of inquiry into the recent conflict in the former Yugoslavia. This will include participation by the governments of the states involved, as well as distinguished international experts to be named by agreement among the Republics of former Yugoslavia. The Commission's mandate will be to conduct fact-finding and other necessary studies into the causes, conduct, and consequences of the recent conflict on as broad and objective a basis as possible, and to issue a report thereon, to be made available to all interested countries and organizations. My government will cooperate fully with this Commission.

Sincerely,

Slobodan Milosevic

------------------------------------

Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio
November 21, 1995

The Honorable
Slobodan Milosevic
President of the
Republic of Serbia

Dear Mr. President:

I refer to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in particular its Annex 9 on Public Corporations. My government intends to see established passenger and freight rail service on a regular schedule along the rail line extending through Bosanska Krupa, Bosanska Novi, Bosanska Dubica, and Bosanska Gradiska in a cooperative arrangement that accords with Article II of Annex 9. My government will support and facilitate as appropriate the functioning of this railroad.

Sincerely,

Alija Izetbegovic
President of the Republic of
Bosnia and Herzegovina

cc: The Honorable Warren Christopher
Secretary of State of the
United States of America

------------------------------------

Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio
November 21, 1995

The Honorable
Alija Izetbegovic
President of the Republic of
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Dear Mr. President:

I refer to the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in particular its Annex 9 on Public Corporations. As head of the joint delegation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and of the Republika Srpska, I state our intention to see established passenger and freight rail service on a regular schedule along the rail line extending through Bosanska Krupa, Bosanska Novi, Bosanska Dubica, and Bosanska Gradiska in a cooperative arrangement that accords with Article II of Annex 9. Those governments will support and facilitate as appropriate the functioning of this railroad.

Sincerely,

Slobodan Milosevic

cc: The Honorable Warren Christopher
Secretary of State of the
United States of America

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