Country Overview U.S. FOREIGN POLICY AND FOREIGN ASSISTANCE OBJECTIVES & PRIORITIES
Poland is a stable, democratic country that has been a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) since 1999 and the European Union (EU) since 2004. A key United States ally in Central and Eastern Europe, Poland’s support of United States’ (U.S.) foreign and security policy equals or exceeds that of any government in Europe. Since joining NATO in March 1999, Poland has supported U.S. security priorities, including the War on Terror, and has made contributions to the liberation and reconstruction of Afghanistan and Iraq.
The last year for new SEED bilateral funding to Poland was Fiscal Year (FY) 2000.OPERATING ENVIRONMENT
Poland remains a strong ally of the U.S. and its population is generally friendly to the U.S. Parliamentary elections in October 2007 resulted in a victory for the opposition Civil Platform over the incumbent Law and Justice Party. The new government is expected to continue cooperation with the U.S. in the future. Poland is currently negotiating with the U.S. for the location of a missile defense site in Poland.
FY 2007 Country Program PerformancePEACE AND SECURITY
U.S. security-related assistance focused on supporting military modernization to meet Poland’s NATO commitments in FY 2007. In addition, the U.S. provided Polish military leaders with the training needed to integrate their armed forces better with U.S. forces in NATO and elsewhere, as in Iraq and Afghanistan. The U.S. also aids Poland in controlling its borders, increasing aviation security, and modernizing its police investigation capacity. Military Assistance -
During FY 2007 the United States provided military equipment to help Poland meet NATO force modernization obligations while also contributing equipment to Iraq. In particular, security assistance was used to help Poland refurbish five donated C-130s to enhance the airlift capability among NATO allies. Additionally the U.S. provided training assistance to Poland to improve the professional education of its military officers. During FY 2007 over 520 Polish officers attended training for security programs funded by the U.S. The United States Government (USG) also funded a series of training sessions, workshops, seminars, and visits at a cost of $100,000 in FY 2007.Law Enforcement -
Two Polish National Police (PNP) Officers attended the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) National Academy at Quantico, Virginia, in FY 2007. The USG also provided the following four one-week training courses in Poland: the Undercover School for Border Guards; Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) training for Polish law enforcement personnel; cyber crime training for PNP; and interview and interrogation training for Poland’s internal security agency (ABW) .
As a result of U.S. law enforcement assistance, the FBI is working more closely with Polish law enforcement agencies. For example, recently Polish law enforcement was able to provide immediate assistance to the FBI in an undercover investigation, which was a direct result of the training received by Polish law enforcement agencies.ECONOMIC GROWTH
Poland underwent a "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s that transformed its economy into one of the most dynamic in Central Europe. Nevertheless, Poland still faces problems of high unemployment, underdeveloped and dilapidated infrastructure, and a poor rural underclass.
In FY 2007 USG assistance was targeted at improving the knowledge of Polish firms about U.S. government procurement processes and regulations, as well as agricultural development assistance.
During FY 2007, a modest amount of U.S. assistance provided a training team for a three-day seminar in Warsaw teaching Polish firms how to compete for tenders to supply the USG with goods and services. The team provided instruction on USG procurement regulations and instruction on how to present bids to approximately 60 Polish firms. After receiving training, the instructors assisted the firms in registering themselves on qualified bidder’s lists.
The USG assisted Poland to further develop its agriculture by: sending five Polish scientists to the United States to study under the Borlaug Fellows program; supporting visits of Polish veterinarians, a television journalist, and film crew to the United States. to learn about biotechnology; and supporting informational events about U.S. agriculture at Polish agricultural universities in Krakow and Poznan.