The United States has a strong and growing partnership with Yemen. We are supporting the Yemeni government and people with a comprehensive strategy to promote the political, economic, and security sector reforms underpinning the country’s Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-brokered political transition initiative. Our aid is also focused on partnering with the Yemeni government to meet the critical needs of its citizens and address mutual security challenges. The people of Yemen are creating a new political reality with a government that is increasingly responsive, accountable, and capable of addressing urgent needs and building a solid foundation for the country’s long-term development, growth, security, and stability. Since the beginning of Yemen’s transition in November 2011, U.S. assistance to Yemen has totaled more than $800 million. The United States remains committed to supporting the Yemeni people throughout the transition process and beyond.
The people of Yemen have taken significant steps toward meaningful reform through the country’s ongoing political transition process. As envisioned in the GCC Initiative, Yemen completed a National Dialogue Conference, an inclusive discussion of fundamental questions about the structure of the state and reform of the political system. The outcomes from this conference are guiding decisions on drafting a new constitution, the next step toward concluding the transition with national elections. In coordination with the international community, the United States is providing over $40 million to support Yemen’s transition from National Dialogue implementation to constitutional reform, and elections. A key focus of this aid is supporting the efforts of Yemeni women and youth to ensure their voices and perspectives contribute to Yemen’s transition. Building on the success of the National Dialogue, the United States remains firmly committed to supporting Yemen as it continues to achieve meaningful reform, including through:
While Yemen tackles issues of fundamental political reform, it continues to cope with serious economic and social challenges affecting the everyday lives of all Yemenis. Greater investment in the economic and social wellbeing of the Yemeni people, as well as immediate relief for their urgent humanitarian needs, is providing space to realize the transition’s full potential. The United States has provided approximately $300 million in humanitarian assistance since the beginning of the transition to help address the needs of the most vulnerable populations in Yemen, including displaced and conflict-affected Yemenis and refugees from the Horn of Africa, through the United Nations Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan and other humanitarian actors. This includes food and nutrition assistance, shelter and basic relief items, access to clean water and health care, among other types of assistance. The United States remains committed to helping the most vulnerable in Yemen.
We are also helping to advance Yemeni government efforts in the areas of economic reform, growth and development. U.S. programs help create economic opportunities for the Yemeni people, assist the Yemeni government in its efforts to improve the delivery of social services, and promote the institutional and policy reforms that will set Yemen on a more sustainable path. We have allocated more than $185 million toward these endeavors since the beginning of the transition, and remain committed to supporting economic growth and development going forward, including $30 million to Yemen’s Social Welfare Fund to help mitigate the impact of critical economic reform measures on assist Yemen’s poorest citizens. The United States also supports efforts to create private sector economic opportunities to facilitate inclusive growth, while helping the government to improve basic service delivery and transparent administration of public funds. Examples include:
Yemen is a strong counterterrorism partner and the country’s security and stability also provides a foundation for sustainable reform. To this end, the United States allocated more than $275 million since the beginning of the transition to build the counterterrorism capacity of Yemeni security forces, as well as to strengthen civilian law enforcement and judicial institutions. In coordination with the international community, we are also actively supporting Yemen’s military and security sector reorganizations.
Building stronger bonds between the people of Yemen and the United States is vital to our long-term partnership. Educational exchanges and professional development play a key role in this. We have brought Yemeni leaders from a variety of fields to the United States to study topics such as women and youth leadership, interfaith dialogue, university administration, disability rights, water resource management, and small business development. Through the Fulbright Program, promising Yemeni students receive scholarships to pursue Master’s degrees, and other scholarship programs provide a year of support for undergraduates and for high school students. The Embassy’s active outreach program directed at alumni of U.S. government-sponsored exchange programs helps maintain and strengthen ties with this important group. We hosted a Yemeni trade delegation that explored business opportunities in alternative energy and water, and we facilitated Yemen’s participation in a coffee trade show to help rehabilitate Yemen’s historic coffee industry. Through cooperation with local non-profit organizations, we helped to build the capacity of leaders from Civil Society Organizations so they may pass acquired skills and knowledge on to other organizations in their communities, especially those who operate in isolated rural areas. We helped to fund the 2014 Comprehensive Food Security Survey that covered all of Yemen's 22 governorates to identify those communities most affected by food security and develop strategies to decrease the contributing factors. To expand our educational and cultural outreach nationwide, we launched American Spaces in Sana’a, Dhamar, Taiz, Hodeidah and Aden, and plan to open additional American Spaces in other Yemeni cities.