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AG/RES. 2357 (XXXVIII-O/08) Follow-Up to the Special Conference on Security


June 3, 2008

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(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.4820/08), in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security;

RECALLING the decisions of the Second Summit of the Americas (Santiago, 1998), the Third Summit of the Americas (Quebec City, 2001), the Special Conference on Security (Mexico City, 2003), the Special Summit of the Americas (Monterrey, Mexico, 2004), and the Fourth Summit of the Americas (Mar del Plata, Argentina, 2005), as well as the mandates issued in General Assembly resolutions related to the Special Conference on Security, especially resolution AG/RES. 2274 (XXXVII-O/07), “Follow-up to the Special Conference on Security”; and the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime, adopted by the Permanent Council [CP/RES. 908 (1567/06)];

RECALLING ALSO that the Declaration on Security in the Americas establishes that “[o]ur new concept of security in the Hemisphere is multidimensional in scope, includes traditional and new threats, concerns, and other challenges to the security of the states of the Hemisphere, incorporates the priorities of each state, contributes to the consolidation of peace, integral development, and social justice, and is based on democratic values, respect for and promotion and defense of human rights, solidarity, cooperation, and respect for national sovereignty”;

REAFFIRMING the commitment to revitalize and strengthen the organs, institutions, and mechanisms of the inter-American system related to the various aspects of hemispheric security, to achieve greater coordination and cooperation among them, within their areas of competence, in order to improve the ability of the states of the Americas to meet the traditional threats, as well as the new threats, concerns, and other challenges to hemispheric security;

RECALLING that, in 2006, the General Assembly established the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) as an entity of the Organization, in fulfillment of paragraph 49 of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, and adopted the Statutes of the IADB, which, inter alia, define its legal and institutional relationship with the Organization of American States (OAS);

UNDERSCORING the Second Conference of States Party to the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), held in Mexico City on February 20 and 21, 2008, at which the states parties adoptedthe Tlatelolco Commitment, which will help combat new threats in accordance with the Declaration on Security in the Americas; and

WELCOMING WITH SATISFACTION the measures and actions undertaken by the organs, agencies, and entities of the OAS in order to implement the Declaration on Security in the Americas, which were presented at the meeting of the Committee on Hemispheric Security on preparations for the commemoration of the fifth anniversary of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, held in Washington, D.C., on February 25, 2008, as well as the work carried out by the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to follow up on the Special Conference on Security,

RESOLVES:

1. To urge all member states to continue implementing the Declaration on Security in the Americas, with a view to consolidating peace, stability, and security in the Hemisphere.

2. To request the Permanent Council to continue, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security:

a. Coordinating cooperation among the organs, agencies, entities, and mechanisms of the Organization of American States (OAS) related to the various aspects of security and defense in the Hemisphere, respecting the mandates and areas of competence of each, in order to achieve the application, evaluation, and follow-up of the Declaration on Security in the Americas;

b. Maintaining the necessary liaison with other institutions and mechanisms, whether subregional, regional, or international, related to the various aspects of security and defense in the Hemisphere, respecting the mandates and areas of competence of each, in order to achieve the application, evaluation, and follow-up of the Declaration;

c. Requesting, with the periodicity deemed appropriate, reports on measures and action related to implementation of the Declaration from the following inter-American and international bodies:

i. OAS organs, agencies, entities, and mechanisms related to the various aspects of security and defense in the Hemisphere; and

ii. Other subregional, regional, and international institutions and mechanisms related to the various aspects of security and defense in the Hemisphere;

d. Conducting an ongoing assessment of the progress achieved in the implementation of the Declaration at the national, subregional, regional, and international levels, taking into account the particular circumstances of each subregion and state, with the participation of the organs, agencies, entities, and mechanisms of the OAS, relevant international and subregional organizations, and, when appropriate, civil society, to be reflected in the annual report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly;

e. Preparing, in coordination with the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security and with relevant organs, agencies, and entities of the OAS, including among others the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE), and the Consultative Committee of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), coordinated strategies and integrated action plans related to the new threats, concerns, and other challenges to hemispheric security, in accordance with the Declaration on Security in the Americas;

f. Considering in its work plans and, when appropriate, in developing coordinated strategies and integrated action plans, the recommendations formulated by specialized meetings and conferences of the inter-American system related to the subject of security in the Hemisphere; and

g. Considering in its work related to the new threats, concerns, and other challenges to hemispheric security, the contributions and cooperation of civil society in this area, where appropriate.

3.To request the Permanent Council to convene, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, any meetings it deems necessary to enable the member states to coordinate preparations for the commemoration of the fifth anniversary of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, to be held in Mexico in the last quarter of 2008.

4.To request the Permanent Council to convene, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, a meeting in the last quarter of 2009 to analyze progress made in implementing the Declaration on Security in the Americas by the member states and by the organs, agencies, entities, and mechanisms of the OAS, and to examine the outcomes of the commemoration of the fifth anniversary of the Declaration and build upon lessons learned regarding strengthening its implementation.

5.To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.



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