(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
Having seen the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.4820/08), in particular the section on the Committee on Hemispheric Security;
RECALLING resolutions AG/RES. 1747 (XXX-O/00), AG/RES. 1791 (XXXI-O/01), AG/RES. 1876 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1938 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 2008 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2111 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2186 (XXXVI-O/06), and AG/RES. 2273 (XXXVII-O/07), “Inter-American Support for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty”;
RECOGNIZING that the cessation of nuclear-weapon test explosions or any other nuclear explosions constitutes an effective nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation measure; and convinced that this is a meaningful step in the realization of a systematic and gradual process to achieve nuclear disarmament;
AFFIRMING that the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) constitutes the cornerstone of the nuclear nonproliferation regime;WELCOMING the ratification of the Treaty by the Government of Colombia, in particular because it is one of the Annex 2 countries, and by the Governments of The Bahamas and Barbados, which ratified the Treaty in November 2007 and January 2008, respectively;
BEARING IN MIND:
The commitment by nuclear-weapon member states to undertake effective measures aimed at nuclear disarmament, in accordance with Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), and the unequivocal commitment to the total elimination of their nuclear arsenals to achieve this objective, adopted at the Sixth NPT Review Conference, in 2000;
The consensus declarations from the previous Conferences on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the CTBT (Article XIV Conferences), the most recent of which was held in Vienna in September 2007; and
The valuable contribution of the CTBT to the consolidation and maintenance of international peace and security;
REAFFIRMING the need for universal adoption of the CTBT, negotiated within the United Nations framework;
RECALLING that in the Declaration on Security in the Americas the states of the Hemisphere reaffirmed their commitment to arms control, disarmament, and the nonproliferation of all weapons of mass destruction; and
That the CTBT has, thus far, been signed by 30 member states of the Organization of American States and ratified by 28 of them; and, in particular, that it has now been ratified by seven of the eight states of the Hemisphere whose ratification is required for the Treaty to enter into force;
The second session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), held in Geneva, Switzerland, from April 28 to May 9, 2008; and
The special meeting of the Committee on Hemispheric Security to review promotion of the full force and effect of the Treaty, held on February 7, 2008,
1. To call upon those states of the Hemisphere that have not yet done so to implement the “Measures to Promote the Entry into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT),” adopted in the framework of the Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, held in New York, in September 2005.
2. To call upon those states of the Hemisphere that have not yet done so, in particular the states listed in Annex 2 to the Treaty, to sign and/or ratify the CTBT, as the case may be, so that it may enter into force as soon as possible.
3. To promote, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, cooperation between the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) and the member states experiencing difficulties in ratifying the CTBT, in order to make progress in the number of ratifications required for this instrument to enter into force.
4. To encourage greater regional efforts to promote the signature and ratification of the CTBT by all states of the Hemisphere.
5. To call upon the states of the Hemisphere to refrain, even before the Treaty comes into force, from contravening the spirit of the obligations set forth therein, and to maintain, in particular, the moratorium on all kinds of nuclear tests, in accordance with the commitments undertaken at the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).
6. To invite all the states of the Hemisphere, particularly those with International Monitoring System facilities, to support and implement the CTBT’s verification regime when the Treaty enters into force.
7. To entrust the Permanent Council with holding, through its Committee on Hemispheric Security, a meeting in the first quarter of 2010 on the worldwide comprehensive nuclear test ban, with the participation of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL), the United Nations, the Preparatory Commission for the CTBTO, and other international institutions with competence in this area.
8. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth and fortieth regular sessions on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.
9. To request the Secretary General to forward this resolution to the United Nations Secretary-General, the Secretary General of OPANAL, and the Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the CTBTO.
1The United States does not support this resolution. The United States does not support the CTBT and does not intend to become a party to it. The United States will continue to work, as appropriate, with working groups of the CTBTO PrepCom and with its Provisional Technical Secretariat on the International Monitoring Systems (IMS) and IMS-related activities. The United States continues to observe its nuclear testing moratorium and has no plans to conduct a nuclear explosive test.