(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.4820/08), in particular the section on the activities of the Committee on Hemispheric Security;
BEARING IN MIND:
That one of the essential purposes of the Organization of American States (OAS) set forth in its Charter is to achieve an effective limitation of conventional weapons that will make it possible to devote the largest amount of resources to the economic and social development of the member states;
That the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions recognizes that, in accordance with the Charter of the Organization of American States and the Charter of the United Nations, member states have the inherent right to individual and collective self-defense; and
That the Declaration on Security in the Americas also recognizes that transparency in conventional weapons acquisitions and in defense policies, the limitation of military spending, while maintaining capabilities commensurate with legitimate defense and security needs, as well as other cooperation mechanisms between countries, are important confidence- and security-building measures which contribute to the reduction of tensions and to the strengthening of regional and international peace and security;
CONSIDERING that, in the Plan of Action of the Third Summit of the Americas, held in Quebec City, the Heads of State and Government declared that they would strive to improve the transparency and accountability of defense and security institutions and promote greater understanding and cooperation among government agencies involved in security and defense issues, through such means as increased sharing of defense policy and doctrine papers and personnel and information exchanges, including improving transparency in arms acquisitions;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION that the Governments of Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela have deposited their instruments of ratification or accession, bringing to 12 the number of OAS member states that are states parties to the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions; and
NOTING that the Second Meeting of States Parties to the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions to Prepare for the 2009 Conference of States Parties was held in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 2008,
1. To reaffirm, where applicable, its mandates to the Permanent Council and to the General Secretariat contained in resolution AG/RES. 2268 (XXXVII-O/07), “Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions,” as well as the recommendations to the member states contained therein.
2. To reaffirm its commitment to the principles of the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions and other related instruments applicable at the global, regional, and subregional levels.
3. To invite all member states which have not already done so to consider signing, ratifying, and/or acceding to the Convention.
4. To request the Permanent Council to convene, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, a meeting to consider the functioning and application of the Convention, as well as the preparations for the Conference of States Parties to be held in 2009, extending invitations to attend as observers to non-states parties, relevant regional and international organizations, and civil society organizations.
5. To urge states parties to identify national points of contact by no later than July 15, 2008, for the purpose of contributing to the preparation of annual reports and notifications.
6. To invite states parties, non-states parties, permanent observers, regional and international organizations, and civil society organizations interested in transparency in conventional weapons acquisitions to consider the possibility of offering technical assistance to those states that so request and/or making voluntary contributions to support activities related to the application of the Convention.
7. To request that the General Secretariat, in accordance with Article V of the Convention, contact the permanent observers to the OAS so that they may contribute to the objective of the Convention by providing information annually to the General Secretariat on their exports of conventional weapons to the states parties to the Convention.
8. To request the Secretary General to forward this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the Secretary General of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Association of South-East Asian Nations Regional Forum (ARF), and other pertinent regional organizations.
9. To request the Secretary General to present a report to the Permanent Council prior to the thirty-ninth regular session of the General Assembly on the status of signatures and ratifications of the Convention and of accessions thereto.
10. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.