printable banner

U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

List of Confidence and Security Building Measures


March 12, 2009

Share

Regional Conference on Confidence and Security Building Measures in Santiago, 1995

  1. Gradual adoption of agreements regarding advanced notice of military exercises;
  2. Exchange of information and participation of all member states in the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms and International Standardized Reporting of Military Expenditures;
  3. Promotion of the development and exchange of information concerning defense policies and doctrines;
  4. Consideration of a consultation process with a view to proceeding towards limitation and control of conventional weapons;
  5. Agreements on invitation of observers to military exercises, visits to military installations, arrangements for observing routine operations, and exchange of civilian and military personnel for regular and advanced training;
  6. Meetings and activities to prevent incidents and increase security for transport by land, sea, and air;
  7. Cooperation programs in the event of natural disasters or to prevent such disasters, based on the request and authorization of the affected states;
  8. Development and establishment of communications among civilian or military authorities of neighboring countries in accordance with their border situation;
  9. Holding seminars and courses, and studies on mutual confidence- and security-building measures and policies to promote confidence involving the participation of civilians and military personnel, and on the special security concerns of small island states;
  10. High-level meetings on the special security concerns of small island states;
  11. Education programs for peace.

Regional Conference on Confidence and Security Building Measures in San Salvador, 1998

  1. Encourage contact and cooperation among legislators;
  2. Extend to diplomatic training institutes, military academies, research centers, and universities, seminars, courses, and studies on CSBMs, disarmament, and other issues related to peace and hemispheric security;
  3. Identify and carry out activities promoting cooperation among neighboring countries along their border regions;
  4. Promote the exchange of information through the publication of books on defense policies and on the organization, structure, size, and composition of the armed forces;
  5. Develop a cooperation program to address maritime transport of nuclear and other waste, and to cooperate and coordinate in the relevant international fora to strengthen standards governing such transport and its safety;
  6. Support efforts of the small island states to address their special security concerns, including those of an economic, financial, and environmental nature;
  7. Improve and broaden the information submitted by the member states to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms;
  8. Continue consultations and the exchange of ideas within the hemisphere to advance the limitation and control of conventional weapons in the region;
  9. Other related activities and initiatives.

Summit-Mandated Experts’ Meeting on Confidence and Security Building Measures in Miami, 2003

  1. To implement a program of notification and observance of joint exercises and routine operations, as each state considers necessary;
  2. To undertake defense visit programs whereby the representatives from participating OAS member states visit defense installations and military academies in fellow OAS states, and to encourage the exchange of civilian and military personnel for both regular and advanced training between OAS member states;
  3. To participate in the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, including the provision of information on national production, and exchange such information with OAS member states;
  4. To participate in the UN Standardized International Reporting of Military Expenditures and to exchange such information with OAS member states;
  5. To develop common standardized methodologies for measuring defense expenditures among neighboring states;
  6. To develop and exchange defense policy and doctrine papers (defense white papers) among OAS member states, taking into account the guidelines approved by the Permanent Council of the OAS, by the next Defense Ministerial of the Americas in 2004;
  7. To exchange information on the functions, procedures, and institutional organization of ministries of defense and security, and related and pertinent institutions;
  8. To invite the Chair of the OAS Committee on Hemispheric Security to observe joint exercises to be conducted in the hemisphere;
  9. To establish, use, and exchange joint procedural manuals and credentials among armed forces and security bodies deployed in border regions;
  10. To consider establishing, as appropriate, mutual confidence or security zones in border areas, in accordance with the security, freedom of movement, and economic and commercial development needs of each state;
  11. To encourage necessary coordination among all OAS bodies and specialized agencies so the OAS can serve as a clearing-house of hemispheric efforts to address threats, concerns, and other challenges;
  12. To intensify cooperation in increasing security for transport by land, sea, and air, as each state deems necessary, in accordance with international law;
  13. To intensify cooperation, within the framework of the OAS, in the fight against terrorism, drug interdiction, preventing illicit small arms and light weapons trafficking, combating piracy, preventing smuggling, search and rescue operations, and the protection of natural resources and archaeological goods;
  14. To establish national points of contact regarding natural disaster response, environmental security, transportation security, and critical infrastructure protection, and to consider establishing a hemispheric directory of national points of contact on these matters, in addition to exchanging information regarding scientific and meteorological research related to natural disasters;
  15. To exchange information on security issues, such as the illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons and the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction, within the framework of the UN and OAS, as appropriate;
  16. To identify excess stocks of small arms and light weapons as well as seized small arms and light weapons and, in accordance with national laws and international agreements in which they participate, to define programs for the destruction of said weapons and to invite international representatives to observe their destruction;
  17. To enhance multilateral cooperation among member states through the development and application of policies, programs, and activities aimed specifically at the issues that are identified by the small island states as concerns, threats, and challenges to their security;
  18. To consider the following actions for early implementation aimed at enhancing the security-building capabilities of the small island states: --To establish a Virtual Private Network to facilitate regional sharing of criminal intelligence and other relevant databases in the fight against terrorism; --To share critical information among border control authorities to strengthen border control capacity in the fight against drug trafficking and terrorism; --To create joint training programs to allow existing entities to meet new challenges; and --To engage in joint strategic planning and cooperation in the fight against these common threats.
  19. To exchange and share information at the bilateral, subregional, and regional levels to strengthen the capacity of small island states to address their special security concerns, including, but not limited to, information on health, environment, customs, and the illicit trafficking in drugs and firearms;
  20. To hold high-level hemispheric meetings to follow up on the actions taken by the member states to promote confidence and security and respond to the recommendations of the Second High-Level Meeting on the Special Security Concerns of Small Island States;
  21. To cooperate closely to implement commitments agreed to at the 1998 Transportation Ministerial, active participation at the July 2003 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Conference on the Safety of Transport of Radioactive Material, and to work together toward the continued strengthening of international standards regarding the maritime transport of potentially hazardous materials, including petroleum and radioactive materials;
  22. To hold high-level meetings involving the ministries of defense and foreign affairs at the bilateral, subregional, and regional levels in order to provide for frank and direct dialogue on the joint evaluation of various aspects of defense and security and to exchange ideas and views with respect to the objectives of national defense policy, as well as the shared means of addressing common problems in this area;
  23. To conduct combined exercises between armed forces and/or public security forces, respectively, in compliance with the legislation of each state;
  24. To comply with OAS General Assembly Resolution 1288 by submitting a comprehensive inventory of CSBMs that each member state is conducting in the hemisphere;
  25. To exchange information among states in a position to do so on the organization, structure, size, and composition of defense and security forces;
  26. To strengthen cooperation and exchange of information among police, law enforcement, and military authorities of neighboring states in accordance with their border situation;
  27. To promote dialogue among hemispheric legislators within existing fora on confidence-building measures and on matters of peace and hemispheric security, including the exchange of visits and the convening of meetings;
  28. To recommend the possibility of holding a conference of hemispheric civil society representatives on confidence-building measures and on matters of peace and hemispheric security, including the exchange of visits, in accordance with the Summit of the Americas process;
  29. To extend to diplomatic training institutes, military academies, research centers, and universities the seminars, courses, and studies envisioned in the Declarations of Santiago and San Salvador on confidence- and security-building measures, and other issues related to peace and hemispheric security, with participation in those activities by government, civilian, and military officials and by civil society; likewise, to encourage exchanges and contacts between students, academics, and experts in defense and security studies;
  30. To use the OAS Information System (OASIS) for the exchange of defense and security information, data, and communications;
  31. To exchange and share experience and ideas on transparency and CSBMs with other regional security fora, such as the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), and the African Union (AU);
  32. To implement the relevant aspects of the program Education for Peace in the Hemisphere, adopted by the OAS Permanent Council through Resolution CP/RES. 769/00;
  33. To continue consultations and the exchange of ideas within the hemisphere to advance the limitation and control of conventional weapons in the region;
  34. To consider cooperative activities that develop regional peacekeeping skills and capacity through common training, combined exercises, and exchange of information on peacekeeping;
  35. To increase cooperation in accordance with the guidelines of the Inter-American Committee on Natural Disaster Reduction and to mitigate the consequences of such disasters, based on the request and authorization of affected states.

Committee on Hemispheric Security Consolidated List of Confidence and Security Building Measures for Reporting According to OAS Resolutions, January 15, 2009

  1. Submit a comprehensive inventory of CSBMs that each member state is conducting in the hemisphere annually to the OAS.
  2. Hold high-level meetings involving the ministries of defense and foreign affairs at the bilateral, subregional, and regional levels in order to provide for frank and direct dialogue on the joint evaluation of various aspects of defense and security and to exchange ideas and views with respect to the objectives of national defense policy, as well as the shared means of addressing common problems in this area.
  3. Extend to diplomatic training institutes, military academies, research centers, and universities the seminars, courses, and studies envisioned in the Declarations of Santiago and San Salvador on confidence- and security-building measures and other issues related to peace and hemispheric security, with participation in those activities by government, civilian, and military officials and by civil society.
  4. Notification and observance of joint exercises and routine operations, as each state considers necessary.
  5. Advance notice of military exercises.
  6. Conduct defense visit programs whereby the representatives from participating OAS member states visit defense installations and military academies.
  7. Invite the Chair of the OAS Committee on Hemispheric Security to observe joint exercises in the Western Hemisphere.
  8. Exchange of civilian and military personnel for both regular and advanced training.
  9. Participate in the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, including the provision and exchange of information on national production of conventional arms.
  10. Participate in the UN Standardized International Reporting of Military Expenditures and exchange this information with other member states.
  11. Develop common standardized methodologies for measuring defense expenditures among neighboring states.
  12. Develop and exchange defense policy and doctrine papers (defense white papers).
  13. Exchange information on the functions, procedures, and institutional organization of ministries of defense and security, and related and pertinent institutions.
  14. Exchange information on the organization, structure, size, and composition of defense and security forces.
  15. Consider cooperative activities that develop regional peacekeeping skills and capacity through common training, combined exercises, and exchange of information on peacekeeping.
  16. Hold meetings and activities to prevent incidents and increase security for transport by land, sea, and air, and intensify cooperation in increasing security for transport by land, sea, and air in accordance with international law.
  17. Strengthen cooperation and exchange of information among police, law enforcement, and military authorities of neighboring states in accordance with their border situation.
  18. Establish, use, and exchange joint procedural manuals and credentials among armed forces and security bodies deployed in border regions.
  19. Consider establishing, as appropriate, mutual confidence or security zones in border areas, in accordance with security, freedom of movement, and economic and commercial development needs of each state.
  20. Conduct combined exercises between armed forces and/or public security forces, respectively, in compliance with the legislation of each state. 
  21. Develop and establish of communications among civilian or military authorities of neighboring countries in accordance with their border situation. 
  22. Intensify cooperation, within the framework of the OAS, in the fight against terrorism, drug interdiction, preventing illicit small arms and light weapons trafficking, combating piracy, preventing smuggling, search and rescue operations, and the protection of natural resources and archaeological goods.
  23. Exchange information on security issues, such as the illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons and the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction, within the framework of the UN and OAS.
  24. Identify excess stocks of small arms and light weapons as well as seized small arms and light weapons and, in accordance with national and international agreements in which they participate, define programs for the destruction of said weapons and to invite international representatives to observe their destruction.
  25. Hold of seminars and courses, and studies on mutual confidence- and security-building measures and policies to promote confidence involving the participation of civilians and military personnel, and on the special security concerns of small island states.
  26. Cooperation programs in the event of natural disasters or to prevent such disasters, based on the request and authorization of the affected states.
  27. Establish national points of contact regarding natural disaster response, environmental security, transportation security, and critical infrastructure protection.
  28. Exchange information regarding scientific and meteorological research related to natural disasters.
  29. Increase cooperation in accordance with the guidelines of the Inter-American Committee on Natural Disaster Reduction and to mitigate the consequences of such disasters, based on the request and authorization of affected states.
  30. Enhance multilateral cooperation among member states through the development and application of policies, programs, and activities regarding issues that are identified by the small island states as concerns, threats, and challenges to their security, and exchange and share information at the bilateral, subregional and regional levels on the special security concerns of small island states to strengthen their capacity to address these concerns.
  31. Consider the following actions for early implementation aimed at enhancing the security-building capabilities of the small island states:
       - Establish a Virtual Private Network to facilitate regional sharing of criminal intelligence and other relevant databases in the fight against terrorism.
       - Share critical information among border control authorities to strengthen border control capacity in the fight against drug trafficking and terrorism.
       - Create joint training programs to allow existing entities to meet new challenges.
       - Engage in joint strategic planning and cooperation in the fight against these common threats.
  32. Cooperate closely to implement commitments agreed to at the 1998 Transportation Ministerial, active participation at the July 2003 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Conference on the Safety of Transport of Radioactive Material, and to work together toward the continued strengthening of international standards regarding the maritime transport of potentially hazardous materials, including petroleum and radioactive materials.
  33. Implement the relevant aspects of the program "Education for Peace" in the Hemisphere, adopted by OAS Permanent Council resolution CP/RES. 769/00.
  34. Suggest and promote dialogue among hemispheric legislators within existing fora on confidence-building measures and on matters of peace and hemispheric security, including the exchange of visits and the convening of meetings.
  35. Encourage exchanges and contacts between students, academics, and experts in defense and security studies.
  36. Exchange and share experience and ideas on transparency and CSBMs with other regional security fora, such as the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), and the African Union (AU).



Back to Top
Sign-in

Do you already have an account on one of these sites? Click the logo to sign in and create your own customized State Department page. Want to learn more? Check out our FAQ!

OpenID is a service that allows you to sign in to many different websites using a single identity. Find out more about OpenID and how to get an OpenID-enabled account.