November 4 and 5, 2009CONSENSUS OF SANTO DOMINGO ON PUBLIC SECURITY
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
(Adopted during the seventh plenary session held on November 5, 2009)
We, the Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas and the representatives of the member states of the Organization of American States, gathered in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic on November 4 and 5, 2009 at the Second Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA II), convened by the General Assembly of the Organization in resolution AG/RES. 2444 (XXXIX-O/09);
REITERATING the validity and importance of the “Commitment to Public Security in the Americas,” adopted during the First Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas, held in Mexico City in October 2008, and also of the Declaration of Port of Spain of the Fifth Summit of the Americas;
BEARING IN MIND that in the aforementioned “Commitment to Public Security in the Americas” the representatives of the member states expressed their political will to, and the priority of, addressing all forms of crime, violence, and insecurity in a mutually supportive, preventive, comprehensive, coherent, effective, and continuous manner;
TAKING NOTE of the outcomes of the Inter-American Specialized Conference on Public Security: Meeting of Experts to prepare for MISPA II, held in Montevideo, Uruguay, in August 2009, and of the civil society preparatory meeting, held in Lima, Peru, in September 2009;
RECOGNIZING that public security conditions improve through full respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the promotion of education, culture, health, and economic and social development;
RECOGNIZING ALSO that additional efforts are needed at the hemispheric, subregional, national, and local levels, to reduce crime, violence, and insecurity in the region;
UNDERSCORING the importance of public security management; prevention of crime, violence, and insecurity; police management; citizen and community participation; and international cooperation;
CONSIDERING the importance of actively adopting prevention policies, programs and actions to fight crime, violence, and insecurity, protecting at-risk youth and vulnerable populations; and
CONCERNED at the adverse economic and social impact of transnational organized crime and other forms of organized criminal activity and convinced that cooperation urgently needs to be strengthened to more effectively prevent and combat those activities at the domestic, regional, and international levels, while respecting the sovereignty of states,
1. Forge ahead with implementation of the “Commitment to Public Security in the Americas” (MISPA/doc.7/08 rev. 4).
2. Encourage member states to exchange best practices and experiences on the subject of prevention of crime, violence, and insecurity, public security management, police management, citizen and security participation and international cooperation based on the successful experiences of member states and of citizen and community participation.
3. Request the General Secretariat to propose, within the framework of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH) and with the support of member states, initiatives needed to fully implement the “Commitment to Public Security in the Americas.”
4. Thank the OAS General Secretariat for the draft feasibility study on the best means to strengthen the training and education of personnel responsible for public security in the region (MISPA/RE/doc.4/09); request that it complete the study with input from the member states, so that it can be submitted to MISPA III for consideration by the ministers; and ask that it keep the CSH permanently informed of progress made.
5. Institutionalize the MISPA process by holding a Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas every two years (in odd years), beginning with this one, and a preparatory meeting of experts prior to the ministerial meetings, in the framework of the CSH.
6. We thank the Government of the Republic of Chile for its kind offer to host the next meeting of experts to prepare MISPA III and are pleased to accept that offer.
7. We look forward to continuing the MISPA process at our third meeting, to be held in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
8. We thank and acknowledge the people and Government of the Dominican Republic for hosting the Second Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas and for the warm welcome they extended during this meeting.
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, on this fifth day of the month of November of two thousand and nine.