Organization of American States
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 4, 2009)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly, in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.4992/09 add. 1);
RECALLING the decisions of the Second Summit of the Americas (Santiago, Chile, 1998), the Third Summit of the Americas (Quebec City, Canada, 2001), the Special Conference on Security (Mexico City, Mexico, 2003), the Special Summit of the Americas (Monterrey, Mexico, 2004), and the Fourth Summit of the Americas (Mar del Plata, Argentina, 2005), as well as the mandates issued in General Assembly resolutions related to the Special Conference on Security, especially resolutions AG/RES. 2274 (XXXVII-O/07) and AG/RES. 2357 (XXXVIII-O/08), “Follow-up to the Special Conference on Security”; and the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime, adopted by the Permanent Council [CP/RES. 908 (1567/06)];
RECALLING ALSO that the Declaration on Security in the Americas establishes that “[o]ur new concept of security in the Hemisphere is multidimensional in scope, includes traditional and new threats, concerns, and other challenges to the security of the states of the Hemisphere, incorporates the priorities of each state, contributes to the consolidation of peace, integral development, and social justice, and is based on democratic values, respect for and promotion and defense of human rights, solidarity, cooperation, and respect for national sovereignty”;
REAFFIRMING the commitment to revitalize and strengthen the organs, institutions, and mechanisms of the inter-American system related to the various aspects of hemispheric security, to achieve greater coordination and cooperation among them, within their areas of competence, in order to improve the ability of the states of the Americas to address traditional threats as well as new threats, concerns, and other challenges to hemispheric security;
RECALLING that, in 2006, the General Assembly established the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) as an entity of the Organization, in fulfillment of paragraph 49 of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, and adopted the Statutes of the IADB, which, inter alia, define its legal and institutional relationship with the Organization of American States (OAS); and
WELCOMING WITH SATISFACTION the results of the Commemoration of the Fifth Anniversary of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, held in Washington, D.C., on February 19, 2009,
1. To urge all member states to continue implementing the Declaration on Security in the Americas, with a view to consolidating peace, stability, and security in the Hemisphere.
2. To endorse the Final Act of the Commemoration of the Fifth Anniversary of the Declaration on Security in the Americas (CP/doc.4371/09 rev. 1), adopted by the Permanent Council at its special meeting of February 19, 2009, in which the heads of delegation recognized the multidimensional scope of security, renewed their political commitment to the Declaration on Security in the Americas, and agreed to move forward on the basis of lessons learned, in order to strengthen their cooperation to address traditional threats as well as new threats, concerns, and other challenges to the security of the states of the Hemisphere.
3. To request the Permanent Council to convene, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH) and pursuant to the mandate in resolution AG/RES. 2357 (XXXVIII-O/08), a meeting in the last quarter of 2009 to consider the draft agenda (CP/CSH-1052/08 rev. 1) adopted at the CSH meeting of December 16, 2008.
4. To request the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to propose to the CSH a methodology with guidelines for facilitating the preparation and submission by member states of voluntary reports on measures and actions pertaining to implementation of the Declaration.
5. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its fortieth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.