(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the observations and recommendations of the Permanent Council on the annual reports of the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization of American States (OAS) (AG/doc.5217/11 add. 1), particularly the Annual Report of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism to the General Assembly (CP/doc.4553/11);
REITERATING the commitments assumed in resolutions AG/RES. 1650 (XXIX-O/99), “Hemispheric Cooperation to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Terrorism”; AG/RES. 1734 (XXX-O/00), “Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism”; and AG/RES. 1789 (XXXI-O/01), AG/RES. 1877 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1964 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 2051 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2137 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2170 (XXXVI-O/06), AG/RES. 2272 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2396 (XXXVIII-O/08), AG/RES. 2459 (XXXIX-O/09), and AG/RES. 2536 (XL-O/10), “Support for the Work of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism”;
REITERATING ALSO that, as stated in the Inter-American Convention against Terrorism, terrorism, whatever its form and manifestation and whatever its origin or motivation, has no justification whatsoever, is inimical to the full enjoyment and exercise of human rights, and poses a grave threat to international peace and security, institutions, and the democratic values and principles enshrined in the Charter of the Organization of American States, the Inter-American Democratic Charter, and other international instruments;
REAFFIRMING the nature, principles and purposes of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE) whose main purpose is “to promote and develop cooperation among member states to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorism, in accordance with the principles of the OAS Charter and with the Inter-American Convention against Terrorism, and with full respect for the sovereignty of states, the rule of law, and international law, including international humanitarian law, international human rights law, and international refugee law”;
UNDERSCORING the urgent need to further strengthen the capacity of member states to cooperate with one another in the fight against terrorism bilaterally, subregionally, regionally, and internationally;
RECOGNIZING that member states have made considerable progress in the global fight against terrorism and that it is necessary to continue identifying and taking effective measures at the national level to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorism;
RECOGNIZING ALSO that the threat of terrorism is exacerbated when connections exist between terrorism and illicit drug trafficking, illicit trafficking in arms, money laundering, and other forms of transnational organized crime, and that such illicit activities may be used to support and finance terrorist activities;
EMPHASIZING the importance for the member states of the OAS to sign, ratify, or accede to, as the case may be, and implement in an effective way the Inter-American Convention against Terrorism as well as the pertinent universal legal instruments, including the 18 related international conventions, protocols, and amendment, resolutions 1267 (1999), 1373 (2001), 1540 (2004), and 1624 (2005) and other pertinent United Nations Security Council resolutions, and the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy adopted by the United Nations General Assembly to fight terrorism, including to find, deny safe haven to, and bring to justice, on the basis of the principle of extradite or prosecute any person who supports, facilitates, participates, or attempts to participate in the financing, planning, preparation, or commission of terrorist acts, or provides safe haven;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the holding of the eleventh regular session of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE) in Washington, D.C., on March 17, 2011, and the adoption of the Declaration on “Renewed Hemispheric Commitment to Enhance Cooperation to Prevent, Combat and Eliminate Terrorism”;
RECOGNIZING the importance of the international counter-terrorism framework adopted by the United Nations through resolutions of the General Assembly and of the Security Council and the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy;
AWARE of the need to continue strengthening the CICTE Secretariat in its supporting role to member states and to enhance their capacity to cooperate to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorism; and
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION:
That, to date, 24 member states have ratified or acceded to the Inter-American Convention against Terrorism; and
The holding of the ninth meeting of CICTE’s National Points of Contact, on March 18, 2011, in Washington, D.C.,
1. To reiterate its most vigorous condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations as criminal and unjustifiable under any circumstances, regardless of where and by whom it is commited, and because it constitutes a serious threat to international peace and security, to the rule of law, and to the democracy, stability, and prosperity of the countries of the region.
2. To endorse the Declaration on “Renewed Hemispheric Commitment to Enhance Cooperation to Prevent, Combat and Eliminate Terrorism” adopted by the member states of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE) at its eleventh regular session held on March 17, 2011, in Washington, D.C., and to encourage the member states to fulfill the commitments contained therein.
3. To urge member states to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorism through the broadest cooperation possible, in full respect for the sovereignty of states and compliance with their obligations under national and international law, including international human rights law, international humanitarian law, and international refugee law.
4. To urge those member states that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, or accede to, as the case may be, and to implement in an effective way, the Inter-American Convention against Terrorism as well as the pertinent universal legal instruments and resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.
5. To express its satisfaction with the progress made by member states in the adoption of effective measures to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorism; and to underscore the need to continue identifying and enhancing cooperation mechanisms in the fight against terrorism at the bilateral, subregional, regional, and international levels, and strengthening their application.
6. To reiterate its satisfaction with the forum for dialogue, coordination, and cooperation that CICTE affords, and with its efforts to identify measures to strengthen hemispheric cooperation to prevent, combat, and eliminate terrorism, including the technical assistance provided to states that so request, with the aim of fulfilling the obligations assumed in the different binding international instruments, in accordance with the CICTE Work Plan.
7. To instruct the CICTE Secretariat to continue providing technical assistance and capacity-building to member states, as appropriate and according to its Work Plan for 2011, which includes the following areas: border controls, legislative assistance and combating terrorism financing, protection of critical infrastructure, strengthening strategies on emerging threats, and international coordination and cooperation; and to instruct it to submit a report to the member states every six months on the results of its program evaluations and on the implementation of mandates given to it.
8. To express appreciation once again to the member states and permanent observer states that have contributed human and other resources to the CICTE Secretariat for implementation of CICTE’s Work Plan.
9. To invite member states, permanent observers, and pertinent international organizations to provide, maintain, or increase, as appropriate, their voluntary financial and/or human resource contributions to CICTE, to facilitate the performance of its functions and promote enhancement of its programs and the scope of its work.
10. To instruct the General Secretariat to continue providing the CICTE Secretariat, within the resources allocated in the program-budget of the Organization of American States (OAS) and other resources, with the human and financial resources and support necessary to ensure continuity in the implementation of its mandates, including support for the twelfth regular session of CICTE, scheduled to be held at OAS headquarters in Washington, D.C., from March 7 to 9, 2012; for the tenth meeting of CICTE’s National Points of Contact, which will take place in conjunction with that regular session; and for the three one-day meetings to be held on October 25, 2011; December 6, 2011; and February 7, 2012.
11. To request the Chair of CICTE to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution. Execution of the activities envisaged in this resolution will be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.