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AG/RES. 2624 (XLI-O/11) Consolidation of the Regime Established in the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco)


Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
June 7, 2011

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(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.5217/11 add. 1), in particular the section on the Committee on Hemispheric Security;

RECALLING resolutions AG/RES. 1499 (XXVII-O/97), AG/RES. 1571 (XXVIII-O/98), AG/RES. 1622 (XXIX-O/99), AG/RES. 1748 (XXX-O/00), AG/RES. 1798 (XXXI-O/01), AG/RES. 1903 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1937 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 2009 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2104 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2245 (XXXVI-O/06), AG/RES. 2298 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2377 (XXXVIII-O/08), and AG/RES. 2442 (XXXIX-O/09);

BEARING IN MIND that the Declaration on Security in the Americas affirmed that the establishment of the first nuclear-weapon-free zone in a densely populated area through the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco) and the protocols thereto constitutes a substantial contribution to international peace, security, and stability;

REAFFIRMING that the consolidation of the nuclear-weapon-free zone set forth in the Treaty of Tlatelolco constitutes a firm demonstration of the steadfast commitment of Latin America and the Caribbean to the cause of complete and verifiable nuclear disarmament and the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons, in keeping with the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations;

RECALLING that the preamble to the Treaty of Tlatelolco states that militarily denuclearized zones are not an end in themselves, but rather a means for achieving general and complete disarmament at a later stage;

RECOGNIZING that the Treaty of Tlatelolco has become the model for the establishment of other nuclear-weapon-free zones in various regions of the world, such as the South Pacific (Treaty of Rarotonga), Southeast Asia (Treaty of Bangkok), Africa (Treaty of Pelindaba), and Central Asia (Treaty of Semipalatinsk), which, when they enter into force, will cover more than half the countries of the world and all territories in the Southern Hemisphere;

CONVINCED that internationally recognized nuclear-weapon-free zones are making an important contribution to the international disarmament and nonproliferation regime as well as to the maintenance of international peace and security;

CONSIDERING that, under Article 1 of the Treaty of Tlatelolco, the Contracting Parties undertook “to use exclusively for peaceful purposes the nuclear material and facilities which are under their jurisdiction”;

REAFFIRMING the importance of strengthening the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL) as the appropriate legal and political forum for ensuring the full force and effect of the Treaty of Tlatelolco, as well as cooperation with the agencies of other nuclear-weapon-free zones, in order to achieve their common objectives;

WELCOMING the organization of the second Conference of States Parties and Signatories of Treaties that Establish Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones and Mongolia, which was held in New York City, USA, on April 30, 2010, as a contribution toward bringing about a world free of nuclear weapons;

NOTING the Final Document of the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; and

TAKING NOTE of the results of the meeting of the Committee on Hemispheric Security on disarmament and nonproliferation in the Hemisphere held on March 28, 2011, and of the seminar organized by the Inter-American Defense Board, through the Inter-American Defense College, held on March 28 to 30, 2011,

RESOLVES:

1. To call upon those states of the region that have not yet done so to sign or ratify the amendments to the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco), adopted by the General Conference of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL) in resolutions 267 (E-V), 268 (XII), and 290 (E-VII).

2. To encourage those states that have ratified the relevant protocols to the Treaty of Tlatelolco to review the reservations they made thereto, in compliance with Action 9 of the Final Document of the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

3. To urge the member states of OPANAL to continue with the activities and efforts undertaken by that agency to enforce the agreements reached at the First and Second Conferences of States Parties and Signatories of Treaties that Establish Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones.

4. To reaffirm its commitment to continue striving for a disarmament and nonproliferation regime that is universal, genuine, and nondiscriminatory in every aspect.

5. To call upon OPANAL to continue, in its area of competence, to maintain ongoing contact with the Committee on Hemispheric Security and to report to it periodically on the fulfillment of the commitments undertaken by the states of the region in the Declaration on Security in the Americas, in particular, paragraph 11 thereof, as they pertain to nonproliferation of nuclear weapons.

6. To recognize the work of OPANAL in ensuring compliance with the obligations adopted in the Treaty of Tlatelolco.

7. To invite OPANAL to continue to educate and disseminate information on nuclear disarmament.

8. To include the topic “Consolidation of the Regime Established in the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco)” on the Committee on Hemispheric Security’s schedule of activities for the 2012-2013 period.

9. To request the Secretary General to forward this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations and to the Secretary General of OPANAL.

10. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly on the implementation of this resolution at its forty-second and forty-third regular sessions.

11. That execution of the activities envisaged in this resolution will be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.



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