(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.5217/11 add. 1), in particular the section on the activities of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH);
BEARING IN MIND that in the Declaration on Security in the Americas the member states affirmed that “[c]onfidence- and security-building measures and transparency in defense and security policies contribute to increasing stability, safeguarding hemispheric and international peace and security, and consolidating democracy,” and recommended that the CSH meet periodically as the “Forum for Confidence- and Security-Building Measures” in order to review and evaluate existing confidence- and security-building measures and, if appropriate, consider new measures that would make it possible to ensure progress in this area;
RECOGNIZING that confidence- and security-building measures (CSBMs) developed and implemented in the Hemisphere have helped to enhance security and have fostered cooperation and trust among the states of the Hemisphere;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that the Organization of American States (OAS) may further advance the progress achieved to date by continuing to promote CSBMs;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that resolutions AG/RES. 2270 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2398 (XXXVIII-O/08), and AG/RES. 2447 (XXXIX-O/09), “Confidence- and Security-Building in the Americas,” contain a series of recommendations and mandates directed at the member states and the General Secretariat;
TAKING NOTE of the recommendations contained in the Declaration of Santiago and the Declaration of San Salvador on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures and in the Consensus of Miami: Declaration by the Experts on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures;
EXPRESSING SATISFACTION with the results of the fourth meeting of the Forum on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures held in Lima, Peru, on November 15 and 16, 2010; and
BEARING IN MIND the Conclusions of the Chair of the Fourth Meeting of the Forum on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures (CSH/FORO-IV/doc.13/10 rev. 1) and the Rapporteur’s Report (CSH/FORO-IV/doc.15/10 rev. 1),
1. To continue to encourage and implement confidence- and security-building measures (CSBMs) in keeping with the provisions of the Declarations of San Salvador and Santiago on Confidence-and Security Building Measures, the Consensus of Miami, and the Declaration on Security in the Americas.
2. To call upon all member states to furnish the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS) by July 15 each year with information on the implementation of CSBMs, utilizing the Consolidated List of Confidence- and Security-Building Measures for Reporting According to OAS Resolutions (CP/CSH-1043/08 rev. 1) and the Format for Reporting on the Application of Confidence- and Security-Building Measures (CSH/FORO-IV/doc.7/10).
3. To reaffirm the goal of participation by all member states, by 2010, in the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms and the United Nations Standardized International Reporting of Military Expenditures; and to renew its request that member states provide said information to the Secretary General of the Organization of American States by July 15 each year.
4. To urge member states to share bilateral and subregional experiences relating to CSBMs at seminars, workshops, and other hemispheric fora in order to encourage the dissemination of best practices, avoid duplication, and help standardize, where appropriate, reporting on CSBMs.
5. To request the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH) to establish criteria and guidelines for the selection of experts on confidence- and security-building measures, including a description of the experts’ profile.
6. To request the CSH to continue promoting increased transparency, trust, dialogue, and cooperation to address threats, concerns, and other challenges to hemispheric security.
7. To request the OAS General Secretariat to promote and enhance access to the OAS websites and those of its entities devoted to confidence- and security-building measures, in particular those concerned with the principal international instruments, reporting by member states in this area, and publication of the defense white papers compiled by the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB).
8. To instruct the Permanent Council to convene the fifth meeting of the Forum on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures for the last quarter of 2012, to review and evaluate existing CSBMs, and to discuss, consider, and propose new CSBMs.
9. To request the General Secretariat to update the Roster of Experts on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures every year, on the basis of the information supplied by member states by July 1 each year, and to distribute the new roster to member states by July 30 each year.
10. To request the Secretary General to forward this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the Secretary General of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Association of South-East Asian Nations Regional Forum (ARF), and other pertinent regional organizations.
11. To request the Permanent Council and the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution. Execution of the activities envisaged in this resolution will be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.