(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) to the General Assembly (CP/doc.4545/11);
RECALLING its resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXXII-E/06), “Statutes of the Inter-American Defense Board,” adopted on March 15, 2006, and resolutions AG/RES. 2300 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2400 (XXXVIII-O/08), AG/RES. 2482 (XXXIX-O/09), and AG/RES 2573 (XL-O/10), “Support for the Activities of the Inter-American Defense Board”;
RECALLING ALSO that the IADB is not by nature an operational body and that its Statutes provide that its purpose is to provide the Organization of American States (OAS) and its member states with technical and educational advice and consultancy services on matters related to military and defense issues in the Hemisphere in order to contribute to the fulfillment of the OAS Charter;
WELCOMING the continued commitments of human and other resources made by members of the IADB in filling the elected offices established in its Statutes;
REITERATING the invaluable role and contributions of the IADB on matters related to military and defense issues to the OAS organs, the dependencies of the OAS Secretariat, and the OAS member states;
REITERATING ALSO the importance of the advanced academic courses offered by the Inter-American Defense College to military officers and civilian officials of OAS member states and to permanent observers;
TAKING NOTE of the reports submitted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH) in compliance with resolution AG/RES. 2573 (XL-O/10): “Report of the Chair of the Informal Group to Reflect on the Topic of the Inter-American Defense Board” (CP/CSH-1267/10 corr. 1) and “Institutional Assessment of the Services the Inter-American Defense Board Could Offer to the Member States Under Its Statutes” (CP/CSH-1266/10);
WELCOMING the measures adopted to increase coordination between the IADB and the OAS through the establishment of liaison officers;
RECOGNIZING the technical assistance that the IADB provides to the Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines Program (AICMA);
TAKING NOTE of resolution AG/RES. 2446 (XXXIX-O/09), “Support for the Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas in Housing Its Institutional Memory,” and of the progress that has been made on the commitments contained in this resolution; and
TAKING NOTE ALSO of the Declaration of Santa Cruz de la Sierra of the IX Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas, held in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, from November 22 to 25, 2010,
1. To urge those member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) that are not yet members of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) to become members.
2. To urge the IADB, in compliance with its Statutes, to continue rendering timely technical, consultative, and educational assistance on topics related to military and defense matters to those member states, organs of the OAS, and offices of the General Secretariat that so request.
3. To encourage member states to strengthen and support the Secretariat of the IADB by providing military officers and civilian officials with the necessary skills and expertise for it to continue performing its functions.
4. To urge all OAS member states to continue promoting the participation of at least one student per year from their country in the advanced academic courses and seminars offered by the Inter-American Defense College (IADC).
5. To exhort the Council of Delegates of the IADB to continue to strengthen its cooperation with the OAS through the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH), coordinating its annual calendar of activities and the presentation of its approved annual work plan to the OAS, through the CSH, by September each year.
6. To encourage the Secretariat of the IADB and the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to continue strengthening their communication channels.
7. To request the Secretariat of the IADB and the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to jointly support the implementation of defense mandates, when appropriate.
8. To invite member states to seek and request relevant studies, assessments, and reports from the IADB on matters in accordance with its Statutes.
9. To request the IADB to continue reporting on its analysis and review of technical assistance, educational, and consultancy services that the IADB can provide to member states in accordance with its Statutes, and to submit a report to the CSH by December 1, 2011.
10. To ask the IADB to continue providing technical assistance to the Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines Program (AICMA) and to invite member states to continue contributing specialists to the IADB’s team of international monitors.
11. To request the IADB, in accordance with its Statutes, to draw up, taking into account existing mechanisms and bodies at the multilateral, regional, and subregional levels, and to present to the CSH, before the next regular session of the General Assembly, a plan for improving advice and guidance to the inter-American system for bolstering hemispheric capacity for response to disasters, where appropriate.
12. To instruct the IADB to attend ongoing regional and global defense fora, including, but not limited to, the Conference of American Armies (CAA), the Inter-American Naval Conference (IANC), the System of Cooperation among Air Forces of the Americas (SICOFAA), and the Conference of Central American Armed Forces (CFAC); to report on the proceedings of their meetings to the Committee on Hemispheric Security; and to consider strengthening cooperation with said fora.
13. To request the IADB to support the Pro-Tempore Secretariat of the Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas (CDMA), at the request of the host country, in carrying out the duties set forth in Article 25 of the CDMA’s Regulations.
14. To request the IADB to work with the OAS General Secretariat in encouraging participation by member states as regards reporting on the application of confidence-and security-building measures, in accordance with the consolidated list of measures approved by the CSH (CP/CSH-1043/08 rev. 1) and the format approved at the fourth meeting of the Forum on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures (CSH/FORO-IV/doc.7/10).
15. To request the IADB to work jointly with the OAS General Secretariat toward the full implementation of the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions.
16. To urge the OAS General Secretariat to consider asking the IADB for technical advisory services for the handling, securing, and destruction of stockpiles of weapons in its projects in that area, in accordance with its Statutes.
17. To invite member states, permanent observers, and other donors to support, through voluntary contributions, the activities undertaken by the IADB in carrying out its purpose and functions.
18. To encourage the IADB to continue its efforts to secure resources and funds and to request that the OAS General Secretariat help to facilitate the efforts of the IADB in this regard.
19. To exhort member states to continue to provide the IADB with the financial and human resources necessary to strengthen this institution and enhance academic instruction of military officers and civilian officials at the IADC.
20. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution. Execution of the activities envisaged in this resolution will be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.
1. The Government of Nicaragua does not support this resolution because it does not agree with Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) intervention in matters of a military or other nature that would undermine the country’s sovereignty, independence, institutions, and legal structures.