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AG/RES. 2735 (XLII-O/12) Advancing Hemispheric Security: A Multidimensional Approach


Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
June 4, 2012

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(Adopted at the second plenary session, held on June 4, 2012)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly on the activities of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.XXX);

RECALLING the resolutions assigned to the Committee on Hemispheric Security, listed in the document “List of Resolutions Assigned to the Committee on Hemispheric Security (1995-2011)” (CP/CSH/INF.278/11 rev. 1);

RECALLING ALSO General Assembly declarations AG/DEC. 66 (XLI-O/11) “Declaration of San Salvador on Citizen Security in the Americas” and AG/DEC. 63 (XL-O/10) “Declaration of Lima: Peace, Security, and Cooperation in the Americas,” and resolutions AG/RES. 2617 (XLI-O/11) “Follow-Up to the Special Conference on Security”; AG/RES. 2618 (XLI-O/11) “Support for the Work of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism”; AG/RES. 2619 (XLI-O/11) “Special Security Concerns of the Small Island States of the Caribbean”; AG/RES. 2620 (XLI-O/11) “Observations and Recommendations on the Annual Report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD)”; AG/RES. 2621 (XLI-O/11) “Hemispheric Plan of Action on Drugs 2011-2015”; AG/RES. 2622 (XLI-O/11) “Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission”; AG/RES. 2623 (XLI-O/11) “Model Legislation on Self-Propelled Submersible and Semisubmersible Vessels”; AG/RES. 2624 (XLI-O/11) “Consolidation of the Regime Established in the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco)”; AG/RES. 2625 (XLI-O/11) “Confidence-and Security Building in the Americas”; AG/RES. 2626 (XLI-O/11) “Conference in Support of the Central American Security Strategy”; AG/RES. 2627 (XLI-O/11) “Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials”; AG/RES. 2628 (XLI-O/11) “Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions”; AG/RES. 2629 (XLI-O/11) “Follow-Up to the Meetings of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas”; AG/RES. 2630 (XLI-O/11) “The Americas As an Antipersonnel Land Mine-Free Zone”; AG/RES. 2631 (XLI-O/11) “Support for the Activities of the Inter-American Defense Board”; AG/RES. 2632 (XLI-O/11) “Future of the Mission and Functions of the Instruments and Components of the Inter-American Defense System”; AG/RES. 2533 (XL-O/10) “Disarmament and Nonproliferation in the Hemisphere”; AG/RES. 2534 (XL-O/10) “Support for Implementation at the Hemispheric Level of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004)”; AG/RES. 2543 (XL-O/10) “Execution of the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime and Strengthening of Hemispheric Cooperation”; and AG/RES. 2551 (XL-O/10) “Work Plan against Trafficking in Persons in the Western Hemisphere”;

REAFFIRMING that the programs, activities, and tasks set out in the resolutions on hemispheric security help further one of the essential purposes of the Organization enshrined in the Charter, to strengthen peace and security in the Hemisphere, in accordance with the legal system of each country and respecting international law, and that cooperation among member states is fundamental for the attainment of that goal;

REAFFIRMING the provisions of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, adopted in Mexico City in October 2003, which provides that the “new concept of security in the Hemisphere is multidimensional in scope, includes traditional and new threats, concerns, and other challenges to the security of the states of the Hemisphere, incorporates the priorities of each state, contributes to the consolidation of peace, integral development, and social justice, and is based on democratic values, respect for and promotion and defense of human rights, solidarity, cooperation, and respect for national sovereignty”;

RECALLING that at the Sixth Summit of the Americas, held in Cartagena, Colombia, on April 14 and 15, 2012, the Heads of State and Government reiterated their commitment to combat transnational organized crime and promote citizen security;[1]/

REAFFIRMING the norms and principles of international law in the Charter of the Organization of American States and the Charter of the United Nations;

EMPHASIZING that the consolidation of the nuclear-weapon-free zone set forth in the Treaty of Tlatelolco constitutes a firm demonstration of the steadfast commitment of Latin America and the Caribbean to the cause of complete and verifiable nuclear disarmament and the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons, in keeping with the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations.

UNDERSCORING the importance of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions (CITAAC), and the Inter-American Convention against Terrorism;

CONSIDERING the reports of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE), the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB), and the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD);

EXPRESSING SATISFACTION with the Third Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA-III), held in Trinidad and Tobago on November 17 and 18, 2011; the Third Meeting of the Technical Group on Transnational Organized Crime, held in Trinidad and Tobago on November 16, 2011; the Third Conference of the States Party to the CIFTA, held on May 14 and 15, 2012; and the High-Level Hemispheric Meeting against Transnational Organized Crime, held in Mexico City on March 1 and 2, 2012;

BEARING IN MIND the results of the above-mentioned conferences and meetings; and

BEARING IN MIND ALSO the 10th anniversary of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, on October 28, 2013,

RESOLVES:

I. ACTIVITIES OF THE COMMITTEE ON HEMISPHERIC SECURITY AND MEMBER STATES

1. To reaffirm to the Permanent Council and to the General Secretariat the applicable mandates contained in past resolutions of the General Assembly on hemispheric security and mentioned in the preambular part of this resolution; and to urge member states to continue contributing to the attainment of the objectives established in said resolutions through the development and execution of activities, the submission of reports, the exchange of information, the adoption of measures and policies, and cooperation, support, and mutual assistance and instruct the General Secretariat to provide necessary support to those ends.

2. To instruct the Permanent Council to continue, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH) and pursuant to the mandates in this resolution, participating in, holding consultations with, and sharing experiences and information with other regional and international forums.

Declaration of San Salvador on Citizen Security in the Americas

3. To endorse the Hemispheric Plan of Action to Follow-up on the Declaration of San Salvador on Citizen Security in the Americas (CP/doc.4708/12), adopted by the Permanent Council at its meeting of May 2, 2012, as a reference guide for the member states.

Follow-up to the Special Conference on Security

4. To instruct the Permanent Council to organize and hold a dialogue on the effectiveness of the application of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, in order to analyze and enhance progress by the member states, organs, agencies, entities, and mechanisms of the OAS in implementing it, and to submit their findings or progress reports thereon in 2013, in commemoration of the 10th anniversary of its adoption.

Special Security Concerns of the Small Island States of the Caribbean

5. To instruct the Permanent Council to advance those issues that have an impact on the security of the small island states of the Caribbean and, in that connection, to continue to convene, through the CSH, the meeting on the special security concerns of the small island states of the Caribbean, reiterating that their peculiar characteristics render these states particularly vulnerable and susceptible to the effects of crime and insecurity.

Consolidation of the Regime Established in the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco)

6. To reaffirm its commitment to continue striving for a disarmament and nonproliferation regime that is universal, genuine, and nondiscriminatory in every respect.

7. To call upon those states of the region that have not yet done so to sign or ratify the amendments to the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco), adopted by the General Conference of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL) in resolutions 267 (E-V), 268 (XII), and 290 (E-VII).

8. To encourage those states that have ratified the relevant protocols to the Treaty of Tlatelolco to review the reservations they made thereto, in compliance with Action 9 of the Final Document of the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

9. To recognize the work of OPANAL in holding commemorative activities for the 45th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Tlatelolco, as well as in holding the International Seminar “The Experience of the NWFZ in Latin America and the Caribbean and the Perspective towards 2015 and Beyond,” on February 14 and 15, 2012.

10. To express its interest in the successful convening, in consultation with the states of the region, of a conference in 2012, to be attended by all states of the Middle East, on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction, on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at by all the states of the region, and with the full support and engagement of the nuclear-weapon states.

Confidence- and Security-Building in the Americas

11. To continue to encourage and implement confidence- and security-building measures (CSBMs) in keeping with the provisions of the Declarations of San Salvador and Santiago on Confidence-and Security Building Measures, the Consensus of Miami, and the Declaration on Security in the Americas, urging all member states to furnish to the General Secretariat, by July 15 of each year at the latest, information on the application of CSBMs, utilizing the Consolidated List of Confidence- and Security-Building Measures for Reporting according to OAS Resolutions (CP/CSH-1043/08 rev. 1) and the Format for Reporting on the Application of Confidence- and Security-Building Measures (CSH/FORO-IV/doc.7/10).

12. To instruct the Permanent Council to convene the Fifth Meeting of the Forum on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures to take place in February 2013, to review and evaluate existing CSBMs and to discuss, consider, and propose new CSBMs, in the framework of resolution AG/RES. 2625 (XLI-O/11). Also to encourage that the Forum be used to share experiences and best practices at the bilateral, subregional, and global levels, with regard to CSBMs, formats, and application procedures.

13. To request the CSH to continue to the process of establishing criteria and guidelines for the selection of experts on confidence- and security-building measures, including a description of the experts’ profile, aware of the document “Criteria, Guidelines, and Required Profile for Selection of Experts on Confidence-and Security-Building Measures” (CP/CSH-1385/12).

Support for the Central American Security Strategy

14. To acknowledge the efforts of the member countries of the Central American Integration System with regard to the review, updating, and prioritization of the Central American Security Strategy, which was presented to the international community at the “International Conference in Support of the Central American Security Strategy,” held in Guatemala City on June 22 and 23, 2011.

15. To urge the member states to respond to the appeal the Central American governments have made to the international community to continue providing their support for the implementation and execution the Central American Security Strategy, as a complement to the efforts and resources being provided by the Central American countries, under the principle of common and shared, but differentiated responsibilities in the effective raising of resources and investments for the same and results-based management.

Follow-up to the Meetings of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas

16. To endorse the Document of Port of Spain: Institutionalization of MISPA (MISPA III/doc.9/11 rev. 2) and the Recommendations of Port of Spain on Police Management (MISPA III/doc.8/11 rev. 2), issued by the Third Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas, held on November 17 and 18, 2011, in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, and to urge the member states to apply those documents effectively and to continue implementing the Commitment to Public Security in the Americas and the Consensus of Santo Domingo.

17. To convene the Subsidiary Technical Group on Police Management to meet during the second half of 2012. In addition, to thank the Government of Colombia for its offer to host the Fourth Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA-IV) and to convene that meeting to take place during the second half of 2013. To this end, to establish, through the CSH, a working group to coordinate preparations for MISPA-IV, with the support of the Secretariat.

18. To request the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to continue, on the basis of the contributions offered by the member states and other inputs, compiling best practices and experiences on topics related to public security management, to the prevention of crime, violence, and insecurity, to police management, to citizen and community participation, and to international cooperation, with a view to presenting the results at the Fourth Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA-IV).

The Americas as an Antipersonnel-Land-Mine-Free Zone [2]/

19. To renew its support for the efforts of member states to rid their territories of antipersonnel land mines and destroy their stockpiles, and convert the Americas into the world’s first antipersonnel-land-mine-free zone.

20. To celebrate the support demonstrated by 33 states of the Hemisphere by their ratification of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention); and to encourage governments to continue working in the area of mine action in accordance with the Ottawa Convention and with their mine action plans; and to urge states which have not yet done so to ratify or consider acceding to the Ottawa Convention as soon as possible to ensure its full and effective implementation.

21. To urge those states parties that requested and were granted extensions under Article 5 of the Ottawa Convention to make every effort necessary to comply with their obligations within the periods established.

22. To commend the efforts made by Peru and Ecuador in 2011 and their intention to reduce the length of time for humanitarian demining.

23. To urge the member states, permanent observers, international organizations, and the international community to continue their technical and financial support for the Program for Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines (AICMA) and demining programs carried out by the member states in their respective territories, and to continue cooperating on projects to assist comprehensive action against antipersonnel mines, including humanitarian demining, victim assistance, mine risk and prevention education, and socioeconomic reclamation of demined areas to contribute to the development of the communities.

24. To firmly condemn, in accordance with the principles and norms of international humanitarian law, the use, stockpiling, production, and transfer of antipersonnel mines and improvised explosive devices by non-state actors, especially illegal armed groups in Colombia and Peru, acts which put at grave risk the population of the affected countries; and to strongly call upon non-state actors to observe the international norm established by the Ottawa Convention to facilitate progress toward a mine-free world.

25. To invite all states parties to the Ottawa Convention to fulfill the commitments assumed in the Cartagena Declaration: A shared commitment for a mine-free world, and to implement the Cartagena Action Plan 2010-2014: Ending the suffering caused by anti-personnel mines, and to participate in the Twelfth Meeting of States Parties to the Ottawa Convention, December 3-7, 2012, in Geneva, Switzerland.

Disarmament and Nonproliferation in the Hemisphere

26. To reiterate the member states’ commitment to arms control, disarmament, and nonproliferation of all weapons of mass destruction and to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the Convention on the Prohibition on the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention), the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention), and the 1925 Geneva Protocol to the 1907 Hague Convention.

27. To reiterate our resolve to achieve the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons and to call on states parties to the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty to fully implement the obligations contained in the Treaty as well as the commitments adopted in the final documents of the 2000 and 2010 Review Conferences of the Parties to the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty (NPT), which include specific measures to achieve nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament.

28. To urge states to consider signing or ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) as soon as possible, in particular the states listed in Annex 2 to the Treaty, so that it may enter into force in the shortest possible time.

29. To call on all states to fully comply with the Chemical Weapons convention and to instruct the General Secretariat to explore the possibility of sharing experiences with the Technical Secretariat of the OPCW in the area of legislative implementation of international instruments and to collaborate, within its possibilities and when so requested, in any subregional cooperation programs the OPCW may establish in the Hemisphere and to report to the CSH on its efforts.

30. To call on all states to fully comply with the Biological Weapons Convention and instruct the OAS General Secretariat to explore the possibility of sharing experiences with the Convention Implementation Support Unit and, as appropriate, with the Pan American Health Organization, in accordance with its mandate, in the area of the legislative implementation of international instruments and other areas complementary to the Convention, such as epidemiological monitoring, and relevant scientific information and to report to the CSH on its efforts.

Support for Implementation at the Hemispheric Level of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004)

31. To request the Permanent Council, through the CSH, to continue to assist member states with implementation of UN Security Council resolution 1540 (2004) by holding a meeting to, inter alia, disseminate lessons learned, share experiences, identify specific areas and projects for which assistance is needed, while attempting to establish priorities from a hemispheric perspective; and to foster a more extensive exchange of information, with other international, regional, and subregional organizations, regarding implementation of resolution 1540 (2004), including the United Nations Security Council 1540 Committee and, where appropriate, regional coordinators for 1540 implementation within the Hemisphere, thereby contributing to efforts being undertaken in the United Nations framework.

Execution of the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime and Strengthening of Hemispheric Cooperation

32. To request the Technical Group on Transnational Organized Crime (GTDOT) to continue its role to consider issues related to the implementation of the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime.

33. To request the GTDOT to examine at its next meeting its structure, functions and reporting responsibilities and report its recommendation to the CSH.

34. To adopt the “Components of the Work Program of the Technical Group on Transnational Organized Crime” contained in document GT/DOT-III/doc.9/11; and to encourage the member states to implement them.

Hemispheric Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons

35. To convene the Third Meeting of National Authorities on Trafficking in Persons in the Western Hemisphere for October 4 and 5, 2012, and to thank the Government of Guatemala for offering to host that meeting.

II. LEGAL INSTRUMENTS

36. To urge member states that have not already done so to give prompt consideration to ratifying or acceding to, as the case may be, to the Inter-American Convention Against the illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA) and the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions (CITAAC).

37. To request the Secretary General to present to the Permanent Council prior to the forty-third regular session of the General Assembly a report on the status of signatures and ratifications of, and accessions to, the Inter-American American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA) and the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions (CITAAC).

Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA)

38. To endorse the “Course of Action 2012-2016 for the Operation and Implementation of the CIFTA,” adopted by the Third Conference of the States Party to the CIFTA, held at OAS headquarters on May 14 and 15, 2012.

39. To continue supporting the search for synergies involving the United Nations, including its Program of Action to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects (UNPOA) and the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (ITI), the OAS, and all subregional mechanisms of the Hemisphere that permit states to explore more and better possibilities for joint work.

40. To convene:

a. The Fourteenth Regular Meeting of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, in accordance with Article XXI of the Convention, at OAS headquarters on April 25, 2013; and

b. The Sixth Meeting of the OAS Group of Experts to Prepare Model Legislation in the Areas of “Maintenance, Confidentiality, and Exchange of Information” (Articles XI, XII, and XVIII) and “Security Measures to Eliminate Loss or Diversion” (Article VIII), at OAS headquarters on February 18 and 19, 2013.

41. To invite member states to participate in a hemispheric meeting of national authorities responsible for controlling illicit weapons trafficking and in the Second Meeting of Customs and Border Authorities and Other Law Enforcement Officers, to be held in Lima, Peru, on December 13 and 14, 2012.

42. To request the Technical Secretariat to support the preparation for and follow-up to all of the aforementioned meetings.

Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions (CITAAC)

43. To reaffirm the commitment to the principles in the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions and the commitment assumed in the Declaration of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, adopted at the IX Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas, to promote universal participation in and full implementation of said Convention.

44. To welcome the Annual Consolidated Report for 2011, drawn up by the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security; and to request said Secretariat to do the same for 2012, while at the same time continuing to keep the Web page on the Convention up to date.

45. To urge states parties to submit, in a timely fashion, annual reports and notifications in compliance with their obligations under Articles III and IV of the Convention and to identify, by July 1 of every year, national points of contact to contribute to the preparation of notifications and annual reports.

46. To request the General Secretariat to:

a. Contact the non-member states of the Organization so that they may contribute to the objective of the Convention by providing information annually to the General Secretariat on their exports of conventional weapons to states parties to the Convention, in accordance with Article V of the Convention; and

b. Work jointly with the Inter-American Defense Board on the collaboration it is to provide with a view to full implementation of the Convention, in keeping with operative paragraph 15 of resolution AG/RES 2631 (XLI-O/11).

47. To reiterate to the Permanent Council the request made in resolution AG/RES. 2628 (XLI-O/11) to convene a meeting of national points of contact in 2012 or, if not before, in the first quarter of 2013, to which non-party states will also be invited, to consider implementation of the Convention and activities aimed at promoting its signature and ratification and to collaborate on the Second Conference of the States Parties.

III. OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE ANNUAL REPORTS OF THE ORGANS, AGENCIES, AND ENTITIES OF THE ORGANIZATION (ARTICLE 91.F OF THE CHARTER OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES)

Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE)

48. To reaffirm the commitments made in the Declaration on “Strengthening Cyber-Security in the Americas,” adopted by the member states of the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE) at its Twelfth Regular Session (March 7, 2012, Washington, D.C.); and to encourage the member states to fulfill the commitments contained therein, including the CICTE Work Plan for 2012.

49. To instruct the General Secretariat to continue providing the CICTE Secretariat with necessary support to ensure continuity in the implementation of its mandates, including support for convening and holding the Thirteenth Regular Session of CICTE, scheduled to be held at the headquarters of the Organization of American States, in Washington, D.C., from March 6 to 8, 2013, and for the Eleventh Meeting of National Points of Contact to CICTE, which will take place in conjunction with that regular session, as well as the three one-day meetings to be held on November 5, 2012; December 7, 2012; and February 25, 2013, at the headquarters of the Organization.

50. To request the Chair of CICTE to report to the General Assembly at its forty-third regular session on the implementation of the mandates set out in the CICTE Work Plan.

51. To request the General Secretariat to organize, in coordination with the Secretariats of CICTE, REMJA, and CITEL, a workshop on hemispheric principles and norms on cyber security, in accordance with the Strategy to Combat Threats to Cybersecurity, and follow up on the discussion held during the twelfth regular session of CICTE.

Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD)

52. To take note of the 2011 Annual Report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) to the General Assembly (CP/doc. 4710/12 rev. 1) and to congratulate CICAD on the progress made.

53. To endorse the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) Executive Secretariat’s work plan for 2012, in accordance with CICAD statutes and in line with the Hemispheric Drug Strategy and its Plan of Action, and to entrust the Executive Secretariat to carry out the corresponding activities and to continue to support capacity building and provide technical assistance to the member states.

54. To endorse the national reports on progress made in the implementation of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM) Fifth Evaluation Round recommendations, and to encourage member states to implement the pending recommendations, in order to strengthen their drug control policies and increase multilateral cooperation in the Hemisphere.

55. To convene the MEM Inter-governmental Working Group (IWG) in preparation for the Sixth Evaluation Round, to encourage member states to continue to participate actively in this process, and to thank the government of Costa Rica for its offer to host the first meeting in San Jose, Costa Rica, June 12-15, 2012.

56. To take note of the Report on Drug Use in the Americas 2011, drafted by the CICAD Executive Secretariat, which presents a detailed overview of the use of different substances among member states’ diverse population groups.

57. To encourage member states to continue to participate in the Professional Exchange Program being implemented by the CICAD Executive Secretariat.

58. To request the CICAD Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (OID) to continue strengthening and collaborating with national drug observatories, in fulfillment of its mandates, and to provide them with technical assistance to carry out national studies that would allow a better understanding of and response to the world drug problem.

59. To instruct the General Secretariat to continue providing the CICAD Executive Secretariat with necessary support, and to encourage member states, permanent observers, and other international donors to continue making voluntary contributions so that the Secretariat can continue implementing its mandates.

Inter-American Defense Board (IADB)

60. To invite member states to continue requesting relevant studies, assessments, and reports from the IADB on matters in accordance with its Statutes.

61. To request the IADB continue reporting to the CSH on its analysis and review of technical assistance, educational, and consultancy services that the IADB can provide to member states in accordance with its Statutes, and to submit a report to the CSH by December 3, 2012.

62. To request the IADB, in accordance with its statutes, and in coordination with the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to conduct the following activities:

a. To continue providing technical assistance to the Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines Program (AICMA);

b. To continue its consultations with the organs, agencies and entities of the OAS and other relevant actors on the draft plan presented with a view to improving advice and guidance offered by the IADB to the inter-American system, aimed at improving the capacity to respond to disasters in the Hemisphere, taking into account, inter alia, the Inter-American Plan for Disaster Prevention and Response and the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance;

c. To continue promoting the participation of civilian authorities and officials responsible for defense matters and to promote civilian-military relations, as a complement to the educational services offered by the IADB in this field; and to make recommendations to the CSH by December 15, 2012.

d. To encourage members of the OAS to consider requesting support from the IADB in promoting the preparation or updating of defense white papers, as well as the preparation of reports required for defense matters, especially those that strengthen mutual confidence- and security-building in the Hemisphere.

e. To support the Technical Secretariat of the CIFTA, in accordance with its Statutes, to conclude a procedural manual on the protection of weapons stockpiles and on standard operational procedures for the safe destruction of surplus firearms, ammunition, and explosives.

Future of the mission and functions of the instruments and components of the inter-American defense system

63. To instruct the Permanent Council, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, to schedule and prepare meetings to discuss the future of the mission and functions of the instruments and components of the inter-American defense system, pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 2632 (XLI-O/11) and the recommendations of the IX Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas.

IV. FOLLOW-UP AND REPORTS

64. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly, at its forty-third regular session, on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

FOOTNOTES
 

1. ….preventive actions in the face of threats to security, in particular those stemming from all aspects of crime. In this connection, Nicaragua shares and supports the efforts made and initiatives taken in the regional and hemispheric framework. However, with regard to initiatives to strengthen the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB), Nicaragua considers that the historical context that led to the emergence of the IADB is different from the present realities in our states. Nicaragua does not agree that the IADB should intervene in matters of a military or other nature that might undermine the sovereignty, independence, institutional system, and legal order of the country.

2. … approved by Ecuador in other negotiation contexts as appropriate.

3. … OAS efforts to eliminate the humanitarian threat of all remaining landmines and declare countries “mine-impact-free.” Additionally, the United States is undertaking a comprehensive review of its antipersonnel landmine policy. The United States regrets that this resolution does not by name condemn the use of landmines in Colombia by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in a manner similar to OAS Permanent Council resolution CP/RES. 837 (1354/03), “Condemnation of terrorist acts in Colombia,” adopted on February 12, 2003. The United States on August 14, 2007, condemned the continued and growing use of landmines and other explosive devices by the FARC after the UN, credible nongovernmental organizations, and the press highlighted the FARC as the “largest non-state armed group and most prolific user of mines.”



[1]. The Republic of Ecuador expresses a reservation to the references to the Sixth Summit of the Americas, held on April 14 and 15, 2012, in Cartagena de Indias, without prejudice to the content …

[2]. The United States remains committed to humanitarian mine action and to cooperating in practical steps to end the harmful legacy of landmines. The United States will continue to support …



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