THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly, in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.4376/05 add. 5);
The adoption of the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions, in Guatemala City, Guatemala, on June 7, 1999, through resolution AG/RES. 1607 (XXIX-O/99), and its entry into force on November 21, 2002;
Its resolutions AG/RES. 1749 (XXX-O/00), AG/RES. 1799 (XXXI-O/01), and AG/RES. 1881 (XXXII-O/02), "Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions"; and
Its resolutions AG/RES. 1967 (XXXIII-O/03) and AG/RES. 1996 (XXXIV-O/04), "Transparency and Confidence- and Security-Building in the Americas";
That the Heads of State and Government, at the Second Summit of the Americas (Santiago, Chile, 1998) and the Third Summit of the Americas (Quebec City, Canada, 2001) pledged to continue promoting transparency in defense and security matters; and
That the "Consensus of Miami: Declaration by the Experts on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures: Recommendations to the Summit-Mandated Special Conference on Security" (Miami, February 2003) measures recognized progress made in the adoption, ratification, and entry into force of the Convention;
That the Declaration on Security in the Americas emphasizes that "transparency in defense and security policies contribute to increasing stability, safeguarding hemispheric and international peace and security, and consolidating democracy;" and
That the Declaration of Quito of the Sixth Meeting of Ministers of Defense of the Americas asserted that "transparency of security and defense policies contribute to consolidating peace and security among the States of the region" and recommended that states consider ratification of the Convention;
BEARING IN MIND that openness and transparency in the conventional weapons field contribute to building mutual confidence, reducing tensions, and strengthening regional and international peace and security; and
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION that the Governments of Argentina, Canada, Guatemala, Ecuador, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela have deposited their instruments of ratification of the Convention and that 20 member states have signed it,
1. To reaffirm its commitment to the principles of the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions.
2. To invite all states which have not already done so to consider signing, ratifying, and/or acceding to the Convention.
3. To urge states parties to submit, in a timely fashion, annual reports and notifications in compliance with their obligations under Article III and Article IV of the Convention.
4. To request the General Secretariat to circulate the states parties' annual reports and notifications which it has received in accordance with Article XIV of the Convention, and notify those states parties which have not yet submitted their reports.
5. To request that the Permanent Council, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, convene a meeting of the states parties to the Convention, to which member states not party to the Convention will also be invited, to review implementation of the Convention, consider activities aimed at promoting signature and ratification of the Convention, and contribute to the preparation of the first Conference of the States Parties, which will take place in 2009 pursuant to Article VIII of the Convention.
6. To urge all states parties to identify points of contact to participate in the above-mentioned meeting who would also serve as the focal points in their respective countries for complying with the reporting requirements of the Convention and for responding to member state or General Secretariat inquiries regarding the Convention; and to request the General Secretariat to establish, on the basis of information submitted by states parties, a list of points of contact.
7. To request the Secretary General to present a report to the Permanent Council, prior to the thirty-sixth regular session of the General Assembly, on the status of signatures, ratifications, and accessions to the Convention.
To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.