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AG/RES. 1793 (XXXI-O/01): Support for the Program of Integral Action Against Antipersonnel Mines in Central America


June 5, 2001

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(Resolution adopted at the third plenary session, held on June 5, 2001)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

Having seen the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3970/01), in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security; as well as the report of the Secretary General on the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 1751 (XXX-O/00), "Support for the Program of Integral Action against Antipersonnel Mines in Central America" (CP/doc.3432/01 rev. 1);

BEARING IN MIND resolution AG/RES. 1751 (XXX-O/00), as well as resolution AG/RES. 1240 (XXIII-O/93), "Inter-American Defense Board";

AWARE that the presence in Central America of thousands of antipersonnel land mines and other undetonated explosive devices continues to constitute a threat to the population and has disastrous effects, primarily on the civilian population-especially children-causing tragedy to individuals and families, standing in the way of socioeconomic development in vast and rich rural areas, and affecting border integration in those areas;

BEARING IN MIND the efforts still being made by the Governments of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua to complete mine-clearing activities and the destruction of stockpiles of mines, as well as programs aimed at the rehabilitation of victims and their families and the socioeconomic reclamation of demined areas in order to forge ahead with development and integration in the region;

ACKNOWLEDGING:

The successful completion by the Government of Honduras in November 2000 of the destruction of antipersonnel mines stockpiled in that country;

The progress made by the Government of Nicaragua in the destruction of antipersonnel mines stockpiled in that country, as well as the establishment of a Special Platoon for Marking, Stockpile Destruction, and Immediate Reaction to facilitate demarcation and signaling work in the mined areas;

The support provided by the Mine-Clearing Program in Central America (PADCA) in completing the mine-clearing work on the road infrastructure and communication towers affected by the passage of Hurricane Mitch in Honduras and Nicaragua; and

The contribution made by the participants from governmental and nongovernmental sectors of the member states as well as from regional and international organizations in the Regional Seminar on Stockpile Destruction of Antipersonnel Mines in the Americas, held in November 2000 in Buenos Aires, Argentina; and

NOTING WITH SATISFACTION:

The important contribution by member states, such as Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Peru, the United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela, and by permanent observers, such as Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, the Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, to the Mine-Clearing Program in Central America;

The important coordination, promotion, and fund-raising work carried out by the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States, through the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD), for PADCA and for programs aimed at the physical and psychological rehabilitation of victims and their families and the socioeconomic reclamation of demined areas; and

The valuable support of the Committee on Hemispheric Security and the technical advice provided to PADCA by the Inter-American Defense Board,

RESOLVES:
1. To reiterate its appeal to member states and permanent observers, as well as to the international community in general, for continued collaboration and necessary support for the Mine-Clearing Program in Central America (PADCA) and the other programs for Integral Action against Antipersonnel Mines (AICMA) in Central America.

2. To reiterate its request to the General Secretariat that it continue, through the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD), to carry out cooperation and coordination activities with the Central American Bank for Economic Integration, the United Nations, the United Nations Children's Fund, the Trust for the Americas, the Pan American Health Organization within the framework of the joint Mexico-Canada-PAHO cooperation program, and the Center for International Rehabilitation, in order to continue developing and implementing programs aimed at making the civilian population aware of the danger of mines, the socioeconomic reclamation of demined areas, care for antipersonnel-mine victims and their social and psychological rehabilitation, and job training for persons with disabilities in the use of new information and communication technologies.

3. To request the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) to continue to provide technical assistance to PADCA.

4. To reiterate its request to the Inter-American Council for Integral Development that it pay special attention to the integral development of Central American rural areas in which antipersonnel mine-clearing has been completed, as stated in its cooperation program, pursuant to the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 1997-2001.

5. To urge the General Secretariat to continue to provide to the Central American countries, within the resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources, the support necessary to continue the mine-clearing programs, as well as those aimed at mine-awareness education, rehabilitation of victims and their families, and the socioeconomic reclamation of demined areas.

6. To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the United Nations Secretary-General and to other international organizations as he deems appropriate.

7. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution.



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