(Resolution adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 4, 2002)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.4059/02), in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security;
RECALLING its resolutions AG/RES. 1747 (XXX-O/00) and AG/RES. 1791 (XXXI-O/01), "Inter-American Support for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty"1;
RECOGNIZING that the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones is an effective and concrete mechanism which contributes to the maintenance of international peace and security;
BEARING IN MIND that, as of this date, the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco) is in force for 32 member states of the OAS;
MINDFUL that the General Assembly, in operative paragraph 4 of resolution AG/RES. 1798 (XXXI-O/01), reaffirmed its commitment to continue striving for a nonproliferation regime that is universal, genuine, and nondiscriminatory in every aspect;
The need for universal adoption of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), negotiated within the United Nations framework; and
The importance of the CTBT in contributing to the maintenance of international peace and security;
NOTING that, to date, the CTBT has been signed by 27 member states of the OAS and ratified by 18 of them; and, in particular, that six of the eight states in the region whose ratification is required for the treaty to enter into force have already ratified it; and
RECALLING the Final Declaration of the Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, held in New York from November 11 to 13, 2001, in which 109 states participated, whether or not they had deposited their instruments of ratification,
1. To urge the states of the region that have not yet done so, in particular the states included in Annex 2 to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), to sign and/or ratify the CTBT, as appropriate, so that it may enter into force as soon as possible.
2. To entrust the Permanent Council with holding, through its Committee on Hemispheric Security, a special meeting on a comprehensive nuclear test ban worldwide, with the support of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL) and the participation of the United Nations, the Provisional Technical Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the CTBT Organization, and other competent international institutions in the area.
3. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-third regular session on the implementation of this resolution.
4. To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the United Nations Secretary-General and to the Executive Secretary of the Provisional Technical Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the CTBT Organization.
1 The delegation of the United States stated that it could not support this resolution.