General Assembly of the Organization of American States
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 6, 2006
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,HAVING SEEN the report of the Permanent Council and the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development on the creation of a single permanent committee on natural and other disasters and risk management, and the related recommendations contained in that report (CP/CSH-774/06);
RECALLING its resolution AG/RES. 2114 (XXXV-O/05), "Natural Disaster Reduction and Risk Management," which called for a review of the Statutes of the Inter-American Committee on Natural Disaster Reduction (IACNDR) and the Inter-American Emergency Aid Fund (FONDEM) to propose amendments necessary to create a single permanent inter-American committee to address natural and other disasters;
AWARE of the duplications in the composition and functions of the Inter-American Committee for Emergency Situations under FONDEM, the IACNDR, and the Inter-American Emergency Aid Committee under the Inter-American Convention to Facilitate Disaster Assistance;
The importance of reducing member states' vulnerability to disasters by the appropriate use of sustainable development practices as an element of sustained economic and social development; and
The need to strengthen the planning and disaster management activities of the Organization of American States so as to respond more effectively to the increasingly frequent natural disasters in the Hemisphere;
RECOGNIZING the importance of FONDEM as one of the principal regional instruments for assisting member states in responding to natural disasters; and
PURSUANT to Article XI of the FONDEM Statutes currently in force, which establishes that amendments to the current Statutes may be proposed by the Permanent Council to the General Assembly for approval,
1. To adopt the amended Statutes of the Inter-American Emergency Aid Fund (FONDEM) attached hereto.
2. To declare the entry into force of the amended FONDEM Statutes as of the date of the adoption of this resolution.
APPENDIX: Statutes Of The Inter-American Emergency Aid Fund (FONDEM)
In accordance with resolution VIII of the Second Special Inter-American Conference, an Inter-American Emergency Aid Fund is created, hereinafter to be called the Fund.
The primary objective of FONDEM is to support the political role of the OAS in matters pertaining to emergency aid, and to demonstrate the solidarity of the member states of the Organization by participating in the coordination of aid in the face of natural disasters in the Hemisphere.
The Fund shall provide available social, humanitarian, material, technical, and financial aid, both in kind and in services, to any member state of the Organization that is threatened by, has suffered from, or is in an emergency situation caused by natural disasters.
The Fund shall be made up of:
a. Voluntary contributions from the governments of the member states, permanent observer states, or other states, international organizations, foundations, nongovernmental entities, public or private enterprises, or individuals; and
b. Financial resources approved by the General Assembly of the Organization charged against unused appropriations from previous biennia.
The Secretary General is authorized to grant emergency aid of up to US$25,000 per case from unused appropriations from previous biennia and shall immediately notify the Permanent Council thereof.
The Inter-American Committee on Natural Disaster Reduction, as modified by General Assembly resolution AG/RES. 2182 (XXXVI-O/06), shall provide all advisory services to the Fund on all matters pertaining to emergency aid and social, humanitarian, material, technical, and financial assistance to member states pursuant to Article III of these Statutes.
The Fund shall operate under the authority of the Permanent Council, which shall set its general policy. The Secretary General shall be responsible for its management and shall report annually to the Permanent Council on the Fund's operations.
The Secretary General of the Organization of American States shall be responsible for carrying out the decisions of the Permanent Council with respect to the Fund and shall report to the Council on the implementation of each decision. The Secretary shall also perform the following functions:
a. Receive donors' contributions and establish in the General Secretariat, in coordination with the Permanent Council, the machinery and procedures required for the operation of the Fund;
b. Receive requests for assistance submitted by affected member states, establish the admissibility of those requests, and present them to the Permanent Council for approval;
c. Ask the member states and other entities mentioned in Article IV.a for the contributions required by the Fund;
d. Establish cooperative relations and coordinate resources and emergency plans with the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund, the World Food Programme of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the Pan American Health Organization, the League of Red Cross Societies, and other international and national institutions whose activities and experiences may further the best possible achievement of the Fund's objectives, and report to the Permanent Council thereon;
e. Determine in each case the specific mechanisms for granting aid, with the urgency that the situation demands; and
f. Keep separate books for the accounts of the Fund.
The Secretary General shall request each member state to designate an official or agency to coordinate that country's participation in the Fund. Wherever possible, this official or agency shall be the same one entrusted with responsibility for plans to remedy national emergencies and for receiving external aid in these cases.
Administrative expenses and operational costs of emergency missions incurred by the General Secretariat in connection with the operation of the Fund shall be covered by the Fund's existing resources. The Secretary General is empowered to analyze the financial aspects of the Fund's operation and to submit any recommendations he may deem appropriate to the Permanent Council of the Organization.
Amendments to these Statutes may be proposed by the Permanent Council to the General Assembly for approval.