General Assembly of the Organization of American States
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 6, 2006
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,HAVING SEEN the observations and recommendations of the Permanent Council on the annual reports of the organs, agencies, and entities of the Organization (AG/doc.4548/06 add. 5), in particular with reference to the annual report of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) (CP/doc.4126/06 rev. 1);
RECALLING the importance that the Heads of State and of Government have accorded to the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM) since the Second Summit of the Americas (Santiago, 1998), and their reiterated commitment to this evaluation process as a central pillar of assistance toward effective hemispheric cooperation in the struggle against drug problem;
RECOGNIZING that the MEM is a fundamental tool for obtaining a multilateral, objective, and transparentdiagnostic assessment of the manner in which states confront the drug problem in the Hemisphere; that it also seeks to enhance inter-institutional coordination internally and internationally, dialogue among the competent authorities, guidelines and encouragement for action, and the optimization of resources devoted to cooperation among states, in order to address the drug problem and related offenses more effectively;
CONSCIOUS that the changing nature of the world drug problem requires the MEM to evolve in a dynamic way so that its capacity to identify trends and follow up on individual and collective progress on the drug problem in the Hemisphere may be strengthened with each evaluation exercise;
STRESSING the value of the information provided by the MEM process and its potential as a source for further research and academic studies;
TAKING NOTE of the results of the meeting of CICAD's Intergovernmental Working Group (IWG), held in Washington, D.C., in February 2006, at which the MEM process and indicators were adapted and improved, and of CICAD's decision at its thirty-ninth regular session, held in Washington, D.C., in May 2006, to approve those results; and
NOTING that the hemispheric report and the 33 national reports on implementation of the recommendations of the third round of the MEM were approved by CICAD at its thirty-ninth regular session,
1. To note with satisfaction the approval by the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) at its thirty-ninth regular session, held in Washington, D.C., in May 2006, of the hemispheric report and the 33 national reports of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM) on implementation of the recommendations of its third evaluation round 2003-2004.
2. To endorse the recommendations contained in the national reports of the MEM; to urge the countries to implement those recommendations; and to request CICAD to present a report on compliance therewith to the General Assembly at its thirty-seventh regular session.
3. To urge member states to disseminate the MEM national and hemispheric reports, through their appropriate authorities, to their legislative and judicial branches and government institutions, the media, academic institutions, and civil society, so as to spread knowledge of the MEM and thereby strengthen the human and financial commitment of each member state and of the Hemisphere in the fight against the drug problem and related offenses.
4. To recognize with satisfaction the important progress made in national antidrug policies since the first MEM evaluation round 1999-2000 and their impact on the different aspects of the problem in the Hemisphere, which has made it possible to foster trust and dialogue among states; facilitated the exchange of information and best practices among governments in the Hemisphere; strengthened domestic legal frameworks in the member states, as well as the international legal framework by promoting a significant increase inthe ratification of important international instruments; and helped optimize resources for hemispheric cooperation by channeling them to areas identified by the MEM.
5. To urge member states to renew the commitment they showed during the three MEM evaluation rounds, and to continue participating actively, fully, and in a timely manner in the fourth round, in particular by providing the introductory material required on the status of the drug problem and related offenses in each national report, and by giving complete answers to the questionnaire and other requests for information from the Governmental Experts Group (GEG), and assuring the full participation of their governmental experts in the different phases of the process.
6. To thank the Intergovernmental Working Group (IWG) for its excellent work in adapting and improving the MEM process and indicators for the fourth evaluation round; and to endorse CICAD's decision to approve the IWG's conclusions.
7. To recognize the dedicated work of the GEG, entrusted with preparing the reports during the third evaluation round; and to congratulate the National Coordinating Entities (NCEs), the institutions, and the numerous national agencies that cooperated by providing ample information for the process.
8. To urge member states and permanent observers to initiate, maintain, or increase their voluntary financial and in-kind contributions to the MEM, in order to ensure that it continues and is strengthened, which is of particular importance since the MEM has had a measurable positive impact on combating drugs in the Hemisphere.
9. To ensure that the necessary resources are provided for the efficient operations of the MEM; and to request the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) to allocate budgetary resources for the MEM evaluation activities.
10. To urge CICAD to take the MEM reports increasingly into consideration in the planning of its strategies, programs, and projects.
11. To instruct the Executive Secretariat of CICAD to continue to support the member states in their national efforts to implement the recommendations made in the MEM process, and to continue to undertake MEM promotional activities internationally, regionally, and nationally, in order to increase public knowledge of it.